Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names. D

The gastropod name Trophon dabneyi Dautzenberg, 1889 and the hydroid name Errina dabneyi (de Pourtalès, 1871) are both honouring members of the influential Dabney consul family of the Azores. The Errina species is honouring a Miss Dabney, who sent corals from Fayal and the Trophon species is in honour of M.S.W. Dabney, "consul des Etats-Unis à Fayal" (the Azores). M.S.W. must be interpreted as Monsieur Samuel Wyllys Dabney, (6 Jan. - Azores) 1826-1893 (26 Dec. - Fayal Range, San Diego area), US consul at the Azores between 1872-92, (and the Miss Dabney above is likely not his daughter Rose Dabney (married name Forbes), 1864-1947, because of her very young age at this occation, so Samuel Dabney's sister Roxana Lewis Dabney, 1827-1913, must be the most likely family member). They all moved from the Azores to the San Diego area in 1892 after having served there as US consuls for three generations, after that S.W. Dabney's grandfather, the Bordeaux wine merchant John Bass Dabney first became consul there in 1806.

Da Costa : (see Costa).

The copepod name Pseudocyclopinodes (Parapseudocyclopinodes) dacunhai Lindberg, 1961 is likely not named from a person, but from the South Atlantic island Tristan Da Cunha, where a Norwegian expedition directed by Erling Christophersen, in 1937-38 collected much in rock pools and on the shore, because they had problems with their dredging vessel. (Dr. Thomas Dahlgren kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Eugen von Daday (or in Hungarian Jenö Daday sometimes Jenö Daday de Dées), (May - Búzamezö, Transylvania) 1855-1920, Hungarian researcher in the Adriatic during the very beginning of the 20:th century. He had become a friend and assistent of G. Entz Sr. (q.v) and also became very close to Entz Jr., who later became his co-worker. During the 1870 he became the first Hungarian hydrobiologist and during a trip to Stazione Zoologica in Napoli he rapidly learned Italian and he also spoke English, German and French, He had a happy character and a charming personality and easily won many friends and taught the ladies at the Stazione Zoologica to dance csárdás. In 1902 he became Professor of zoology at the Technical University in Budapest. He worked on copepods, cladocerans, water-mites, and protozoans, but also on other things and published around 1000 new taxon names. He is remembered for his 50 papers on freshwater copepods world-wide, for the copepod genus Onychocamptus Daday, 1903, and for naming 55 copepod species. He was honored with Attheyella dadayi (Chappuis, 1924), Godetella dadayi Delachaux, 1918, and recently by Mesocyclops dadayi Holynski, 1997 [Dadaya G.O. Sars, 1901, Dadayia Travassos, 1921, Dadayiella Kofoid & Campbell, 1929, Dadayius Fukui, 1929, Chaetoceros dadayi Pavillard, 1913, Polydesmus dadayi Silvestri, 1895, Brachydesmus dadayi Verhoeff, 1895, Disparalona dadayi (Birge, 1910), Eumonhystera dadayi (Goodey, 1963), Archilithobius dadayi Törnösvary, 1880, Camptocercus dadayi Stingelin, 1913, Teratocephalus dadayi Reuss & al., 2002, Flectacineta dadayi (Kahl, 1934), Crocodorylaimus dadayi (Thorne & Swanger, 1936), Mononchus dadayi Micoletzky, 1914, Amoeba (Vexillifera) dadayi Lepsi, 1960, likely Tintinnopsis dadayi Bonnetto & Ezcurra de Drago, 1973, Macrothrix dadayi Behning, 1941, Lophodinium dadayi Osorio-Tafall, 1942]. Altogether at least 3 genera, 21 species and some varieties were named for him during his life time. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided much of this information).

The polychaete name Eupomatus dafnii Amoureux, Rullier & Fishelson, 1978 is in honour of Dr. Ya'aqov (himself usually spelling it the western way as Jacob) Dafni, 1934-, Israelic marine biologist at the Heinz Steinitz Marine Biological Station, Eilat.

The isopod names Bellibos dageti (Chardy, 1975) and Syneurycope dageti Chardy, 1975. may very likely be tributes to the very productive French ichthyologist Prof. Dr. Jacques Daget, (30 June) 1919-2009 (29 June), Prof. at the NMHN, Paris, who i.a. is honoured in several fresh water fish names, but also species like Argulus dageti Dollfus, 1960, Raja dageti Capapé, 1977, Epiplatys dageti dageti Poll, 1953, Quadriacanthus dageti Birgi, 1988, etc..

Dr. Dominique Didier Dagit, 19??-, Ichthyologist interested in Chimaeroid fishes, at the Academy of Natural Science, Philadelphia.

Lacking information about Dagmar in the bivalve name Teredo dagmarae Felix Roch, 1931.

The gastropod name Talassia dagueneti (de Folin, 1873) is likely honouring an engineer of "Ponts et Chaussées" (bridges and roads) in Bayonne, member of a bureau in which de Folin was director during the early 1870s. A street in Bayonne, Rue Daguenet, is still named for him. This person was Isidore Jean Pierre Daguenet, (15 May - Saint-Jean-Píed-de-Port) 1818-1882 (4 June - Bayonne).

Prof. Dr. Axel Erik Dahl, (25 Dec. - Sunnemo församling, Värmland) 1914-1999 (2 Jan.), Swedish specialist on systematics of crustaceans, took his PhD in Lund 1948, professor of zoology in Lund between 1957-80 [Parborlasia dahli Friedrich, 1970, Cironiscus dahli Nielsen, 1967, Eurycope dahli Svavarson, 1987, Crinolamia dahli Bouchet & Warén, 1986, Echinogammarus dahli (Stock, 1968), Procerodes dahli Marcus & Marcus, 1959].

Dr. Karl Friedrich Theodor Dahl, (24 June - Rosenhofer Brök, north of Dahme, Holstein) 1856-1929 (29 June - Greifswald), planktonologist, also specialist on chelicerats and working as assistant professor for 10 years in Kiel, where he had been a disciple of Möbius (q.v.). Eventually he became curator at the zoological museum in Berlin [likely Procerodes dahli Marcus & Marcus, 1959]. He invented the expression 'biotope' and was from 19 June 1899 married to Maria Johanna Dahl (née Grosset), (26 July - Botamby, Poltawa / Kharkov area, Ukraine) 1872-1972. She was encouraged by her husband to work on copepods and after his death she continued his editorial work on the national fauna book series Die Tierwelt Deutschland {Photo of the Dahl couple}.

Lars Vilhelm Dahlgren, (22 Jan.) 1924-1970, Forminiferan researcher (a disciple of Nyholm (q.v.)) at the Uppsala University, who died rather young because of broken Aorta dorsalis [Dahlgreniella Lena & Hamann, 1980].

Dr. Thomas (Totte) Dahlgren, 1963-, Swedish specialist on Chrysopetalidae.

The amphipod species name Gammarus daiberi Bousfield, 1969 is actually not in honour of Prof. Franklin C. Daiber, 1919-2003, who in the beginning of the 1980s published "Animals of the tidal marsh", but despite the male ending of the species name, of his wife (since 1953) Joanne Elizabeth Currier Daiber, (Winchester, Mass.) 1927-2007 (16 Feb. - New England), who published on zooplankton from the Delaware River Estuary in 1962, who found the species during the 1950s. She was the first female scientist hired by the Univ. of Delaware. This married couple were among the five scientists who started the Graduate College of Marine Studies at the Univ. of Delaware (information gratefully received from the oldest son Steven C. Daiber).

Prof. William John Dakin, (23 Apr. - Liverpool) 1883-1950 (2 Apr. - Sydney), zoologist at the Univ. of Liverpool between 1921-28, later active in Melbourne, Australia, is honoured in the isopod name Paracilicaea dakini (Tattersall, 1922). He was the person, who together with his wife, met the young girl Isobel Bennett (q.v.) on a cruise to Norfolk Island and employed her, leading to her career as a marine biologist.

Captain Enrico Alberto D'Albertis, (23 Mar. - Voltri) 1846-1932 (3 Mar. - Genova), Italian owner of the cutter "Violante", who collected in the Mediterranean during 1875-80 and after having shifted ship to the yacht "Corsaro" he visited the Atlantic outside Gibraltar during 1882-86. During the expeditions he used to have company with other naturalists, like Marquis Giacomo Doria, (1 Nov. - La Spezia) 1840-1913 (19 Sep. - Genoa), Raffaello Gestro, (21 Mar. - Genoa) 1845-1936 (6 June - Genoa), Leonardo Fea, (Turin) 1852-1903, or A. Issel (q.v.).

The naturalist, Dr. Baron Dagobert Karl (sometimes named Ingobert Carl) de Daldorff, (or Daldorf) (Kiel) 17??-1802 (18 Dec. - Frederiksnagore (a Danish colony, present-day Serampore in SW India)), who achieved a Dr. phil. in Kiel in 1795, was a liutenant in the Danish East India Company, lived in Tranquebar near Pondicherry (Tamil Nadu) at that time a Danish colony at the western Indian coast, between 1790 and 1793 (returning to India in 1798), collected many insects and crustaceans (and also other animals like e.g. fish) in India during the 1790s, most often presented to J.C. Fabricius (q.v.), and is honoured in the crab genus name Daldorfia Rathbun, 1904.

The dinoflagellate name Pentapharsodinium dalei Indelicato & Loeblich 1986 is likely honouring Dr. Barrie Dale, (12 Apr. - Sheffield, England) 1940-, who has been working in Oslo, Norway, with microalgae since the 1970s.

It is not the US naval commodore Richard Dale, (6 Nov. - Norfolk, Virginia) 1756-1826 (26 Feb. - Philadelphia), who is honoured in the gastropod name Liomesus dalei (Sowerby, 1825) - but the UK physician, geologist and malacologist and M.D. Samuel Dale, (Aug.? - London) 1659-1739 (6 June - Braintree, Essex), in order "to commemorate the labours of Dale, who appears to be the first person that took notice of the Crag fossils".

Dale in the oligochaete name Peosidrilus dalei Erséus, 1992 - see Dale A. Davis.

Dale Straughan in the polychaete name Pileolaria (Nidularia) dalestraughanae Vine, 1972 : (see Straughan).

The W African fish name Xenolepidichthys dalgleishi Gilchrist, 1922, may possibly honour the UK/Indian malacologist John Gordon Dalgleish, 1887-1940, born in India and for some years a tea planter near Darjeeling, later working for many years at the Brighton Municipal Museum.

John William Maule Ramsay, 13th earl of Dalhousie, (29 Jan. - Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire) 1847-1887 (25 Nov.), is honouered in the polychaete name Dalhousiella M'Intosh, 1901. It must be the same Earl, who in 1883 invited M'Intosh to serve on the Trawling Commission under himself (Dalhousie). Possibly, however, the worm instead may have been named after a 21-foot yawl, the "Dalhousie", which must have got its name from this Earl, and from 1886 was used by the St. Andrews laboratory.

Dr. William Healey Dall, (21 Aug. - Boston) 1845-1927 (27 March - Washington, D.C.), U.S. naturalist, who specialized in malacology (describing over 5,300 species), but also made contributions in ornithology, zoology in general, anthropology, oceanography, and paleontology; he published over 1,600 papers, reviews, and commentaries. His father, Reverend Charles Henry Appleton Dall, 1816-1886, was a Harvard-educated Unitarian minister; his mother, Caroline Wells Healey, was a school teacher. His father moved to India in 1855 as a missionary (and remained there until his death), but the family stayed in Massachusetts, where Dall's mother taught school and wrote to support them. In 1862, Dall's father made one of his few brief visits home and introduced young Dall to some naturalists at Harvard, and by the time Dall graduated from high school in 1863, he had developed an interest in mollusks. Louis Agassiz (q.v.) of Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology became his mentor, and others at the museum encouraged young Dall's interest in the little-studied field of American malacology. Taking a job in Chicago, Dall made visits to the Chicago Academy of Sciences Museum, where he met Robert Kennicott ((q.v.) and others. In 1865, Kennicott organized the scientific corps of the Western Union Telegraph Expedition, and with the influence of Spencer F. Baird (q.v.) of the Smithsonian Institution, he was allowed to chose personnel specifically for their qualifications in collecting specimens for the Smithsonian; Kennicott recruited Dall as their expert in invertebrates and fish. The expedition's 1865 season found Dall aboard the schooner Nightingale under Charles Melville Scammon, (28 May) 1825-1911 (2 May), a famous whaler and naturalist, exploring the coast of Siberia; stops included Sitka, Unimak Island, and St. Michael in Alaska, and Plover Bay and Petropavlovsk in Siberia. The 1866 season again found Dall aboard the Nightingale continuing their exploration of the Siberian coast; stops included Plover Bay in Siberia and St. Michael in Alaska. At St. Michael, Dall learned that Robert Kennicott, his idol, had died at Nulato on the Yukon River earlier that year; Dall, then only 21 years old, took over Kennicott's position as director of the expedition's scientific corps. Dall turned his attention from Siberia to finishing Kennicott's Yukon River work; he wintered on the Yukon and was working there when the expedition was cancelled in summer 1867 due to successful completion of a trans-Atlantic cable. Dall continued his work on the Yukon River at his own expense until fall 1868. He then went to work at the Smithsonian, cataloging the thousands of specimens he had collected; in 1870 he published his account of the expedition and summarized the current knowledge about Alaska in "Alaska and Its Resources". Dall was appointed Acting Assistant to the U.S. Coast Survey (renamed the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey in 1878) in 1870 or 1871 and commanded U.S. Coast Survey schooners on reconnaissance survey missions to Alaska in 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874. Dall's official mission was to survey the Alaska coast, but his unofficial mission during the surveys was to acquire specimens, which he collected voluminously, particularly when the Aleutian weather forced his ship to be in a safe harbor. The mollusks, echinoderms, and fossils he collected went to Louis Agassiz at Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology; plants went to Asa Gray at Harvard; archaeological and ethnological material went to the Smithsonian. The U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey and the Smithsonian sent Dall to the 48th meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Dublin, Ireland in August 1878, and he used the opportunity to spend the entire summer in Europe visiting mollusk collections and meeting the most eminent European scholars in the field. Dall married Annette Whitney in 1880, and they lived in Washington DC for the rest of his life. Their multi-city honeymoon terminated in Sitka, Alaska with Annette going home, and Dall beginning his final survey season, the summer 1880 cruise of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey schooner Yukon; the ichthyologist Tarleton Hoffman Bean, (Bainbridge, Pennsylvania) 1846-1916, older brother of B.A. Bean (q.v.), was on board for part of the cruise [Ammocrypta beanii Jordan, 1877, Atherinella beani (Meek & Hildebrand 1923), Cichlasoma beani (Jordan, 1889), Ctenolucius beani (Fowler, 1907), Ophidion beanii Jordan & Gilbert, 1883, Plectromus beanii (Günther, 1887), Poecilopsetta beanii (Goode, 1881), Prionotus beanii Goode, 1896, Serrivomer beani Gill & Ryder, 1883, Cocculina beani Dall, 1882, Scopelogadus beanii (Günther, 1887), Brachioteuthis beanii Verrill, 1881]. In 1884, Dall left the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, having written over 400 papers since publishing "Alaska and Its Resources". He transferred to the newly created U.S. Geological Survey, obtaining a position as paleontologist assigned to the U.S. National Museum studying recent and fossil mollusks. Dall had been an Honorary Curator in the museum's Division of Mollusks and Tertiary Fossils since the time of his return from the Western Union Telegraph Expedition in 1868 (and he would hold that position until his death). As part of his work for the U.S. Geological Survey, Dall made trips to study geology and fossils: northwest (1890, 1892, 1895, 1897, 1901, and 1910), Florida (1891), and Georgia (1893). In his spare time, he studied recent mollusks. Outside his normal duties, Dall was a member of the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899, and he spent two months in Hawaii at the Bishop Museum examining their collection of shells. He contributed to the set of reports of the Harriman Alaska Expedition, including a chapter, "Description and Exploration of Alaska", and Volume 13, "Land and Fresh-water Mollusks". Dall's eminence earned him several honorary degrees: an honorary Master's degree (A.M.) from Wesleyan University of Middletown CT in 1888, an honorary science doctorate (D.Sc.) from the University of Pennsylvania in 1904, and an honorary law doctorate (LL.D.) from George Washington University of Washington DC in 1915. From 1865 he worked at the Smithsonian Institution but was employed at the U.S. Geological Survey 1884-1909 as a palaeontologist [Dallina Beecher, 1895, Dalliella Cossman, 1895, Notoplax dalli Is. & Iw. Taki, 1929, Hanleya dalli Kaas, 1957, Phakellia dalli Lambe, 1900, Turrosipho dalli (Friele in Tryon, 1881), Epitonium dallianum (Verrill & Smith, 1880), Mitrolumna dalli Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1896, Habepegris dalli (Smith, 1885), Cirsotrema dalli Rehder, 1945, Caecum dalli Bartsch, 1920, Circulus dalli Bush, 1897, Scissilabra dalli Bartsch, 1907 Vitrinella dalli (Bartsch, 1911), Alvania dalli Bartsch, 1927, Ganesa dalli Verrill, 1882, Cocculina dalli Verrill, 1884, Acmaea dalliana (Pilsbry, 1891), Haliotis dalli Henderson, 1915, Aclis dalli Bartsch, 1911, Boreotrophon dalli (Kobelt, 1878), Latiaxis dalli Emerson & D'Attilio, 1963, Conus dalli Stearns, 1873, Knefastia dalli Bartsch, 1944, Inodrillia dalli (Verrill & Smith, 1882), Pleurotomella dalli Bush, 1898, Turbonilla dalli Bush, 1899, Glossodoris dalli (Bergh, 1879), Dendronotus dalli Bergh, 1879, Hanleya dalli Kaas, 1957, Nuculana dalli Krause, 1885, Propeamussium dalli (E.A. Smith, 1886), Cuna dalli Vanatta, 1904, Idasola dalli E.A. Smith, 1885, Rhabdus dalli Pilsbry & Sharp, 1897, Siphonodentalium dalli (Pilsbry & Sharp, 1898), Phocoenoides dalli (True, 1885), Pagurus dalli (Benedict, 1892)]. Also the amphipod name Kyska dalli Shoemaker, 1964 is likely a tribute to this worker, who dredged in the Kyska Harbor area among the Aleutes, from which the genus must have got its name. (Don Cunningham very kindly provided all this information about this eminent naturalist). {Picture of Dall / Picture of younger Dall / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi- Savelli}.

Dr. William "Bill" Dall 1926-, M.Sc., Ph.D., D.Sc. University of Queensland, was an early student of Prof. W. Stephenson (q.v.). He revised Australian Penaeidae (1957, Aust. J. Mar. Sci. Res. 8); co-author with A.A. Racek (1965) on northern Australian and New Guinea penaeids. Subsequent research until retirement on biology and physiology of Crustacea, mostly Penaeidae. Since retirement in 1990 has described the Australian Solenoceridae, Aristeidae and Benthesicymidae (1999, 2001, Memoirs of the Queensland Museum) [Metapenaeus dalli Racek, 1957] (no direct relation of W. H. Dall).

Prof. Dr. Karl-Wilhelm von Dalla Torre, (14 July - Kitzbühel, Tyrol) 1850-1928 (6 Apr. - Innsbruck), Austrian zoologist and faunist. He was Professor at the University of Innsbruck and had been a student of Heller (q.v.), and later in turn, Steuer's (q.v.) professor. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Johan Wilhelm Dalman, (4 Nov. - Hinseberg, Örebro län) 1787-1828 (11 July), Swedish physicist and naturalist, M.D. in 1817, employed at the Royal Academy of Science in 1818 as librarian and keeper of the zoological collections, entitled professor in 1823. At first he worked on entomological problems, later on he became a palaeontologist [Charopinus dalmanni (Retzius, 1829)].

The hydroid name Dynamena dalmasi (Versluys, 1899) and the gastropod names Xanthodaphne dalmasi Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1897 and Idasola dalmasi Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1897 are tributes to the French naturalist Raymond, Comte de Dalmas, (5 Feb. - Paris) 1862-1930 (4 Feb. - Paris), who is known i.a. for his expeditions with "Chazalie", his own ship, essentially between 1893-97. He had earlier made a trip around the world and stayed 3 months (Oct. 1882-Jan. 1883) in Japan, later publishing a book about his experiences from this country. Initially his ornithological interest dominated, but became later also interested in entomology and became an authorothy on spiders. He also was an expert chess-player and very interested in trout fishing and photography.

Giorgio Dal Piaz, (29 Mar. - Feltre) 1872-1962 (2 Apr. - Padova), Italian palaeontologist. {Picture / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi- Savelli}.

J. van Dalsum, 19??-, member of the former Dutch mollusca working group, is honoured in the gastropod name Odostomia dalsumi van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998.

Lacking information about Dalton in the isopod name Bathycopea daltonae (Menzies and Barnard, 1959).

Dr. Marymegan Daly, 19??-, Assistant Professor at the Museum of Biological Diversity in Columbus, Ohio, cnidarian specialist (PhD in 2001 at George Washington Univ., Washington, D.C.), mainly interested in Actiniaria, e.g. Edwardsiidae and similar families.

Sir (Baronet) John Graham Dalyell, (Aug.) 1775-1851 (7 June), Scottish (Edinburgh) naturalist and researcher of the ancient. As a child, he fell down from a table in his parent's estate and hit the floor paving so hard that he got paralyzed for the rest of his life. Despite this, he could - thanks to a good economy - through assistance of servants carry on research to the end of his life. His last work was a book in 359 pages published posthumously 1853: "The Powers of the Creator displayed in the creation; or observations on life amidst the various of the humbler tribes of animated nature with practical comments and illustrations" [Dalyellia Flemming, 1822, Neomenia dalyelli Koren & Danielssen, 1877]. He also published on e.g. music from Scotland and his "The Darker Superstitions of Scotland" may have provided background material for E.A. Poe's "The Raven." He had the specimen of Actinia equina collected from Firth of Forth in 1828 (when it was thougt to be at least 7 years old), which after his death was overtaken by prof Fleming, and later by several other caretakers, which during the 1860 was named "Grannie" (later often called Granny) by Adam White (in a newspaper note for children) and this specimen - producing several hundred specimens as offspring during the time in captivity - lived in Edinburgh until 4:th of August 1887.

The fish name Physiculus dalwigkii Kaup, 1858 is likely not named for a person, but for Lake Dalwigk, Solano County, California.

Philippe Désiré Damas, (8 May - Seraing-sur-Meuse (Belgium)) 1877-1959 (23 Apr.), Liège zoologist and embryologist.

Annie J. van Dame (or van Dam), 1???-19??, worked at the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam on galatheid anomurans, publishing on such creatures mainly during the decade before WWII. [ Uroptychus vandamae K. Baba, 1988]. A. lady named Annie van Dam, was born about 1918 in Maassluis and died around 2003 in Leiden - possibly identical with Annetje (but called Annie) van Dam, (16 Apr. - Maasluis) 1913-2002 (10 Oct. - Vlaardingen), but this person may be only a namesake.

The sea urchin name Anabrissus damesi (Agassiz, 1881) Mortensen, 1951may likely honour the German palaeontologist Wihelm Barnim Dames, (9 June) 1843-1898 (22 Dec.), who published "Über Archaeopteryx" in Berlin in 1884,

Dr. David Martin Damkaer, (11 Oct. - Portland, Oregon) 1938-, US - (Danish father, Swedish mother) - copepod worker and historian of this subject, growing up at the coast of Oregon. Educated in Seattle. Between 1965-73 he worked at the Smithsonian Institution on invertebrate collections, travelling much around the world, but returned later to the Seattle area to work at the N.O.A.A.,but retired in 1994 in order to be able to work full time as a copepodology historian. He lives on Cocker Creek near Monroe, Washington. [Damkaeria Fosshagen, 1983, Mimocalanus damkaeri Brodskij, Vyshkvartseva, Kos, & Markhaseva, 1983, Oncaea damkaeri Heron, 1977]. He has been of very good help, in compiling these lists and his book "The Copepodologist's Cabinet" from 2002 is likely the best review written about early naturalists involved in marine biological activities, because it is not solely dealing with pure copepodologists.

William Dampier, (5 Sep. - East Coker, Somerset) 1651-1715 (Nov. - London), British navigator and "pirate" with marine scientific ambitions [Dampieria Castelnau, 1875, Dampierosa Whitley, 1932, Tetradeion dampieri (Berge & Vader 2000) (collected between Port Headland and Dampier, NW Australia, so a toponym rather than a homonym, but the place Dampier must be named for this navigator), Pacifigorgia dampieri Williams & Breedy, 2004].

Antonio José (Bob) da Motta, 1913-2003? (obituary from Oct. 2006 telling that he died almost 3 years ago and that his wife also had died), Macao, cone shell specialist and collector, is honoured in the gastropod name Conus damottai Trovao, 1979. Also his spouse Liza was a malacologist. (Wayne Harland kindly provided da Motta's address).

Donald Dan, 19??-, a very prominent shell dealer who lives in Ft. Myers, Florida, is honoured in the gastropod names Favartia dondani S. Kosuge, 1984, Pterynotus dondani S. Kosuge, 1984, Conus dondani S. Kosuge, 1981, Crenavolva dondani (Cate, 1964) and Homalocantha dondani D' Attilio & S. Kosuge, 1989 (Wayne Harland kindly provided the identification key to etymology of the dondani species).

Morum vicdani Emerson, 1995 was named for Mr. Victor Dan, 19??-, of Manila, amateur conchologist and bonsai tree collector [Haustellum vicdani S. Kosuge, 1980, Homalocantha vicdani D' Attilio & S. Kosuge, 1989, Fissidentalium vicdani Kosuge, 1981, Angaria vicdani Kosuge, 1980, Perotrochus vicdani Kosuge, 1980, Pollia vicdani (Kosuge, 1984), Terebra (Myurella) vicdani Kosuge, 1981, Oliva vicdani de Motta, 1982, Notadusta vicdani Lan, 1985, Siphonofusus vicdani Kosuge, 1992, Metula vicdani Kosuge, 1989, Scabricula vicdani Cernohorsky, 1981, Calliostoma (Kombologion) vicdani Kosuge, 1984, Conus (Rhizoconus) sugimotonis vicdani Lan, 1978, Cantharus vicdani Kosuge, 1984, Lyria (Lyria) vicdani Kosuge, 1981, Latiaxis vicdani Kosuge, 1980, Siratus vicdani Kosuge, 1980]. A malacologist namesake from the US/Philippines is Donald Hongfok Yin Dan, 1938-, likely a relative.

James Dwight Dana, (12 Feb. - Utica, New York) 1813-1895 (14 Apr. - New Haven, Connecticut), mineralogist and geologist; professor at Yale University; took between 1838-42 part of the U.S. Exploring Expedition in the Pacific (a five vessel fleet mission under the command of Liutenant Charles Wilkes, (3 Apr.) 1798-1877 (8 Feb.); they discovered that the southernmost land mass was a continent and Wilkes named it Antarctica) and after the departure in 1840 of one of the zoologists of the expedition, Couthouy (q.v.) , Dana took responsibility for part of the zoological collections and described several taxa, mainly anthozoans and pelagical crustaceans from this expedition [Danafungia Wells, 1966, Fungia (Danafungia) danai Milne Edwards & Haime, 1860, Maera danae Stimpson, 1853, Pandalus danae Stimpson, 1857, Lebrunia danae Pax, 1910, Haemocera danae Malaquin, 1901, Acartia danae Giesbrecht, 1889, Funchalia danae Burkenroad, 1940, Callinectes danae Smith, 1869, Nikoides danae Paulson, 1875, Pyrgocythara danae (Dall, 1919), Octopoteuthis danae Joubin, 1931, Alloposus danai Joubin, 1929, Drechselia danae Joubin, 1931, Echinoteuthis danae Joubin, 1933, Ophiothela danae Verrill, likely Clibanarius danai Rahayu & Forest, Montipora danae (Milne Edwards & Haime), Pavona danai (Milne Edwards & Haime, 18?6), Favia danae Verrill, 1872, Acropora danai (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1860), Trapezia danai Ward, 1939]. His scientific expedition colleagues were i.a. Dr. Charles Pickering, (10 Nov. - Starucca Creek, PA) 1805-1878 (17 Mar.), J.P. Couthouy (q.v.), the zoologist Titian Ramsay Peale, (17 Nov.) 1799-1885 (13 Mar.), the botanist William Rich, 1800-1864 [Odostomia richi Dall & Bartsch, 1909, Pugettia richii Dana] and the botanist William Breckenridge, 1810-1893. (See Stimpson for the fate of much of the type material from the expedition and see Peale for T.R. Peale's father).

Richard Henry Dana jr., (1 Aug. - Cambridge, Mass.) 1815-1882 (6 Jan. - Rome), US lawyer (expert on maritime law and an antislavery activist), who in his youth undertook a sea voyage and published "Two years before the mast". He had a son bearing the same name as he. [Terebra danai Berry, 1958].

Stanley Peter Dance, 1932-, Nat. Mus. of Wales, Cardiff, UK, has published several books and articles on shell collecting, natural history illustrations and it's history [Phenacovolva dancei Cate, 1973].

Dr. Paul Dando, 19??-, Professor of Marine Biology at Univ. of Wales, Bangor.

Pierre Clement Augustin Dangeard, (23 Nov. - Ségrie) 1862-1947 (10 Nov. - Ségrie), French botanist, working i.a. on algae and marine fungi. Another algae researcher, Pierre Jean Louis Dangeard, (18 Feb. - Poitiers) 1895-1970 (Pléneuf), who took part in expeditions with Charcot's Pourquoi pas?, is his son.

Lacking information about Daniel in the nematode name Papillonema danieli Verschelde, D, Muthumbi, A & Vincx, M, 1995.

Daniel in Syllis danieli : (See Daniel Martin).

Who is Daniela in the copepod name Phyllopodopsyllus danielae Bodin, 1964?

Lorenzo Eugene Daniels, (4 Mar.) 1852-1918 (23 Oct.), US (Illinois) limnic ands terrestrial species Malacologist.

Dr. Daniel Cornelius Danielssen, (4 July - Bergen) 1815-1894 (13 July - Bergen), Norwegian senior physician (dermatologist) and zoologist [Danielssenia Boeck, 1872, Epizoanthus danielsseni Carlgren, 1913, Mohnia (Tacita) danielsseni (Friele, 1879), Lophorodoris danielsseni Friele & Hansen, 1876] (like the author (1882) of Myriochele danielsseni Dr. Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen, (29 July - Bergen) 1841-1912 (12 Feb. - Florø), renowned as the discoverer of the leprosy bacillum (and son-in-law of Danielssen), but also worked on marine animals, mainly sponges and polychaetes; he wrote e.g. the polychaete part from the Norwegian North Atlantic expedition and he worked on the molluscs from the Norwegian North Atlantic Expedition together with Friele (q.v.). From 1894 until his death Hansen was the Secretary General of the Bergen Museum) [Crella hanseni (Topsent, 1892)].

Adolphe Danigo, 19??-, engineer on board R.V. "Alis" during deep-sea cruises in New Caledonia [Cyathomorula danigoi Houart, 1990].

Haustellum danilai Houart 1992 & Conus danilai Röckel & Korn, 1990 are named for Dr. Henrikas Danila, 19??-, from Klaipeda, Lithuania, malacologist, who provided material, at least of the Conus species [Danilacarina Bozzetti 1997 (a junior synonym of Aforia Dall 1889)].

Lacking information about B. Danilevski (or Danilewsky), in the amphipod name Caprella danilevskii Czerniavsky, 1868. Danilewsky published (in German) on the action of cocain on invertebrates in 1892. A later namesake was N.N. Danilevsky, 1904-1980, Russian fisheries oceanographer, after whom the seamount Danilevsky (38°32'S, 47°42'E) is named.

Captain Gunder Mathiesen Dannevig, (26 Oct. - Eide (now Grimstad)) 1841-1911 (19 Sep. - Hisøy (now Arendal)), founded (after that G.O. Sars had succeeded to hatch cod's eggs in Petri dishes) the Flødevigen fish hatchery (South Norway) in 1860 [Heterolepas dannevigi Broch, 1922, Tubercliopsis dannevigi Ch. Hedley, 1911]. His son Alf Nicolai Dannevig, (1 May) 1886-1960 (12 Sep.), succeded him as director of the hatchery at Flødevigen in 1911, a position he held until his retirement in 1957 [Sepia dannevigi Berry, 1918].

The tunicate name Hexadactylus ledanoisi Monniot & Monniot, 1990 is likely honouring Dr. Edouard Le Danois, (8 Apr. - Brest) 1887-1968 (11 June - Saint-Germain-en-Laye), who published "Fishes of the World" (Engl. translation in 1957) and took part in an expedition in the English Channel with "La Perche".

The isopod name Munella danteci Bonnier, 1896 is honouring Felix Alexandre Le Dantec, (16 Jan. - Plougastel-Daoulas) 1869-1917 (6 June - Paris), a much-published French philosopher of biology. He wrote the biographies of his teacher Alfred Giard (q.v.) and his friend Jules Bonnier (q.v.). (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided this information).

María C. Daponte, 19??-, Argentinian planktonic tunicata researcher.

Prof. Jean Gaston Darboux, (13 Aug.) 1870-1921 (Feb.), French zoologist. Director of Laboratoire Marion between 1919-21. He published i.a. a thick paper on aphroditid polychaetes in 1899 [Malmgrenia darbouxi Pettibone, 1993]. He should not be confused with his much better known exact namesake, a French mathematician living betrween 1842-1917, possibly a relative (father?).

Lacking information about Daria? in the gastropod name Orbitestella dariae Liuzzi & Zucchi Stolfa, 1979.

Lacking information about Dario in the Brazil polyplacophoran name Leptochiton darioi G. Righi, 1973.

Lacking information about Darkin in the gastropod name Conus darkini Rockel, Korn & Richard, 1993. However, possibly a tribute to Valeriy Borisovich Darkin, 19??-, shell collector and underwater photographer from Vladivostok, married to Svetlana Mikhailovna Darkina, 19??-, also she interested in malacology.

Dr. Thomas A. Darragh, around 1941-, palaeontologist interested in molluscs, director, N.M.V., Melbourne, Victoria, retired from 2001 on. [Heliacus darraghi Garrard, 1977, Dermomurex darraghi Vokes, 1985].

Lacking information about Dardan in the isopod name Asymmetrione dardani Bourdon, 1968.

Dr. Edmond Dartevelle, 1907-1956, Curator of mollusks at the "Musée Royale du Congo Belge" in Tervuren, Belgium [Trivia dartevellei Knudsen, 1955, Lysianassa dartevilli Ruffo, 1953, Dischides dartevellei Nicklès, 1979].

Pacifidrilus darwelli (Erséus, 1984) is named for Dr. Brian Darwell, 19??-, "(University of Hong Kong), principal leader of the diving teams assisting me in Hong Kong". Trapania darvelli Rudman, 1987, honouring Brian W. Darvell, Professor in Dental Materials Science in Hong Kong, must be the same person - and the last spelling is the correct one.

Charles Robert Darwin, (12 Feb. - Shrewsbury) 1809-1882 (19 Apr. - Down, Kent), renowned English naturalist and Cirriped monographer, cousin of the inheritance researcher Sir Francis Galton, (16 Feb. - Birmingham) 1822-1911 (17 Jan. - Haslemere, Surrey), who i..a. coined the word eugenics and confirmed the uniqueness and permanence of individual fingerprints. Darwin's interest in marine fauna was probably awakened when he often joined his medical teacher in Edinburgh, Robert Grant (q.v.), to collect animals for dissection from the tidal pools. Grant also introduced his pupils to de Lamarck's theories. Also influences from the evolution ideas (e.g. expressed in "Zoonomia" 1796-98) of his grandfather Dr. Erasmus Darwin, (12 Dec. - Elston Hall, Nottinghamshire) 1731-1802 (18 Apr. - Derby), physician in Lichfield, of course also was in the luggage of the grandson. C. Darwin began thinking about the mechanisms behind evolution during the circumnavigation between 1832-37 with H.M.S. "Beagle", commanded by Vice-admiral Robert FitzRoy, (5 July - Ampton, Suffolk) 1805-1865 (30 Apr. - London (by suicide)), who also was a hydrographer and meteorologist and became Darwin's friend. (FitzRoy had engaged the young C. Darwin to take part of the trip mainly as an intellectual conversation partner with some basic natural science education, not really as a fully feathered naturalist) [Lagenorhynchus obscurus fitzroyi (Waterhouse, 1836)]. After the circumnavigation, Darwin suffered from weak health, likely caused by Chaga's disease after landings in South America, but could slowly write his books, thanks to much practical help from the loving wife Emma. They had married a few years after his return. When not writing, corresponding or making natural observations, he liked to read short stories with happy end, play backgammon with his wife, play with his dog Polly, etc. He was also a heavy user of snuff. From the son's, Sir Francis Darwin, biography of his father is it clear that, although Charles for a long period believed in God, he thought very little about religion until 1870, when he turned agnostic (like several of his advocates, Huxley, Haeckel, etc.) and remained so for the rest of his life. Certain contemporaries (e.g. the philosopher and compiler of scientific knowledge Herbert Spencer, (27 Apr. - Derby) 1820-1903 (8 Dec. - Brighton), "the English Aristotle") advocated biological evolution before Darwin (and e.g. coined the expression "survival of the fittest" in 1852), but the explanation behind (Natural Selection) belongs to Darwin (and Alfred Russel Wallace, (8 Jan. - Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales) 1823-1913 (7 Nov. - Broadstone, Dorset, England), who arrived at a similar conclusion more or less at the same time) and the heredity laws were discovered by their contemporary Gregor Johann Mendel, (22 July - Heizendorf) 1822-1884 (6 Jan.- after a long time's suffereing from chronic nephritis), an Austrian experimenting with plants in the Augustinian monastery in Brünn (Brno) where he had began in 1843 (and added Gregor to tis baptized name Johann) and became Abbot after the former Abbot and his spiritual mentor Franz Cyrill Napp, 1792-1867. Mendel also had other mentors and. i.a. corresponded for many years with von Nägeli (q.v.). [Darwinia Bate, 1857, Darwinella Müller, 1865, Darwinula Brady & Norman, 1889, Thecacera darwini Pruvot-Fol, 1950, Berthelinia darwini Jensen, 1997 (named for Darwin, Australia), Verruca darwini Pilsbry, 1907, Cylindrolepas darwini Pilsbry, 1916, Pteronema darwini Haeckel, 1879, Gephyroberyx darwini (Johnson, 1866), Trianguloscalpellum darwini (Hoek, 1883), Sapphirina darwini Haeckel, 1864, Manzonia darwini Moolenbeek & Faber, 1987, Nettastomella darwinii (Sowerby, 1849), Lagisca darwini M'Intosh, 1885, Clathrina darwinii Haeckel, Eupistella darwini (M'Intosh, 1885), Pacifigorgia darwini (Hickson, 1928), Gorgoderina darwini Mañé-Garzón & González, 1978. (These authors found this trematode in urinary bladder of Darwin's frog Melanophryniscus stelzneri)]. (The latest eponym kindly added by Prof. A. Gaevskaya, Sevastopol).

The shrimp name Dasella Lebour, 1945 is a replacement name for Dasia Lebour, 1939: "after the dicoverer, S.M. Das, 19??-, University of Lucknow & Kashmir Univ., India, specialist in Ascidia". Das was active at least until 1984. (Dr. A.J. Bruce kindly supplied this information).

Petter Dass, (Nord-Herøy) 1647-1707 (18 Sep. - Alstahaug), Norwegian clergyman interested in natural history, in 1739 posthumously publishing "Nordlands Trompet", in which Norwegian fisheries, several sea fishes and sea birds are described.

Daubenton : (see Buffon).

François Marie Daudin, (25 Mar. - Paris) 1774-1804 (Paris), French naturalist and malacologist. His legs were paralyzed from a childhood disease, so he was helped on excursions by his wife Adèle, but she died from tbc in early 1804 and he died soon after, not even 30 years old.

The gastropod name Conus daullei H. Crosse, 1858 was reported from Mayotte (close to Madagascar) by M. Daullé, 18??-1???, "chirurgien de la marine, à qui je me fais un plaisir de la dédier". This Daullé was also a "membre de la Société zoologique de la Réunion".

Lacking information about Mr. Wolfgang Daum, 19??-, in the reef lobster name Enoplometopus daumi Holthuis, 1983. Daum had in 1982 wrongly named it Enoplometopus pictus in an Aquarium journal, but it was not the species described by A. Milne-Edwards, 1862, so Holthuis renamed it in this way.

Philippe Dautzenberg, (20 Dec. - Ixelles) 1849-1935 (9 May - Paris), essential Belgian-French malacologist [Dautzenbergia Chevreux, 1900, Biemna dautzenbergi Topsent, 1892, Berthella dautzenbergi Watson, 1897, Phyllidiopsis dautzenbergi (Vayssiere, 1912), Drillia (Clathrodrillia) dautzenbergi Tippett, 1995, Colus dautzenbergii (Dall, 1916), Conus fuscatus dautzenbergi Fenaux, 1942, Astrosansonia dautzenbergi (Bavay, 1917)].

Prof. Jean-Claude Dauvin, 1952-, Professeur à l'Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille & Directeur du Département Station Marine de Wimereux et de l'UPRES A 8013 ELICO, Station Marine, Wimereux, France, who is working on the ecology of soft bottoms, is honoured in the bivalve name Dacrydium dauvini Salas & Gofas, 1997.

Lacking information about Davenport in the nudibranch name Polycerella davenporti Balch, 1899, but perhaps the US naturalist Dr. Charles Benedict Davenport, (1 June) 1866-1944 (18 Feb.), from 1910 director of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, may be the honoured person?

Lacking information about David in the chaetognath name Heterokrohnia davidi Casanova, 1986, but possibly a tribute to the author's forerunner in naming chaetognaths, David Krohn (q.v.)?

Pierre Timon-David, 19??-, Marseilles, is honoured in the digenean names Galactosomum timondavidi Pearson & Prévot, 1971 and Parvatrema timondavidi Bartoli, 1983.

Konstantin Nikolaevich Davidoff (or Davydov / Davydoff / Dawydoff), (18/30 Dec. - Tver) 1877-1960 (21 June - Paris), Russian born zoologist, who in 1922 emigrated to France. He published on several marine invertebrate groups, especially Ctenophora. There is also a Mikhail M. Davidoff (sometimes Davidov), (St Petersburg) 1853-1933, with the same fate. They were distant relatives and were booth connected with the Station Zoologique de Villefranche-sur-Mer, although K.N. only as a guest researcher. Mikhail, who from chilhood spent much time in Europe and had studied music in Paris and Leipzig between 1860-64 and then at the Moscow Conservatory, but after becoming aquainted with Darwin's theories he gave up music, becoming a student of Ernst Haeckel (q.v.) at Jena, then of Gegenbaur (q.v:) & Bütschli (q.v.) in Heidelberg, where he achieved his PhD, but left for the München Univ., where he worked at the Institute of Embryology and Histology, visiting the Naples marine station several times, where he became a friend of Korotneff, who told him to go to Villefranche, which he did in 1895. He became the Vice-Director for the Russian station at Villefranche, and in 1915 (after Korotneff's death) the Director, but due to health problems (senility) from 1924-25 on, Tregouboff inofficialy replaced him. (K.N. Davidoff's widow A.U. Davydoffa, characterized Tregouboff as she had met him in 1925 as "a quite unpleasant man, always drunk and very rude, especially with Russians") [Discosoma dawydoffi Carlgren, 1943, Paracondylactis dawydoffi Carlgren, 1943, Eunicella dawydoffi Stiasny, 1938, Conchophrys davidoffi Chatton, Bopyrissa dawydoffi (Codreanu & Codreanu, 1963)] (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided some of the information about M. Davidoff).

Thomas Davidson, (17 May - Midlothian) 1817-1885 (14 Oct. - Brighton), Scottish palaeontologist and brachiopod worker, is honoured in the brachiopod name Zygonaria davidsoni (Adams, 1867).

The bivalve name Propeamussium davidsoni (Dall, 1897) was named for "Professor George Davidson", (9 May - Nottingham, England) 1825-1911 (1 Dec. - San Francisco), "the distinguished geographer and astronomer", who in 1832 arrived to USA with his parents, about whom more information may be found here. Several mounts, seamounts, banks and glaciers are also waring his name. (David Hollombe, Los Angeles kindly provided this information).

Peter J.F. Davie, 1955-, Senior Curator of Crustacea at the Queensland Museum, Brisbane, and a past-president of the Australian Marine Conservation Society. He has written nearly 60 scientific papers and has written, co-edited and contributed to a number of books. His research is centred on the taxonomy and classification of marine crabs. He is honoured in the crab names Latreillopsis daviei Guinot & Richer de Forges, 1995, Tymolus daviei Tavares, 1997, Neosarmatium daviei Schubart & Ng, 2002, the stomatopod mame Clorida daviei Ahyong, 2001, the cumacean name Cyclaspis daviei Tafe & Greenwood, 1996 and the mysid name Gastrosaccus daviei Bacescu & Udrescu, 1982.

Lacking information about Davies in the deepwater stingray name Plesiobatis daviesi (Wallace 1967).

The Rev. Hugh Davies, (3 Apr. - Llandyfrydog , Anglesey) 1739-1821 (16 Feb. - Beaumaris), F.L.S. (from 1790), Welsh botanist, who published i.a. on algae, friend of Pennant (q.v.), Turner (q.v.), Dillwyn (q.v.), etc [Audouinella daviesii (Dillwyn, 1809) Woelkerling, 1971].

David Herbert Davies, (21 Mar. - Johannesburg) 1922-1965 (3 Nov. - Pretoria), South African marine biologist.

Don Pedro Francisco (Franco) Dávila, 1711-1787, Malacologists active in Peru (now Equador) of Spanish/French? origin and first director of "Real Gabinete de Historia Natural fundado por Carlos III".

Prof. Dr. Charles Carroll "Chuck" Davis, (24 Nov.) 1911-2004 (2 Feb.), from USA was supervised by Kincaid (q.v.) during the late 1940s for his PhD on plankton copepods. He and his family in 1968 moved to Canada where he received a professorship at the Univ. of Newfoundland, until retirement in 1977, but kept on working there every working day until the end of his life, often together with his co-worker and wife Sally Davis. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided some of this information)

The Myxozoan name Davisia Laird, 1953 (homonym) is honouring Herbert Spencer Davis, (Oneida, New York) 1875-1958 (15 July - Orlando, Florida), US fisheries specialist dedicated to fish pathology, who published at least until 1953. (André Trombeta kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about J. Davis in the isopod name Janiralata davisi Menzies, 1951. The species was collected in 1947 by Mr. Davis from Carmel Cove, the Monterey area.

Lacking information about Johannes Davis? in the west Indian Ocean skate name Dipturus johannisdavisi (Alcock, 1899). A British malacologist named J.W. Davis, 1846-93, may or may not be identical with the honoured person.

Mexidrilus davisi (Erséus, 1984) and Peosidrilus dalei Erséus, 1992 is named for Mr. Dale A. Davis, 19??-, "(Battelle New England Marine Research Laboratory, later Washington State Dep. of Ecology, Olympia, Washington, USA ), who very kindly provided the material from Georges Bank".

John Davis, (Sandridge, Dartmouth - baptized in Oct. 1543) 1543?-1605 (29 Dec. - off the Malay peninsula (killed by Japanese pirates)), the English navigator who i.a. discovered the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) in 1592. He much looked for a Northwest Passage and Davis Strait is named for him. [Davisia Cooper & Preston, 1910, Cosmetirella davisii (Browne, 1902)].

Mrs Linda Davis, 19??-, South Africa, helped the author of Amalda lindae Kilburn, 1993.

Ms. Sally Davis, 19??-, the California Dept. of Fish and Game, "who first brought these animals to our attention", is honoured in the copepod name Oithona davisae Ferrari & Orsi, 1984.

Lacking information about Davis in the foraminiferan name Fursenkoina davisi (Chapman & Parr, 1931).

Regarding the nudibranch name Dendrodoris davisi Allan, 1933: "Specimens of this species have been collected under stones in rock pools in the last few years…, and at Bulli N. S. Wales (Mr. (later Dr.) H.F. Consett Davis (at the Univ. of Sydney), Mr. F. D. McCarthy, and self)." Davis seem to have been a victim of WWII acting as soldier. A Mrs. Consett-Davis collected herbs between 1938-50, likely his wife from 1936 on (Dorothy) Gwenda Louise Rodway. They had married in Burwood, New South Wales and managed to get one son and two daughters before he died. Dr. Harrold Fosbery Consett Davis, 1913 -1944, is thus this person. (Dr. Gary McDonald, Santa Cruz, California kindly provided much of this information).

William Thompson Davis, (New Brighton) 1862-1945, US east coast (Staten Island) Malacologist, Entomologist and local Historian.

Dawn : (see Batten).

The "zealous and intelligent conchologist" Mr. Robert Dawson, 18??-1???, first collected Altenaeum dawsoni (Jeffreys, 1864) at the Aberdeenshire coast. He may possibly, but perhaps not very likely because of his age, be identical with M.A. '05, B. Sc. Robert Dawson, a Royal Engineer, who was killed in action during WW1 on 28:th June 1916.

Sir John William Dawson, (30 Oct. - Pictou, Nova Scotia) 1820-1899 (20 Nov. - Montreal), from Canada, geologist and a leading anti-Darwinist, who also collected and treated much marine material of invertebrates, mainly from Nova Scotia and Gulf of St Lawrence. His son Dr. George Mercer Dawson, (1 Aug. - Pictou, Nova Scotia) 1849-1901 (2 Mar. - Ottawa, by acute bronchitis), who 11 years old had contracted Pott's disease (a spine tuberculosis, deforming his back and made him stop growing so he only became as long as a 12 year-old boy) is honoured in e.g. the ostracod name Cythere dawsoni Brady, 1870 (= Cythereis dawsoni (Brady,1870) = Puriana dawsoni (Brady,1870) = Actinocythereis dawsoni (Brady,1870), dredged together with several other ostracod species in the Gulf of St Lawrence) became a director of the Geological Survey of Canada (expeditions to parts of Canada giving names as Dawson City and Dawson Creek after him) and did also collect marine invertebrates, partly sent to Verrill (see Bush) [Solaster dawsoni Verrill, 1878, possibly Peponocyathus dawsoni Cairns, 1995, Rhabdocalyptus dawsoni (Lambe 1893)]. William Bell Dawson, 1854-1944, is another marine scientist - however perhaps mostly known as an engineer - namesake from Canada, who is more or less simultaneous. (Prof. Eugen Karl Kempf kindly provided the ostracod name etymology).

The Callianassidae genus Dawsonius Manning & Felder, 1991 is in honour of C.E. Dawson, 19??-, who in 1967 described the type species from Gulf of Mexico.

Dr. Elmer Yale Dawson, 1918-1966 (22 June - Red Sea (where he drowned while diving for seaweeds)), US very productive Phycologist. PhD at Univ. of Cal. (Berkeley) in 1942. He was mainly interested in red algae.

Dawydoff : (see Davidoff).

Dr. Francis Day, (2 Mar. - Maresfield, Sussex) 1829-1889 (10 July - Cheltenham (by stomach cancer)), British military surgeon, who in 1880-84 published a monumental book on British fishes in 2 volumes and before that had published "The Fishes of India, ..." between 1875--78. Day had been Deputy Surgeon-General in the Madras Army, later General of Fisheries in India, before he returned to Cheltenham in England after having retired in 1877.

Prof. Dr. John Hemsworth Osborne-Day, (25 Aug. - Sussex, England) 1909-1989 (24 Apr. - Knysna, South Africa), well-known Cape Town marine biologist, particularly polychaetologist [Polybranchiorhynchus dayi Gibson, 1977, Glycera dayi O'Connor, 1987, Lygdamis dayi Kirtley, 1994, Dayellus Inglis, 1964 , Dayellus dayi Inglis, 1964, Siphonosoma dayi Stephen, 1942, Asteropterygion dayi Kornicker, 1981, Scoloplos (Scoloplos) dayi Hartmann-Schröder, 1980, Aonidella dayi Maciolek in López-Jamar, 1989, Cavernularia dayi Tixier-Durivault, 1954].

Mr. Fernando G. Dayrit , 19??-2007, shell collector and dealer from Manila, the Philippines [Blasicrura dayritiana (Cate, 1963), Cypraea fernandoi (Cate, 1969), Conus dayriti D. Röckel & A. J. da Motta, 1983, Paralbunea dayriti (Serène & Umali, 1965)]. His grandson Ryan Christopher C. Dayrit is also in the same business.

The leptostracan crustacean Nebalia daytoni (Vetter, 1996) is named after Paul Dayton, 1941- , a distinguished marine ecologist at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. (The Director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library, Peter Brueggeman, kindly provided this information). An earlier namesake was the US Malacologist Charles Austin Dayton, 18??-1907.

Lacking information about Dean in the sipunculoid name Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) deani (Ikeda, 1905), but perhaps Dr. Bashford Dean, (28 Oct. - New York City) 1867-1928 (6 Dec. - Battle Creek, Michigan (died in an emergency surgery, when lecturing in Michigan)), who published "Fishes, living and fossil..." in New York in 1895 may be the honoured person? Beside ichthyology (curator at the American Museum of Nat. Hist. between 1903-26) he became an expert in historical arms and armor and served as a great collector of such things also at the Metropolitan Museum. (During WWI he developed a helmet for the US army, which however was rejected, but during WWII, a development of his helmet was used by the army). He is at least likely the person honoured in the hagfish name Eptatretus deani (Evermann & Goldsborough, 1907). An earlier US namesake was the amateur malacologist George W. Dean, 1820-1901, from Ohio.

David Dean, (12 Nov. - Paterson, New Jersey) 1926-1991 (26 Apr.), U.S. polychaetologist.

Dr. John Holmes Dearborn, 1933-, of Stanford Univ. (later Professor of Zoology at Univ. of Maine, Orono, retired in 1999, but continuing as Prof. Em.), a specialist in Echinodermata, detected the bivalve Thyasira dearborni Nicol, 1965 off Coulman Island in the Ross Sea. Also the Zoarcid fish name Lycodichthys dearborni (DeWitt, 1962) is in his honour, as is the polychaete name Harmothoe dearborni Pettibone, 1965.

Abbé Michel Alexandre De Baize : (see Baize)

Jean Odon Debeaux, (6 Aug. - Agen) 1826-1910 (20 Feb. - Toulose), father of Gaston-Étienne-Albert Debaux, 1866-1902, French malacologists active in Algeria and other parts of northern Africa. The father was an army pharmacologist, botanist and malacologist, mainly collecting in China and northern Africa and partly publishing together with Crosse (q.v.). [Sphincterochila debeauxi (Kobelt 1881)] Also some botanical names and possibly some insect names are in honour of Debeaux Sr. (The web site "2400 years of Malacology" say that G.É.A. Debeaux' father Odon died in 1868 referring to "a list of those who died in 1868" in a Nécrologie by H. Crosse and P. Fischer, but this must likely be some kind of misunderstanding, because there was likely not two different malacologists during that era by the name Odon Debeaux).

Helmut Debelius, 1947-, Frankfurt naturalist (who actually started his career as a policeman (becaus his father had the same profession)), who has published several books about crustaceans, fish and other marine creatures with lots of SCUBA photographs of the creatures. He now lives in Neu-Bamberg. [Lysmata debelius Bruce 1983, Enoplometopus debelius Holthuis, 1983, Hippocampus debelius Gomon & Kuiter, 2009].

Debenham in the bivalve name Bankia debenhami T. Iredale, 1932 : (see the Terra Nova expedition 1910-).

Thijs W. de Boer, 19??-, the Netherlands, collected the shells of the gastropod names Alvania deboeri de Jong & Coomans, 1988 and Turbonilla deboeri de Jong & Coomans, 1988, the last one in Aruba.

Lacking information about Debrouwer or de Brouwer in the polychaete name Ampharete debrouweri Jeldes & Lefevre, 1959.

The gastropod name Pteropurpura debruini F. Lorenz Jr., 1989 is likely a tribute to the malacologist Bruno de Bruin, 19??-, of Namibia & South Africa.

Anton de Bruyne , (Middelburg) 1840-19??, "Schiffslieutenant der Niederländischen Marine, der den Willem-Barents während der zwei ersten Fahrten commandirt hat", is honoured in the amphipod name Anonyx debruynii Hoek, 1882.

Lacking information about the apusomonadid name Amastigomonas debruynei De Saedeleer, 1931, but likely a tribute to C. de Bruyne, 18??-19??, "Assistant à l'Université, Professeur à l'École normale de l'Etat à Gand."

Joseph Decaisne, (7 Mar. - Brussels) 1807-1882 (Jan. - Paris), botanist / algologist at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle in Paris. Several plant names is in his honour.

William Henry DeCamp, 1825-1898 (4 July), US Malacologist.

Raymond Decary , (Méry-sur-Seine (Aube)) 1891-1973 (Paris), French botanist, ethnologist and general collector in the Madagascar area, is honoured in the echinoderm name Cucumella decaryi Cherbonnier, 1988 (collected by Decary in Madagascar) and in the octocoral name Sarcophyton decaryi (Tixier-Durivault, 1948). He also has several plant names in his honour.

Alain "Linus" De Chambrier, (20 Apr.) 1950-, specialist on Proteocephalid Cestodes in the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Genève, Switzerland [Probothriocephalus alaini Scholz & Bray, 2001 also several non marine organisms are named for him: Mixojapyx dechambrieri Pagès, 1977 (Japygoidea), Oppia dechambrierorum Mahunka, 1983 (Acari), Oribatella dechambrieri Mahunka, 1983 (Acari), Acaroceras dechambrieri Mahunka, 1983 (Acari), Mochlozetes chambrieri Mahunka, 1990 (Acari), Bythinoplectus dechambrieri Comellini, 1985 (Coleoptera), Travassosinema dechambrieri Adamson, 1987 (Nematoda), Linustrongylus pteronoti Vaucher & Durette-Desset, 1986 (Nematoda), Oswaldocruzia chambrieri Ben Slimane & Durette-Desset, 1993 (Nematoda), Chambriella Rego 1999 (Cestoda from fresh water fish), Parvirostrum linusi Georgiev & Vaucher, 2001 (Cestoda), Probothriocephalus alaini Scholz & Bray, 2001 (Cestoda) ]. (Prof. Jean-Lou Justine, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, kindly provided this information).

Dechancé : (see de Saint Laurent).

De Coninck : (see Coninck).

Prof. Wilfrida Ida Decraemer, (4 Oct.) 1950-, Belgian (Brüssel) nematode researcher, interested i.a. in some odd free-living marine families.

Dr A. H. B. De Decker, 19??-, South African plankton researcher, is honoured in the octocoral name Cavernularia dedeckeri Williams, 1989.

Calliostoma dedonderi Vilvens, 2000 is named for the Belgian malacologist and shell dealer Mr. Fernand Dedonder, (29 May) 1954-. He and his wife Rika Dedonder, 1965-, (born Goethaels), who is also an interested collector, are honoured in Zetela dedonderorum Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006. (G. Poppe kindly provided one of the eponyms).

Georgiana Baxter Deevey, (24 Feb. - Pine Orchard, Connecticut) 1914-1982 (9 Jan.), US Copepodologist and ostracodologist, at WHOI in 1943-46, then at Yale, visiting Laboratorio Costero de Investigaciones Pesqueras at Grao, Castellon, Spain, in 1957, guest at the Dept. of Zoology, Univ. of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand in 1964-65, while on the staff of the Bermuda Biological Station, she worked at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada, between 1969-71 and after this at the Florida State Museum in Gainsville, Florida [Bathyconchoecia deeveyae Kornicker, 1970]. (Obituary in Monoculus 5)

The cephalopod name Octopus defilippi Vérany, 1851 and the polyplacophoran name Acanthochitona defilippii C. E. Tapparone-Canefri, 1874 must likely honour the Italian zoologist Prof. Filippo De Filippi, (20 Apr. - Pavia) 1814-1867 (9 Feb. - Hong Kong, by dysentery and liver problems during a circumnavigation with the warship Magenta (but his assistant Prof. Giglioli (q.v.) survived and fulfilled the trip)), who worked in Turin.

Lacking information about Defiore (or De Fiore) in the Mediterranean ostracod name Hemicytherura defiorei Ruggieri, 1953 and in the Brazil mollusc name Olivella defiorei Klappenbach, 1964, but possinly both names may be in honour of the Sicilian vulcanologist Baron Ottorino De Fiore di Cropani, 18??-19??, who went to Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 1938.

Professor Georges Victor Deflandre, (18 Mar.) 1897-1973 (17 June), French protistologist & micropalaeontologist at Muséum National d'Historie Naturelle, Paris [Prorodon deflandrei Dragesco, 1954, Verticiplagia deflandrei Dumitrica, 2004].

Marthe Deflandre-Rigaud, (29 July) 1902-1987 (17 Dec.), French micropalaeontologist, working i.a. on holothuroid sclerites, is honoured in the holothuroid name Staurocaudina rigaudae; (Mostler 1970). She was married to G. Deflandre (above).

de Forges : (see Richer de Forges).

The bryozooan name Defrancia Bronn, 1825 may likely be a tribute to Jacques Louis Marin Defrance, (22 Oct. - Caen) 1758-1850, French malacologist and paleontologist (rather industrious and careful), who also described some bryozoan taxa, living at Sceaux near Paris (and working as a civil servant at the French finance ministry), who published "Tableau des Corps organisés fossiles, précédé de remarques sur leur pétrification", Paris & Strasbourg, 1824. (His collections in Caen was destroyed by allied bombings in 1944).

Lacking information about De Freitas in the copepod name Peltidium defreitasi Wells, 1967.

Lacking information about the collector Daniel Degadt, 19??-, in the flatworm name Minona degadti Martens, 1983, but likely from Belgium (or the Netherlands), because the author is Belgian.

Baron Carl (Charles) DeGeer, (10 Feb. - Finspong) 1720-1778 (7 Mar.), Swedish entomologist, who during his youth was educated in the Netherlands, but returned back to Sweden in 1739. Seventeen years old (the same year he started to publish on entomology) he inherited Lövsta Gård and became the richest person in Sweden. He never published on really marine animals, but on entomological taxa, including such of maritime origin.

Dr. Gunnar Bror Fritiof Degelius (né Nilsson - mother's family name Degerholm), (27 Jan. - Uppsala) 1903-1993 (22 July - Göteborg), Swedish botanist and lichenologist in Göteborg [Verrucaria degelii Rolf Santesson, 1939].

Elysia degeneri Østergaard, 1955 was named for the botanist Otto Degener, (13 May - East Orange, New Jersey) 1899-1988 (16 Jan. - Honolulu, Hawaii), who found specimens at Oahu in 1923.

The asteroid name Leptasterias degerboelli Heding, 1935, is likely a tribute to M. Degerbøll, who in 1940 published on Mammalia (e.g. whales) in Zoology of the Faeroes.

Prof. Eduard Degner, 1886-1979, German Malacologist. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided year of decease).

The Damsel Fish name Chromis degruyi Pyle, Earle & Brian D. Greene, 2008 is honouring the underwater TV photographer Michael V. DeGruy, 19??-, born in Alabama, living in Santa Barbara, in recognition of the sincere enthusiasm and determination he demonstrated while attempting to collect the first adult specimen of this species. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Dr. Lucienne Dehorne, 18??-19??, Paris, docteur ès-sciences in 1916, published on sporozoa in 1929 and she had published on other zoological items around 10 years before this.

Dr. Elisabeth Deichmann, (12 June - København) 1896-1975 (9 Aug. - Beverly Farms, Massachusetts), Danish holothuroid (and octocoral) researcher. A disciple of Mortensen (q.v.). She began publishing in the late 1920s. During the last decades of her life, she was associated with the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts [Diogenella deichmannae Humes & Ho, 1970, Protohaustorius deichmannae Bousfield, 1965, Amphiura deichmanae Tommasi, 1965].

Lacking information about Mm. U. Deiters in the copepod name Cletocamptus deitersi (Richard, 1897).

Dr. James Ellsworth DeKay (or De Kay), (12 Oct.) 1792-1851 (21 Nov.), US Zoologist, born in Lisbon (his father was an American sea captain living there and his mother was Irish). The family returned to New York (the Long Island area) in 1794, where the boy grew up. He later went to Scotland, and achieved a MD at the Univ. of Edinburgh in 1819, after which he returned home and became an important man in the early days of the Lyceum of Natural History, later called the New York Academy of Sciences. After having spent some time in Turkey, he wrote a book about this in 1833. In 1832 he became useful, when the cholera epidemic hit USA, as he had experience of this pest from Turkey. However, he also became famous for prescribing port wine as a remedy for cholera, earning him the nickname Dr. Port. He was a good friend of the novelist James Fenimore Cooper and some minor regional poets. Although he did not hold any zoological position, he was responsible for the Zoological part of large geological/zoological survey of the New York area at the Zoology Department of the State Museum , Albany, N.Y., and a catalogue of animals from the State of New York was published in 1840. When writing about art he used the pseudonym Joe Strickland.

Chrysallida dekkeri Van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 2000 was named for Mr. Henk Dekker, 19??-, Dutch fellow malacologist. His father Simon Dekker, 19??-, Dutch conchologist also he, is honoured in Clanculus simoni  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006 and Catharina Dekker-Rentenaar, 19??-, mother of Henk Dekker, also she a conchologist, is honoured in Ethalia catharinae  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006. (G. Poppe kindly provided part of this information).

Dekker in the polychaete name Betapista dekkerae Banse, 1980 : (see Hobson).

The gastropod name Odetta dekleini van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998 is named for Dr W. J. de Klein, 19??-, "a friend and former colleague of the first author, who always shows a keen interest in natural history". De Klein works at the Organic Chemistry Department (Leiden University).

De Koninck : (see Koninck).

Delage : (see Lacaze-Duthiers).

The Indian Ocean spiny lobster name Palinurus delagoae Barnard, 1926, the Indo-West-Pacific Pontoniinae shrimp Periclimenes delagoae Barnard, 1958, the Anomuran name Pisidia delagoae (Barnard, 1955), the Epicaridean name Parabopyrella delagoae (Bourdon, 1982), the Gobiidae name Vanderhorstia delagoae (Barnard, 1937) and, other fish names like Hyporhamphus delagoae (Barnard, 1925) are not named for any person, but from Delago Bay, where the capital of Mozambique, Maputo, is situated.

The collector Michel Delais, 19??-, in the W European fish name Tripterygion delaisi Cadenat & Blanche, 1971, originally found in Senegal, is honoured in this name. He published on West African ichthyology in the beginning of the 1950s and was later "Directeur de recherché a l'Office de la recherché scientifique et technique Outré-Mer (Comité technique des pêches), Paris".

Dr. Ernest-Amédée Delamare, (Briquebec, France) 1835-1898 (2 June (sudden death at the foot of his staircase)), physician and botanist, is honoured in the algal genus Delamarea Hariot, 1889. (more)

Prof. Dr. Claude Delamare Deboutteville, (12 Sep. - Rouen) 1918-1990 (2 Oct.), French meiofauna and stygofauna researcher. Professor at the Mus. nat. Hist. nat., Paris [Leptastacus delamarei Rouch, 1962, Psammopsyllus delamarei (Chappuis, 1953), Delamarella Chappuis, 1954, Amphiura delamarei Cherbonnier, 1958?, Xenocyatholaimus delamarei Gerlach, 1953, Acarochelopodia delamarei Angelier, 1954, Byrsophlebs delamarei (Ax, 1956), Allantogynus delamarei Changeux, 1958, Paramphiascella delamarei Guille & Soyer, 1966, Platylaophonte delamarei Bodin, 1967, Derocheilocaris delamarei Hessler, 1972, Psammostyela delamarei Weinstein, 1961, Musellifer delamarei (Renaud-Mornant, 1968), Acarochelopodia delamarei Angelier, 1954, Lacrymaria delamarei Dragesco, 1954, Pleodicyema delamarei Nouvel, 1961, Pseudodifflugia delamarei Coûteaux & Golemansky, 1984, Halalaimus delamarei Vitiello, 1970, Xestoleberis delamarei Hartmmann, 1953, Conchodelphys delamarei Lafargue & Laubier, 1968, Prophioseides delamarei Illg & Dudley, 1961]

Prof. Semen Ljudvigovich Delamure (Deljamure), 1913-1986, famous Russian parasitologist, talented pedagogue, author of 100 scientific papers, including 8 monographs. The founder of scientific school on study of marine mammals’ helminths from the World Ocean. During 31 years he was a head of zoology chair in Simferopol State University (now Tavrichesky National University). He had some state rewards. [the digenean name Hadwenius delamurei (Raga & Balbuena, 1988), Ciureana delamurei M. Jurakhno, 1987; Skrjabinozoum delamurei Nikolaeva & Mordvinova, 1988; nematode Ichthyocapillaria delamurei (Zablotzkii, 1971), Crassicauda delamureana A. Skrjabin, 1966; the acanthocephalan Yamagutisentis delamuri Parukhin, 1989] (Prof. Alkbina Gaevskaya, who had Delamure as her professor during education, kindly provided this information).

The gastropod name Conus delanoyae Trovão, 1979 is in honour of Marie Wilhelmine De Lanoy Meijer, 19??-, Dutch shell collector who lived in Portugal during many years

Maude Jane Delap, (7 Dec. - Templecrone rectory, Donegal) 1866-1953 (23 July - Valentia), Irish amateur marine biologist, mainly working on coelenterates from the shores of Vanentia Island, where she lived (from 1874) and ran a small hospital together with two of her sisters. The children (Maude was the 7:th of 10 children, 6 sisters and 4 brothers) had been educated much by their parents the Rev. Alexander Delap, ca 1830-1906 (3 May, in his 77:th year), and Anna Jane Goslett, mainly their father, himself being a keen amateur naturalist, because there was no schools in the Valentia area. She published on plankton partly together with her sister Constance Delap, (29 Nov.) 1868-1935, who shared Maud's interest in marine fauna, while their older sister Mary Harriett, (4 Jan. - Donegal) 1865-19??, who worked together with them, not was as interested in marine science as her younger two siblings. (The other siblings Alexander, Flora, Anna, Everine, Alfred (born 17 June 1871) and George (born 13 Apr. 1873) - a brother William likely died rather young - likely found own families if they survived to adult age). Maude corresponded much with Edward Thomas Browne (q.v.) of Univ. College London, who together with other naturalists had visited the sisters in the 1890s, when Maude likely fell in love with him and kept sending wild violets to him on his birthday for the rest of his life, but she remained unmarried for the rest of her life and she was the last surviver among her siblings. Edwardsia delapiae Carlgren & Stephenson, 1928, first found by Maude, was named for her. (Delap or Dulap is a vernacular pronunciation of Dunlop in parts of Ireland and have been so from at least the 16:th century, so Delap and Dunlop belong to the same "family").

Delaporte : (see Laporte & Castelnau).

François Étienne Delaroche (sometimes spelled De la Roche), (9 Dec.) 1781-1813 (23 Dec. - by typhus brought to Paris by Napoleon troops returning from Russia), who was the son of the Geneva-born physician and botanist Daniel Delaroche, 1743-1813 (typhus) (after whom Scopoli named the legume Rochea) and via his sister's marriage he became brother-in-law with Duméril (q.v.). He became one of the scientists in the Society of Arcueil, an estate purchased and equipped with very good chemical and physical laboratories by the well-known chemist Berthollet, 1748-1822. After having been asked by the Society to be naturalist at an expediotion to Mallorca to make measurements for the new metric system, Delaroche in 1809 published "Observations sur les Poissons recueillis dans un voyage aus Iles Baléares et Pythiuses" [Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810), Ophidion rochei Müller, 1845]. Also the plant genus Franciscaria de Candolle is named for him.

Lacking information about Delarue in the harpacticoid name Nitocra delaruei Soyer, 1975. Possibly, but perhaps not likely, a tribute to a family of scientific illustrators (Delarue fils) working for i.a. Michelin (q.v.) during the 1840s.

De Laubenfels : (see Laubenfels).

de León : (see León-Gonzales)

Baron Jules Paul Benjamin Delessert, (14 Feb. - Lyon) 1773-1847 (1 Mar. - Paris), learned French neo-aristocrate (he got his title from Napoleon), hobby botanist and owner of large botanical collections and a conchyliological museum. His family were protestants originally from Vaud, Switzerland and his mother had friendly letter contacts with several scientists, e.g. Benjamin Franklin and J.-J. Rousseau. His father Etienne, 1735-1816, had been a silk merchant in Lyon, later a bank owner in Paris and Benjamin, after early education in Britain, owned sugar factories and was a financier and philantropist. His herbarium contained 86,000 species, his botanical library 30,000 volumes. I.a. he published Recueil de coquilles decrites par Lamarck [Delesseria Lamouroux, 1813, Conus delessertii Récluz, 1843, Tivela delessertii (Sowerby, 1854), Sinum delessertii Récluz in Chenu, 1843, Thais delessertiana d'Orbigny, 1841]. His brothers Jacques Etienne Delessert, 1771-1794, and François Marie Delessert, 1780-1869, were also interested in e.g. malacology.

The nematode name Ixonema deleyi Muthumbi & Vincx, 1999 is in honour of Dr. Paul De Ley, 19??-, of the University of Ghent.

Lacking information about Delfos in the decapod name Scyllarides delfosi Holthuis, 1960.

Lacking information about Delgado in the gastropod name Bolinus delgadoi Serradell, 1912, but possibly the Portugese palaeontologist Joaquim Filippe Nery da Encarnacao Delgado, 1835-1908, may be the honoured person? There also was an ornithologist named F.S. Delgado B.

Richard (Dick) Kenneth Dell, (11 July - Auckland) 1920-2002 (6 Mar. - Wellington), New Zealand professional malacologist.

Bruno Dell'Angelo, 19??-, Italian malacologist from Prato.

Prof. Antonio Della Valle, (Napoli) 1850-1935, Italian zoologist in Naples, working on e.g. ascidians, amphipods and copepods. For 13 years lecturing in Modena, but in 1897 returning to his home town. [Clavelina dellavallei Zirpolo, 1925, Haploops dellavallei Stebbing, 1893, Siphonoecetes dellavallei Stebbing, 1899, Eusiroides dellavallei Chevreux, 1899, Liljeborgia dellavallei Stebbing, 1906, Lysianella dellavallei Stebbing, 1906, Harpinia dellavallei Chevreux, 1910].

Dr. Stefano Delle Chiaje, (24 Apr. - Teano) 1794-1860 (22 July - Napoli), Italian zoologist, botanist, anatomist and physician, curator at the Napoli (Naples) museum [Micrura dellechiajei (Hubrecht, 1879), Amphiura chiajei Forbes, 1843, Cystodytes dellechiajei Della Valle, 1877].

The diatom name Parlibellus delognei (Van Heurck) Cox, 1988 must be a tribute to the botanist and algal worker Charles Henri Delogne, (17 Oct. - Frahan (Rochehaut)) 1834-1901.

Alfredo Auguste Delsescautz, (16 Apr. - Montpellier (Hérault)) 1826-1910 (7 Jan. - Guanajuato (Mexico)),; a brother, Eugenio, was doctor in Guanajuato and entomologist. (Cédric Audibert, Muséum, CCEC, Lyon, kindly provided this information)

There are two exact namesakes Jean André Deluc, (8 Feb. - Geneva) 1727-1817 (7 Nov. - Windsor (was a favorite of queen Charlotte)), geologist and meteorologist, living in France and UK and his nephew (16 Oct. - Geneva) 1763-1847 (14 May - Geneva), living in France and Switzerland, both interested malacologists.

The mollusca names Engina demani de Jong & Coomans, 1988 and Anachis demani de Jong & Coomans, 1988 are in honour of Ad & Gon de Man, 19??-, shell collectors in Aruba.

Other De Man names : (see Man).

Mr. Simon DeMarco, (11? Nov.) 1903-1972 (May), USA, shell collector (during his time the Worl's largest shell dealer), living in Fort Myers since 1939 and building a shell museum there in 1950. [Voluta demarcoi Olsson, 1965].

Prof. Kazimerz Demel, (9 Mar. - Zawodzie (close to Katowice)) 1889-1978 (27 Sep.), who had studied at the universities of Lvov and Geneva, then mainly active in Gdynia, is honoured in the platyhelminth name Asymphyllodora demeli Markowski, 1935. Demel published on benthos of the Polish part of the Baltic from around 1927 on.

The tanaid name Leviapseudes demerarae Bacescu, 1984 is not an eponym, but was described from the deep Demerara plateau, from north-western French Guyana.

Pavel Grigorévich Demidoff, 1738-1821, Russian nobleman and Malacologist, who had studied in i.a. Göttingen, and one of Linnaeus' disciples in Uppsala together with his brother Grigorij between 1760-61, later correspondent with Linnaeus and also creator of the Natural History Museum in Moscow.

Prof. Dr. Necla Demir, 19??-, marine biologist at the University of Istanbul [Anadara demiri (Piani, 1981)].

The ostracod name Polycope demulderi Sissingh, 1972, must likely be a tribute to the palaeontologist Prof. Dr. Eduardo Francisco Jos de Mulder, (22 Apr. - Amersfoort, Utrecht, Netherlands) 1947-, the Netherlands.

Prof. Dr. Arthur Dendy, (20 Jan. - Patricroft, Manchester) 1865-1925 (24 Mar., - King's College Hospital, after having been operated for chronical appendicitis), English spongiologist at King's College, London (and the British Museum of Nat. Hist.). He had studied in Manchester, where he received a D.Sc. in 1891, had married in 1888 and went to Australia with his family, working in Melbourne. In 1893 they went to a professorship in New Zealand, in 1903 to Univ. of Cape Town and in 1905 he became Prof. of King's College, London. [Dendya Bidder,1898, Phorbas dendyi (Topsent, 1892), Cladochalina dendyi Bertun, 1934, Hyrtios dendyi (Ferrer-Hernandez, 1922), Desmacella dendyi De Laubenfels, 1936, Desmacidon dendyi Whitelegge, 1901, Dictyodendrilla dendyi Bergquist, 1996, Hamigera dendyi Shaw, 1927, Hoplokithara dendyi Kirkpatrick, 1907, Lissopocillon dendyi Ferrer-Hernandez, 1916, Microciona dendyi Bergquist & Fromont, 1988, Phakellia dendyi Bergquist, 1970, Phyllospongia dendyi Lendenfeld, 1889, Reniera dendyi Whitelegge, 1901, Ridleia dendyi De Laubenfels, 1934, Strongylophora dendyi Hechtel, 1969, Sycon dendyi Kirk, 1895, Argonemertes dendyi (Dakin, 1915), Jaspis dendyi Sollas, 1888, Lendenfeldia dendyi (Lendenfeld), Errina dendyi Hickson, 1912]; i.a. an essential paper on Calcarea appeared in 1913 together with Richard William Harold Row, 1884?-1919 (16 Feb. (from influenza - most persons dying in the Spanish influenza were below 30, but Row had published not only on Calcarea in 1913, but also a book about stamps already in 1912 and was aged 34 when he died)) of Exeter, Dendy's assistant and in 1919-21 Dendy tried to establish a research grant to the memory of Row. Row was not only spongiologist, but an authority in stamps, especially from Siam (see this web page). Dendy also cooperated with the Rev. Stuart Oliver Ridley, (8 June - Norfolk) 1853-1935 (13 Apr.), the son of a clergyman and brother of the botanist Henry Nicholas Ridley, (10 Dec.) 1855-1956 (24 Oct.), (and through his mother great-great-grandson of the Marquis of Bute, who in effect was the first Director of the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew), on the sponges of the "Challenger" Expedition [Anthastra ridleyi Sollas, 1886, Antho ridleyi Hentschel, 1912, Cacospongia ridleyi Burton, 1949, Callyspongia ridleyi Burton, 1934, Echinodictyum ridleyi Dendy, 1896, Esperella ridleyi Lendenfeld, 1888, Gellius ridleyi Hentschel, 1912, Halichondria ridleyi Hooper et al., 1995, Phakellia ridley, Dendy, 1887, Ridleia Dendy, 1888, Reniera ridleyi Keller, 1891, Rhaphidophlus ridleyi Lindgren, 1897, Tetilla ridleyi Sollas, 1902, Crella ridleyi (Topsent, 1892)]. Dendy, after the work on the "Challenger" sponges, joined the staff of the British Museum (Natural History), but left there for an appointment of 6 years to the staff of the Biology Department of the University of Melbourne, Australia. There he worked on the sponges of the area around Port Philip Heads and also worked on sponges from Western Australia. Upon his return to England, he worked again in the British Museum (Natural History), where he completed several studies on Indian Ocean sponges. Ridley was employed by the British Museum (Natural History), where he also made his most significant contribution to spongology. He described together with Arthur Dendy the "Monaxonida" collected by the "Challenger" Expedition (1887) in a monumental volume with beautiful illustrations. He also worked on the collections made by H.M.S. "Alert" in various parts of the world, notably Chile, North Australia, and the Western Indian Ocean. Ridley's younger brother Henry Nicholas Ridley, (10 Dec.) 1855-1956, became a botanist, (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided most of this information; a biography is available in Smith, BJ 1981, Dendy, Arthur, D.Sc., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S. (1865&endash;1925), in Aust. Dict. Biog. vol. 8, pp. 279&endash;280).

The collembol name Gastranurida denisi (Bagnall, 1939) must likely honour the French amateur Collembola researcher Jacques R. Denis, (1 Oct. - Paris) 1902-1972 (24 Apr. - Longeville-sur-Mer), but is the copepod name Nannopodella denisi Monard, 1928 in honour of the same researcher? Denis' profession was colliery engineer, but he spent much time publishing on arachnology and before starting with this group, he had started with crustaceans, so likely also the copepod name may be in his honour.

Regarding the nudibranch name Dendrodoris denisoni (Angas, 1864): "Cette belle espece a ete recueillie, le 16 mai, au moyen de la drague et par 7 brasses d'eau, a Port-Jackson, pendant une excursion scientifique que j'ai faite avec Son Exc. Sir William Denison, gouverneur general de l'Australie, d'apres lequel j'ai la plaisir de la nommer D. Denisoni.". Thus the honoured person was the engineer and soldier Sir William Thomas Denison, (3 May) 1804-1871 (19 Jan.). He was Governor of Tasmania 1847-54, Governor of New South Wales 1855-61, and an important patron of science (Dr. Gary McDonald, Santa Cruz, California kindly provided this information).

The gastropod name Murex dennanti Tate, 1888 was named for Ralph Tate's colleague and co-worker, John Dennant, (Ipswich, Suffolk) 1839-1907 (12 June), educational administrator and geologist, who had emigrated to Victoria, Australia, in 1872, who in 1904 and 1906 published on recent madreporarians and also is honoured in the coral name Fungiacyathus (Bathyactis) dennanti Cairns & Parker, 1992.

The gastropod name Morum dennisoni (Reeve, 1842) is likely a tribute to the UK (Liverpool) malacologist John Dennison, 1???-1864, who had inherited a fortune and had great collections.

Dénys de Montfort : (see Montfort).

Captain Zeca de Pontes, 19??-, South Africa?, first discovered Ancillista depontesi Kilburn, 1998.

Cypraea jandeprezi Poppe & Martin, 1997 is honouring Jan Deprez, 19??-, Belgian (Sint-Gillis-Waas) dentist and prominent cowry collector. (Guido T. Poppe kindly provided this information).

The cowry name Bistolida kieneri depriesteri (Schilder, 1933) is named for Dr. Willem Frederik de Priester, (3 Oct. - Koudekerke (Zeeland)) 1898-19??, Dutch physician and shell collector, when on duty on Java..

August Alphonse Derbès, (8 May - Marseille) 1808-1894 (27 Jan. - Marseille), Professor of natural history in Marseille, working on sea urchin embryology and as well on reproduction of algae and their structure [Derbesia Solier, 1847, Ceramium derbesii Solier ex Kützing, Polysiphonia derbesii Solier ex Kützing, 1849].

Dereims took part in expeditions to Mauretania.

The west African holothuroid name Paracucumaria deridderae Massin, 1993 is in honour of the echinoid and holothuroid researcher Dr. Chantal J.M. De Ridder, 19??-, Brussels, who has been active during the 1980s and 1990s. Another person with this name is Marguerite De Ridder, who has published on African and Belgian Rotifera at least from the mid 1950s until 1997. A "Kloosterzuster", i.e. a kind of nun, by this name, lived between (20 Jan. - Strijpen, Oost-Vlaanderen) 1903-1991 (4 Nov. - Dottignies, Hainaut, Belgium), but they are likely not identical.

Dr. Raoul Derijard, 193?-, Univ. of Montpellier, is honoured in the Indian Ocean (Madagascar) crab Tylodiplax derijardi Guinot & Crosnier, 1964.

Alexander Nikolaevich Derjavin (Derzhavin), 1878-1963, famous Russian zoologist, ichthyologist, hydrobiologist. Graduated from Kazan’sky University in 1902. In 1908-1910 he took part in Kamchatka’s Expedition of Russian Geographical Society and was conferred the Silver Medal of this Society for the research of basins of this peninsula. Founded the Baku’s Ichthyologic Laboratory. Has more than 200 papers, including the monographs “Mysids of the Caspian Sea”, “The Sevruga”. Described new family and some new genera of mysids, new species of amphipods, mysids, cumaceas. Academician of Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences (1955), Honoured Scientist (1954). (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided this information and added: "I think that Mikailov named his monogenean species in honour in this scientist. The more so Prof. Mikailov worked in Baku, in the Institute of Zoology, researched the parasites of the Caspian Sea fishes"; later Prof. Sh. Ibragimov from the Institute of Zoology (Baku) confirmed her supposition about name of Gyrodactylus derjavini Mikailov, 1975).

Prof. Konstantin Mikhailovich Derjugin (sometimes transcribed Deryugin), (10 Feb. - St. Petersburg) 1878-1938 (27 Dec. - Moscow), Russian oceanographer and zoologist, who i.a. led the Russian Pacific Expedition on R/V "Gagara" in 1932-35 [Derjuginia Jaschnov, 1947, Derjugiana Gurjanova, 1962, Eumicrotremus derjugini Popov, 1926, Callopora? derjugini (Kluge, 1915), Ilyarachna derjugini Gurjanova, 1946, Sclerocheilus deriugeni Zachs, 1925, Emplectonema derjugini Ushakov, 1928, Adoncholaimus derjugini (Ssaweljev, 1912), Tortanus derjugini Smirnov, 1935, Sclerocrangon derjugini Kobjakova, Ectodoryx derjugini (Breitfuss, 1897), Golfingia derjugini (Gadd, 1911), Adoncholaimus derjugini (Ssaweljev, 1912)) Filipjev, 1924, Boeckosimus derjugini (Gurjanova, 1929), Tindaria derjugini Gorbunov, 1946, Ianiropsis derjugini (Gurjanova, 1933), Sculptolithodes derjugini Makarov, 1934]. The Deryugin Basin (53°30'N, 145°45'E) is named for him.

Mrs. Jacqueline De Roy, 19??-, of Isla Santa Cruz, Galapagos, who has developed into a well known jewelry artist, sent specimens to the authors of Murexsul jacquelinae Emerson & D'Attilio, 1969. She also collected the first specimens of Agatrix deroyae Petit, 1970 [Amaea deroyae Dushane 1970]. Buridrillia deroyorum Emerson & McLean, 1992 is named after André De Roy, (Brussels) 19??-19?? (died at age 66 from a sudden pnemonary aneurism (before 2002)), and Jacquelin De Roy who donated type specimens, as is , Pteropurpura deroyana Berry, 1968 & Rimsodaphnella deroyae McLean & Poorman, 1971 because this Belgian couple DeRoy (who moved to Isla Santa Cruz, Galapagos in 1954) collected specimens [Fusiturricula andrei McLean & Poorman, 1971]. Their oldest daughter Tui De Roy (married Moore), 1953-, who arrived with her parents as very young (less than 2 years old when they left Europe and exactly two years old when they landed), who became a well known natural history photographer, has continued to publish on natural history of Galapagos, but is now living in the southern part of New Zealand.

Derzhavin : (see Derjavin).

de Saint Laurent : (see Saint Laurent).

The coral name Acropora desalwii Wallace, 1994 is in honour of "King" or "Raja" Des Alwi (Abubakar), (17 Nov.) 1927-, of the Banda Islands, who firstly discovered the new species. He was a strong man during the time when Indonesia struggled for freedom, was forced in exile to Malaysia during the Sukarno regime in the late 1950s, but is from 1970 back in Banda Naira, working for eco-tourism of the islands and is also a nutmeg culturer. As a child, he became adopted by Sutan Sjahrir, republic of Indonesia's first prime minister, who secured his education, i.a. in London.

Bathydrilus desbruyeresi Erséus, 1983 is named for Dr. Daniel M. Desbruyères, (29 May) 1945-, Centre Océanologique de Bretagne, the principal investigator of the "BIOGAS" expeditions, later coordinator of the European AMORES program of the exploration of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge [Desbruyeresia Warén & Bouchet, 1993, Laeviphitus desbruyeresi Warén & Bouchet, 2001, Leviapseudes desbruyeresi Bacescu, 1987].

Dr. Louis Auguste Deschamps, (Saint-Omer, close to Calais) 1765-1842, French surgeon-naturalist / botanist, who investigated Java's nanutal history, taking part in the La Recherche navigation [Champia Lamouroux, Tricolia deschampsi Gofas, 1993, Deschampsia P. Beauv.].

Lacking information about Deschamps in the gastropod name Epitonium (Histoscala) deschampsi E.F. Garcia, 2003, but likely a tribute to Guy Deschamps, 19??-, a French natural history worker, who also is honoured in the name Cadulus deschampsi Scarabino, 2008.

The digenean name Lepidapedon desclersae Bray & Gibson, 1995 is honouring Dr Sophie des Clers, 19??-, a parasitologist and mathematical modeller from Imperial College, London. (Dr. Rod Bray kindly provided this information).

René Louiche Desfontaines, (14 Feb. - near Tremblay, Bretagne) 1750-1833 (16 Nov.), French Paris botanist and godfather of de Lamarck's third son Charles René [Sargassum desfontainesii (Turner) J. Agardh].

Gérard Paul Deshayes (pronunciation: Deaé), (13 May - Nancy) 1795-1875 (9 June - Boran-sur-Oise), French malacologist / palaeontologist; disciple of Cuvier. Made essential contributions to the marine fauna of Algeria [Talorchestia deshayesii (Audouin, in Savigny, 1826), Astacilla deshaysi (Norman & Scott, 1906), Acanthophyllia deshayesiana (Michelin, 1850), Callochiton deshayesi J. Thiele, 1909, Aega deshaysiana (H. Milne Edwards, 1840), Ebalia deshayesi Lucas, 1846, Diacavolinia deshayesi van der Spoel, Bleeker & Kobayashi, 1993, Acanthocardia deshayesii (Payraudeau, 1826), Cymbiola deshayesi (Reeve, 1855)].

Lacking information about Desjardin in the gastropod name Marginella desjardini Marche-Marchad, 1957 and in the fish name Zebrasoma desjardinii (Bennett). A person named M. Desjardin published on mollusks in 1949 (described Schwartziella fischeri from Havana, Cuba, in Journal de Conchyliologie) and there was (during the 1940s) / is? a Desjardin museum on Mauritius, but this is likely honouring Desjardins (next entry).

The echinoderm name Diadema desjardinsii Michelin, 1844, is likely honouring Julien François Desjardins, (27 July - Flacq, Mauritius) 1799-1840 (18 Apr. - Paris), who had been a pupil of Cuvier, but moved to Mauritius, his home island, where he became secretary in the Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Ile Maurice, which had been founded by Charles Telfair (q.v.), the society's first president. The first vice-president of the society was Wenceslas (or Václav) Bojer, (23 Sep. - Řesanice, Bohemia, now Czech Republic) 1795-1856 (4 June - Port Louis, Mauritius (by paralysis)), Prof. of Natural History at the Royal College at Port Louis.

Ceramium deslongchampsii Chauvin ex Duby, 1830 may be named for the French botanist Jean Louis Auguste Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, (24 Mar. - Dreux) 1774-1849 (8 May - Paris), or perhaps - although less likely - the French naturalist (physician, interested in palaeontology, reptiles and marine invertebrates) Dr. Jacques Armand Eudes-Deslongchamps, (17 Jan. - Caen) 1794-1867 (17 Jan.). The French geologist and malacologist Eugène François Guillaume Eudes-Deslongchamps, (10 Mar. - Caen) 1830-1889 (21 Dec. - Chateau Matthieu, Calvados), was J.A. E-D:s son.

Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest, (6 Mar. - Paris) 1784-1838 (4 June - Maisons-Alfort), French naturalist, who wrote some articles together with his life-long friend Lesueur (q.v.) and in 1815 he succeeded another friend and long-time cooperator Latreille (q.v.), who resigned from the professorship in zoology at the Veterinary School at Alfort. Desmarest was a disciple of Cuvier and Brongniart [Rissoides desmaresti (Risso, 1816), Atyaephyra desmarestii (Millet, 1832), Desmarestia Lamouroux, 1813, Firoloida desmarestia Lesueur, 1817, Petrolisthes desmaresti (Guerín, 1835)]. His son Eugène Anselme Sébastien Léon Desmarest, 1816-89, publishing on crustaceans, mollusks and zoophytes in "Encyclopedie d'Histoire Naturelle ..." together with J.C. Chenu (q.v.), and still another namesake was A.G. Desmarest's father, the French geologist Nicolas Desmarest, (16 Sep. - Soulaines, Aube) 1725-1815 (20 Sep. - Paris).

Jean Baptiste Henri Joseph Desmazières, 1796-1852, botanist and algologist, active in northern France / Belgium.

Hendrik Gerhard de Smit, 1???-1964, member of the former Dutch mollusca working group, is honoured in the gastropod name Odostomia (Megastomia) desmiti van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998.

Charles Robert Alexandre Des Moulins, (England) 1798-1875, French (Bordeaux) botanist and naturalist, published "Etudes s. l. Echinides" in 1831. He was president of la Société linnéenne de Bordeaux and the first person to understand and implement (in 1830) that tanks with fishes and other aquatic creatures needs oxygen in order for the organisms to survive for more than a short time. [Pisania desmoulinsi Montrouzier, 1864, Nerita desmoulinsiana Dautzenberg & Bouge, 1933 ]. Several fossil and non marine taxon names is also honouring Des Moulins' name.

The hermit crab name Pagurus delsolari Haig, 1974, the crab name Acanthocarpus delsolari Garth, 1973 and in the fish name Coryphaenoides delsolari Chirichigno & Iwamoto, 1977, are all honouring Dr. Enrique Manuel Del Solar Cáceda, (5 Nov. - Ica, Peru) 1911-1990 (Miami (by stroke)), as well as the crab name Delsolaria enriquei Garth, 1973, the shrimp name Bathypalaemonella delsolari Wicksten & Mendez, 1983, the fish name Hemanthias delsolari Chirichigno, 1974 and the brachiopod name Liothyrella delsolari Cooper, 1982. He took par in cruises with R/V Anton Bruun and R/V Kaiyo Maru and made own researches with the trawler "Bettina".

Prof. Pierre Jean Édouard Desor, (13 Feb. - Friedrichsdorf, near Frankfurt am Main) 1811-1882 (23 Feb. - Nice). He descended from a Huguenot family from southern France. In 1839 he started his natural history studies for L. Agassiz (q.v.) together with C. Vogt (q.v.) and A. Gressly. He accompanied Agassiz to North America, but separated after a while, because Desor had different opinions than Agassiz about several things. Desor then was appointed in the Coastal Survey. There he discovered in nemerteans Desor's Larva. He returned to Europe (Neuchatel) in 1852, where he soon became Professor of Geology at the Academy and also economically independent, when he inherited his dead brother. During the summer months he was very hospitable to scientists, poets, artists and politicians in his country house in Val des Ponts, 15 km west of Neuchatel. His unique guest book is still there. The visitors' names were painted on different trees in the "Allee des Naturalistes" and they have been repetedly repainted to keep fresh. He is best known for his glacial studies, but although mainly an autodidact, he became a universal scholar [Desoria Nicolet, in Desor, 1841].His name is also associated with Desor's larva or Desor's embryo, a development stage of a heteronemertean, thought to be Lineus cf. ruber (O.F. Müller, 1774).

Ruth Desqueyroux-Faúndez, 1944-, is a Chilean by birth. Most of her work has been true to her origin: about the sponge fauna of the SE Pacific and the neighbouring Antarctic. Next to this she did several monographic works on the Haplosclerida of New Caledonia. Ruth is employed by the Museum of Geneva [Ectyonancora ruthae Mothes & Lerner, 1995]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

Patrice Dessert, 19??-, Nouméa, New Caledonia, shell collector [Lataxiena desserti Houart, 1990].

Carlo De Stefani, 1851-1924 (Firenze), Italian palaeontologist from Padova. Docente all'Università di Firenze. {Picture / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi- Savelli}.

The nudibranch name Cuthona destinyae Hermadillo & Valdes, 2007, is not in honour of a person, but the boat M/V Destiny, La Gordornia, Guerrero, Mexico, used during the investigations.

Dr. Alcide Destruges , 18??-1???, arcaeologist? of Guayaquil, Equador, is honoured in the West American gastropod name Cerithiopsis destrugesi (de Folin, 1867).

Prof. Giovanni Battista de Toni, (Venice) 1864-1924 (31 July - Modena), Italian algologist and professor of Botany in Modena.

Dennis M. Devaney, 1938-1983, was invertebrate zoologist at Bishop Museum. He was a specialist on ophiuroids, and disappeared on a dive collecting trip at north end of the island of Hawaii. Several species and the genus Devania are named for him [Metadynomene devaneyi (Takeda 1977), Michelea devaneyi Poore, 1997, Autolytus devaneyi Hartmann-Schröder, 1992, Caridina devaneyi Choy, 1991, Rhinebothrium devaneyi Brooks & Deardorff, 1988, Ophiambix devaneyi Paterson,1985, Euraphia devaneyi Foster & Newman, 1987, Gibberosus devaneyi Thomas & J.L. Barnard, 1986, Stenopus devaneyi Goy & Randall 1984, Micropagurus devaneyi McLaughlin, 1986, Epigonus devaneyi Gon, 1985, Paradoxostoma devaneyi Hartmann, 1984, Ophioderma devaneyi Hendler & Miller, 1984 Cladiella devaney Verseveldt, 1977]. (Dr. Lucius Eldredge, Bishop Museum, kindly provided this information).

The trematode Telorchis devincenzii Mañé-Garzón & Gil, 1961 is named for the Director of Uruguay Museum, zoologist Dr. Garibaldi José Devincenzi, 1884-1942, who was the director of this Museum in 1912-1942. (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided this information).

Finn Devold, (30 Apr. - Bergen) 1902-1977 (26 May - Bergen), Norwegian herring researcher, who grow up in Tromsö.

Prof. Chester Dewey, (25 Oct. - Sheffield, Mass.) 1784-1867 (5 Dec. - Rochester - NY), US malacologist and botanist [Dosiniopsis deweyi (Meek & Hayden, 1856)].

Hugh Hamilton DeWitt, 1933-1995, US ichthyology taxonomist, working much on Southern Ocean fishes. [Paranotothenia dewitti Balushkin, 1990, Chionobathyscus dewitti Andriashev & Neyelov, 1978, Acanthodraco dewitti Skóra, 1995, Parandaniexis dewitti Watling & Holman, 1980, Pogonophryne dewitti Eakin, 1988, Paraliparis dewitti Stein, Chernova & Andriashev, 2001]

Vexillum (Costellaria) beverlyae H. Turner & R. Salisbury, 1999 is named for Mrs. Beverly A. Deynzer, 19??-, (Sanibel, Florida), wife of the well known shell dealer in Sanibel Island Albert E. Deynzer, 19??-, who cooperates since long time effectively with gastropod taxonomists. Conus (Magelliconus) deynzerorum Petuch, 1995 and Latirus deynzerorum are named for them and Latirus aldeynzeri Garcia 2001 is named for him (after donating the specimen) (Dr. Hans Turner, Casa La Conchiglia, Rovia, Switzerland, kindly provided this information).

Antoine Joseph Dezallier (or Desallier) d'Argenville, (1 July - Paris) 1680-1765 (29 Nov.), French naturalist and conchologist. He was counsellor to the king and his "L'histoire naturelle ... et la conchyliologie" first published in 1742,became very popular. In this work he introduced for the first time the term conchyliologie. He also contributed much in Diderot's and d’Alembert's Encyclopédie. His very spectacular well illustrated book "La Conchyliologie ou Histoire Naturelle des Coquilles de Mer, d'Eau Douce, Terrestres et Fossiles" arrived poshumously in Paris in 1780.

Bunjamin Dharma, 1951-, amateur malacologist from Indonesia, who provided type material of Orania dharmai Houart, 1994 [Chichoreus bundharmai Houart 1992]. (The malacologist Gijs C. Kronenberg, Netherlands, kindly provided information about the last eponym).

d'Hondt : (see Hondt).

Diana : (see Diana S. Jones & David Behrens).

Lacking information about Diana in the isopod name Paradella dianae (Menzies, 1962).

Lacking information about Diana in the sponge name Clathria (Microciona) dianae (O. Schmidt, 1875).

Dr. Maria Cristina Díaz, 1960-, achieved her PhD at the University of California at Santa Cruz on a project concerning cyanobacterial microsymbionts of sponges. She worked as taxonomist for a group of California chemists [Halicnemia diazae Desqueyroux-Faúndez & Van Soest, 1997]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

Dr. Robert (Bob) J. Diaz, (16 Oct.) 1946-, Oligochaete researcher at the Virginia Institute of Marine Research [Tubificoides diazi Brinkhurst & Baker, 1979, Tubificoides bobi Helgason & Erséus, 1987, Marionina diazi Coates & Erséus, 1985].

Juan Manuel Diaz Merlano, 19??-, malacologist in Santa Marta, Colombia [Macromphalina diazmerlanoi Rolan & Rubio, 1998].

Mary Cynthia Dickerson, 1866-1923, US collector of natural history objects, mainly a toad and frog specialist.

Prof. George Dickie, (23 Nov. - Aberdeen) 1812-1882 (15 July - Aberdeen), naturalist, who became the first Professor of Natural History in Queen's College, Belfast between 1849-60, then returning to the Univ. of Aberdeen as botany professor. When younger he took part of several dredging expeditions [Dickieia Berkeley ex Kützing emend. D.G. Mann].

Dr. Henry Newton Dickson, (24 June - Edinburgh) 1866-1922 (2 Apr. - Edinburgh (obituary in Nature 22 Apr. 1922)), was essential in the early studies of the Faeroe-Shetland Channel.

Dr. Johann Karl Ernst Dieffenbach, (27 Jan. - Gießen) 1811-1855 (10 Jan. - Gießen), German physician, geologist and naturalist, had to escape to Zürich, because he was accused of being subversive, then (in 1837) to London after having been expelled for political actions and duelling, acclimized there and learned to know e.g. Lyell (q.v.) and Owen (q.v). Later he corresponded with Darwin and translated i.a. "Voyage of the Beagle" into German and wrote "Trav. in N. Zealand" appearing in 1843 after having arrived there as ship's surgeon on the Tory as the New Zealand Company's naturalist, but returning to Germany in 1841-42 and thereafter working as geology professor at the Univ. of Gießen. [Anguilla dieffenbachii Gray, 1842, Chlamys dieffenbachi (Reeve, 1853), Chiton dieffenbachii Reeve, 1847].

Prof. Fernando Luiz Diehl , 19??-, is honoured in the Brazil skate name Dipturus diehli Soto & Mincarone, 2001 "in recognition of his extensive work and tireless dedication to oceanography in Brazil".

Karl Moritz Diesing, (16 June - Krakow) 1800-1867 (10 Jan. - Wien), published several helminthological works, e.g. in 1850-51 his "Systema Helminthum ..." (about parasitical worms) and in 1862 a revision of turbellarians in Wien. After gymnasium studies in Lvov, he moved to Wien, where he continued to live and work for the rest of his life. In 1849 his eyesight became very bad and he was completely blind in 1852, when he retired because of this. [Diesingiella Guiart, 1931].

Lacking information about Dietz in the bivalve name Corbula dietziana C.B. Adams, 1852. The German physician and entomologist William George Dietz, 1848-1932, is of course too young to be the honoured person.

Jean Dieuzeide, 1900-??, French biologist, is likely honoured in the copepod names Paralaophonte dieuzeidei (Monard, 1936) & Caligus dieuzeidei Brian, 1932, in the isopod name Idusa dieuzeidei Dollfus,1950 and perhaps in the fish name Lepidotrigla dieuzeidei Blanc & Hureau (ex. Audouin), 1973. His namesake René Dieuzeide has published i.a. about marine pulmonate gastropods (in 1935). Possibly they may be identical, because a Dr. Jean René Dieuzeide published about Algerian fishes around 1950.

Dr. José Luiz Diez Monteiro, 19??-, physician in Nouadhibou (Mauritania), who helped a Spanish expedition [Turbonilla diezi Penas & Rolan, 1997].

Léon Diguet, (25 July - Havre) 1859-1926 (31? Aug.), French ethnologist / malacologist, who collected molluscs in Mexico and California, is honoured in the gastropod name Pleurobranchus digueti Rochebrune, 1895, in the cephalopod name Octopus digueti Perrier & Rochebrune, 1894, the pagurid name Ciliopagurus digueti Bouvier, 1898 and in the bivalve names Condylocardia digueti Lamy, 1916 & Eucrassatella digueti (Lamy, 1917).

T. Dijkhuizen, 19??-, member of the former Dutch mollusca working group, is honoured in the gastropod name Odostomia (Odostomia) dijkhuizeni van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998.

Henk H. Dijkstra, 1940-, malacologist at the Zoological Museum, University of Amsterdam, who has published since 1981, is honoured in the gastropod name Alvania dijkstrai Hoenselaar & Goud, 1998. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

Prof. Johann Jakob Dillenius, (Darmstadt, Germany) 1687-1747 (2 Apr. - Oxford (by apoplexia)), moved to England in 1721, where he was appointed professor of Botany in Oxford (the first ever there).

Lewis Weston Dillwyn, (21 Aug. - St. Thomas's Square, Hackney) 1778-1855 (31 Aug. - Sketty Hall, Wales), Head of the Cambrian pottery, Swansea, and specialised in natural history designs on porcelain. Whig Member of Parliament (from 1832) for Glamorganshire, amateur malacologist and botanist (e.g. phycologist). He was a friend and collaborator of Dawson Turner (q.v.) & W.E. Leach also learned to know him already in 1809, when Leach had went to Wales to collect animals and followed Dillwyn and his naturalist friend Joseph Woods, 1776-1864, (booth were quakers) to Ireland to continue collections. [Erosaria dillwyni (Schilder, 1922), Natica dillwyni Payraudeau, 1826, Dillwynella Dall, 1889]. His son Lewis Llewel(l)yn Dillwyn (14 May) 1814-1892 (19 June), was also a MP and an ornithologist married to the daughter of Sir Henry T. de la Beche, founder of the Geological Survey of Great Britain and MP for Swansea. The town Dillwyn, Va, USA, is named after the family, who in 1682 had emigrated to USA. However L.W.D:s father had later returned to London. L.L.D. had an elder sister Fanny Llewelyn Dillwyn , 1808-1894, and a brother, John Dillwyn Llewelyn, 1810-1882, who became a pioneer photographer. L.W. Dillwyn was married to Mary Adams, 1776-1865.

Lacking information about Dima in the North Japan Sea polychaete Pectinaria (Pectinaria) dimai Zaks, 1933, but possibly it may be honouring a person named Dimitry, a name somtimes shortened to Dima?

The gastropod name Onoba dimassai Amati & Nofroni, 1991 is honouring Duilio Di Massa, 19??-, Trieste, Italy, amateur conchologist. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

The French meibenthos researcher Dr. Alain Dinet, 19??-, Laboratoire Arago, is honoured in the tardigrade name Exoclavarctus dineti Renaud-Mornant, 1983, in the tantulocaridean name Campyloxiphos dineti Huys, 1990 and in the nematode genus name Dinetia Decraemer & Gourbault, 2005. Also the polychaete name Synelmis dineti Katzmann, Laubier & Ramos, 1974 is likely in his honour.

The gastropod name Alvania dipacoi Giusti Fr. & Nofroni, 1989 is in honour of Giacomo di Paco, 1946-2002 (June; diving accident in Gulf of Baratti) from Livorno, Italy, who was an amateur conchologist. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

The diatom name Nitzschia dippelii Grunow must honour Dr. Leopold Dippel, 1827-1914 (4 Mar.), Darmstadt, botanist and algal researcher.

Dr. Louis Henry Chalfant DiSalvo, (Sellerville, PA, USA) 1940-2008, PhD at North Carolina State Univ. in 1970, moved to Chile in 1978, is honoured in the decapod name Palaemonella disalvoi Fransen, 1987. He was beside being a specialist in decapod crustaceans also a collector of molluscs, especially from the Eastern Island. [Kelloggella disalvoi Randall, J.E. 2009, Lima disalvoi Raines, 2002, Rapanuia disalvoi Dell'Angelo, Raines & Bonfitto, 2004, Notaulax disalvioi Cañete]

T. Hjalmar Ditlevsen, (Slagelse) 1864-1937, Danish nematodologist [Thoracostomopsis ditlevseni Filipjev, 1927, Mesacanthion ditlevseni (Filipjev, 1927), Filoncholaimus ditlevseni (Kreis, 1932), Pontonema ditlevseni (Stekhoven, in Kreis, 1934), Ditlevsenella Filipjev, 1927, Prochromadorella ditlevseni (de Man, 1922), Zalonema ditlevseni (Micoletzky, 1922), Leptolaimus ditlevseni (Steiner, 1916), Desmodora ditlevseni (Micoletzky, 1922) Lorenzen, 1981].

Diva : (see Corrêa). However, Diva in the scaphopod name Gadila divae (Vélain, 1877) must be named for somebody (or something) else, but who or what (possibly just the Latin meaning divine)?

Captain Cyril Diver, 1892-1969 (17 Feb.), British Malacologist, mainly interested in terrestrial species.

G. or Geo. Y. Dixon, (who in 1895 had published together with Haddon and also published on sea anemones together with Andrew Francis Dixon, (Dublin) 1868-1936 (15 Jan. - Dublin), (later becoming Professor of Human Anatomy at Univ. of Dublin)) in the actiniarian names Actinioides dixoniana Haddon A. C. & Shackleton A. M., 1893 & Edwardsiella dixoni (Carlgren, 1921). The first of the two Dixon's is most likely the honoured person and he must be identical with George Yeates Dixon, 18??-19??, who became a barrister-at-law and published about law and legislation in Ireland. George and Francis were two of seven successful brothers (among which Henry Horatio Dixon, 1869-1953, became botany professor). George was likely the oldest brother among the siblings, because he got his first name from his father and Yeates from his mother's unmarried family name. Quite another namesake was M.D. Frederick Dixon, (16 Mar. - Storrington, Sussex) 1799-1849 (27 Sep. - Worthing, (by cholera, contracted during a London visit)) who in 1850 posthumously published "The Geology and fossils of the Tertiary and Cretaceous formations of Sussex", a book of great impact on paleontology.

Peter Stanley Dixon, (29 Nov. - Middlesborough, England) 1929-1993 (30 June), British phycologist, working in Liverpool until 1965, when he left for Univ. of Washington, Seattle, workin there until 1967, when he arrived at Univ. of California, Irvine, where he stayed until retirement in 1991. [the red algal genus Dixoniella Scott, J.L., Broadwater, S.T., Saunders, B.D. & Thomas, J.P., 1992]

The amphipod name Paracyproidea dixoni Moore, 1992 is honouring its discoverer, Dr. Iain Dixon, 19??-, former research student of the author of the species, Prof. Geoff Moore, University Marine Biological Station Millport.

Dr. Evgeniya V. Dmitrieva, 19??-, Sevastopol parasitologist specialised in monogeneans.

Wade Doak, (Feb. - Canterbury, New Zealand) 1940-, New Zealand SCUBA diver during the 1960s and 1970s, who discovered several new marine species.

Dr. Cecil Clifford Dobell, (22 Feb. - Birkenhead, Cheshire) 1886-1949 (23 Dec. - London), British protistologist, working, e.g., on ciliates.

George Edward Dobson, (4 Sep. - Edgeworthstown, Longford, Ireland) 1848-95 (26 Nov.), FRS, Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist), published on insectivores, especially bats, during the second half of the 19th century [Metapenaeus dobsoni (Miers, 1878)].

Prof. Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky, (25 Jan. - Nemirov, Ukraine) 1900-1975 (18 Dec. - San Jacinto, California), renowned Ukrainian / US (emigrated to USA in 1927) evolutionary biologist working on genetics of natural populations [Tisbe dobzhanskii Volkmann-Rocco & Battaglia, 1972].

Reynaldo Andol Docil, 19??-, captain of the GUPHIL I, the exploring vessel of Conchology, Inc., based in Mactan, the Philippines.  [Perrinia docili  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Prof. Petar (Pietro) Doderlein, (2 Feb. Dubrovnik) 1809-1895 (28/29 Mar. - Palermo), Ichthyologist and malacologist (originally from Dalmatia) in Modena, later in Palermo.

The parasitic nematod name Cucullanus dodsworthi Barreto, 1922, is dedicated to "amigo e coltega Dr. H. Toledo Dodsworth Filho" (Filho = Jr.). Dr. Henrique de Toledo Dodsworth, 1865-1916, was a member of of the Brazilian Academy of Medicine and the honoured person must certainly be his son by the same name, Dr. Henrique de Toledo Dodsworth, (Rio de Janeiro) 1895-1975 (Rio de Janeiro), also he a physician.

Prof. Martín Doello-Jurado, (4 July) 1884-1948 (9 Oct.), founder of Department of Molluscs of Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales. He published at least from 1924 until the years after WWII and retired from the Museum in 1946 [Fissurella doellojuradoi Farfante, 1952, Amblyraja doellojuradoi (Pozzi, 1935)].

Lacking information about Doerjest / Dörjest in the Callianassid name Calliax doerjesti Sakai, 1999.

Prof. Dr. Franz John Theodor Doflein, (5 Apr. - Paris) 1873-1924 (24 Aug. - Obernigk, Schlesien), German protozoologist; professor of zoology in 1912 in Freiburg, 1918 in Breslau. Doflein started his career as one of Döderlein's (q.v.) students. [Dofleinia Wassilieff, 1908, Palmicellaria dofleini Buchner, 1924, Acasta dofleini P. Krüger, 1911, Nemopsis dofleini Maas, 1909, Lobiancha dofleini (Zugmayer, 1911), Histioteuthis dofleini (Pfeffer, 1912), Enteroctopus dofleini (Wülker, 1910), Pasiphaea dofleini Schmitt, 1932, Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) dofleini Augustin, Sympagurus dofleini (Balss, 1912), Paralomis dofleini Balss, 1911, Siphonogorgia dofleini Kükenthal, 1906, Eleutherobia dofleini Kükenthal, 1906].

Prof. Dr. Valentin Aleksandrovich Dogiel, (26 Feb. (Gregorian calender) - Kazan) 1882-1955 (1 June - Leningrad), Russian parasitologist, PhD in 1913 and from that time director of the department of invertebrate zoology in St. Petersburg State University after Schewiakoff (who had left the department to become a vice minister in the government). Dogiel founded the disciplin ecological parasitology and had a vast number of disciples, e.g. Poljansky (q.v.), A.V. Ivanov (q.v.), Strelkow (q.v.), Bykhovski (q.v.), Scarlato (q.v.) and Raikov (q.v.). [Iophon dogieli Koltun, 1955, Dogielinotus Gurjanova 1953, Phascolion dogieli Murina, 1964, Cucullanus dogieli Krotas, 1959, Zschokkella dogieli Pogoreltseva, 1964, Chloromyxum dogieli Kovaleva, 1988, Plagioporus dogieli Pogoreltseva, 1975, Philometyroides dogieli Vismanis & Jukhimenko, 1974 (nematode), Cucullanus dogieli Krotas, 1959 (nematode), Stephanoprora dogieli Holcman-Spector & Olague, 1989 (trematode), Phyllodistomum dogieli Pigulewsky, 1953 (trematode), Euplotes dogieli Agamaliev, 1967, Schizocaryum dogieli Poljansky & Golikova, 1957 (infusoria), Cephaloidophora dogieli Belofastova & Lozovsky, 2008 (gregarine), Dendronucleata dogieli Sokolovskaia, 1962, Echinorhynchoides dogieli Achmerov et al., 1941 (acanthocephala), Dicyemennea dogieli Bogolepova, 1962 (dicyemida), Greniera (=Eusimulium) dogieli (Ussova, 1959) (diptera), Afrobisium dogielis (Redikorzev), Microbisium dogieli (Redikorzev, 1924), Tetramorium dogieli Karavaiev, 1931 (arthropods), Nuditheca dogieli Naumov, 1952 (hydroid), Oligobrachia dogieli Ivanov, 1957 (pogonophore)]. His father Aleksander Stanislavovich Dogiel, (27 Jan. - Panevėžys, Lithuania) 1852-1922 (19 Nov. - St. Petersburg), was also professor in St. Petersburg and considered to be the founder of neurohistology in Russia. (Prof. Albina Gaevskaja, Sevastopol, kindly added several eponyms).

Neopisosoma dohenyi Haig, 1960 was named for Mr. Patrick Anson Doheny, 1923?-, Beverly Hills, California, who sponsored the expedition on which the holotype was taken.

William H. Doherty, (15 May - Cincinnati) 1857-1901 (25 May - Nairobi), US Entomologist (butterfly specialist) / Malacologist, collecting in east Africa.

Anton Dohrn : (see Greeff). Anton Dohrn's son Reinhard (Rinaldo) Dohrn, (13 Mar. - Napoli) 1880-1962 (14 Dec. - Roma), succeded in 1909 his father as director of the Stazione Zoologica at Naples. He himself was succeded by his son Peter (Pietro) Dohrn, in 1956, when he retired. Peter D. remained in charge until 1967 [Erythrops peterdohrni Bacescu & Schiecke, 1974, likely Reinhard D. is honoured in Paraturbanella dohrni Remane, 1927, Diurodrilus dohrni Gerlach, 1953 & Occultocythereis dohrni (Puri, 1963)].

Lacking information about Doli in the the polyplacophoran name Ischnochiton dolii Van Belle & Dell' Angelo, 1998.

The bivalve Callogonia cyrili von Cosel & Salas, 2001 is named for Cyril Dolin, 19??-, "an ardent paleontologist, who skilfully restored one of the specimens used in this study ...". (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, Californa kindly corrected an originally wrong spelling of the generic name).

Robert-Philippe F. Dollfus, (20 July) 1887-1976 (19 Feb.), French parasitologist. Directeur de recherche au C.N.R.S, Paris. He had an astonishly long scientific career which was not affected by his "retirement" in 1957, and published from 1912 to 1976 more than 400 papers and books on systematics of varied groups such as Crustacea, Fish, and parasites, including Trematodes and Trypanorhynch Cestodes. Also a collector of many specimens during French scientific expeditions in Morocco, Red Sea, and the Arctic. He was the first President (1962) of the French Society of Parasitology. [Robertdollfusa, Sepia dollfusi Adam, 1941, Cercaria dollfusi ?Arvy, 1951?, Diplectanum dollfusi Oliver, 1980, Dollfusiella Beveridge & Campbell, 1994, Echeneibothrium dollfusi (Euzet, 1953), Calozodion dollfusi Gutu, 1989, Gorgorhynchus robertdollfusi Golvan, 1956, Streptocaulus dollfusi (Billard, 1924), Galactosomum dollfusi Pearson, 1973, Sphyriocephalus dollfusi Busserieras & Aldrin, 1968, Calozodion dollfusi Gutu, 1989, Grillotia dollfusi Carvajal, 1971, Cladiella dollfusi Tixier-Durivault, 1943, Prosorchis dollfusi Kurochkin, Paruchin & Korotaeva, 1971, Synhimantus robertdollfusi Desportes, 1947]. He was son of the geologist, malacologist and phycologist Gustave Frédéric Dollfus, (26 Nov. - Paris) 1850-1931 (6 Nov. - Paris) [Chrysallida dollfusi Kobelt, 1903, Ocenebra dollfusi Lamy, 1938, Sepiella dollfusi W. Adam, 1941, Crenella dollfusi Ph. Dautzenberg] and cousin of the French naturalist Adrien Dollfus, (21 Mar. - Mulhouse) 1858-1921 (19 Nov. - Paris), who published i.a. on isopods [Eocuma dollfusi Calman, 1907, Stenothoe dollfusi Chevreux, 1887, Jaeropsis dollfusi Norman, 1899, Arcturella dollfusi Monod, 1925, Eurydice dollfusi Monod, 1930, Diastylis dollfusi Fage, 1928]. (Prof. Jean-Lou Justine, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, kindly updated the information, supplied the information regarding relations between Adrien and and his relatives, added one of the names honouring R.-Ph. Dollfus and is suspecting that a few of the names here attributed to the father and cousin of R.-Ph. Dollfus, possibly may honour Robert-Philippe, because he knew e.g. Monod rather well. He also supplied a copy of a biographical "Nécrologie" in Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée (Paris), 1976, 51: 263-270; Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided two of the eponyms).

Mlle Clymène Dollfus, 19??-, the daughter of R.-Ph. Dollfus, found type material of the nudibranch Rolandia dollfusae Pruvot-Fol, 1953 in Morocco, where she lived. (Prof. Jean-Lou Justine, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, kindly informed about her relation to R.-Ph. Dollfus)

Dr. Joseph (José de) Dombey, (22 Feb. - Mâcon, France) 1742-1794 (18 Feb. Montserrat, West Indies), French physician, naturalist and explorer in e.g. Peru, is honoured in the bivalve name Tagelus dombeii (de Lamarck, 1818).

Eduardo Donath-Hernández, 19??-, Mexican cumacean taxonomist working in Miami, USA (at least during 2008), is recognized in Eunice donathi Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998, for his collection efforts for establish a reference collection of several other invertebrate groups, including polychaetes.

Dr. Vitaliano Donati, (Padova) 1717-1762 (26 Feb. - Arabian Sea, close to Mangalore, India, when traveling on a Turkish ship to Mangalore), Italian physician and naturalist, pioneer naturalist in the Adriatic Sea, but living his last years in the Levantic area.

Lacking information about Donavin in the monogenean name Microcotyle donavini van Beneden & Hesse, 1863. It was found in Labrus bergylta Ascanius, 1767, which have the synonym name Labrus donavini Valenciennes, 1839, but who was Donovin in Valenciennes' species name?

Dondan : (see Donald Dan).

Lacking information about Dondon in the crab name Praebebalia dondonae Chen, 1989.

Dr. Terence John Done , 1947-, Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, is honoured in the scleractinian namea Acropora donei Veron & Wallace, 1984.

The Steamer Captain and colonial magistrate James Donnan, 1837-1915, is honoured in the harpacticoid name Syngastes donnani (Thompson & Scott, 1903). Donnan inspected Ceylon pearl banks for the government.

Edward Donovan, (19 Mar. - Cork, Ireland) 1768-1837 (1 Feb. - London), English writer, traveller and amateur zoologist. Founder of London Museum and Institute of Natural History. He had a considerable fortune in early life, but collecting travels took most of his money, so at the end his family became poor. In the beginning of the 19:th century, he published 'The Natural History of British Shells ....' in several volumes. [Donovaniella Nordsieck, 1968, Semele bellastriata donovani McGinty, 1955]. The US malacologist James William Donovan, 1898-1966, is a namesake.

Carl (Karl) Fredrik Lindemann Dons, (3 May - Borgund, Møre og Romsdal) 1882-1949, zoological curator at the Tromsø Museum from 1909. In 1920 he became curator at the Museum in Trondheim and when Nordgaard (q.v.) died in 1931, he also became head of the biological station there. Decapod crustaceans was his main taxon, but he was interested in all the marine fauna and published on several groups [Donsiella Stephensen, 1936, Crella donsi Burton,1931, Hymedesmia donsi Alander, 1937, Mesacanthion donsitarvae (Allgén, 1935), Donsinema Allgén, 1949, Oncholaimus donsi (Allgén, 1947), Pontonema donsi (Allgén, 1932), Pseudonchus donsi Allgén, 1948, Microlaimus donsi Allgén, 1935, Donsinemella Allgén, 1949, Antomicron donsi (Allgén, 1947), Tarvaia donsi Allgén, 1934, Daptonema donsi (Allgén, 1948), Lagotia donsi Hadzi, 1951, Microlaimus donsi Allgén, 1935, Vaginicola donsi Kahl, 1935, Platycola donsi Kahl, 1933].

Dora : (see Banner).

d'Orbigny : (see Owen).

The Italian Marquis Giacomo Doria, (1 Nov.) 1840-1913 (19 Sep.), from La Spezia, who was a passionate naturalist and founded the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale in Genoa in 1867, is honoured in the gastropod name Eubranchus doriae Trinchese, 1874.

Doris in Ophnurgus dorisae Pawson 2002 : (see Pawson).

Prof. S.V. Dorofeev, 1893-1962, Russian marine biologist.

Triglops dorothy Pietsch & Orr, 2006 : (see Charles Henry Gilbert).

The gastropod Terebra dorothyae Bratcher & Burch, 1970 was obtained from Dorothy and Robert Janowsky's collection, so the collector Dorothy (Dottie) Ann Janowsky, 1942-, West Hempstead, NY, is the honoured person. (See also Janowsky).

Lacking information about Dorothy in the Florida polychaete name Phalacrostemma dorothyae Kirtley, 1994.

Dr. K. Padma Dorothy, 19??-, at the Andhra Univ., India, is studying presumptive intermediate hosts for parasites in the Bay of Bengal.

The amphipod Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt, 1925) was first collected by Major Arthur Algernon Dorrien-Smith, (28 Jan. - Shalton Audley, Oxfordshire) 1876-1955, D.S.O., governor of the Isles of Scilly, in 1924.

Dorvillea Parfitt,1866 got it's name from Mr. Henry Dorville, (baptized in 1792 at an age of around 2 years) ca 1790-1874 (by the late H. Dorville's bequest, the Linnean Society received in 1874 some Montagu documents and a miniature of Montagu, dated 3 Dec. 1874), who showed Parfitt the manuscript, which his mother Elizabeth Dorville, 17??-1844, partly had illustrated for George Montagu (q.v.), her life companion after she had divorced John Dorville, who was a partner of her Danish father Georg Wolff in a London company. She had 3 children together with him before the divorce, and beside Henry, George and Elizabeth later also got the daughter Louisa Montagu. From some of those illustration, Parfitt described the genus and it's type species D. lobata (= D. rubrovittata (Grube,1855)). H. Dorville also inherited the microscope, which Montagu had used. Henry was the son of George Montagu, but was using his mothers family name, as she never officialy married Montagu. The Montagu / Dorville couple also later got a younger daughter in 1801, named Arabella (likely after Montagu's sister, who also had this name), but it is very dubious that the polychaete genus name Arabella Grube, 1850 has any connection with Montagu's daughter, despite that Montagu in 1804 described the species now known as Arabella incolor.

Prof. Maxwell Stanford Doty, 1916-1996 (8 Apr.), who in 1947 published on Oregon marine algae and later, when working at the Univ. of Hawai (from 1951) on algal economy in farmed coral reefs, is honoured in Scytosiphon dotyi Wynne, 1969. He was a founder of the Phycological Society of America and the International Seaweed Symposium.

The copepod name Leptocaris doughertyi Lang, 1965 is in honour of a person considered to have been a genious by several persons, Dr. Ellsworth Charles Dougherty, (21 July) 1921-1965 (21 Dec. - Berkeley, California), physician and zoologist (working i.a. on nematodes), Univ. of California, Berkeley. Also the Antarctic Mount Dougherty is named for him. [Serpentiplana doughertyi Karling 1965, Madafilaroides doughertyi Chabaud & Brygoo, 1960].

Douglas : (see Katharine Jane Douglas).

Lacking information about the original collector Major Douglas in the W American octocoral name Pacifigorgia douglasii (Hickson, 1928).

David Douglas, (25 June - Scone) 1799-1834 (13 July - Hawaii), a poor Scottish collector of plants and animals, who helped by Hooker, was sent to North America (mainly western parts), later Galapagos, Hawaii, etc. during 3 American journeys, being a very productive collector. However, during the last journey he fell into an animal trap pit and was trampled to death by a steer (young bull), which had fallen in previously. Several plant names honour his name, e.g. the Douglas fir. (see this web site).

The scaphopod name Gadila doumenci Scarabino, 1995 is honouring Prof. Dominique Doumenc, 1945-, Director of the laboratory of marine invertebrates and malacology at MNHN, Paris and a specialist of sea anemones. (Dr. Métivier, MNHN, Paris, kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Dounia? in the cumacean name Iphinoe douniae Ledoyer, 1965.

Lyria doutei Bouchet & Bail 1991 was named for Mr. Harald Douté, 19??-2006 (7 Nov.), from Bad Sackingen, Germany, shell collector.

M.P. Doutre, 19??-, chef du service de peche du Sénégal, who i.a. published together wioth Cadenat (q,v.) [Dipturus doutrei (Cadenat 1960)].

The nematod Thoracostomopsis doveae Warwick, 1970 was found from Laminaria holdfasts at M.L.W.S.T. below the Dove Marine Laboratory, so it is not an eponym honouring a person.

Dov Peled : (see Peled).

The actinian name Anthopleura dowii Verrill A. E., 1869 and the decapod name Euphylax dowii Stimpson, 1860 are both honouring Captain John Melmouth Dow, (New York City) 1827-1892 (New York City), who collected in central America. He was a sea captain, active much in Panama.

Lacking information about Tom Dow in the gastropod name Fusinus dowianus Olsson, 1954.

Maureen Elizabeth Downey, 19??-2000 (14 May - San Juan Island) , Echinoderm specialist at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, where she worked from 1960 until her retirement in 1990. She is likely most known for her book with Ailsa Clark (q.v), "Starfishes of the Atlantic", published in 1992.

Lacking information about Doze in the decapod name Eualus dozei (A. Milne-Edwards, 1891)

Prof. Pierre Drach, (20 Sep.) 1906-1998 (6 Jan.), director of the Laboratoire Arago, Banyuls, France [Laophonte drachi Médioni & Soyer, 1967, Axonolaimus drachi Luc & de Coninck, 1959, Coloboceras drachi Monniot, 1962, Phyllophorus drachi Cherbonnier & Guille, 1968, Typhlamphiascus drachi Soyer, 1964, Leviapseudes drachi Bacescu, 1984, Didemnum drachi Lafargue, 1975, Ophelicola drachi Laubier, 1978, Eualus drachi Noël, 1978, Tracheloraphis drachi Dragesco, 1960, Sabellacheres drachi Laubier, 1968, possibly the red algal names Porphyra drachi Feldmann & Drachiella].

Dr. Jean Dragesco, (26 Apr. - Dragescu, close to Cluy, Romania) 1920-, French (left Romania during the autumn 1941) sand-living (and free-living) ciliate worker, who began publishing in 1952 and achieved his PhD in 1960. He was a good friend of e.g. Leví (q.v.) & Swedmark (q.v.). [Tetranchyroderma dragescoi Swedmark, 1967, Tachysoma dragescoi Song & Wilbert, 1997, Glaucoma dragescui [sic!] Corliss, 1971 (possibly this spelling may have intended to notify the Romanean origin of Dragesco's family name)]. During the 1960s he also became a professional wild-life film maker and later a world reknowned astrophotographer (i.e. photographing stars, planets, etc.) and has published several books on these items. In connection with his 80:th birtday, an asteroid (in this case a minor planet, not a sea star) was named after him by the International Astronomical Union. (His friend Richard McKim, who has translated one of his books dealing with astrophotography to English, kindly confirmed that the biologist and astrophotographer is one and the same person and added in 2008 that "Until a year or two ago he maintained a private laboratory at his home in St Clement de Riviere, France.").

The gastropod Euspira draconis (Dall, 1903) got it's name from the British naval leader and privateer Sir Francis Drake, (Tavistock, Devon) 1546-1596 (Portobelo, Panama), who was nicknamed "El Draco" by the Spaniards. Dall stated in his original description that he named the species in his honor. This was likely triggered by the fact that one of the four localites mentioned in the original description of E. draconis, and the one mentioned first, is Drake's Bay in California. The other three were Monterey, off Farallones Islands, and off Avalon, Catalina Island. Drake's Bay was discovered by Sir Francis Drake on July 26, 1579 on his voyage around the globe and was used by him to rest his crew and refit his ship, the "Golden Hind", for more than one month. As was customary at the time, he claimed the entire territory for the British Crown, naming it "New Albion". Interestingly, the label of the holotype at the Smithsonian (USNM 172859) states "Monterey Bay" as the type locality,while in the USNM type database the locality is given as "Drake's Bay, California; specimen taken by the R/V "Albatross, stn. 3125, at 15 fathoms, 54.7 degree F". (Dr. Rick Harbo, Canada, kindly provided this information received by him from Prof. Dr. Michael Hollmann, Germany).

The gastropod names Crassispira drangai Schwengel, 1951 and Conus drangai Schwengel, 1955 honouring Theodore (Ted) Thomas Dranga, (19 Aug. - Hilo, Hawaii) 1901-1956 (29 Oct. - Mahe, Seyschelles), Californian malacologist, who already as a boy in Hawaii had collected shells and corals and later together with his wife Anna Dranga collected mollusks during this period. Conus bartschi andrangae Schwengel, 1955 was named for his wife and Conus recurvus helenae Schwengel, 1955 was named for his mother Carrie Helen Thomas Dranga, (Oxford, England) 1866-1940 (Hilo, Hawaii), Hawaiian painter artist, who with her husband (married in December 1896) lived in Oakland, California between 1894-1900, but moved to Hawaii in 1900. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided T.T. Dranga's first names and the dates)

Jaques Philippe Raymond Draparnaud, (3 June - Montpellier) 1772-1804 (12 Pluviôse (i.e. 2 Feb.) - Montpellier), French zoologist (e.g. malacologist) and botanist.

Mr. Bertram Compton Draper, 1904-2000, from Chicago, later settled in Los Angeles as a Reseach Associate in Malacology at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, "studied minute Pacific shells" [Crenavolva (Cuspivolvva) draperi Cate & Azuma in Cate,1973, Homalopoma draperi McLean, 1984, Bushia (Pseudocyathodonta) draperi Coan, 1990]. (Lindsey T. Groves, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, kindly provided some of this information).

Baron Richard von Drasche-Wartinberg, (18 Mar. - Wien) 1850-1923 (14 July - Wien), the geoscientist who organized an exploring expedition to the Indian Ocean and East Asia during 1875-76, who thanks to his fathers brick industries became one of the wealthiest citicens in the Austrian empire, also published on ascidians during the 1880s. [Aplidium draschei Brunetti, 2007, Porrocaecum draschei Stossich , 1896, Oxyuris draschei Stossich, 1898, Spiriferella draschei Cooper, 1957, Cystodytes draschei Michaelsen 1924]

The trematode name Maritrema dathei Odening, 1963 is in honour of Prof. Dr. Heinrich Dathe, (7 Nov. - Reichenbach) 1910-1991 (6 Jan. - Berlin-Friedrichsfelde), a Director of the Zoological Garden in Berlin. (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided this information).

Dr. Charles Frank Drechsler, (1 May - near. Butternut, Wisconsin) 1892-1986 (5 Feb.), US fungiologist [Drechslera Ito, 1930].

Johann Fran(t)z Drège, (25 Mar. - Altona, Hamburg) 1794-1881 (3 Feb. - Altona Hamburg), collected algae in South Africa between 1826-34. He and his younger brother Eduard travelled to South Africa in 1826 to see their older brother Carl Friedrich Drège, 1791-1868, who had established himself in the Cape area as an apothecary in 1821. The brothers started there as professional natural history collectors. Carl collected zoological items and Franz botanical items. Carl went back to Europe with a large collection in July 1833 but returned to South Africa in 1836, while Franz returned to Germany with his collections in 1834 and opened a nursery business after coming home. (The younger brother Eduard in this Huguenot descent family became a watchmaker).

Johannes Henricus Dreissen (originally Driessens), (Sittard) 1782-18??, was a phamacist in Louvain (honoured in some fresh water bivalve names).

The gastropod name Globisinum drewi R. Murdoch, 1899 was named in honour of "my friend Mr. S.H. Drew, Hon. Curator, Public Museum, Wanganui, who, by systematic collecting, has added much to our knowledge of ..." , so this is thus Samuel Henry Drew, (17 Nov. - Maidenhead, Berkshire, England) 1844-1901 (18 Dec. - Wanganui, New Zealand, by a sudden heart attack in his shop), who soon after his birth moved with his parent to Isle of Whigt, but in the beginning of the 1850s followed them to Tasmania, from where they moved to Nelson, New Zealand in mid 1860. He worked with watchmaking and jewellery together with his father, but moved himself to Wangarui in 1870, where he continued this business, but was also a very interested collector of geological and natural history samples and the main part of the Wanganui Musem's collections he had collected himself. A few namesakes are Dr. Gilman Arthur Drew, (15 Nov. - Newton,. Iowa) 1868-1934 (26 Oct. - Eagle Lake, Florida), who in 1901 became Instructor or Assistant director at Woods Hole and published on mollusks, and the British marine biologist George Harold Drew, 1883-1913, who i.a. worked on bacteria in Tortugas, Florida.

Louis A. Driessen, 1890-1954, Dutch Malacologist.

The bivalve name Semipallium dringi Reeve, 1853. is very likely a tribute to John Edward Dring, 1???-before 1884 (because he was called "the late" when refered to, that year), R.N. (Royal Navy), who took part in the Beagle circumnavigation, first as a clerk, later (after the purser George Rowlett's death in 1834) as an active purser, later collecting for John Gould (see von Wright) in NW Australia. He may likely be identical with a person by exactly that name, who was born in June 1811 and baptized 14 July that year in the colony Saint Helena, the Atlantic.

The gastropod name Mareleptopoma drivasi Le Renard & Bouchet, 2000 is honouring Jean Drivas, 19??-, with Greek roots, "one time resident of La Réunion and enthusiastic collector of Indo-Pacific micromolluscs" [Pseudorhaphitoma drivasi Kilburn, 1993].

Prof. Claude Drogue, 19??-, Laboratoire d'Hydrogéologie Université Montpellier II, must be the honoured person in the harpacticoid name Gelyella droguei Rouch & Lescher-Moutoué, 1977.

Henri Drouët, 1829-1900, French naturalist, who published on i.a. molluscs, e.g. ftom the Azores. In 1854 he visited these islands, Angola and French Guyana on a collection trip. He also had been inspector of prison service in Algeria, private secretary to the prefect of Wien, etc. [Trophon droueti Dautzenberg, 1889]. The phycologist Francis Elliott Drouet, (1 Mar. - Philadelphia) 1907-82 (2 Dec.), is a namesake.

Prof. James Lawson Drummond, (Larne,. Co. Antrim) 1783-1853 (17 May - Belfast), naturalist from Northern Ireland, professor of anatomy at the Academical Institution, Belfast (later incorporated in Queen's College), who found that Facelina bostoniensis (Couthouy, 1838) was common at Bangor, Wales. He was a deeply religous man, who 1n 1820 had published (anonymously) his "Thoughts on the sudy of natural history ...", which stimulated the foundation of a natural history society (with Drummond as president) in Belfast, which in 1831 opened a musem [Thyonidium drummondi (W. Thompson, 1840), Echiodon drummondi Thompson, 1837, possibly Lamellodiscus drummondi Euzet & Oliver, 1967].

The monogenean name Lamellodiscus drummondi Euzet & Oliver, 1967 is named in honor of Dr. F. H. Drummond, 19??-, Melbourne University. (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided this information).

Dru Drury, (4 Feb. - London) 1725-1803 (15 Jan. - Turnham Green), wealthy English merchant in the silversmith business. Married to his half sister. During the last part of his life his son took over the business and Druru began collecting insects, becoming a prominent entomologist.

Lacking information about Drux in the kinorhynch name Echinoderes druxi d'Hont, 1978.

Prof. Erich Dagobert von Drygalski, (9 Feb. - Königsberg (now Kaliningrad)) 1865-1949 (10 Jan. - München), professor of geography and geophysics in Berlin, became the leader of the German South Polar Expedition with "Gauss" in 1901-03 [Paradinonemertes drygalskii Brinkmann, 1915-16, Bathyepsilonema drygalskii Steiner, 1931, Clathrozoella drygalskii (Vanhöffen, 1910), Bythotiara drygalskii Vanhöffen, 1912, Fritillaria drygalskii Lohmann in Bückmann, 1923, Cnemidocarpa drygalskii (Hartmeyer, 1911), Trophon drygalskii J. Thiele, 1912, Plagiostomum drygalskii Böhmig, 1914, Larymare drygalskii (Bock, 1931)]

The Polish copepodologist Prof. Idzi Drzycimski, 19??-, Faculty of Marine Fishery & Food Technology Agricultural University of Szczecin, Poland is honoured in the harpacticoid name Metahuntemannia drzycimskii Soyer, 1970. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savvelli kindly provided the address).

Lacking information about Duarte in the scaphopod name Wemersoniella duartei Scarabino, 1986. Possibly Dr. Carlos Manuel Duarte Quesada, (Lisboa) 1960-, coastal ecologist at the Institut Mediterrani d'Estudis Avancats (CSIC-UIB) in Mallorca, Spain, but a more probable candidate may be Eliseo Duarte Strambi, 1896-1987, (see Strambi). (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided the the suggestion about most probable candidate, his name and dates).

The foraminiferan name Adelosina dubai (d'Orbigny, 1826) may possibly have originated in the Dubai region (including Abu Dhabi, which formerly often was called Abu Dubai in western countries)?

du Baty : (see Rallier du Baty).

Duben : (see Düben).

Lacking information about Dubinin in the digenean name Holostephanus dubinini Vojtek & Vojtkova, 1968 and in the cestodan name Anamotaenia dubininae (Spassky, 1968), but possibly in honour of the polar captain A.I. Dubinin, 1908-1963, who was in command on the vessels "Lena" 1956-58 and "Ob" 1958-63 during the Russian Antarctic Expeditions? A Sea trough at 67°40'S-80°55'E to 68°00'S-78°00'E is named for this captain. However, more likely named after either Prof. Dr. V.B. Dubinin, (feather mite researcher), E.V. Dubinin or M.N. Dubinin, all parasitologists.

Lacking information about Dubois in the digenean name Parvatrema duboisi (Dollfus, 1923). Could the name possibly honour Louis A. Dubois, who collected shells in Argentina? There are also a French naturalist named Raphaël Horace Dubois, (20 June - Le Mans (Sarthe)) 1849-1929, publishing i.a. on Pholas (and also beeing a pioneer in the physiology of light in animals) and an ornithologist Dr. Alphonse Joseph Charles Dubois, (Aix-la-chapelle) 1839-1921, MD in Brussels - moving to Coxyde-sur-mer after retirement (the son of th U.K. based Charles Frédéric Dubois, (28 May - Barmen, Prussia) 1804-67 (12 Nov. - Bruxelles), also ornithologist), who may be possible candidates. A person named Ralph Dubois also published in French on copper in terrestrial and marine animals in 1901. More probably the Swiss? parasitologist Dr. G. Dubois, 19??-, who published on trematodes - at least from the 1930s (PhD dissertation in 1935) on, may be the honored person. (Cédric Audibert, Lyon, kindly provided the exact birth place and date of R.H. Dubois).

Prof. Octave Joseph Duboscq, (30 Oct. - Rouen) 1868-1943 (18 Feb. - Nice), French zoologist (protistologist), working as the first French Director at the Station Zoologique de Villefranche-sur-mer (and director of Laboratiore Arago in Banyuls in the beginning of the 1920s). Also professeur honoraire à la Sorbonne, Paris [Asellopsis dubosqui Monard, 1926, Coeloplana duboscqui Dawydoff, 1930, Ctenoplana duboecqui Dawydoff, 1929, Audouinella duboscqii (Feldmann) Garbary].

Dubrawski : (see Rajmund).

Peyssonnelia dubyi Crouan frat., 1844 and Schizymenia dubyi (Chauvin ex Duby, 1830) J. Agardh, 1851 are both named for the botanist Jean Étienne Duby, (15 Feb. - Genève) 1798-1885 (24 Nov. - Genève).

Tibia laurenti Duchamps 1992 is named for children Laurent Duchateau, 19??-, "nipote dell'autore", i.e. either brother's or sister's children or grandchildren.

Dr. Édouard Placide Duchassaing de Fontbressin, (31 Mar.? - Guadeloupe, in a French-Creole family of planters) 1819-1873 (31 Aug.? - Périgueux). He was sent to France and went to school and university in Paris, obtaining a doctorate in medicine, geology and zoology. He then settled on Guadeloupe as a physician. He traveled to neighbouring islands Nevis, St. Eustatius, St Martin, St. Barthelemy, St. Croix, Cuba and Panama, treating people having cholera. Around 1850 he went to Copenhagen to obtain a Danish degree of medicine, after which he settled on St. Thomas in the Danish Virgin Islands. In 1867 he retreated to France and died there 6 years later. He collected natural objects, especially plants, and sent these to Europe. From 1848 onwards he collected sponges. In 1850 a first short paper on sponges from the Antilles appeared, and a checklist of "zoophytes" of the Antilles was produced in 1870, but his major contribution was the work - coauthored by the Italian lawyer Michelotti (q.v.) (who he first met and became a friend of in 1855 when Michelotti during 3 months stayed in the West Indies) - published in 1864 entitled "Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe". This was the first work containing water colours of sponges made from specimens fresh from the water (an example is shown here). The intriguing history of this collection and the location of the type specimens may be found in Wiedenmayer (1977: 249-253) and Van Soest et al. (1983). Duchassaing and Michelotti also collected and described other hard bottom animals, like e.g. corals [Amorphina duchassaingi Topsent, 1889, Stylaster duchassaingi de Pourtalès, 1867]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided most of this information).

Pierre Louis Duclos, 1???-1853, French malacologist, who described many Olividae and other tropical molluscs of comparatively large size [Oliva jaspidea f. duclosi Reeve, 1850, Rissoina duclosi Montrouzier & Souverbie, 1866]. There is an exact namesake who married Catherine Samson Aug. 10 1841 in Lauzon, Quebec, but he is likely not identical with the malacologist.

Roger Ducousso, 19??-, Tahiti, "head of the scientific program of the SMCB", was honoured in the squat lobster name Munida ducoussoi Macpherson & de Saint Laurent, 1991 "for his support of this work". [Sphaerodromia ducoussoi McLay, 1991].

Prof. Endre Dudich Sr., (20 Mar. - Nagysalló) 1895-1971 (5 Feb. - Budapest), Biology Departments of Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary, where he made research on the crustacean exoskeleton (and also being a prominent speleologist), is honoured in the ostracod name Sphaeromicola dudichi Klie, 1938.

Prof. Dr. Patricia Louise Dudley, (22 May - Denver, Colorado) 1929-2004 (30 Sep. - Seattle), copepodologist, who began her studies at the Univ. of Colorado, achieved her PhD at the Univ. of Washington in 1957 (beeng a PhD student of Paul Illg (q.v.)), but accepted a professorship at Columbia Univ. in 1959 and remained there, however also studying copepods at Friday Harbor Laboratories during summers [Haplostoma dudleyae Ooishi, 1998]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided some of the information. Obituary in Monoculus 48).

The French soldier and algal collector, Colonel A. du Dresnay de Saint Pol-de-Léon, [Dudresnaya Crouan & Crouan, 1835, Desmarestia dresnayi Lamouroux ex Leman, 1819], is identical to a son of Louis-Marie-Ambroise-René du Dresnay, (16 Nov. - Minihy-de-Léon) 1741-1798 (21 Feb. - London), because this person's father Joseph-Michel-René, comte de Dresnay, 1707-1784, was gouverneur et commendant des villes de Saint-Pol-de-Léon et Roscoff, but L.-M.-A.-R. du Dresnay died himself during the French revolution in exile in London, but he was married and had 2 sons and 4 daughters. Oldest among them was Gui-Marie-Joseph-Gabriel-Ambroise, marquis de Dresnay, (1 Mar. - Saint Pol-de-Léon) 1770-1837, who became a colonel de cavalerie. He married in 1790 and lived on Jersey between 1791-1800, (where he recruited army volunteers who wanted to defend the French monarchy against the revolution), but then returned to France. At age 51 he retired, to be able to work on botany and his primary interest was algae.

The malacological (and also of other natural history things) collector, comte de Dudressier, 1???-18??, is honoured in the ammonite name Xiphoceras dudressieri (d'Orbigny, 1845). Other palaeontological names include Ammonites dudressieri d'Orbigny, Millericrinus dudressieri d'Orbigny, 1841 and Amblycoceras dudressieri.

Dr. James Edwin Duerden, (Burnley, Lancashire) 1869-1937 (4 Sep. - Leeds), British zoologist, who achieved his PhD at the Univ. of North Carolina in 1900 and who publised on West Indian Madreporarians, is honoured in the actinian name Homostichanthus duerdeni Carlgren, 1900 and in the madreporarian name Pavona duerdeni Vaughan, 1907.

The diatom name Navicula duerrenbergiana Hustedt in A. Schmidt Atlas is not named for a person, but was found in i.a. salines in Dürrenberg.

Lacking information about Duffus in the gastropod name Pterynotus duffusi (T. Iredale, 1936).

The shrimp Synalpheus duffyi Anker and Tóth, 2008, must honour the US decapod worker Prof. J. Emmett Duffy, 19??-, but the gastropod name Muricopsis duffyi E. J. Petuch, 1992 may possibly honour another person?

Pierre Dufresne, 1786-1836, botanist and natural history collector from Geneva, who travelled and collected in Chile. The French taxidermist at the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (and malacologist) Louis Dufresne, (18 Jan. - Champien, N France) 1752-1832, is a namesake [Melanella dufresnii Bowdich, 1822, Zidona dufresnei (Donovan, 1823)]. The isopod Cymothoa dufresni Leach, 1818 is named for one of them, but for whom?.Later similar names like Gaussicuma dufresnae Watling & Gerken, 1999 is not named directly for a person, but for R.V. "Marion Dufresne", French research vessel, which i.a. have been used along the Atlantic South American coast. This ship must itself be named for Marc Joseph "Macé" (or Nicolas Thomas) Marion-Dufresne, (Saint Malo) 1724-1772 (12 July - Moturua, New Zealand, where he and several of his men were killed by Maori inhabitants and Julien Crozet, his second in command, carried out violent retribution before leaving Moturua), French traveller together with Bougainville (q.v.) , Kerguelen-Trémarec (q.v.) and others.

Dr. Kaspar Erasmus Duftschmid, (19 Nov. - Gmunden) 1767-1821 (17 Dec. - Linz), naturalist and physician, father of the more well-known botanist and physician Dr. Johann Baptiste Duftschmid, (22 July - Linz) 1804-1866 (11 Dec.).

Prof. Dr. Antoine-Léon Delzescaut Dugès, (19 Dec. - Mézières (Ardennes)) 1797-1838 (1 May - Montpellier), was a physician and naturalist (a disciple of Cuvier) and is honoured in the limnic (- weakly brackish water) genus Dugesia. His son the physician Prof. Dr. Alfred (known as Alfredo in Mexico) Auguste Delsescautz Dugès, 1826-1910, emigrated to Mexico in 1852 and became French Consul-General at Guanajuto, Mexico and Prof. of zoology there and considered as the father of Mexican herpetology. He collected much together with his brother Eugenio Dugès, 1826-1895, who was an entomologist.

The copepod name Herrmannella duggani Holmes & Minchin, 1991 was named for Colm B. Duggan, 19??-, Department of the Marine, Dublin, Ireland.

Prof. Guy Duhamel, 1953-, French ichthyologist at the MNHN, Paris, is honoured in the crab name Beuroisia duhameli Guinot & Richer de Forges, 1981 [Paraliparis duhameli Andriashev, 1994]. An older namesake was Henri Louis Duhamel du Monceau, 1700-1782, who i.a. aso published on fishes and fishery in France in a nicely illustrated 4 volume work from 1769-82.

Prof. Félix Dujardin, (5 Apr. - Tours) 1801-60 (8 Apr. - Rennes), a largely self-educated French professor of zoology and botany (mainly interested in foraminiferans and ciliates but was also a well-known helminthologist) first in Toulouse then in Rennes. In 1834 he proposed that single-cell animals should be put in a separate group with his suggested name Rhizopoda. They are now referred to as protozoans. [Halisarca dujardini Johnston, 1842, Acanthobothrium dujardinii van Beneden, 1849, Hypsibius dujardini (Doyère, 1840), Echinoderes dujardini Claparède, 1863, Oncholaimus dujardinii de Man, 1876].

Pierre Louis Dulong, (12 Feb. - Rouen) 1785-1838 (18 July), French physicist & chemist [Tanais dulongii (Audouin, 1826)].

Dr. André Marie Constant Duméril, (1 Jan. - Amiens) 1774-1860 (14 Aug. - Paris), French physician, herpetologist and ichthyologist; one of the most well-known of Cuvier's disciples. He was marrried to the sister of F.E. Delaroche (q.v.). [Platynereis dumerili (Audouin & H. Milne-Edwards, 1834), Seriola dumerili (Risso, 1810), Callopora dumerilii (Audouin, in de Savigny, 1826), Rocinela dumerilii (Lucas, 1849), Sphaeroma dumerilii Leach, 1818, Cantherines dumerilii (Hollard)]. His son Auguste Henri André Duméril. (30 Nov.) 1812-1870 (12 Nov. - during the Siege of Paris), was a physician and zoologist like his father, and followed much in his father's footsteps and Duméril Sr. trapped down his activities during the 1850s, retireing completely in 1857, to let his son take over.

Quoy & Gaimard took part in a French circumnavigation with the corvette "Astrolabe" 1826-29 directed by the admiral Jules Sébastien César Dumont d'Urville, (23 May - Condé sur Noireau, Calvados) 1790-1842 (8 May - Meudon), born in who earlier had been the 2:nd officer on board "La Coquille". He also acted as a botanist. In 1819 he had purchased the famous statue Venus de Milo to the French government. He and his family perished in an early railway accident at Versailles [Gymnoplax urvillei Rochebrune, 1881, Uca urvillei (H. Milne Edwards, 1852), Durvillea Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1826, Halymenia durvillei Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1828].

Baron Georges Louis Marie Dumont de Courset, (16 Sep. - Castle Courset, Boulogne-sur-Mer) 1746-1824 (3 Sep. - Boulogne-sur-Mer), French botanist [Dumontia Lamoureux, 1813]. The diatom Navicula dumontiae Baardseth & Taasen, 1973 is not directly named for him, but beeing found on the maro-algae Dumontia incrassata. Another man with a similar name was Charles Henri Fréderic Dumont de Sainte Croix, (27 Apr. - Oisemont) 1758-1830 (8 Jan. - Paris), who was Lesson's father-in-law and who wrote articles for Dict. des Science naturelles.

Le comte Barthélemy Charles Joseph Du Mortier, (3 Apr. - Tournay) 1797-1878 (9 June - Tournay), Belgian merchant, politician and well-known amateur botanist [Ectopleura dumortieri (van Beneden, 1844)]. A partial namesake was the Lyon palaeontologist and malacologist Eugène Dumortier, 1801-1876.

Prof. Michel Félix Dunal, (24 Oct. - Montpellier) 1789-1856 (29 July - Montpellier), French professor of botany at the Univ. of Montpellier [Dunaliella Teodoresco, 1905].

The eponym in the bivalve name Thyasira dunbari Lubinsky, 1976 is likely honouring the Canadian oceanographer Dr. Maxwell John Dunbar, (19 Sep. Edinburgh, Scotland) 1914-1995 (14 Feb. - Westmount, Québec) , who after studies in Oxford, Yale and McGill became a faculty member at McGill University in 1946, where he established an oceanographic laboratory and designed the first vessel (the diesel ketch Calanus built in 1948) for oceanographic studies in the Canadian Arctic. He has i.a. been mapping arctic ecological zones and, studied animal distribution in relation to climatic change. Dunbar also cooperated with Edward (Ted) H. Grainger, 1926-, chief biological oceanographer at the Arctic Biological Station in St. Anne de Bellevue (Quebec), regarding expeditions with the Calanus. Grainger retired in 1991. A namesake is the invertebrate palaeontologist Prof. Carl Owen Dunbar, (1 Jan. - Hallowell, Kansas) 1891-1979 (Apr.). at the Peabody Museum.

Rev. James Duncan, 1804-1861, British science writer, mainly within entomology.

Prof. Peter Martin Duncan, (20 Apr. - Twickenham) 1821-1891 (28 May - Gunnersbury), British naturalist, who i.a. published on the scleractinians of the Porcupine expedition, but e.g. also on echinoderms (collaborating with Sladen (q.v.)) and insects.

Likely the German ichthyologist Paul Georg Egmont Duncker, 1870-1953, may be the honoured person in the polychaete name Tomopteris dunckeri Rosa, 1908.

Prof. Nils Kristofer Dunér, (21 May - Billeberga, Skåne) 1839-1914 (10 Nov.), Swedish astronomer [Chone duneri Malmgren, 1867], Professor in Uppsala, who took part of the Swedish expedition to Spitsbergen in 1864 together with A.E. Nordenskiöld (q.v.) and the author of C. duneri, A.J. Malmgren, and later discovered that the rotation period of the sun differs much from its equator to its poles.

Prof. Wilhelm Bernhard Rudolph Hadrian Dunker, (21 Feb. - Eschwege) 1809-1885 (13 Mar. - Marburg), German palaeontologist , geologist and malacologist, born in Hessen and eventually living in Marburg an der Lahn as professor of Geology and mining at the Marburg University. He published i.a. a paper and a book on Japanese mollusks, collected by the German ship's doctor Nuhn, who for a while lived in Dejima, and sent the molluscs to Bronn (q.v.), from whom Dunker borrowed the molluscs [Dunkeria Carpenter, 1857, Schizoporella dunkeri (Reuss, 1848), Dosinia dunkeri Philippi, 1844, Gastrosaccus dunkeri Zimmer].

The ctenophore name Euplokamis dunlapae C.E. Mills, 1987, is likely honouring Dr. Helen Dunlap, 19??-, who in her unpublished PhD dissertation of 1965 reported the tentaculate species from Friday Harbor which Mertens 1833 had seen in Gulf of Alaska and called Beroe cucumis, under the name Euplokamis cucumis.

The bivalve name Nausitora dunlopei Wright, 1864 is a tribute to Edward Percival Wright's (q.v.) friend A.A. Dunlop, 18??-1???, of Baggot Street, Dublin, mentioned i.a. in a letter to Charles Darwin. Dunlop had taken the species in India.

The gastropod name Chicoreus dunni Petuch, 1987 is not in honour of the natural history objects collector Dr. Emmett Reid Dunn, (Alexandria, VA) 1894-1956, nor the US malacologist George Washington Dunn, 1814-1905, but honouring V. Roger Dunn, 1902-74, Chicago, Illinois. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Dunn in Critomolgus dunnae (Humes, 1982) : (See Fautin).

The type material of Doto dunnei Lemche, 1976 was collected via diving at West Eire by the director of the Carna Laboratory Dr. James Dunne, 1947-, later lecturing in zoology at the National University Ireland, Galway.

The sipunculoid name Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) dunwichi Edmonds, 1956 is not in honour of a person, but was found at Dunwich, North Stradbroke Island.

The nemertean name Emplectonema duoni (Joubin, 1890) is likely not named for a person, but for the small island Duon off Roscoff.

The French naval officer Abel Nicolas Georges Henri Bergasse Du Petit-Thouars, (23 Mar. - Bordeaux-en-Gâtinais, Loiret) 1832-1890 (14 May - Toulon), is likely too young to be the person honoured in the gastropod name Fusinus dupetitthouarsi (Kiener, 1846), so some relative of him may be the eponym, likely his adoptive father (who had no own children, but adopted his sister's son), the naval officer (admiral) Abel Aubert Du Petit-Thouars, (3 Aug. - castle of La Fessardière, near Saumur) 1793-1864 (16 Mar. - Paris), who i.a. led a French expedition to the Pacific 1838-39 with the frigate Vénus, or less likely Louis Marie Aubert Du Petit-Thouars, (5 Nov. - Bournois) 1758-1831 (12 May - Paris), who i.a. was a famous botanist and also a malacologist. The coral name Flabellum thouarsii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 and the sea urchin name Eucidaris thouarsii Valenciennes are honouring the last of these related gentlemen, as are several plant names and likely also the shrimp name Periclimenella petitthouarsii (Audouin, 1815). The botanist had been exiled to Madagascar after two years in prison during the revolution and began to collect plants there and on neighbourhood islands like Réunion, but returned to France after 10 years there with very large collections.

John Eleuthère DuPont, (22 Nov. - Philadelphia) 1938-, founder of the Delaware Museum of Natural History, specialist on Volutidae, but he has also published on south Pacific birds [Festilyria duponti Weaver, C.S., 1968]. This eccentric person of the well-known family was prisoned for 30 years in 1997 after having shot an olympic wrestler to death the year before. He was himself a good wrestler during his active career.

Mrs. Constance Duprey, 1917-(still living in 2004), of Nashville (Tennessee) who donated the holotype of Teramachia dupreyae Emerson, 1985 to AMNH.

The calanoid name Diaixis durani Corral Estrada, 1972 is likely in honour of the copepodologist M. Duran, 19??-, Spanish? zoologist

Dr. Jean René Durand , 19??-, Directeur de Recherches à l’Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer, must be the honoured person in the sea urchin name Clypeaster (Orthanthus) durandi Cherbonnier, 1959. He has published since at least 1963, mainly on fishes and is also honoured in the freshwater monogenean species name Thaparocleidus durandi Pariselle A., Lim, L.H.S. & Lambert, A., 2006.

Lacking information about Durckheim in the pinnotherid genus name Durckheimia De Man, 1889, but possibly in honour of the French comparative anatomist Hercule Eugène Grégoire Straus-Durckheim, 1790-1865, who i.a. compared ligaments of crustaceans.

Baron Émile Durègne de Launaguet, (likely 1850s) 18??-1938? (Nécrologie (obutuary) in 1938), Directeur de la Station Zoologique, and Secretary of the Scientific Society of Arcachon, is honoured in the actiniarian name Bunodactis duregnei (Fischer, 1889).

Dr. Marie-Claude Durette-Desset, (19 Dec.) 1937-, born and living in Paris, specialist of parasitical nematodes, who studied under Prof. A. Cabaud (q.v.), is honoured in several dessetae, but so far, none is a marine species! (Prof. Jean-Lou Justine, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, kindly provided a copy of a biographical note in Systematic Parasitology (1995) 32: 79-80).

John Wyatt Durham, (22 Aug. - Okanogan, Washington) 1907-1996 (10 July - Berkeley), Paleontologist at U.C. Berkeley, is honoured in the gastropod name Epitonium durhamianum Hertlein & Strong, 1951. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided this information).

Paul Durouchoux, 1847-1928, Belgium, published together with Dautzenberg about molluscs from St. Malo and is honoured in the bivalve name Thracia papyracea durouchouxi Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1897.

d'Urville : (see Dumont d'Urville).

The gastropod name Conus dusaveli H. Adams, 1872, which during long time was known from only one specimen, coming from a fish caught off Mauritius in 1871, but today several hundreds have been found, i.a. in the Philippine area. The collector in question may likely have been Eugène Barry Dusavel, (24 May - La Savanne, Île de France) 1808-18??.

The Swedish engineer and botanist Dr. Per Karl Hjalmar Dusén, (4 Aug. - Vimmerby) 1855-1926 (22 Jan. - Tranås), collected different organisms (of which some were marine), at least some of them ending up at the Zoological Museum, Uppsala, during his travels in South America in 1897. He also made other research travels to Africa and the Arctic. A few amphipian, reptile, fresh water fish and herb names are honouring his name, but perhaps no marine animals?

Helen DuShane, (25 Jan. - Iowa) 1907-2002 (18 May), who collected the type of Terebra dushaneae Campbell, 1964 in Baja California, was an Educator, amateur conchologist and member of the Conchological Club of Southern California. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Jean-Jacques Dussumier, (9 Apr. - Dordogne - Bergerac) 1792-1883 (19 June), French traveller (owned the ships the Buffon and George Cuvier, with which he travelled) and merchant from Bordeaux, very enthusiastic in collecting natural history objects, living several years in Paris but returning to his home town when becoming old. [Anisakis dussumieri (van Beneden, 1870), Tetronychoteuthis dussumieri d'Orbigny, 1839, Uca dussumieri Hoffmann, Salmaciella dussumieri Agassiz, in Agassiz & Desor, 1846]. Pat Matyot, Island Conservation Society/Fondation pour la Conservation des Iles, Victoria, Mahé, SEYCHELLES kindly later sent the following list of other eponyms in Dussumier's honour]: Acanthurus dussumieri - Dussumier's Surgeonfish; aka Dussumieri tang, Accipiter badius dussumieri - subspecies of Indian shikra, Ambassis dussumieri - Malabar glassy perchlet, Arius dussumieri - Blacktip Sea Catfish, Aspidontus dussumieri - Lance blenny, Austrobatrachus dussumieri - Flat toadfish, Boleophthalmus dussumieri - a species of mudskipper in India, Brama dussumieri - Lesser bream, Caligus dussumieri - a marine parasite, Carcharhinus dussumieri - Whitecheek shark, Casarea dussumieri — Round Island Keel-scaled Boa, Cinnyris dussumieri - Seychelles Sunbird, Clarias dussumieri - a species of air-breathing catfish, Coilia dussumieri - Goldspotted grenadier anchovy, Dipsochelys dussumieri - Aldabra giant tortoise, Draco dussumieri - South Indian flying dragon, Enhydris dussumieri - Dussumier's Water Snake, Hyporhamphus dussumieri - Dussumier's halfbeak. Istiblennius dussumieri - species of blenny, Johnius dussumieri - Dussumier's croaker, Labeo dussumieri - species of carp in Sri Lanka, Leiognathus dussumieri - Dussumier's ponyfish, Liza dussumieri - Dussumier's mullet, Mariaella dussumieri - an Asian species of slug, Mugil dussumieri - a species of gray mullet, Salarias dussumieri - Dussumier's blenny, Semnopithecus dussumieri - Southern Plains Gray langur, Sphenomorphus dussumieri - Dussumier's Forest Skink, Tachysurus dussumieri - catfish from the Bay of Bengal, Tetronychoteuthis dussumieri - a small mollusk, Thryssa dussumieri - Dussumier's thryssa; an anchovy.

A.P. Dutertre, 1890-1940, French geologist The names Escharina dutertrei (Audouin, 1826) and Neogloboquadrina dutertrei (d'Orbigny, 1839) must honour an earlier bearer of the same family name, likely the geologist Pierre-Nicolas? Dutertre Delporte, 17??-18??, Administrateur du Muséum, à Boulogne.

Duthiers : (see Lacaze-Duthiers).

Lacking information about Dutoit in the Indian Ocean fish name Pseudochromis dutoiti Smith. However, possibly honouring Alexander Logie DuToit, (14 Mar. - New Lands, Cape Town) 1878-1948 (25 Feb.), South African geologist, who early supported Wegener's continental drift theory.

Lodewijk van Duuren, 19??-, member of the former Dutch mollusca working group, is honoured in the gastropod name Odostomia duureni van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998.

Alfred Duvaucel, (Évreux, Eure) 1792-1824 (end of Aug. - Madras, at age 31), son from the first marriage of Mme Cuvier (see Cuvier). He was in 1817 sent to India by his stepfather together with one of the stepfather's disciples, Pierre-Médard Diard, (19 Mar. - Saint-Laurent-en-Gâtines) 1794-1863 (16 Feb. - Jakarta), to collect for the Paris Museum. They established a botanical garden in Chandernagor in 1818 and the next year they were contracted by the well-known British botanist, Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles, (6 July - Port Morant, Jamaica) 1781-1826 (5 July - Baret, England), to collect natural history objacts in Sumatra. However, when Raffles one year later discovered that they sent most of the material, not to him, but to the Museum in Paris, they were dismissed. Duvaucel went on collecting for the Paris museum in India, until he died a few years later in Madras, but Diard kept initially in Sumatra, later in different parts of Indonesia, Malaya and Indochina and was eventually engaged by the Dutch as collector for the Leiden Museum. He died in Java [Duvaucelia Risso, 1826, Loligo duvauceli d'Orbigny, 1839]. Duvaucel's sister Antoinette Sophie Laure Duvaucel, 1789-1867, - also she one of Cuvier's stepchildren (and a beautiful young lady), made a great deal of impression on W.E. Leach, when he visited Paris in 1815.

Lacking information about the palaeontologist J. Duvergier, 18??-19??, in the bryozooan name Duvergieria Vigneaux, 1949. This person published in 1924 Deuxième note sur les Bryozoaires du Néogêne de l'Aquitaine. Actes de la Société linnéenne de Bordeaux 75: 145-190, pls 1-6.

Alexander Michailovitch D'yakonov, 1886-1956, Russian echinodermatologist, who wrote several fauna books on different echinoderm groups.

Baron Dr. Magnus Wilhelm von Düben, (12 Feb. - Vegeholm, Strövelstorp Sn, Skåne, Sweden) 1814-1845 (9 Aug.), Swedish biologist from Lund, who i.a. worked on echinoderms from Skandinavia (i.a. together with Koren (q.v.)) and in from May 1843 to July 1844 undertook a collecting trip in Norway (together with Koren, Rasch (q.v.) and P.B. Boeck (q.v.). In 1839-41 he had been gymnasium teacher in natural history in Gothenburg and been able to collect much marine material in Bohuslän. [Antheacheres duebeni M. Sars,1857, Gammarus duebeni (Liljeborg, 1852), Anidolyta duebeni (Lovén, 1846), Pentagonaster dubeni ].

Prof. Dr. Benedykt Tadeusz Dybowski, (12 May - Adamarynie, Lithuanian government Minsk) 1833-1930 (31 Jan. - Lvov), Polish physician and zoologist, who was forced to spend som exile years in Siberia (after having taken part in a Lithuanian / Belorussian revolt 1863-64, foriginally he got a death penalty (through hanging), later converted to 12 years in exile), but he was then able to work in Lake Bajkal and found that the animal life in the lake was much richer than believed before and he described totally around 400 animal species from this lake. Later he continued with travels and research in different parts of Russia, mostly the eastern parts and the highest top on Bering Island carries his name, Mount Dybowski and a street in Irkutsk is also named for him. Several of his taxon names are very long and difficult to pronounce (e.g. Siemienkiewicziechinogammarus siemienkiewitschii - a Lake Bajkal amphipod, but who Siemienkiewicz was, is unknown to the compiler of these lists) [Hypoptychus dybowskii Steindachner, 1880 + several non marine species]

Lacking information about Dydymov in the fish name Artediellus dydymovi dydymovi Soldatov, 1915. Possibly named for Dydymov Harbour along the east Korean coast, named so in 1891 by the skipper and explorer Fridolf Kirillovich Gek on board the whaleboat / schooner "Nadezhda" after the sailor A.Ye. Dydymov, who had perished there on board the whaleboat "Gennadiy Nevel'skoy", or after the Russian ship "Lieutenant Dydymov", which made cruises in the beginning of the 20:th century, but perished in a storm in Oct. 1922?

Sykidion dyeri Wright, 1881 is named for the British botanist William Turner Thiselton (Thistleton) Dyer, (28 July - Westminster, London) 1843-1928 (23 Dec. - Whitcombe, Dorset), J.D. Hooker's son-in-law, who however never published on algae.

The Caribbean gastropod name Diodora dysoni (Reeve, 1850) is named for David Dyson, (Apr.) 1823-1856 (10 Dec. - Woodbine Cottage, Rusholme). He was active in England and Belize and published (although likely illitterate and if so, he probably was helped by somebody) on land and freshwater shells from the area around Manchester and had spent around a year in British Honduras between 1844-45 and was 1843 collecting in eastern parts of USA. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided this information).

Dr. Frederick Daniel Dyster, M.D., F.R.S., F.L.S., 1810-1893 (4 Mar. - Tenby), collected marine animals at Tenby, Wales - where this surgeon, who was very interested in marine zoology, lived from 1847 on (after some years living in Madeira, where he between 1843-47 had founded a 24 bed hospital), for several zoologists of his time [Filograna dysteri (Huxley, 1855), Dysteria Huxley, 1857], i.a. for his very close friend Thomas Henry Huxley, (4 May - Ealing) 1825-95 (29 June), president of Royal Society between 1883-85, renowned Darwinist (and grandfather of the author Aldous Huxley, (26 July - Godalming, Surrey) 1894-1963 (22 Nov. - Los Angeles), his brother, the biologist Julian Sorell Huxley, (22 June - London) 1887-1975 (14 Feb.), and his half-brother, the Nobel Prize awarded physiologist Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley, (22 Nov. - Hampstead, London) 1917-). T. Huxley was also a very close personal friend of Darwin, calling himself Darwin's Bulldog when defending his friend's Evolution Theory against the church's critic and all his life an outspoken agnostic - this word he coined himself in order to avoid the harsh expression atheist [Emiliania huxleyi (Lohmann) Hay & Mohler, 1967, Psalidopus huxleyi Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1892, Cuvieria huxleyi (Haeckel, 1879), Salpingoeca huxleyi Ellis, 1930, Umbellula huxleyi Kölliker, 1880, Plumularia huxleyi ]. T.H. Huxley married Henrietta (Nettie) Anne Heathorn, (1 July - West Indies) 1825-1914 (Apr. - Eastbourne, Sussex), in 1855. They had met in Sydney, Australia, during his circumnavigation with HMS Rattlesnake.

Dr. Ludwig Heinrich Philipp Döderlein, (3 Mar. - Bergzabern, Pfalz) 1855-1936 (23 Apr. - München), German echinoderm (and vertebrate) researcher. Professor in Strassburg until 1919, later curator in the museum in München (Munich). During 1879-81 after some time in Erlangen as Selenka's (q.v.) assistant and then in Strassburg 1876-78 as assistant of E.O. Schmidt (q.v.), he had a teaching position at Tokyo Univ., collecting much Japanese marine zoological specimens. [Notoplax doederleini J. Thiele, 1909, Symphodus (Crenilabrus) doderleini Jordan, 1890, Melanella doederleini (Brusina, 1886), Colobomatus doderleini (Richiardi, 1883), Dicranodromia doederleini Ortmann 1892, Dasycaris doederleini Balss, 1924, Cantharellus doederleini (Von Marenzeller, 1907), Pentagonaster doederleini Koehler, 1909, Bathynomus doederleinii (Okada & Kuwasawa, 1995)].

Dr. Jürgen Dörjes, (12 Dec. - Bremen) 1936-1991 (7 May - Jever, Friesland), German platyhelminth worker, specialized on the Acoela. He described several species, a few of them presumably named for persons, e.g. Praeconvoluta karinae Dörjes, 1968 and Philachoerus johanni Dörjes, 1968, but did not explain the etymology of the names [Acoelophthirius doerjesi Jankowsi, 1981].