Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names. G

Gaarder : (see Gran).

William More Gabb, (20 Jan. - Philadelphia) 1839-1878 (30 May - Philadelphia), US invertebrate palaeontologist in Philadelphia, working on Cretaceous and Tertiary fossils, i.a. molluscs [Callistochiton gabbi H. A. Pilsbry, 1893, Gabbia Tryon, 1865, Crepitacella gabbi (Dall, 1889), Glyphostoma gabbii Dall, 1889, Strigella gabbi Olsson & McGinty, 1958, Turbonilla gabbiana Cooper, 1870, Penitella gabbi (Tryon, 1863)]. (Stefano Palazzi kindly added some of this information).

The gastropod names Conus gabelishi da Motta & Ninomiya, 1982 and Amalda (Exiquaspira) gabelishi Ninomiya, 1988 were named for Mr.Anthony (Tony) J. Gabelish, (Perth) 1931-, (discoverer of the holotype of the first species) who has been an important local shell dealer in the Perth area, Western Australia. For about 15 years he was the one bringing most Zoila and W. Australian Volutes to the market. He encouraged divers to explore new areas. Stopped activities in conchology about five years ago. Before turning into conchology he was educated as a engine specialist in the Australian navy. (Guido Poppe kindly provided this information May 2000 and Dr. Eugene V. Coan later kindly provided the date).

The nudibranch name Piseinotecus gabinieri Vicente, 1975 is not in honour of a person, but was first detected at the Gabiniere islet at Cote d'Azur and the author forgot the ending e in the name of the islet when turning it into a species name.

Mr. Charles John Gabriel, (28 May - Collingwood, Melbourne) 1879-1963 (19 June - at his Toorak home), malacologist from Victoria, Australia, cooperating and publishing together with John Gatliff (q.v.) as long as Gatliff lived. [Gabrielona Iredale, 1917, Acanthochiton gabrieli Ashby, 1922, Subterenochiton gabrieli Hull, 1912]. {Picture / Picture 2 / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi- Savelli}.

See Raybaudi-Massilia regarding the name Conus gabrielae Rolan & Rockel, 2000.

The medusa name Vallentinia gabriellae Mendes, 1948, the triclade name Vatapa gabriellae Marcus, 1948, ithe kalyptorhynch name Zuccaria gabriellae Marcus, 1948, the dalyelloid name Kalyla gabriellae Marcus, 1951, the proseriatan name Mesoda gabriellae Marcus, 1949, the polychaete name Saccocirrus gabriellae Marcus, 1946 and the nemertean name Pussylineus gabriellae Corrêa, 1956 are all likely honouring one and the same Gabriella or Gabrielle connected with marine biology in Brazil, but who?

The cowry name Cypraeovula coronata gabriellii is in honour of Ludwig Gabrielli, (likely before 1930, because he has a daughter born in 1952) 19??-, of Neuss, Nordrhein-Westfalen, collector and expert of cowries.

Henri Gadeau de Kerville, (17 Dec. - Rouen) 1858-1940 (26 July - Bagnères-de-Luchon) , French naturalist, archaeologist and traveller from Normandy, who published on a diversity of organism groups (but mainly known as an entomologist), i.a. the marine fauna of Normandy. He also travelled and collected in Asia Minor [Schistomysis kervillei (G.O. Sars, 1885), Lohmannella kervillei (Trouessart, 1894), Parametopa kervillei Chevreux, 1901, Asterocheres kervillei Canu, 1898].

Prof. Heinrich Moritz Gaede, (26 Mar. - Kiel) 1795-1834 (Jan. - Lüttich), German entomologist [Axiotima gaedei Eschscholts, 1829].

Gaetano : (see Chierchia).

The Russian parasitologist Prof. Dr. Albina Vitol'dovna Gaevskaya, 1937-, worked at the Atlantic Research Institute of Fishery and Oceanography, Kaliningrad, in the 1980's, but later moved to the Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Sevastopol, Ukraine. She is interested in taxonomy, biology and ecology of parasites and is doing faunistic research of different systematic groups parasites, especially the role and place of parasites in marine ecosystems and parasitological aspects of mariculture and fisheries, currently interested in the role of parasites in biodiversity of marine communitie [Gaevskajatrema Gibson & Bray, 1982, Adinosoma gaevskaye Zubchenko, 1978, Clavogalea gaevskayae Bray, 1985, Opechona gaevskayae Ahmad, 1991, Lepidapedon gaevskayae Campbell & Bray, 1993, Tubulovesicula alviga Aljoshkina, 1983, Lepidapedon alvigae Tkachuk, 2002 (all trematodes), Glossobius albinae Kononenko 1986 (isopod), Schulmania albinae Kovaljova, Zubtchenko & Krasin, 1983, Myxobolus alvigae Ermolenko, 1989 (both myxosporea), Gyrodactylus alviga Dmitrieva et Gerasev, 2000 (monogenea - alviga after the first 2 letters in each of her 3 names)]. (Andrew Vik, Tampa Florida kindly provided part of this information, like Prof. Gaevskaya herself, who has been much helpful in providing much information about especially Russian and Ukrainian parasitologists in these lists).

The polychaete name Ampharete gagarae Ushakov, 1950 is likely not honouring a person's name, but was found by R/V Gagara, in 1932-35 making a Pacific expedition.

Prof. Dr. John David Gage, (14 Nov. - Salisbury, Wiltshire) 1939-2005 (18 July (by cancer)), British deep water fauna researcher, especially interested in echinoderms and bivalves, who collected a large material of gastropods from the Rockall Trough with R.V. Challenger II is honoured in the gastropod names Metzgeria gagei Bouchet & Warén, 1985 and Melanella gagei Bouchet & Warén, 1986 [Xylophaga gagei Harvey, 1996, Claviderma gagei Ivanov & Scheltema, 2001]. He retired in 2004. The tunicate name Styela gagetyleri Young & Vazquez, 1997 from the Arabian Sea is honouring the same person together with Prof. Paul A. Tyler, 1946-, Southampton Oceanography Centre, because they have published several papers together [Ophiactis tyleri Stöhr & Segonzac, 2005]. A namesake to the latter is the US marine scientist Prof. Seth Tyler, 19??-, of Maine (PhD at the Univ. of North Carolina in 1975), who is working on meiofauna.

Mrs. Angelina Pastorello Gaglini, (19 May - Bologna) 1943-1994 (27 July - Roma), well renowned Italian malacologist [Turbonilla angelinagagliniae Schander 1996, Alvania gagliniae Amati, 1985]. {Picture / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi- Savelli}.

Lacking information about Gah in the Patagonian cephalopod name Loligo gahi d'Orbigny, 1835.

The French malacologist Jean Maurice Gaillard, 19??-, is not the person honoured in the stomatopod name Clorida gaillardi Moosa, 1985 and in the anomuran name Pomatocheles gaillardi Forest, 1987, but the French illustrator Maurice Gaillard, 19??-200?, who has made a lot of the crustacean drawings in the crustaceans department of the MNHN, Paris (named the late by Ngoc-Ho in 2009) (Dr. Métivier at the MNHN, Paris, kindly informed about the connection between names and person).

Dr. Joseph Arnaud Charles Gaillardot, (20 Sep. - Lunéville) 1814-1883 (near Beirut), French surgeon in chief at Alexandria Hospital (Egypt) [Gaillardotia Bourguignat, 1877, Pollia gaillardoti (Puton, 1853), Cyclostoma gaillardotii Bourguignat, 1855, Daudebardia gaillardotii Bourguignat, 1855, Bithinia gaillardotii Bourguignat, 1856]. (Mr Nadim Shehadi - who (summer 2000) is preparing an article about Gaillardot - kindly provided the dates).

François Benjamin Gaillion, (2 June - Rouen) 1782-1839 (4 Jan. - Boulogne-sur-Mer), French cryptogamic botanist.

Dr. Joseph Paul Gaimard, (31 Jan. - Saint Zacharie, Var) 1793-1858 (10 Dec. - Paris), French naval surgeon and naturalist, who also travelled in eastern Europe in 1831-32 to study Cholera, but later again took up natural history collections in the North Atlantic. He died in economic poverty. [Eualus gaimardii (H. Milne Edwards, 1837), Byblis gaimardii (Krøyer, 1846), Chiton gaimardi Blainville, Asterorotalia gaimardi (d'Orbigny, 1826), Tornatina gaimardi Finlay, 1927, Calcinus gaimardii (H. Milne Edwards, 1848), Montipora gaimardi Bernard, 1897, Paracentrotus gaimardii (Blav., 1825) Mortensen, 1903, Spirobranchus gaymardi (Quatrefages, 1866), Sycozoa gaimardi (Herdman, 1886), Paragrapsus gaimardii ], who travelled a lot; together with the surgeon and naturalist Dr. Jean René Constant Quoy, (10 Nov. - Maillé, Vendée) 1790-1869 (4 July - Rochefort), who belonged to a family of many surgeons (10 in the 3 generations before him of which one was his own grandmother!). Despite uncertain health during his last years Quoy remained a relentless worker, a talented artist (and a very good observer and collector), loyal to his zoological interests, modest and a stranger of vanity and intrigues [Quoyia Gray, 1839 (there is also a homonym Quoya Labbé, 1934), Quoyula Iredale, 1912, Terebra quoygaimardi Cernohorsky, 1976, Pilumnus quoyi H. Milne-Edwards, 1834, Ischnochiton quoyanus J. Thiele, 1910, Perotrochus quoyanus (Fischer & Bernardi, 1856), Atlanta quoyii Gray, 1850, Quibulla quoyi (Gray, 1843), Paratrophon quoyi L. A. Reeve, 1846, Heterodontus quoyi Freminville, 1840, Chiton quoyi Deshayes, Sphaeroma quoyanum H. Milne Edwards, 1840], on "l'Astrolabe" (1826 -29) in the Pacific Ocean, on "La Recherche" (1835-36) to the Arctic Sea, and the circumnavigation with "L'Uranie" and "La Physicienne" (1817-1820) (see Gaudichaud-Beaupré). Gaimard also was the scientific leader of "La Recherche" on it's trip to Spitsbergen in 1838, in which i.a. Krøyer (q.v.) took part, but their personalities were not much compatible - Gaimard being characterized by Krøyer as lacking energy and understanding and in general being immature.

The asteroid name Lophaster gaini Koehler, 1912 and the octocoral name Leptogorgia gaini Stiasny, 1940, are very likely tributes to Louis Gain, (Mortain dans la Manche) 1883-1963 (31 Jan. - Dreux), French algologist and naturalist (also climatologist) at the Museum d'histoire naturelle publishing about Antarctic algae flora. He was responsible for preserving specimens of the Deuxième Expédition Antarctique Française (1908-1910) with Pourquoi pas? and Clément Vaney (q.v.) became so happy with the results (compared to the more or less destroyed sea cucumbers of the first Expédition Antarctique Française (1903-1905) - due to fixation in acidic formalin), that he described Psolidium gaini Vaney, 1914 after him [Branchinecta gaini Daday de Dees, 1910]. Together with his brother Dr. Gustave Gain, (Cherbourg) 1876-1945 (Paris), a famous photographer, he also made a collection trip to Russian Turkestan in 1914 and Gustave's son André Alfred Louis Gain, (30 Jan.) 1907-1940 (28 May), in 1936 made a collection trip to French Polynesia. The octocoral name above may possibly be a tribute to André Gain instead of his uncle.

The fish name Salmo gairdnerii J. Richardson, 1836 (also known as Oncorhynchus mykiss - the species named after a Siberian word for the species) is honouring the Edinburgh physician in Fort Vancouver Dr. Meredith Gairdner, (27 Nov. - London) 1809-1837 (26 Mar. - of tuberculosis in Honolulu), who sent samples of his natural history findings to Sir John Richardson.

Lacking information about Gajevski / Gajewski in the nematod name Araeolaimus gajevskii Paramonov, 1929.

Gajola (or more commonly, Gaiola) in the polychaete name Dasybranchus gajolae Eisig, 1887 is ackording to kind information from Stefano Palazzi not a persons name but a small island in front of Posillipo, Gulf of Naples.

Lacking information about Monsieur Gal in the cephalopod genus name Galiteuthis Joubin, 1898.

Lacking information about Galanachmor(a) in the nematod name Belbolla galanachmorae (Inglis, 1961) Andrássy, 1973.

The polychaete name Podarkeopsis galangaui Laubier, 1961 is likely in honour of Micheline-Viviane Galangau (or in the 1970s Rousset-Galangau), 19??-, active in Montpellier during the 1960s studying spermiogenesis of Octopus vulgaris (and later in other molluscan species).

Melanodrymia galeronae Warén & Bouchet, 2001 was named for Joëlle Galéron, 1953-, at IFREMER, who sorts material. Possibly Apseudes galeroni Bacescu, 1987 may be named for the same person?

Lacking information about Galina in the isopod name Lironeca galinae Kononenko, 1989.

Jules Galland, 18??-1???, French zoologist and engineer in chief of "Ponts et Chaussées" of Ottoman Empire [Gallandia Bourguignat, 1880, also several non marine species was named after him by Bourguignat].

The tanaid names Leptognathia gallardoi Shiino, 1971 and Apseudes gallardoi Shino, 1963 may possibly honour Prof. Dr. José María Alfonso Félix Gallardo, 1925-1992, Profesor de la Universidad de Buenos Aires y Director del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia". He published on amphibians and reptiles and is probably related to his forerunner at this museum, Dr. Angel Gallardo, 1867-1934.

The polychaete genus name Gallardoneris Carrera Parra, 2006, is in honour of Prof. Dr. Victor Ariel Gallardo, 19??-, Professor, Universidad de Concepción (Chile), in recognition of his work on lubrinerids.

Lacking information about Gallas(i)? (if a person) in the Mediterranean polychaete name Amage gallasii Marion, 1875.

Prof. José Maria Gallegos, 1875?-19?? (before 1930) (Yucatan), formerly explorer for the Departimento de Agricoltura y Fomento, Mexico [Nassarius gallegosi Strong & Hertlein, 1937, Teinostoma gallegosi Jordan, 1936, Alvania gallegosi (Baker, Hanna & Strong, 1930)].

Lacking information about Galler in the hydroid name Merga galleri Brinckmann, 1962.

Prof. Dr. Louis Gallien, (2 Jan. - Cherbourg) 1908-1976 (6 Sep. - Paris), French zoologist / helminthologist; member of the French Academy of Sciences [Aspinatrium gallieni Euzet & Khtari, 1971]. (Prof. Jean-Lou Justine, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, kindly provided some of this information).

The Guernsey collector M. J. P. Gallienne in the holothuroid name Leptosynapta galliennii (Herapath, 1865) can because of the initials (if not the P is an error for the somewhat similarily sounding T, because the first M. is likely Monsieur) likely not be the British naturalist / malacologist John Taylor Gallienne, 1814-1868, who lived at Guernsey, at least during his last decades, but if not a letter confusion, possibly one of his relatives; one of his sons was John Matthew Gallienne, born 2 June 1846, so his initials are also wrong.

The US palaeontologist Prof. Dr. Jesse James Galloway, (23 Aug. - a farm, near Cromwell, Indiana) 1882-1962 (10 Apr. - Bloomington, Indiana), of Indiana Univ., published on foraminiferans between 1928-41 [Astrononion gallowayi Loeblich & Tappan, 1953]. He was also a very good chess player.

Galton : (see Darwin).

Dr. Paul Simon Galtsoff, (Moscow, Russia) 1887-1979, Russian-US shellfish biologist, who in 1921 had escaped from the revolution to USA. Initially he had difficulties in finding a marine biological work, but from 1923 the former director of the marine biological station in Sevastopol (from 1914 on) was offered a job at the Bureau of Fisheries' laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. He retired officialy in 1957, but continued in the activities at Woods Hole until he passed away.

The mystacocarid name Derocheilocaris galvarini Dahl, 1952, from Chile, is likely not directly honouring a person's name, but was likely found by the Chilean R/V Galvarino (together with R/V Arauco II used by the Lund Univ. Chile expedition) or possibly found in the vicinity of the town Galvarino, both named for the famous Mapuche warrior Galvarino, 15??-1557 (30 Nov.).

Honoria Tomkins Galwey, (31 May - Gortgowan rectory, Moville, Co. Donegal) 1830-1925, Irish malacologist, publishing on Londonderry shells, but also a collector of music and songs, collecting the tunes of itinerant fiddlers and pipers, preserving several old folksongs, which would have been lost, without her activities. She lived unmarried.

Parioglossus galzini Williams & Lecchini, 2004 was named for Prof. Dr. René Galzin, 19??-, (Professeur, Directeur d'Etudes de l'Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Directeur du Laboratoire d'Ichtyoécologie Tropicale et Méditerranéenne). (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Frederick William Gamble, (13 July - Manchester) 1869-1926 (14 Sep. - Alvechurch, Worcestershire), British turbellarian researcher at the Univ. of Birmingham. [Monocelis gamblei von Graff,1913]. A later namesake and zooplankton worker was Dr. John Carter Gamble, (14 May - Lancashire) 1944-1994 (10 Aug.).

The cumacean name Leptostylis gamoi Reyss, 1972 must be a tribute to the Japanese researcher Prof. Dr. Sigeo Gamô, (17 June) 1928-2008 (9 Apr.), of the Yokohama National Univ.

Tomo Gamulin, (28 Apr. - Jelsa, Island Hvar) 1906-1991 (4 June - Dubrovnik), plankton researcher and fisheries biologist, who was the director of the Marine Research Station, Rovinj, but between 1960-63. Dr. Helena Gamulin-Brida, (6 Mar.) 1910-1989 (4 July), (working in Zagreb and Split, Croatia), well-known mainly for her book of 1974 "Biocoenoses benthiques de la mer Adriatique", dedicated that book "A la mémoire de mon mari iro ĆGamulin" - so that apparently we have at least three of that family (including Prof. Ćiro Gamulin) [Sphaeronectes gamulini Carré, 1966]. (Stefano Palazzi kindly added the information about the last two persons of the family).

Lacking information about Ganapati in the dicyemid name Dicyema ganapatii Kalavati, Narasimhamurti & Suseela, 1984, but possibly a tribute to Prof. P.N. Ganapati, 19??-1984,of Andhra Univ.?

Lacking information about Ganfin in the flatworm name Onchobothrium ganfini Pasquale Mola, 1934.

Dr. Björn Ganning, 1938-, Swedish marine ecologist at the Univ. of Stockholm, who has worked on rock pool ecology, but also somewhat on the taxonomy of the family Hyadesiidae (rock pool Acarina). Retired in June 2003.

The decapod name Palaemonias ganteri Hay, 1901, is named for Mr. Henry Charles Ganter, around 1844-1917 (18 Apr., at age 72 - in his home near Mammoth Cave, Kentucky), the manager of the cave, in which this species first was found.

Lacking information about Gantsevich in the Acrothoracian name Cryptophialus gantsevichi Kolbasov, 2004, but possibly a tribute to Mikhail Gantsevich, 19??-, Moscow State Univ., who has published on Crustacea.

Raúl Fernández-Garcés (called "Cacho"), 19??-, malacologist from Cienfuegos (Spain), during the new millennium also working in Cuba, who collected material of Macromphalina garcesi Rolán & Rubio, 1998 [Amphitalamus rauli Rolán, 1991].

The amphipod name Gammarella garciai Marti & Villora-Moreno, 1995 is a tribute to Dr. Antonio Manuel Garcia Corrascosa, 19??-, coordinator of the Chafarinas-91 Expedition.

The collector H. Garcia in the Easter Island decapod name Pylopaguropsis garciai McLaughlin & Haig, 1989 must be Henri Garcia, 19??-, from southern France, who together with his younger brother Michel in 1980 founded the Orca Diving Center in the Easter Island, where Henri in 1976 had arrived as a diver for Cousteau's scientific Expedition and his brother arrived in 1978.

Lacking information about Garcia in the sponge name Topsentia garciae Bibiloni, 1993, but likely a tribute to J.C. Garcia-Gómez, (below), who has published on both mollusks and sponges.

Lacking information about Garcia in the polychaete name Syllis (Langerhansia) garciai (Campoy, 1981). However, it very likely must be one of O.L. Garcia Álvarez, 19??-, (see below), and Manuel A. Garcia Gallego, 19??-, who together with J. Mora and C. Rodriguez Babio in 1979 published "Adiciones al catálogo de Anélidos Poliquetos de España".

Emilio Fabian Garcia, 1939-, from Lafayette, Louisiana, USA, was born in Cuba in 1939 and permanently moved to the United States in 1960. He taught at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette for 32 years. He is now retired. [Opalia garciai Kilburn 1994, Murex garciai Petuch, 1987, Conus garciai da Motta, 1982, Voluta garciai Petuch, 1981, Carithioclava garciai Houbrick, 1986, Sinezona garciai Geiger, 2006 (for his contribution to the knowledge of the Caribbean malacofauna)]. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided the last eponym)

Phidiana mariadelmarae Francisco José Garcia & Jesús S. Troncoso, 1999 (q.v.) is named for the wife and elder daughter - Maria del Mar - of its first Spanish author. Favorinus elenalexiarum Garcia & Troncoso, 2001 is named after Elena Garcia, 19??-, and Alexia Troncoso, 19??-, daughters of the authors.

The polychaete name Sphaerodoropsis garciaalvarezi Moreira, Cacabelos & Troncoso, 2004 is a tribute to Dr. Óscar Luis García-Álvarez, 19??-, Galician malacologist, working on aplacophorans, but he has also published on other organisms.

Prof. José Carlos García-Gómez, 19??-, from the University of Sevilla, later Universidad de Cádiz, Spain [Pleurobranchus garciagomezi Cervera, Cattaneo & Edmunds, 1996, Pedoculina garciagomezi Sanchez-Moyano, Carballo & Estacio, 1995, Enneopagurus garciagomezi McLaughlin, 1997].

Erasmo Garcia Mendes, 1915-2001, Brazilian physiologist working on comparative physiology and pharmacology mainly about marine animals is honoured in Sertularia erasmoi Vannucci Mendes; he performed the first pharmacological studies on toxic secretions from pedicellarians of Lytechinus variegatus with Umji and Abbud (1963); he was second Brazilian to frequent summer course in Marine Biological Laboratory of Woods Hole in Massachusetts; he participed foundation of the first Brazilian biology marine laboratory (today Centro de Biologia Marinha -CEBIMAR) in 1954 jointly with Paulo Sawaya, Domingos Valente, George A. Edwards and Joao Paiva de Carvalho; Vannucci Mendes refers to Martha Vannucci when she was his wife. (André Trombeta, Brazil, kindly provided this information).

Dr. José Enrique García Raso, 19??-, Catedrático de Biología Animal, Universidad de Málaga, is honoured in the decapod name Hippolyte garciarasoi D'Udekem d'Acoz, 1996.

The ctenophore name Mnemiopsis gardeni L. Agassiz, 1860 is likely in honour of Dr. Alexander Garden, (Jan. - Birse, Aberdeenshire) 1730-1791 (15 Apr., (by tbc) - London), a physician and Pioneer Naturalist in Colonial America, where he arrived in April 1852 (to South Carolina, moving to Charles Town - now named Charleston - in 1755, where he married). He sent much material to Ellis (q.v.) in London and to Linnaeus (q.v.) in Uppsala. During the independence war, he took part for the British, so his property was confiscated 10 years later and he moved back to live in Westminster, London in 1783. His name is also honoured in the beautiful flower plant genus Gardenia.

Prof. John Stanley Gardiner, (24 Jan. - Belfast) 1872-1946 (28 Feb.), Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy at Cambridge between 1909-37. British anthozoan worker. Was the leader of "The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition" to the Indian Ocean in 1905. He had earlier (1899-1900) been sent by the Cambridge University to make a faunistic and geographical survey of the Maldive and Laccadive archipelagos [Gardineria Vaughan, 1907, Phialidium gardineri (Browne, 1905), Leuckartiara gardineri Browne, 1916, Cyphastrea gardineri Matthai 1914, Gardineroseris Scheer & Pillai, 1974 Darwinella gardineri Topsent, 1905, Doridomorpha gardineri Eliot, 1903, Lanocira gardineri Stebbing, Octopus gardineri (Hoyle, 1905), Anaperus gardineri von Graff, 1911, Liocranchia gardineri Robson, 1921, Leptoseris gardineri Van der Horst, 1921, Lochmaeotrochus gardineri Cairns, 1999, Trochocyathus gardineri (Vaughan, 1907), Flabellum gardineri Cairns, 1982, Truncatoflabellum gardineri Cairns in Cairns & Keller, 1993, Sphenotrochus gardineri Squires, 1961, Notoplana gardineri (Laidlaw, 1904), Pseudoceros gardineri Laidlaw, 1902, Callionymus gardineri Regan, 1908, Diogenes gardineri Alcock, 1905, Dardanus gardineri Alcock, 1905, Sinularia gardineri Pratt, 1903].

Prof. Lion F. Gardiner, (21 June) 1938-, at Rutgers Univ., published on tanaids during the 1970s and on educational matters during the 1990s. He is now "focusing his attention on reform in higher education to improve the amount and kinds of learning we can accomplish with our students" [Neotanais gardineri Larsen, 1999].

Nathaniel Lyon Gardner, (26 Feb. - Keokuk, Iowa) 1864-1937 (15 Aug.), school teacher from Washington, who in the beginning of the 20:th century was appointed second algologist at Berkeley and there worked together with Setchell (q.v.). In 1915, he married Edith, D.S, Jordan's (q,v.) daughter.

Dr. Julia Anna Gardner, (26 Jan. - Chamberlain, South Dakota) 1882-1960 (15 Nov. - Bethesda, Maryland), US paleontological Malacologist.

Notovoluta gardneri Darragh, 1983 was named for Mr. Paul Gardner, 19??-, who provided material.

The ciliate name Bursella gargamellae Fauré-Fremiet, 1922 is likely a name of a species found on the dorid genus Gargamella Bergh, 1894, first described from South America, but Bergh's name does probably not honour a person's mame, because it is likely referring to Gargamelle, the giantess, who was mother of Gargantua in F. Rabelais' story from the 16:th century "La vie de Gargantua et de Pantagruel".

Prof. Samuel Walton Garman, (5 June - Indiana County, Pennsylvania) 1846 (or 1843?)-1927 (30 Sep. - Plymouth, Mass.), met L. Agazzis (q.v.) and was recruited to be a naturalist, later, when cooperating with A. Agazzis, he became an ichthyologist at the Museum of Comparative Zoology and published e.g. on the fishes taken by the Albatross. He was a close friend of. E.D. Cope (q.v.). [Leucoraja garmani (Whitley, 1939)]. (More)

Mons. Marie Joseph François Garnier, (25 July - Sint-Étienne, Loire) 1839-1873 (21 Dec. - killed in battle close to Hanoi), French naval officer and explorer (Mekong and Yangtze river areas) [Garnieria Bourguignat, 1877].

Dr. Prosper Garnot, (13 Jan. - Brest) 1794-1838 (Paris), French physician (e.g. ships surgeon on board La Coquille) and malacologist, who published together with Lesson (q.v.), is honoured in the polyplacophoran name Acanthochitona garnoti (H. de Blainville, 1825).

Mr. Tom A. Garrard, 19??-(called the late Tom Garrard in 2007), malacologist at the Australian Museum [Dentalium garrardi Lamprell & Healey, 1998, Dermomurex garrardi Vokes, 1985].

Garrard : (see also the Terra Nova expedition, 1910-).

Lacking information about Garrett in the collembol name Mucrosomia garretti (Bagnall, 1939).

Andrew Garrett, (9 Apr. - Albany, N.Y. (son of a Canadian father and a Belgian mother)) 1823-1887 (11 Jan. - Huahine (not far from Tahiti)), early U.S. amateur naturalist of Polynesia, who collected i.a. molluscs, sending much material to museums in both USA and Europe (Britain and Germany) and published some papers during the 1870s. He had been fascinated by Hawaii, where he first arrived on a whaler and decided to live there, but later moving around much among different Pacific Islands, including Fiji, Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands, Tonga, Samoa, Cook Islands and at the end in the Society Islands, where he and his wife Otari lived, when he died. [Favartia garrettii W. H. Pease, 1868]. (Stefano Palazzi kindly added some of this information and the little, which is known about Garrett is presented by W. Stephen Thomas in Vol. 93(1) 1979 of Nautilus).

Lieut.-Commander Leroy Mason Garrett, (Beekmantown) 1857-1906 (21 Nov. - NW of Honolulu), USN, the commanding officer of the Albatross cruise 1904-05 and served as its captain from Oct. 1904. He was thrown over board in a violent storm and lost during the end of an expedition with Albatross to the Aleutian Islands, Russia and Japan when the ichthyologist C.H. Gilbert (q.v.) was naturalist in charge and e.g. A.H. Clark (q.v.) was on board as a naturalist [Antedon garrettiana Clark, 1907].

Prof. Em. Dr. John (Jack) A.F. Garrick, 19??-, (fl. 1953-99), Victoria University College (Wellington N.Z.), Department of Zoology, who i.a. has published on shark taxonomy during the 1960s-1980s, is honoured in the copepod name Aethon garriki Hewitt, 1968 [Scymnodalatias garricki Kukuyev & Konovalenko, 1988, Dipturus garricki (Bigelow & Schroeder, 1958)].

Prof. Dr. Walter Garstang, (9 Feb. - Blackburn) 1868-1949 (23 Feb.), British marine zoologist (Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford and naturalist at Lowestoft for the Marine Biological Association), but mainly the first Buckland Professor of Fish Culture at the Univ. of Leeds (from 1907-33) & biological poet, but his "Larval Forms and Other Biological Verses" including his famous Ballad of the Veliger or How the Gastropod got its twist, beginning this way: "The Veliger's a lively tar, the liveliest afloat, A whirling wheel on either side propels his little boat. But when the danger signal warns his bustling submarine, He stops the engine, shuts the port, and drops below unseen." was published posthumously two years after his death He had planned to study medicine in Oxford, but influenced by Mosely (q.v.), he changed to zoology and was offered a position as secretary and assistant of Bourne (q.v.) in Plymouth, where he was much influenced by Lancester (q.v.) and later formulated the so called Garstang's Theory, that Chordates and Echinoderms are closely related and that Chordates may have evolved from Echinoderms. [Ecteinascidia garstangi Sluiter, 1898, Distaplia garstangi Berrill, 1947, Portumnoides garstangi Bohn, 1905, Enoploplastron garstangi van Hoven, 2007 (not marine)].

John Shrader Garth, (3 Oct. - Los Angeles) 1909-1993 (18 Oct.), US crab (and butterfly) specialist. He actually started his career as a musician, but following as such on one of Alan Hancock's (q.v.) expeditions with one of Hancock's Velero yachts - (Hancock actually hired musicians for the cruises), Garth became so impressed with life in the sea, so he changed direction and became a zoologist instead. [Periclimenaeus garthi A.J. Bruce, 1976, Garthambrus Ng, 1996, Callichirus garthi (Retamal, 1975), Callionymus garthi Seale, 1940]. (Leslie Harris, Los Angeles, kindly informed about how Garth's arrived in the zoological business).

The hydroid genus Garveia Wright, 1859 is not named for a person's name, but is derived from the type locality "Inch Garvie" in the Firth of Forth.

The gastropod name Hypselodoris gasconi Ortea Valdés & Garcia-Gomez, 1996 is not likely honouring a person's name, but named for the province Gascon or Gascogne = Gascony in SW France, historically inhabited by Basque related people.

Roger Gaskell, (2 June - Liverpool (Lancs.)) 1846-1912, Esq., M.A. of Highgate, Middlesex, UK, barrister, conveyancer, botanist and shell collector [Pisania gaskelli Melvill, 1891]. Dr. Walter Holbrook Gaskell, (1 Nov. - Napoli, Italy) 1847-1914, who published about the origin of vertebrates, was (like the latter's twin brother Ernest) his brother.

Dr. John Samuel Gaskoin, (around 29 Sep. - Bagshot, Surrey, England) 1790-1858 (5 Oct. - in his apartment of Clarges Street, Mayfair, London, by heart problems), English (London) surgeon (from 1823 to King George IV and later to William IV), malacologist and shell cabinet owner. He had studied in Paris between 1816-18, but then returned to London. He was married to Mary Hancock, who died in 1837 and had 3 sons and 1 daughter, became a FLS in June 1853 [Cribrarula gaskoinii (Reeve, 1846), Anachis gaskoini Carpenter, 1857].

Mme Marie Marthe Camille Desinge du Gast, (30 May - Paris) 1868-1942 (24 Aor. - Paris), was leader of the scientific expedition to Morocco, which collected the type species of the decapod genus Dugastella Bouvier, 1912. She was from 1890 married to the Paris merchant Jules Crespin, who was in charge of the warehose Dufayel in Paris, but used her maiden name when this "Valkyrie mechanics" took part in ballooning adventures, motor engine races or climbed among mountain tops. [Balssia gasti (Balss, 1921), Thalamophyllus gasti (Döderlein, 1913)].

G.A. Steven as in Gobius gasteveni Miller, 1974 : (see G.A. Steven).

Mr. Doyle E. Gates, 19??-, of the California State Fisheries Laboratory - later working in Hawaii [Soleosteira gatesi Berry, 1963].

Jerry M. Gathof, 19??-, Naval Oceanographic Office, in the polychaete name Arichlidon gathofi Watson Russell, 2000, "studied chrysopetalid material from the Gulf of Mexico and recognized "Paleanotus sp. A" (Gathof, 1984) as belonging to a new species"

Prof. Dr. Joseph M. Gathuma , 19??-, of the Univ. of Nairobi, is honoured in the nematode name Acantholaimus gathumai Muthumbi & Vincx, 1997.

Mr. John Henry Gatliff, (17 May - Leeds, Yorkshire, England) 1848-1935 (14 Sep. - South Yarra), of Melbourne, collected the species Voluta gatliffi G.B. Sowerby, 1910. He published i.a. on Victorian molluscs. His parents had emigrated to Geelong, Victoria in 1857 and John continued in his father's footsteps (he was a broker) and became a bank employee, with more and more responsibility, but became also early interested in shells. [Crossea gatliffi Hedley, 1902, Acanthochitona gatliffa E. Ashby, 1919, Callistochiton gatliffi Ashby]. {Picture / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi- Savelli}.

Gérard Gattegno, 19??-, French malacological collector who buildt one of the major collections in Europe. [Stomatella gattegnoi  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Gatty Marine Laboratory, Univ. of St. Andrews, Scotland, was named for the landowner, zoologist and meterologist Charles Henry Gatty, (6 Mar.) 1836-1903 (12 Dec.), who in 1894 donated £2,500 for the rebuilding in stone of the 1884 inaugurated, but ten years later burnt down marine laboratory, which until 1884 was lodged in a wooden shed. This laboratory on the east coast of Scotland, with one single factotum employé, the ex-fisherman, who by McIntosh's students was called "Professor" Brown , was also used by guest researchers like Lankester, Bourne, Hubrecht, Nansen etcetera. Gatty, who was a Fellow in several learned Societies (Linnean, Zoological, Geological & Ray), met M'Intosh in 1865 at the British Museum [Gattyana M'Intosh, 1897]. The new laboratory was finished in 1896, simultaneously with the Millport laboratory on the west coast, initiated by John Murray, 1841-1914. He was likely not related (at least not closely) to the Yorkshire children's book writer and algologist Margaret Gatty (née Scott), (Burnham, Essex) 1809-1873 (4 Oct. - Ecclesfield Vicarage), (and her husband from 1839 the Rev. Alfred Gatty, (18 Apr. - London) 1813-1903 (20 Jan. Ecclesfield Vicarage), of Ecclesfield Vicarage), who in 1863 published "British Seaweeds" [Gattya Harvey, Gattia Johnston, Puellina gattyae (Landsborough, 1852)].

The first collector (at Pas de Calais) Herb. E. Gaudefroy, (but the Herb. likely stands for Herbarium insted of a first name like Herbert, so his initial was likely E. and that implies that this person very likely was Eugène Gaudefroy, 1827-1882, a Bretagne collector) in the fungus name Pleospora gaudefroyi Patouillard, 1886, now transferred to Decorospora Inderbitzin, J. Kohlmeyer, B. Volkmann-Kohlmeyer & Berbee, 2002.

The volutid species Scaphella gaudiati Bail & Shelton, 2001 is named for Daniel Gaudiat, 19??-, the fisherman who collected the first specimen [One of the authors, Douglas N. Shelton , Alabama Malacological Research Center, kindly provided this information].

Prof. Charles Gaudichaud-Beaupré, (4 Sep. - Angoulème) 1789-1854 (16 Jan. - Paris), studied pharmacy and became a dispenser in the French navy in 1810. Later, he took part as a naturalist in several large expeditions, "L'Uranie" and "La Physicienne" (1817-20, circumnavigation), "L'Herminie" (1831-33, to E & W South America), and "La Bonite" (1836-37, around the world) [Gaudichaudia gaudichaudia (Milne Edwards, 1843), Sertularella gaudichaudi (Lamouroux, in de Freycinet, 1824), Hipponoe gaudichaudi Audouin & H. Milne-Edwards, 1830, Desmonema gaudichaudi (Lesson, 1830), Atlanta gaudichaudi Souleyet, 1852, Propagurus gaudichaudi (H. Milne Edwards, 1836), Ocypode gaudichaudi Milne Edwards & Lucas, 1843, Ceratothoa gaudichaudii (H. Milne Edwards, 1840)]. The first of these expeditions started from Toulon under command of Captain Louis Claude Desaules de Freycinet, (8 Aug. - Montélimar) 1779-1842 (18 Aug. - Freycinet), with the corvette "L'Uranie", which was lost at the Malvinas in 1820 [Nucella freycineti G. P. Deshayes, 1841, Hemiscyllium freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824), Meuschenia freycineti ]. However the expedition was transferred to an U.S. ship, which got the name "La Physicienne" and returned later on to France. (Freycinet had been liutenant on Baudin's Australian expedition 1800-04 and edited Baudins hydrographical data from that expedition - also his elder brother Henri-Louis had been a member of Baudin's expedition, Cape Freycinet and the Freycinet estuary beeing named after them). Assisting naturalists on the "Uranie" trip were the ship's surgeon Quoy (q.v. - under Gaimard) and Gaimard (q.v.). After the "La Bonite" expedition, Gaudichaud was appointed professor in pharmacy in Paris, being attached to the Paris Museum and worked on the botanical collections from his expeditions. He stayed in Paris until he died.

The gastropod name Cirsonella gaudryi Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1896 is likely honouring the French palaeontologist Albert Jean Gaudry, (16 Sep. - St- Germain-en-Laye) 1827-1908 (27 Nov. - Paris), successor of d'Orbigny (q.v.) - after first having been his assistant, at the Professor chair in Paris.

The gastropod name Conus gauguini Richard & Salvat, 1973 is named in honour of the French postimpressionistic painter Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin, (7 June - Paris) 1848-1903 (8 May - Atuona, Hiva Oa, Marquesas Islands).

The copepod name Schizopera gauldi Chappuis & Rouch, 1961 is very likely a tribute to Dr. David T. Gauld, 19??-, Univ. of Edinburgh, Univ. of Aberdeen and the Marine Biological Station at Millport, later at Univ. College, Archimota, Ghana, copepod taxonomist and ecologist.

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss, (30 Apr. - Braunschweig) 1777-1855 (23 Feb. - Göttingen), the German mathematician and astronomer, is a well-respected name in physics. The international unit of electromagnetic flux density (gauss) is named for him. But why would his name be applied to so many marine organisms? Answer: The famous Deutsche Sudpolar Expedition (1901-1903) (q.v.) was carried out on his namesake ship "Gauss." The series of grand reports, published until 1931, revealed many new animals and plants, a number of which were given the name of the ship. One of the best examples is the large bathypelagic copepod of the genus Gaussia Wolfenden, 1905. Another one is the amphipod Mimonectes gaussi (Woltereck, 1904). (See also Gauss under Expeditions). (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Henri Charles Gauthier, 1896-1950, published on the animal life of continental waters in N Africa, because he lived in Algeria and is possibly best known as an entomologist [Amphiascus gauthieri Monard, 1936].

The bryozooan names Metalcyonidium gautieri d'Hondt, 1976 Ellisina gautieri Fernandez Pulpeiro & Reverter Gil, 1993, Schizomavella gautieri Reverter Gil & Fernandez Pulpeiro, 1977 and Bugula gautieri Ryland, 1961 are likely named after Prof. Dr. Yves-Victor Gautier, (Martigues, Provence, France) 1930-97 (18 July), who started his career at Station Marine d'Endoume under Prof Peres, achieved his PhD on Mediterranean bryozooans in 1961 in Marseille, but later more or less left bryozoology and became a biology professor, first at the University of Oran (Algeria), and later at the University of Chambery (France) where he became very involved in conservation programs, so Jacques-Fabius Gautier d'Agoty, (Marseille) 1717-1785, anatomical illustrator in Paris, is a less probable candidate.

The octocoral name Sinularia gaveshaniae Alderslade & Shirwalker, 1991 is likely not a tribute to a name of a person, but in honour of R/V Gaveshani (decommissioned in Oct. 1989), which likely collected the first specimens.

The octocoral name Sinularia gaweli Verseveldt, 1978 is a tribute to Mr. Michael J. Gawel, 19??-,.

Claude Gay, (18 Mar. - Draguignan, dépt. Var in S France) 1800-1873 (29 Nov. - Deffens, close to Flayosc, dépt. Var), zoologist, who started to study medicine and pharmacy in Paris, but soon changed his mind and went into natural history and who collected the type material of Sertularella gayi (Lamouroux, 1821) in Normandie. In 1828 he was offered a post as natural history teacher in Chile and arrived there later that year, spending the time until 1842 (with exception of 1832-34, when he was back in France to obtain equipment for his work) teaching and collecting in Chile and Peru. After this he went to France in order to supervise the publication of his work, the 28 volume "Historia fisica y politica de Chile", including much natural history, and to get in contact with different specialists, who could help him whith that work. He went back to Chile once more in 1863, but returned to France later the same year and he seems to have lived in Deffens à Flayose, dépt. Var, S France when he died [Nereis gayi Blanchard, 1849, Marphysa gayi de Quatrefages, 1865, Acanthocyclus gayi Milne-Edwards, 1848].

The gastropod name Epitonium gaylordianum Lowe, 1932 is in honour of Mrs. Ilsien Nathalie Gaylord, 18??-19??, Boston, "who has done much nature writing for children".

Paulette Gayral(-Engerbaud), 1921-, French phycologist [Gayralia (green algae genus)].

The French pharmacist and naturalist Martin François Geay, 18??-19??, who had studied under A. Milne-Edwards (q.v.) in Paris, is honoured in the pantopod name Pentapycnon geayi Bouvier,1911 "recueillis par M. Geay sur la còte de la Guyane française" and in the polychaete name Lycastis geayi Gravier, 1901. Geay made large collections of insects and other things for the Paris museum in South America and on Madagascar (1904-1907).

Dr. Andrei Viktorovich Gebruk, 19??-, deep sea holothuroid specialist and biogeographer from Moscow.

D.C. Geddes, 19??-, copepodologist from Durham, England, published a small article in 1968 about the tardigrade Halobiotus geddesi (Hallas, 1971) using another species name.

Charles J. Geerts, 19??-, Belgian collector and shell dealer, active for several decades in the Brussels region. [Vanitrochus geertsi  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Karl Gegenbaur, (21 Aug. - Würzburg) 1826-1903 (14 June), German zoologist and comparative anatomist with a special interest in ascidians, professor in Jena between 1855-73, later (1873-1901) in Heidelberg [Eutima gegenbauri (Haeckel, 1864), Doliolum (Dolioletta) gegenbauri Uljanin, 1884, Thliptodon gegenbauri Boas, 1886]. He was educated in his home town Würzburg by i.a. the disciple of L. Oken, J. Müller and Henle, the histologist Rudolf Albert von Kölliker, (6 July - Zürich) 1817-1905 (2 Nov. - Würzburg), who was a careful researcher, making several discoveries [Koellikeria Cobbold, 1860, Koellikerioides Yamaguti, 1970, Renilla koellikeri, Ocnus koellikeri (Semper, 1868), Koellikerina Kramp, 1939, Cystiactis koellikeri Pax F., 1910, Siphonogorgia koellikeri Wright & Studer, 1889] and the cytologist Franz von Leydig, (21 May - Rothenburg) 1821-1908 (13 Apr.), who himself had studied medicine in Würzburg and München and became professor of anatomy in Würzburg in 1855 (later in Tübingen and Bonn), but also published on parasitic and free-living copepods between 1851-81 [Chloromyxum leydigi Mingazzini, 1890, Sphaerifer leydigi Richiardi, 1877]. Leydig's Cells - interstitial cells of the testis are also named for him. Gegenbaur, achieved his PhD for Kölliker in 1851 and shortly after this, he followed his professor to the Mediterranean coast on a research trip. As a result of his published papers on comparative anatomy of different marine animals, he was in 1855 appointed professor in Jena, where he founded a school of science with very disciplinized disciples. Gegenbaur held the opinion that comparative anatomy was the only essential research area, everything else just rubbish. He left science at the age of 74 because of bad health and during his last years he had several strokes and was paralyzed.

Dr. Dirk Cornelis Geijskes , (16 May - Kats, Noord-Beveland) 1907-1985 (27 Sep.), entomolist and etnologist, active in Suriname from 1938, Director of the Suriname Museum until 1965, after that entomologist at the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden, is honoured in the penaeid name Solenocera geijskesi Holthuis, 1959.

Gaetano Giorgio Gemmellaro, (24 Feb. - Catania, Sicily) 1832-1904 (16 Mar. - Palermo), Italian paleontologist. {Picture / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi- Savelli}.

James Fairlie Gemmill, (28 Nov. - Hillhead, Mauchline, Ayrshire) 1867-1926 (10 Feb.), Glasgow embryologist, who succeded D'Arcy Thompson 1917 in Dundee, when Thompson moved to St. Andrews. Gemmill stayed at Univ. of Dundee for the rest of his life.

The French parasitologist E. Gendre, 18??-19??, publishing during the three first decades of the 20:th century, must be the person honoured in the parasitic nematod name Cucullanus gendrei Campana-Rouget, 1957.

Carlo Guiseppe Géné, (7 Dec. - Turbigo, Lombardy) 1800-1847 (14 July), who studied in Pavia, and in 1830 succeded Bonelli (q.v.) as Zoology Professor and director of the Museum in Turin. He was mainly an entomologist, but is honoured in the gastropod name Lomanotus genei Vérany, 1846 and also in the slender-billed gull Chroicocephalus genei (Brème, 1839).

Marginella gennesi H. Fischer, 1901 & Clanculus gennesi H. Fischer, 1901 were named for Mons. Fraser De Gennis or De Gennes, (Karachi) 1852-1938 (4 June - Auckland), ingenieur civil des Mines, who made a small shell collection at Djibouti. De Gennes, who had followed his parents to Jersey as yong, but arrived at New Zealand already in 1870 and was mainly working in India and New Zealand.

Prof. Todor Genov, (5 Oct. - Kladorub, Vidin Region) 1932-, is honoured in the digenean name Rhipidocotyle genovi Dimitrov, Kostadinova & Gibson, 1996 "in recognition of his contribution to the development of marine helminthological studies in Bulgaria".

Claude Joseph Geoffroy, (9 Aug. - Paris) 1685-1752 (9 Mar. - Paris), French apothecary, chemist, conchologist and botanist. His brother Prof. Étienne François Geoffroy, (13 Feb. - Paris) 1672-1731 (6 Jan. - Paris), was also an apothecary who became professor of chemistry at Jardin du Roi. C.J. Geoffroy's nephew Dr. Étienne Louis Geoffroy, (12 Oct. - Paris) 1725-1810 (12 Aug. - Soissons, Chartreuse), was a physician with wide interests in botany and zoology (mainly entomology) and the nephew's son Dr, René Claude Geoffroy, (24 Mar. - Paris) 1767-1831, was also a physician and naturalist.

Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire: (see Cuvier).

Lacking information about Georg in the kalyptorhynchan name Polycystis georgi von Graff, 1905.

Lacking information about the British collector Edward George in the algal name Rhodophysema georgii Batters, 1900. Possibly Edward Sanderson George, 1801-1829, F.L.S., Leeds, British chemical manufacturer, naturalist and curator, may be identical?

Who George in the copepod name Tegastes georgei A. Marcus & D. Masry, 1970 from the Gulf of Eilat is, is not explained in the description.

Lacking information about Georg in the fish name Tetrapturus georgii Lowe, 1840, but possibly a tribute to Georges Cuvier (q.v.) or perhaps Georg Heinrich Adolf Scheele, (Hannover) 1808-1864 (Heersum), German priest (in Heersum from 1842) and naturalist, i.a. ichthyologist.

Lacking information about George in the barnacle name Paralepas georgei Daniel, 1970, but possibly a tribute to A.I. George, 19??-, Kerala, India.

Lacking information about George in the monogenean name Mazocraeoides georgei Price, 1936.

Dr. John David George, (25 Mar.) 1938-, polychaetologist at the British Museum of Nat. History [Inermidrilus georgei (Erséus, 1987)].

Dr. Raymond W. George, 19??-, became in 1964 the first Curator of Crustacea at the Western Australian Museum, Perth, where he has published on a variation of groups, but especially on Palinuridae. He retired in 1984 and was succeded by Dr. Gary John Morgan, (18 Mar. - Innisfall, Queensland, Australia) 1957-, a freshwater decapod and Australian hermit crab specialist, later succeded by Diana Jones (q.v.).

The green algal name Codium geppii Schmidt, 1922, is a trubute to the algae researcher Anthony Gepp, (9 May) 1862-1955, the husband of Ethel Barton, (q.v.).

Prof. Dr. Étienne Geraert, 19??-, Belgian nematodologist at the Univ. of Gent, is honoured in the nematode names Paramonhystera geraerti Chen & Vincx, 2000 & Acantholaimus geraerti Muthumbi & Vincx, 1997.

The amphipod name Vibilia jeangerardii Lucas, 1849 is likely named for the French graphic artist Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard (pseudonym Grandville), (13 Sep. - Nancy) 1803-1847 (17 Mar.), who i.a. made fantastic caricatures of human weaknesses using animal drawings.

The kinorhynch name Echinoderes gerardi Higgins, 1978 is named in honour of "the Honorable Sumner Gerard, (New York) 1916-2005 (25 Feb. - Vero Beach, Florida), former United States Ambassador to Jamaica (between 1974-77, after which he moved to Florida and became professor of marine archaeology at the Univ. of Miami) and former Director of the USAID mission in Tunisia". (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided the birth date).

The zoantharian genus Gerardia Lacaze-Duthiers, 1864 is not a tribute to Frédéric Gérard, 1806-1857, a disciple of Lamarck and Geoffroy-Saint-Hilaire, working on evolution theory, but to the unmarried name Gérard of Lacace-Duthiers' mother. The author's father, the Baron, was a rather difficult and authoritative person, so likelely the son loved his mother more.

The author say about the penaeid name Metapenaeopsis gerardoi Pérez Farfante, 1971, "This species is named for my husband, Gerardo A. Canet", 191?-, (survived his wife, who was born in 1916 and died in 2009); he is identical with the Cuban geographer Gerardo Augusto Canet Alvarez, who married Farfante in 1941 - see Farfante).

Dr. Pavel I. Gerasev, 1952-, monogenean researcher at the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Science, is honoured in the monogenean name Polyclithrum gerasevi Gaevskaya & Dmitrieva, 1997.

The researcher J. Gerbe, published "Sur les Sacculines ..." in 1862 [Sacculina gerbei J. Bonnier, 1887]. He is likely identical with the French zoologist Dr. Jean-Joseph Zéphirin Gerbe, (21 Dec. - Bras dans le Var) 1810-1890 (28 June - Bras dans le Var), who mainly worked on birds, but also published on e.g. crustaceans (and established the French editition of Brehm's Tierleben), because other zoologists by that family name during this time does not seem to exist.

The coral name Rhizosmilia gerdae Cairns, 1978 is not named for a person's name, but for the US Fish Commission's R/V Gerda, which caught the species.

Paul Geret, 1863-1925, Malacologist, based at the Musée d'Histoire Naturalles, Saint Quentin as a 'conservateur'.

Lacking information about Gergenstein in the sponge name Crella gergensteini (Schwartschevski, 1880).

Dr. Mia Irene Gerhardt, 1918-1988, Prof. of comparative litterary science at the Univ. of Utrecht, from Domburg (Holland), one of editors of newsletter of Nederlandse Malacologische Vereniging, "with whom who I cooperated so pleasantly in producing the 'Correspondentieblad van de Nederlandse Malacologische Vereniging'" [Setia miae Verduin, 1988, Assiminea gerhardtae de Jong & Coomans, 1988]. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided the citation).

The Californian leptostracan name Nebalia gerkenae Haney & Martin, 2000, must very likely be a tribute to the cumacean researcher Dr. Sarah Gerken, 19??-, Univ. of Alaska.

Prof. Dr. Sebastian Adam Gerlach, 1929-, retired German nematod researcher. He worked at several universities in N Germany, e.g. Kiel between 1981-91, but also abroad e.g. as director of the Helsingör (Elsinore) Laboratory between 1975-76 [Ophryotrocha gerlachi Hartmann-Schröder, 1974, Cryptenoplus gerlachi Riemann, 1966, Spirinia (Spirinia) gerlachi (Luc & de Coninck, 1959), Calligyrus gerlachi Lorenzen, 1969, Gerlachius Andrássy, 1976, Setoplectus gerlachi Vitiello, 1971, Metasphaerolaimus gerlachi Jensen, 1992, Campylaimus gerlachi Timm, 1961, Synonema gerlachi Jensen, 1989, Xarifia gerlachi Humes, 1962, Enhydrosoma gerlachi Jacobi, 1955, Teleotanais gerlachi Lang, 1956, Macrodasys gerlachi Papi, 1957, Cateria gerlachi Higgins, 1968, Eurystomina gerlachi Inglis, 1962, Pseudonchus gerlachi Warwick, 1969, Microhedyle gerlachi Marcus & Marcus, 1960, Pseudotanais (Akanthinotanais) gerlachi Sieg, 1973].

de Gerlache de Gomery : (see Lecointe)

Prof. Dr. Johannes Hermann Gerloff, 1915-2000, German (Berlin) algologist, is honoured in the green algal name Cladophoropsis gerloffii Nizamuddin, 1980.

Louis Rodolphe Germain, 1827-1917, veterinary surgeon in the French colonial army, serving in Indochina (= Vietnam) from 1862-67. In 1875 he went to New Caledonia. He made considerable zoological collections in his spare time, donating them to the Paris Museum [Atergatopsis germainii A. Milne-Edwards, 1865].

The gastropod name Pygmaepterys germainae E. H. Vokes & A. D' Attilio, 1978 may possibly be a tribute to the French? malacologist Dr. Louis Germain, (8 Jan. - Niort) 1878-1942 (18 Oct. - Angers), at the Muséum national d’histoire naturelle de Paris, who published on malacology from Asia Minor [possibly Eunicella germaini Stiasny, 1937, possibly Cladiella germaini Tixier-Durivault, 1942].

Prof. Ernst Friedrich Germar, (3 Nov. - Glauchau, Sachsen) 1786-1853 (8 July - Halle, Saale), German entomologist (mainly Coleoptera) and geologist. Professor of Mineralology in Halle.

Mrs. Rachel (Raye) N. Germon, 19??-, from USA, Dep. Invert. zool., Smithsonian Inst., has i.a. made several type catalogues of molluscs [Tractolira germonae Harasewych, 1987].

The gastropod name Conus gernanti E. J. Petuch, 1975 is named after Dr. Robert E. Gernant, 19??-, University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee, US palaeontologist / malacologist.

Prof. Dr. John Hiram Gerould, ( Stoddard, NH) 1868-1946, at the Dartmouth College, USA, published on sipunculans in 1908 and 1913, but also on holothurians and butterflies [Aspidosiphon gerouldi ten Broeke, 1925]. He achieved his PhD at Harward in 1895.

Lacking information about Gerrard in the bivalve name Transennella gerrardi Abbott, 1958. It is likely not Edward Gerrard, (20 Oct.) 1810-1910 (19 June), who was an Attendant in J.E. Gray's department at the British Museum.

Andrew Gerrett, 1823-1887, US Malacologist working in Polynesia.

Dr. Lisa-ann Gershwin, (13 Feb. - Palm Springs, Cal.) 1964-, cnidariologist at James Cook Univ. (and Dept of Integrative Biology, Univ of California at Berkeley), is honoured in the amphipod name Cystisoma gershwinae Zeidler, 2003.

Prof. Carl Eduard Adolph Gerstäcker, (30 Aug. - Berlin) 1828-1895 (20 June - Greifswald). German professor of Zoology in Greifswald from 1876, who primarily was an entomologist, but also i.a. published on copepods. He was succeded by G.W. Müller (q.v.).

The foraminiferan name Elphidium gerthi Van Voorthuysen, 1957, must be a tribute to the German palaeontologist Prof. Dr. Heinrich Gerth, (16 June) 1884-1971 (2 Aug. - Bonn), who worked both in Argentina, Germany, Netherlands and Dutch colonies.

Prof. Dr. François Paul Louis Gervais, (26 Sep. - Paris) 1816-1879 (10 Feb. - Paris), French zoologist and physician, who had been a disciple of de Blainville (q.v.) and in 1845 became Prof. of Zoology at thr Univ. of Montpellier, but in 1865 returned to Paris and a chair at Sorbonne [Mesoplodon gervaisi (Deslongchamps, 1866)].

Charles Alexis Adrien Duhérissier de Gerville, (19 Sep. - Gerville-la-Forêt) 1769-1853 (26 July - Valognes), French historian, archaeologist and naturalist is likely the person honoured in the gastropod name Mitrella gervillii Payraudeau, 1826.

Raffaello Gestro, (21 Mar. - Genoa) 1845-1936 (6 June - Genoa), was mainly coleopterologist, but worked also in the museum in Genoa, where he was director, on molluscs.

David Geyer, (6 Nov.) 1855-1932 (6 Nov.), German palaentologist, who worked on malacology, but mainly on terrestrial or limnic species.

Hypselodoris ghiselini Bertsch, 1978 is named for the US invertebrate researcher Dr. Michael T. Ghiselin, 1939-, (Ph.D., Stanford University, 1965) at the California Acadey of Sciences. This photo was kindly sent over by Ghiselin's colleauge Dr. Hans Bertsch (q.v.), who is copyright owner of the picture.

Dr. Fernando Ghisotti, 19??-, of the Societa Malacologica Italiana, Milan, is honoured in the bivalve name Idas ghisottii Warén & Carrozza, 1990 and in the gastropod name Chrysallida ghisotti van Aartsen, 1984. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided the connection between person and names).

Khristofor Yakovlevich Ghobi (also spelled Gobi), 1847-1920, Russian algologist [Gobia Reinke, Ceramium gobii Waern].

The red algal name Ceramium giacconei Cormaci & Furnari is named for Prof. Giuseppe Giaccone, (10 Feb. - Baucina) 1936-, botanist (algologist) in the Catania University (Dr. R. Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

The Mediterranean hydroid name Zanclea giancarloi Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 is dedicated to Giancarlo Stefanelli, 19??-, "(husband of C. Gravili) for his patience and support during the preparation ...".

Gianius Erséus, 1992 is named for Prof. Narcisse Giani, 1947-, "(Université P. Sabatier, Toulouse, France), who has contributed much to the taxonomy of Tubificidae in the Mediterranean area ...".

Fulvio Giannini, 19??-, amateur conchologist from Empoli, Italy, is honoured in the gastropod names Onoba gianninii (Nordsieck, 1974) and Ringicula gianninii F. Nordsieck, 1974. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided his first name and address).

Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, 1945-, malacologist from Palermo, Sicily, who has been very helpful to the compiler of these lists [Krachiopsis giannuzzii Smriglio, 1999].

The Brazil tanaid name Kalliapsuedes gianucai Bacescu, 1979 must be a tribute to Prof. Dr. Norton Mattos Gianuca, 19??-, Universidade do Rio Grande, who i.a. has published on ecology of sandy bottoms in S Brazil.

Prof. Alfred Mathieu Giard, (8 Aug. - Valenciennes) 1846-1908 (8 Aug. - Orsay, Essonne), French biologist in Paris, who was appointed professor in Sorbonne, where he also served as director of the marine laboratory in Wimereux, which was founded by him. He was a convinced neo-Lamarckist and he introduced the term poecilogony ("poecilogonie") in biological literature [Giardella Canu, 1888, Holophryxus giardi Richardson, 1908, Capitellides giardi Mesnil, 1897, Lygdamis giardi Kirtley, 1994, Sphaeronella giardii Hansen, 1897, Dipolydora giardi (Mesnil, 1896), Stoecharthrum giardi Caullery & Mesnil, 1899, Myxidium giardi Cépède, 1906, Arcturopsis giardi (Bonnier, 1896), Pterygioteuthis giardi Fischer, 1896, Freyella giardi Koehler, 1908, Pseudione giardi Calman, 1898].

Lacking information about Giardin in the nemertean name Amphiporus giardinae Monastero, 1930.

Prof. Lewis Reeve Gibbes, (14 Aug. - Charleston, SC) 1810-1894 (21 Nov. - Charleston, SC), physician and naturalist (mainly chemist, but initially working as Prof. of mathemathics) from Charleston, South Carolina, who in 1836-37 visited Paris, meeting several Frechch scientists, later describing a few decapod crustaceans, is remembered in the medusa name Margelopsis gibbesi (McCrady, 1857), the author of the species being a 21 year younger man from the same town [Percnon gibbesi (H. Milne Edwards, 1853), Albunea gibbesii ].

Mr. John Gibbs, (before 1780, Sandwich, Kent) 17??-18?? (before 1864), in Leach's names Pisa gibbsi and Modiola gibbsi was a friend and an employee of George Montagu (q.v.), who was employed by Montagu to stuff his birds, but also helped him with much collection and James Sowerby (q.v.) also named a fungus after him. He collected on the shore for Montagu, but also built up own collections, at least of coins and fossils and "has throughout his life been attached to the study and practice of electricity and galvanism" (according to New Monthly Magazine, Nov. 1814, which say that he spent a considerable portion of his life in his birth place and early evinced a taste for antiquarian pursuits, for the mechanical sciences and for natural history and that he after having met Montagu, traveled by foot from Land's End, Cornwall to Goodwin Sands, Kent in order to collect shells and in a similar manner collected along the Welsh coast). (Dr. Keith Harrisson kindly provided much of this information).

Lacking information about Gibbs, 18??-1???, in the name Sacculina gibbsi (Hesse, 1867) from Pisa armata (Latreille, 1803) with type locality Brest.

Dr. Peter Edward Gibbs, 1938-, British Sipuncula & polychaete specialist, now retired [Synelmis gibbsi Salazar-Vallejo, 2003]. Lygdamis gibbsi Kirtley, 1994, also from the Solomon Islands, is likely also a tribute to the same person, because he took part in a Royal Society expedition to that part of the world.

Dr. George Wolcott Gibbs, (17 July - Sunswick - now Astoria) 1815-1873 (9 Apr. - New Haven, Connecticut) , anticquarian and ethnologist , collecting also geological and natural history objects, of International North-west Boundary Commission [Malletia gibbsi Dall, 1897, very likely also Styela gibbsii Stimpson, 1864 is honouring this Gibbs]. He was the son of the namesake George Gibbs (7 Jan. - Newport, Rhode Island) 1776-1833 (6 Aug. - Sunswick), mineralologist, and his wife Laura Wolcott. (The information - see the link above - was kindly received from David Hollombe, Los Angeles)

Synodus gibbsi Cressey, 1981 was named for Dr. Robert (Bob) Henry Gibbs jr, 1929-1988, US ichthyologist at Smithsonian Inst.

The cephalopod name Octopus gibbsi O'Shea, 1999 was explained by Steve O'Shea that it was named for a late, great mate, David W (for Wonderful) Gibbs, 19??-19??, likely recently deceased when the species was described.

Lacking information about Gibory in the asteroid name Hymenaster giboryi Perrier, 1894. Posssibly the physician Gabriel Joseph Félix Gibory, 1868-19??, is the person honoured, but more probablly Monsieur Gibory, 18??-1???, "enseigne de vaisseau" on board R/V Talisman during the dredgings in 1883.

Dr. David Ian Gibson, 1945-, helminthologist at the Brithish Museum of Natural History [Gibsoniela Rego, 1985, Gibsonia Gaevskaya & Rodyuk, 1988, Gibsonium Brooks & Holcman, 1993, Gibsonivermis Bray, Cribb & Barker, 1997, Gibsonnema Moravec, Salgado-Maldonado & Aguilar-Aguilar, 2002, Paracapillaria gibsoni Moravec, 1987, Pseudodiplectanum gibsoni Oliver, 1987, Brevimulticaecum gibsoni Sprent, 1979, Acanthogalea gibsoni Gaevskaja, 1983, Corynosoma gibsoni Zdzitowiecki, 1986, Neoechinorhynchus gibsoni Khan & Bilqees, 1989, Discoverytrema gibsoni Zdzitowiecki, 1990, Neonotoporus gibsoni Ahmad, 1990, Steganoderma gibsoni Cribb & al., 1992, Proteocephalus gibsoni Rego & Pavanelli, 1991, Retractomonorchis gibsoni Ahmad, 1991, Helicometra gibsoni Meenashki & al., 1993, Rhipidocotyle gibsoni Kohn & Fernandez, 1994, Indocapillaria gibsoni De & Maity, 1995, Pseudempleurosoma gibsoni Santos, Morão & Cárdenas, 2001, Peracreadium gibsoni Kornijchuk & Gaevskaya, 2001, Acanthobothrium gibsoni Campbell & Beveridge, 2002, Centrorhynchus gibsoni Khan, Ghazi & Bilqees, 2002].

Professor Dr. Ray Gibson, (23 Nov.) 1938-, Liverpool specialist on nemerteans. His wife Jill is honoured in Parahubrechtia jillae Gibson & Sundberg, 1999 because she has "unfailingly supported his research interest in nemerteans" [Asteronemertes gibsoni Chernuishev, 1991, Ainudrilus gibsoni Erséus, 1990, Gibsonnemertes Härlin, 1998 (& the Tasmanian limnic nemertean Potamonemertes gibsoni Hickman & Moore, 1990)].

Mr. & Mrs. Jack Gibson Smith, 19??-, (her first name is Winifred), collectors, formerly of Caracas, Venezuela, now living in Surrey, England, is honoured in the gastropod names Attiliosa gibsonsmithi Vokes, 1999, Conus gibsonsmithorum E. J. Petuch, 1986 & Pseudocyphoma gibsonsmithorum Petuch, 1987. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

Dr. Lennart Gidholm, 1928-, Swedish polychaete worker, who has worked mainly on the subfamily Autolytinae among the Syllids. PhD in Uppsala in 1966. After his time in Uppsala, he eventually moved to the Linköping University, where he worked (mainly with education) until his retirement. After the retirement, however, he has continued with the taxonomy of certain more or less edible mushroms, paricularly the Agaricus complex [Myrianida gidholmi Nygren & Pleijel, 2007 from Carrie Bow Cay, Belize)].

Dr. Olav Giere, 1939-, meiobenthologist, professor in Hamburg, especially interested in oligochaetes [Olavius Erséus, 1985, Gieridrilus Erséus, 1981 (later considered a synonum of Heterodrilus Pierantoni, 1902)].

Prof. Dr. Wilhelm Giesbrecht, (Danzig) 1854-1913 (13 Apr.), Danzig biologist, who was educated in Kiel and achieved there his PhD on Baltic copepods for prof. Möbius (q.v.) in 1881. After this he moved to the Zoological Station in Napoli (Naples), where he worked for the rest of his life. He became a leading copepodologist. His monograph on pelagic copepods from the Gulf of Naples, also based on world-wide collections made by Vettor Pisani between 1882-85, published in 1992, is a monumental work. In 1904 he was titled honorary professer, at request to the Prussian authorities from his very close friend Anton Dohrn (q.v.), the director of the station. His widow moved to Switzerland after he died and lived there (Zürich) until she died August 1939 [Paramphiascopsis giesbrechti (G.O. Sars, 1906), Euaetideus giesbrechti (Cleve, 1904), Pseudocyclopia giesbrechti Wolfenden, 1902, Arietellus giesbrechti G.O. Sars, 1905, Onchocorycaeus giesbrechti (F. Dahl, 1894), Harpacticus giesbrechti Klie, 1927, Stenhelia (Delavalia) giesbrechti T. & A. Scott, 1896, Conchoecetta giesbrechti (G.W. Müller, 1906), Buntonia giesbrechti (G.W. Müller, 1894), Pseudoclausia giesbrechti Bocquet & Stock, 1960, Candacia giesbrechti Grice & Lawson, 1977, Xanthocalanus giesbrechti I.C. Thompson, 1903].

Lacking information about Giesbrecht in the Mediterranean polyclad name Prostheceraeus giesbrechtii Schmarda, 1859.

Prof. Arthur Charles Giese, (19 Dec. - Chicago, Ill.) 1904-1994 (1 Jan.), US invertebrate researcher at the Stanford Univ.; edited e.g. "Reproduction of marine invertebrates" together with John S. Pearce and his wife Vicki (q.v.).

Prof. Dr. Marian Gieysztor, (St. Petersburg) 1901-1961, achieved a PhD in Warsaw in 1936 after studies of Rhadocoelida since 1926 and was later appointed professor there. The genus name Gieysztoria Ruebush & Hayes (1939 (Dalyelliida) is in his honour.

Miss Isabella Gifford, (Swansea) 1823-1891 (Minehead, Somerset), British phycologist and author, who published "The marine botanist..." in Brighton in 1853 [Giffordia Batters, 1893].

Enrico Hillyer Giglioli, (13 June - London) 1845-1909 (16 Dec. - Florence), Italian zoologist, anthropologist and traveller, who also was an internationally-known collector of archaeological and ethnographical material. He became Curator and Professor at the natural history museum in Florence and worked mainly on Italian bird fauna. [Plesionika gigliolii (Senna, 1902), Doridium gigliolii (Tapparone-Canefri)]. He colloborated e.g. with Davide Carazzi, (S. Bonifacio) 1858-1923 (Firenze), working in Firenze, who i.a. published on polychaetes [Carazzia Mesnil, 1895].

Dr. Charles Henry Gilbert, (5 Dec. - Rockford, Illinois) 1859-1928 (20 Apr.), U.S. fish taxonomist and chairman of the zoology department at Stanford University (where he arrived from Indiana together with his predecessor and master Jordan (q.v.)), working in fresh water and in the Pacific area. He also participated in cruises with Albatross in 1902 (when he and the skipper Chauncey Thomas, Jr., 1850-1919, were in conflict) and 1906. [possibly Tritonia gilberti MacFarland, 1966, likely Ceratothoa gilberti (Richardson, 1904), likely Dytaster gilberti Fisher, 1905]. A sculpin from the Sea of Okhotsk, Triglops dorothy Pietsch & Orr, 2006, was named for Dorothy T. Gilbert, 1929-2008, wife of William W. Gilbert, grandson of ichthyologist Charles Henry Gilbert. In 1998, Dorothy Gilbert established a permanent research fund for ichthyological research at the University of Washington in Seattle. (Dr. David Damkaer, Seattle, kindly provided the information about Dorothy Gilbert).

Glycera gilbertae Böggemann & Fiege, 2001 was described in honour of Katherine M. Gilbert, 19??-, Florida. Dept. of Environmental Protection, "who first gave a detailed description of it as Glycera sp. E".

The gastropod name Cantharidus gilberti (Montrouzier in Fischer, 1878), now in genus Tectus, is not honouring a person's name but was found off the Gilbert Islands.

Dr. John Dow Fisher Gilchrist, (Anstruther, Scotland) 1866-1926 (22 Oct.), PhD in 1894 in Jena on pallial organs of bullomorphs, is likely the person honoured in the spiny lobster name Palinurus gilchristi Stebbing, 1898 and in the Callianassid name Podocallichirus gilchristi (Barnard, 1946). He moved to South Africa and became the first director of the Marine Biological Survey, between 1896-1907, using the first South African (Cape Town) Fisheries Research Vessel "Pieter Faure" to conduct investigations of marine fauna along the coast until the Survey was closed down in 1907 due to lack of money, and in 1905 until his death Professor of Zoology in Cape Town. In 1920 the Marine Biological Survey resumed operations under a new name with Gilchrist as director, using the SS "Pickle", a whaler on loan from the British Admiralty. [Armina gilchristi (Bergh, 1907), Pleurobranchoides gilchristi O'Donoghue 1930, Abraliopsis gilchristi (Robson, 1924) Collins & Henriques 2000, Conus natalis gilchristi G. B. Sowerby III, 1903, Athleta gilchristi (Sowerby, 1902), Sphenotrochus gilchristi Gardiner, 1904, Tripterophycis gilchristi Boulenger, 1902, Neptuneopsis gilchristi (Sowerby III, 1898), Chascanopsetta gilchristi von Bonde, 1922, Scorpaenopsis gilchristi (Smith, 1957), Cynoglossus gilchristi Regan, 1920, likely Cephalodiscus gilchristi,Ridewood, 1908, Gilchristella Fowler, 1935, Stauroteuthis gilchristi (Robson 1924), likely Narella gilchristi Thomson, 1911, Leptogorgia gilchristi (Hickson, 1904), Lygdamis gilchristi Kirtley, 1994, Sabellaria gilchristi McIntosh, 1925, Gennadas gilchristi Calman, 1925, likely Scolelepis (Parascolelepis) gilchristi (Day, 1961)]. A few more modern marine zoological researchers by the same family name are Dr. Barbara M. Gilchrist, 1???-, of Bedford College, London, British marine researcher and Prof. Dr. Sandra L. Gilchrist, 19??-, New College at the Univ. of South Florida,. Sarasota, is another.

Major (later liutenanant colonel) George Michael James Giles, (20 Dec.) 1853-1916 (24 Aug. - Plymouth), Bengal Medical Service, British surgeon and naturalist, who mainly published on Culicidae, parasitic nematodes etc., had spent a few early years in India as surgeon naturalist on the Indian research ship Investigator. He retired from the army in January 1901, eventually settling in Portsmouth. [Eupasiphaea gilesi (Wood-Mason, 1892)].

Dr. Anthony C. Gill, 1962-, Australian ichthyologist at the British Museum (Nat. Hist.).

Prof. Theodore Nicholas Gill, (21 Mar. - New York) 1837-1914 (25 Sep. - Washington, D.C.), former law student from New York, ichthyologist at Smithsonian (from 1861) and Professor of Zoology at Columbian University [Turbonilla gilli Dall & Bartsch, 1907, Tursiops gilli Dall, Paracerceis gilliana (Richardson, 1899), Pagurus gilli (Benedict, 1892)]. Gill published some of his papers together with C.H. Townsend (q.v.).

Lacking information about Gill in the New Guinean hydroid name Zanclea gilli Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000. Possibly (because this type of hydroids may look a little like aliens) - but perhaps not likely - the Australian father William Booth Gill, (5 Jan.) 1928-2007 (13 June), an Anglian priest on Papua New Guinea, who in June 1959 together with around 25 other persons observed something looking like an UFO with humanoids onboard, may be the honoured person?

Dr. Keith Gillett, 1929-, leader of the Swain Reefs Expedition [Ophiopsila gilletti Kingston, 1980].

The flatworm name Proctophantastes gillissi (Overstreet & Pritchard, 1977) is not named directly in honour of the US naval officer and astronomer James Melville Gilliss, (6 Sep.) 1811-65 (9 Feb.), but was caught by R/V James M. Gillis, which of course got its name from this person.

Lacking information about Gilquin in the cestode genus name Gilquinia Guiart, 1927.

Gustave Gilson : (see Capart).

The acantharian name Lychnaspis giltschi Haeckel must honour the Jena lithographer Adolf Giltsch, (23 Apr.) 1852-1911 (15 June), who made many nice etched plates for Haeckel.

Isaac Ginsburg, (19 Aug. - Lithuania) 1886-1975 (2 Sep. - Arlington, Virginia), arrived tu USA as a boy and studied Ichthyology at Cornell University. After graduation he spent a short time at the Division of Fishes at the U.S. National Museum, but in 1922 he received an appointment with the Bureau of Fisheries and worked there until he retired in 1956, mainly studying marine fishes in the Gulf of Mexico [Gobiosoma ginsburgi Hildebrand & Schroeder, 1928, Parrella ginsburgi Wade, 1946, Symphurus ginsburgi Menezes & Benvegnú, 1976].

Lacking information about Girard in the gastropod name Cylichnina girardi Audouin, 1826. Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida suggests that it possibly may be Albert Alexandre Girard, who authored works on freshwater and terrestrial gastropods during the 1850s -1890s, but he is likely identical with the person mentioned below, and if so, he was not born when Audouin put this name on the species.

Dr. Charles Frédéric Girard, (8 Mar. - Mulhouse, France) 1822-1895 (29 Mar. - Neuilly-sur-Seine, near Paris), French-U.S. zoologist (ichthyologist & herpetologist), who followed his teacher L. Agassiz (q.v.) to the USA, but later (1864) returned to France, where he practiced as physician [Plagiostomum girardi (O. Schmidt, 1857)]. There also is a French-Portugese naturalist Alberto Arthur Alexandre Girard, 1860-1914.

The gastropod name Cerodrillia girardi Lyons, 1972 is in honour of Capt. Earl W. Girard, 19??-, master of the R/V Henán Cortez during the Hourglass cruises. The French physician and biologist Dr. Georges Girard, (4 Feb. - Isigny-sur-mer (Calvados)) 1888-1985 (20 Feb. - Paris), have the same family name.

Lacking information about Girard in the sponge name Celtodoryx girardae Perez, Perrin, Carteron, Vacelet & Boury-Esnault, 2007, but possibly a tribute to A. Girard-Descatoire, 19??-,

The algal genus name Giraudia Derb. & Sol. in Castagne, 1851 and the red algal name Seirospora giraudyi (Kützing) De Toni, 1903 are named for the French naturalist Honoré Giraudy, 1???-1862. A namesake is the Swiss naturalist Charles Bonnet Giraudy, 1720-1793.

The harpacticoid name Sarsameira giraulti Monard, 1935 is likely a tribute to the US entomologist Alexandrè Arsène Girault, (9 Jan. - Annapolis) 1884-1941 (2 May - Brisbane). Girault worked initially in USA, but spent also several years in Australia, where he had gone in 1911, but returned in the autumn of 1914 to USA with his Australian wife due to the World economical depression, however returning with his family to Australia in late 1917 and after that staying there, collecting insects.

The gastropod name Eulimella giribeti Peñas & E.M. Rolán, 1997 is named for Dr. Gonzalo Giribet, (2 Sep.) 1970-, Spanish zoologist (PhD, Univ. of Barcelona - 1997 - on Molecular phylogeny of Arthropods, but beside opilionids and other arthropods also a specialist on mollusks), who from 2000 has worked as Associate Professor at the Harvard Univ., USA [Monticellina giribeti Dean & Blake, 2009].

Lacking information about Gisela in the copepod name Parapseudocyclops giselae Campaner, 1977, but possibly a tribute to the Brazilian copepod worker Dr. Gisela Y. Shimizu, 19??-,.

Dr. Hermann Gisin, (11 Mar.) 1917-1967 (16 Aug.), Swiss collembol researcher [Hypogastrura gisini (Strenzke, 1954)].

The amphipod name Rhachotropis gislii Thurston, 1980 is after Gísli Súrsson, a person in one of the Icelandic Saga's (according to kind information from Prof. Wim Vader). Gísla saga Súrssonar, is a Saga about an outlaw by that name, written between 1270-1320 about a person, Gísli, who moves from Norway around year 950 to Iceland. It has been filmed under the title Útlaginn (The Outlaw).

Prof. Dr. Torsten Richard Emanuel Gislén, (21 June - Kalmar) 1893-1954 (26 Aug.), achieved his PhD on echinoderms in Uppsala in 1924, worked some years as secondary school teacher but was appointed professor in Lund in 1932 and was director of the limnological stations in Lund and Aneboda between 1934-45. His special interest was echinoderms, particularly crinoids, but he also worked on e.g. ecology and zoogeography. During his stay in California he became a friend of Ed(ward Flanders Robb) Ricketts, (31 Oct. - Chicago) 1896-1948 (11 May - after his car had been struck by the Del Monte Express 3 days earlier), (Doc in Steinbeck's novels) [Panoploea rickettsi Shoemaker, 1931, Isometridium rickettsi Carlgren, 1949, Aclesia rickettsi MacFarland, 1966, Longiprostatum rickettsi Hyman, 1953, Palythoa rickettsi Carlgren, 1951, Nephtys rickettsi Hartman, 1938], but as Gislén was deeply religious (grown up in a religios family), he was rather shocked when Ricketts - who evidently had a certain sense for jokes - sent him Californian marine specimens wrapped in pages from more or less pornographical magazines in exchange for European dissection equipment [Zeuctocrinus gisleni A.M. Clark, 1973, Hymedesmia gisleni Alander, 1942, Zosime gisleni Lang, 1948]. Ed. Rickets was a relative of Howard T(aylor) Ricketts, (9 Feb.) 1871-1910 (3 May), the Chicago pathologist, after whom the Rickettsiae are named. Despite that the Hopkins Marine Station director Fisher (q.v.) tried to stop it, he published "Between Pacific tides" together with Jack Calvin, 1901-1985, an environmentalist and printer in Sitka, Alaska (from around 1935, where he had arrived by canoe from Oregon around 1930 and fallen in love both with the nature there and his wife to be), which was the northern limit for the marine creatures of this book. Ricketts and Calvin first met in 1932 spending more than 2 months on a collecting trip on Calvin's boat. Calvin's eldest daughter Natasha Ivanovna Calvin, around 1933-2001 (7 Sep. - Sitka, Alaska) (68 years old when she died), also became a marine biologist, working mainly on phycology, but a granddaughter of Jack Calvin, Mary Purvis, is still living in the Sitka area. Jack Calvin and his wife Sasha Kashevaroff (one of around 6 daughers of a Russian orthodox bishop in Juneau, Alaska; died before her husband did) were the owners of the "Grampus", an around 10 m long boat used for marine collecting trips in the Sitka area. After marriage, the Calvin couple first lived in Carmel. California for a few years, becoming friends of the intellectual society in Monterey (Ricketts, the Steunbeck couple, etc.), before moving to Sitka in the mid 1930s. In 1922 Ed. Ricketts met and married Anna Barbara "Nan" Maker, a girl from Pennsylvania, who had come to Chicago. Their son Ed Ricketts jr. was born on Aug. 23 1923 and soon afterwards this couple moved to Pacific Grove and joined Ed's friend Albert E Galigher (another Chicago zoology student, like Ricketts under the influence of the ecologist Warder Clyde Allee) in establishing the "Pacific Biological Laboratories" their common business involved in collecting specimens for schools and laboratories around USA, but Galigher already in 1924 left the business, leaving it to Ricketts and his family, who was growing by the birth of a daughter Nancy, who later moved to Sitka, Alaska. In autumn 1936 a fire destroyd most of Ricketts properties including his laboratory and his library (including essential scientific books and papers and his personal library), so he had to restart almost from scratch. Interesting information about him and his friends may be found m K.A. Rodger (Ed.) 2002. Renaissance Man of Cannery Row. The Life and Letters of Edward F. Ricketts. Univ. of Alabama Press. 283 pp.

Dr. Nils Gissler, (20 Feb. - Gissjö, Torp, Västernorrland) 1715-1771 (19 Nov.), was a student of Linnaeus at Uppsala University, and became the first physician in the true Norrland of Sweden. His studies ranged from meteorology to fisheries, and he died as a respected and still-remembered scientist and physician. His name was mis-spelled on his copepod paper of 1751 for the Svenska Vetenskaps Akademien. Therefore, he appears in copepod circles as "Gisler." [Lernanthropus gisleri van Beneden, 1852, possibly Cerithiopsis gissleri A. M. Strong & J. G. Hertlein, 1939]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Edmund Gittenberger, (29 Aug. - Groede) 1943-, is a malacologist at the Institute of Evolutionary and Ecological Sciences, National Museum of Natural History, Leiden, the Netherlands, where he is curator of Mollusca. His son, Dr. Adriaan Gittenberger, (17 Mar. - Leiden) 1976-, achieved his PhD in the same Institute and has co-authored papers with his father [Lissotesta gittenbergeri (van Aartsen & Bogi, 1988) and Setia gittenbergeri (Verduin, 1984), Bermudaclis gittenbergeri de Jong & Coomans, 1988, Odostomia gittenbergeri van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996, Alvania gittenbergeri van Aartsen & Menkhorst, 1988]. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided some of this information).

Chrysallida gitzelsi Van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 2000 was named for Mr. W. (Wilbert?) T.C. Gitzels, 19??-, of Rijnsaterwoude, Dutch fellow malacologist.

Anekes giustii Bogi & Nofroni, 1989 is named for the Italian malacologist, Francesco Giusti, 19??-, shell collector of Livorno [Crinophtheiros giustii Gaglini, 1991] (Dr. R. Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Dr. Christopher John Glasby, 19??-, is a polychaete specialist [Synelmis glasbyi Salazar-Vallejo, 2003] and Dr. Belinda Glasby, 19??-, a sponge specialist, both at the Northern Territory Museum, Darwin, Australia. (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided the eponym).

Louisa S. Glascott, (New Ross, Wexford) 18??-19??, (fl. 1893-1900), of Alderton, New Ross, a student of A.C. Haddon (q.v.), Irish Rotiferan worker, but mainly limnic species.

The sponge name Suberites glasenapii Merejkowski, 1879 must likely either have been a tribute to the Russian Admiral Gottlieb Friedrich Alexandrowitsch (sometimes instead called Bogdan) von Glasenapp, (22 Jan.) 1811-1892 (5 Dec. - Wiesbaden), who as a young man took part in the circumnavigation of Fjodor Petrowitsch Lütke, or possibly to his brother, the Russian Vice Admiral Woldemar von Glasenapp, (28 June - Walk (Estonian Valga)) 1812-1895 (18 July - Dorpat), because their names are often spelled Глазенап (with only one ending p in Russian).

Steve Andrew Glassell, (22 May - California) 1885-1949 (6 Sep.), businessman in Los Amgeles County, who became a self-taught carcinologist at the San Diego Natural History Museum, where he worked for many years as an unpaid volunteer [Petrolisthes glasselli Haig].

The gastropod name Horologica glaubrechti Jay & Drivas, 2002 may possibly honour Dr. Matthias Glaubrecht, (8 Oct.) 1962-, curator of malacological collection at Museum of Naturkunde Berlin. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this suggestion)

Acanthochiton glauerti Ashby, 1923 was named for Ludwig Glauert, (5 May - Ecclesall, Sheffield, England) 1879-1963 (1 Feb. - Perth), palaeontologist, keeper of (first) Geology and Ethnology and from 1920 of the Biological collections at the Western Australian Museum. He and his wife had migrated from England to Perth in 1908. Between 1954-57 he was the director of the museum.

Pseudolaophonte glemareci Bodin, 1977 is honouring Prof. (from 2000 Professeur émérite) Dr. Michel Glémarec, 193?-, Laboratoire d'Océanographie, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France, who was deeply involved in the research regarding pollution from the wrecked Amoco Cadiz. He achieved his PhD at Univ. of Sorbonne in 1969.

The gastropod name Attiliosa glenduffyi E. J. Petuch, 1993 must likely be a tribute to the Dominican Republic shell dealer Glenn Duffy, 19??-, Boca Chica, Dominican Republic, and likely the Panaman gastropod name Conus (Leporiconus) glenni Petuch, 1993 may be a tribute to the same person.

Maxime Glibert, 1905-1984, Belgian Malacologist.

The gastropod names Dermomurex (Trialatella) glicksteini Petuch, 1987 and Conus glicksteini Petuch, 1987 are honouring Dr. Marvin R. Glickstein, (20 Nov.) 1932-, an Aerospace engineer, with a strong interest in marine biology residing in North Palm Beach, Florida together with Patricia Glickstein, (26 Jan.) 1933-, who is honoured in the name Conus floridanus patglicksteinae Petuch, 1987 During the period from 1970 to 1990, he spent considerable time diving and dredging the waters along the southeast coast of Florida, collecting marine seashells and other specimens from 50 to 500 feet deep. The named Conus specimens were among the marine seashells collected by the Glicksteins, and donated to Dr. Edward Petuch for identification and study. (Dr. Glickstein himself kindly provided this information).

The copepod name Schizopera gligici Petkovski, 1957 is perhaps not named for a person, but for the town Gligic in Bosnia Hercegovina?

Lacking information about Gloria in the Gulf of Mexico polychaete name Phalacrostemma gloriaae Kirtley, 1994.

Prof. Dr. Gottlieb Théophil Gluge, (18 June - Brakel, Westphalia) 1812-1898 (22 Dec. - Nizza), Preussian-Jewish pathologist publishing i.a. on the pathology of Gasterosteus aculeatus in 1838 [Glugea Thélohan, 1891]. He was the first physician to describe influenza. After his MD at the Berlin Univ. in 1835, he studied in Paris, but von Humboldt (q.v.) and Arago (q.v.) recommended him for a professorship in Brussels, which he took and started there in 1838, spending most of his life from that time there (also becoming a Belgian citizen), but also travelling much.

Prof. Dr. Peter William Glynn, 1933-, Univ. of Miami, is honoured in the scleractinian name Siderastrea glynni Budd & Guzman, 1994 and the isopod names Paraleptosphaeroma glynni Buss & Iverson, 1981 and Paracerceis glynni Kensley, 1984 must honour the same person and he also in 1961 collected type material of the amphipod species Hyadesia glynni Manson, 1963.

Dynamenella josephi Glynn, 1968 is honouring Joseph Glynn, 19??-, son of the author (P.W. Glynn (above), who published much on isopods already during the 1960s, i.a. together with Menzies (q.v.)). (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Prof. Johann Friedrich Gmelin, (8 Aug. - Tübingen) 1748-1804 (1 Nov. - Göttingen), belonged to a well-known family of German naturalists. He was professor of medicine in Göttingen and published a large 10 volume work in botany , several works in chemistry (albeit none of these as magnificent as his son's Leopold, (2 Aug. - Göttingen) 1788-1853 (13 Apr. - Heidelberg), well-known grand handbook in inorganic chemistry), but he is possibly mainly remembered as the publisher of editio 13 of Linnaeus' "Systema Naturae" in 3 volumes between 1788-93 and 1789-96. His cousin Prof. Samuel Gottlieb Gmelin, (23 July - Tübingen) 1744-1774 (27 July), who had been appointed professor of Botany in 1767, had accompanied P.S. Pallas (q.v.) on a trip to south Russia and Persia, but was taken prisoner on his way back by the khan of the kaitaks and died shortly in prison (in Derben) [Polyneura gmelini (Greville) Kylin]. In spite of his short life-span, he managed to publish some papers, partly posthumously thanks to Pallas, but also earlier, i.a. the monumental "Historium Fucorum" in 1868 and the two last volumes of "Flora Sibirica", which the brother of his grandfather, the correspondent of Linnaeus, Johann Georg Gmelin junior,(10 Aug. - Tübingen) 1709-1755 (20 May), from Tübingen had begun to publish, after having been the leader of a Siberian pioneering expedition lasting for 10 years. J.G. Gmelin's father. Johann Georg Gmelin senior, (17 Aug. - Münchingen bei Leonberg) 1674-1728 (22 Aug. - Tübingen), was the first scientist in this family and had been a disciple of the Swedish physician and chemist Urban Hiaerne, (20 Dec. - a vicarage in Ingermanland) 1641-1724 (10 Mar. - Stockholm), later becoming a pharmacist in Tübingen, where he also teached chemistry at the university.

Gobi : (see spelling Ghobi).

The nudibranch name Trapania goddardi Hermosillo & Valdés, 2004 is in honour of the fellow nudibranchologist (and larval development expert) Dr. Jeffrey Goddard, 19??-, UC Santa Barbara's Marine Science Institute. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Dr. Jean Eugène Auguste Godeaux, 193?-, Univ. de Liège, working on pelagic tunicates, is honoured in the pyrosome name Pyrosomella godeauxi (van Soest, 1981).

Godeffroy : (see Schmeltz).

Dr. Paul Godet, (25 May - Neuchâtel) 1836-1911 (7 May - Neuchâtel), Swiss Malacologist and directeur du Musée d' Histoire Naturelle de Neuchâtel.

The asteroid name Paralophaster godfroyi (Koehler, 1912), the holothuroid name Cucumaria godfroyi Vaney, 1914 and the Antarctic polychaete name Pista godfroyi (Gravier, 1911) must all honour René-Émile Godfroy, (10 Jan. - Paris) 1885-1981 (16 Jan. - Fréjus), member - enseigne de vaisseau - of the second French Antarctic Expedition with Pourquoi pas? and later becoming an admiral.

The trematode name Saccoelioides godoyi Kohn & Froes, 1986 is dedicated to Prof. Manuel Pereira de Godoy, (22 Apr. - Piraçununga) 1922-2003 (14 Oct.), who, as the authors of this species wrote, dedicated his life to study of the Brazilian freshwater fishes. Beside his interest in natural history, he also was a local historian. (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided this information).

Lt. Col. Henry Haversham Godwin-Austen, (6 July - Teignmouth) 1834-1923 (2 Dec.), British topograper, geologist, surveyor and malacologist. {Picture / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi- Savelli}. He was the son of another naturalist, the geologist Robert Alfred Cloyne Godwin-Austen, (17 Mar.) 1808-1884 (25 Nov.).

Dr. Axel Teodor von Goës, (3 July - Röks Sn., Östergötland) 1835-1897 (20 Aug.), Swedish physician, zoologist and Arctic researcher. He collected i.a. crustaceans and foraminiferans along the northern parts of Bohuslän - spending all of summer 1862 in Bohuslän. From 1865 he served during 5 years as a garrison physician on the isle of St Barthélemy, where he also collected much from the sea, by dredging in depths down to around 750 meters [Goesia Boeck, 1871, Goesella, Glycera goesi Malmgren, 1867 (a synonym of G. rouxi), Nannonyx goesii (Boeck, 1871), Melphidippa goesii Stebbing, 1899, Ampharete goesi Malmgren, 1866, Chrithionina goesi Höglund, 1947, Liebusella goesi Höglund, 1947, Pseudowebbinella goesi (Höglund, 1947), Aceroides goesi Just, 1980, Trimusculus goesi (Hubendick, 1946), Rhizopsammia goesi (Lindström, 1877)].

The poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, (28 Aug. - Frankfurt am Main) 1749-1832 (22 Mar. - Weimar), was also an interested scientist, involvid in biology, geology and physics.

Goethem : (see Vangoethem).

Prof. Dr. Alexander Wilhelm von Goette (or Götte), (31 Dec. - St. Petersburg) 1840-1922 (5 Feb.), German zoologist, who achieved his PhD in Tübingen in 1866 and from 1872 became an assistant to E.O. Schmidt (q.v.) in Strasbourg, where he stayed for the rest of his life, except for the pereiod 1882-86, when he served in Rostock. [Opisthocystis goettei (Bresslau, 1906)].

Goeze : (see Göze).

Dr. Serge Gofas, (26 July - Paris) 1954-, micropaleontologist in the oil-company Elf Aquitaine 1981-90, and this took him to Angola in 1981-86. Then, he joined MNHN, Paris, from 1990-98 as malacologist. In 1990 he married the Spanish malacologist Carmen Salas, 1957-, [Lithophaga carmenae von Cosel 1995] and moved to a lecturer position at the Univ. of Málaga, Spain in 1998. Their daughter Elena Gofas-Salas, 1992-, is honoured in the scaphopod name Gadila elenae Scarabino, 1995 [Gofasia Bouchet & Warén, 1993, Bacteridiella gofasi Schander, 1994, Chrysallida sergei Nofroni & Schander, 1994, Benthonellania gofasi Lozouet, 1990, Dermomurex gofasi Houart, 1996, Granulina gofasi Smriglio & Mariottini, 1996, Laevidentalium gofasi Scarabino, 1995, Macromphalina gofasi Rubio & Rolan, 1993, Eulimella gofasi (Schander, 1994), Hypselodoris gofasi Ortea & Valdes, 1996, Hygromia gofasi Prieto & Puente, 1992, Muricopsis (Risomurex) gofasi Houart, 1993, Carditopsis gofasi Salas & von Cosel, 1991, Gari gofasi von Cosel, 1989, Manzonia gofasi Rolan & Fernandes, 1990, Turbonilla gofasi Penas & Rolan, 1999, Goodallia gofasi Giribet & Penas, 1999, Mitromorpha gofasi Mifsud, 2001]. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided the photo).

The gastropod name Aesopus goforthi Dall, 1912 was detected in Monterey, California by a person named Walter C. Goforth, 18??-190?, who was called the late at the time of the description. A person by exactly this name was born in Mt. Carmel, Illinois Sep. 13 1857 and became a lawyer in Illinois in Nov. 1878, but if this lawyer is identical with the collector is very unsure.

Mr. Peter Gofton, 19??-, Dep. of Zoology, University of Queensland [Dentalium goftoni Lamprell & Healey, 1998].

The polychaete name Hesionides gohari Hartmann-Schröder, 1960 is likely a tribute to the Egyptian naturalist Prof. Hamed A.F. Gohar, 1907-1994, who i.a. was a TV presenter with his program 'The world of the seas' and in 1964 published on elasmobranchs from the Red Sea and also has published on e.g. gastropods, octocorals, fish parasites etc. [Xenia gohari Eeinicke, 1997, Proctoeces gohari Ramadan, 1983, Monostrilla gohari Al Kholy 1963 (nomen nudum), Solenorchis gohari Hilmy 1949 (a synonym of S. travassosi Hilmy 1949]].

Lacking information about Gokhale in the Indian actinian name Acontiactis gokhaleae England K.W., 1990, but the honoured person is likely Dr. (Mrs) K.S. Gokhale, 19??-, Dept. of Zoology, BN Bandodkar College, Thane, larval ecology worker in India..

The harpacticoid name Sphingothrix goldi Fiers, 1997 is in honour of Prof. Dr. Gerardo Gold Bouchot, 19??-, Centro de Investigacíón y Estudios Avanzados, Merida, Mexico.

Otto Gottfried Goldfuss, (6 May - Poppeisdorf) 1831-1905 (6 Dec.), German malacologist. He was the youngest son of the German zoologist Prof. Georg August Goldfuss, (18 Apr. - Thurnau bei Baireuth) 1782-1848 (2 Oct. (stroke)), working on beetles, ornithology and fossil cave-dwelling animals - but mainly today known as coiner of the word "protozoa".

Olavius (Coralliodriloides) loisae Erséus, 1985 is named for Mrs. Lois Goldman, 19??-, secretary at Lizard Island Research Station, "who assisted most valuably during my work at Lizard Island".

Lacking information about Goldman in the gastropod name Henrya goldmani Bartsch, 1947, but possibly a tribute to Edward Alphonso Goldman, (7 July - Mount Carmel, Illinois) 1873-1946 (2 Sep. - Washington, D.C.), natural history objects collector at the U.S. Biological Survey, mainly collecting terrestrial animals (mammals, birds, etc.) in Mexico around the turn of the century.

Dr. Richard Benedikt Goldschmidt, (12 Apr. - Frankfurt am Main) 1878-1958 (24 Apr.), professor at the Univ. of California at Berkeley. He started his career with histological and cytological studies (of especially nematodes) under Bütschi (q.v.) in Heidelberg and R. Hertwig (q.v.) in München and worked in Hertwig's staff until 1914, when he became 2:nd director of the new Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biology in Berlin-Dahlem. In 1909 he turned more to genetics and when the nazi regime forced him to leave for USA he had already been working much on Drosophila and he kept on with such studies there, but became controversial for presenting theoretical results before experimental evidence was achieved.

Lacking information about Goldstein in the gastropod name Litozamia goldsteini J. E. Tenison Woods, 1876, but most likely an Australian naturalist.

Dr. Vassil Golemansky, 1933-, at the Institute of Zoology, Sofia, Bulgaria, is a renowned researcher of protoctists (Granuloreticulosa), especially from the Black Sea [Psammonobiotus golemanskyi Chardez, 1971, Centropyxiella golemanskyi Chardez, 1977].

The cyanophyte name Leptolyngbya golenkiniana (Gomont) Anagn., is likely a tribute to the Moscow botanist Prof. Michail Iljitsch Golenkin, (St. Petersburg) 1864-1941.

Professor Alexandr Nikolaevitsj Golikov, (Leningrad) 1931-, Russian hydrobiologist and polar researcher active in St. Petersburg, teacher and friend of the author of the species and helpful with the collecting of the type material of this species, Gyptis golikovi (Averincev,1990) [Boreotrophon golikovi Egorov, 1992].

William Herman Golisch, 1871-1924, US Malacologist, must be the person honoured in the polyplacophoran name Lepidozona golischi S. S. Berry, 1919 and in the bivalve name Mysella golischi (Dall, 1916).

The French ichthyologist and parasitologist Yves Jean Golvan, 19??-, publishing at least until 1988 (often on medical parasitology), is honoured in the acanthocephalan name Breizacanthus golvani Gaevskaja & Shukhgalter, 1984.

Dr. David N. Gomberg, 19??-, must be the person honoured in the coral name Thalamophyllia gombergi Cairns, 1979. During this time Gomberg had been active at the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Miami, Florida, and published on i.a. corals, later active at Hawaii Institute of Geophysics.

Lacking information about Gomes in the Azores gastropod name Patella gomesi Drouët, 1858.

Dr. Antonio Osvaldo Gómez Hernández, (29 Feb.) 1928-1996 (25 Dec.), chief of the. Benthos Department of the Oceanology Institute, Havana, is honoured in the Cuban mysid name Heteromysis gomezi Bacescu, 1970.

Prof. (currently Emeritus) Dr. Edgardo Dizon Gomez, 19??-, the founding director of the Marine Science Institute (UP-MSI), the leading marine science department in the Philippines and in Southeast Asia. He has mainly worked on corals and Tridacna.

The zoology lecturer K.A. Gomojunov (Gomoyunov), 18??-19??, who in 1937 on board the Nerpa together with D.M. Apollonov led an Arctic expedition to the Greenland and Kara Seas, must be the person honoured in the fish name Artediellus gomojunovi Taranetz, 1933.

Dr. Martin Fellows Gomon, (10 June - Detroit, Michigan) 1945-, PhD at Univ. of Miami in 1979, from 1979 Curator of Fishes, Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia, is honoured in the following fish names: Enchelybrotula gomoni Cohen, 1982, Ventrifossa gomoni Iwamoto & Williams, 1999, Paraliparis gomoni Stein, Chernova & Andriashev, 2001 & Choerodon gomoni Allen & Randall, 2002.

Dr. Maurice Augustin Gomont, 1839-1909, French phycologist [Gomontia Bornet & Flahault, 1888].

The digenean name Opisthorchis gomtii Mehra, 1941 is likely not a tribute to a person's name, but was likely found in a fish from the the river Gomti, Gumti or Gomati, a tributary of the Ganges River.

Ofer Gon, (Haifa) 1949-, Israelic ichthyologist.

Janolus faustoi Ortea & Llera, 1988 is named for the late Dr. Fausto Gonzalez, 19??-19??, vice president of the Techmar (Technologie Maritime) [likely Ancilla faustoi Matthews, Matthews & Dijck, 1977]. The cephalopod name Graneledone gonzalezi Guerra & al., 2000 from Kerguelen, is however not named for him, but for the father of Dr. Angel F. González, 19??-, Vigo, one of the author's (the father's first name is unknown to the compiler), who sorrily died during the study of the species.

Dr. Juan G. González Lagoa, (19 Jan. - Mayagüez, Puerto Rico) 1933-, PhD at Univ. of Rhode Island in 1973, Costa Rican marine biologist.

The octocoral name Alcyonium jorgei Van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007 is in honour of the ex-rector of the Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Chile, father Jorge Gonzalez Foster, 19??-,.

The British malacologist, the Rev. Dr. Sir Joseph Goodall, 1760-1840, Provost of Eton, is honoured in the polyplacophoran name Chiton goodallii W. J. Broderip, 1832. In malacology there's also a genus Goodallia Turton, 1822, as well as about twenty species bearing that name (e.g. Mangelia goodallii Reeve, 1846, Blasicrura goodalli (Sowerby, 1832), Azeca goodalli (Férussac, 1821), Marginella goodalli (Sowerby, G.B. I, 1825), etc.) (Stefano Palazzi kindly added some of this information).

G(eorge) Brown Goode, (13 Feb. - New Albany, Indiana) 1851-1896 (6 Sep. - Washington. D.C.), US ichthyologist, who while Deputy Commissioner of the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries edited two volumes of atlases of illustrations of "The Fisheries and Fisheries Industries of the United States" including i.a. 532 etchings of marine mammals, fish, and shellfish. Later working at the National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C. [Metapenaeopsis goodei (Smith, 1885), Aforia goodei (Dall, 1890), likely Bhawania goodei (Webster, 1884), Parapseudes goodei (Richardson, 1903)].

The Rev. Dr. Samuel Goodenough, (29 Apr. - Oxford?) 1743-1827 (12 Aug.), British bishop of Carlisle and writer on algological matters. One of the founders of the Linnean Society.

Dr. Richard U. Gooding, 1932-, published on copepods parasiting marine invertebrates in the Plymouth area in 1957 and during the 1960s, when working in Boston together with Humes (q.v.) in his laboratory, from other parts of the sea. PhD under Paul Illg (q.v.) in 1963 at the Univ. of Washington, Seattle. After the period in USA he spent some years at the Univ. of Singapore. (Dr. D. Damkaer provided some of this information).

The fish name Callionymus goodladi (Whitley, 1944), may possibly be a tribute to the Fisheries Inspector Matt Goodlad, 19??-, Bunbury, Western Australia.

Dr. John D. Goodman, 19??-, Professor (now Emeritus) of zoology at the University of Redlands, California [Acmaea goodmani Berry, 1960].

Calvin Goodrich, (27 Feb. - Chicago, Ill.) 1874-1954 (7 Nov. - Ashville, North Carolina), US Journalist and amateur fresh-water Malacologist.

Dr. Henry (but called Harry) Duncan Spens Goodsir, 1816? or 1819?-1847, Scotchman, correspondent of C. Darwin (q.v.), who also managed to write some articles about crustaceans and pantopods before he - like all members of the John Franklin Expedition with HMS Erebus (where Goodsir served) and HMS Terror (Sir John Franklin, (14 Apr. - Spilsby, Lincolnshire) 1786-1847 (11 June - Canadian Arctic) [likely Eunice franklini Monro, 1924], (who was a relative (son of a sister of Flinders' step mother Elizabeth Weekes) of Captain Matthew Flinders, (16 Mar. - Lincolnshire) 1774-1814 (19 July), of the "Investigator" expedition to South Australia in 1801-02, which Franklin as a boy took part in) had nautical experience from several earlier marine expeditions, e.g. the war experience in the battles of Copenhagen, Trafalgar and New Orleans, and as commanding officer onboard "Rainbow" off the Greek coast in 1830-33 and after that becoming British governor in Tasmania) - succumbed when trying to find the nort-west passage. Harry's oldest brother Prof. Dr. John Goodsir, (20 Mar. - Anstruther, Fife) 1814-1867 (6 Mar. - Wardie, Edinburgh), (bearing the same first name as his father and grandfather) was a professor of anatomy in Edinburgh between 1846-67 and early stressed the importancce of the cell in nutrition; Together with Edward Forbes (q.v.), he in 1839, via a report from dredging tours around the Orkneys and Shetlands initiated a British dredging commission and they also wrote several papers about marine fauna together [Cumopsis goodsiri (van Beneden, 1861), Zaus goodsiri Brady, 1880, Diastylis goodsiri (Bell, 1855), Edwardsia goodsiri M'Intosh, 1865]. A third (of totally 4) brothers (all but one (his next oldest brother Joseph Taylor Goodsir, (16 Sep.) 1815-1893 (27 Apr.)), who became a clergyman, becoming physicians, like their father John, who died ca 1840 and grandfather John, from Largo, who died 1821) was the MD and author Dr. Robert Anstruther Goodsir, 1823-1895 (17 Jan. - Edinburgh, at age 71), who took part in the serches for the lost Franklin expedition and published a book about it.

Daniel R. Goodwin, 19??-, Hawaiian amateur conchologist [Harpa goodwini Rehder, 1993].

Grigoryi Petrovich Gorbunov, (9 Feb. - Krasnoe Selo, a suburb of St Petersburg) 1894-1942 (14 Feb. - Vologda, when evacuating from blockaded Leningrad), St Petersburg zoologist, who was a pioneer of Russian deepwater research, although starting his biological interst with birds and later fresh water organism, but then working on arctic benthos i.a. together with his 2:nd wife Tamara Semenovna Pergament, 1???-19??. [Uschakovia gorbunovi Kluge, 1946, Ramphonotus gorbunovi Kluge, 1946, Helomesus gorbunovi (Gurjanova, 1946), Gorbunovia Annenkova, 1952, Cerviniopsis gorbunovi Smirnov, 1946, Echinopsyllus gorbunovi Smirnov, 1946, Eurycletodes gorbunovi Smirnov, 1946, Metahuntemannia gorbunovi Smirnov, 1946, Hymeniacidon gorbunovi Rezvoj, 1932, Copidognathus gorbunovi Sokolov, 1946, Hippomedon gorbunovi Gurjanova, 1929]. (See also ...)

Gordan : (see Karaman).

The Mediterranean (Rovinj area) gastropod name Elysia gordanae T.E. Thompson & A. Jaklin, 1988 is in honour of Gordana Jaklin, 19??-, (likely related to the author).

The Rev. Dr. George Gordon (23 July - Urquhart Manse) 1801-1893 (12 Dec. - at his home Braebirnie, Mayne Road, Elgin), probably the first discoverer of Caridion gordoni (Bate,1858); one of the collectors, who sent material to Charles Spence Bates (q.v.). Gordon seems mainly to have being collecting in Moray Frith, where he lived, being the Church of Scotland Minister for Birnie from 1832. He was educated at the Univ. of Aberdeen between 1815-19, after wich he went to Edinburgh for medical and natural history studies, together with i.a. C. Darwin, later working in botanical gardens in the London area for some years while he also studied theology there, but moving back to Scotland in the beginning of the 1830s. Most of his very large correspondence with often somewhat younger well-known naturalists is surviving.

Dr. Isabella Gordon, (18 May) 1901-1988 (11 May), British crustaceologist, working at the British Museum of Natural History. She had actually started her career at the Aberdeen Univ. on octocorals and then sea urchin development, but from 1928, when she started her career at the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) , she turned into crustaceans and pantopods. In 1961 she visited Japan and met emperor Hirohito. [Salmincola gordoni Gurney, 1933, Sacculina gordonae Boschma, 1933, Gordonella Tirmizi, 1960, Chaceon gordonae (Ingle, 1985)].

Kurtzia gordoni Bartsch, 1944 was named for Mackenzie Gordon jr., (4 Apr. - San Francisco) 1913-1992 (30 Jan.), US palaeontologist at UC Berkeley. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided the dates).

The coral name Trochocyathus gordoni Cairns, 1995 may likely be a tribute to Dr. Dennis P. Gordon, 19??-, palaeontologist / marine biologist at the National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research in Wellington, New Zealand.

Lacking information about Gordy in the Indian Ocean gastropod name Conus gordyi Roeckel & Bondarev, 2000.

Basiliomya goreaui Bayer, 1971 was named for Prof. Dr. Thomas Fritz Goreau, (16 Aug.) 1924-1970 (22 Apr. - New York), by cancer, likely caused by being the scientist diving to collect radioactive specimens in the lagoons in connection with the Bikini Atoll atomic bomb tests from 1947 and later), who collected holotype in Jamaica. Also the coral genus Goreaugyra Wells, 1973 is named for him [likely Coenocyathus goreaui Wells, 1972]. One of his 3 sons (grown up in Jamaica, where their parents worked from 1951 on; their mother Nora I. Goreau also being a marine biologist and coworker of their father) is the coral reef researcher Dr. Thomas J. Goreau, 194?-, (PhD Harvard 1981 - Biogeochemistry) continued in the busines and is president of the Global Coral Reef Alliance (and is one of few living persons, who has unprovoked been attacked (in the hand) by a barracuda) [likely Goreopagurus McLaughlin, 1981]. The father of T.F. Goreau, Fritz W. Goreau (journalistic name Goro), (Bremen) 1901-1986 (Dec. - Chapopaqua, N.Y.), had also worked in the marine environment photographing invertebrates, as a well known scientific photographer (for the Life magazine) after he and his family had been forced to leave his native Germany in 1936.

Vexillum (Costellaria) gorii H. Turner, 1997 is named for Mr. Sandro Gori (25 Aug. - Livorno, Italy) 1953-, who first brought this new species to the attention of the describer, and who has detected many further mitriform new species since while diving in the Maldives, Seychelles etc. (Dr. Hans Turner, Casa La Conchiglia, Rovia, Switzerland, kindly provided this information).

The appendicularian researcher Dr. Gabriel Gorsky, 1947-, at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Villefranche-sur-mer, is honoured in the appendicularian name Oikopleura gorskyi Flood, 2000.

Prof. Terrence Milton (Terry) Gosliner, (29 Oct.) 1950-, PhD at Univ. of New Hampshire in 1978, Director of Research, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. He is mainly interested in the evolutionary history of opisthobranch molluscs [Chromodoris goslineri Ortea & Valdés in Ortea, Valdés & Garcia-Gomez, 1996, Phyllidia goslineri Brunckhorst, 1993, Triviella goslineri (Liltved & Millard, 1994), Pseudoceros goslineri Newman & Cannon, 1994, Paraminabea goslineri (Williams, 1992), Trapania goslineri Millen & Bertsch, 2000]. The genus name Bonisa Gosliner, 1981, was named after Bonnie, wife of the author. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided the eponym after the spouse).

The nudibranch name Facelina goslingii Verrill, 1901: "It is named in honor of Mr. T. Goodwin Gosling, of Bermuda, who first discovered it." Likely the initial T may be wrong, and should probably be F as in Francis Goodwin Gosling, (Paget, Bermuda) 1873-19?? (still living in 1935), who continued to live on the island and was involved in the Bermuda Natural History Society as honorary secretary during some years in the beginning of the 20:th century. (Dr. Gary McDonald, Santa Cruz, California kindly provided this information).

The sipunculan name Aspidosiphon gosnoldi Cutler, 1981 is probably not named directly for a person but likely for R/V Gosnold of Woods Hole, later Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, a ship having its name from Bartholomew Gosnold, 1572-1607, English explorer, sailing to New England in 1602, naming i.a. Martha's Vineyard (after his daughter) and Cape Cod.

Philip Henry Gosse, (6 Apr. - Worcester) 1810-1888 (23 Aug. - Torquay), English biologist and natural philosopher. He was a cousin of Thomas Bell (q.v.); Bell's mother Susan, 1750-1829, who introduced and interested her nephew in science, because she had been a teacher, and as such, she was a British pioneer in keeping marine invertebrates alive in captivity. Gosse treated the Anthozoa in his book "Actinologia Britannica" and also coined a new word by means of the title of another book, "The Aquarium", from 1854, although the chemist, pharmacist and naturalist Robert Warington, (7 Sep.) 1807-1867 (12 Nov.), had for such purposes developed a more sofisticated way of producing artificial saltwater already during the early 1850s than what Gosse had. Gosse, who did not belong in the main stream of contemporary naturalists, but was very productive as a publicist, achieved a very large circle of readers among the victorian middle class. This was true also regarding the specialist literature he published. Scientific observations were amalgamated with religion in a rather peculiar way and he opposed evolution theory, albeit he had a friendly correspondence with C. Darwin (q.v.) and cited him regularly [Gossea Agassiz, 1862, Leuconia gossei (Bowerbank, 1862), Sicyonis gossei (Stephenson, 1918)].

Colonel Joshua Gosselin, 1739-1813, of Guernsey, soldier, antiquary, artist, plantsman, conchologist and amateur botanist, who e.g. published a "Book of sea plants" and wrote a MS "Testacea Sarniensis or Guernsey shells". He was an older cousin of F.C. Lukis sr. (q.v.). The sea star name Pentagonaster gosselini Perrier, 1884 may honour him or a younger relative of him.

Prof. Seitaro Goto, 1867-1935 (18 July), Japanese zoologist [Paraspadella gotoi (Casanova, 1990), Gotoea Uchida, 1927, Cnidotiara gotoi Uchida, 1927, Staurodiscus gotoi (Uchida, 1927)].

Mr. Yoshihiro Goto, 19??-, chairman of Nito Paltec Co. Ltd., a Japanese steel company, shell collector from Osaka, Japan [Nannamoria gotoi Poppe, 1992, Perotrochus gotoi Anseeuw, 1990, Microgaza gotoi  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. His daughter Yukiko Goto, is honoured in Calliotropis yukikoae  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006 and another daugther Naoko Nakano,  is honoured in Herpetopoma naokoae  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006. Yet another daughter, Eiko Goto, is honoured in Gibbula eikoae  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006. His wife Keiko Goto, 19??-, is honoured in Seguenzia keikoae  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006 (G. Poppe kindly provided the daughter's & the wife's eponyms & the last gotoi eponym).

E. Gottlieb, 19??-, who published on East Mediterranean (Israel and Turkey coasts) decapod crustaceans and amphipods during the 1950s and 1960s is honoured in the tanaid name Apseudes tenuimanus gottliebi Bacescu, 1961 and in the cumacean name Eudorella gottliebi Bacescu, 1961.

Dr. Robert Vivian [Viv] Gotto, (13 Sep. - Belfast) 1921-2006 (16 Apr.), well-known specialist on associated copepods at Queen's Univ. When young after serving in RAF during the war, a tennis player, who played booth in Wimbledon (between 1949-59) and as a member of the Irish Davis Cup team between 1953-61. (In 1953 he held both the Irish hardcourt singles and doubles championship). He achieved a D.Sc. in 1964 and became then a lecturer, later senior lecturer and in 1980 reader in zoology and held a lot of summer courses at the Portaferry marine laboratory. [Acaenomolgus gottoi Stock, 1995, Enterocola gottoi Conradi, Lopez-Gonzalez & Garcia-Gomez, 1992, Sphaeronella gottoi O'Reilly, 2001, Haplostomides gottoi Ooishi, 2008].

Lacking information about Dr. Robert Gottschaldt, 18??-19??, in the ascidian name Didemnum (Didemnum) gottschaldti Tokioka, 1950. Gottschaldt published on Ascidians during the 1890s, but became evidently later a teacher in a "Realschule".

Franz Gottschick, (14 Aug.) 1865-1927 (18 Sep.), German Malacologist.

Dr. Antoine Gouan, (15 Nov. - Montpellier) 1733-1821 (1 Sep.), French physician and botanist, who also published "Histoire des poissons... Strasbourg: chez A. Konig, 1770", is honoured in the fish genus name Gouania Nardo, 1833, but perhaps is best remembered for collecting a lot of algae in the Marseille area.

Jeroen Goud, (29 June) 1957-, is a malacologist at the Institute of Evolutionary and Ecological Sciences, National Museum of Natural History, Leiden, the Netherlands. Goud has co-authored at least one paper with the Gittenbergers (q.v.) of the same institute [Montacuta goudi van Aartsen, 1996, Ischnochiton (Ischnochiton) goudi Kaas, 1996]. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

Dr. Louis Gougerot, 1915-1985, French paleontologist.

The gastropod name Barleeia gougeti (Michaud, 1830) is in honour of Dr. Charles-Joseph Gouget, (20 Jan. - Chaussin, Jura, France) 1792-1875 (5 May - Dôle), who was a military physician (chirurgien major) in the French army and the author of "Essai sur la topographie medicale de la ville de Dôle, sous-préfecture du Département du Jura". (David Hollombe kindly provided this information).

Dr. Augustus Addison Gould, (23 Apr. - New Ipswich, New Hampshire) 1805-1866 (15 Sep. - Boston, Mass. (by cholera)), Boston physician and conchologist, who also made some contributions within other zoological groups. He was a founder of the Boston Society of Natural History and an original member of the National Academy of´Sciences [Addisonia Dall, 1882, Thyasira gouldi (Philippi, 1845), Phascolopsis gouldii (Pourtalès, 1851), Buccinum gouldi Verrill, 1882, Scaphella gouldiana (Dall, 1887), Propebela gouldii (Verrill, 1882), Cylichna gouldi (Couthouy, 1839), Bulla gouldiana Pilsbry, 1895, Dentalium gouldii Dall, 1889, Cyclocardia gouldii (Dall, 1902), Tellina gouldii Hanley, 1846, Donax gouldii Dall, 1921, Gouldia C.B. Adams, 1847, Bankia gouldi Bartsch, 1908, Lyonsia gouldi Dall, 1915, Pandora gouldiana Dall, 1886, Pteropurpura gouldi A. Adams, 1863, Xymene gouldi Cossmann, 1903, Dentalium gouldii W. H. Dall, 1889, Nototodarus gouldi (F. McCoy, 1888), Atrina vexillum gouldii L. A. Reeve, 1858, Solen gouldi T. A. Conrad, Cistenides gouldii Verrill, 1873]. [Lodewijk van Duuren kindly added one of the eponyms]

John Gould : (see von Wright).

Dr. Nicole Gourbault, 1936-, at the Natural History Museum in Paris, who e.g. in 1981 published on limnic triclades, is honoured in the tardigrade name Stygarctus gourbaultae Renaud-Mornant, 1981 and the nematode names Terschellingia gourbaultae Austen, 1989, Nudora gourbaultae Vanreusel & Vincx, 1989, Desmoscolex gourbaultae Decraemer, 1986 and Cervonema gourbaultae Muthumbi, Soetaert & Vincx, 1997. (Dr. Marie-Noelle Helleouet, MNHN, Paris, kindly provided most of this information).

The asteroid name Remaster gourdoni Koehler, 1912 and the holothuroid name Bathyplotes gourdoni (Vaney, 1914), may likely be tributes to M. Maurice Gourdon, (Nantes) 1847-1941 (Nantes), who i.a. published on palaeontology of echinoderms. Vaney mentions about his holothuroid that it is dedicated to M. Gourdon, member of the French Antarctic Mission.

Dr. Paul Gabriel Marie Gourret, (13 Feb. - Roquevaire (Bouches-dü-Rhöne)) 1859-1903, achieved his PhD in Marseille in 1884 on a thesis on marine pelagic fauna in the Marseille area. He was a disciple of Marion (q.v.) and was subdirector of the Station Marine d'Endoume, Marseille until he died [Gourretia de Saint Laurent, 1973]

Bertrand Gout, 19??-, who has published on atolls and their life, is honoured in the hermit crab name Calcinus gouti Poupin, 1997. Gout collected the holotype in Tuamotu, Moruroa Atoll.

Lacking information about the benthologist J.C.R. Govaere in the harpacticoid name Cylindropsyllus govaerei Huys & Willems, 1993, possibly identical with Dr. Jan Govaere, 19??-, Belgian naturalist.

Karen L. Gowlett-Holmes, (6 Mar.) 1959-, born in England, of the South Australian Museum, Adelaide, (later Invertebrate Manager - CSIRO Division of Marine Research - Hobart Tasmania) - also a multi-award winning underwater photographer, is honoured in the polyplacophoran name Placiphorella gowlettholmesae (P. Kaas & R. A. Van Belle, 1994), in the sea spider name Parapallene gowlettae Staples, 2007 and in the octocoral name Asperaxis karenae Alderslade, 2006. (Stefano Palazzi kindly added this information and Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly added the last eponym).

Miss Maria Johanna de Graag, (11 Mar. - Gorichem, the Netherlands), 1879-1963 (Arnhem, the Netherlands), was an amateur collector of shells. She became in 1934 one of the first female members of the Dutch Malacological Society (NMV), which Society she supported for over 30 years. She presented an oral (1948) and written (1949) report of her trip to South America at a meeting of the NMV. During that trip she collected not only molluscs along the west coast, but also several thousands of insects in Chili, the latter for the Museum in Leiden. Miss de Graag made also a collecting trip to South Africa. Still before her death she donated the major part of her collection to the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, now Naturalis, in Leiden, the Netherlands. A small collection went to the Zoological Museum of Amsterdam and an even smaller collection was already in the hands of G.S. Coen, at that time in Venice, Italy, whose collection forms now part of the National Mollusc Collection of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The South African Muricid gastropod Poropteron graagae Coen, 1949 is named after her. Her older sister Miss Anna Julia de Graag (18 July 1877 - Gorichem) 1877-1924 ( 2 Feb. - the Hague), was an artist and produced numerous fine drawings, paintings, woodcuts and etchings. Among others she made a wonderful woodcut of a Nautilus pompilius, based on a specimen in her sisters collection. [Source: Mienis, H.K., 2001. The sisters M.J. and A.J. de Graag: one a shell collector, the other an artist. Spirula &endash; C.B. Ned. Malac. Ver., 323: 107-108. (in Dutch)]. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem & Tel Aviv Univ., kindly provided this information).

Prof. Amadeus William Grabau, (9 Jan. - Cedarburgh, Wisconsin) 1870-1946 (20 Mar. - Beijing), US paleontologist with German parents, who during the anti-German movement in USA during and after WW1 was expelled from the Columbia University, emigrated to China, where he became the father of their national paleontological tradition. Already in 1920, he had got a professorship on palaeontology in Beijing

The name of the E Atlantic cleaning shrimp Lysmata grabhami (Gordon, 1935), is not in honour of the geologist George Walter Grabham, (28 June - Madeira) 1882-1955 (29 Jan. - Khartoum), who had a tulip tree planted by Captain Cook in his island garden, but mainly worked in Egypt and Sudan, but of his father, the British physician and botanist Dr. Michael Comport Grabham, (10 Jan. - Madeira) 1840-1935 (28 Jan. - Jamaica), who collected the first specimen and also published on mosquitoes.

Dr. Roger V. Grace, 19??-, of Warkworth, New Zealand, is a marine biologist and a well-known underwater photographer and discovered several new marine species when SCUBA diving during the 1960s and 1970s.

Distorsio graceiellae Parth, 1989 has the following etymology: "I dedicate the name to my first wife Graziella Pierantoni (Milano, Italy) and to my future wife Grace Marcos (Palawa, Philippines)". (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Dr. Ulfert Graefe, 19??-, oligochaete specialist in Hamburg, collected the type material of Itaipusina graefei Karling, 1980 in the Elbe estuary. [Cystirete greafei Brunet, 1965, Marionina graefei Kossmagk-Stephan, 1983].

Eduard Heinrich Graeffe, (27 Dec. - Zürich) 1833-1916 (23 Apr. - Ljubljana), Austrian natural history worker, who was educated at the Univ. of Zürich, and i.a. wrote about the marine fauna in the Trieste area [Tetrastemma graeffei (Diesing, 1863), Pearsonothuria graeffei (Semper, 1868), Orchistomella graeffei (Neppi & Stiasni, 1911), Coryne graeffei Jickeli, 1883, Macrophthalmus graeffei A. Milne-Edwards, 1873, Reteporella graeffei (Kirchenpauer, 1869)].

The nematode name Actinonema grafi Jensen, 1991 is very likely a tribute to Prof. Dr. Gerhard Graf, 19??-, Univ. of Rostock, who has published much on ecology of deep sea plateaus.

Prof. Dr. Ludwig von Graff, 1851-1924, Austrian professor of zoology in Graz for many years after a time as assistant of O. Schmidt (q.v.) in Strasbourg; specialist on platyhelminths [Graffilla Ihering, 1880, Proclea graffii (Langerhans, 1884), Byrsophlebs graffii Jensen, 1878, Allostoma graffi (de Beauchamp, 1913), Graffia Levinsen, 1879, Graffizoon Heath, 1928, Macrostomum graffi Ferguson, 1939, Planocera graffi Lang, 1879, Enterostomula graffi (Beauchamp, 1913), Graffilla graffi Mitin, 1970, Anoplodium graffi Monticelli, 1892, Stylochoplana graffii (Laidlaw, 1906), Anciliplana graffi Heath & McGregor, 1913]. His assistent and collaborator (and successor - beeing Director of the Zoological Institute at the University of Graz from 1920 to 1929 ) Prof. Dr. Ludwig Böhmig, (8 Aug.) 1858-1948 (5 Jan.), was also a well-known platyhelmint (rhabdocoelids and marine and freshwater triclads) worker, although of a quite another personality than von Graff, beeing "extraordinarily punctual, moderate - close to ascetic, dutiful, very critical, sparing of his disciple's praise, almost devoid of humour and equipped with an almost scaring knowledge of details", he made heavy demands upon cooperators and disciples on exactness and assiduity. When Böhmig retired from the professorship in 1929, Otto Storch from Wien (Vienna), who worked on food catching among "entomostracans" succeded him, but nine years later another platyhelminthologist, a pupil of von Graff and Böhmig, Meixner (q.v.) took over the directorship of zoology in Graz [Hypoblepharina boehmigi Karling, 1973, Convoluta bohemigi (Brauner, 1920)]. (Prof. Reinart Schuster, Graz, kindly provided information about Böhmig).

The dolphin name Prodelphinus graffmani Lönnberg, 1934 (in reality a Stenella, probably only a variety of S. attenuata (Gray, 1846)) was in honour of Mr. Johan (John) Holger Graffman, 1897-1975, a Swedish marine civil engineer residing in Mexico (later managing director of the oil company Transfer AB, Stockholm), who shot the type.

Prof. Dr. Joseph John Graham, (13 Apr. - Rutler, Pennsylvania) 1909-1967 (15 Nov.), geologist at the Stanford Univ., published on foraminiferans in 1959 [Deuterammina grahami Brönnimann & Whittaker, 1988].

Mr. Ken Graham, 19??-, of NSW State Fisheries, Australia, collected specimens of Kapala kengrahami Ponder, 1982 [possibly Dentalium grahami Lamprell & Healy, 1998].

The nematod names Grahamius Gerlach & Riemann,1973 (exchange name for the preoccupied Grahamia Allgén, 1959) & Diplobathylaimus grahami Allgén,1959 are not in honour a a certain person like e.g. Prof. Dr. Alastair Graham, (6 Nov. - Edinburgh) 1906-2000 (12 Dec. - Reading), Professor of Zoology at the university of Reading (after having worked initially in Sheffield Univ. 1929-33, Birkbeck College, London 1933-47 & becoming Professor of Zoology at London Univ. in 1947-52), and co-writer with Vera Fretter (q.v.) on prosobranchs, but these nematodes were found in Graham Land, i.e. the northernmost parts of the Antarctic peninsula south of South America.

The gastropod name Conus grahami D. Röckel, R. von Cosel & L. P. Burnay, 1980 is a tribute to the British shell collector Graham D. Saunders, 1944-, who studied the local fauna in the Cape Verde Islands.

Dr. David Crocket Graham, (21 Mar. - Green Forest, Arkansas) 1884-1961 (15 Sep. - Denver), US missionary in China, began collecting biological samples for the Smithsonian Institution in Szechuan, China in 1919 and made fourteen additional expeditions during the next twenty years. PhD in Anthropology at the Univ of Chicago in 1927. He kept a detailed journal of his travels in remote parts of China and trained and employed native peoples to collect for him and was eventually made an honorary "collaborator" in biology by the Smithsonian's National Museum. However, the overwhelming part of the samples must have been from inland localities.

Prof. Dr. William Monty Graham, 19??-, Professor of Marine Sciences, Dauphin Island Sea Lab and University of South Alabama.

Grainger : (see Dunbar).

Prof. Haakon Hasberg Gran, (17 Apr. - Tønsberg) 1870-1955 (2 June), Norwegian marine botanist, who spent the first years of the 20:th century in Bergen (together with Hjort (q.v.), Appellöf (q.v.), Helland-Hansen (q.v.)), became later professor of botany at the Oslo University between 1905-40 [Acartia grani (G.O. Sars, 1904) (but not Grania Southern, 1913, which is named for a female chief on Clare Island during the 16:th century) - See Grania below]. {Another photo} Gran e.g. introduced the oxygen method of measuring phytoplankton production together with Prof. Torbjørn Gaarder, (Kristiania) 1885-1970.

Giuseppe Granata-Grillo, 18??-1???, Maltese malacologist (with an essential work in 1877).

J. (Joukje?) Grandia-Smits, (17 Apr.?) 1917-1985 (17 May? - Rotterdam?), Dutch Malacologist.

Alfred Grandidier, (20 Dec. - Paris) 1836-1921 (13 Sep. - Paris), who initially had travelled much in South and North America, India, Ceylon and Africa, published i.a. on the natural history of Madagascar, as did his son Guillaume Grandidier, 1873-1957 [Lepidophthalmus grandidieri (Couthière, 1899), Macrophthalmus grandidieri A. Milne-Edwards, 1867].

The Nouvelle-Calédonie zoologist / oceanographer Dr. René Grandperrin, 19??- , is honoured in the crab name Moloha grandperrini Guinot & Richer de Forges, 1995.

Dr. Kenneth Robert Grange, 19??-, a black coral specialist from New Zealand Oceanographic Institute, Wellington, collected Lyria grangei Cernohorsky 1980 during the "Tasman Seamounts 1979' Cruise to Bellona reef.

Albert Granger, 1838-1911, French malacologist, is honoured in the gastropod name Conus grangeri G. B. Sowerby III, 1900.

The oligochaete genus Grania Southern, 1913 was named for Grania, alias Gráinne Ní Mháille (Engl. name form Grace O'Malley) - and several other name forms, ca 1530-1603 (in her home of Carraigahowley (Rockfleet) Castle), who was a famous clan leader and "pirate queen" of Clare Island and neighbouring areas (in Ireland), from where the type species of this genus was described. She lived simultaniously with Elisabeth I of England and was of similar age and the two actually met in 1595 in the queen's summer residence in Wimbledon, when the queen became so impressed by O'Malley, so she was forgiven her earlier hostilities against English ships and troops.

The genus Grantia Fleming, 1828 is named for Prof. Dr. Robert Edmond Grant, (11 Nov. - Argyle Square, Edinburgh) 1793-1874 (23 Aug.), Scottish comparative anatomist, invertebrate zoologist and Lamarckist (C. Darwin was introduced to Lamarckism by Grant, who was his teacher in Edinburgh, although Grant primarily himself had been influenced by Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in Paris and had cited Erasmus Darwin's Zoönomia in his doctoral dissertation). According to Huxley, Grant was the only person he knew, who before C. Darwin taught evolution. Between 1825-27 Grant published a few articles about sponges. In 1827 he moved from Edinburgh and became the first professor (of comparative anatomy) at the new University College in London. His social radicalism contrasted with his choice of clothes and he was a life-long keeper of trains of thought from his youth. He was of course in opposition to R. Owen (q.v.) (who was a believer in the immutability of species) and was a member of different European filological societies and could speak most of the continental languages, because after his M.D. in 1814 he spent some years attending lectures in Paris and travelled in France, Italy and Germany.

Frederick Ernest Grant, (23 Mar. - Farlesthorpe, Lincolnshire) 1866-1907 (31 Jan. - Sydney), who in 1883 hed followed an elder brother to New Zealand, and five years later he entered the service of the Union Bank and a few years later he was transferred to the Melbourne office. He had been interested in natural history already as a boy and started collecting (mainly malacological and geological items) already in Auckland, worked on SE Australian crabs after that T.S. Hall had pointed out to him that crustaceans lacked a local student. In 1902 he revisited England and in Dec. that year he was elected a FLS. Returning to Australia, he was transferred to the Sydney office of the bank, took par in an expedition to the Great Barrier Reef together with Hedley (q.v.) and two deep sea dredging expeditions. He died young after short illness, leaving a widow and three children.

Dr. Ulysses Simpson Grant IV, (23 May) 1893-1977 (11 Mar.), associate professor of Paleontology, University of California at Los Angeles [Delphinoidea granti Baker, Hanna & Strong, 1938, Mitrella granti Lowe, 1935, Pseudochama granti Strong, 1934]. Grant was the grandson of the victorious army general (who a few years before the civil war had left the army because he did not tolerate to drink a drop of alcohol without being intoxicated), later president of the USA, Ulysses S. Grant, 1822-85. The reason for why this grandson was nr. IV, was his 8 years older cousin by the same name, who was nr. III (and his father was of course nr. II).

Professor Pierre-Paul Grassé, (27 Nov. - Périgueux) 1895-1985 (9 July), French zoologist in Paris, interested in cellular structure, animal sociology and protistology [Diplectanum grassei Oliver, 1974, Porpostoma grassei (Corliss & Snyder, 1986), Cohnilembus grassei Corliss & Snyder, 1986, Dendrosomides grassei Batisse, 1986, Trachelonema grassei Dragesco, 1960, Pleuronema grassei Dragesco, 1960, Urospora grassei (Changeux, 1961)].

Dr. Manfred Grasshoff, (13 Jan.) 1936-, German Pennatulacea (and spider) worker at the Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum, Senckenberg, Frankfurt am Main.

Mexidrilus grasslei (Erséus, 1984) is named for Prof. John Frederick Grassle, 1939-, WHOI, "principal investigator of the RV Oceanus No. 10 cruise, who very kindly placed the present material at my disposal" [Hyalogyrina grasslei Warén & Bouchet, 1993, Branchinotogluma grasslei Pettibone, 1985, Sirsoe grasslei (Blake, 1985), Eurycope grasslei Wilson, 1982, Laubieriellus grasslei Maciolek, 1981, Nuculana grasslei Allen, 1993, Paralvinella grasslei Desbruyères & Laubier, 1982, Malletia grasslei Sanders & Allen, 1985, Grassleia Solis-Weiss, 1993] He later became Director of the Inst. of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, His wife Dr. Judith Grassle, 1936-, is a colleague of him.

Louis Pope Gratacap, (1 Nov. - Brooklyn, N.Y.) 1851-1917 (14 Dec.), curator at the AMNH, New York, is honoured in the gastropod name Conus gratacapi H. A. Pilsbry, 1904.

Dr. Jean Pierre A. Sylvestre de Grateloup, (31 Dec. - Dax) 1782-1861 (25 Aug. - Bordeaux), French physician, botanist and malacologist [Grateloupia C. Agardh, 1822, Nonionella grateloupi (d'Orbigny, 1836), Spiroloculina grateloupi d'Orbigny, 1826].

Gilbert Grau, (7 Dec. - Illinois) 1906-1969 (29 May - killed in an automobile accident), Californian musician, is honoured in the bivalve name Hyalopecten graui (Knudsen, 1970). He was educated in music, living from arranging music for several motion pictures as well as television, but also becoming a specialist in East Pacific Pectinidae. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided the dates).

Charles Joseph Gravier, (4 Mar. - Orléans) 1865-1937 (15 Nov. - Paris), who had started his scientific career as teacher in Grenoble, published in 1907 on the polychaetes from the French "Français" expedition to the Antarctic (1903-05) and was later on several times co-editor of reports from Prince Albert Grimaldi's cruises and published much on Anthozoa and some on Porifera, at least until 1922 [Gravieria Vayssière, 1912, Gravierella Fauvel, 1919, Gravieropsamma Filliozat, 1910, Kesun gravieri (M'Intosh, 1908), Herpyllobius gravieri Lützen, 1964, Callianassa gravieri Nobili, 1905, Petalifera gravieri Vayssière, 1906, Gonodactylaceus gravieri Manning, 1995, Oratosquillina gravieri (Manning 1978), Gymnechinus gravieri Koehler, 1905, Nudechinus gravieri (Koehler, 1905), Anchistus gravieri Kemp, 1922, Physogyra gravieri Vaughan, 1907]. (André Trombeta, Brazil, kindly provided one of the eponyms).

Graxa : (see Silva).

Arthur Fairfield Gray, 1855-1944, US malacologist [possibly Orania grayi (Dall, 1889), possibly Nassarina grayi Dall, 1889, possibly Cardites grayi (Dall, 1903), possibly Cytharomorula grayi W. H. Dall, 1889].

John Edward Gray, (12 Feb. - Walsall, Staffordshire) 1800-1875 (7 Mar. - London), English zoologist and one of the most notable figures in the early history of zoology at the British Museum. He was the 2:nd son of Samuel Frederick Gray, (10 Dec.) 1766-1828 (11 Apr.), well-known pharmacologist and botanist (son of a London seedsman, who died before the son was born), who also published on molluscs helped by his son, who had served as a pharmaceutical chemist in Walsall, until the family moved to London. (His younger brother was the zoologist George Robert Gray, (8 July - London) 1808-1872 (6 May), who was responsible for the ornithological section of the British Museum and his elder brother Samuel, became the father of S.O. Gray (below)). Beginning with a temporary appointment at 15 shillings a day in 1824, he rose to be Keeper of Zoology in 1840 and on his retirement only two months before his death he had devoted fifty years to the Museum. Never a specialist, he published a huge amount of papers on a variety of animals and wrote half of the two hundred catalogues that were published during his time. One of the catalogues (1845) contained a list of all the sponges in the Museum (at that time). Gray (1867) rearranged Bowerbank's descriptions of sponges into a new system, erecting in the process a large number of new genera, many of which are still valid. See also Leach, regarding Gray, his father and his wife [Neoamphitrite grayi (Malmgren, 1866), Assiminea grayana Leach, 1817, Grayella Carter, 1869, Mesoplodon grayi (von Haast, 1876), Echinomermella grayi (Gemmill, 1901), Grayax De Laubenfels, 1986, Prianos grayi Hechtel, 1983, Reniera grayi Du Bocage, 1869, Teichaxinella grayi Wells et al., 1960, Thenea grayi Sollas, 1886, Austropandalus grayi (Cunningham, 1871), Choriplax grayi H. Adams & G. F. Angas, 1864, Paramuricea grayi (Johnson, 1861), Endopachys grayi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848, Sinum grayi (Deshayes, 1843), Terebra grayi E.A. Smith, 1877, Natica grayi R. A. Philippi, 1852, Conus grayi L. A. Reeve, 1844, Bursa grayana (Dunker, 1862), Mytilus grayanus R. W. Dunker, 1853, Caryophyllia grayi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848), possibly Amoria grayi Ludbrook, 1953, Mauritia arabica grayana Schilder, 1930, Paguristes grayi Benedict, 1901, likely Eleutherobia grayi Thomson & Dean, 1931, likely Sinularia grayi Tixier-Dureivault, 1945]. His younger brother George Robert Gray, a specialist on insects and birds, served as assistant at the British Museum between 1831--72. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided part of this information).

Gray, John S. : (see Hulings).

Samuel Octavus Gray, (14 Oct. - London) 1828-1902 (15 May), published "British sea-weeds..." in London in December 1867. He was grandson of S.F. Gray, J.E. Gray's father (see above) and named Octavus, because he was the eighth Samuel Gray in successive generations.

The tanaid name Apseudes grazielae Bacescu, 1981 is honouring Graziela Beatriz Esnal, 19??-,. (André Trombeta kindly provided this informmation).

Dr. Nikolay Aleksandrovich Grebnitskiy (or Nicolai A. Grebnitskii), 18??-19??, was governor of the Commander Islands (all of Kamchatka?) in the Russian Far East during 1880-1905 - succeded by Sokolnikov from 1905-16 - like his forerunner an interested naturalist, who collected a lot of birds.  Grebnitskiy lived on Bering Island and was interested in science, writing on the fauna, geology, and people of the Commander Islands.  He killed or otherwise obtained numerous natural history specimens, and among the recipients were the Zoological Museum of the Imperial Academy of Sciences (St. Petersburg, Russia), exiled Polish zoologist Benedykt T. Dybowski (q.v.), and visiting Norwegian-born naturalist Leonhard H. Stejneger (q.v.) of the United States National Museum (Washington, D.C.). He is honoured in the bivalve name Mysella grebnitzkii (Dall, 1916), in the Lithodid name Hapalogaster grebnitzkii Schalfeew 1892, in the blenny Pholidapus grebnitskii Bean & Bean, 1897, in the snailfish Liparis grebnitzkii (Schmidt, 1904), and in the glass shrimp Archaeomysis grebnitzkii Czerniavsky, 1882. (Donald Cunningham, US Navy, kindly provided this information).

Vinzenz Maria (Ignaz) Gredler, (30 Sep.) 1832-1912 (4 May), Italian non marine Malacologist.

The physician Prof. Dr. Richard Greeff, (Elberfeld) 1829-1892 (30 Aug. - Marburg), who initially worked in Bonn, later as professor of zoology and comparative anatomy in Marburg / Lahn and had a special interest in echinoderms, visited Helgoland far before the foundation of the laboratory, i.a. already in 1865 [Echinoderes greeffi (Zelinka, 1928), Greeffiella Cobb, 1922, Acinetoides greeffii Plate, 1888, Quadricoma greeffii (Reinhard, 1881)] together with (among others) his companions Prof. Dr. Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel, (16 Feb. - Potsdam) 1834-1919 (9 Aug. - Jena), a former disciple and a friend of Gegenbaur (q.v.), from 1862-1909 professor and director of the Zoologisches Institut of the University of Jena (probably the most well-known German zoologist of his time, also a free-thinker editing the atheist magazine Monist and renowned as the primary advocate of Darwinism, but also well-known for his systematical works about mainly radiolarians, medusae and sponges - which he himself beautifully illustrated - and for his Biogenetic Law and the Gastraea theory - he coined the word gastrula (and also several other words widely used today like coelom, phylum, phylogeny, ecology, benthos and nekton). Among his first students Miklucho Maklaj (q.v.) and Dohrn (q.v.) are best known. (See also his first wife Anna Sethe - under Anna. After her death, he was very sad, but in 1867 he remarried to a new wife, Agnes Huschke, 1842-1915, (daughter of the anatomist Prof. Emil Huschke, (14 Dec. - Weimar)1797-1858 (19 June - Jena)),with whom he got three children, Walter (1868-1939) who became a painter of some reputation, Elizabeth (1871-1948) who married and got several children (of whom the daughter Else helped her grandfather as his assistant during his elder years) and Emma (1873-1946) who sadly suffered from mental illness). [Asteropus haeckeli Dendy, 1905, Leucetta haeckeliana Polejaeff, 1883, Pilochrota haeckeli Sollas, 1886, Margelopsis haeckeli Hartlaub, 1897, Pantachogon haeckeli Maas, 1893, Lucernaria haeckeli (Antipa, 1891), Protiara haeckeli Hargitt, 1902, Pseudorhiza haeckeli Haacke, 1884, Haeckelia Carus, 1863, Colobomatus haeckeli (Richiardi, 1877), Actinostephanus haeckeli Kwietniewski C. R., 1897] and Felix Anton Dohrn, (29 Dec. - Stettin) 1840-1909 (26 Sep. - München), who after military service in 1862 entered the Univ. of Jena, where Prof. Haeckel (q.v.) introduced him to Darwinism. Dohrn soon became a follower of Darwin and exchanged several letters with C.D. and on a visit to England in Sept 1870 they met each other at Darwin¨s home at Down - the only time they met, but they continued to correspond for the rest of Darwin's life and Dorhn also contonued his correspondence with life-long British friends, like Huxley and Lankester. However, Dohrn's relation with Gegenbaur (q.v.) and also later Haeckel was a bit strained (towards Gegenbaur it remained lifelong), so he left for Millport, later Marseille, where he embarked a ship to Messina (the Mecca of German Privatdozenten according to De Filippi (q.v.)), where he arrived in Oct. 1868. He could see the difficulties to work in the marine environment without special resources and came up with the idea (although partly inherited from his friend Carl Vogt (q.v.), who had tried to found biological stations before at Villefranche in 1852, at Naples in 1863 and at Triest in 1871 and another inspiration to cover the world with biological stations was from Mikloucho-Maclay (q.v.), who had spent the winter 1868/69 together with Dohrn in Messina) to start a network of international biological stations and became well-known as the founder of Stazione Zoologica in Napoli (Naples) in 1870 and of the public Aquarium there on 12 Jan. 1874, helped by own economical resources, Italian Science Prize money (later also German Empire money) and gifts from friends, e.g. Charles Darwin and support from other friends like Huxley (q.v.) [Micrurinella antondohrni Friedrich, 1960, Crossobothrium dohrni (Oerley, 1885), Pseudione dohrni Bonnier, 1900, Amphianthus dohrnii (von Koch, 1878), Lineus dohrnii (Hubrecht, 1879), Prosthiostomum dohrni Lang, 1884, Procerodes dohrni Wilhelmi, 1909]. The first of all of well-known biologists, who visited Helgoland (1835) was however Prof. Dr. Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, (19 Apr. - Dehlitzch, Prussia) 1795-1876 (27 June - Berlin), who this year had been appointed professor of theory, methodology and history of medicine, at the university of Berlin. Thus he was a senior colleague of Johannes Müller (q.v.) and an early pioneer within microscopy, who already had described many small (and large) organisms and continued for a long time with this task. His colleague and his disciples (for example R. Leuckart (q.v.)) in this way got aware of this island. Ehrenberg was born close to Leipzig, got a medical education from 1817 (after at first having entered the Theological College in Leipzig 2 years before), after which he - on recommendation from his friend von Humboldt (q.v.) - took part in a research trip to the Oriental areas (the coasts of the Red Sea in primarily Egypt), from where he brought large collections (34000 animals including almost 4000 species) [Discocephalus ehrenbergi Dragesco, 1960]. Then (1820-25) he and Wilhelm Friedrich Hemprich, (24 June - Glatz (Klodzko), Prussian Silesia) 1796-1825 (30 June - Massawa, Eritrea) (died in field of a fever during the expedition and Ehrenberg buried him on the island of Toalul) [Baseodiscus hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1831), Lobophyllia hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1834), Coscinopira hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1839, Amphisorus hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1839, Ophidiaster hemprichti (Müller & Troschel), Baseodiscus hemprichii (Ehrenberg), Megalactis hemprichii Ehrenberg, Heterodactyla hemprichii Ehrenberg, Thalassia hemprichi (Ehrenberg) Ascherson, Acanthastrea hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1834), Acropora hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1834)], followed von Humboldt on his Asian trip and after this Ehrenberg was appointed professor in Medical History in Berlin. He worked particularly on ciliates, which he considered complete animals with organ systems. Dujardin (q.v.), who much worked on the same organism group, was of the opposit opinion, that they did not have any internal organs, but just consisted of a more or less homogenous mass. When the followers of Ehrenberg's ideas eventually left him, he himself completely left science and did not publish anything during his last 15 years [Terebella ehrenbergi Grube, 1870, Favella ehrenbergii (Claparède & Lachmann, 1858), Pusillina ehrenbergi (Philippi, 1844), Urodemas ehrenbergi Selenka, Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886]. Several organisms are named after Haeckel, but perhaps one of the most well-known is the gelatinous pseudo-organism Bathybius Haeckelii, described by Thomas Huxley in samples from the Cyclops expedition (q.v.) as a kind of protoplasm covering the deep sea bottoms and thought to perhaps be identical with the "Urschleim" - the origin of organic life - which Haeckel had speculized about. Eventually, however, the chemist John Young Buchanan (20 Feb. - Glasgow) 1844-1925 (16 Oct. - London), on the Challenger expedition, which for a long period looked for Bathybius, simply showed this "organism" to be precipitations of Calcium Sulphate from sea water mixed with alcohol. A.L. Rice have later (1983) given an alternative explanation: rest products from phytoplankton blooms tends to form mucus fluffs on the deep sea bottom, very similar to what Huxley described. Buchanan was son of a prosperous Glasgow merchant and had studied in Scotland, France and Germany before the expedition.

Isaiah Greegor, 1843-1891 (26 July - at his home, Cuyahoja Falls, Ohio; died at age 48, buried in Fredericksburg, Wayne, OH), US Malacologist and shell dealer [Cypraea greegori John Ford, 1893]. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan kindly correted a wrong spelling).

The gastropod name Crassispira greeleyi (Dall, 1901 is not in honour of neither Adolphus Washington Greeley, (27 Mar. - Newburyport, Massachusetts) 1844-1935 (20 Oct. - Washington, D.C.), US soldier and arctic explorer nor Samuel S. Greeley, (likely the lawyer Samuel Sewall Greeley, Illinois, who was a first hand describer if the great Chicago fire), booth correspondents of Dall, but, like the nudibranch Peltodoris greeleyi MacFarland, 1909, it was taken by Dr. Arthur W. Greeley, (Oswego, N.Y.) 1875-1904 (15 Mar. - St. Louis (after an appendicitis operation), at age 28), the zoologist of the Branner-Agassix expedition to Brazil in 1899, "whose untimely death cut short a life full of promise in his profession".

The flatworm name Acanthocotyle greeni Macdonald & Llewellyn, 1980 from Raja sp. in the Plymouth area, is in honour of Mr. John E. Green, 19??-, of the Marine Biological Association, for supplying material and in recognition of his help to visiting parasitologists over many years.

John Christopher Green, 1939-, micro algae researcher at the Plymouth Laboratory from 1968 to 1999.

William Spotswood Green, (Youghal) 1847-1919 (22 Apr.), was an Irish clergyman (he was ordained a priest in 1873) and mountain-climber (most famous as such in New Zealand and Canada). He was never content with his clerical position as rector; there were those among his friends who said that the only ecclesiastical role that would suit would be as chaplain on a pirate ship. Green, who was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, began during the second half of the 1880s to do ichthyological work for the Royal Irish Academy (RIA), exploring marine fauna of southwest Ireland with Haddon (q.v.), having had interests in matters concerning the sea from childhood and he was put in charge of the chartered tug steamer Lord Bandon in order to get knowledge of the fauna between the Irish coast and the 1000 fathom line, later continued in two other expeditions with the same ship, however renamed Flying Falcon and a forth expedition in 1889 on another ship, the Flying Fox. After 1890, Green was named Inspector of Fisheries for Ireland, retiring in 1914 in favor of Holt (q.v.). Haddon named an anemone Paraphellia greenii; this interesting person is also remembered in the the names of the isopod Heteromesus greeni (Tattersall, 1905) and the copepod Talacalanus greenii (Farran, 1905). R. Lloyd Praeger tells about Green's imperturbability: "He bore any hardship with a laugh and no emergency disturbed his good humour". (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Dr. Joel Alexander Greene, 1935-, of San Francisco, Doctor in in Art History (African tribal art), but also an avid shell collector [Morum joelgreenei Emerson, 1981], who discovered and named Lambis millepes wheelwrighti in 1979.

The gastropod name Cerithiopsis greeni (C.B. Adams, 1839) is not a tribute to Jacob Green, 1790-1841, US chemist, who published on molluscs and trilobites, but Adams in his description tells us: "I take pleasure to dedicating this species to Thomas A. Greene," 1794-1867, "Esq. of New Bedford" (Mass.). Greene was not only interested in malacology, but was also a skilled botanist and as a Quaker, against the slavery. (Prof. James T. (Jim) Carlton, Williams College, kindly provided a pdf of the description).

The scaphopod name Gadila greenlawi Lamprell & Healy, 1998 is probably a new name for Cadulus greenlawi J. Henderson, 1920, which was named for Captain Sidney W. Greenlaw, 18??-19??, master of the Eolis. He worked as John B. Henderson's (q.v.) engineer and was used by several dredging expeditions as skipper during many years.

The amphipod name Caprella greenleyi McCain, 1969 may possibly be in honour of Mr. Dennis Greenley, 19??-, Oregon State Univ., who did the initial survey on the ecology of two species of Eohaustorius around this time.

Dr. Peter Humphry Greenwood, (21 Apr. - Redruth, Cornwall) 1927-1995 (3 Mar. - London), ichthyologist and aquarist.

Marquis Dr. Antonio de Gregorio, (27 June - Messina) 1855-1930 (5 Dec. - Palermo), Italian natural historian, geologist, malacologist, archaeologist and music historian [Gregorioscala Cossmann, 1912].

The harpacticoid name Syngastes gregoryi Pesta, 1932 is in honour of Prof. Dr. Herbert Ernest Gregory, (Middleville, Michigan) 1869-1952, becoming Professor of Geology at Yale University. He was a widely acknowledged hydrologist with expertise in the American West. He also had special interests in history and ethnology. From 1919, through an arrangement with Yale, Gregory served as Director of the Bishop Museum until 1936, where Pesta's colleague Victor Pietschman (q.v.) worked. The Museum still awards the Gregory Medal for Distinguished Service to Pacific Science. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. John Walter Gregory, (27 Jan. - Bow, London) 1864-1932 (2 June - accidentaly drowned at age 68 in Urubamba River near Megantoni Falls in northern Peru by capsize of his canoe). In 1901 he became professor of Geology in Melbourne, but in 1904 he was appointed to the Geology chair in Glasgow and in 1928 to 1930 he was President of the Geological Society of London. He mainly published on corals and bryozoa.

Karl Gottlieb Grell, (28 Dec. - Burg an der Wupper) 1912-1994 (4 Oct.), German "outstanding protistologist". Founder of phylum Placozoa [Grellia Levine, 1973].

Lacking information about V.N, Grese in the calanoid name Calocalanus gresei Shmeleva, 1974.

Greta : (see Andrew & Greta Murray).

The amphipod name Amathillopsis grevei J.L. Barnard, 1961 must likely be a tribute to Svend Greve, 19??-19??, Royal Danish Navy, nautical commander of the Danish Galathea Expedition. Also a holothurian species Parorhiza grevei Hansen, 1956, from a depth of around 7000 m, closely related to Mesothuria, is named for this captain, who already as a young navigation officer had taken part in the circumnavigation with Dana in 1928-30.

Prof. Dr. Hartmut Greven, (25 Nov. - Neustadt, Oberschlesien) 1942-, who worked on tardigrades at the Münster University during the 1970s, is honoured in the tardigrade name Halechiniscus greveni Renaud-Mornant & Deroux, 1976. He published a small book about tardigrades in 1980, but has later evidently been working on salamanders and aquarium fishes at the Univ. of Düsseldorf.

Prof. Robert Kaye Greville, (13 Dec. - Bishop Auckland, Durham) 1794-1866 (6 June), Professor of botany in Edinburgh [Monostroma grevillei (Thuret, 1854) Wittrock, 1866]. He also collected insects and molluscs, was a good artist and was an active opponent of slavery.

François Jules Grévy, (15 Aug. - Mont-sous-Vaudrey, Jura) 1807-1891 (9 Sep. - Mont-sous-Vaudrey), was president of France between 1879-87 and has nothing to do with marine names, but Grevy's Zebra, Equus grevyi Oustalet was named for him, when it was detected that a zebra in Jardin des Plantes given to him by the emperor of Abessinia in 1882 was a new species.

The fish name Bathylagus greyae Cohen, 1958 is likely honouring Marion Griswold Grey, (Los Angeles) 1911-1964, US ichthyologist.

Dr. George "Grits" Daniel Grice Jr., (9 Oct.) 1929-2001 (11 Mar.), US fisheries biologist and copepodologist, born in Charleston. He achieved his PhD in biology from Florida State University in 1957. After shorter periods in Alaska and at Hawaii he started a career at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in July 1959 and stayed there for almost the rest of his active life. However, in 1997 he accepted an appointment with the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) in Paris, France, to serve IOC as Senior Assistant Secretary for Oceans and Living Resources. [Griceus Ferrari & Markhaseva 2000, Undinella gricei Wheeler, 1970]. (Obituary in Monoculus 41) (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

James Alexanderssön Grieg, (2 Oct. - Bergen) 1861-1936 (19 Feb. - Bergen), Norwegian zoologist, son of the merchant Alexander Behrens Grieg, 1835-1917 and his wife Birgitte Friele, 1840--1908 (through his mother, James thus was nephew of Herman Friele II (q.v.)), married in 1898; curator at the Bergens Muséum from 1886, first at the vertebrate section, but from 1913 in charge of the invertebrate section and as such he became a specialist on echinoderms. He visited early in life a few German universities to learn, e.g. Haeckel and Kükenthal in Jena and later H. Ludwig in Bonn. He was related, although not very closely, to the Norwegian music composer Edvard Grieg, 1843-1907. [Amphiura griegi Mortensen, 1920, Clavularia griegii Jensenius Madsen, 1944, Tritonia griegi Odhner, 1922, Cingula griegi (Friele)].

Norman McDowell Grier, (13 June - Pittsburgh, Penn.) 1890-1951 (26 Dec. - Lebanon, Penn.), US unionid malacologist.

Jean-Michel Griessinger , 19??-, must be the person honoured in the sponge name Haliclona griessingeri van Lent & de Weerdt, 1987, because he has published on Mediterranean sponges, but usually is more active in limnic systems.

Bradney Beverley Griffin, 1871?-1898 (26 Mar.) (age 26 at the time of his too early decease in pneumonia), from New York, who i.a. published on invertebrates, especially Nemertea from Puget Sound in 1897, is likely the person honoured in the echiuroid name Ochetostoma griffini (Wharton, 1913) (Griffin had published on fertilisation of Thalassema eggs), the hydroid names Eudendrium griffini Light, 1913, Pasythea griffini Hargitt, 1924 and in the octocoral name Sarcophyton griffini Moser, 1919.

Dr. Desmond John G. Griffin, 1938-, succeded in 1968 John Yaldwyn as Curator of Crustacea at the Australian Museum, but later (between 1976-98) becoming the Director of the Museum, as a leading specialist on majid spider crabs.

The solicitor and naturalist Edward Griffith, 1790-1858 (8 Jan.), FLS from Wales, translated together with the palaeontologist Edward Pidgeon, 1790?-1834, and J.E. Gray (q.v.) Cuvier's Le Régne animal distribué d'après son Organisation, pour servir de Base à l'Histoire naturelle des Animaux et d'Introduction à l'Anatomie comparée (five volumes) into English. They also together described some Indo-Pacific mollusks in 1834.

Mrs. Amelia Warren Griffiths (née Rogers), (14 Jan. - Pitton, Devon) 1768-1858 (4 Jan. - Torquay), of Torquay, Devonshire, important (but unpublished) well reputed British algae collector. She was called "the Queen of Algologists" by David Landsborough (q.v.), and further praised by such botanical notables as R. K. Greville (q.v.), W. H. Harvey (q.v.), and W. J. Hooker (q.v.). She was one of the earliest members of the Torquay Natural History Society. [Griffithsia C. Agardh, 1817, Stictyosiphon griffithsianus (Le Jol.) Holm. & Batters, Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner, 1808) Martius, 1828]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided some of this information).

William Nelson Griffiths, 1???-18??, midship man during Admiral Sir W. Edward Parry's (q.v.) expedition with Hecla and Griper, onboard the Griper during 1819-20 in order to try to find the north west passage (and also onboard the Hecla in a similar trip from May 1821 - Oct. 1825). He became a liutenant 13 Nov. 1823 (date of seniority) and is honoured in the ascidian name Molgula griffithsii (Mac Leay, 1825), which was collected in the Foxe Channel close to the Aleutes. Griffiths had likely been in the navy from at least Nov. 1815. Mac Leay tells in 1824 (15th June) before the Linnean Society that William Nelson Griffiths had brought home from Winter Island "one of the best collections of invertebrate marine animals that I have seen from those regions" and that Mac Leay had access to the collection via William's brother John Griffiths, Esq. In a census of 1851 one exact namesake, likely the same person, is named, born in Bath in 1800. Two copies of will of William Nelson Griffiths of Bristol (11 Oct 1864) exist, likely the same person. Thus, this gentleman may have been born in Bath in 1800 and possibly died in the Bristol area after 1864.

Dr. Thomas Alan Griffiths, (16 Sep. - Lewiston, Androscoggin County, Maine) 1951-, provost at Lycoming College, is honoured in the fish name Hydrolagus homonycteris Didier Dagit, 2008, a name translated as the "batman ratfish" and Griffiths is a bat researcher and helped the author during her education, when she for two years was his assistant.

The gastropod name Odostomia grijalvae Baker, Hanna & Strong, 1928 is hot in honour of a person's name, but was likely found in the Rio Grijalva area, Chiapas, Mexico.

The amphipod name Lepechinella grimi Thurston, 1980 is explained as named for Grim, second son of Burnt Njal. Another species Lepichinella helgii Thurston, 1980, also from the East Iceland Basin, is explained Helgi, youngest son of Njal Thorgeirsson, Burnt Njal and still another, Lepichinella skarphedini Thurston, 1980 is explained this way: Skarp-Hedin, eldest son of Burnt Njal. A 4:th species, Lepechinelloides karii Thurston, 1980 is explained: Kari Solmundarsson, husband of Helga, Burnt Njal's daughter. Those, who have read Nial's Saga, know that Nial or Njal Thorgeirsson was an influential Icelandic farmer around the time of Iceland's conversion to Christianity. He had said the following: “With laws shall our land be built up, but with lawlessness laid waste”, but the cathatic power of vengance and inadequacy of the law can be followed in this saga - following a 50 year blood-feud, when Njal along with his family, is burnt alive in his home.

Albert Honoré Charles Grimaldi (or Albert I), (13 Nov. - Paris) 1848-1922 (26 June - Paris), Prince of Monaco, interested oceanographer and marine biologist, working much around the Azores. After having been a midshipman in the Spanish navy, he joined the French navy in 1868 and took part in the French-Prussian war in 1870. When peace arrived he bought a 200-t schooner, the Pleiad, which he renamed Hirondelle, using her for cruises in European seas between 1873-85. Having collected some surface plankton in the Baltic in 1884, his interest in oceanography / marine biology was aroused and suitable equipnent was arranged on the ship. However, in 1891 Hirondelle was replaced by the 650-t auxiliary steam yacht Princess Alice. This ship was replaced in 1898 with the 73 m long 1420-t auxiliary steam yacht Princess Alice II, which i.a. went several times to Svalbard. During its first trip there the Scottish explorer W.S. Bruce, 1867-1921, was one of the participants. In 1910 this ship was again replaced with a 1600-t steam yacht Hirondelle II (and Musée Océanographique opened up Mars 29). The outbreak of WWI more or less became the end point of Prince Albert's research expeditions, beeing to sick for such adventures after the war, although he made some expeditions in the Mediterranean, not with Hirondelle II, which evidently had become too expensive to use because of the costs for fuel after the war, but with "La Giralda", a yacht he borrowed from the Spanish king. A project, which ended up in a Nobel Prize in physiology started during one of the early trips. The physiologist Charles Richet, (26 Aug. - Paris) 1850-1935 (4 Dec. - Paris), was onboard and made an attempt to vaccinate the ships dog Neptun against cnidarian stings using extract from a large sea-anemone. Everything seemed to go well. Neptun wagged his tail and looked happy. However, Richet knew from e.g. tuberculosis vacccination, that the procedure had to be renewed after a few days. The problem was that next time Neptun got his vaccination, he did not wag his tail any more, but shortly fell dead down. In fact Neptun was the first martyr in the process of finding the explanation of what Richet coined as anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock. He continued his experiments during several years, ending up receiving this Prize in 1913. Richet also had other interests. He published on parapsycology, sent contributions to Haeckel's atheistic magazine Monist and was active in the Peace movement of his time. Altogether Prince Albert spent much of the huge income from the casino in Monte Carlo for marine biological research [Eulima grimaldii Bouchet & Warén, 1986, Scalpellus grimaldii Aurivillius, 1898, Dinonemertes grimaldii (Joubin, 1906), Dinonemertes alberti (Joubin, 1906), Radiella grimaldi (Topsent, 1913), Hexactinella grimaldii Topsent, 1890, Monorygma grimaldii (Moniez, 1889), Limnocalanus macrurus grimaldi (de Guerne, 1886), Hemirhabdus grimaldii (Richard, 1893), Stereomastis grimaldi (Bouvier, 1905), Eucopia grimaldii Nouvel, 1942, Eurydice grimaldii Dollfus, 1888, Hyale grimaldii Chevreux, 1891, Rhachotropis grimaldii Chevreux, 1900, Gephyrocrinus grimaldii Koehler & Bather, 1902, Ophiotrema alberti Koehler, 1896, Sperosoma grimaldii Koehler, 1897, Psychropotes grimaldii Hérouard, 1896, Aeginura grimaldii Maas, 1904, Grimaldia Chevreux, 1889, Grimaldichthys Roule, 1913, Grimalditeuthis Joubin,1898, Bathyphysa grimaldii Bedot, 1893, Leuckartiara grimaldii Ranson, 1936, Paracallisoma alberti Chevreux, 1903, Bruzeliopsis alberti Chevreux, 1911, Caryophyllia alberti Zibrowius, 1980, Pisianura grimaldii (Dautzenberg, 1889), Phascolion alberti Sluiter, 1900, Bradyagaue alberti (Trouessart, 1902), Leiopathes grimaldi Roule, 1902, Caryophyllia alberti Zibrowius, 1980, Egmundella grimaldii Leloup, 1940, Tristomella grimaldii Guiart, 1938, Orchomene grimaldii Chevreux, 1890, Urothoe grimaldii Chevreux, 1895, Tanais grimaldii Dollfus, 1897, Heterocarpus grimaldii A. Milne-Edwards & Bouvier, 1900, Athanas grimaldii Coutière, 1911, Neolithodes grimaldii (A. Milne-Edwards & Bouvier, 1894), Reteporella grimaldii (Jullien, 1903), Pisanianura grimaldii Dautzenberg, 1899, Phymorhynchus alberti Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1906, Isonomia alberti Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1896, Lepidoteuthis grimaldii Joubin, 1895, Mastigoteuthis grimaldii (Joubin, 1895), Opisthoteuthis grimaldii (Joubin, 1903), Alexandromenia grimaldii Leloup, 1946, Ollaphon grimaldii Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1896, Grimpoteuthis grimaldii Joubin, 1903, Rhabdopleura grimaldi Jullien, Hydrolagus alberti Bigelow & Schroeder, 1951, Thoracaster alberti Koehler, 1909 (a synonym of T. cylindratus Sladen, 1883), possibly Brisinga alberti Fisher, 1906]. N.B. The old Swedish hydrographer Otto Pettersson (q.v.) - who had met the prince several times and appreciated his work much - worked a lot to make a league of European states to purchase "Hirondelle II" and keep it in use for scientific research after prince Albert's death (because the son prince Louis was not interested in continuing sea research), but had not assembled enough money before an US film company purchased it in 1924 and used it only a few times before it ended up as a charcoal depository vessel in the Panama Channel.

Prof. Susanna Grimaldi de Zio, 19??-, Italian tardigrade researcher at the Univ. of Bari [Zioella Renaud-Mornant,1987].

Lacking information about Grimalschi in the copepod name Schizopera grimalschii Jakubisiak, 1938.

Dr. Oskar Andreevich Grimm, 1845-1920, limnologist, who beside fishery was interested in invertebrates and e.g. described some sponges, is honoured in the sponge name Haliclona grimmi (Czerniavsky, 1880) and in the calanoid name Eurytemora grimmi (G.O. Sars, 1897). Grimm and N.A. Varpakhovskij (q.v.) had collected an extensive crustacean material in the Caspian Sea, which G.O. Sars (q.v.) described.

Professor Georg von Grimpe, (16 Feb. - Leipzig) 1889-1936 (22 Jan. - Leipzig), Leipzig zoologist, who i.a. studied cephalopods [Synchaeta grimpei Remane, 1929, Abralia grimpei Voss, 1959, Grimpoteuthis Robson, 1932, Grimpella Robson, 1932].

Prof. Dr. John Richard Grindley, 1935-2004 (15 Oct.), Zoological Laboratory, Univ. of Cambridge, but later working at the Univ. of Cape Town, is honoured in the dinoflagellate name Gonyaulax grindleyi Reinecke, 1967. His father was a Dr. in physics and had come with his wife, who developed into a botanist, to Univ. of Cape Town already in 1923. John decided to study zoology, partly at the Univ. of Southampton, partly at the Univ. of Cape Town and got later a good working relationship with Prof. Day (q,v.), whom he much admired, there. Already as a student he had worked with Nico Tinbergen on birds and kept an interest for birds during his life, but beside marine biology, mountain climbing was his passion.

The gastropod names Elachisina grippi Dall, 1918, Eupleura grippi Dall, 1911, Pseudomelatoma grippi (Dall, 1919), Bellaspira grippi (Dall, 1908), Ophiodermella grippi (Dall, 1919), Odostomia grippiana Bartsch, 1912, Homalopoma grippi (Dall, 1911) and the bivalve name Grippina Dall, 1912 are all likely honouring the US (San Diego) malacologist Charles William Gripp, (Ödeshög, Sweden) 1832?-1913 (3 Jan. - San Diego (serious accident)), who had emigrated from Sweden to USA in 1875 and from 1897 was connected with the San Diego post-office, but often used to collect mollusks helped by local fishing boats. (Dall, who wrote his obituary wrote that Gripp was only of age 48 when he died, so possibly he was born around 1864 instead of 1832, because Dall must have known him rather well). A namesake is the German geologist Dr. Karl Gripp, (21 Apr. - Hamburg) 1891-1985 (26 Feb. - Lübeck).

Karl Grobben, (27 Aug. - Brno) 1854-1945 (13 Apr. - Salzburg), Invertebrate zoologist at the University of Wien (Vienna), who mainly was interested in molluscs and crustaceans, but i.a. also published a new edition of C. Claus' well-known "Lehrbuch der Zoologie" and he is the father of the well-known terms Protostomia and Deuterostomia (1908). [Sphaerophthalmus grobbeni Spandl, 1923, Limnadia grobbeni Daday, 1925, Actinia grobbeni Watzl, 1922, Paladilhiopsis grobbeni Kuscer 1928, Raillietina grobbeni Böhm 1925, Trypanophis grobbeni (Poche, 1904)].

Mrs. Christina Groh, 19??-, firstly collected alive Guerrina christinae Valido, Groh, Ibanez & Alonzo, 1993 a land gastropod from the Canaries [Mitra christinae Poppe, 2008]. Her husband Klaus Groh, 1936-, is a malacologist and is answering for the antiquarian book store ConchBooks in Hackenheim together with his wife. Conus grohi Tenorio & Poppe, 2004 is named for him. (G. Poppe kindly provided the Mitra homonym)

Laurentius Theodorus Gronovius, (1 June - Leiden) 1730-1777 (8 Aug.), Dutch naturalist and shell collector (but mainly ichthyologist) [Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin, 1789)], son of one of Linnaeus' botanical patrons in the Netherlands, the Leiden physician Dr. Johan(nes) (Jan) Frederik Gronovius, (10 Feb. - Leiden) 1686-1762 (10 July - Leiden), who had botanical interests and had helped Linnaeus economically and - likely after Linnaeus suggestion - named the flower genus Linnaea after him. (This was before Linnaeus started to work on a Ceylon Flora book project for Prof. Johannes Burman, (26 Apr. - Amsterdam) 1707-1780 (20 Feb.), in the Botanical Garden of Amsterdam and later for the British-Dutch merchant George Clifford III, (7 Jan. - Amsterdam) 1685-1760 (10 Apr. - Heemstede), at his large botanical and zoological garden Hartecamp; the wealty Clifford, who was director for the Dutch East India Company, had asked Burman to get the possibilty to employ Linnaeus (who also was a physician and Clifford wanted to be close to a physician because of his hypochondria), but Burman would not let Linnaeus go, but could not resist the temptation, when he was offered a book he did not have, if he let Linnaeus change employer).

Kurt Joachim Grosch, 1912-1992, veteran Mozambique deep water shell collector of German origin [Spondylus groschi Lamprell & Kilburn, 1995, Chiton (Chiton) groschi Kaas, 1979, Chicoreus (Triplex) groschi (Vokes 1978), Coluzea groschi Harasewych & Fraussen 2001].

Lacking information about Gross in the fish name Callionymus grossi Ogilby, 1910, but possibly a tribute to Mr. Augustus Gross, 18??-19??, Queensland Offices, Sydney.

The ostracod names Cytherella grossmani Benson & Coleman, 1963 and Bathyleberis grossmani Kornicker, 1975 have been created to honour Dr. Stuart Grossman, 1928-, who studied living Ostracoda from Redfish Bay, while being at the Institute of Marine Science, Port Aransas, Texas (some results published in 1965). In 1967 his detailed studies on living and Holocene populations of Foraminifera and Ostracoda of Pamlico Sound, North Carolina, were published. At that time he was working as a micropalaeontologist at Esso Production Research Company, Houston, Texas. (Prof. Eugen Karl Kemp, Frechen, Germany, kindly provided this information).

The Lithodid name Paralomis grossmani Macpherson 1988 was erected to honour Prof. Dr. Gary David Grossman, (29 May) 1954-, who achieved his PhD in Animal Ecology and Limnology at the Univ. of California, Davis, in 1979. Beside his professorship at Warnell School of Forest Resources, Univ. of Georgia, he is a part-time art dealer. (Prof. Eugen Karl Kemp, Frechen, Germany, kindly sent the link leading to this information).

Prof. Dr. Alexandru Vasile Grossu, (14 July - Ciorani (Vrancea)) 1910-2004 (26 Mar.), Romanian Malacologist.

The hagfish name Eptatretus grouseri McMillan, 1999 is named for the authors son David "Grouser" McMillan, 19??-, a chief engineer in the US Merchant Marine.

Lindsey T. Groves, (Evansville, Indiana) 1954-, Collection Manager of Malacology at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, California. His speciality is fossil and Recent cypraeoideans from North and South America. He has resided in the Los Angeles area from 1958 through 1978, Flagstaff, Arizona from 1978 through 1984, and later again in Los Angeles [Scabrotrophon grovesi McLean in McLean & Gosliner, 1995, Bernaya (Protocypraea) grovesi Squires & Demetrion, 1992, Nerinea grovesi Squires & Saul, 1998, Siphocypraea grovesi Petuch, 1998, Grovesia Dolin, 2001, Corbicula grovesi Coan, 2002].

Professor Dr. Adolf Eduard Grube, (18 May - Königsberg) 1812-1880 (23 Jan. - Breslau), naturalist, mainly polychaetologist, in 1837 defending his thesis in Königsberg, later on working in Breslau. One of the early explorers of the Adriatic Sea [Amphiporus grubei (Diesing, 1850), Grubea Diesing, 1858, Stelletta grubii O. Schmidt, 1862, Grubeosyllis Verrill, 1900, Aponuphis grubii (Marenzeller, 1886), Ampharete grubei Malmgren, 1866, Myxicola grubii Krøyer, 1856, Phylo grubei (M'Intosh, 1910), Ophiura grubei Heller, 1863, Cucumaria grubei von Marenzeller, 1874, Amphiporus grubei (Diesing, 1850), Lineus grubei (Hubrecht, 1879), Edwardsia grubii Andrès, 1883, Colobomatus grubei (Richiardi, 1877), Nereis grubei (Kinberg, 1866), Eupistella grubei (M'Intosh, 1885), Loimia grubei Holthe, 1986, Pista grubei Augener, 1918, Grubianella M'Intosh, 1885, Samythopsis grubei M'Intosh, 1885].

Prof. Dr. August Gruber, (8 Oct. - Genua) 1853-1938 (23 Nov. - Schachen bei Lindau), was a student of Rudolf Leuckart (q.v.). Primarily a protozoologist, Gruber also wrote six papers between 1868 and 1884 that dealt with copepods. He was a Professor of Zoology at the University of Freiburg, being brother in law through his sister Mary of the institute's leader August Weismann (q.v.) and an editor of Berichte der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Freiburg. He is honoured in the ciliate name Gruberia Kahl, 1932. (Dr. D. Damkaer, who kindly supplied this information also added: I have not learned very much about this person, who was overshadowed by August Weismann (q.v.), his senior colleague at Freiburg and his brother-in-law).

The Myanmar polychaete name Sabellaria grueti Kirtley, 1994 is in honour of Yves Gruet, 19??-, Université de Nantes.

The decapod name Bythocaris grumanti Burukovski, 1966 is likely not honouring a person's name, but must be derived from the old Russian name Grumant for Svalbard / Spitsbergen.

The trematode name Brachylecithum grummti Odening, 1963 is in honour of Dr. Wolfgang Grummt, 19??-, a curator of birds at the Zoological Garden in Berlin. (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided this information)

Prof. Dr. Hans-Eckhard Grüner, (15 May - Zwickau) 1926-2006 (6 Dec.), at the Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, crustacean researcher and the editor of the 2:nd edition of Kaestner's "Lehrbuch der speziellen Zoologie", is likely honoured in the Callianassid name Callianassa gruneri Sakai, 1999 [Metaphoxus gruneri Karaman, 1986].

The cephalopod name Argonauta gruneri R. W. Dunker, 1852, must be a tribute to Herrn Consul Christian Siegfried Gruner, 1774-1855, Bremen, a former paper factory owner, who had a large shell collection. Upon retirement, Gruner moved to Bremen in 1827 (becoming a Consul in 1835), where his younger brother, August Wilhelm, owned a West Indies trading company.

Jean Abel Gruvel, (14 Feb. - Le Fleix (Dordogne)) 1870-1941 (18 Aug. - Dinard), published i.a. a monograph on cirripeds and thecostracans in Paris in 1905. He also worked on fish and with fisheries, and published several works on different animal groups from the beginning of the 20:th century at least until 1937 [Nymphon gruveli Bouvier, 1910, Gruvelialepas Newman, 1980, Turbonilla gruveli Dautzenberg, 1913, Vaughtia gruveli (Dautzenberg, 1910), Teloscalpellum gruvelianum (Pilsbry, 1907), Natica gruveli Ph. Dautzenberg, 1910, Trophon gruveli Ph. Dautzenberg, 1910, Fustiaria gruveli (Ph. Dautzenberg, 1910), Leptogorgia gruveli Stiasny, 1936, Alcyonium gruveli Tixier-Durivault, 1955, Grammoplites gruveli (Pellegrin, 1905)].

The tanaid name Typhlotanais gruzovi Tzareva, 1982 is in honour of Evgeni N. Gruzov, 19??-, Institute of Zoology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg.

The Callianassid name Neocallichirus guaiqueri (Blanco Rambla, Liñero Arana & Beltrán Lares, 1995) is probably not in honour of a certain person, but may likely have been taken by the R/V Guaiqueri II of the Institute Oceanografico de Venezuela.

Dr. Niccolò Gualtieri, (Firenze) 1688-1744, Italian physician for the great duke of Toscana, Cosimo III, shell collector and author of "Index Testarum Conchyliorum" 1742 [Massilina gualteriana (d'Orbigny, 1839), Calliostoma gualterianum Philippi, 1848, Natica gualteriana Récluz, 1844].

Lacking information about Guanhum in the South American land crab name Cardisoma guanhumi (Latreille, 1825).

A.L. Gubba, 1???- around 1850, French (Havre-de-Grâce, i.e. Le Havre area) shell cabinet owner. The exotic shell collection was for sale in January 1851, when he was mentioned as the late [Conus gubba L. C. Kiener, 1845, likely Chicoreus gubbi L. A. Reeve, 1849].

Franco Gubbioli, 1942-, Italian amateur malacologist living in Marbella, Spain [Calliostoma gubbiolii Nofroni, 1984, Chrysallida gubbiolii, Peñas & Rolán, 1998, Granulina gubbiolii, Smriglio & Mariottini, 1999, Odostomia francoi, Peñas & Rolán, 1999], married to Marthe "Marthine" Bellocq, 1944-, [Chrysallida marthinae Nofroni & Schander, 1994, Conus bellocqae, van Rossum, 1996, Primovula (Adamantia) bellocqae, Cardin, 1997].

Prof. Dr. Eugene Willis Gudger, (10 Aug. - NC) 1866-1956 (19 Feb. - Waynesville, NC), ichthyologist (especially interested in whale sharks) at the American Museum of Natural History, is likely the person honoured in the Australian skate name Dipturus gudgeri (Whitley, 1940).

Lacking information about Gudrun in the polychaete name Apistobranchus gudrunae Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1988.

Wilhelm Gueinzius, (15 Apr. - Trotha) 1815-1874 (24 Jan. - Pietermaritzburg), German traveller and algae collector in South Africa. His material was sent to the Leipzig professor Eduard Friedrich Pöppig, (16 July - Plauen (Vogtland)) 1798-1868 (14 Sep. - Wahren, close to Leipzig), the founder of the Leipzig Zoological Museum, who himself had traveled in South America, i.a. studuing the drug function of coca leaves.

Dr. Anton Johann Güldenstädt, (26 Apr. - Riga) 1745-81 (23 Mar. - St. Petersburg), physician and natural scientist in the Baltic area, who published on fresh water fishes during the 1770s [Acipencer gueldenstaedtii Brandt & Ratzeburg, 1833].

Félix Édouard Guérin, (12 Oct. - Toulon) 1799-1874 (25 Jan. - Paris), French naturalist, who in 1836 changed his name to Guérin-Méneville. He described several animal species during the 1820s-30s, but is most well-known for his illustrated work "Iconographie du règne animal de G. Cuvier" 1829-44, a complement of Cuvier's and Latreille's work (which lacked illustrations) and as an introducer of silkworm breeding in France [Caligus guerini Guiart, 1913, Guerina Della Valle, 1893, Rissoa guerini Récluz, 1843, Amphilepis guerini Cherbonnier & Guille, 1978, Echinosquilla guerinii (White, 1861)].

Jules Maloteau, Baron de Guerne, (Douai, France) 1855-1931, wrote many papers on marine and freshwater copepods, often in cooperation with his friend Jules Richard (q.v.). Baron de Guerne was a member of the Societe de Zoologie de France from 1880; he was also among the founders of the International Congress of Zoology. He at first studied law, but switched to medicine and from that to natural history. He was active in biological societies of "du Nord," working for long periods at Giard's (q.v.) laboratory in Wimereux. For years, de Guerne was responsible for the zoology of the cruises of Prince Albert (see Grimaldi), and he collaborated as well with Pouchet (q.v.). His work is recalled by the copepod genus Guernella Schmeil, 1898, as well as the species Poppella guernei Richard, 1888 and Diaptomus guernei Imhof, 1891 [Rhabderemia guernei Topsent, 1890 and Thymosia guernei Topsent, 1896, Guernea Chevreux, 1887, Sclerasterias guernei Perrier, 1891, Photostomias guernei Collett, 1889, Crella guernei (Topsent, 1892), Krachia guernei (Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1896), Cylindriscala guernei (Dautzenberg & de Boury, 1897), Metanematobothrium guernei (Moniez, 1891), Byblis guernei Chevreux, 1888, Orchestia guernei Chevreux, 1889, Jaera nordmanni guernei Dollfus, 1889, Turbonilla guernei Dautzenberg, 1889]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

The bryozoan name Amathia guernseii Chimonides, 1987 is not in honour of a certain person, but the type material was detected in Saints Bay, Guernsey.

Dr. Ángel Guerra Sierra, 1947-, biologist studying Cephalopoda at CSIC, Vigo (Spain) and past president of Unitas Malacologica [Eulimella angeli Penas & Rolan, 1997].

Mr. Arthur Tucker Guest, (31 Dec. - Bermuda) 1907-1993 (18 Feb.), from Bermudas, immigration officer and amateur conchologist [Natica guesti M.G. Harasewych & Jensen, 1984, Pterynotus guesti M. G. Harasewych & Jensen, 1979, Alvania guesti Moolenbeek, 1987]. Guest left in his will his collection to another Bermuda collector, his friend Jack Lightbourn (q.v.).

Jean Etienne Guettard, (22 Sep. - Étampes) 1715-1786 (8 Jan. - Paris), French natural nistory traveller (mineralogist / palaeontologist) in Poland and northern Europe.

The flatworm name Lepidapedon guevarai Lopez-Roman & Maillard, 1973 and the nematode name Skrjabinalius guevarai Gallego & Selva, 1979, may likely both be in honour of Prof. Diego Guevara Pozo, 19??-, Spanish parasitologist at Universidad de Granada.

Dr. Carl W. Gugler, (6 Sep. - Kansas) 1920-1984 (16 Feb.), US zoologist, achieved his PhD at the Univ. of Nebraska in Lincoln in 1959, kept on as a teacher there and succeded in keeping vast amounts of living marine and fresh-water invertebrates for educational purpose. His own research concerned terrestrial gastropods only.

The French parasitology Professor Jules Guiart, 1870-1965, Lyon, published, not only on parasitology, but also on opistobranchs in the beginning of the 20:th century.

The New Caledonian cockle name Hemicardium guichardi (Bernardi, 1857) was explained this way: "Nous dédions cette espéce à M. Guichard, avocat à Marseille et amateur zélé de conchyliologie". His first name may have been Albert.

Antoine Alphonse Guichenot, (31 July - Paris) 1809-1876 (17 Feb.), French zoologist, specialized in reptiles and fish, taking part in several collecting trips for the Paris museum.

Jean-Louis-Léon Guignard, 1852-1928, French algae researcher [Haloguignardia Cribb & Cribb, 1956].

Rev. Lansdowne Guilding, (9 May - St. Vincent) 1797-1831 (22 Oct. - Bermuda), F.L.S., from St. Vincent, had studied in Oxford before returning to his home island, where he became interested in natural history and began publishing on crustaceans from the West Indies, but also made large collections of molluscs and echinoderms and corresponded with W.J. Hooker, C. Darwin and other naturalists. [Chiton guildingii Reeve 1847, Enaeta guildingi (Sowerby, 1844), Tellina guildingii Hanley, 1844, Atys guildingi Sowerby, 1869, Ophidiaster guildingii Gray, 1840, Linckia guildingii Gray, 1840].

The amphipod name Cyclocaris guilelmi Chevreux, 1899 is a tribute to Emperor Friedrich WilhelmVictor Albert II, (27 Jan - Berlin) 1859-1941 (4 June - Doom, the Netherlands), of Germany, who was on board Princesse Alice together with Prince Albert of Monaco (see Grimaldi) during the expedition, which took the type of the species and assisted during the cruise.

The chaetognath name Aidanosagitta guileri (Taw, 1974) is likely a tribute to Prof. Dr. Eric Rowland Guiler, (Belfast) around 1926- 2008 (3 July, 85 years old), Irish marine zoologist, who in 1947 moved to Tasmania, where he worked at the Univ. of Tasmania.

Louis Guillaume (4 Jan.) 1894-1952 (29 May), French palaeontologist, working much on molluscs.

Lacking nationality information about the algologist Robert Russel Louis Guillard, 1921-, in the diatom name Thalassiosira guillardii Hasle 1978.

Prof. Alain Guille, 1937-2001 (4 June), specialist of echinoderms, who worked in the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris and was the Director of Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls sur Mer, published together with the author of Mesocletodes guillei Soyer, 1964 [Antalis guillei Scarabino, 1995, Chicoreus (Chicopinnatus) guillei (Houart, 1985), Thyone guillei Cherbonnier, 1988, Pterynotus (Pterynotus) guillei Houart, 1985, Pseudotanais (Akanthinotanais) guillei Shiino, 1979]. (Dr. Métivier, MNHN, Paris kindly provided this information).

Dr. Jean Baptiste Antoine Guillemin, (20 Jan. Pouilly-sur-Saône) 1796-1842 (15 Jan. - Montpellier), French botanist, first active in Dijon, then in Geneva, then in Paris, is likely the person honoured in the gastropod name Euspira guillemini Payraudeau, 1826.

Lacking information about Guillet, 18??-19??, in the fish name Lebetus guilleti Le Danois, 1913.

Lacking information about Guilliamson or is it possibly somebody named G. Williamson or simply any Williamsom hidden in the name Bathyporeia guilliamsoniana (Bate,1856). Who was he? Could it possibly be George Williamson, who published "Observations on the human crania ..." in 1857 (Dublin)?

Guillot de Suduiraut : (See Suduiraut).

The bivalve name Microgloma guilonardi Hoeksema, 1993 is honouring Mr. W.F.A. Guilonard, 19??-, who from his large collection of small molluscs directed the author's attention to this unknown shell. (Lodewijk van Duuren, Zoetermeer, The Netherlands, kindly provided this information).

The Volutid Lyria guionneti Poppe & Conde, 2001 is honouring the late Pierrot Guionnet, 19??-2001, French shell dealer in Mauritius, well known for his constant presence for many years on all European shell shows. [Chicoreus guionneti Merle, Garrigues & Pointier, 2001, Dentimargo guionneti Cossignani, 2001] (Guido T. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Danièle Guinot (also Guinot-Dumortier), 19??-, began her work at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris in 1950, collaborating with Forest (q.v.), achieved her PhD in 1977 on a monumental work on crabs [Monodaeus guinotae Forest, 1976, Hepatoporus guinotae (Zarenkov 1971), Afropinnotheres guinotae Manning, 1993].

The tanaid name Pagurolangis guitarti (Gutu & Gomez, 1976) may likely be a tribute to the Cuban ichthyologist Prof. Dr. Darío José Guitart Manday, (7 Feb. - Santiago de Cuba) 1923-2000 (18 Mar. - La Habana).

Dr. Frédéric Sylvain Guitel, 1861-19??, achieved his PhD in Paris on the dissertation "Recherches sur les lepadogasters" in 1889, publishing at least until 1919 [Halechiniscus guiteli Richters, 1908, Axinella guiteli Topsent, 1896, Chondrocladia guiteli Topsent, 1904, Gobius minutus guiteli Le Danois, 1913].

The gastropod name Manzonia guitiani Rolán, 1987 : (see Ribera).

Prof. Dr. Gustav Adolf Guldberg, (27 Oct. - Nannestad) 1854-1908 (23 Apr. - Kristiania), Norwegian professor of anatomy at the Univ. of Kristiania (Oslo), who published on whales together with Nansen (q.v.) in Oslo.

Rev. Dr. h.c. John Thomas Gulick, (13 Mar. - Kauai Island, Hawaii) 1832-1923 (14 Apr. - Honolulu), US evolutionist and Malacologist, but mainly studying land snails.

Eric R. Guller, 19??-, from the Univ. of Tasmania, published on various invertebrate groups, including a compilation of Tasmanian crustaceans in 1952.

Dr. George Gulliver, 1804-1882, British army surgeon (especially interested in red blood cells) and naturalist, who i.a. wrote a paper on nemerteans in 1879 [Oerstedia gulliveri (Bürger, 1893)].

Mrs Gulson, 18??-1871, from East Cliff, Teignmouth (close to Exmouth) was a collector of primarily algae. D. Landsborough (q.v.) made an excursion together with her and her daughters, when visiting the Exmouth area in 1851. Her son John Gulson, had a photograph of the Bonython flagon, which was owned by his father, but after the father's decease was sold at Sotheby & Wilkinson's auction rooms, London in the spring 1875. [Aclis gulsonae (W. Clark,1850)].

Who was Gunda in the triclade genus name Gunda O. Schmidt, 1862 - if any person at all?

Dr. Johannes (Juan) Gundlach, (17 July - Marlburg, Germany) 1810-1896 (14 Mar. - Havana, Cuba), curator at the Univ. of Marburg, later at the Senckenberg Museum of Frankfurt am Main - named for the physician Dr. Johann Christian Senckenberg, (28 Feb. - Frankfurt am Main) 1707-1772 (15 Nov.), who in 1763 bequethed his wealth, collections and library to the city for the founding of a medical and scientific institute and hospital [Thalassianthus senckenbergianus Kwietniewski C. R., 1896]. Gundlach, who had achieved his PhD at the Univ. of Marlburg in 1827, took part in an collecting expedition in 1839 to Cuba from where he did not return, but stayed and collected organisms there and in Puerto Rico [Palinurellus gundlachi van Martens, 1878, Crassispira gundlachi (Dall & Simpson, 1901), Haustellum gundlachi R. W. Dunker, 1883].

Chitonellus gunni Reeve, 1847 and the turritellid Gazameda gunnii (Reeve, 1849) was named for Ronald Campbell Gunn, (4 Apr. - Cape Town, South Africa) 1808-1881 (13 Mar. - Newstead, near Launceston), great Tasmanian naturalist. Likely also the Australian sea star Patiriella gunnii (Gray, 1840) and fish Eubalichthys gunni (Günther, 1870) is honouring the same person {Picture / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi- Savelli}.

Gunn : (see also Berge).

Bishop Johan Ernst Gunnérus, (26 Feb. - Christiania (now Oslo)) 1718-1773 (25 Sep. - Kristiansund), Norwegian theologist and naturalist, working in the diocese of Trondheim; published Flora Norvegica and wrote about i.a. sharks, crustaceans and anthozoans. He corresponded much with Linnaeus (q.v.), O.F. Müller (q.v.) and gathered local scientists, i.a. Ström (q.v.) and the Linnean disciple Ascanius (q.v.). He is perhaps best remembered for having described Monoculus (later placed in Calananus) finmarchicus in 1770 [Amphicteis gunneri (M. Sars, 1835), Laminaria gunneri Foslie, Ptilota gunneri Silva, Maggs & L. Irvin in Maggs & Hommersand, 1993, Folliculina gunneri Dons, 1927, Boreotrophon clathrata gunneri S. L. Lovén, 1846].

The nudibranch name Halgerda gunnessi Fahey & Gosliner, 2001 is in honour of Graeme Gunness, 19??-, living south of Perth, W Australia and is a keen nudibranch photographer (and supporter of nudibranch researchers).

The gastropod name Dermomurex gunteri E. H. Vokes, 1985 and the foraminiferan name Elphidium gunteri Cole, 1931 are likely tributes to the US marine biologist Dr. Gordon P. Gunter, (18 Aug.) 1909-1998 (19 Dec.), former director of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory. Also the name of a NOAA ship "Gordon Gunter" is of course a tribute to him. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided the connection between taxon name and person).

Gunther : (see M'Intosh).

The civil engineer Robert John Lechmere Guppy, (15 Aug. - London) 1836-1916 (5 Aug. Trinidad), who published on palaeo-malacology of the West Indies, is honoured in the bivalve name Americardia guppyi Thiele, 1910. However, he is likely most known from sending some fish specimens from Trinidad to Albert Günther in London in 1866, who described them as Girardinus guppii, without knowing that it already had been described as Poecilia reticulata Peters, 1859, but the name Guppy for this popular aquarium fish is still very common in many languages.

Prof. Dr. Eupraxie Fedorovna Gurjanova, 1902-1981, Russian amphipod specialist. She worked at professor Deryugin's (q.v.) department in Leningrad and took over the responsibility for the department after his decease [Gurjanovella Uschakov, 1926, Rhizellobiopsis eupraxiae (Zachs, 1923), Lineus gurjanovae Korotkevich, 1977, Lepidepecreum gurjanovae Hurley, 1963, Metridia gurjanovae Epstein, 1949, Vitjaziana gurjanovae Birstein & Vinogradov, 1955, Amicula gurjanovae Jakovleva, 1952, Rhizolepas gurjanovae Zevina, 1968, Lithacrosiphon gurjanovae Murina, 1967, Protomedeia gurjanovae Bulycheva, 1951, Eugerda gurjanovae Malyutina & Kussakin, 1996, Eohaustorius gurjanovae Bousfield & Hoover, 1995, Onchidiopsis gurjanovae Derjugin, 1937, Glycinde gurjanovae Uschakov & Wu, 1962, Samytha gurjanovae Ushakov, 1950, Ritterella gurjanovae Beniaminson, 1974] (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevasatopol kindly provided one of the eponyms).

Dr. Revere Randolph Gurley, (13 Aug.) 1861-1926? (18 Nov.?), Sometime Fellow in Clark, Univ. and assistant to the United States Fish Commission, US naturalist, publishing on myxosporidians during the 1890s [Gurleya Doflein, 1898]. I.a. he assisted Evermann (q.v.). He was the oldest son of Dr. Revere Williams Gurley, 1828-1887, of New Orleans, later minister of Washington D.C.

The pennatulid name Ptilosarcus gurneyi (Gray, 1860) and the shrimp name Pandalus gurneyi Stimpson, 1871 may likely be tributes to Gray's ornithological colleague at the museum, the banker and liberal party politician John Henry Gurney (the elder), (4 July - Earlham Hall, Norfolk) 1819-1890 (20 Apr.), of Norwich, Norfolk, at least the first of the names. The son, bearing exactly the same name (and sharing his father's natural history interests), lived between (31 July) 1848-1922 (8 Nov.). The bird Podiceps nigricollis gurneyi Roberts, 1919 is named for both father and son. Stimpson's name may possibly instead be a tribute to Prof. Ephraim Whitman Gurney, (18 Feb. - Boston) 1829-1886, of Harvard?

Dr. Robert Gurney, (31 July) 1879-1950 (5 Mar.), British (Oxford) crustacean researcher, who was not connected with any institution. His main habitat was fresh water, but he also wrote essential papers about marine crustaceans, particularly larvae Sir A.C. Hardy published in 1950 an obituary in Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. 162: 118-121. [Robertgurneya Lang, 1948, Tisbe gurneyi (Lang, 1934), Leptocaris gurneyi (Nicholls, 1944), Harpacticus gurneyi Jakubisiak, 1933, Kelleria gurneyi Sewell, 1949, Diarthrodes gurneyi Lang, 1948, Nicoides gurneyi Hayashi, 1975, possibly Saccoglossus guerneyi (Robinson, 1927)].

Prof. Alexander Gavrilovich Gurwitsch, (26 Sep. - Poltava) 1874-1954 (27 July - Moscow), Ukrainian medical and biological researcher, is honoured in the oligochaete name Thalassodrilides gurwitschi (Hrabe, 1971).

Aleksandr Vladimirovich Gusev (also spelled Gussev), (5 July - Korocha, Kursk province) 1917-1999 (31 Dec.), Russian parasitologist, who had a wide range of research interests, but mainly he investigated fish parasites (copepods and helminths, chiefly monogeneans). He was a student of V. A. Dogiel (q.v.). He retired in 1986 and spent his last years outside of St. Petersburg in a home for retired scientists [Gyrodactylus gussevi Ling, 1962, Neopavlovskioides gusevi Rodyuk, 1986, Bravohollisia gussevi Lim, 1995, Calydiscoides gussevi Oliver, 1984, Laminiscus gussevi (Bykhovskii & Polyanskii 1953), Microcotyle gussevi Gupta & Krishna, 1980, Neodactylogyrus gussevi (Achmerow 1952)]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided most of this information, Prof. A. Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly added the first eponym and Prof. Jean-Lou Justine, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, kindly updated some of it with a copy of a biographical note from Systematic Parasitology (1996) 33: 77-78).

The harpacticoid name Arenopontia gussoae Cottarelli, 1973 may likely be a tribute to Carla Chimenz Gusso, 19??-, Italian (Roma) pantopod and copepod researcher.

Prof. Dr. Giovanni Gussone, 1787-1866, Italian (Napoli) botanist and physician is likely the person honoured in the gastropod name Williamia gussonii (O.G. Costa, 1829) and the bivalve name Spondylus gussonii O.G. Costa, 1829.

Dr. Gunnar Gustafson, (12 Dec.) 1891-1988 (16 Nov. - Lysekil), from Norrbärke, Dalarna, Sweden. His doctoral dissertation 1930 dealt with amphinomids and euphrosynids, inspired by Dr. Axel Wirén, (12 July - Eskilstuna) 1860-1925 (22 Jan. - Uppsala), who in 1908 had succeded Tullberg (q.v.) as professor of zoology in Uppsala and himself - besides his studies of "aplacophorans" - he was mainly interested in polychaetes [Sosanopsis wireni Hessle, 1917, Spinther wireni Hartman, 1948, Marenzelleria wireni Augener, 1913, Tetraclita wireni Nilsson-Cantell, 1921]. After his dissertation until his retirement, Gustafson served as director of the Kristineberg Marin Zoological Station, and aquainted extensive knowledge about the regional marine fauna. He succeded fil. lic. Magnus Aurivillius (q.v.), who had succeded Östergren (q.v.) in 1923, but suddenly died when still young in 1928. After the retirement Gustafson continued working until around 95 years old, but did hardly publish anything [Gunnarea Johansson, 1927, Hymedesmia gustafsoni Alander, 1942].

Lacking information about Gustav in the Indo-West Pacific (South African) pennatularian name Virgularia gustaviana (Herklots, 1863).

Inanidrilus gustavsoni Erséus, 1985 is named for Dr. M. Gustavson, 19??-, "who collected the sediment at the type locality and several other valuable samples, while scuba-diving, during my visit to the Bellair Research Institute in 1979".

Mariana Gutiérrez González, 19??-, is honoured in the polychaete name Magelona marianae Hernández-Alcántara & Solís-Weiss, 2000.

The gastropod name Gibbula guttadauri Philippi, 1836 is likely honouring the Italian botanist, naturalist and monk (abate benedettino) Emiliano Guttadauro, 1759-1836.

Dr. Modest Gutu, (14 Mar. - Lipcani, Bessarabia (now Moldavia)) 1937-, Romanian tanaid specialist at the Muzeum National de Istorie Naturala "Grigore Antipa", Bucarest, who began publishing during the 1970s as a disciple of Bacescu (q.v.) [Pseudosphyrapus gutui Kudinova-Pasternak, 1985, Tanapseudes gutui Hansknecht, Heard, & Bamber, 2002, Julmarichardia gutui Ritger & Heard, 2007].

The gastropod name Onoba guzmani Hoenselaar & Moolenbeek, 1987 is hardly in honour of the pharmacist Anastasio Guzmán, 17??&endash;1807 (died during an expedition to Llanganates in search of Inca gold), from Sevilla, Spain, who in 1801 arrived in Quito, Equador, in order to study chemistry and nature, but possibly Guillermo Guzmán, 19??-, crustacean decapod worker from Universidad Arturo Prat, Chile?

Evgeny Vasilevich Gvozdev (Gvosdev) (12.Dec..- the Pskov region) 1918-, zoologist, parasitologist, Academician of Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences (1979), Honoured Scientist of Science of Kazakhstan, Director of Institute of Zoology of Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences (1971-1988), author and co-author of 180 papers. (Coccidia: Eimeria gvosdevi Davronov, 1993; monogeneans: Dactylogyrus gvosdevi Gussev, 1955, Gyrodactylus gvosdevi Ergens & Kartunova, 1991, Tetraonchus gvosdevi (Spasskii & Roitman, 1958); cestodes: Raillietina gvosdevi Movsesyan, 1968, Wardium gvozdevi Maksimova, 1988; insecta: Chloriona gvosdevi Mityaev, 1980). (Prof. A. Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided all this information in December 2008).

Rev. Prof. Henry Melvill Gwatkin, (30 July - Barrow-on-Soar, Leics.) 1844-1916 (14 Nov.), English theological scholar, who also published on radulae of molluscs and sent to the author specimens of Alectryon gwatkianus Melvill, 1918.

Lacking information about Gwendolyn in the Caribbean polychaete name Phalacrostemma gwendolynae Kirtley, 1994.

Prof. Dr. Gilbert Frank Gwilliam, 19??-, is honoured in the stauromedusan name Manania gwilliami Larson & Fautin, 1989. He defended his PhD thesis on western North American Stauromedusae at the Berkely University in 1956 and worked at the Reed College, Portland Oregon as professor of Biology between 1957-96 until becoming emeritus.

Leonard Gyllenhaal, (3 Dec. - Ribbingsberg, Västergötland) 1752-1842 (13 May - Höberg, Västergötland), Swedish entomologist (primarily a coleopterologist), but rather poor and was forced to work as a military captain, retired in 1799 as a major. A disciple of Linnnaeus and also a Swedenborgian.

Psedocyclopina guentheri Elwers, Arbizu & Fiers, 2001 is named for Sven Günther, 19??-, Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Bremerhaven, who in 1999 together with two colleagues had intermixed the species with P. belgicae (Giesbrecht, 1902).

Günther : (see M'Intosh).

Prof. Dr. Joseph Gærtner, (11 Mar. - Calw area, Würtemberg) 1732-1791 (14 July - Tübingen), physician, who is most well-known for his work "De Fructibus & Seminibus Plantarum", made several discoveries of marine sessile fauna when he visited South England and was elected F.R.S. in 1761. He held a position as professor of Botany from 1768 [Sporochnus gaertneri (S.G. Gmelin) C. Agardh]. His son, Dr. Carl Friedrich von Gærtner, (1 May - Göppingen) 1772-1850 (1 Sep. - Calw), also a physician, published on tunicates in Pallas work "Spicilegica Zoologica" and also published together his father.

Peter Göransson, 1951-, Swedish marine zoologist from Helsingborg.

Dr. h.c. Julius Görges, 1891-1955, German Malacologist.

Götte : (see Goette).

Rev. Johann August Ephraim Göze, (28 Mar.) 1731-1793 (27 June), German naturalist and priest in in Aschersleben. & Quedlinburg. Published i.a. "Entomologische Beyträge zu des Ritter Linné zwölfter Ausgabe des Natursystems" posthumously in 1797. He was the first person, who published on tardigrades. [Goezia Zeder, 1800]. (Dr. Mattias Forshage, Stockholm, kindly provided this information).