Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names. H

Dr. Johann Wilhelm Haacke, (23 Aug. - Cienze, lower Saxony) 1855-1912 (6 Dec. - Lüneburg), German zoologist who had studied at the Univ. of Jena (achieving his PhD in 1878), mainly working on medusae, because he had been a disciple of Haeckel (q.v.). He emigrated to New Zealand in in 1881 and between 1882-84 he was director of the Natural History Museum, Adelaide, Australia, but returned to Germany, becoming director of the zoo in Frankfurt am Main between 1888-93 and later became a Technology University teacher in Darmstadt [Parapercis haackei (Steindachner, 1884)].

Wilhem (sic!) de Haan, (7 Feb. - Amsterdam) 1801-1855 (15 Apr. - Leiden), the first keeper of invertebrates (from 1823) at the Rijksmuseum in Leiden. He specialized in entomology and crustaceology, but had to retire in 1846, when a spinal illness had made him partly paralyzed [Scyllarides haanii (de Haan, 1841)].

Anton Haandrickman, 1910-1983, Dutch malacologist.

Fritz Haas, (4 Jan. - Frankfurt-am-Main) 1886-1969 (26 Dec.), German & U.S. malacologist. He was curator at the Naturmuseum Senckenberg, molluscan department, between 1910-36, succeded by Zilch (q.v.). His teachers were i.a. Oskar Boettger (q.v.) and Wilhelm Kobelt (q.v.). He was forced to remove by the nazists and left for Chicago, where he became Curator of Lower Invertebrates, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago between 1938-1959. His interests were mainly non marine molluscs.

Prof. Georg Haas, (19 Jan. - Wien (Vienna), Austria) 1905-1981 (13 Sep.), Israelic malacologist. He received his education in Vienna, where he attended the local Humanistic Gymnasium, which was followed by a study of zoology and paleontology at the Vienna University. He graduated in 1928 on a thesis dealing with the functional cranial anatomy of primitive snakes. In 1931 he carried out a post-doctoral study on protozoans and their cytology at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin, Germany. After a brief return to Austria, he left for Palestine and joined the staff of the Zoological Department of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in October 1932, where he became one of the foremost zoologists and vertebrate paleontologists of Israel. Till the end of his life he remained active in both fields of teaching and research. Shortly after his arrival in Palestine he started to collect methodically molluscs in the hitherto insufficently known region of the Middle East. This was not an easy task at all. Many regions could not be reached by public transport, while camping in the desert was considered a very dangerous event. The only way to reach the Gulf of Aqaba was to travel from Jerusalem to Amman and from there southwards to Aqaba. Yet he managed to collect a rich amount of land- and freshwater molluscs from all parts of the country. Also the marine molluscs from the Eastern Mediterranean and the Gulf of Aqaba received his attention. A problem formed the identification of the collected material. Without a malacological library this was almost impossible, Therefore hundreds of samples were sent for identifications to J.R. le B. Tomlin (q.v.) in England. These identified samples formed an excellent reference collection on which he based his own identifications. At the same time he started to build up a malacological library and made contacts with numerous well-known malacologists. Through his efforts the Hebrew University received several important mollusc collections from abroad: the G.S. Coen collection (Venice, Italy), the collection of R. Neuville (Jerusalem, Israel & Paris, France) and finely the A. Blok (q.v.) collection (Rottigdean, England). All these collections were accompanied by very rich malacological libraries. Through the efforts of Professor Georg Haas the National Mollusc Collection of the Hebrew University became a centre of malacological activities in the Middle East. Georg Haas wrote 10 papers dealing with molluscs of the Middle East. He was the author of Elia elonensis G. Haas, 1951, an endemic landsnail restricted in its distribution to Israel. So far five mollusc species have been named after him: Truncatellina haasi Venmans, 1957, Cristataria haasi H. Nordsieck, 1971, Elia (Elia) moesta georgi Forcart, 1975, Mathilda haasi Mienis, 1978 and Euchondrus haasi Forcart, 1981. "Haasiana" the Newsletter of the Natural History Collections of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem is dedicated to Georg Haas. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem & Tel Aviv Univ., kindly provided all this information).

Prof. Sir Johann Franz Julius von Haast, (1 May - Bonn) 1822-1887 (16 Aug. - Christchurch, New Zealand), Prussian merchant, who during his journeys developed an interest in Geography and Geology and became a geologist and explorer and in 1858 he was employed by a British merchant company in New Zealand. He i.a. followed the geologist Dr. Christian Gottlob Ferdinand Ritter von Hochstetter, (30 Apr. - Esslingen am Neckar) 1829-1884 (18 July - Wien), in his travels across New Zealand and explored its geography. In 1876 he was elected Professor at the Univ. of New Zealand.

Dr. Tadashige Habe, (31 Mar.) 1916-2001 (29 Dec.), Japanese malacologist at the National Science Museum (Natural History Institute), Tokyo, President of the Malacological Society of Japan. He began publishing in 1939 [Dentiovula tadashigei Cate, 1973, Glycymeris habei Matsuukuma, 1984, Distorsio habei Lewis, 1972, Trypetesa habei Utinomi, 1962, Furukuwaia habei Golikov & Gulbin, 1977, Kochlorine habei Tomlinson, 1963].

The gastropod name Epitonium habeli Dall, 1917 from Galapagos Islands must be a tribute to the Austrian (Vienna) Dr. Habel, 18??-1???, interested i.a. of Galapagos birds and collecting botany on these islands in 1868-69. (There are several uncertainties about this traveler. Some sources say A. Habel, some others Simeon Habel (his most likely name) and there are certain uncertainties about his nationality, although most likely he was Austrian or Austrian-American (from Vienna but possibly partly working in New York or at least landing in New York on his return from the Galapagos), even if many sources say German-American and one source say Swedish and his dates seem to be unknown).

Mr. Shingo Habu, 19??-, from Seta, Japan, amateur malacologist [Kuroshiovolva shingoi Azuma & Cate, 1971, Primovula habui Cate, 1973].

Lacking information about Habut in the gastropod name Entalinopsis habutae T. Kuroda & K. Kikuchi, 1933.

Henry Benedict Hachey, (7 June - West Bathurst) 1901-1985 (24 June - St Andrews), Canadian fisheries biologist.

Lacking information about Hackett in the Galapagos gastropod name Polinices hacketti Marincovich, 1975, but possibly a tribute to the US geologist S.W. Hackett, 19??-,?

Lacking information about Hacks in the abyssal Indo-Pacific enteropneust name Glandiceps hacksi (Marion, 1885), a species capable of swimming around for feeding on phytoplankton.

Mr. Arieh Hadar, 1913-1968, amateur shell collector from Tel Aviv, Israel. He became interested in shell collecting during the early forties. Whenever he had some spare time from his busy work as an accountant, he strolled the Mediterranean beaches of Israel in search for interesting shells. After the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 and after a road was built to Elat, he became also interested in the molluscs of the Red Sea, in particular from the northern part of the Gulf of Aqaba. Later on in the early sixties, after becoming a member of the Conchological Society of Southern Africa (1963-1968), the Malacological Society of California (1965-1968) and the Hawaiian Malacological Society (1965-1968), he started with exchanging material with foreign collectors and institutes. In this way he obtained a fairly large collection of worl-wide Cypraeidae and among others paratypes of Lyncina carneola titan Schilder, 1962 and Latiaxis (Babelomurex) fearnleyi Emerson & D'Attilio, 1965. His local collection of material from the northern tip of the Gulf of Aqaba is of prime importance, because it gives us an idea about the biodiversity of the mollusc fauna in that part of the Red Sea when it was still an unspoiled region. He published only two short notes in Hawaiian Shell News (1967-1968), but shells in his collection or sent by him abroad have been used in articles written by well-known malacologists like Abbott, Cernohorsky, Emerson, Houbrick and Schilder. A marine gastropod from Elat was named after him: Drupa ricinus hadari Emerson & Cernohorsky, 1973. In January 1999 his family donated the collection to the Tel Aviv University. Ever since the Hadar collection has been used intensively for articles written by Heiman (Cypraeidae), Kronenberg (Strombidae: resulting in paratypes of Euprotomus aurora Kronenberg, 2002), Singer (Scaphopoda) and Mienis (numerous faunistic and taxonomic notes). (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem & Tel Aviv Univ., kindly provided this information).

Professor Dr. Alfred Cort Haddon, FRS, (24 May - London) 1855-1940 (20 Apr.). After studies in Cambridge he was appointed professor of Zoology at the Royal College of Science, Dublin in 1880. After a coral reef study trip to Torres Strait, he became interested in the native culture of the region and he changed direction and moved back to Cambridge, arranging the Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to the Torres Straits in 1898-99 [Parazoanthus haddoni, Orthoconchoesia haddoni (Brady & Norman, 1896), Chaetopleura haddoni Winckworth, 1927, Ischnochiton haddoni Pilsbry, Stichodactyla haddoni Saville-Kent, Actinoides haddoni Kwietniewski C. R., 1898, Gyrostoma haddoni Lager E., 1911, Alcyonium haddoni Wright & Studer, 1889]. Haddon became the well-known Professor of Ethnology at Cambridge, where he spent the rest of his life. He was reader in ethnology at Cambridge University between 1904-25. Haddon's daughter, Kathleen Haddon Rishbeth, (Dublin) 1888-1961, like her father, began in zoology - she had studied in Cambridge - and then turned to anthropology. Kathleen published two papers on copepods in 1912, part of a natural history honors degree from Cambridge. She is remembered (in spite of the masculine ending) through Herpyllobius haddoni Lützen, 1964. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided much of this information).

Mrs. Emma Hadfield (née Foster), 18??-19??, wife of Rev. J. Hadfield, collected together with him shells and shell sand on the beaches of the island Lifu, Loyalty Islands. The following marine molluscs were dedicated to her: Mangilia (Glyphostoma) emmae Melvill & Standen, 1895 and Cerithiopsis fosterae Melvill & Standen, 1896. Tornatina hadfieldi Melvill & Standen, 1896 was dedicated to both the Rev. and Mrs. Hadfield. For additional information see Rev. James Hadfield. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv & Jerusalem, kindly provided this information)

Rev. James Arthur Hadfield, 1864-1934, husband of Emma Hadfield (née Foster). The Hadfield's worked as British missionaries on the island Lifu, which formed part of the French Loyalty Islands (1891/3). They got a daughter Frances Ella Hadfield 10 Nov. 1880, who married in 1907 and got 3 daughters, but her husband died in the Titanic accident and she lived in Somerset until she died 7 Dec. 1968. Together with his wife, Rev. Hadfield collected shells and shell sand on the beaches of Lifu. This material was sent to various persons in England: R.D. Darbshire, W. Moss, R. Cairns and the archdeacon Anson. Although the shells were widely distributed amongst friends and schools, a large part of it was studied by Melvill and Standen (1895/6). Numerous new micro-molluscs were described from that material of which most of the types are now in museums in Manchester and Cardiff. However many other samples can also be found in other collections including that of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The latter material had been bought by A. Blok at a public sale at Stevens in London. Blok received also other material collected by the Hadfields from J.R. le B. Tomlin, H. McClelland and other British collectors. The following marine molluscs were named after James Hadfield: Mitra (Costellaria exasperata var. hadfieldi Melvill & Standen, 1895; Pleurotoma (Drillia) hadfieldi Melvill & Standen, 1895 and Cerithiopsis hadfieldi Jay & Drivas, 2002. Tornatina hadfieldi Melvill & Standen, 1896 was dedicated to both the Rev. and Mrs. Hadfield. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv & Jerusalem, kindly provided this information).

Prof. Michael (Mike) Gale Hadfield, 1937-…., zoologist at the University of Hawaii. He is among others specialized in Vermetidae, an interesting group of marine gastropods, planktonic larvae of marine invertebrates and the critically endangered endemic species of the terrestrial snail genus Achatinella living on Hawaii. A Vermetid gastropod from Guam Serpulorbis hadfieldi Kelly, 2007 was named after him. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv & Jerusalem, kindly provided this information and also kindly mentioned that there is probably still a fourth Hadfield, which was honoured in the name Rhytida hadfieldi Powell, 1949, an endemic land snail from New Zealand).

Jovan Hadži, (22 Nov. - Timisoara, Romania) 1884-1972 (11 Dec. Ljubljana), of a Serbian family, from the University of Ljubljana (Yugoslavia/Slovenia) was well-known for his broad thinking on the evolution of life. These thoughts were summarized in the book (English version) (1963) "The Evolution of the Metazoa." He also wrote about freshwater plankton and arachnids. See his biography and publications list in (1954) Biol. Vestnik (Ljubljana) 3. The copepod name Cyclopina hadzii Petkovski, 1955 is named for him and also several other non marine Balkan creatures. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly supplied this information).

Haeckel : (see Greeff).

Ferdinant Carl Valentin Haecker, (15 Sep. - Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary) 1864-1927 (19 Dec. - Halle), from 1900 on, marine biologist and development physiologist in Stuttgart.

The digenean name Steringophorus haedrichi Bray & Campbell, 1995 is honouring Prof. Richard Lee Haedrich, 1938-, an ichthyologist originally at Harvard, then at Newfoundland Institute of Cold Ocean Science, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John's, Newfoundland, Canada. (Dr. Rod Bray kindly provided this information).

Ischnochiton haersoltei Kaas, 1954 was named for Baron Mr. Coenraad Willem Antoni van Haersolte, (9 Mar. - Amhem) 1909-1974 (14 July - Wassenaar), friend of the author.

The nematode name Oncholaimellus vonhaffneri Murphy, 1966 is likely named for Dr. Konstantin von Haffner, 1895-1985, curator at the Zoological Museum in Hamburg between 1928-62.

The fish species Pterygotrigla (Otohime) hafizi Richards, Lato & Last, 2003 is in honour of the Acting Director of the Marine Fisheries Section of the Maldives Mr. Ahmed Hafiz, 19??-.

The diatom name Parlibellus hagelsteinii (Hustedt, 1961-66) Cox, 1988 must honour the algal worker Robert Hagelstein, (16 May - Brooklyn, New York) 1870-1945 (20 Oct. - Mineola, Long Island, New York).

Dr. h.c. Friedrich von Hagenow, (19 Jan. - Gut Langenfelde, Landkreis Grimmen, Vorpommern) 1797-1865 (18 Oct. - Greifswald), German geologist and malacologist.

Dr. Arthur Hagmeier, 1886-1957, director of the Helgoland Laboratory between 1934-53 [Communoporus hagmeieri (Friedrich, 1940), Metepsilonema hagmeieri (Stauffer, 1924)].

The asteroid name Ganeria hahni Perrier, 1891 may likely be a tribute to the Paris Dr. Victor-Lucien Hahn, 18??-19??, thesis in 1897, who published about animals in the Grande Encycl. between 1885-1902. An older namsake was the German zoologist (i.a. spider monographer) Carl Wilhelm Hahn, (16 Dec. - Weingartsgreuth) 1786-1835 (7 Nov. - Nürnberg, from lung problems).

Dr. Janet Haig, (9 May) 1925-1995 (15 Nov., by complications of a broken hip), U.S. anomuran systematics researcher, dealing with hermit crabs and particularly Porcellanidae [Propagurus haigae (McLaughlin, 1997), Oncoipagurus haigae (De Saint Laurent, 1972), Calcinus haigae Wooster, 1984, Paralomis haigae Eldredge 1976].

Jules Haime, 1824-1856, French naturalist, who published on "Polypiers" together with H. Milne Edwards in 1848-49 and later followed his friend Henri de Lacaze-Duthiers (q.v.) to the Balearic Islinds to study marine life [Gasterostomum haimeanus (Lacaze-Duthiers, 1854), Psammocora haimeana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851, Bucephalus haimeanus (Lacaze-Duthiers, 1854), Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866].

Dr. Eduardo Carlos Meduna Hajdu, 1964-, is a Brazilian spongologist, who was educated at São Paulo University and the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Eduardo got his PhD at the University of Amsterdam after a four year study of Mycale species of the southern continents. Eduardo is now (1998) employed at the Natural History Museum of Rio de Janeiro [Stelletta eduardoi Desqueyroux-Faundez & Van Soest, 1997, Stelletta hajdui Lerner & Mothes, 1999]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

Falcidens halanychi Schander, A. Scheltema & D. Ivanov, 2006 is in honour of Prof. Dr. Kenneth M. Halanych, (Baltimore) 1966-, Woods Hole & Auburn Univ., Alabama, who achieved his Ph.D. in Zoology from Univ. of Texas in 1994.

The guitar fish name Rhinobatos halavi (Forsskål, 1775) is not honouring a person's name, but Forsskål had noted the Arabic form halavi for a fish species, which is the same word as some old Greeks used as ?λαβης or Plinius as Alabeta.

The Irish entomologist James Nathaniel Halbert, (30 Aug.) 1871-1948 (7 May - Dalkey, Dublin), published on (marine and terrestrial) Acarina from the Clare Island Survey in 1915.

Prof. Samuel Stehman Haldeman, (12 Aug. - Locust Grove) 1812-1880 (10 Sep. - Chickies, Pa.), US (Chicquesalunga) Malacologist, Prof. of natural science, then Prof. of comparative philology, mainly at the Univ. of Pennsylvania.

Herbert Mathew Hale, (3 June - North Adelaide) 1895-1963 (3 Sep.), began at the South Australian Museum in 1914, was the Director's Assistant from July 1917, Assistant in Zoology from 1922, Zoologist (Crustacea) from 1925, Museum Curator (director) 1928-60, when he retired. He was mainly interested in Cumacea, but also published on e.g. decapods [Urohaustorius halei Sheard, 1936, Munna halei Menzies, 1952].

Alessandro Halgass, 19??-, Roma, Italian malacolologist [Alvania hallgassi Amati & Oliverio, 1985].

Alexander Henry Haliday, (21 Nov. - Holywood, County Down) 1807-1870 (Lucca, Italy), well-known Irish entomologist [Anceus halidaii : Bate & Westwood, 1868 (probably a synonym of another species of Gnathia )]. Haliday became as a boy a lifelong friend of Robert Templeton (q.v.), although they did not see each other after 1833 because of Templeton's traveling as an army surgeon.

The diatom name Navicula halinae Witkowsky, Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin, 2000 is dedicated to the author's colleague Prof. Dr. Halina Piekarek-Jankowska, (8 Mar.) 1948-, from the Institute of Oceanography, Univ. of Gdansk.

Mr. Marshall Hall, (6 Feb. - London) 1831-1896 (14 Apr. - Parkstone, between Bournemouth and Poole), F.G.S., Captain in the Royal East Middlesex Militia, educated at Eton & Caius College, Cambridge, but never practised as a barrister, because he from childhood showed a liking for science, especially chemistry and mineralogy and became skilled with the microscope, although tis favourite hobby was mountaineering. Owner of the yacht "Norna", who in the summer of 1870 devoted his yacht to deep-sea dredging during a cruise along the coasts of Spain and Portugal. Saville-Kent (q.v.), who took part in the cruise together with Edward Fielding (who had been in company with MacAndrew during an earlier dredging expedition in the Red Sea, from which the molluscs were described by H. Adams in 1871), reported from this cruise. Hall published "On Glacier Observations" in 1891 after having resided in Switzerland with his family from 1878-1884. Hall's father and identical namesake was a well-known British physician and physiologist and lived between (18 Feb.) 1790-1857 (11 Aug.) and coined the word reflex in neurology [Mycale marshallhalli (Saville-Kent, 1870)].

The gastropod name Colus halli (Dall, 1873) may likely be a tribute the geologist and State Palaeontologist of the State of New York, James Hall, (12 Sep. . Hingham, Massachusetts) 1811-1898 (7 Aug. - Bethlehem, New Hampshire), of Albany, who also published on molluscs.

The tunicate name Corella halli Kott, 1951 has nothing at all to do with the ornithologist Robert Hall, (19 Oct. - Lal Lal (close to Ballarat), Victoria, Australia) 1867-1949 (19 Sep. - New Norfolk, Tasmania), who worked as curator at the Tasmanian Museum and Botanical Gardens 1908-12, but the species was described from the English Channel and Kott explaind that the species was named for Major H.W. Hall, M.C., 1???-19??, owner of London Brick Company, who has made his motor-yacht Manihine (a re-built 110 ft long steel trawler, which he owned between 1945-1955) available to the British Museum for collecting and that the specimen comes from the Manihine collections of the British Museum (Natural History). The same yacht was also used during the winter 1948-49 in a collecting expedition to the Gulf of Aqaba, when Major Hall and his wife took part of the expedition and the fish species Oxymonacanthus halli N. B. Marshall 1952 was named for him.

Dr. Dennis Norman Frederick Hall, (25 Nov.) 1923-2005 (18 July), is the person honoured in the penaeid name Hymenopenaeus halli Bruce, 1966. He worked in Singapore in the mid-50's (where I was born (says his son Dr. Martin Hall, entomologist at the British Museum of Natural History, who kindly provided this information after that one of his two brothers had found the eponym in this list)) on prawn biology and taxonomy.  He went on to become the Principal Overseas Fisheries Advisor to the British Government following a spell as Director of the East African Fisheries Research Organisation, Zanzibar.

Thorkil Erling Hallas, 1943-, Danish zoologist, working with noxious animals, like mites, but he has also worked on marine tardigrades [Bathyechiniscus hallasi (Kristensen, 1977), Styraconyx hallasi Kristensen, 1977].

The California round stingray name Urobatis halleri (Cooper, 1863) was named by the medical Doctor J. G. Cooper. While at San Diego Bay in 1862, he attended the young son of Major G. O. Haller, U.S.A., who had been wounded in the foot while wading along the muddy shore. Cooper believed that the wound had been inflicted by one of the small abundant round stingrays and after examining some of the rays, he published the first species description.

Prof. Dr. Paul Hallez, (10 Sep. - Lille) 1846-1938 (2 Nov. - Lille), French platyhelminth researcher, successor of Alfred Giard (q.v.) as professor of mineralogy and geology. [Obrimoposthia hallezi (Böhmig, 1908), Timea hallezi (Topsent, 1891), Procerastea halleziana Malaquin, 1893, Scaptognathus hallezi Trouessart, 1894].

Jónas Hállgrimsson, (16 Nov. - Eyjafjardarsysla) 1807-1845 (26 May - Copenhagen, Denmark), Icelandic poet and natural researcher.

The civil engineer and hydrographer Gerald Harnett Halligan, (21 Apr. - Glebe, New South Wales) 1856-1942 (23 Nov. - Killara, New South Wales), is honoured in the Australian gastropod name Seila halligani Ch. Hedley, 1905 and in Sansonia halligani (Hedley, 1899). He was considered as a specialist in oceanography and i.a. he supervised the coral borings during the Funafuti atoll expedition.

The spongiologist Edward Francis Hallmann, 1880?-1939?, B.Sc., Australian Museum, Sydney, (Linnean Macleay fellow in zoology 1912-18) is honoured in the sponge name Hymedesmia hallmanni Topsent, 1928. [Hallmannia Burton, 1931]. Hallmann published at least between 1912-20.

The Papuan epaulette shark name Hemiscyllium hallstromi Whitley, 1967 must be a tribute to Sir Edward John Lees Hallstrom, (25 Sep. - near Coonamble, New South Wales) 1886-1970 (27 Feb. - Northbridge, New South Wales), Australian businessman (mainly in the refrigerator business), philantropist and amateur zoologist, i.a. ichthyologist. The ichthyologist Gilbert Percy Whitley, (9 June - Swaythling, England) 1903-1975 (July - Mosman, New South Wales), himself published an obituary of Hallstrom in 1970.

Dr. Jerald A. Halpern, 1958?-, US marine biologist, is honoured in the asteroid name Tamaria halperni Downey, 1971. Also an asteroid orbiting the sun is wearing his name.

The octocoral name Sinularia halversoni Verseveldt, 1974 is in honour of one of the collectors, Mr. Robert C. Halverson, 19??-, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA, who together with Dr. A. G. Humes (q.v.), had collected the material in the neighbourhood of Nouméa.

The flatworm name Halvorsenius Gibson, MacKenzie & Cottle, 1981 is in honour of Professor Dr. Odd Halvorsen, 19??-, University of Tromso, "in recognition of his major contributions to our knowledge of fish helminthology". Beside fishes, Halvorsen also has worked on parasites of other animals, and is the person, who explained the red nose of Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer.

Lacking information about Hamamoto in the gastropod name Conus hamamotoi Yoshiba & Koyama, 1984.

Jeff Hamann, 19??-, US malacologist and underwater photographer, who found specimens of Gastropteron hamanni Gosliner 1989. Also the nudibranch Flabellina hamanni Gosliner, 1994 is named for him.

Iwao Hamatani, 1930-, Japanese opistobranch researcher at the Isaka Osaka Kyoiky University, Osaka. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided the date).

Gontran Georges Henri Hamel, 1883-1944, French botanist / algologist [Corynophlaea hamelii Feldmann].

Victor François Eugène Auguste Hamille, (30 Sep. - Montreuil sur mer) 1812-1885 (20 Nov. - Douai), French advocate, politician (i.a. director of Ecclesiastical matters from 1862-1870) and malacologist, is honoured in the gastropod names Nebularia hamillei Petit de la Saussaye, 1851, Phenacolepas hamillei (Fischer, 1857) and Voluta hamillei Crosse, 1869. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided the dates).

Lacking information about Hamilton in the Antarctic cephalopod name Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni Robson, 1925 (a very large squid from considerable depths, which can reach at least 20 m length including arms and tentacles and around 750 kg of weight, so it is our largest species of cephalopods; Guy Coburn Robson (in Annals and Magazine of Natural History (series 9) 16: 272-277) described not a complete specimen, but had access to two tentacles found in the stomach of a sperm whale, so this Hamilton may have been a whale hunter), and in the New Zealandic bivalve name Yoldiella hamiltoni A. W. B. Powell, 1935. Possibly the honoured person in the last of these names may be the Australian shoolteacher and naturalist Alexander Greenlaw Hamilton, (14 Apr. - Bailieborough, Cavan, Ireland) 1852-1941 (21 Oct. - Tanandra, Chatswood), who had moved to New South Wales as a young teenager in 1866 with his parents or perhaps William John Warburton Hamilton, (Little Chart Rectory, Kent) 1825-1883 (6 Dec. - Dampier Bay, New Zealand), British surveyor and explorer, who had left England for Sydney at age 18, who met Capt. FitzRoy (q.v.) on board the ship on his way to New Zealand as a newly appointed Governor and FitzRoy offered the boy to be his private secretary, which the boy accepted, and who later made explorations i.a. together with J.L. Stokes (q.v.). A namesake was William John Hamilton, 1805-1877, who studied geology with Murchison (q.v.) and was president of the Geological Society in 1851 and 1865 and was very interested in recent Mollusca.

The Macquarie Island polychaete Polycirrus hamiltoni Benham, 1921 was taken by the "Aurora" during summer cruise, when Mr. John George Hunter, 1888-1964, biologist from Sydney, wo also took part in Mawson's Antarctic Expedition (and who later became a medical practitioner), assisted by the biologist Mr. Harold Hamilton, (Napier, New Zealand) 1885-1937 (Rotorua), was on board, so the last one is the honoured person. Mr. Hamilton was sojourning during nearly two years at the Macquarie Island.

Dr. Francis Hamilton, (15 Feb.) 1762-1829 (15 June), who initially named himself Francis Buchanan, Scottish physician, who collected and described i.a. plants and fishes (usually not marine) in India and surrounding regions, while living there.

The copepod name Paradiosaccus hamiltoni (Thompson & A. Scott, 1903) is honouring "Colonel Hamilton, a former inspector of the pearl banks" in the Gulf of Manaar, Ceylon. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Regarding the East African nudibranch name Chromodoris hamiltoni Rudman, 1977: "This species is named in memory of my friend and colleague, the late Hamish G. H. Hamilton, M.Sc., my first graduate student, who was tragically killed in an accident 2 days before his graduation ceremony" (Dr. Gary McDonald, Santa Cruz, California kindly provided this information).

The diatom name Navicula hamiltonii Witkowski, Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin, 2000 is dedicated to the author's colleague Dr. Paul B. Hamilton, 19??-, from Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa.

Lacking information about Hamlin in the gastropod name Finella hamlini Bartsch, 1911, but possibly a tribute to the US malacologist Charles Edward Hamlin, (4 Feb. - Augusta, Maine) 1825-1886 (3 Jan. - Cambridge, Mass.), connected with the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard Univ., or possibly instead a tribute to Mr. Homer Hamlin, (27 Aug. - Pine Island, Minnesota) 1864-1920 (14 May - Washington, D.C.), a Los Angeles city engineer, interested in palaeontology?

Hammer : (see Ascanius).

The cowry name Purpuradusta hammondae (Iredale, 1939) is in honour of Mrs Hammond, 1???-, Australian shell collector.

Dr. Richard Hamond, 193?-, worked on copepods at Plymouth and in Australia. His earliest papers (since 1961) were on the copepods from Norfolk, England, to where he has returned in retirement. The genus Hamondia Huys, 1990 is named for him, as are several species of copepods, for example Entobius hamondi Gotto, 1966, Heterolaophonte hamondi Hicks, 1975 and Impexus hamondi Kabata, 1972. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

The gastropod name Turbonilla hamonvillei Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1896 is honouring baron Jean Charles Louis Tardif d'Hamonville, 1830-1899 (17 Nov.), who published about European birds and also two papers on Tonkin molluscs together with his close friend Dautzenberg (q.v.). (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided some of this information).

The isopod name Prochelator hampsoni Hessler, 1970, the copepod name Undinella hampsoni Grice, 1970 are both in honour of George R. Hampson, (Holyoke, Massachusetts) 193?-, marine biologist and oceanographer emeritus at Woods Hole and the bryozoan name Nolella hampsoni d'Hondt & Hayward, 1981 and the bivalve name Ledella pustulosa hampsoni Allen & Hannah, 1989 are likely honouring the same person.

Albany Hancock : (see Alder).

Epitonium hancocki Dushane 1970, Tesseracme hancocki Emerson, 1956, the foraminiferan Lagenammina hancocki (Cushman & McCulloch, 1948) and likely the bivalve Verticordia hancocki Bernard, 1969, the tanaid Synapseudes hancocki Menzies, 1953, the polychaete Artacamella hancocki Hartman, 1955 and the polyclade Stylochoplana hancocki Hyman, 1953 were named after the wealthy US Captain George Allan Hancock, (26 July - San Francisco) 1875-1965 (31 May - at his home Rosemary Farm, California), who, with his oceanographic research vessels, Velero III and IV (the last one built in 1948), (and before that with Velero and Velero II) undertook numerous expeditions to the tropical eastern Pacific (& an Atlantic expedition in 1939). He had become rich when oil was detected in the family property and Dr. Irene McCulloch (q.v.) was the person who got him interested in marine science, but he simultaneously since childhood was very interested in music and and played the cello in the Los Angeles Symphony Orchestra. In 1928 he had established the Hancock School of Aeronautics. Later he donated land, buildings and books to the USC. See also McCulloch for more information regarding Allan Hancock Foundation and the Hancock Library. Also the gastropod names Natica sagittata hancockae A.W.B. Powell, 1971 and Terebra hancocki Bratcher & R.D. Burch, 1970, the scaphopod name Dentalium hancocki W. K. Emerson, 1956, the bivalve name Lithophaga hancocki Soot-Ryen, 1955, the Galapagos crab name Glyptoxanthus hancocki Garth, 1939, the scleractinian name Sphenotrochus hancocki Durham & Barnard, 1952 and likely the amphipod name Alania hancocki (Hurley 1956) are honouring the same person. (Leslie Harris, Los Angeles, kindly provided information connecting some of the taxon names with the correct person).

Prof. Dr. Cadet Hammond Hand Jr., (23 Apr. - Patchogue, Long Island, New York) 1920-2006 (29 Nov. - Salmon Creek close to Bodega Bay, California), US cnidariologist, working on actiniarians and hydroids at the Bodega Marine Laboratory, California, where he also was founding director until he became emeritus researcher [Anthopleura handi Dunn D. F., 1978, Manania handi Larson & Fautin, 1989]. The library at the Bodega Laboratory is (from 1996) named the Cadet Hand Library. He also had a life long interest in mollusks. After graduation in biology at the Univ. of Connecticut in 1946, he went to California and the Univ. of Berkeley to start a graduate work under Light (q.v.), and after Light's death in 1947 under Smith (q.v.). He was i.a. the first to show that the odd looking Tetraplatia was a hydroid - later showing to be a Narcomedusa related to Aeginidae.

Lieutenant-Colonel Handoko , 19??-, commander of the Indonesian R/V "Baruna Jaya I", is honoured in the crab name Ketamia handokoi Tavares, 1993. There is also an Indonesian Mud Crab researcher W. Handoko, 19??-,.

The holothurian Apsolidium handrecki O'Loughlin & O'Hara, 1992 and the hermit crab Pagurixus handrecki Gunn & Morgan, 1992 are named in honour of Mr. Clarrie Handreck, 1936-, a retired primary school principal; long standing & highly respected volunteer at 'Museum Victoria'; member of the 'Field Naturalist Club of Victoria (Marine Research Group)'; & 'Malacological Society of Australasia'. Clarrie has made an enormous contribution towards promoting a greater awareness of environmental issues affecting our coastal environment. As a member of the 'Marine Research Group', he has played a pivotal role in organising & participating in many of the groups field & research activities. Along with fellow 'MRG' members, Clarrie was involved with the publication of 'Coastal Invertebrates of Victoria'. He was the driving force behind the collection, collation and analysis of the mass of information gathered by naturalists and scientists along the Victorian coastline. This invaluable field guide still stands as a much used reference covering the region. Clarrie has inspired local communities, school children, scientists and naturalists, to take an active role in the protection of our marine environment. In 2001, he was honoured with a "High Commendation" in the category of "Lifetime Achievement" at the "2001 Victorian Coastal Awards for Excellence". (Chris Rowley, Collection Manager - Marine Invertebrates, Sciences Department, Museum Victoria, kindly provided all this information).

The gastropod name Urosalpinx haneti S. Petit De La Saussaye, 1856 is a tribute to Petit's friend the commandant M. Hanet-Ciéry, 18??-1???, "officier supérieur de la marine". (See also the entry under Cléry for the same person).

Dr. Karl Richard Hanitsch, (22 Dec. - Grossenstein, Germany) 1860-1940 (11 Aug. - Oxford), published on sponges in Liverpool journals during the last two decades of the 19:th century. However, between 1895-1919 he worked at the Raffles Museum, Singapore, mainly on entomology, but also on birds, amphibians and reptiles [Lissomyxilla hanitschi Kirkpatrick, 1907].

Sylvanus Charles Thorp Hanley, (7 Jan. - Oxford) 1819-1899 (5 Apr. - Penzance), British malacologist, who also published several workes using the pseudonym Charles Thorpe. [Nucula hanleyi Winckworth, 1931, Hanleya hanleyi Bean in Thorpe, 1844, Vexillum hanleyi (Dohrn, 1862), Bedeva hanleyi (G. F. Angas, 1867), Ceratostoma hanleyi Ph. Dautzenberg, 1887, Donax hanleyanus Philippi, 1836, Trochus hanleyanus Reeve, 1842, Leiosolenus hanleyanus L. A. Reeve, 1857, Modiolus hanleyi R. W. Dunker, 1882].

Dr. G Dallas Hanna, (24 Apr. - Carlisle, Arkansas) 1887-1970 (20 Nov.), US paleontologist-malacologist with the California Academy of Sciences who specialized in diatoms and other microscopic invertebrates (mainly fossil, but also recent), and also made contributions in ornithology, mammalogy, geology, paleontology, and optics; he published over 400 papers and contibutions. Hanna's first initial does not stand for anything, and should not be followed by a period. His father was Franklin Pierce Douglas Hanna, 1858-1921, and his mother was Rosanna Martha Bateman, 1862-1953. One of his eight siblings was Marcus Albert Hanna, 1898-1978, a paleontologist who co-authored some papers with him. He received his bachelor's degree from the University of Kansas in 1911 and went to work for the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries in Alaska, first studying wildlife resources at Nushagak on Bristol Bay during 1911-1913, then teaching school and censusing fur seals in the Pribilof Islands intermittently during 1913-1918. While in the Pribilofs, he studied a deposit of fossil diatoms on St. Paul Island in 1916, and he invented a new type of "mechanical finger" for his microscope to better manipulate individual diatoms for viewing. He received his Doctor of Philosophy degree (Ph.D.) from George Washington University (Washington, D.C.) in 1919; his dissertation was entitled The Alaskan Fur Seal. That same year he was appointed Curator of Invertebrate Paleontology at the California Academy of Sciences (San Francisco, California) by Director Barton W. Evermann (q.v.). His expeditions with the Academy include: Guadalupe Island, Mexico (1922); Revillagigedo Islands, Mexico (1925); and Orca Expedition to the Gulf of California (1953). His interest in diatoms and microscopic invertebrates had an application in the oil business (the correlation of geological strata), and he did consulting work for oil companies, including leading geological expeditions to Alaska in 1937 and 1938, and he pioneered the systematic study of the foraminifera of oil well core samples. He invented two special, high refractive index synthetic resins for mounting diatom specimens, Hydrax and Pleurax. In summer 1955, he served as Director of the Naval Arctic Research Laboratory at Barrow, Alaska, then returned in summer 1956 as a special investigator for a year. A member of various organizations, he served as President of the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists (1932-1933) and of the Society for Sedimentary Geology. He received the California Academy of Sciences' highest honor, the Fellows' Medal in 1967, and he was a Fellow of the British Royal Microscopical Society. His papers are with the California Academy of Sciences (including his unpublished 1930 519-page index to literature on diatoms of the American west, "An Index to West American Diatoms", and his unpublished 1938 470-page continuation of Adolf Schmidt's index to literature on the diatoms of the world, "An Index to Atlas der Diatomaceen-Kunde, by Adolf Schmidt"). A short biography by G Dallas Hanna appeared in The Nautilus, Vol. 65, No. 1 (27 Aug 1951), p. 28-30. [Onchidiopsis hannai (Dall, 1916), Dentalium hannai (Baker, 1925), Triphora hannai F. Baker, 1926, Elphidiella hannai (Cushman & Grant, 1927), Orthonotacythere hannai (Israelsky, 1929), Rissoina hannai A.G. Smith & Gordon, 1948, Punctum hannai (Roth, 1985), possibly Palaeocaudina hannai (Croneis in Croneis & McCormack, 1932) (one or a few of these names may possibly honour his brother)] (Don Cunningham (NFESC) kindly provided most of this information).

Dr. Dag Lennart Hannerz, (30 June) 1922-, zoologist who defended his doctoral thesis on spionids (larval development) in Uppsala in 1956. He worked on fisheries biology in Lysekil until 1963. He was responsible for the research activities at the Swedish Environmental Board during some years, and was director of the Swedish Fishery Board. After retirement he moved to Skillinge, Österlen (east Scania) in southern Sweden.

Lacking information about Hannibal in the monogenean name Heteraxinoides hannibali Euzet & Ktari, 1970. Possibly Harold Briggs Hannibal, 1889-1965, who published on Californian fresh water molluscs, may be the honoured person or possibly Joseph T. Hannibal, 19??-, geologist / palaeontologist at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History?

Dr. Joseph Désiré Hannon, (13 Nov. - Bruxelles) 1822-1870 (23 Aug. - Bruxelles), physician and botanist, who published "Flore Belge", Bruxelles, 1847-49 is likely the person honoured in the gastropod name Turbonilla hannoni Pallary, 1920 and the pantopod genus Hannonia Hoek, 1881, because Hannon also made zoological collecting travels.

The gastropod name Cerodrillia hannyae de Jong & Coomans, 1988 is named after Hanny Kemper-de Jong, 19??- daughter of the first author.

The hydroid genus Hansiella Bouillon, 1980 may possibly be a tribute to Prof. Dr. Hans Mergner, (8 May - Lemgo) 1917-2005 (22 Mar.), who worked on embryonal development of hydroids at the Univ. of Tübingen?

Hans in the nudibranch name Hoffmannola hansi Marcus & Marcus, 1967 : (see Hans Hoffmann).

Col. George Allen Hanselman, 1910-2001 (Dec.), of San Diego, California, who was very interested in chitons, is honoured in the polyplacophoran names Chaetopleura hanselmani Ferreira, 1982, described from the Galapagos Islands and Placiphorella hanselmani Clark, 1994 from Baja California.

Dr. Bent Hansen, 1925-1988 (17 July), Danish specialist on holothuroids, working at the Zoological Museum, København (Copenhagen), also being the librarian of the museum [Hansenothuria Miller & Pawson, 1989 benti Miller & Pawson, 1989].

Dr. Emil Christian Hansen, (8 May - Ribe) 1842-1909 (27 Aug.), Danish botanist and microbiologist, PhD in 1879. He worked at the Carlsberg Laboratories and reformed the brewery technics via clean yeast cultures [Debaromyces hansenii (Zopf, 1889) Lodder & Kreger-van Rij, 1984, Hanseniaspora Zikes, 1911 & Hansenula H. & P. Sydow, 1919].

The flatworm name Pseudanthobothrium hanseni Baer, 1956 from Amblyraja radiata, may possibly be a tribute to Dr. Merle F. Hansen, 19??-, of Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, Kansas, who published on Cestoda during the 1940s to the 1970s.

Mrs. G. Hansen, 19??-, collected specimens of Vexillum hansenae Cernohorsky, 1973 at Augusta (SW Australia). This person may possibly be identical to Mrs. G.M. Hansen, who provided material of Splendrillia hansenae Wells, 1990.

Dr. Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen: (see Danielssen) [Armaueria Brinkmann, 1917].

Dr. Gayle I. Hansen, 19??-, phycologist who grew up in Virginia. She later moved to Oregon (after shorter stays in British Columbia and Washington), working at Hatfield Marine Science Center, Newport, Oregon, specialized in NW Pacific algae, is honoured in the algal genus name Gayliella T.O. Cho, L. McIvor & S.M. Boo, 2008

Dr. Hans Jacob Hansen, (10 Aug. - Bellinge) 1855-1936 (26 June - Gentofte), (alias "Flue-Hansen" - the Danish word flue means a fly - because of his doctoral dissertation on the mouth-parts of flies), very productive Danish specialist on arthropods, disciple of Schiødte (q.v.). He treated large amounts of expedition material of several crustacean groups and participated 1895 himselself in the Danish Ingolf Expedition [Hansenium, Hansenomysis Stebbing, 1893, Clypeoniscus hanseni, Hansenulus Heron & Damkaer, 1986, Pareuchaeta hanseni (With, 1915), Choniostoma hanseni Giard & Bonnier, 1889, Metacirolana hanseni (Bonnier, 1896), Munna hanseni Stappers, 1911, Exiliniscus hanseni (Just, 1970), Eurycope hanseni Ohlin, 1901, Clypeoniscus hanseni Giard & Bonnier, 1895, Ischyrocerus hanseni Stephensen,1944, possibly Oonautes hanseni Damas, 1936, Anoediceros hanseni Pirlot, 1932, Anamixis hanseni Stebbing, 1897, Leviapseudes hanseni (Lang, 1968), Eucopia hanseni Nouvel, 1942, Anoplocopea hanseni Racovitza, 1908, Cymodoce hanseni Dumay, 1972, Euphausia hanseni Zimmer, 1915, Lucifer hanseni Nobili, 1905, Pseudochalaraspidum hanseni Birstein & Tchindonova, 1962, Boreomysis hanseni Holmquist, 1956, possibly Boreomysis jacobi Holmquist, 1956]. Hansen married Sofie Jacobsen, 1857-1940, a Danish entomologist in 1883, but they divorced after 7 years and in 1892 she remarried to Ove George Rostrup, an agricultural plant specialist.

Prof. Anton(in) Hansgirg, (16 July - Praha) 1854-1917 (15 Feb.), Czeck botanist (algologist).

The gastropod name Olea hansineensis Agersborg, 1923 is a tribute to the mother of the author, Dr. Helmer Pareli von Wold Kjerschow Agersborg, (26 Oct. - Gjersvik, Soerfjorden in Roedoey, Norway) 1881-1960 (16 Jan. - Centralia, Illinois), from Illinois, who had Norwegian origin before emigrating to USA in 1906. His mother was Hansine Marie Zahl Hansdatter, 1856-19?? (likely in Trondheim, because the parents sold the farm in Roedoey during the first years of the 20:th century and moved to Trondheim).

The sea anemone Actinodendron hansingorum Carlgren, 1900, of which the type species was collected in East Africa by Dr. Franz Stuhlmann in 1888-89, of Würzburg, likely must have something to do with the large German (Hamburg) trading house Hansing & Co, established on Zanzibar during this time, possibly dredged by some of the firm's ships.

Olavius (Coralliodriloides) hanssoni Erséus, 1985 is named for Mr. B. Hansson, 19??-, Honiara, Solomon Islands, who collected the type material.

Carl August Hansson, 1857-1906 (6 Jan.), son of a rope maker in Strömstad, Sweden and became himself a rope maker, initially working together with his father, who did not allow his son any other education. However, he was interested in natural history and between 1859-69 he was partly educated by a local physician, Dr. Carl Cederström, who shared the same interest. He learned to preserve animals in Kristiania (Oslo) and after this he was called "konservator" (meaning curator / taxidermist). He published some papers about insects, herbs and marine life of the area, founded a small local natural history museum (which in 1932 was completely destroyed by fire) and took part in a Swedish collecting expedition (directed by the geologist Prof. Dr. h.c. Baron Gerard Jakob De Geer, (2 Oct. - Stockholm) 1858-1943 (23 July)) to Spitzbergen in 1896 and was leader of a Swedish hydrographical expedition with the German trawler "Betty" in 1903.

Hans Gunnar Hansson, (21 Aug. - Lysekil) 1945-, grown up at the Skagerrak island of (Bohus-)Malmön off central Bohuslän (reputed to be the most widely spread island in the world, because of the former stone industry of the island, making it easy to feel at home when walking on pavings from the island in cities in different parts of the world), PhD honoris causa at the Univ. of Göteborg and the compiler of this list. Working at TMBL (Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory - now named Sven Lovén Center for Marine Sciences, Tjärnö) during more than 40 years and interested in the marine fauna of Northern Europe as well as general natural history and e.g. history of marine biological research [Eulalia hanssoni Pleijel, 1987, Liostomia hansgei Warén, 1991, Proceraea hanssoni Nygren, 2004].

Prof. Dr. Bertil Hanström, (20 Nov. - Kalmar) 1891-1969 (17 July), PhD in Stockholm in 1920, Professor of zoology in Lund, Sweden from 1930 (succeeding.H. Wallengren (q.v.)) until 1957, when he retired. During his youth he was often together with his friend Gislén (q.v.), who later became a colleauge of him as professor in Lund. Mainly working on sensory organs of invertebrates, mainly arthropods, but later also on the hypophysis of vertebrates [Stenhelia (Delavalia) hanstroemi Lang, 1948, Viscosia hanstroemi Wieser, 1953, Hemikalliapseudes hanstroemi Lang, 1956].

The diatom genus name Hantzschia A. Grunow, 1877 must honour the algal researcher Carl August Hantzsch, 1825-1886.

Hanumantha Rao : (see Rao).

Prof. Dr. Shoshiro Hanzawa, (1 Sep. - Sendai City) 1896-1983 (a memorial volume arrived in 1960 when he retired), Japanese micropaleontologist, is honoured in the foraminiferan name Tosaia hanzawai Takayanagi, 1953 and also several other marine creature names among anthozoans, brachiopods, bryozoans, gastropods and bivalves have been named for him.

Lacking information about M. Hara, 18??-19??, in the polychaete name Maldanella harai (Izuka, 1902).

Harald : (see Kylin or Rehder).

Dr. Hervé Antoine Harant, 1901-1986, French doctor of medicine (dissertation 1929 in Montpellier on hirudineans) and natural sciences (dissertation 1931 in Paris on ascidians and their parasites) [Mesoikopleura haranti (Vernières, 1934), Polysyncraton haranti Lafargue, 1975, Notodelphys haranti Illg & Dudley, 1961].

Dr. Miroslav George (Jerry) Harasewych, 1949-, at the Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., is honoured in the gastropod names Pyruella harasewychi Petuch,1982, Falsilyria harasewychi Petuch, 1987, Harasewychia Petuch, 1987 harasewychi Petuch, 1987, Muricantharus harasewychi Petuch, 1987, Conus harasewychi Petuch, 1987, Murexsul harasewychi Petuch, 1987, Boreotrophon harasewychi Petuch, 1988, Ecphora (Ecphora) rikeri harasewychi Petuch, 1988, Scalaspira harasewychi Petuch, 1988 & Arctomelon harasewychi Oleinik, 1996.

Lacking information about Harass in the polychaete name Eunice harassii Audouin & H. Milne-Edwards, 1833. Of course Harass sounds like a strange personol name, so possibly it may instead be a geographical name, like Jiddat el-Harassis (near the Gulf of Oman) or something similar, which is beyond this taxon name?

Dr. Johann Dietrich Franz Hardenberg, 1902-????, Dutch entomologist.(who also published on fisheries) PhD in Utrecht in 1927 [Acromitus hardenbergi Stiasny, 1934].

Dr. John Philip Harding, 1911-1998, Zoology keeper at the British museum (Nat. Hist.) helped the author of the copepod name Phyllopodopsyllus hardingi (Roe, 1955) [Miropandalus hardingi A.J. Bruce, 1983 is likely named for the same person]. Harding married in 1937 Sidnie Manton (q.v.), becoming a widower when she died in the beginning of 1979.

Mr. W.A. Harding, 18??-19??, colonial manager of the Falkland Isl. Company and provisional Consul for Sweden [Limopsis hardingii Melvill & Standen, 1904].

Dr. Gareth C.H. Harding, (23 July) 1942-, in his thesis in 1966 at McGill University, Montreal, Canada, he figured a calanoid copepod species "unidentified sp. B", which later was named Arctokonstantinus hardingi Markhaseva & Kosobokova, 2001. Later working at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Halifax, on marine ecology.

Harding : (see also Harding B. Owre).

Lacking information about the eponyms in the penaeid name Parapenaeopsis hardwickii (Miers, 1878) and in the cephalopod names Octopus hardwickei Gray, 1849 and Loliolus hardwickei (Gray, 1849). Possibly Robert Hardwicke, (2 Oct. - Dyke, near Bourne, Lincolnshire) 1822-1875 (8 Mar.), who was interested in botany and became a publisher of biological and medical books, may be the honoured person. He was a close friend of Edwin Lankester (see the son Ray Lankester) and the mycologist Cooke (q.v.).He became a Fellow of the Linnean Society and was one of the founders of the Quekett Microscopical Club. However the names authored by Gray are more likely honouring Major-General Thomas Hardwicke, (likely the Fen District of Cambridgeshire & Lincolnshire) 1756-1835 (3 Mar. - Lambeth), FLS & FRS, who also was a very interested naturalist. He served with the East India Company for 45 years and i.a. collected reptiles in India, and published on them in 1827 together with Gray (q.v.).

Professor Sir Alister Clavering Hardy, (10 Feb. - Nottingham) 1896-1985 (22 May - Oxford), British planktonologist, who after studies in Oxford and military service in World war I, studied at Stazione Zoologica in Napoli (Naples) in 1920. Back home in 1921 he became Assistant Naturalist at the Fisheries Laboratory. Lowestoft and between 1924-28 he joined the Antarctic Discovery expedition as Chief Naturalist. He was appointed professor of Zoology at Hull University in 1928 and founded there the Department of Oceanography. In 1942 he became prof. of Natural History in Aberdeen and 2 years later prof. of zoology in Oxford. He was knighted in 1957 and after retirement from his Oxford chair in 1960 he returned to Aberdeen as lecturer in 1963. He is well-known as the constructor of the Hardy Continuos Plankton Recorder. After retirement he also devoted himself to longstanding religious (including telepathy and thougth transference) interests and the Alister Hardy Research Centre in Oxford is a continuation of a research unit initiated by Hardy, who also published the book "The biology of God" - purchased by mistake by some librarians of fisheries department libraries, because they (understandably) misinterpreted the first letter of the last word of the title. He was also interested in e.g. boxing, drawing and painting, writing fiction and poetry, flight and balloons and was married to a girl named Sylvia. [Calonemertes hardyi (Wheeler, 1934), Urospora hardyi Goodrich, 1950].

Hans van Haren, 1???-1989, Dutch Malacologist.

William George Willoughby Harford, (30 Dec. - Rochester, NY) 1825-1911 (1 Mar. - Oakland, CA), curator of conchology between 1867-69 & 1873-75 at the California Academy of Sciences, director of the Academy's Museum between 1876-86, between 1899-1906 serving as an assistent in the Museum. [Cirolana harfordi (Lockington, 1877), Betaeus harfordi (Kingsley, 1878), Mitrella harfordi Strong & Hertlein, 1937, Fusinus harfordii (Stearns, 1871), Amoria canaliculata harfordi Cox,, 1869, Synidotea harfordi Benedict, 1897]. (David Hollombe kindly provided the dates and some other information, adding E. O. Essig, "a history of entomology" (1931) is a good source but turns Willoughby into "Washington" and place of death into "Alameda, CA" which was his home). Pleurotoma harfordiana Reeve, 1843 is however not a tribute to the same conchologist, but to an earlier British namesake - "an intelligent conchologist and one highly worthy of remembrance". A shell collection auction after this last Harford was held (at Stcvcns auktion room, Covent Garden, London) 7-9 July 1884 according to Tomlin.

For the cestodan name Echinobothrium harfordi McVicar, 1976 : (see Harford Williams).

Oscar Harger, (12 Jan. - Oxford, Conn.) 1843-1887 (6 Nov. - New Haven, Conn.), studied zoology at Yale under Verrill (see Bush), became later on paleontologist (under the paleontologist O.C. Marsh), but in 1878 he published an essential monograph on New England isopods.

Prof. Dr. William H. Jennings Hargis Jr., (24 Nov. - Russell County, Virginia) 1923 2008 (17 Oct.), VIMS, is honoured in the monogenean name Diplectanum hargisi Oliver & Paperna, 1984.

Prof. Charles Wesley Hargitt, (28 Mar. - Miller township near Lawrenceburg, Indiana) 1852-1927 (11 June - Syracuse, New York), Syracuse Univ., published on Coelenterata from the Woods Hole area and other parts of USA during the three first decades of the 20:th century [Sarsia hargitti Mayer, 1910, Eudendrium hargitti Congdon, 1907, Zanclea hargitti Hartlaub, 1907], partly together with his brother George Thomas Hargitt, (11 Nov.) 1855-1917 (18 Feb. after a stomach cancer operation), who was from time to time teacher, farmer and cattle rancher (in Kansas).

John Ashworth Hargreaves, 1856-1929, English malacologist. An Australian malacological namesake wasWilliam Herbert Hargreaves, 1839-1925.

Paul Auguste Hariot, 1854-1917 (5 July), French cryptogam botanist.

The malacologist Wayne M. Harland, 1946-, from Florida, who is interested in Caribbean shells and worldwide Conus and is also an interested collector of old conchological litterature, is the honoured person in the gastropod name Conus harlandi Petuch, 1987.

Lacking information about M. le Dr. J. Harmand in the the thalassinidean name Callianassa harmandi Bouvier, 1901. Harmand evidently collected the material in Japan in 1882?

The mysid genus name Harmelinella Ledoyer, 1989 must honour Dr. Jean-Georges Harmelin, 1937-, bryozoan specialist at Station Marine d'Endoume, Marseille, a close friend and colleauge of Ledoyer and working i.a. on submarine biospeleology. During the 1960s he also published some papers on polychaetes and later he has also published on different items together with his colleauge and wife? Mireille L. Harmelin-Vivien, 19??-. [Harmelinopora Brood, 1976, Thalamoporella harmelini Soule, Soule & Chaney, 1999, Diplosolen harmelini Soule, Soule & Chaney, 1995, Peristomatopora harmelini Moyano, 1991, Crisia eburnea harmelini d'Hondt, 1988, Cellaria harmelini d'Hondt, 1973].

Frederic William Harmer, (24 Apr. - Norwich) 1835-1923 (11 Apr.), Norfolk geologist, worsted manufacturer and mayor, who wrote a colossal "The Pliocene Mollusca of G.B. and Ireland" (1914-1925) and many species are named after him too. (Stefano Palazzi kindly added this information).

Dr. Sir Sidney Frederic Harmer, FLS, (9 Mar. - Norfolk) 1862-1950 (22 Oct. - Cambridge), son of F.W. Harmer (above), English palaeontologist, working i.a. on bryozoans; director of the British Museum (Natural History). Ennobled in 1920. [Phoronopsis harmeri Pixell, 1912, Notoplites harmeri Ryland, 1963, Harmeriella Borg, 1940, Harmeria Norman, 1903, Loxosomella harmeri (Schultz, 1895), Disporella harmeri (Neviani, 1939), Reteporella harmeri Hass, 1948].

The triclade name Ostenocula harmsi (Lehmensick, 1937) must be a tribute to the German zoologist and fresh water bivalve researcher Prof. Dr. Jürgen Wilhelm Harms, (2 Feb. - Bargdorf) 1885-1956 (2 Oct. - Marburg), active in Münster as professor from 1922, between 1925-35 in Tübingen and between 1939-49 in Jena. Also the hermit crab name Paguritta harmsi (Gordon, 1935) is in his honour, because he was the first collector at the Christmas Island in 1935.

The bryozoan species Bugula harmsworthi Waters, 1900 and Hippodiplosia harmsworthi (Waters, 1900) were both found during the Harmsworth-Jackson Expedition in 1896-97 to Franz Josef Land, and thus honouring the newspaper owner brothers, of whom Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe, (15 July - close to Dublin) 1865-1922 (14 Aug.), was oldest and the one, who started their newspaper imperium (culminating in Amalgamated Press, the then largest periodical publishing empire in the world with newspapers like The Dayly Mail, The Dayly Mirror, Observer, Times, The Sunday Times, etc.) and also financed this expedition. He was later helped in his business by mainly one of his siblings, the brother Harold Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, (26 Apr.) 1868-1940 (26 Nov.). Also the tardigrade Macrobiotus harmsworthi Murray, 1907 is likely from the same expedition and also the Acarida species Erythracarus harmsworthi (Michael, 1897) and also the fresh water copepod Candona harmsworthi T. Scott, 1899.

Lacking information about Haraldo in the actinian name Neoparacondylactis haraldoi Mauricio Oscar Zamponi, 1974, but likely a South American scientist, because the author is from Argentina. The Brazilian ichthyologist Dr. Heraldo Antonio Britski, 19??-, e.g., has a similar, but not quite identical first name.

Prof. Dr. Hermann Harrassowitz, 1885-1956, geologist / palaeontologist, Giessen, must be the person honoured in the gastropod name Diodora harrassowitzi von Iheringer, 1927.

Edward Henry Harriman, (25 Feb. - Hempstead, New Yor) 1848-1909 (9 Sep.), leader and sponsor of the Harriman Alaska expedition in 1899 [Harrimania Ritter, 1900, Betaeus harrimani M. J. Rathbun, 1904, Tubularia harrimani Nutting, 1901, Halecium harrimani Nutting, 1901, Modiolus harrimani (Dall, 1904), Mesenchytraeus harrimani (Eisen, 1904)]. He was President of the Union Pacific Railroad, and the Washington Academy of Sciences.

Harry K. Harring, (Nykjøbing, Denmark) 1871-1928, US scientific instrument maker and rotiferan worker, who had emigrated from Denmark in 1893 to the USA [Aspelta harringi Remane, 1929]. (more biography)

About the fish name Artedius harringtoni (Starks, 1896), the author wrote "I take pleasure in naming this species for President Mark Walrod Harrington of the University of Washington.". The astronomer Mark Walrod Harrington, (18 Aug.) 1848-1926 (10 Sep. - New Jersey) had a varied career, in China and at the University of Michigan. He was the first civilian chief of the U.S. Weather Service. He wrote a classic book about weather systems. He was president of the University of Washington (Seattle) only from 1895 to 1897, during which time he was struck by lightning and mentally impaired. He vanished around 1900, only to be discovered at a New Jersey mental hospital by his wife a decade later. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information, helped by Dr. Ted Pietsch regarding the identity of Harrington).

Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould, 1841) is a tribute to Dr. Thaddeus William Harris, (12 Nov. - Dorchester, Massachusetts) 1795-1856 (16 Jan.), living in Dorchester, Mass., who was at first a physician, then a Harvard librarian, botanist and entomologist (and corresponded much with Gould).

Prof. John Edward Harris, (15 Sep. - Lincoln) 1910-1968 (24 June - Bristol), FRS, detected the isopod Microcharon harrisi Spooner, 1959 in Eddystone shell gravel after treating samples with magnesium sulphate solution.

Gilbert Dennison Harris, (2 Oct. - Jamestown, New York) 1864-1952 (4 Dec.), US Geologist / Malacologist.

Leslie H. Harris, 195?-, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, polychaete researcher [likely Synelmis harrisae Salazar-Vallejo, 2003, likely Spinosphaera harrisae Londono-Mesa, 2003, likely Mariansabellaria harrisae Kirtley, 1994, Lumbricalis harrisae Carrera-Parra, 2004].

The Australian gastropod name Columbarium harrisae Harasewych, 1983 is in honour of Mrs. Valerie Harris , 19??, of Caloundra, Queensland, who generously provided the type material

Ms. Carole Harris, 19??-, nudibranch interested underwater photographer in Dubai.

Lacking information about Don? Harris, 19??-, in the bivalve name Talabrica donharrisi Healy & Lamprell, 1992.

The flatworm name Pseudoceros harrisi Bolaños, Quiroga & Litvaitis, 2007 is named after the collector, Prof. Dr. Larry G. Harris, 19??-, professor of zoology at New Hampshire University. (Dr. Rioccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly propvided this information).

Prof. Dr. Reginald Wilson Harris, 19??-19??, PhD at Harvard in 1938, Oklahoma palaeontologist, who i.a. published on US foraminiferans during the 1950s (and earlier too, i.a. together with Cushman (q.v.)), is honoured in the foraminiferan name Guttulina harrisi Haynes, 1973. The same person published on Geological Pioneers in 1939 and seems to have been active from 1927 until 1977. [Quinqueloculina harrisi Howe and Roberts, 1939, Nodosaria harrisi Vieaux, 1941]

Dr. Keith Harrison, 1954-, isopodologist, who was a taxonomist at The University of Nottingham (1978-1982) and at the British Museum (Natural History) (1984-1990), later science administrator at the Univ. of Leeds [Doryphallophora harrisoni (Boxshall & Lincoln, 1987), Dynoides harrisoni Kussakin & Malyutina, 1993, Paradella harrisoni Müller]. He has now left science for journalism and book writing and his and the late Sir Eric Smith's (q.v.) Ray Society monograph about W.E. Leach and his family, arriving in 2008, is very very well worth reading for everybody interested in biological science from that time.

Lacking information about Harrison in the scaphopod name Fissidentalium formosum harrisoni T. Habe, 1970. Despite the male ending of the name it may possibly be a tribute to the US malacologist, Elizabeth Harrison, 1920-1986, but more likely a tribute to Dr. Frederick W. Harrison, 19??-, Western Carolina Univ., Cullowhee, North Carolina, who has published on this genus together with Kohn (q.v.).

The Australian hydroid name Candelabrum harrisoni (Briggs, 1928), must likely be a tribute to Prof. Lancelot J.S. Harrison, (13 July - Wellington, New South Wales) 1880-1928 (20 Feb. - Narooma, by sudden cerebral haemorrhage), professor of Zoology at Univ. of Sydney, Australia. Also the polychaete name Axionice harrisoni (Benham, 1916) may likely honor the same person.

Miss Ruth M. Harrison, 18??-19??, British coral researcher (who partly worked on material in Bourne's (q.v.) possession), is likely the honoured person in the octocoral name Siphonogorgia harrisoni Thomson & Mackinnon, 1910. She published partly together with Margaret Poole.

The Antarctic cephalopod name Pareledone harrissoni (Berry, 1917) is likely a tribute to Charles Turnbull Harris(s)on, (Hobart) 1866-1914 (Dec. - at sea), Tasmanian biologist at Sir Douglas Mawson's Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-14. After returning from the Antarctic, Harrisson continued in another expedition on the ship Endeavour, which in December 1914, when returning from Macquarie Island, disappeared without a trace and all on board were lost.

Mr. Alfred Craven Harrison, jr., 1869-1925, nephew of Charles Custis Harrison, Provost of the University of Pennsylvania and son of a prosperous sugar manufacturer from Philadelphia, collected fishes in the Indonesian archipelago for the Academy of Natural Science, Philadelphia, around the turn of the century. (See also his friend Hiller)

Prof. Dr. Sir. Richard John Harrison, (8 Oct.) 1920-1999 (17 Oct.), FRS, British Professor of Anatomy, who published much on the biology of marine mammals.

The US ichthyologist Dr. Robert Rees Harry Jr., 1925-, honoured in the fish name Paralepis harryi Maul, 1954, changed his name to Robert Rofen ca 1955. He was a student of George S. Myers (q.v.) at Stanford University (MA 1949, PhD. 1952). He was director of Stanford's Vanderbilt Foundation to study the distributions of Pacific fishes (1951-1962). Later he set up a private laboratory in Stockton, California. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Harry : (see (ten) Hove).

Dr. Josephine Francine Lavinia (among friends known as Babs) Hart, (19 June - Victoria, British Columbia) 1909-1993, Canadian carcinologist at the Royal British Columbia Museum.

Lacking information about Hart in the asteroid name Allostichaster hartii (Rathbun, 1879) Fisher, 1930. Possibly a tribute to the Rev. Henry Martin Hart, 18??-1???, who translated and enlarged Moquin-Tandon's "Le monde de la mer" into English, but perhaps more likely a tribute to Dr. Clinton Hart Merriam, (5 Dec. - New York City) 1855-1942 (19 Mar. - Berkeley, California), a distinguished US natural historian and physician, who had studied at Yale until 1877 and then medicine at Columbia until 1879 and a few years later served as surgeon / naturalist on board S.S. Proteus.

The cowry name Cypraeovula mikeharti Lorenz, 1985 is honouring Dr. Mike Hart, 19??-, South African collector, who discovered the first living animals of the species.

Lacking information about Hart in the polychaete name Syllis (Typosyllis) harti Berkeley & Berkeley, 1938, but likely a tribute to John Lawson Hart, (Toronto) 1904-1973, Canadian fisheries biologist.

Dr. Thomas John Hart, 1907-1970, had studied zoology and was inspired by Sir Alister Hardy's (q.v.) work on phytoplankton. He joined the Discovery investigations and spent several seasons in the southern Oceans, using calorimetric tequnique as a estimation of chlorophyll as a measure of total phytoplankton and moved in 1949 to the National Institute of Oceanography, remaining there until he died. The Antarctic small island Hart Rock is named after him.

James Edmund Harting, (29 Apr. - London) 1841-1928 (16 Jan. - Weybridge, Surrey), British zoologist and ornithologist, is not the person honoured in the cephalopod name Architeuthis hartingii (Verrill, 1875), but the Dutch physician and geologist Prof. Dr. Pieter Harting, (27 Feb. - Rotterdam) 1812-1885 (3 Dec. - Amersfoort), who was interested in malacology and was an early supporter of Darwin. Pieter Harting had already in 1860 published on "céphalopodes gigantesque" and had identified the specimen to become the type specimen of Loligo hartingii Verrill, 1875 as Architeuthis dux. (Lodewijk van Duuren kindly provided proof of which Harting this species name is honouring).

Prof. Dr. Clemens Cornelius Hartlaub, 1858-1927, son of the Bremen physician and ornithologist Dr. Karl Johann Gustav Hartlaub, (8 Nov. - Bremen) 1814-1900 (29 Nov.) and son-in-law of the Göttingen zoologist Ernst Ehlers (q.v.). At the foundation of the Biologische Anstalt Helgoland 1892, which initially until 1921 was directed by the fishery biologist Dr. Johann Friedrich Heincke, (6 Jan. - Hagenow) 1852-1929 (5 June - Helgoland), Hartlaub - who had worked in Göttingen [Utelga heinckei (Attems, 1897), Crithionina heinckei Rhumbler, 1928] - was appointed as zoological assistant, but later he was appointed professor there. During the first decades of the 20:th century Hartlaub mainly worked on medusae and wrote the part of "Nordisches Plankton" dealing with anthomedusae. During 1892-1920 he was director of the Helgoland laboratory [Hartlaubella Poche, 1914, Hemigellius hartlaubi (Hentschel, 1929), Podocoryne hartlaubi Neppi & Stiasny, 1911, Antedon clemens Carpenter, 1888, possibly Ophiura clemens (Koehler, 1906), Margelopsis hartlaubi Browne, 1903, Eutima hartlaubi Kramp, 1958].

Rostanga hartleyi R. Burn, 1958 was named for the collector Mrs. Thelma W. Hartley, 19??-, of Melbourne, Australia, now named Jorunna hartleyi (Burn, 1958).

The NW Florida gastropod name Marginella hartleyana Jeanne Sanderson (Mrs. Frank R.) Schwengel, 1941, was named for the dredging collector Hartley Starkey, 1???-, .

Dr. John P. Hartley, 1953-, Blackstone, Dudwick, Ellon, Aberdeenshire, U.K., is the person honoured in the polychaete name Aricidea (Allia) hartleyi Blake, 1995. (See also Robert, who was honoured by his father in the name Aricidea roberti Hartley, 1984).

Dr. Olga Hartman, 1900-1974, U.S. polychaetologist [Hartmaniella Imajima, 1977, Phyllodoce hartmanae Blake & Walton, 1977, Gesaia hartmanae Kirtley, 1994, Paradiopatra hartmanae (Kirkegaard, 1980), Iphitime hartmanae Kirkegaard, 1977, Fauveliopsis olgae Hartmann-Schröder, 1983, Noanelia hartmanae Desbruyères & Laubier, 1977, Pettiboneia hartmanae Orensanz, 1990, Ceratocephale hartmanae Banse, 1977, Cletodes hartmanae Lang, 1965, Streblosoma hartmanae Kritzler, 1971, Chaetozone hartmanae J.A. Blake, 1996, Levidorum hartmanae Perkins, 1987]. A biography and bibliography was publishes in 1977 by Fauchald & Reich in Essays on polychaetous annelids. In memory of Dr. Olga Hartman. Special publication of The Allan Hancock Foundation: 1-23.

Prof. Dr. Willard D. Hartman, 19??-, Curator at the Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale Univ between 1953-92, but continued after the retirement as curator emeritus. His major efforts were on the rediscovery of the sclerosponges, linking these to Stromatoporoids, which are such important fossils. He also wrote an authorative summary of the sponge classification (1982) [Axocielita hartmani Simpson, 1966, Neofibularia hartmani Hooper & Lévi, 1993, Stelotrochota hartmani Bakus, 1966, Strongylophora hartmani Van Soest, 1980, Willardia Willenz & Pomponi, 1996, likely Thalassema hartmani Fisher, 1947]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

Dr. William Dell Hartman, (24 Dec. - East Pikeland) 1817-1899 (West Chester, Pa.), US physician and malacologist from West Chester, Pennsylvania, published "Conchologia cestrica... " in Philadelphia in 1874.

Dr. Max Hartmann, (7 July - Lanterecken, Rheinpfalz) 1876-1962 (11 Oct.), German biologist (trained under Richard Hertwig (q.v.)), who in 1915 published "Praktikum der Protozoologie" and in 1927 published "Allgemeine Biologie; eine Einführung in die Lehre vom Leben" and in 1904 and 1907 had published on e.g.. dicyemids, is likely honoured in the polychaete name Ophryotrocha hartmanni Huth,1933 [Hartmannella Alexeieff, 1912, possibly Cobancythere hartmanni G.W. Müller, 1894].

Dr. Gesa Hartmann-Schröder, 19??-, German polychaetologist at Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Hamburg, active from 1956, retired in the end of the 1990s [Gesiella Pettibone, 1976, Schroederella Laubier,1962, Gesaia Kirtley, 1994, Spirorbis (Velorbis) gesae P. & E.W. Knight-Jones, 1995, Pisione hartmannschroederae Westheide, 1995, Eliberidens hartmannschroederae Hilbig, 1995, Namanereis gesae Fiege & Van Damme, 2002]. She is married to Prof. Dr. Gerhard F. Hartmann, 1928-, ostracodologist [Isobactrus hartmanni Bartsch, 1972, Parvocythere hartmanni Marinov, 1962, Typosyllis (Typosyllis) gerhardi Hartmann-Schröder, 1980, likely Disco hartmanni Schulz, 1993] [Actopsyllus hartmannorum Kunz, 1971, Paracorophium hartmannorum Andres, 1979, Gesaneris Carrera Parra, 2006]. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palemo, kindly provided one of the eponyms).

Dr. Heinrich Robert Hermann Hartmeyer, (19 May - Hamburg) 1874-1923 (13 Oct. - Freiburg im Breisgau), German ascidian specialist, who had studied in Leipzig under Leuckart (q.v.) and in Breslau under Kükenthal (q.v. - achieved his PhD there), who i.a. took part in the German South West Australian Expedition under Michaelsen (q.v.). From 1908 he worked at the Zoologischen Museum, Berlin. [Corynascidia hartmeyeri Monniot & Monniot, 1994, Lonchidiopsis hartmeyeri Vanhöffen, 1917, Glypturus hartmeyeri (Schmitt, 1935, Palythoa hartmeyeri Pax, 1910, Ischnochiton hartmeyeri J. Thiele, 1910, Cryptoplax hartmeyeri Thiele, Eusynstyela hartmeyeri Michaelsen, 1904, Cnemidocarpa hartmeyeri Michaelsen, 1918, Rhopalaea hartmeyeri (Salfi, 1927), Polycarpa hartmeyeri Michaelsen, 1927, likely Ophiopsila hartmeyri Koehler, 1913, Aspidosiphon hartmeyeri W. Fischer, 1919].

Jacobus Cornelis (Koos) den Hartog, (17 Apr. - Broek op Langedijk) 1942-2000 (7 Oct.), curator of Coelenterates at the National Museum of Natural History, Leiden, The Netherlands. This well-known naturalist had an interests in cnidarians, birds, turtles, and several other organisms. He was editor of the Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Coelenterate Biology, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, 1995, and several other volumes, although not beeing very fond of large meetings himself. The last 15 years of his professional life were mostly dedicated to Indo-Pacific (especially Indonesian) sea anemones, corallimorpharians, and their symbionts [Ptychopera hartogi Ax, 1971, Pseudothelogorgia hartogi (van Ofwegen, 1990), Alvania denhartogi Hoenselaar & Goud, 1998, Posidonia denhartogii J.Kuo & Cambridge, 1984]. The marine ecologist Cornelis den Hartog, (28 Jan. - Den Helder) 1931-, is a namesake.

The cowry name Notocypraea hartsmithi (Schilder, 1967) is in honour of Mr. W. Hart-Smith, 19??-, of North Sydney, the discoverer, possibly identical with the poet William Hart-Smith, (23 Nov. - Tunbridge Wells, Kent) 1911-1990 (15 Apr. - Auckland, New Zealand), who moved with his parents from England to New Zealand in 1924 and later (in 1936) to Australia, living partly in the Sydney area, partly in Hobart, Darwin, etc., but again lived in New Zealand between 1946-62, after that returning to Sydney.

Prof. Charles Frederick Hartt, (23 Aug. - Fredericton, New Brunswick) 1840-1878 (18 March - Brazil, by yellow fever), Canadian-US geologist at Cornell Univ., was assistant to L. Agassiz (q.v.) during the Thayer expedition [Mussismilia harttii (Verrill, 1868)].

The collector E. Hartvig in the gastropod name Latirus hartvigii (Shuttleworth, 1859) was evidently a South African collector, so it can not be Georg Hartwig, 1813-1880, who published i.a. "The sea and its living wonders..." in New York in 1861 and "The subterranean world" also in New York in 1871.

The California polyplacophoran name Lepidochitona hartwegii P. P. Carpenter, 1855 is likely a tribute to Karl Theodore Hartweg, (18 June - Karlsruhe) 1812-1871 (3 Feb.), educated in Jardin des Plantes, Paris, then working at the London Horticultural Society, mentiond as "Garteninspektor, Reisender" in German sources, because he was sent on two long collecting journeys by his British employers to especially Mexico and California. He also travelled in Central America (Ecuador between 1841-42) on behalf of the Horticultural Society of London. After returning back in 1847 from his last journey, he was employed as director of the Grand Ducal Gardens of Swetzingen, in Baden, Germany, where he stayed until he died.

The halacarid name Copidognathus hartwigi Bartsch, 1979 is honouring the German ciliatologist Dr. Eike Hartwig, 1940-, who now is assiciated with Institut für Naturschutz- und Umweltschutzforschung (INUF) des Verein Jordsand.

The algal names Ceratocolax hartzii Rosenvinge, 1898, Urospora hartzii Rosenvinge and Stauroneis hartzii Østrup, 1895 are all in honour of the botanist Dr. Nikolaj Eeg Kruse Hartz (23 Aug. - Randers) 1867-1937 (7 May - Frederiksberg), Danish geologist and botanist, who took part in several botanical expeditions to Greenland

Dr. Ethel Browne Harvey, (14 Dec. - Baltimore) 1885-1965 (2 Sep.), conducted sea urchin development studies at Woods Hole.

Professor Lesley Arthur Harvey, 1903-1986, aquatic ecologist at the Department of Zoology, Exeter University, England when the harpacticoid copepod Leptopsyllus harveyi Wells, 1963 was named after him "in recognition of the help that I received from him" [Parapinnanema harveyi Warwick & Coles, 1975]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided most of this information).

Prof. William Henry Harvey, (5 Feb. - Summerville, Limerick, Ireland) 1811-1866 (15 May - Torquay, Devon, from tbc), phycologist, working most of his life in Dublin. He published "Phycologia Britannica ..." in 1846-51. Between 1835-42 he collected in South Africa. In autumn 1849- spring 1850 he lectured in USA. He left for Australia and the Pacific in August 1853, spending a few years there until returning back with huge amounts of collections in 1856. Professor of botany, Trinity College, Dublin, 1856--66. He had to work under poor conditions [Harveyella Schmitz & Reinke in Reinke, 1889, Peyssonnelia harveyana J. Agardh, 1852, Polysiphonia harveyi Bailey, 1848, Nodularia harveyana (Thwaithes) Thur.].

Lacking information about Harvey in the gastropod name Odostomia harveyi van Aartsen & Smith, 1996.

The cephalopod name Architeuthis harveyi Kent, 1874 is a tribute to Rev. Moses Harvey, (21 Apr. - Armagh, Northern Ireland) 1820-1901 (3 Sep. - St. John, New Foundland), very interested in marine sciences in the New Foundland / Labrador area.

Dr. John D. Haseman, 18??-19??, M.A., graduate student, Univ. of Indiana, US ichthyologist (a student of C.H. Eigenmann (q.v.)), who took part in a collecting expedition to South America from 1907 continuing two and a half years and evidently a few years later becoming a PhD.

Prof. Dr. Grethe Berit Rytter Hasle, (3 Jan. - Horten) 1920-, Norwegian micro algae researcher [Haslea R. Simonsen].

The Austrian author of diving adventures, Prof. Dr. Hans Hass, (23 Jan.) 1919-, who achieved his PhD on a dissertation on Reteporids (Bryozoa) is honoured in the Maldivian fish name Heteroconger hassi (Klausewitz & Eibl-Eibesfeldt, 1959) (synonym : Xarifania hassi) [Schizoretepora hassi Harmelin, Bitar & Zibrowius, 2007 plus some fossil species names]. The Indo-W Pacific scleractinian name Symphyllia hassi Pillai & Scheer, 1976 may either be named for him or possibly for the US palaeontologist Wilbert Henry Hass, 1906-1959.

Dr. Arthur Hill Hassall, (13 Dec. - Teddington) 1817-1894 (9 Apr. - San Remo), physician and mainly a botanist, but wrote also about i.a. Irish bryozoans during his early cereer in Dublin. He moved in 1869 to the Isle of Whight, but from 1878 onward he moved with his family to the Mediterranean, San Remo during winters and Lucerne during summers. [Celleporina hassallii (Johnston, 1847)].

Dr. Johan Coenraad van Hasselt, (24 June - Doesburg) 1797-1823 (8 Sep.), Dutch biologist, who studied medicine at the Univ. of Groningen and achieved a MD in 1820. However, he was more interested in natural history [Chiloscyllium hasselti Bleeker, 1852] - like his fellow student and close friend Heinrich Kuhl, (17 Sep. - Hanau am Main, Germany) 1797-1821 (14 Sep. - Buitenzorg (a liver infection took his life)). They made together various excursions in Europe, visiting some Natural History Museums, e.g. the Paris Museum (late 1819), where they met de Lamarck, Cuvier and other famous zoologists of that time, and they published several papers on zoological subjects. In 1820 they were sent to W Java to study the natural history. They started their work already on their way in studying the pelagic fauna, as well as that of Madeira, Cape of Good Hope and the Cocos Islands before they arrived. When Kuhl had died after less than a year in Java, van Hasselt spent his time there working still harder in collecting efforts, until he himself died two years later [Eurhamphaea kuhlii (Eschscholts, 1829), Pontinus kuhlii (Bowdich, 1825), Dasyatis kuhlii (Müller & Henle, 1841)].

Hassler : (see Bache).

Dr. Anna Birchall Hastings, 1902-1977, British bryozoologist. [Electra hastingsae Marcus, 1938, Onychoblestrum hastingsae (Brown, 1952), Hastingsia Borg, 1944].

The bryozoan names Haswellina Livingstone, 1928, Haswelliporina Gordon & d'Hondt 1997, and Semihaswellia Canu & Bassler, 1917 (h)as well as the crustacean genus Haswellia Miers, 1884, the Callianassid name Glypturus haswelli (Poore & Griffin, 1979), the crab name Pilumnus haswelli De Man, 1888, the amphipod name Amaryllis haswelli Stebbing, 1888, the echiuroid name Metabonellia haswelli (Johnston & Tiegs, 1920) and the medusa name Staurocladia haswelli (Briggs, 1920) are presumably honouring Prof. Dr. William Aitcheson Haswell,, (5 Aug. - Edinburgh, Scotland) 1854-1925 (24 Jan. - Point Piper, New South Wales), at the Australian Museum, Sydney [Cymodoce haswelli Harrison & Holdich, 1984], well-known for publishing the first editions of "A text-book of zoology" together with the New Zealand naturalist Prof. Thomas Jeffery Parker, (17 Oct. - London, England) 1850-1897 (7 Nov. - Warrington, having suffered much from Diabetes during his last years), who had been inspired much by Huxley and who left England for New Zealand in 1880, when he succeeded F.W. Hutton (q.v.) as professor in Dunedin at the Univ. of Otago. (T.J. Parker's younger brother William Newton Parker, 1861-1924, was also a zoologist and held a professorship at at the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, Cardiff). Haswell and T.J. Parker had been colleagues and friends in England, but managed to write this book only by corresponding. This text-book later arrived in several new editions with new co-editors. Haswell was trained in Scotland (at the Univ. of Edinburgh under e.g. T.H. Huxley (q.v.) and C. Wyville Thomson (q.v.)), but moved in 1878 to Australia, was welcomed there by W. Macleay (q.v.) and became associated with the Sydney University in 1882, became professor of biology there in 1890 (restyled professor of zoology in 1815). He mainly published on crustaceans.

Prof. Kotora M. Hatai, (22 July - Pennsylvania, USA) 1909-77 (12 Sep.), Japanese geologist / palaeontologist at Tohoku University, is likely the person honoured in the scleractinian name Lobophyllia (Palauphyllia) hataii Yabe, Sugiyama & Eguchi, 1936 and in the cirriped name Heteralepas (Heteralepas) hataii Hiro, 1937.

Berthold Hatschek, (3 Apr. - Kirwein, Moravia, Austria) 1854-1941 (18 Jan - Wien), Czeck-Austrian biologist, one of Haeckel's (q.v.) disciples, who worked on embryology of marine invertebrates and emphasized his teachers "biogenetical law" (that ontogeny reflects phylogeny in such a way, that forerunners of modern organisms must have looked like the larval stages of these in their adult stage) 1891;Hatschekia Poche, 1902 (see also Poche), Protodrilus hatscheki Pierantoni, 1908]. He also discovered the Trochophora larvae.

The cephalopod name Octopus hattai (Sasaki, 1929), is likely a tribute to the marine biologist Saburo Hatta, 1865-1935,.

Paul Henri Hattenberger, 19??-, from Pointe Noire (Congo-Brazzaville), malacologist [Turbonilla hattenbergeri Penas & Rolan, 1997, Afroturbonilla hattenbergeriana Pena, Rolan & Schander, 1999].

Hiroshi Hattori, 1951-, Japanese copepod worker (vertical distribution)

Lacking information about Hattorri in the stylasterid name Stylaster hattorrii (Eguchi, 1968), but possibly if oddly spelled a tribute to a Japanese researcher named Hattori?.

Dr. Ferdinand Hauck, 1845-1889, Austrian telegraph official and algologist [Cruoriopsis hauckii Batters, Audouinella hauckii ((Schiffner) Ballesteros, 1985, Rhodochorton hauckii (Schiffner) G. Hamel, 1927, Ehrenbergia hauckii (Grunow in Van Heurck, 1881), Planothidium hauckianum (Grunow in Cleve & Grunow) Round & Buktiyarova].

Lacking information about Haugh in the isopod name Proidotea haughi Racovitza & Sevastos, 1910.

Baron de Haulleville, "ancien directeur du Musée du Congo à Tervueren", identical with the son of the liberal baron Prosper Charles Alexander, 1830-1898, Alphonse de Haulleville, 18??-19??. His son Éric, 1900-1941, became a poet.

Prof. Dr. Josef Hauser S.J., 1920-2004, Platyhelminth worker from Hungary, who taught both in Budapest and Innsbruck, then working in Brazil for several years.. (He was a Catholic Father and S.J. stands for Societas Jesu)

Mr. Mattias Forshage, Stockholm, is suggesting that the eponym in the holothurian name Havelockia Pearson, 1903, thus attached to a kind of phallos looking animal may have got its name after the English physician and sexual psychologist and littarary writer Henry Havelock Ellis, (2 Feb.) 1859-1939 (8 July), who was well-known at the time of description. Another explanation may, however, possibly be that the genus got it's name after a kind of sun screen, used in the Tropics, for the (back of the) neck, made of cloth hanging from the hat. Such a thing was called a Havelock, after (Allan) Sir Henry Havelock, (Bishop-Wearmouth) 1795-1857, English officer, from 1823 active in India. The most likely explanation of the name is, however, that it is simply named after Havelock Island (among the Andaman Islands SSE of Sri Lanka), because the description arrived in a paper dealing with echinoderms from the Ceylon area. This island probably got it's name from Sir Henry.

Adrian Hardy Haworth, (19 Apr. - Hull) 1768-1833 (24 Aug. - Chelsea), is best known as an entomologist and as a botanist - descibing e.g. the well known garden flower Scilla siberica, but he also published on crustaceans and is e.g. the person behind the names Mysida, Porcellanidae, Crangonidae and Pandalidae.

William Perry Hay, (8 Dec. - Eureka, Illinois) 1872-1947, high-school teacher in Washington, D.C., who published on isopods. He is a son of Prof. Oliver Perry Hay, (22 May) 1846-1930 (2 Nov.), vertebrate palaeontologist, who published i.a. on turtles in Washington D.C..

Prof. Isao Hayashi, (Aug.) 1941- Laboratory of Marine Biological Function, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan, is honoured in the gastropod names Colus hayashii Shikama, 1971, Polinices didyma hayashii Azuma, 1961 & Natica hayashii Azuma, Pseudophiline hayashii Habe, 1976 and in the bivalve name Poromya hayashii T. Habe, 1958. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided the exact address).

The gastropod name Turbonilla haycocki Dall & Bartsch, 1911 was a tribute to Mr. Arthur Elystan Haycock, (Horton, Slough, Bucks, England) 18??-19??, of Hamilton parish, Bermuda, who married in 1895.

The Rev. F.W. Hayden, 18??-1???, British collector, is honoured in the algae name Myriactula haydenii (Gatty, 1863) Levring, 1973. The author Mrs. Gatty was from Yorkshire, so likely Rev. Hayden also lived in this area. The geologist and West US explorer Prof. Dr. Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden, (7 Sep. - Westfield, Massachusetts) 1829-1887 (22 Dec.), who was Professor of geology, University of Pennsylvania, 1865-72. and served on the United States Geological Survey, 1867-86, is a namesake.

Dr. Clarence Irwin Haydock, (Bakersfield) 193?-, in Fountain Valley, California, (PhD in 1968 at UCD) is a Polyclade researcher.

Brian Hayes, 1956-, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, conchologist (expert in South African reef mollusks) and shell dealer [Splendrillia hayesi Kilburn, 1998, Austromitra hayesi Turner, 1999, Conus brianhayesi Korn, 2001]. (Dr. Hans Turner, Casa La Conchiglia, Rovia, Switzerland, kindly provided some of this information). The Canadian ichthyologist Prof. Frederick Ronald Hayes, (29 Apr. - Parrsboro, Nova Scotia) 1904-1982 (6 Sep. - Halifax), is a namesake.

Dr. Peter Joseph Hayward, (10 Sep.) 1944-, British bryozoologist and author of marine fauna books at the Univ. College of Swansea, a disciple of Ryland (q.v.) [Haywardipora Soule, Soule, & Chaney, 1995, Haywardozoon d'Hondt, 1983, Hellerasca haywardi Gordon, 1989, Escharina dutertrei haywardi Zabala, Maluquer & Harmelin, 1993, Nellia haywardi David & Pouyet, 1986].

R. Hazard, 19??-, captain of the R/V Kildee, who in 1974 collected the type of Boreotrophon hazardi McLean, 1995, is honoured in this name.

Bruuniella hazeli Kornicker, 1986 is named for Dr Joseph E. Hazel Jr., 1933-, US palaeontologist / ostracodologist.

Mr. Marty Healy, 19??-, who assisted the authors of Laevidentalium martyi Lamprell & Healy, 1998 is honoured in this name. The bivalve Pitar healyi Lamprell & Stanisic, 1996 is likely named for Dr. John M. Healy, 19??-, Univ. of Queensland, later Univ. of Sydney, several times coauthor on Australian bivalve and scaphopod papers together with Kevin Lamprell (q.v.), and perhaps the father of M. Healy?

Captain Michael Augustine Healy, (22 Sep. - close to Macon, Georgia) 1839-1904 (30 Aug. - San Francisco (heart attack)), was the fifth of ten children born to Michael Morris Healy, an Irish plantation owner, and his wife Mary Elisa Smith, a former slave. This family produced a number of distinguished individuals. Three brothers entered the priesthood; James became the first black bishop in North America, Patrick was president of Georgetown University, and Sherwood became an expert in canon law. Three sisters became nuns, one reaching the level of mother superior. When his siblings became bishops, priests and nuns, it may have been to compensate for the man who became known as "Hell Roaring Mike". Michael Healy was uninterested in academic pursuits and soon began a seagoing career as a cabin boy aboard the American East Indian Clipper JUMNA in 1854. He quickly became an expert seaman and rose to the rank of officer on merchant vessels. In 1864 he applied for a commission in the U.S. Revenue Marine and was accepted as a Third Lieutenant. After serving successfully on several cutters in the East, Healy began his lengthy service in Alaskan waters in 1875 as the second officer on the cutter RUSH. He was given command of the revenue cutter CHANDLER in 1877. Promoted to Captain in March 1883, he was given command of the cutter THOMAS CORWIN in 1884. Finally in 1886, he became Commanding Officer of the cutter BEAR, taking her into Alaskan waters for the first time. Here he remained until 1895. Although already held in high regard as a seaman and navigator in the waters of Alaska, it was as Commanding Officer of BEAR that Healy truly made his mark in history. During the last two decades of the 19:th Century, Captain Healy was the United States Government in most of Alaska. In his twenty years of service between San Francisco and Point Barrow, he acted as: judge, doctor, and policemen to Alaskan natives, merchant seamen and whaling crews. He operated in an eerie echo of what would become the mission of his Coast Guard successors a century later: protecting the natural resources of the region, suppressing illegal trade, resupply of remote outposts, enforcement of the law, and search and rescue. Even in the early days of Arctic operations, science was an important part of the mission. Renowned naturalist John Muir made a number of voyages with Healy during the 1880's as part of an ambitious scientific program. With the reduction in the seal and whale populations, he introduced reindeer from Siberia to Alaska to provide food, clothing and other necessities for the native peoples. The primary instrument in Healy's capable hands, to accomplish all of this, was the cutter BEAR, probably the most famous ship in the history of the Coast Guard. Under "Hell Roaring Mike", BEAR became legendary as "Healy's Fire Canoe". Healy and BEAR proved to be a perfect match, a marriage of vessel capability and unrivaled ice seamanship that became legend. The USCGC HEALY (WAGB 20) carries on the legacy of her namesake, providing a highly dedicated scientific platform with the search and rescue, and resupply services which have become the hallmark of the United States' icebreaking fleet for over 100 years. Healy is honoured in the gastropod mames Margarites healyi Dall, 1919 and Lora healyi Dall, 1919. (More) (Photo kindly provided by Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli as well as the complete story above about Healy. Don Cunningham at the Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center kindly provided Healy's middle name & the url to the tombstonne).

Hearn : (see van Hearn).

Prof. Dr. Harold Heath, (5 Jun. - Indiana) 1868-1951 (22 Apr. - Monterey County, California ), US marine invertebrate zoologist with Stanford University (Palo Alto, California) and their Hopkins Marine Station, who worked on polyplacophorans, solenogastres and bivalves. His father was Charles Wesley Heath, 1837-1881, and his mother was Sarah Anna Cowgill, 1843-1???; he had one sister, Mary Bailey Heath, 1871-1???. He received his PhD. in 1898 from the University of Pennsylvania (in Philadelphia); his dissertation was entitled: The Development of Ischnochiton. He co-authored two textbooks with Stanford President David Starr Jordan (q.v.) and the University's entomology Professor Vernon Lyman Kellogg, (1 Dec. - Emporia, Kansas) 1867-1937 (8 Aug. - Hartford, Connecticut). A short biography by G Dallas Hanna appeared in The Nautilus, Vol. 65, No. 1 (27 Aug 1951), p. 28-30. [Discodoris heathi MacFarland, 1905,Odostomia heathi A.G. Smith & M. Gordon, 1948, Stenoplax heathiana Berry, 1946, Japetella heathi (Berry, 1911), likely Leucandra heathi Urban, 1905]. (Don Cunningham kindly provided this information).

The dolphin name Cephalorhynchys heavisidii (Gray, 1828) is in honour of Captain Haviside, 17??-18??, an employee of the British East India Company, who carried the extensive Villet collection from the Cape of Good Hope to England in 1827, although Gray had misinterpreted his name, thinking that the remains had arrived with Captain Heaviside, a prominent naval surgeon with a similar name. The honoured person was likely either William Haviside (appointed Commander of "Thames" in Sep. 1821) or Thomas Haviside , 17??-1861 (31 Oct.), (appointed Commander of "Elphinstone" in Nov. 1815) and married to Frederica Markham (Haviside), 1798-1863,. Both these captains worked for the British East India Company, but only W. Haviside seems to have been on a journey with his ship in 1827 to Asia, so he may be the most likely captain in this case.

The gastropod name Heliacus heberti (Deshayes, 1830) may likely be a tribute to Prof. Edmond Hébert, (12 June - Villefargau, Yonne) 1812-1890 (4 Apr. - Paris), French geologist.

Heckel : (see Kner).

Dr. Barbara Hecker , 19??-, who runs her own consulting business, Hecker Environmental Consulting, but also is associated with the marine program at Woods Hole, is honoured in the giant seep mussel name Bathymodiolus heckerae Turner, Gustafson, Lutz & Vrijenhoek, 1998

The New Zealand dolphin name Cephalorhynchus hectori (van Beneden, 1861) is named for Sir James Hector, (16 Mar. - Edinburgh) 1834-1907 (16 Aug. - New Zealand), curator of the Wellington Colonial Museum, New Zealand, who sent the shot type species to van Beneden [Mesoplodon hectori (Gray, 1866), Epigonichthys hectori (Benham, 1901)].

Prof. Dr. Johan Hedenborg, (21 Oct. - Heda socken, Östergötland) 1787-1865 (21 Aug. - Florence, Italy), physician, naturalist and orientalist, particularly geologist and archaeologist, collector, primarily of archaeological and geological - but also biological - specimens for several Swedish Museums, living much abroad, mainly at the island of Rhodos. [Anilocra hedenborgi Bovallius, 1887, Colombia hedenborgi Bovallius, 1887].

Lacking information about Hedges in the gastropod name Conus hedgesi G. B. Sowerby III, 1913.

Prof. Joel Walker Hedgpeth, (29 Sep. - Oakland, Cal.) 1911-2006 (28 July - Santa Rosa, Calif.), Californian pycnogonid taxonomist and ecologist at Pacific Marine Station, Dillon Beach, active between the 1930s-1980s (and director of the Marine Science Laboratory, Newport, Oregon between 1965 to the retirement in 1973), but also publishing at least until 2000. Achieved his PhD at the Univ. of Berkeley in 1952. He in several ways worked in the tradition of Ed. "Doc." Ricketts and published some minimalistic poems using the pseudonym Jerome Tichenor - in English and Welsh - and founded the "Society for the Prevention of Progress". (Compare his disciple Gary Brusca). Hegdpeth had the largest private collection of books dealing with the sea shore in the world [Hedgpethia Turpaeva, 1973, Coboldus hedgpethi (J.L. Barnard 1969), Laophontodes hedgpethi Lang, 1965, Chaetozone hedgpethi Blake, 1996, Polycera hedgpethi Marcus, 1964, Ammothea hedgpethi (Utinomi, 1959), Elysia hedgpethi Marcus, 1961, Pleurobranchaea hedgpethi Abbott, 1952, Discodoris hedgpethi Marcus & Marcus, 1959, Idarcturus hedgpethi Menzies, 1951]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided the sad news about Prof. Hedgpeth's decease and Dr. Randall W. Smith, Dep. of Environmental Sciences & Resources, Portland State Univ., collecting information about Hedgpeth's reputed humour, anecdotes, limericks and bawdy poems on the e-mail site & having prepared a memorial note about him to be published in Quarterly Review of Biology - where Tichenor published several of his works - in 2007, kindly provided information about Hedgpeth's time in Newport and a correction of the pseudonym spelling above. See also this very long interview based " biography".).

Dr. Svend Geisler Heding, (1 June) 1902-1949 (11 May), Danish holothuroid researcher, who also published on arctic sea stars [Hedingia Deichmann, 1938, Henricia hedingi Madsen, 1987].

Charles Hedley, (27 Feb. - Masham, Yorkshire, England) 1862-1926 (14 Sep. - Mosman, Sydney, from heart disease), son of a vicar and himself a self-taught conchologist, who had been interested in sea shells already as a boy and mainly had been educated in France, moved because of his asthma to a more suitable climate and ended in 1882 up in Australia (after a time in New Zealand), where he eventually moved to the Australian Museum in Sydney in 1891 after 3 years at the Queensland Museum in Brisbane. When he died, he left a widow and an adopted daughter. [Eatonina hedleyi Ponder & Yoo, 1980, Heliacus hedleyi Garrard, 1977, Dacrydium hedleyi Allen, 1998, Splendrillia hedleyi Wells, 1990, Dentalium hedleyi Lamprell & Healy, 1998, Toledonia hedleyi Powell, 1958, Plaxiphora hedleyi Torr, Nuculana hedleyi Fleming, 1951, Sepia hedleyi Berry, 1918, Trematotrochus hedleyi Dennant, 1906, Glossobalanus hedleyi (Hill, 1897)].

Poul Esbern Auker Heegaard, (15 Nov.) 1908-1974 (4 Feb.), Danish crustacean researcher, especially copepodologist [Enalcyonium heegaardi Bouligand, 1960, Lepeophtheirus heegaardi Hewitt, 1963].

Dr. Thomas Heeger, 19??-, is honoured in the nematode name Tarvaia heegeri Jensen, 1991, a co-worker in the SFB 313 team of scientists at the University of Kiel (and working on Foraminifera). Possibly an exact namesake, Prof. Thomas Heeger, of San Carlos University, Ciba City, Philippines, who has published on medusae, may be identical.

The West Indian Ocean skate name Okamejei heemstrai (McEachran & Fechhelm, 1982) is a tribute to Phillip C. Heemstra, 19??-, South African marine ichthyologist and Kenyaconger heemstrai Smith & Karmovskaya, 2003 was also named for this gentleman of the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, who collected and preserved the holotype while on board the "Fridtjof Nansen"; in recognition of his many contributions to our knowledge of the fishes of the western Indian Ocean. (André Trombeta, Brazil, kindly provided the first part, Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli. Palermo, the second part of this information).

Prof. Oswald Heer, (31 Aug. - Nieder-Uzwyl, Glarus) 1809-1883 (27 Sep.), Swiss botanical and entomological palaeontologist at the Univ. of Zürich, who partly worked with material from Swedish Arctic expeditions - in which the author of Myriochele heeri, Malmgren (q.v.), 1867 took part at several occasions.

The physician and collector Dr. Ernst Friedrich Adolph Hegewisch (Hannover) 1???-18?? (Hannover), who had studied medicine in Göttingen from 1820 on and for a time (around 1840) lived in Mexico (working for a German-US mining company in Oaxaca (Oajaca)), is honoured in the Mexican gastropod name Cerithidea hegewischii Philippi, 1848.

Carl Davis Hegner, 1886-1948, US Malacologist. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided birth date).

Peder Andreas Christian Heiberg, 1837-1875, published "Consepctus criticus diatomacearum danicarum... " in Copenhagen in 1863.

The German algae worker Heinrich Heiden, 1???-19??, must be the person honoured in the diatom name Planothidium hedenii (Schulz) Witkowski & al.

Prof. Dr. Karl Heider, (28 Apr. - Wien) 1856-1935 (2 July - Thinfeld), Austrian physician and invertebrate embryologist, professor in Innsbruck, later on (1918) in Berlin, where he succceded Schulze (q.v.) until 1924, when he was emeritized and in 1932 he returned to Austria [Trilobodrilus heideri Remane, 1925, Parergodrilus heideri Reisinger, 1925, Thaumastoderma heideri Remane, 1926, Palythoa heideri Carlgren, 1954]. He was a disciple of the Hertwig brothers [Phelliactis hertwigi Simon, 1892, Hertwigia O. Schmidt, 1880, Chromatonema hertwigi (Vanhöffen, 1911), Periclimenes hertwigi Balss, 1913, Condylactis hertwigi Wassilieff, 1908, Simrothiella hertwigi P. Kaiser, 1976, Glugea hertwigi Wissenberg, Gyrostoma hertwigi Kwietniewski C. R., 1897], the anatomist Prof. Dr. William August Oscar Hertwig, (21 Apr. - Friedberg) 1849-1922 (25 Oct. - Berlin), professor in Jena, later on in Berlin (discovered the fusion of nuclei of egg and sperm in the fertilization process and was nominated for the Nobel prize in medicine in 1902 by Charles Julin (q.v.)), and the zoologist Prof. Dr. Carl Wilhelm Theodor Richard von Hertwig (ennobled in 1910), 1850-1937, (professor in Jena, Königsberg, Bonn and eventually München (Munich) and considered as the founder of experimental zoology) who themselves were disciples of Haeckel (q.v.). O. Hertwig's daughter Dr. Paula Julie Elisabeth Hertwig, (11 Oct. - Berlin) 1889-1981 (31 Mar. - Villingen-Schwenningen), is remembered in Hertwig-Weyers syndrome.

Prof. Angelo Heilprin, (31 Mar. - Sátoralja-Ujhely, Hungary) 1853-1907 (17 July - New York City), invertebrate palaeontologist at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, Hungarian born explorer-naturalist (who moved to USA with his family in 1856), best remembered for his Arctic (with Peary in 1891-92) and Caribbean exploits. (More)

The gastropod name Eunaticina heimi Jordan in Hertlein, 1934 is likely in honour of the Swiss geologist Prof. Dr. Albert Heim, (12 Apr. - Zürich) 1849-1937 (31 Aug. - Zürich), who spent some time in California around his 70:th birthday and a few years later published a geological / palaeontological paper from the area.

Heincke: (see Hartlaub).

The ciliate name Uronychia heinrothi von Buddenbrock, 1920 is likely in honour of Oskar Heinroth, (1 Mar. - Mainz-Kastel) 1871-1945 (31 May - Berlin), who i.a. published about bird behaviour and by Konrad Lorenz, considered to be the founder of ethological studies, but during the last part of his active life was director of the Berlin Aquarium.

Lacking information about Mr. M. Heinze in the Gulf of Naples ostracod name Semicytherura heinzei (Puri, 1963).

Prof. Carlo Heip, (18 Nov.) 1945-, Belgian zoologist at the Department of Ecosystem Studies, Yerseke, the Netherlands, is honoured in the harpacticoid name Boreopontia heipi Willems, 1981 and the nematode names Richtersia heipi Soetaert & Vincx, 1987, Gonionchus heipi Vincx, 1986, Acantholaimus heipi Muthumbi & Vincx, 1997 & Sabatieria heipi Chen & Vincx, 2000.

Friedrich Held, 1812-1872, German Malacologist.

Henri Heldt, 1891-1956, was active in the Mediterranean area within fisheries biology and marine biology and published at least between 1921-43.[Mesochra heldti Monard, 1935]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided the dates).

Helen in Volutoconus grossi helenae : (see McMichael).

Who is Helen in the gastropod name Fusinus helenae Bartsch, 1939 and in the bivalve name Gari helenae Olsson, 1961? The last species was collected in Archipelago de las Perlas, Panama by Helen L. Beil, 1907?-1998?, so she must be the honoured person in that case, but who was the gastropod lady?

Who is Helena in the gastrotrichan name Ptychostomella helena Roszczak, 1939? Possibly a colleague or a family member of the Polish author?

The Mediterranean moray Muraena helena Linnaeus 1758 may possibly be dedicated to the beautiful princess Helena of Sparta, sister of Polydeukes (Pollux) and known from the myths about Ilion (Troy), because of the beautiful colours of this fish?

Helena in Anachis helenae Costa, 1983 : (see Matthews).

Helgi in the amphipod name Lepechinella helgii Thurston, 1980 : (see Grim).

The gastropod name Strombus hellii Kiener, 1843 is honouring Admiral (& baron) Anne Chrétien Louis de Hell, (25 Aug. - Verneuil) 1783-1864 (4 Oct. - château d'Oberkirch à Obernai), govenor of the Isle of Bourbon (Reunion) between May 1838 - Oct. 1841. Also Hell-Bourg at Réunion and Hell-Ville, Nosy Be, Madagaskar is named for him. (The shell collector Winston Barney, Fort Worth, Texas kindly provided this information).

Helland-Hansen : (see John Murray)

Dr. Camil Heller, 1823-1917, had studied medicine and zoology in Wien and became a tunicate and marine arthropod researcher at the museum in Wien (Vienna). He reported e.g. on material from the circumnavigation with the Austrian frigate "Novara" (1857-59) and published on littoral fauna, crustaceans, zoophytes, and echinoderms from the Adriatic Sea [Rhachotropis helleri (Boeck, 1871), Paramysis helleri (G.O. Sars, 1877), Amphithoe (Pleonexes) helleri G. Karaman, 1975, Holothuria helleri von Marenzeller,1878, Molgula helleri Drasche, 1884, Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864), Charybdis helleri (A. Milne-Edwards, 1867, Ocenebra helleri S. Brusina, 1865, Zeuxoides helleri Sieg, 1980, Stellata helleri Schmidt, 1864]. Edmund Heller, (21 May - Freeport, Illinois) 1875-1939 (18 July - San Francisco), from USA, is a namesake and he collected botany in the Galapagos Islands together with Snodgrass (q.v.) in 1898-99, but also undertook several other collecting expeditions, mainly to Africa and South America.

The gastropod name Tectura helmsi E. A. Smith, 1894 is in honour of the German - Australian naturalist Richard Helms, (12 Dec. - Altona, Hannover) 1842-1914 (17 July - Sydney), who had emigrated to Australia (Melbourne) in 1858 and at first was occupied as a tobacconist. In 1862 he moved to Dunedin and turned to dentistry and later to watchmaking. He also spent som time in New Zealand (i.a. marrying there) and became interested in insects and shells and in his later part of life, he was much of a collector for the Sydney Museum.

The cirripedian name Euraphia hembeli Conrad, 1834 is in honour of the US (Philadelphia) physician, chemist and philantropist Dr. William Hembel, (24 Sep. - Philadelphia) 1764-1851 (12 June - Philadelphia). He was president of the Academy of Natural Sciences between 1840-49

Gnathia hemingwayi Ortiz & Lelana, 1997 was named after the well-known US writer and Nobel Laureate Ernest Miller Hemingway, (21 July - Oak Park, Illinois) 1899-1961 (2 July - Ketchum, Idaho), in consideration of his friendship with the sailors from Cojimar, type locality of this new species. He also - during several fishing expeditions - served as a collector of fishes for the Academy of Natural Science, Philadelphia and the Scorpaenoid fish species Neomerinthe hemingwayi H.W. Fowler, 1935 was named in his honour.

Jens Hemmen, 19??-, German malacologist and land snail specialist from Wiesbaden has some land snails named for him, e.g. Boettgeria jensi Neubert & Groh, 1998, Turanena hemmeni Balk & Butot, 1990. The African marine gastropod Poirieria hemmenorum R. Houart & H. Mühlhäusser, 1990 and the marine fossil Zonaria hemmenorum Lorenz & Groh, 1998 must be a tribute to the Hemmen family, i.e. also his wife Christa Hemmen, 19??-, who earlier sold conchological books.

The fish name Cetomimus hempeli Maul, 1969 must likely be a tribute to Prof. Dr. Gotthilf Hempel, (8 Mar.) 1929-, now retired zoology Professor in Kiel.

Henry Hemphill, (Wilmington, Delaware) 1830-1917 (27 July - Oakland, Calif. - of arsenic poisoning in curing shells), mason, bricklayer and amateur collector of molluscs and crustaceans in San Diego [Pagurus hemphilli Benedict, Craspedochiton hemphilli (H. A. Pilsbry, 1893), Triphora hemphilli (Bartsch, 1907), Vitrinella hemphilli Vanatta, 1913, Melanella hemphilli Bartsch, 1917, Strombiformis hemphilli (Dall, 1884), Latirus hemphilli Hertlein & Strong, 1951, Terebra hemphilli Vanatta, 1924, Cymatosyrinx hemphilli (Stearns, 1871), Pyrgocythara hemphilli Bartsch & Rehder, 1939, Odostomia hemphilli Dall & Bartsch, 1909, Sayella hemphilli (Dall, 1889), Turbonilla hemphilli Bush, 1899, Lima hemphilli Hertlein & Strong, 1946, Spisula hemphillii (Dall, 1894), Asthenothaerus hemphilli Dall, 1886]. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided the photo).

Hemprich : (see Greeff).

Lloyd George Henbest, (9 Jan. - Cassville, Barry, MO) 1900-1987 (26 Apr. - Washington, D.C.), US geologist and palaeontologist, who published on foraminiferans in USA before WWII. He received the 1985 Joseph A. Cushman Award [Spiroloculina henbesti Petri].

Dr. Jan Hendelberg, (19 Sep.) 1933-2006 (13 Aug.), Swedish zoologist working on platyhelminths (mainly morphology and ultrastructure). PhD in Uppsala, after that lecturer there, but the latest decades lecturer at the Göteborg (Gothenburg) University. Retirement mid 1998.

John Brooks Henderson Jr. 1879-1923, Washington D.C.. worked as a Regent of the Smithsonian Institution, crustacean and scaphopod researcher [Gonodactylellus hendersoni (Manning 1967), Mathilda hendersoni Dall, 1927, Circulus hendersoni Dall, 1927, Niso hendersoni Bartsch, 1953, Schwengelia hendersoni (Dall, 1927), Vexillum hendersoni (Dall, 1927), Cerodrillia hendersoni Bartsch, 1943, Limatula hendersoni Olsson & McGinty, 1958, Glyphostoma hendersoni Bartsch, 1934, Odostomia hendersoni Bartsch, 1909, Verum hendersoni (Pilsbry), Parapixina hendersoni Rathbun, Chirostylus hendersoni (Alcock & Anderson, 1985), Cinetorhynchus hendersoni (Kemp, 1925)], like Prof. Dr. John Robertson Henderson, (21 May - Melrose Roxburghshire) 1863-1925 (26 Oct.), who also published on crustaceans, especially hermit crabs, e.g. in 1885. He had graduated in medicine in Edinburgh, but turned to marine zoology and achieved a professorship in 1886 in Madras India, but retired to Edinburgh in 1919 [Anapagurus hendersoni Barnard, 1947]. Junius Henderson, (Apr. - Marshalltown, Iowa) 1865-1937 (4 Nov. - Colorado), who published on (mainly non marine) molluscs of Colorado, Oregon & Washington, may however be the honoured person in some of the mollusc names. Another namesake is Jean T. Henderson, 1???-, at the McGill Univ., who in 1931 published on a new Canadian parasitic copepod. The octocoral name Eunicella hendersoni Kükenthal, 1908, is not honouring any of these gentlemen, but William Dawson Henderson, (Mar. - Banffshire) 1876-1958 (23 Sep.), FRSE, who together with J.A. Thomson (q.v.) published on octocorals in the very beginning of the 20:th century and later for several decades cuntinued to produde different kinds of biological dictionaries.

The diatom name Parlibellus hendeyi Witkowski, Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin, 2000 is dedicated to the British botanist Dr. Norman Ingram Hendey, (31 Jan. - Lyndhurst) 1903-2004 (30 Aug.),.

Dr. Gordon Hendler, 19??-, L.A. County Natural History Museum, is working on ophiuroids.

Captain Julius Hendorff, 18??-1???, the leader of the Elsflether Schiffes Werner in Bremen, collected a large number of pelagic copepods on a cruise to the Java Sea (East Indies) in 1889. The material was collected with "Schwebnetzes" - i.e. hovering or floating nets, perhaps another name for plankton nets. The marine harpacticoid Clytemnestra hendorffi Poppe, 1891 (q.v.) and the curious-eyed marine cyclopoid Copilia hendorffi Fr. Dahl, 1894 (q.v.) recall this effort. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly supplied this information).

Calliostoma joannae Olsson, 1971 was named for Mrs. Jo Anne Hendricks Romfh, 19??-, formerly assistant if the Deep-Sea Biology Program at the Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Sciences.

Prof. Sherman S. Hendrix, around 1940-, US parasitologist at the Gettysburg College.

The amphipod name Macroarthrus victoriae Hendrycks & Conlan, 2003 is named for Ed Hendryck's daughter Victoria Hendryck, 2001-. (Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Friedrich Gustav Jacob Henle, (9 July - Fürth (close to Nürnberg)) 1809-1885 (13 May), German physician and zoologist of Jewish descent (mainly pathologist / anatomist), who published on a diversity of items, perhaps mainly on human biology and ichthyology. Educated in Berlin; became professor of Anatomy in Zürich in 1840, but went to Heidelberg in 1844. From 1852 until his death he was professor of Anatomy in Göttingen. Henle's Loop - the looped portion of the uriniferous tubules of the kidney is also named for him [Henlea Michaelsen, 1889]

Arnold U. Henn, 18??-19?? (was still in Australia in Nov. 1899, when he was accused of larceny), FLS, and amateur conchologist, Esq. of Manchester [Minolia henniana Melvill, 1891] who i.a. collected in India, but also in Australia and Puncturella henniana John Brazier, 1894 and Odostomia (Pyrgulina) henni was described from that continent. The US ichthyologist and museum curator Dr. h.c. Arthur Wilbur Henn, (8 Mar. - Evansville, Indiana) 1890-1959 (8 May - Winter Park, Florida), is a namesake.

The names Themiste hennahi Gray,1828 and Chaetopleura hennahi Gray, 1828 is honouring Richard Hennah, who published on animal remains from lime stones in the Plymouth area in 1823. However, there is a father and a son by that name (and some more Hennah's). The father - as may be found out below - was interested in mineralogy - but shared this interest with his eldest son, who published on the geology of the Plymouth area - and also contributed sundry poetical pieces to the European magazine chiefly in 1802 and 1804, so it is the son, who is honoured in these names according to Genny Kang, beeing interested in family history, and when finding Hennah's name here, very kindly provided the following thorough story about the Hennah's: Richard Hennah Sr., 1732-1815, was baptised in Tregony on 7 January 1733, the son of John Hennah, a gentleman and Olivia Wills, who had married there in 1729. He studied at Oxford University. The records show that he matriculated to Exeter College on 23 January 1752, at the age of 18, he receiving his B.A. in 1756. He became the vicar of St Austell, on the coast of Cornwall, not far from Tregony. The list of ecclesiastical preferments in Gentleman's Magazine in June 1774 includes "the Rev Richard Hennah to St Austell and St Blazey in Cornwall." Richard Hennah married Mary Carthew in 1764. Richard Hennah developed a strong interest in mineralogy, his collection of specimens attracting attention from other mineralogists. Richard Hennah died on April 13 1815, aged 83. His obituary in Gentleman's Magazine records that "As a mineralogist, he has been long known both to his countrymen and to all scientific travellers through the interesting county of Cornwall, and his choice collection of minerals, consisting of the productions of his native county of the highest perfection (particularly the rare sorts of wood, haematite and short tin and tin crystals) it is said, is to be disposed of." He was buried in the church where he had preached for so long. The inscription reads "To the memory of Rev Richard Hennah, A.M., who died the 13th of April 1815, aged 82 years. After being above half a century Minister of this parish. And of Mary Hennah, his wife, who died the 28th November, 1811, aged 68 years. This tablet is erected as A mark of filial and affectionate regard, by their surviving children." Richard John Hennah, (8 Mar.) 1765-1846 (25 Mar.), bapt at St Austell on 7.7.1766 son of Richard Hennah, the vicar of St Austell and Mary Carthew. He matriculated at the age of 19, entering Exeter College at Oxford, where his father had studied. He graduated in 1788 with a BA. In June 1797, Gentleman's Magazine noted under Ecclestical Preferments "Rev Richard Hennah junior BA to Wembury perpetual curacy in Co Devon." He married Susanna Lavington, with whom he had at least 4 children. By 1808, he had been appointed chaplain to Plymouth Garrison. In 1832, his son John Carthew died at his house. On 16.1.1841, his wife died, Gentleman's Magazine noting " At Plymouth, Susanna, wife of the Rev Richard Hennah, chaplain to the garrison." He, himself also died at Plymouth. William Veale Hennah, 1800-1876, son of Richard Hennah and Susanna Lavington. He matriculated to Exeter College, Oxford on 2.4.1818 aged 18 and graduated with a BA in 1822. He became a chaplain in the Royal Navy in 1824. Gentleman's Magazine on 15.12.1831 reported that "Rev W V Hennah, Chaplain of his Majesty's ship Windsor Castle, communicated through David Gilbert, ESQ FRS &c. some interesting sketches of Cyclopean remains found in the Island of Goza, called the Torre dei Giganti, of which some notice by Capt W H Smith, RN FSA appeared in vol xxii of the Archealogia, p 296. It is Mr Hennah's opinion that these primitive remains were religious and sepulchral - a temple in connection with a cemetery. On excavation, many human bones were found. The bodies had apparently been buried in quick lime. One singular circumstance was the discovery of the site of these innumerable skeletons of mice. Mr Hennah's paper forms an excellent supplement to Capt Smith's. The drawings of the Torre dei Giganti being made from a near point of view, give the Cyclopean edifices very much in details. A rudely formed head and a zigzag and wavy ornament were among the few remains of sculptural art which were discovered." After he left the navy, he went to the parish of East Cowes on the Isle of Wight, Gentleman's Magazine recording the marriage on 29.3.1838, at Whippingham, the Rev William V Hennah, incumbent of East Cowes, to Frances, third daughter of Richard Oglander esq of Fairlee. Frances died on 11.11 1847, he death at East Cowes parsonage recorded in Gentleman's Magazine. From 1864-74, William Veale was the rector of East Stoke and East Holme in Dorset. In 1865 he received his MA from Oxford. He died on 13.2 1876 on the Isle of Wight, his death noted in The Times as "On the 13th Feb at White House East Cowes IW, the Rev William Veale Hennah, aged 75 years." He left an estate valued at £1,500, resworn in 1878 at £2,000. William Hennah bapt at St Austell on 7.1.1768 son of John Hennah and Olivia Wills. According to his obituary in Gentleman's Magazine, "he entered the navy under Wallis the circumnavigator and received his first commission in 1793. At the glorious battle of Trafalgar, he had the good fortune to be the first lieutenant of the Mars 74 and having succeeded to the command of that ship on the fall of Captain Duff was promoted to post rank on the first day of the following year (1806)". He was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath on 26.9.1831, according to Gentleman's Magazine. William married Frances, known as Fanny, Hennah with whom he had at least three children born in Tregony. William Hennah died on 22.12.1832, The Times of 31.12.1832 noting the death "On the 22inst at Tregony, Cornwall, Captain William Hennah CB one of the old school of British sailors, having entered the navy under Wallis, the circumnavigator and finished his active career in the wake of Collingwood at Trafalgar." Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly mentions another person by this family name, Rev. W.P. Hennah, 1???-18??, with a malacological collection sold Apr. 13 1885 and who brought home several mollusc species from South America, of which Chiton hennahi (Gray, 1828) is honouring his name. He is likely not identical with William Hennah (above), who after Trafalgar settled and lived with his family at Tregony in Cornwall as a country gentleman.

Prof. Roger Hennedy, (Aug.) 1809-1877 (22 Oct.), Scottish botanist [Haemescharia hennedyi (Harvey) K.L.Vinogradova & T.Yacovleva, 1988, Petrocelis hennedyi (Harvey, 1857) Batters, 1890, Toxarium hennedyanum Grunow in Van Heurck, Lyrella hennedyi (W. Smith) Stickle & D.G. Mann in Round & al., 1990].

Dr. Louis Félix Henneguy, (18 Mar. - Paris) 1850-1928 (16 Jan.), French biologist [Apherusa henneguyi Chevreux & Fage, 1925, Ectinosoma henneguyi Labbé, 1926, Henneguya Thélohan, 1892]..

Chichoreus hennequini Houart, 2000 is named for Mr. F. Hennequin, 19??-, Velines, France, who collected material.

Prof. Emil Hans Willi Hennig, (20 Apr. - Dürrhennersdorf, Oberlausitz) 1913-1976 (5 Nov. - Ludwigsburg), East German chironomid specialist and well-known proponent of the cladistic school within phylogenetic systematics.

Johannes (Jan) Theodoor Henrard, 1881-1974, Dutch biologist (Botanist / Malacologist).

Lacking information about Henrique in the Antarctic ascidian name Adagnesia henriquei Monniot & Monniot, 1983.

Buchan Henry, (16 May - Scalloway) 1855-1935 (31 Jan. - Scalloway), is honoured in Paraugaptilus buchani Wolfenden, 1904. Wolfenden (q.v.), atypically using a first name, said "I attach to it the name of my sailing master, to whose constant labour in the management of instruments I owe a great deal." Buchan Henry worked for Wolfenden as his skipper on the research yachts "Walwin" and "Silver Belle," manned by crews of Shetlanders. Henry himself was from Scalloway. Henry was very clever and designed a closing plankton net used by Wolfenden. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Professor Dora Priaulx Henry, (24 May) 1904-1999 (16 June), Seattle protozoan parisitologist and cirripedian researcher, who found the first complemental male in a sessile barnacle. She was a a PhD student of Kofoid (q.v.). She started at the Oceanographic Laboratories (later the School of Oceanography), Univ. of Washington in the mid 1930s [Concavus (Arossia) henryae Newman, 1982].

Henry in the gastropod genus Henrya Bartsch, 1947 : (see Pilsbry).

The gastropod name Lucapinella henseli (von Martens, 1900) is likely honouring the German naturalist Dr. Julius Hensel, 1833-1903.

Prof. Dr. Christian Andreas Victor Hensen, (10 Feb. - the town of Schleswig) 1835-1924 (5 Apr.), physician and from 1868 on professor of physiology in Kiel. He coined the concept of plankton and was the leader of the large Plankton expedition of the Humboldt Foundation 1889 [Planktomya henseni Simroth, 1896].

The decapod name Spongicola henshawi Rathbun, 1906 is not named for Prof. Samuel Henshaw, (29 Jan - Boston) 1852-1941 (5 Feb. - Cambridge), who published on entomology and reptiles of USA and between 1912-27 was director of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard, but for the ornithologist Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, (3 Mar. - Cambridgeport, MA) 1850-1930 (1 Aug.), who in this case was the collector in the Hawaii area.

The Reverend Prof. John Stevens Henslow, (6 Feb. - Rochester, Kent) 1796-1861 (16 May), professor of botany in Cambridge. He was Charles Darwin's teacher and pursuaded his disciple to join the "Beagle" expedition. He found the crab Polybius henslowii Leach, 1820 in a herring net in north Devon in 1817 and sent the specimen to Leach, who described it. His son Rev. George Henslow, (23 Mar. - Cambridge) 1835-1925 (30 Dec. - Bournemouth), also became a botanist.

Prof. Dr. Ernst Ludwig Hentschel, 1876-1945, German spongiologist, who also published on copepods and wrote some books on "Hydrobiologie". He had studied under Richard Hertwig (see Heider), worked later for Lohmann (q.v.), continuing his work, and became head of the Hydrobiology Section of the the Zoological Institute in Hamburg and of the faculty of Hamburg University [Epistylis hentscheli Kahl, 1935, Zoothamnium hentscheli Kahl, 1935]. The German marine biologist Dr. Johannes Henschel, (2 Mar. - Grunfier, Posen) 1905-??, has a similar name.

Cadulus hepburni Dall, 1897, was named in honour of the late James Edward Hepburn, Esq., (London, England) 1810 (or 1811)-1869 (16 Apr. - Victoria, Br. C.), collector of British Columbian mollucs - one of the earliest there according to Dall. He was the oldest son of James Hepburn of Tovil Place, Maidstone, England and was educated privately in Sussex, at the age of nineteen, was admitted a Pensioneer of Trinity College, Cambridge, on Dec. 20, 1830, taking his B.A. in 1835 and M.A. in 1838. (After going to Cambridge, he had dropped his second name Edward and went by James only - instead of James Edward). In 1835 he left Cambridge for London, in order to study law and was admitted a student of the Inner Temple on Jan. 15 of that year and seven years later on Apr. 24, 1842, was called to the Bar. When he went to America is uncertain, but his first date mentioned in his American note books is 1852. First he lived in the San Francisco area, but from 1860 on Vancouver Island. Much of his collecting efforts ended up (in good shape and order) in the University Zoological Museum Cambridge, England, but several US researchers also got their share of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrates. (David Hollombe; Los Angeles, kindly provided the information about Dall's using of the expression "the late").

David Heppell, (21 Nov. - Gosport, Hampshire) 1937-2004, Curator of Mollusca, National Museums of Scotland.

The myxozoan name Leptotheca hepseti Thélohan, 1895 is not named for a person, but is derived from the Greek word hepsetos meaning small fish, smelt, because this species generate diseases on atherine fishes. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly explained this etymology).

Dr. Mikhail Vladimirovich Heptner, (16 Nov. - Moscow) 1940-2002 (20 July), Russian-German copepod worker, is honoured in the calanoid name Mesaiokeras heptneri Andronov, 1973 [Pourtalesia heptneri Mironov, 1978, Rythabis hepteneri E.L. Markhaseva & Frank D. Ferrari , 2005]. (Obituary in Monoculus 45). (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly porovided the last eponym).

The fish name Centropyge heraldi Woods and Schultz, 1953 must be a tribute to the ichthyologist Dr. Earl Stannard Herald, (10 Apr. - Phoenix, Arizona) 1914-1973 (16 Jan. - diving accident off Cabo San Lucas, Baja California), at the Steinhart Aquarium, San Francisco.

The polyplacophoran name Callochiton herberti P. Kaas & R. A. Van Belle, 1990, is honouring the Chief Curator: Dr. David (Dai) Guy Herbert, 1957-, at the Natal Museum, South Africa, who has published on marine molluscs [Thyone herberti Thandar & Rajpal, 1999, Thais (Mancinella) herberti Houart, 1998, Coriocella herberti Drivas & Jay, 1990, Tylotiella herberti Kilburn, 1988, likely Dizoniopsis herberti Jay & Drivas, 2002]. (Dr. R. Kilburn, the Natal Museum, kindly provided his date).

Dr. Hans Volkmar Herbst, 19??-, Krefeld, is honoured in the copepod name Herbstina Huys & Boxshall, 1990. Herbst published on new interstitial Cyclopoide Gnathostoma in 1952, on phyllopods in 1962 and on interstitial Cyclopinae in 1974. Between 1951-89 he published on cyclopoids from all over the world [Halicyclops herbsti da Rocha & Iliffe, 1973].

Prof. Curt Herbst, 1866-1946, professor of zoology in Heidelberg, where he succeded Bütschli (q.v.), known for his experiments with development of sea urchin eggs.

Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst, (1 Nov. - Petershagen) 1743-1807 (5 Nov.), German natural history worker (mainly entomologist - as such specialized on beetles) who published on crabs, insects and worms, e.g. "Versuch einer Naturgeschichte der Krabben und Krebse nebst einer systematischen Beschreibung ihrer verschiedenen Arten" - 3 vols. (1782-1804). He studied theology in Halle, worked as clergyman, ended up in Berlin in 1769, where he eventually advanced and became an Arch Deacon. He was also a prominent harp player [Herbstia H. Milne Edwards, 1834, Panopeus herbstii H. Milne Edwards, 1834, Nebalia herbstii Leach, 1814].

Sir Prof. Dr. William Abbott Herdman, (5 Sep. - Edinburgh) 1858-1924 (21 July), professor in Liverpool; marine biologist involved in material from the Challenger expedition and with a special interest in tunicates. He was the leading figure in the Liverpool Marine Biology Committee (LMBC), which first established a marine research station on Puffin Island, which in 1892 was replaced by a newer and more modern station at Port Erin. Beside Marine Biology also Geology was one of his heart interests - as was Archaeology. His and his Irish-born wife Emma's son George was killed in the Battle ot the Somme in 1915, so they donated money to institutions in the memory of their son. W. Herdman was knighted in 1922. [Herdmania Lahille, 1888, Herdmaniopsis Brodskaya, 1963, Jassa herdmani (Walker, 1893), Molgula herdmani Bjerkan, 1905, Halectinosoma herdmani (T. & A. Scott, 1896), Pseudamphiascopsis herdmani (A. Scott, 1896), Scottopsyllus herdmani (I.C. Thompson & A. Scott,1900), Havelockia herdmani Pearson, 1903, Eurytemora herdmani Thompson & Scott, 1897, Dasella herdmaniae (Lebour, 1939), Thaumatelson herdmani Walker, 1906, Ecteinascidia herdmani (Lahille, 1887), Centrosiphon herdmani Shipley, 1903, Ledella herdmani Dell, 1953, Sagartia herdmani Herdman, 1891, Cyathotrochus herdmani Bourne, 1905].

The North Pacific gastropod name Colus herendeenii (Dall, 1902) is likely named for one of 3 persons, with the name Herendeen, who corresponded with Dall. They were (including time of correspondence): E. B. Herendeen (1881-1905), Edward Perry Herendeen (born 1830 in Massachusetts, died in 1905) (1875-1886) (the interpreter of International Polar Expedition to Point Barrow, Alaska, Captain of the watch at the Smithsonian and having over 30 years of experience as an Arctic whaler, north of Behring Strait with San Francisco ships) and L. N. Herendeen (1877). (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Christiaan Johannes Hering, (28 Aug.) 1829-1907 (30 May), son of a German homeopathic physician, Dr. Constantin Hering, 1800-1880, who lived in Paramaribo, Surinam between 1827-33 (where he i.a. collected fishes), but after that went to Philadelphia, where he had built up a large practice. Constantin had a vivid interest in natural history, which the son inherited. The boy was educated in Philadelphia and Germany, but returned to Surinam in 1844, where he spent the rest of his life, except for 1848-49, when he revisited Philadelphia. His main occupation was some agricultural projects and he wrote books and articles on tropical agriculture. From 1872 until he retired in 1898, however, he had a post in the Finance Department. Most of his time he also succeded in making substansial collections for American and European museums and from 1855 he was a non-resident member of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences and since 1865 a correspondent of the Smithsonian Institution. He died in Paramaribo, where he had been born.

Dr. Jan(us) Adrianus Herklots, (17 Aug. - Middelburg) 1820-1872 (31 Mar. - Leiden), succeded de Haan (q.v.) as curator of invertebrates at the Rijksmuseum in Leiden in 1846, where he essentially worked on pennatularians, echinoderms and crustaceans. During his last years he was not much active, because of illness - probably tuberculosis [Scyllarides herklotsi Herklots, 1851].

Lacking information about Herman in the Cape Verde damselfish name Similiparma hermani (Steindachner, 1887).

The Bermuda copepod name Phyllopodopsyllus hermani Coull, 1969 is in honour of Prof. Dr. Sidney S. Herman, 19??-, Department of Biology, Lehigh University, Pennsylvania, "for continued advice, assistance, and encouragement".

Jean Frédéric Hermann, 1768-1794 (19 Jan. - by typhus), French medical doctor and naturalist from Strasbourg, who published on corals and copepods. His uncle, bearing exactly the same name, lived between 1743-1820. He was the son of the physician and botanist Johann (or Jean) Hermann, (31 Dec. - Barr, Dept. du Bas-Rhin) 1738-1800 (4 Oct. - Strasbourg) - sometimes spelled Herrmann, active in Strasbourg, who published some papers about aquatic parasites.

The gastropod name Ocenebra hermanni Vélain, 1876 may possibly be a tribute to Captain Hermann, 18??-1???, of the Réunion fishing boat Fernand, which Vélain had visited in December 1874, when taking part of the French Transit of Venus Expedition (the ship was wrecked at Ile Amsterdam on Jan. 16 1876 with loss of all the crew except the captain and one other sailor), but who is Hermann in the Malay archipelago holothuroid name Stichopus hermanni Semper, 1868.

Dr. Otto Hermes, (10 Sep. - Meyenburg) 1838-1910 (19 Mar. - Berlin), chemist and pharmacist, who founded the Marine Research Station, Rovinj, belonging to the Berlin Aquarium and was it's director between 1891 (the year of it's establishment) -1907. He had been a coworker of Alfred Brehm (q.v.) and found a method of producing artificial sea water, so from 11 May 1869 he was part in the direction of and from 1874 the only director of the Aquarium "Unter den Linden" in Berlin, which was closed down for good in October the same year as he died [Ascandra hermesi Breitfuss, 1898, Hermesinum Zacharias, 1906]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly corrected an earlier slip of a key regarding Dr. Hermes year of birth).

Hermosillo : (see the specific name mecicorum).

Pablo Hernández-Alcántara, (29 Oct.) 1959-, from the Instituto de Ciencias del Mar, UNAM (Mexico City), has made some extensive studies om polychaetes from Mexican waters and is honoured in Eunice hernandezi Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998.

The gastropod name Calliostoma hernandezi Rubio & Gubbioli, 1993 must be a tribute to the malacologist José María Hernández Otero, : (See Otero).

The tanaid name Apseudes heroae Sieg, 1986 is not in honour of a person's name, but was collected by R/V Hero in Antarctic waters.

Johannes Harry Herold, (28 Oct.) 1887-1984 (4 Feb.), German Malacologist.

Gayle Ann Heron, 1923-, was a dental hygienist from a dental family, returning to school on a government scholarship and discovered oceanography with R. H. Fleming (q.v.) and copepods with Paul Illg (q.v.), at the University of Washington. She worked first on Eurytemora from the Arctic, in collaboration with Mildred Wilson (q.v.). After an interlude at the Smithsonian with T. E. Bowman (q.v.), she then turned in later years toward marine cyclopoids. Author of 11 papers on marine copepods, she is honored by colleagues who have named for her Mimocalanus heronae Damkaer, 1975, Oncaea heronae Malt, 1982, and Ctenocalanus heronae Vega-Perez & Bowman, 1990. After retirement from the University of Washington about 1992, she continues to work with copepods with Bruce Frost (q.v.) (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

The sponge name Arenosclera heroni Pulitzer-Finali, 1982 is not in honour of a person's name, but was found at Heron Reef at Heron Island, part of the Great Barrier Reef.

Edward Heron-Allen, (17 Dec. - London) 1861-1943 (18 Mar. - Large Acres, Selsey, Sussex), born as Edward Heron Allen, so the hyphened family name was his own creation), FRS (1919), British researcher, translator (Persian scholar) and author of short stories (somtimes using the nom-de-plume, Christopher Blayre when writing Science Fiction) - a friend of Oscar Wilde and his family, verses, violin books, etc., polymath and by many considered to have been a genius and a Herold-Allen Society exists. His clothes were always more or less blackish, never wearing coloured clothes of any kind, and he never studied at any university, but learned by reading much and befriending intellectual persons like the antiquarian book seller Bernard Quaritch, 1819-1899, the orientalist Sir Richard F. Burton, 1821-1890, foreign intellectuals in London to learn languages like Turkish, etc. He published on foraminiferans together with Earland (q.v.) during the 3 first decades of the 20:th century after having detected these creatures after moving to Sussex. Beside foraminiferans, violins and fiction, this polymath had other interests, e.g. Persian texts, Asparagus (himself creating a variety which he named the Selsey Giant), and palmistry and this last interest took him on a 3 years lecture tour to USA during the end of the 1880s. During WW I he was known as"the Black Commissioner" and joined the staff of MI7. He was the son of a well known Soho solicitor. Dr. John Whittaker kindly informed that he and Richard Hodgkinson have written extensively on the scientific career of Heron-Allen, whose major foraminiferal collections and library are housed in The Natural History Museum, London. He also informed that Heron-Allen had a genus (Heronallenia Chapman and Parr, 1931) and no less than six species of foraminifera (Dorothia alleni Cushman, 1936, Polymorphina alleni Cushman & Ozawa, 1930, Ellipsodimorphina heronalleni Storm, 1929, Lagena heronalleni Earland, 1934, Oolina heronalleni Haynes, 1973 and Saccodendron heronalleni Rhumbler, 1935) named in his honour. Like his father, he was educated to be a solicitor, but many other interests took up his time instead and he completely retired as a solicitor when he reached 50 years age.

Eulimella herosae Van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 2000 was named for Mrs. Virginie Héros, 1955-, technician of the MNHN, Paris, helping i.a. Bouchet (q.v.). Her active contribution to the functioning of the muséum led to a worldwide respect and recognition of malacologists worldwide. [Episiphon virginieae Scarabino, 1995, Calliostoma (Ampullotrochus) heros Marshall, 1995, Chrysallida herosae Penas & Rolan, 1998, Epitonium (Parviscala) herosae Drivas & Jay, 1989, Trilirata herosae Warén & Hain, 1996, Leptotrophon virginiae Houart, 1995, Serratifusus virginiae Harasewych, 1995, Typhis (Typhina) virginiae Houart, 1986, Dizoniopsis herosae Jay & Drivas, 2002, Cirsotrema (Discoscala) herosae E.F. Garcia, 2003, Dentimargo virginiae Boyer, 2001, Calliotropis virginiae  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided some of this information).

The holothurioid researcher Dr. Edgard Joseph Émile Hérouard, (18 Mar. - Saint-Quentin) 1858-1932 (22 Mar. - Paris), who in 1902 became sous-directeur de la Station biologique de Roscoff, is honoured in the nemertean name Tetrastemma herouardi (Oxner, 1908) and in the myxozoan name Ceratomyxa herouardi Georgévitch, 1916. He published i.a. together with Delage (q.v.).

Tthe Indian polychate name Pista herpini Fauvel, 1928, must likely be a tribute to the French zoologist René Herpin, 18??-1959? (a notice nécrologique arrived in 1959/-60), who published on polychaetes around 1925 (and had also published a note in 1914). (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Dr. Albert William Christian Theodore Herre, (16 Sep. - Toledo, Ohio) 1868-1962 (16 Jan. - Santa Cruz, Cal.), ichthyologist and fishery scientist and also a lichenologist.

The gastropod name Alvania herrerae (Baker, Hanna & Strong, 1930), is a tribute to the Mexican Professor Alfonso Luis Herrera, (3 July - México City) 1868-1942 (in his laboratory), known i.a. for his conflict with the Mexican botanist Isaac Ochoterena, (28 Nov.) 1885-1950 (11 Apr.), regarding the development of biological education and research in the country.

Clarence Luther Herrick, (22 June - Minneapolis) 1858-1904 (15 Sep. - Socorro, New Mexico, by pulmonary tbc), Minnesota crustacean researcher.

The holothuroid name Scotothuria herringi Hansen, 1978 is in honour of Prof. Dr. Peter J. Herring, 19??-, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences, Wormley, Godalming, Surrey, the bioluminescence researcher, who also has published some papers on echinoderm ecology [Monognathus herringi Bertelsen & Nielsen, 1987].

G. Herrmann, 18??-1???,; the parasitic copepod genus Herrmannella Canu, 1891 was "dedicated to my friend G. Herrmann". The polychaete name Anoplonereis herrmanni Giard, 1882 is likely named after the same person, who i.a. published on anatomy of ascidians, because the French physician and zoologist Prof. Dr. Johann (or Jean) Herrmann, (31 Dec. - Barr, Alsace) 1738-1800 (4 Oct. - Strasbourg), is likely too old. Possibly this person may be Gustave Herrmann, 18??-19??, "professeur en faculté de médecine" de Toulouse?.

Dr. August Nicolai Herrmannsen, (24 Mar. - Flensburg) 1807-1854 (19 Sep. - Kiel), Danish-German physician and naturalist, who after medical and natural science studies in Kiel moved back to his home town, where he worked as a medical Dr., but also worked on malacology and later was of assistance at the Zoological Museum in Kiel, i.a. publishing "Indicis generum malacozoorum primordia ... praetermittuntur Cirripedia, Tunicata et Rhizopoda. Cassellis, Sumptibus & Typis T. Fischeri" in 1846-49 and "Indicis generum malacozoorum supplementa et corrigenda" in 1852 [Planaxis herrmannseni (Dunker 1847)].

Lacking information about Hertel in the copepod name Parategastes herteli Jacobi, 1953.

Hertha in the nudibranch name Polycera herthae Marcus & Marcus, 1963 and the nemertean name Tetrastemma herthae Corrêa, 1963 : (see Capriles).

Dr. Leo George Hertlein, (Pratt County, Kansas) 1898-1972, US malacologist, palaeontologist and geologist. Leo George Hertlein was the consummate researcher, highly respected by his peers in the fields of invertebrate paleontology and malacology. He wrote few if any "popular" articles on fossils, however, so was not well known to the general public. His immense contributions have been largely unrecognized outside of professional circles. Leo Hertlein (pronounced hert-line) was born on a farm in Pratt County, Kansas. When he was ten, his family moved to Wichita, but Leo, who was the youngest of four children, continued to spend summers on the farm. After graduating from Wichita High School in 1916, he worked in the city for a year. He then traveled west to visit his sister in Idaho, eventually moving to the Pacific Coast where he enrolled as a geology major at the University of Oregon. He took his first paleontology course from Katherine Van Winkle Palmer (q.v.), and additional courses from Earl Packard (q.v.). Packard was a gifted teacher, who taught quite a few other well-known paleontologists. Hertlein did not immerse himself completely in academics and throughout his life maintained a number of interests outside of science, such as music, literature, theater, and football. He took half a year off from college to work in the merchant marine, and during the summers worked as a commercial fisherman, copper miner, and timber surveyor. After receiving his B.A. in geology in 1922, he enrolled as a graduate student at Stanford University. There he became a paleontology major under the guidance of Prof. Dr. James Perrin Smith, (27 Nov. - near Cokesburg, South Carolina) 1864-1931 (1 Jan. - Palo Alto, by pneumonia), another inspirational professor (of geology), who taught many other famous molluscan paleontologists. Hertline received his Ph.D. in 1929. For his doctoral dissertation, he studied the Pliocene fossils of the San Diego area. The San Diego Formation is a unit rich in marine invertebrates and vertebrates, similar to (but slightly younger than) the Purisima Formation here in the Monterey Bay region. Not satisfied with only producing a dissertation, his studies of the San Diego Formation became a decades-long pursuit. Sure, he conducted many other investigations, but he continued to return to studies of the San Diego Pliocene, publishing (along with colleague and fellow Stanford graduate Ulysses S. Grant IV) three major papers on the area's geology and fossils over the next four decades. In 1926 he was appointed Assistant Curator at the Department of Paleontology, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. It marked the beginning of Hertlein's long and productive career with the Academy, where he eventually became Curator of Invertebrate Paleontology and was elected a Fellow. In the early 1930s, Hertlein began studies on the invertebrates from the Galapagos Islands and nearshore areas of Central America and Mexico. He and A. M. Strong worked up descriptions of new species of mollusks collected during the Templeton Crocker and Zaza expeditions to the tropical eastern Pacific led by the New York Zoological Society. Over the next two decades, they described 230 new molluscan taxa. Hertlein published over 150 scientific papers, mostly descriptions of Recent and fossil mollusks, echinoderms, and brachiopods from California, Oregon, Washington, and Mexico. He also contributed numerous faunal lists, age determinations, and faunal correlations to reports prepared by other workers. Probably the closest thing to a popular article he wrote was the chapter on invertebrate fossils for the Geologic Guidebook of the San Francisco Bay Counties, issued by the California Division of Mines and Geology in 1951. Published accounts say little about Hertlein's personal life, other than that he married his wife, Margaret, in 1940 and that they liked vacationing at state and national parks. She taught speech and drama in the Adult Education Division of the San Francisco School System. Leo wrote: The geology and paleontology of the marine pliocene of San Diego, California, with Ulysses Grant IV [Rissoella hertleini A.G. Smith & Gordon, 1948, Ensitellops hertleini Emerson & Puffer, 1957, Basterotia hertleini Durham, 1950, Doxospira hertleini Shasky, 1971, Hertleinella Berry, 1958]. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided all this information and the photo).

Hertwig : (see Heider).

The gastropod name Buccinum hertzensteini Verkrüzen, 1882 must be a tribute to Prof. S.M. Hertzenstein, 18??-19??, at the Zoological Museum in St. Petersburg, who published on malacological items in the end of the 19:th century (a work from the White Sea in Russian in 1885 and another work in French from the Arctic Sea in 1893).

Prof. Marcel Adolphe Hérubel, 1879-1947, French Sipunculan and fisheries worker (also writing about Normandy), who published on zoological items between 1903-25 and on other items until the 1950s, but his last publication must have been posthumous.

Alpheus Baker Hervey, (31 Mar. - Triangle, New York) 1839-1931 (10 Mar. - Bath, Maine), US amateur phycologist.

Abbé Joseph (or rather Jean - sea below) Hervier S.J., (9 Apr. - Saint-Chamond) 1847-1900 (16 Mar. - Dijon), of St. Etienne, Loire, France was a missionary in the "Oceania" [Hervieria Melvill & Standen, 1899, Mitra hervieri Dautz. & Bouge, 1923, Zafra hervieri (Pace, 1902)]. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided the dates and occupation. Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly commented that his first name Joseph likely instead should be Jean and that S.J. stands for Societas Jesu ( beeng a Jesuite) and that he has seen "R.P." first in the title, but that it possilbly not is part of the name of this Abbé, but more likely stands for Reverendus Pater (Reverend Father), a religious order).

The Cape Verde skate name Raja herwigi Krefft, 1965 was found during an expedition with R/V "Walther Herwig", named for Walther Herwig, (25 Feb. - Arolsen) 1838-1912 (16 Dec. - Berlin), Preussian administrative lawyer and fisheries biologist and a pioneer president (1902-08) of ICES.

Prof. Dr. Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Hess, (3 Nov. - Verden) 1841-1918 (6 June - Hannover), at the Museum of Göttingen, presented a thesis in 1865 on eastern Australian decapod crustaceans.

Charles Eugène Hesse, (20 Sep. - Quimper) 1801-1890 (16 Mar. - Brest), of Brest, French naturalist, who worked on parasitic crustaceans, especially copepods [Enterocola hessei Chatton & Harant, 1924]. He published some articles together with i.a. van Beneden (q.v.). Another namesake, Edmond Hesse, 1872-1934, worked beside on oligochaeta on "sporozoans" during the 3 first decades of the 20th century, partly together with Léger (q.v.) and still another, the German zoologist Paul Hesse, 1857-1938, was interested in malacology.

Professor Dr. Ivar Rudolf Hessland, (4 Apr. - Grebbestad) 1914-2006 (4 May), Swedish geologist and paleontologist, who achieved his PhD in Uppsala on glacial shell depositions. Some fossil animal names are in his honour.

Dr. Christian Waldemar Hessle, (17 Mar.) 1890-1980, Swedish zoologist, who in 1917 achieved his PhD on terebellomorph polychaetes in Uppsala. Followed Bock (q.v.) on a collection trip to Fidji, Gilbert and Marshall Islands in 1917-18. From 1921 he went into fisheries science and retired in 1957 [Baffinia hesslei (Annenkova, 1924), Sosanopsis hesslei Banse, 1979, Streblosoma hesslei Day, 1955, Polycirrus hesslei Monro, 1930, Samytha hesslei Caullery, 1944].

Dr. Robert Raymond Hessler, (22 Nov. - Chicago) 1932-, achieved his PhD in his home town in 1960, moved then to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, where he cooperating with his senior colleague Howard L. Sanders (q.v.) became interested in deep sea biology, particularly deep sea crustaceans and protoctists. In 1969 he again moved, this time to Scipps Institute of Oceanography at the Pacific side of USA, but continued with his interest in the deep sea (and e.g. honoured his former institute with the acronymic isopod genus Whoia Hessler, 1970) [Eugerdella hessleri Just, 1980, Paratanais hessleri Kudinova-Pasternak, 1985, Neotanais hessleri Gardiner, 1975, Abyssidrilus hessleri (Erséus, 1989), Eurycope hessleri Wilson, 1983, Ischnomesus hessleri Kussakin, 1988, Janirella hessleri Chardy, 1975, Manganesepta hessleri McLean & Geiger, 1998, Alviniconcha hessleri Okutani & Ohta, 1988, Nebalia hessleri Martin, Vetter & Cash-Clark, 1996, Branchinotogluma hessleri Pettibone, 1988, Hesiocaeca hessleri Blake, 1991, Paralvinella hessleri Desbruyères & Laubier, 1989, Chondrodapis hessleri Mullineaux, 1988, Branchinotogluma hessleri Pettibone, 1985, Ampelisca hessleri Dickinson, 1982, Nebalia hessleri Martin, Vetter & Cash-Clark, 1996, Weltneria hessleri Neumann, 1971].

Regarding the W African fish name Aluterus heudelotii Hollard, 1855, the author noted that "Cet exemplaire a été apporté des eaux du Sénégal par M. Heudelot". This Monsieur Heudelot must have been Jean P. Heudelot, (Vesoul) 1802-1837 (Oct. - Senegal), who also collected plant species in Senegal and Gambia from 1828 until he died very young, because he also collected and sent fish from W Africa to Paris. Several plant names are also in his honour.

Martin Theodor von Heuglin, (20 Mar. - Hirschlanden, near Leonberg in Württemberg) 1824-1876 (5 Nov. - Stuttgart), Württemberg, mainly working on vertebrates but also publishing "Reisen nach dem Nordpolarmeer in den Jahren 1870 und 1871" in Braunschweig in 1872-74, must be the person honoured in the amphipod name Weyprechtia heuglini (Buchholz,1874).

Frans van Heukelom, 1812-1872, (a few sources give 1811 as year of birth), Dutch Malacologist and president of the Amsterdam Chamber of Commerce.

Prof. Dr. h.c. Henri Ferdinand Van Heurck, (28 Aug.) 1838-1909 (13 Mar.), Belgian professor of Chemistry in Antwerpen, and manager of the family business (a paint and varnish factory), but also a diatom researcher, becoming a Dr. h.c. at the Univ. of Rostock in 1869 [Plagiotropis vanheurckii Grunow ex Van Heurck].

The Swiss Prof. (at Univ. of Zürich) Johannes Heuscher, 1858-1912, is presumably honoured in the oligochaete name Potamothrix heuscheri (Bretscher, 1900).

The polyclade name Indistylochus hewatti Hyman, 1955 must be a tribute to Prof. Dr. Willis Gilliland Hewatt, 1904-19?? (traceable until 1972), US zoologist, working at first in California (Hopkins Marina Laboratory), later for many years at Texas Christian University, where he himself had studied before the years at the Stanford Univ. in California.

Lacking information about Mr. J. Hewitt, 19??-, who provided material of Eatoniella hewittae Ponder & Yoo, 1977. J. Hewitt has published together with A.J. Ferreira (q.v.) from San José, Caifornia, so he likely also lives in California.

Dr. George Hewston, 1828-1891 (4 Sep.), US Malacologist.

The German zoologist Dr. Richard Heymons, (29 May - Berlin) 1867-1943 (1 Dec. - Berlin), who was a well-known pentastomid researcher (and also coiner of the word Chelicerata), is honoured in the nematod name Hypodontolaimus heymonsi (Steiner, 1921).

David Friedrich. Heynemann, (24 May - Hanau) 1829-1904 (15 Oct.), German malacologist and businessman, is honoured in the gastropod name Nassarius heynemanni von Maltzan, 1884.

Lacking information about Heyse in the gastropod name Nucella heyseana R. W. Dunker, 1882.

The decapod name Neoalpheopsis hiatti Banner, 1953 and the shrimp name Cinetorhynchus hiatti (Holthuis & Hayashi, 1967) must both be tributes to Dr. Robert Worth Hiatt, 1913-, US marine biologist, who has published on decapod crustaceans.

The Tottenham nurseryman and journalist James Shirley Hibberd, (Stepney, London) 1825-1890 (16 or 22? Nov. - Richmond, Surrey), published in 1872 the book "The Seaweed Collector: A Handy Guide to the Marine Botanist Suggesting What to Look for, and where to go in the study of the British Algae and the British Sponges".

Dr. Samuel Hibbert-Ware, (21 Apr. - Manchester) 1782-1848 (30 Dec.), MD, FRSE, the author of a "Description of the Shetland Islands", Edinburgh, 1822 and author of several geological essays. He left Edinburgh in 1835 for Altrincham in Cheshire.

Mr. Andy Hickey, 19??-, resident of Dingo Beach, near Proserpine, North Queensland, a keen and observant amateur shell collector. He is honoured in the gastropod name Strombus hickeyi Willan, 2000 (Dr. Richard Willan kindly provided this information on 11 September 2005).

Prof. Dr. Vernon Victor Hickman (28 Aug. - Glenorchy, Hobart) 1894-1984 (20 Nov.), Tasmanian zoologist mainly working on arachnoids is honoured in the crab name Pinnotheres hickmani Guiler, 1950, found in Australian shores. (André Trombeta, Brazil, kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Carole Stentz Hickman, 1942-, US paleobiologist and malacologist at Dep. of Paleontology, Univ. of California, Berkeley [Choristella hickmanae McLean, 1992].

The ostracod name Sclerochilus hicksi Athersuch & Horne, 1987 is in honour of Dr Geoffrey Richard Frederick Hicks, 19??-, National. Museum of New Zealand.

Prof. Sydney John Hickson, (Highgate, England) 1859-1940 (6 Feb. - Cambridge), e son of a boot and shoe manufacturer from Hampstead, working in central London. He studied zoology and became demonstrator in Oxford in 1882. In 1888 he was appointed deputy professor, and then lecturer in Cambridge in 1890. From 1894 until his retirement in 1926 he was zoology professor in Manchester. His main interest was coelenterates, particularly soft corals. After retirement he moved to Cambridge, where he lived for the rest of his life. In 1885-86 he undertook an expedition to northern Celebes (= Sulawesi). There he made considerable collections and gathered a wealth of observations, some of which may be found in his book "A Naturalist in North Celebes" from 1899 [Hicksonella Nutting, 1910, Campanularia hicksoni Totton, 1930, Parerythropodium hicksoni Utinomi, 1971, Cladiella hicksoni Tixier-Durivault, 1944, Siphonogorgia hicksoni , 1908, possibly Errina hicksoni Cairns, 1991]. When eating "rijsttafel" together with Resident Jonkheer J.C. van der Wijck, of Manado, he encountered on his plate the first specimens of a shrimp species he then collected in nature and described as Atya Wyckii, now known as Caridina wyckii. This person was likely identical with Johannes Cornelis Wilhelminus Diedericus Adrianus van der Wijck, 18??-1???, who travelled in Indonesia already during the 1850s, so he was likely born during the 1820s.

Joaquin Gonzalez Hidalgo, 1843-1923, Spanish malacologist [Murexiella hidalgoi (Crosse, 1869), Turris hidalgoi Vera Pelaez, Vega Luz & Lozano, 2000].

Rev. Henry Hugh Higgins, (28 Jan.) 1814-1893 (2 July), Liverpool shell collector [Higginsia Higgin, 1877]. (See also Byerley).

Dr. Robert P. Higgins, (Denver, Colorado) 1932-, meiofauna specialist, particularly interested in Kinorynchs (+ related phyla) and Tardigrades. He worked on several places after his PhD 1961 at Duke University. From 1978-93 curator at Smithsonian Institution, Washinton D.C., after that at Univ. of North Carolina at Asheville [Echinoderes higginsi Huys & Coomans, 1989, Parastygarctus higginsi Renaud-Debyser, 1965, Halechiniscus higgins, Araphura higginsi Sieg and Dojiri, 1989, Halicaris higginsi Newell, 1984 (& Halicryptus higginsi Shirley and Storch, late 1998), Ptychostomella higginsi Clausen, 2004].

The Hawaiian cephalopod name Enoploteuthis higginsi Burgess, 1982, is not a tribute to the US Malacologist Henry C. Higgins, 1865-1939, but to Dr. Bruce E. Higgins, 19??-, former fishery biologist at the Honolulu Laboratory.

Lacking information about Shun'ichi Higo, of Japan, in the polyplacophoran name Lepidozona higoi Iw. Taki, 1978.

The polychaete name Lumbrineris higuchiae Carrera Parra, 2006 is in honour of Ms. Michiko Higuchi, 19??-, Former Assistant professer of Toyo University, Former deputy director of environmet section, Miyagi Prefecture, in recognition of her study of Lumbrineris from Japan. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Hil(i) in the monogenean name Lamellodiscus hilii Euzet, 1984.

Dr. Brigitte Hilbig, 19??-, educated in Hamburg, later Ruhr Univ., Bochum, German / US polychaete researcher, still later Deutsches Zentrum für Marine Bidiversitätsforschung, Seckenberg, Wilhelmshaven [Hilbigneris Carrera Parra, 2006. Dr. Hilbig has changed her family name to Brigitte Ebbe. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided the eponym).

Who is Hilda / Hilde in the Myxozoan name Zschokkella hildae Aurbach, 1910? Another Hilda / Hilde is likely honoured in the nudibranch name Onchidella hildae (Hoffmann, 1928).

Lacking information about Hilda in the fish name Callionymus hildae Fricke, 1981.

Johann Maria Hildebrandt, (13? or 19? Mar. - Düsseldorf) 1847-1881 (29 May - Madagascar), was originally a machine maker, but lost one of his eyes and turned into natural science, became mainly a malacologist, but he also collected algae, e.g. in East Africa, Madagascar, and the Comoro Islands during the period 1872-81.

Some sources (like Lily Newton 1931. A Handbook of the British Seaweeds. British Museum (Nat. Hist.) - else a very good source book for several algal names) say that a "Prof. F.E. Hildenbrand, Austrian botanist" is honoured with the red algal genus name Hildenbrandia Nardo, 1834, but F.E. is here likely an error for F.X., i.e. the Austrian physician and botanist Prof. Dr. Franz Xaver von Hildenbrand, (7 Sep. - Wierzbowiec (Volhynia, now the NW corner of Ukraine)) 1789-1849 (6 Apr. - Wien), seems to be the honoured person. He had first a professorship in Pavia (where he also for a period was Rector Magnificus), later in Wien

Dr. Franz Martin Hilgendorf, (5 Dec. - Neudamm) 1839-1904 (5 July - Berlin), German naturalist, who i.a. published on African decapods, but he also worked between 1773-76 in Tokyo, bringing home collections from Japan to the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin afterwards, where he continued to work until 1903, when a gastric illness stopped him. [Ammothea hilgendorfi (Böhm, 1879), Notoplax hilgendorfi J. Thiele, 1909, Crytodromia hilgendorfi De Man, 1888, Hyastenus hilgendorffi De Man, 1887].

Mrs. Alison Hill, 19??-, made drawings of Dentalium for ther authors of Dentalium hillae Lamprell & Healey, 1998.

Sir John Hill, (baptized 17 Nov. - Peterborough) 1714-1775 (22 Nov.), apothecary, who during his spare time studied botany and undertook extensive collection trips, published in 1752 two large works in London: "Essays on Natural History ..." and "An History of Animals, Including the Several Classes of Animalicula Visible Only by the Assistance of Microscopes". He also published plays and novels and wrote society gossip columns for some journals. Maybe he is the one honoured in the species name Lepas hilli (Leach,1818)? (The year of birth according to Laundon 1981. The date of birth of Sir John Hill. Archives of Natural History 10 (1): 65-66).

Leonard (Len) C. Hill III, (3 Sep.) 1950-1997 (6 Nov.), US Ocean System Technician [Mitra hilli, Chicoreus hilli Petuch, 1990, Mitra leonardi Petuch, 1990, Prunum leonardhilli Petuch, 1990, Knefastia hilli Petuch, 1990, Conus hilli Petuch, 1990, Falsilyria hilli Petuch, 1987, Murexiella leonardhilli Petuch, 1987, Subcancilla leonardhilli Petuch, 1987, Murexiella hilli Petuch, 1987, Agaronia hilli Petuch, 1987, Agaronia leonardhilli Petuch, 1987, Conomitra leonardhilli Petuch, 1987, Turricostellaria leonardhilli Petuch, 1987, likely Muricopsis leonardi R. Houart, 1993, Enaeta leonardhilli Petuch, 1982, Oliva leonardhilli Petuch & Sargent, 1986, Conus lenhilli Cargile, 1998]. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided the year of decease).

The scleractinian name Acanthastrea hillae Wells, 1955 must honour the Australian palaeontologist Prof. Dr. Dorothy Hill, (10 Sep.) 1907-1997 (24 Apr.), Univ. of Queensland, who had grown up in Brisbane. She worked mainly on cnidarians. (Obituary)

The gastropod names Anachis hilli Pilsbry & Lowe, 1932 and Persicula hilli (M. Smith, 1950) are likely in honour of Dr. Howard Rice Hill, 1889-1961, malacologist at the Los Angeles County Museum [Cardita hilli Willett 1944].

Dr. Mary Anne Hill, 19??-, collected the type material of Hermaea hillae Marcus & Marcus, 1967 in Sonora, Mexico.

The English collector Miss Hill, 17??-18??, is honoured in the red algal name Polyneura hilliae (Greville) Kylin. She i.a. collected near Plymouth (at least in 1807 and was called the late Miss Hill by Harvey in June 1849) and also at the north coast of Devon, so she was likely from the SW part of England. The only female Hill, who has published on algae is Grace Alma Hill, but two other British algae collectors by that name are mentioned E. Hill and R.D. Hill, named without mentioning their sex or when they collected.

Dr. Hiram Milliken Hiller, 1867-1921, a physician, collected fishes together with two other US citicens in the Indonesian archipelago around the turn of the century for the Academy of Natural Science, Philadelphia. The other members of the Furness-Harrison-Hiller expeditions (between Oct. 1895 and Aug. 1901) were Dr. William Henry Furness III, 1867-1920, also he a medical Dr. and Alfred Craven Harrison, Jr., 1869-1925, who all were friends from the Univ. of Pennsylvania.

Prof. Dr. Heinrich (Heinz) Hiltermann, (14 June - Osnabrück) 1911-1998 (28 Dec.), German micropalaeontologist from the Osnabrück area [Hiltermannicythere Bassiouni, 1970].

William Atwood Hilton, (27 June - VanEtten, Chemung County, NY) 1878-1970 (Aug.), director of the Laguna Marine Laboratory, Pomona College, California, collector of marine invertebrates in the Newport area [Palaemonetes hiltoni Schmitt, Facelina hiltoni O'Donoghue, likely Schistocomus hiltoni Chamberlin, 1919].

Dr., the Rev. Thomas Hincks, (15 July - Exeter, England) 1818-1899 (25 Jan. - Clifton), Irish-British "zoophyte" marine zoologist and Unitarian minister in different churches in England and Ireland, between 1839-69, when a health breakdown and permanent voice impairment forced him to resign from active ministry and he moved from Leeds to Taunton, later to Clifton [Hincksia Agassiz, 1862, Campanularia hincksii Alder, 1856, Rhamphostomella hincksi (Nordgaard, 1906), Hincksipora Osburn, 1952, Hincksina Norman, 1903, Hincksinoflustra Bobin & Prenant, 1961, Stomachetosella hincksi Powell, 1968, Coryne hincksi Bonnevie, 1899, Campomma hincksii (Hartlaub, 1897), Pseudoflustra hincksi Kluge, 1946, Puellina hincksi (Friedl, 1917), Cribrilina hincksii]. His father was the Rev. William Hincks, 1793-1871 , who left his full-time ministry to teach natural history and mathemathics at Manchester College, York, but later moved to Queen's College, Cork, where he set up a natural history museum, herbarium and botanic garden as the first Professor of Natural History and his uncle, the Rev. Edward Hincks, (19 Aug. - Cork) 1792-1866 (3 Dec.), was a well known orientalist; the grandfather, the Rev. Thomas Dix Hincks, (Dublin) 1767-1857 (Belfast), was both an orientalist and naturalist and his aunt (William's and Edward´s sister) Miss Anne Hincks, 1812-77, collected algae, so interest for the nature was part of the family. Giffordia hincksiae (Harv.) Hamel and Hincksia hincksiae (Harvey) P.C. Silva in P.C. Silva, Meñez & R.L. Moe, 1987 was named for the Irish collector Miss Hincks. (Dr. Bernard Picton kindly provided clues to the relationships among Hincks' family).

The sponge name Discorhabdella hindei Boury-Esnault & al., 1992 is not in honour of Associate Prof. Dr. Rosalind Hinde, 1944-, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Australia, but of the British palaeontologist Dr. George Jennings Hinde, (24 Mar.) 1839-1918 (18 Mar.), who was doing research on fossil sponges and also is honoured in the sponge names Plectroninia hindei Vacelet, 1981 & Lepidosphaera hindei Lévi & Lévi, 1979

Mopalia hindsii (Sowerby in Reeve, 1847) and Terebra hindsi Carpenter, 1857 must have been named for the naval surgeon, naturalist and writer Richard Brinsley Hinds, (9 Sep. - Aldermaston, Berks., England ) 1811-1846 (25 May - Perth, Australia), who took part in the "Sulphur" expedition and wrote the mollusk part of the expedition report [Nuculana hindsii (Hanley, 1860), Subcancilla hindsii Reeve, likely the fish name Callionymus hindsii Richardson, 1844, likely also the gastropod name Gemmula hindsiana Berry, 1958, because Hinds published about related species]. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly supplied much of this information and David Hollombe kindly corrected the dates and informed about the web page of the East Perth Cemeteries, where he is mentioned).

Anson A. Hinkley, (26 Nov. - Farmersville, Indiana) 1857-1920 (23 July - DuBois, Illinois), US Malacologist, but not with any marine interest.

Mr. Alan G. Hinton, 19??-, is honoured in the scaphopod name Dischides hintoni Lamprell & Healey, 1998 for his contributions to Australian malacology.

Kazumasa Hirakawa, 1948-, Japanese, who works on biology and taxonomy of copepods.

Lacking information about Hiram in the copepod name Diarthrodes hirami Por, 1967.

Lacking information about Hirano in the bivalve name Adipicola hiranoi T. Kuroda, 1933.

Mr. Yoichiro Hirase, (Sep. - Fukura) 1859-1925 (before 10 June), a wealthy Japanese shell collector and dealer, who began collecting in 1898 and started a Conchological Museum in Kyoto (where he had settled after growing up in the town Fukura at Awaji Island), which he run together with his assistent from 1901, T. Kuroda (q.v.), although it was not opened to the public until 1913. He regularily sent samples to Pilsbry (q.v.) for identification. [Voluta hirasei G.B. Sowerby, 1912, Limaria hirasei (Pilsbry, 1901), Natica hirasei H. A. Pilsbry, 1905, Haustellum hirasei Dautzenberg in Hirase, 1915, Glans hirasei Dall, 1918, Nesiocypraea hirasei (Roberts, 1913)]. He started a Japanese scientific journal "Conchological Magazine" and published some books, a tradition fulfilled by his son Shintaro Hirase, (28 Feb.) 1884-1939 (9 Sep.), [Lepidozona hirasei Is. & Iw. Taki, 1929, Leptochiton hirasei Is. & Iw. Taki, 1929, Onithochiton hirasei H. A. Pilsbry, 1901, Haustellum pliciferoides hirasei Shikama, 1973, Conus hirasei Kira, 1956, Oliva hirasei Kira, 1959, Fissidentalium formosum hirasei Kira, Pleurobranchus hirasei Baba, 1971]. The species Siratus hirasei T. Shikama is in honour of Dr. Shintaro Hirase, who was the author's teacher in zoology. In 1913 Crown Prince Hirohito (q.v.) became impressed when studying Y. Hirase's shell collection and began to collect shells himself, which grew to an immense size collection and and a never ending interest for marine biology.

The amphipod names Lepidepecreum hirayamai Lowry & Stoddart, 2002 and Caprella hirayamai Guerra-Garcia & Takeuchi, 2003 are honouring Dr. Akira Hirayama, 19??-, well-known Japanese amphipod specialist. (Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided this information).

The opisthobranch name Hopkinsia hiroi (Baba, 1938), is a tribute to Fujio Hiro, more well-known as Prof. Huzio Utinomi (q.v.), a name he changed to in 1942.

Michinomiya Hirohito, (29 Apr. - Tokyo) 1901-1989 (7 Jan. - Tokyo), Japanese marine biologist (and Showa Emperor of Japan), particularly interested in hydroids [Rotaovula hirohitoi Cate & Azuma, 1973, Zanclea hirohitoi Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000]. The amphipod name Jesogammarus mikadoi Tomikawa et al. 2003, named for the Mikado, is likelely also honouring him. being more interested in marine biology than any other mikado. Also the shrimp Sympasiphaea imperialis Terao, 1922 (a synonym of Glyphus marsupialis Filhol, 1884) was found by the crown prince in 1918 and as he or Dr. Hirotaro Hattori, 1875 -1965, his biological tutor and advisor (who i.a. adviced Hirohito to specialize in one marine organism group (Hydrozoa) and one non marine group (Myxomyceta)), could not identify it, it was sent to Dr. Arata Terao (q.v.), who described it a few year later, honouring the emperor to be. The follower as Mikado, his son, the emperor Tsugu Akihito, 1933-, is also maintaining his father's interests and traditions in biology.

Prof. Dr. Juro Hiromi, 1952-, Japanese copepod taxonomist & ecologist.

Rei-ichiro Hiroto, 1929-, Japanese, who worked on distribution and mercury content in copepods.

The nematode name Metacyatholaimus hirschi Schuurmans-Stekhoven, 1942 must be a tribute to the authors friend Prof. Dr. Gottwalt Christian Hirsch, (14 Nov. - Magdeburg) 1888-1972 (14 Mar.), German cytologist working at the Univ. of Utrecht between 1921-44, about whom Stekhoven mentioned that he in June 1932 made some biological studies at the marine biological laboratory of Palma di Mallorca.

Nikolai (Nikolaj) Hirschmann, 18??-193?, from Kharkov, Ukraine, worked at the biological station Tvärminne in SW Finland between 1908-11, on Baltic ostracods . According to information from Tvärminne he probably died during the 1920s, but in Luther's "Tvärminne Zoologiska Station" Acta Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 73 (1957), p. 84 is a note about a microscope stand , which was purchased 1930 from Nikolai Hirschmann for Tvärminne. Evidently, thus, he lived at that occasion [Hirschmannia Elofson, 1941].

The copepod name Scutellidium hirutai Ito, 1976 and the plathelminth name Pseudovannuccia hirutai Tajika, 1981, the last species collected at Hokkaido by Hiruta, are likely both tributes to Dr. Shin-ichi Hiruta, 19??-, Japanese crustacean (mainly ostracod) researcher at Hokkaido Univ.

Lacking information about Hiscock in the echiuroid name Arhynchite hiscocki Edmonds, 1960 may likely be a tribute to Dr. Ian David Hiscock, 192?-, Department of Zoology, University of Queensland, PhD at Univ. of Adelaide in 1951, who i.a. published on freshwater mussels in Australia and New Zealand during the 1950s.

The amphipod name Protohyale hiwatarii Bousfield & Hendrycks, 2002 is named for Dr. Takehiko Hiwatari, 19??-, Japanese amphipod specialist. (Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided this information).

Johan Hjort : (see John Murray).

Prof. (Em.) Dr. Ju-Shey Ho, 1935-, parasitic copepod researcher born in Taipei, Taiwan. He worked under Arthur Humes (q.v.) at Boston University from 1962 to 1970, receiving both the MS and PhD (1969), after which Dr. Ho joined the faculty of California State University at Long Beach [Hoia hoi Avdeev & Kazatchenko, 1986, Humphreysia hoi Do & Kasahara, 1982]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Dr. Horton Holcombe Hobbs, Jr., (29 Mar. - Alachua County, Florida) 1914-1994 (22 Mar. - by heart disease), U.S. crustaceologist, also being a capable artist, musician, cook and botanist. PhD in 1940, in 1957 associate in zoology at US National Museum [Metapenaeopsis hobbsi Perez Farfante, 1971]. (Dr. R. Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly informed about the museum association).

The Philippine cockle name Acrosterigma hobbsae Vidal, 1999 may possibly be a tribute to the New Jersey shell dealer Sue Hobbs, 19??-,?

Katharine Dekker Hobson, (12 Sep. - Kentucky) 1941-1975 (19 Sep.), polychaete specialist grown up and educated in California and at the Univ. of Washington in Seattle [Hobsonia Banse, 1979, Magelona hobsonae Jones, 1978, Eudistylia catharinae Banse, 1979]. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided the last eponym].

The shrimp name Lysmata hochi J.A. Baeza & A. Anker, 2008 is named after Mr. Frank Hoch, "in appreciation for his support of scientific research at the Bocas del Toro station (STRI)". This must likely be Dr. Frank W. Hoch, (14 May - White Plains, N.Y.) 1921-2007 (13 Apr.), Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

Dr. Frederick George Eric Hochberg, 1941-, curator at Department of Invert. Zool., Santa Barbara Mus. of Nat. Hist., USA, is honoured in the copepod name Stellicola hochbergi López-González & Pascual, 1996 and in the cephalopod name Cirroctopus hochbergi O'Shea, 1999 and is very interested himself in cephalopods. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided most of this information).

Dr. Rick Hochberg, 19??-, aided in the collection of the Queensland type material of the acoel Stomatricha hochbergi Hooge, 2003.

The red algal name Polysiphonia hochstetteriana O.C. Schmidt may likely be named for the German-Austrian geologist and mineralogist Prof. Ferdinand, Ritter von Hochstetter, (30 Apr. - Esslingen am Neckar) 1829-1884 (18 July - Wien), who traveled in New Zealand and took part in the Austrian Novara expedition.

George Hodge, 1833-1871, a businessman from Seaham Harbour, Durham, who was inspired to enter marine field work by his good friend, dredging colleague and local clergyman A.M. Norman (q.v.). Hodge wrote several articles about pantopods and made pioneer works on marine mites [Paradoxostoma hodgii Brady, 1868].

Mr. Gordon Hodge, c. 1900-1980, farmer from South Auckland, New Zealand, retired to Papatoetoe, Auckland, an amateur shell collector, specialising in Cypraeidae and Volutidae. Gordon and his late wife Mona, had many holidays to destinations in the tropical Pacific to collect shells, culminating with two year-long trips in a camper van around Australia. He is honoured in the bivalve name Gari hodgei Willan, 1980 (Dr. Richard Willan kindly provided this information on 11 September 2005).

Prof. Sir Alan Hodgkin, (5 Feb. - Banbury, Oxfordshire) 1914-1998 (20 Dec. - Cambridge), British marine biologist.

Thomas Vere "Muggins" Hodgson, 1864-1926 (May), from Birmingham, biologist to the National Antarctic Expedition (1901-1904) with the Discovery (and who earlier had taken part in the Jackson-Harmsworth Expeditiion to the Arctic with "Windward"), gained practical experience around the Orkneys on Wolfenden's yacht Walwin. He wrote a short paper on Plymouth plankton in 1896 and was director of the Plymouth Laboratory when he joined the Discovery team. He also published on pantopods and is said to have been completely bald when joining the Discovery team. He published until 1927 (poshumously) about the pycnogonids from the German Südpolar-Expedition 1901-03. [Paralabidocera hodgsoni Wolfenden, 1908, Staurocladia hodgsoni (Browne, 1910), Echiniphimedia hodgsoni (Walker, 1907?), Acodontaster hodgsoni (Bell), Dermatreton hodgsoni Jenkin, 1908, Gnathia hodgsoni Vanhöffen, 1914, Antarcturus hodgsoni Richardson, 1913, Bathydoris hodgsoni Eliot, 1907, possibly Cephalodiscus hodgsoni, Limatula (Antarctolima) hodgsoni ]. Also Cape Hodgson (78°07' S, 166°05' E) and Hodgson Nunatak (74°17' S, 100°04' W) are named for him. (Dr. David Dr. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Parachiton hodgsoni Sirenko, 2000 is named for Prof. Dr. Alan Hodgson, 1953-, British malacologist working at Rhodes University in South Africa. He studied biology first in Liverpool, then achieved his PhD in Manchester guided by Prof. Ted Trueman.

The Philippine coral name Polycyathus hodgsoni Verheij & Best, 1987, is in honour of the coral researcher Dr. Gregor Hodgson, 19??-, California, who achived his PhD at the Univ. of Hawaii in 1989 and in 1996 founded the Reef Check organization. (Dr. Bert W. Hoeksema, National Museum of Natural History Naturalis, Leiden, kindly confirmed that Dr. Greg Hodgson is the honoured person in this name).

The gastropod name Turbonilla hoecki Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1896 must likely be a tribute to Dr. P.P.C. Hoek, (see below), who i.a. published on the Cirripedia of the Siboga Expedition and earlier i.a. had worked on oysters. and also had reported on the Pantopoda of the Challenger expedition. His name was somtimes also spelled Hoeck.

Lacking information about Herr W. Höfler in the W African fish names Chaetodon hoefleri Steindachner, 1882, Abudefduf hoefleri (Steindachner, 1881) and in the Cape Verde parrotfish name Scarus hoefleri (Steindachner, 1881). Steindachner names Höfler and H. von Maltzan (q.v.) as friends and his best providers of fish specimens from Africa.

The diatom name Nitzschia prolongata var. hoehnkii (Hustedt) Lange-Bertalot. may likely be a tribute to the mycologist Johann Willy Georg von Höhnk, 19??-, : (see Höhnk).

Dr. Paulus Peronius Cato Hoek, (16 June - Giethoorn) 1851-1914 (27 Feb. - Haarlem), Dutch zoologist, who studied in Leiden, first for Selenka (q.v.), later for C.K. Hoffmann (q.v.), and achieved his PhD in 1875 on a thesis on cirripedians. After having been an assistant and teacher in Leiden, he became in 1887 director of the Zoological Station of the Netherlands Zoological Society, a Society who owned a wooden shed which was movable between different coastal locations. In 1890 Hoek settled in Den Helder, where the Zoological Station had acquired a permanent building (and remaining there until it moved to the island of Texel in connection with changing name to Netherlands Institute of Sea Research). In 1902 he was succeded by Redeke (q.v.) when he was appointed the first secretary-general of the Conseil permanent International pour l'Exploration de la Mer, in København (Copenhagen). He stayed in this function until 1908. In 1907 he went back to the Netherlands and in 1912 he became director of the Rijksinstituut voor het Onderzoek der Zee (National Institute for Marine Research), where he stayed for the rest of his life. His main interests were, beside Cirripedia (writing the "Challenger" and the "Siboga" reports on this group), also Pantopoda, Decapoda, Amphipoda and Isopoda [Hoekia Ross & Newman, 1973, Verruca hoeki Pilsbry, 1907, Balanus hoekianus Pilsbry, 1911, Gulbarentsia hoeki (Stebbing, 1894), Verum hoeki (Gruvel)].

The gastropod names Alvania hoeksemai Hoenselaar & Goud, 1998 & Epitonium hoeksemai Gittenberger & Goud 2000 and also the coral name Acropora (Acropora) hoeksemai C.C. Wallace, 1997 are named for Dr. Bert W. Hoeksema, 1957-, National Museum of Natural History Naturalis, Leiden. Later some other eponyms honouring him have been added: Petrosia hoeksemai de Voogd & van Soest, 2002 (Porifera), Chromonephthea hoeksemai van Ofwegen, 2005 (Octocorallia), Alertigorgia hoeksemai van Ofwegen & Alderslade 2007 (Octocorallia) & Callomphala hoeksemai (Moolenbeek & Hoenselaar, 2008) (Gastropoda).

The Eulimidae genus name Hoenselaaria Moolenbeek, 2009 is in honour of Henk J. Hoenselaar, 19??-, Heiloo, Netherlands and Jos Hoenselaar, 19??-, honorary associates of the Zoologisch Museum Amsterdam, he an earliy malacological study friend of the author of the species and she helped to pick out perhaps millions of micro shells from sediment at the museum. The pyramidellidae species name Chrysallida hoenselaari Van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 2000 is in honour of him and Chrysallida josae Van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 2000 in honour of her.

Dr. Reinhard J.C. Hoeppli, 1893-1973, Swiss parasitologist. Achieved his PhD in Hamburg in 1924 on a dissertation on Ascarids. Later he seem to have worked in Asia, where he published on parasitology and scientific illustration [Leuckartiara hoepplii Hsu, 1928].

The gastropod name Pyrunculus hoernesii Weinkauff, 1866 is a tribute to the Austrian palaeontologist and mineralogist Dr. Moritz Hoernes (Hörnes), (14 July - Wien) 1815-1868 (4 Nov. - Wien), father of the palaeontologist Prof. Dr. Rudolf Hoernes, (7 Oct. - Wien) 1850-1912 (20 Aug. - Judendorf, close to Graz), who published "Die Gasteropoden der Meeresablagerungen der ersten und zweiten Miocanen Mediterran-Stufe in der osterreicheische-ungarischen Monarchie..." in Vienna in 1879-91.

Dr. Douglass (sic!) Fielding Hoese, (17 Apr.) 1942-, at the Australian Museum, Sydney, who has published on fishes, provided material of Alabes hoesei Springer & Fraser, 1976.

Prof. Henri Hoestlandt, 1908-2004, ichthyologist (primarily fresh water) at the Laboratoire de Zoologie de l'Université Catholique de Lyon, is honoured in the isopod name Lekanesphaera hoestlandti (Daguerre de Hureaux, Elkaim & Lejuez, 1965). There is also a Gnorimosphaeroma hoestlandti Kim et Kwon,1985. (Dr. R. Giannuzzi-Savelly kindly provided the second species name).

Jan van der Hoeven, (9 Feb. - Rotterdam) 1801-1868 (10 Mar. - Leiden), Dutch herpetologist, who also published a few papers on parasitic copepods, is honoured in the crustacean name Lysiosquilla hoevenii (Herklots, 1851).

Prof. Dr. Bruno Hofer, (15 Dec. - Rhein, East Prussia) 1861-1916 (7 July - München), German researcher, who was the first to report on the causing agent of Ichthyophonus hoferi Plehn & Mulsow, 1911 from cultivated Salmo and Salvelinus in 1893. He wrote about European fresh water fishes together with Vogt (see Fritz Müller) [Hoferellus Berg, 1892]. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly corrected a firstly wrongly given year of decease).

The gastropod Thuridilla hoffae Gosliner, 1995 is named for Dr. Patty Jo Hoff, 19??-, Professor Emerita of Communication, Marine Laboratory University of Guam, who, along with Clay Carlson, initially discovered the species.

Dr. Sigurd Hoffman, 19??-19??. who presented a PhD dissertation on Solenogastres in Uppsala in 1947, is honoured in the name Dorymenia hoffmani Salvini-Plawen, 1978.

Professor Christiaan Karel Hoffmann, 1844-1903, comparative anatomist, who succeded Herklots (q.v.) in 1872 as curator of invertebrates at the museum in Leiden, but was 2 years later appointed professor of zoology at the university in Leiden.

Prof. Dr. Curt Hoffmann, (24 Oct. - Dahlen, Sachsen) 1898-1959 (1 June - Hamburg), German marine botanist in Kiel [Cocconeis hoffmannii Simonsen, 1959].

Lacking information about Hoffmann in the digenean name Microphallus hoffmanni Rebecq, 1964, but possibly a tribute to the German (München) parasitologist Prof. Rudolf Hoffmann, 19??-.

Dr. Hans Hoffmann, 1896-19?? (was deceased before1967 but lived during the early 1950s), of Jena, who published on nudibranchs at least between 1928-40, is honoured in the nudibranch name Hoffmannola Strand, 1932 hansi Marcus & Marcus, 1967.

W. Frits Hoffmann, 1928-1982, Dutch malacologist.

Dr. Werner Frederic Ludovie Albert Hoffmeister, 1819-1845 (India, during an expedition), who was a personal physician, published on earthworms in 1845 in Braunschweig and published travel reports from India and Ceylon [Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri Claparède, 1862]. He should not be confused with the US palaeontologist/geologist Prof. Dr. John Edward Hoffmeister, 1899-1991, disciple of Wayland Vaughan (q.v.), Professor of geology at the University of Rochester between 1923-64 (later at the University of Miami's marine laboratory), who i.a. published on scleractinians and coral reefs, at least between 1929-74, first from Tonga and Fiji (where he worked together with Dr. Harry S. Ladd, (q.v.)), later from Florida, where he continued to work until he had to stop because of suffering from Alzheimer's disease [Flabellum (Ulocyathus) hoffmeisteri Cairns & Parker, 1992, Montipora hoffmeisteri Wells, 1954, Culicia hoffmeisteri Squires, 1966].

US Major Harry C. Hoffmeyer, 1???-1945 (9 Jan. - Philippines, lost his life in battle), who in 1939 in Manila Bay, the Philippines collected the type of Terebra (Strioterebra) hoffmeyeri Abbott, 1952 (junior synonym of T. plumbea Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) is honoured in this name. He was an enthusiastic lover of mollusks and an indefatigable collector.

Dr. Jan Hofker Sr., (15 June - Velsen) 1898-1991 (31 July - The Hague)), the Hague, published on protozoans from the Zuiderzee in 1922 and later at least during the beginning of the 1930s (and also during the 1950s) and is honoured in the ciliate name Cothurnia hofkeri Kahl, 1933. His favourite organisms were foraminiferans and one of his two sons, bearing exactlly the same name as himself, also became a scientist (geologist).

Hofman-Bang : (see Bang).

The typhloplanoid name Castrada hofmanni Braun, 1885 may possibly be a tribute to the medical anatomist Prof. Dr. Franz Adolf Hofmann, (14 June - München) 1843-1920 (26 Sep. - Gichkröttendorf), Univ. of Leipzig, who i.a. started the journal Zeitschrift für Biologie.

Lacking information about Hofmiller in the copepod name Nitocrella hofmilleri Brehm, 1953.

The nematode name Hofmaenneria Gerlach & Meil, 1957, must be a tribute to Dr. Bartolomé Hoffmänner, 1887-1957, who i.a. published: Contribution à l'étude des Nématodes libres du Léman, 1913, Die freilebenden Nematoden der Schweiz, 1915 (Prix de la Société zoologique suisse), Mémoire sur les Hémiptères du Parc National, 1924 (Prix Schläfli de la Société helvétique des sciences naturelles) & Mémoire sur les Dermaptères et Orthoptères du Parc national, 1951. He was active as a zoologist in La Chaux-de-Fonds between 1915-53, teaching young Gymnase students. He was a child of oriental Switzerland, went to school in Frauenfeld, after which he studied at the Univ. of Lausanne and became a doctor of sciences. His reference collections are conserved in Bündner Naturmuseum, Chur GR, Switzerland. (Dr. Marcel S. Jacquat kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Nils Gustaf Erland von Hofsten, (2 Oct. - Uppsala) 1881-1967 (18 Jan.), Swedish zoologist, achieved his PhD in Uppsala in 1907, became professor of comparative anatomy there in 1921 and pro-vice-chancellor of the university in 1933 and vice chancellor between 1943-47. As a zoologist he mainly worked on rotiferans and platyhelminths [Hofstenia Bock, 1923, Hofsteniola Papi, 1957].

The flatworm name Nasicola hogansi Wheeler & Beverley-Burton, 1987 must be a tribute to Dr. William E. Hogans, 19??-, parasitologist at the Department of Zoology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

The US researcher Dr. Mary Jane Hogue, 1883-1962, who had achieved her PhD in 1909 under Theodor Boveri (q.v.) in Würzburg, is honoured in the gymnamoeba name Paraflabellula hoguae Page & Willumsen, 1983.

Wilhelm Hohorst, (17 Oct.) 1912-1997 (1 May), German malacologist.

Dr. John Edwards Holbrook, (31 Dec. - Beaufort, SC) 1794-1871 (8 Sep.), Physician in Charleston, SC, where he settled in 1822 after a few years of studies in London and Paris, published "Ichthyology of South Carolina" in 1855.

Carl Peter Holbøll, (31 Dec. - København) 1795-1856 (when the brig Baldur went down on its way to Greenland and all on board disappeared), Danish naval liutenant, governor in South Greenland and author of a book about birds from Greenland 1846 [Phoxocephalus holboelli (Krøyer, 1842), Hippomedon holboelli (Krøyer, 1846), Colus holboelli (Möller, 1842), Dolabrifera holboelli Bergh, 1872].

Dr. David Malcolm Holdich, 1942-, after completing a PhD with Ernest Naylor, 1931-, at the University of Wales, Swansea on the crustacean isopod genus Dynamene Leach he obtained a post as a Lecturer then Senior Lecturer at the University of Nottingham where his interests covered the systematics of Isopoda and Tanaidacea, and the ecophysiology of freshwater crayfish in Britain [Zeuxo holdichi Bamber, 1990, Paracerceis holdichi Kussakin & Malyutina, 1993]. (Dr. Keith Harrisson, who had Holdich as PhD supervisor, kindly provided this information).

The W Pacific skate name Okamejei hollandi (Jordan & Richardson, 1909) is likely not named for a person's name, but for New Holland (a historical name for Australia).

Prof. Dr. André Hollande, (26 Dec. - Nancy) 1913-1998 (29 Jan. - Verrìéres-de-Buisson, close to Paris), French protistologist, who during the 1950s, -60s & -70s worked on "actinopodans" together with Cachón (q.v.) & Enjumet (later Cachón-Enjumet ). He was a disciple of Chatton (q.v.) and Grasse (q.v.) and had between 1945-1962 worked in Algeria (where he and Cachón developed a school of Protistology), but then returned to Paris.

Lacking information about Hollick in the foraminiferan name Uvigerina hollicki Thalmann, 1950. Possibly a tribute to A.T. Hollick, 18??-1???, who for Henry Brady (q.v.) had made drawings on stone over foraminifera and hydroroida from the Challenger expedition, but perhaps more likely a tribute to Dr. Charles Arthur Hollick, (6 Feb. - New Brighton, Staten Island) 1857-1933 (1 Mar.), US micropalaeontolist / palaeobotanist, because the author Dr. Hans Ernst Thalmann, 1899-1975, worked at the Stanford Univ.

The monogenean name Pyragraphorus hollisae Euzet & Ktari, 1970 must be a tribute to Dr. Margarita Bravo-Hollis : (see Caballero y Caballero).

The amphipod name Eusirus holmi Hansen, 1886 is a tribute to Dr. Herman(n) Theodor Holm, (3 Feb.) 1854-1932 (28 Dec.), Danish systematic botanist, who took part in the Danish "Dijmphna" expedition to the Kara Sea, where the species first was found. In 1888 he emigrated to USA, where he in 1902 achieved his PhD in botany and continued working on biological items. A later namesake was Åke Holm, 1909-1989, Swedish collector in East Africa.

The copepod name Nucellicola holmanae Lamb, Boxshall, Mill & Grahame, 1996 (Chitonophilidae) is in honour of Ceri Holman, 19??-, the discoverer of this endoparasitic worm shaped copepod from Nucella lapillus in Robin Hood's Bay, Yorkshire.

The parasitic copepod Lernanthropus holmbergi Nordmann, 1864 was collected in Hawaii by von Nordmanns friend, the Finlandic eologist, ethnographer and Inspector for Fish Culure Henrik Johan Holmberg, (3 Jan. - Kökar) 1818-1864 (23 Dec. - Helsinki). The Biologist and Geologist Eduardo Ladislao Holmberg, (Buenos Aires) 1852-1937 (5 Nov. - Buenos Aires), from Argentina, is a namesake.

Dr. Norman Alexander Holme, 1926-1989, British zoologist at the Plymouth Laboratory, mainly working on molluscs and also writing about benthos sampling methods [Siboglinum holmei Southward, 1963].

The British botanist Edward Morell Holmes, (29 Jan. - Wycombe, Berkshire) 1843-1930 (10 Sep. - Sevenoaks), is honoured in the algal names Kuetzingiella holmesii (Batters) Russell, Rhodymenia holmesii Ardissone, 1893 and Holmesella Sturch, 1926.

Prof. Dr. Samuel Jackson Holmes, (7 Mar.) 1868-1964 (5 Mar. - Berkeley, California), decapod and amphipod worker at the California Academy of Sciences. Professor of Zoology at the University of California (Berkeley) from 1917, and author of several books on evolution and behavior; [Holmesiella Ortmann, 1908, Ampelisca holmesii Pearse, 1908, Aruga holmesi J.L. Barnard, 1955, Spirontocaris holmesi Holthuis, Parahaustorius holmesi Bousfield, 1965, Proboloides holmesi Bousfield, 1973, Janiralata holmesi (Richardson, 1905), Palaemonella holmesi (Nobili, 1907)]. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided some of this information).

The bivalve name Propeamussium holmesii (Dall, 1886) is likely a tribute to the US amateur palaentologist Francis Simmons Holmes, 1815-1882 (19 Oct.), who published about South Carolina fossils.

Dr. Edward (according to Praeger, who knew him personally or? Ernest, according to the British Museum listing and most other sources) William Lyons Holt, (17 Oct. - London) 1864-1922 (10 June - London), after doing his duty in the British Army (Egypt & Burma, 1884-87) he studied biology in St Andrews and became interested in fish. He moved later to Ireland and became Marine Naturalist to the Royal Dublin Society and in 1900 Scientific Advisor to the Fisheries Branch, Department of Agriculture for Ireland. In 1914 he was named Chief Inspector of Fisheries, succeeding Green (q.v.). He was in charge of a floating marine laboratory in Ballynakill Harbour, county Galway, the dismasted brigantine Saturn from 1898 on and from 1899 on he was involved in several fishing cruises with ships like, Helga, Monica and Granuaile, replaced in 1908 by Helga II, a new built research ship, which during cruises in the 1920s and 1930s was renamed Muirchú [Diaphus holti Tåning, 1918].

The sponge genus Holtenia Wyville Thomson, 1869 (a synonym of Pheronema Leidy, 1868) is named for the Danish Governor Peter Holten, (25 Nov. - København) 1816-1897 (27 Sep. - København), in Thorshavn, the Faeroes, his wife also beeing honoured by the dedication to her of Thomsons book "The Depths of the Sea", "in grateful remembrance of the pleasant times spent by himself and his comrades at the governor's house in Thorshavn". (During the Lightning expedition Thomson, father and son Carpenter and the crew experienced much bad weather, so they had to spend more than a week in harbour in Thorshavn with the hardly sea-worthy paddle-steamer and also Porcupine visited Thorshavn). (André Trombeta, Brazil, kindly provided the dates and the first name).

Hans Severin Holten, (11 July - Helsingør) 1770-1805 (30 Dec.) , was nephew of Abildgaard (q.v.) and curator at the Zoological Museum, København (Copenhagen). He made a systematic shell list from Chemnitz' collection.

Torleif Holthe, (6 Apr. - Trondheim) 1946-2007 (22 June), Norwegian polychaetologist, specialized in the Terebellomorph worms [Sosane holthei Jirkov, 1994]. Holthe was retired in 2003 after having a stroke. A little more than a week before he died, he was struck by two more strokes and never recovered, but sorrily died at age 61.

Prof. Dr. Lipke Bijdeley Holthuis , (21 Apr. - Probolinggo, East Java) 1921-2008 (7 Mar.), skilful Dutch specialist on crustaceans, as well as author on crustacean research history [Lipkius Yaldwyn, 1960 holthuisi Yaldwin, 1960, Lipkebe Chace, 1969, Lipkecallianassa Sakai, 2002, Processa nouveli holthuisi Al-Adhub & D.I. Williamson, 1975, Enoplometopus holthuisi Gordon, 1968, Parribacus holthuisi Forest, 1954, Euryrhynchoides holthuisi Powell, 1976, Tuleariocaris holthuisi Hipeau-Jacquotte, 1965, Discapseudes hothuisi (Bacescu & Gutu, 1975), Apseudes holthuisi Bacescu, 1962, Hippolyte holthuisi Zariquiey-Alvarez, 1953, Pseudothelphusa holthuisi Rodriguez 1967, Catapagurus holthuisi McLaughlin, 1997, Folinella holthuisi van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998, Periclimenes holthuisi A.J. Bruce, 1969, Periclimenes holthuisi A.J. Bruce, 1969, Albunea holthuisi Boyko & Harvey, 1999, Parapagurus holthuisi Lemaitre, 1989, Dactylonia holthuisi Fransen, 2002, Macrophthalmus holthuisi Serene, 1973, Eurysquilla holthuisi Manning, 1969, Nephropsis holthuisi Macpherson, 1993, Folinella holthuisi van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998, Nematopagurus holthuisi McLaughlin & Hogarth, 1998, Rhynchocinetes holthuisi Okuno, 1997, Palinustus holthuisi Chan & Yu, 1995, Upogebia holthuisi Sakai 1982, Campylaspis holthuisi Bacescu & Petrescu, 1989, Heteropilumnus holthuisi Ng & Tan, 1988, Glyphocrangon holthuisi Kensley, Tranter & Griffin, 1987, Phimochirus holthuisi (Provenzano, 1961), Spongicola holthuisi de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 1981, Ctenocheles holthuisi de A Rodrigues, 1978, Stygiomysis holthuisi (Gordon, 1958), Emerita holthuisi Sankolli, 1965, Plesionika holthuisi Crosnier & Forest,1968, Alpheus holthuisi Ribiero, 1964]. However, the stauromedusan genus Lipkea Vogt 1886 is of course not named for Dr. Holthuis. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided the sad news about Prof. Holthuis' decease and Dr. Godfried van Moorsel kindly provided the link to the Dutch web page with the photograph)

Nephtys hombergii de Lamarck, 1818 was initially discovered in France (Hâvre de Grâce) by a Homberg, not likely (because he was too young) Henry Eugène Homberg, (27 Apr. - Paris) 1804-1876 (24 Aug. - Paris), (Inspecteur des Ponts-et-Chaussées), who in 1831 together with a pair of coauthors published a book about fishes in Le Havre - but perhaps his father or grandfather, - or perhaps even the German-Dutch-French chemist Wilhelm (Guillome) Homberg, (Batavia) 1652-1715 (24 Sep. - Paris), who had a son, Henri, who became a banker in Le Havre, thus likely an older relative of Eugène. The etymology of Tritonia hombergii Cuvier, 1803 is likely the same. Eugène Homberg is likely a descendant of a the first settler by this name in Le Havre, who arrived there from the Mayence area, Germany, around 1720 together with his German/Jewish wife. The family, beeing the only jews in Le Havre, became French citicens and catholics more than half a century later. They were mainly engaged in weaponry and international business with Russia, the West Indies and several Northern countries. They also took part in the slave-trade in the end of the 18:th century and founded a sucessfull insurance company. The eponyms are perhaps most likely in honour of Wilhelm, despite the fact that he was active so early, because he is the only person in the family before Eugène, known to have been active within natural history - and may possibly have collected the creatures, when visiting relatives in Normandie.

Dr. Jean-Loup d'Hondt, 1943-, French invertebrate zoologist at the Paris Museum, who has been working on different taxa, e.g. gastrotrichs and bryozoans. He is also interested in the history of zoology [Dhondtiscus Gordon, 1989, Schizomavella hondti Reverter Gil & Fernandez Pulpeiro, 1996]. His wife Dr. Marie-José d'Hondt, (4 Apr.) 1943-, who is working on octocorals, also at MNHN, Paris, is honoured in the octocoral names Acanthoisis dhondtae Bayer & Stefani, 1987 and Notodysiferus dhondtae Alderslade, 2003.

Dr. Bronislaw Mark Honigberg, (Warsaw, Poland) 1920-1992 (1 May), trichomonad specialist at the Univ. of Massachusetts and founder of taxon Kinetoplastida. In the beginning of WW2, he left his medical studies in Poland and fled to the USA, studying at the Univ. of California, Berkeley and later researching at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Koji Honjo, 1927-, Japanese at the Tokai Regional Fisheries Research Laboratory, who has worked on distribution of copepods.

Dr. Matthew D. Hooge, 19??-, The Univ. of Maine (PhD there in 2002 - a disciple of S. Tyler (q.v.)), US acoel specialist.

Prof. Sir William Jackson Hooker, (6 July - Norwich) 1785-1865 (12 Aug.), English botanist. He was appointed Regius Professor of Botany at Glasgow in 1820 and Director of the Royal Gardens at Kew in 1841. His father-in-law was Dawson Turner (q.v.) (i.e. married to Maria Sarah Turner, 1797-1872) [Lekanesphaera hookeri (Leach, 1814), Cellularia hookeri (a junior synonym of Caberea boryi), Aglaothamnion hookeri (Dillwyn, 1809) Maggs & Hommersand, 1993, Turritella hookeri Reeve, 1849].

Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, (30 June - Halesworth, Suffolk) 1817-1911 (10 Dec.), British botanist, who took part in the British Antarctic Expedition, 1839-43. In 1865 he succeded his father William (who died - see above) as director of Kew Gardens. A very close friend was C. Darwin (q.v.). Between 1863-83 he and George Bentham, 1800-1884, published "Genera Plantarum", a catalogue of all known families and genera of flowering plants and in 1883 he founded "Index Kewensis", a list of all scientific plant names accompanied by descriptions. In 1851 he married Frances Harriet Henslow, 1825--74, daughter of J.S Henslow (q.v.), but after her death, he remarried. He was knighted in 1869.

Capt. Calvin Leighton Hooper, (7 July - Boston) 1842-1900 (7 Apr. - in his home of the Linda Vista District of Oakland), reported in 1885 on the cruise of the U.S. Revenue Steamer Thomas Corwin in the Arctic Ocean, 1881 and is likely the person remembered in the medusa name Stylactis hooperi Sigerfoos, 1889. He was the person, who detected Wrangel Island.

John Hooper, (Oxford, England) 1802-1869 (26 Apr. - Brooklyn, New York), published "Introduction to algology..." in Brooklyn, in 1850. He had arrived to USA from England in 1839.

Dr. John N.A. Hooper, 1957-, started studying sponges at Darwin, Northern Territories, and subsequently managed to become Australia's leading sponge taxonomist . He moved to the Queensland Museum at Brisbane. He was the first to put a voluminous and comprehensive "Sponge Guide" on the Internet, as a help for whoever wants to access the sponge classification [Cymbastela hooperi Van Soest et al., 1996 (a species hiding compounds with pharmaceutical use against malaria), Halicometes hooperi Lévi, 1993, Phakellia hooperi Desqueyroux-Faundez & Van Soest, 1997]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

The Rev. Frederick William Hope, (3 Jan. - London) 1797-1862 (15 Apr.), FRS & FLS, is another of the rare entomologists whose name has entered the marine fauna. Hope was a famous and wealthy amateur entomologist who established the Hope Professorship at Oxford, given for the first time to Hope's follower Westwood (q.v.). Hope's only foray into the marine area was in his "Catalogo dei Crostacei Italiani" published in Naples in 1851, a catalog of crustaceans from the Mediterranean, 48 pages and a plate. His friend Costa (q.v.) edited this, and hence the origin of the species names Scopelocheirus hopei (Costa, 1851) and Jaera hopeana Costa, 1853 [Thuridilla hopei (Vérany, 1853)]. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided this information).

The founder in 1891 of Hopkins Seaside Laboratory (as well as Palo Alto), Timothy Hopkins (born in Augusta, Maine as Nolan, but adopted son of Mrs. Mark Hopkins), 1859-1936 (1 Jan.), who also was a major benefactor of the Stanford University is honoured in the nudibranch genus name Hopkinsia MacFarland, 1905 in the kalyptorhynch name Paraschizorhynchoides glandulis hopkinsi Karling, 1989 and likely in the myxozoan name Ceratomyxa hopkinsi Jameson, 1929, the foraminiferan name Hopkinsina Howe & Wallace, 1933, the prolecithophoran name Allostoma hopkinsi Karling, 1993. The copepods Zaus spinatus hopkinsi Lang, 1965, Robertgurneya hopkinsi Lang, 1965 and Enhydrosoma hopkinsi Lang, 1965 are evidently named for the Hopkins Laboratory, which is the oldest marine laboratory on the US west coast. Only the marine laboratories at Woods Hole (1888) and Cold Spring Harbor (1890) are older in the country. Dr. Thomas S. Hopkins, 193?-, Univ. of Alabama, is a namesake interested in the genus Henricia. The Florida mysid name Heteromysis hopkinsi Modlin, 1984 is a tribute to him. The British entomologist George Henry Evans Hopkins, 1898-1973, is not a likely candidate in marine names. He always used only the initials G.H.E. in correspondence, but was known as "Harry" by his friends.

Prof. Dr. Sewell Hepburn Hopkins, (24 Mar. - Nuttall, V:a) 1906-1984 (15 Nov.), a marine biologist best known for his research into the effects of oil spills on marine life in the Gulf of Mexico. He was the son of Nicholas Snowden Hopkins and Selina Lloyd Hepburn Hopkins and received a B.S. in 1927 from the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Va., followed by the M.A. in 1930 and the Ph.D. in Zoology in 1933 from the University of Illinois. In 1930 Hopkins married Pauline Cole and they had two sons, Thomas Johns Hopkins (b. 28 July 1930) and Nicholas Arthur Hopkins (b. 4 Sep. 1936). Hopkins was appointed as a Biology Instructor at Danville Junior College in Virginia (1933-1935), but in 1935 he transferred to the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, now Texas A & M University. Hopkins remained on the faculty at Texas A & M University as an Instructor, then Associate Professor until 1947, when he was promoted to Professor of Biology, a position he held until his retirement in 1972. Perhaps the highlight of Hopkins' career was when he was appointed Director of Research Project 9 with the Texas A & M Research Foundation (1947-1950). His research interests included parasitology; taxonomy, morphology and life history of trematodes; life history of crabs; oyster biology; and ecology of estuaries. Hopkins was made Professor Emeritus of Texas A & M University in 1972. (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided this information).

Dr. Bruce E. Hopper, 19??-, Canadian nematod researcher, is honoured in the nematode name Hopperia Vitiello, 1969.

Dr. Arthur Tindell Hopwood, (15 July) 1897-1969 (22 Oct.), FLS. He lived first in Manchester later on in London, where he worked almost during his whole life as a paleontologist at the Geological Department of the British Museum of Natural History. His initial publications were authored as Arthur T. Hopwood, later on the name A. Tindell Hopwood was employed. He was also interested in molluscs and became an active member of both the Malacological Society of London (1924-1955) and the Conchological Society of Great Britain (1919-1959). A signed portrait of Hopwood was published in the Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 26 (1): plate 1 (frontispiece). He maintained an extensive private collection of Conidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda), of which he donated at least 66 duplicate samples to Arthur Blok (q.v.) in May 1957. That material forms now part of the Mollusc Collection of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The marine gastropod Conus hopwoodi, a new name for Conus gracilis Sowerby III 1875 neither Sowerby II 1823 nor Wood 1828, was named after him by J.R. le B. Tomlin in 1936. In addition several fossil non-marine vertebrates were dedicated to him. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem, kindly provided this information).

Quirino Hora, beginning of the 1940s-, a shell collector and dealer from the Philippines. The marine gastropod Bursa (Colubrellina) quirihorai Beu, 1987, of which he had collected the holotype, was named after him. The gastropod name Primovula horai Cardin, 1994 is likely named for the same person. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv & Jerusalem, kindly provided this information).

Hore : (see Coode).

Lacking information about the nudibranch name Eubranchus horii Baba, 1960, but possibly a tribute to Shigeo Hori, 19??-, Japanese opisthobranch researcher.

Dr. Masuoki Horikoshi, 1925-2003, Ocean Research Institute, Univ. of Tokyo, Japan, is honoured in the scaphopod name Fissidentalium horikoshii Okutani, 1982 and in the polychaete name Terebellides horikoshii Imajima & Williams, 1985. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided date of decease)

The guitar fish name Rhinobatos horkelii Müller & Henle, 1841 is likely a tribute to Prof. Dr. Johann Horkel, (8 Sep. - Burg auf Fehmarn) 1769-1846 (15 Nov. - Berlin), German physician and botanist, because of the sentence "Syntypus in Alkohol , durch Prof. HORKEL".

Dr. James Hornell, (Manchester) 1865-1949 (24 Feb.), FLS, was a scotsman (a Scots father and a Lancashire mother and schooldays spent at Kirkcudbright), who after a few years at Univ. College, Liverpool under W.A. Herdman (q,v.) until he moved to Jersey in 1891, where he worked with his father-in-law Sinel (q.v.), published mainly on fisheries from many parts of the world, chiefly India, where he was employed as a superintendent of fisheries in Madras after first having stayed at Ceylon during the first 6 years of the new century to study pearl fishery (having followod Herdman as his assistant to Ceylon and staying there when Herdman went home after a year there). He also published 'The Sacred Chank of India', Madras Fisheries Bulletin 14: 1-181, 18 pls. (1914) regarding Turbinella pyrum (Linnaeus) and its use as a sacred shell in hinduism and buddhism and several other smaller papers of its role in Hindu life and several articles on aspects of folklore and ethnology, because after retireing from fisheries, he started a new career as an ethnographer. [Hornellia Walker, 1904, Parastenhelia hornelli Thompson & A. Scott, 1903, Ochetostoma hornelli (Prashad, 1921)].

Prof. Jens Wilken Hornemann, (6 Mar. - Marstal) 1770-1841 (30 July), Danish botanist, is honoured in the red algal name Portieria hornemannii (Lyngbye) P.C. Silva.

The collector of the holotype P. Horner in the Callianassid name Neocallichirus horneri Sakai, 1988 from the Darwin area, N Australia, may likely be the herpetologist Dr. Paul Horner, 19??-, at the Northern Territory Museum.

The Greifswald Botany Professor Christian Friedrich Hornschuch, (21 Aug. - Rodach, Bavaria) 1793-1850 (24 Dec.), German botanist, had earlier studied under C.A. Agardh (q.v.) in Lund. [Sargassum hornschuchii C. Agardh].

Mrs. Hava Hornung, (born in Poland) 1929-, started on a career at the Sea Fisheries Research Station in Haifa (prior to 1962). From there she moved on 1 May 1972 to the Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research Institute at Tel Shiqmona, south of Haifa, Israel, until 30 June 1999 when she retired. Mrs. Hornung worked chiefly as a technician in the field of marine ecology and chemistry. She published numerous reports on the accumulation of pollutants, especially heavy metals, in marine flora and fauna of the Levant Basin. The Decapod crustacean Levantocaris hornungae Galil & Clark, 1993 was named after her in appreciation for a lifetime work on the Eastern Mediterranean fauna. (Curator Henk Mienis, Tel Aviv Univ., kindly provided this information)

George Adrian Horridge, 1927-, marine zoologist connected with the Gatty Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews Univ.

Dr. Thomas Horsfield (12 May - Bethlehem, Pa) 1773-1859 (24 July - London), sailed as a ship's physician to China in 1799 and was so fascinated by beauty of Java, that he in 1801 left USA for a 2:nd and last time. He served as a doctor in Java, but met Raffles (q.v.) and made extensive tours in the the area collecting all kinds of natural objects, but perhaps mainly herbs and insects. In 1819 he arrived in London, where he then stayed.

Rev. John William Horsley, (14 June) 1845-1921 (25 Nov.), Mayor of Southwark, Canon of Southwark Cathedral and British malacologist.

Dr. Cornelis Jan van der Horst, (11 May - Nieuwer-Amstel) 1889-1951 (10 Oct. - Johannesburg), who started his zoological career as as assistant curator to Max Weber (q.v.) regarding the invertebrate collections at the museum in Amsterdam, achieved his doctoral thesis in Amsterdam in 1916, becoming an assistant to Sluiter (q.v.) in 1917, In 1920 he made a half year long collection trip to Curaçao, receiving a lot of invertebrate material, but moved in 1928 to South Africa, where he was appointed professor at the University of Johannesburg; founded the well-known Inhaca Island Biological Station in Mozambique; besides on Hemichordata, he worked on Madreporaria (publishing on the Siboga material as well as the deep water Indian Ocean corals of Percy Sladen's expedition) and mainly generally on comparative neurology, brain anatomy and palaeontology. In 1951 he was awarded the Linnaeus medal from the Swedish Royal Academy of Science [Micrura vanderhorsti Stiasny-Wijnhoff, 1925, Cassiopea vanderhorsti Stiasny, 1922, Saccoglossus horsti Brambell & Goodhart, 1941].

Dietrich, Freiherr von der Horst, (4 July) 1902-1982 (4 Jan.), German malacologist.

Dr. Rutgerus Horst, (16 Aug. - Angerlo) 1849-1930 (18 Oct. - Leiden), succeded in 1884 de Man (q.v.) as invertebrate curator at the Leiden Museum. He obtained his PhD in Utrecht in 1876 on Lumbricus anatomy and continued working mainly on oligochaetes and polychaetes. He retired in 1923 [Phascolosoma (Antillesoma) horsti (ten Broeke, 1925), Edwardsia horstii Pax, 1924, Euphrosinopsis horsti Kudenov, 1993].

It is not the Hungarian malacologist Andor Horváth, (5 Nov.) 1913-1972 (8 Feb.), who is honoured in the foraminiferan name Stetsonia horvathi Green, 1960, but Mr. Charles Horvath, 19??-, who during 3 expeditions between 1952 through 1955 collected the foraminiferan material in the Air force's floating Research Station T-3, since the US Air Force first occupied it in 1952, and in the isopod name Caecijaera horvathi Menzies, 1951 from Los Angeles Long Beach Harbor, is likely in honour of a local Horvath person. The diatom name Mastogloia horvathiana Grünow, 1860 must be named after another person, but who? Evidently a collector Dr. Horváth (possibly the entomologist G. Horváth? =? Greyza von Horváth, 18??-19??), who together with a person named Leonidas collected in the Red Sea, likely in connection with the Austrian frigate Novara's circumnavigation 1857-60.

The Fraser's dolphin name Lagenodelphis hosei F.C. Fraser, 1956 is in honour of the British naturalist and ethnologist Dr. Charles Hose, (12 Oct. - Hertfordshire) 1863-1929 (14 Nov.), who first found a dead specimen on the beach of Sarawak (Borneo) in 1895. He was Divisional Resident and Member of The Supreme Council of Sarawak and also the author of "A Descriptive Account of the Mammals of Borneo".

The copepod name Paratigriopus hoshidei Ito, 1969 may possibly be a tribute to Dr. Kazumi Hoshide, 19??-, Yamaguchi University, who during long time has published on Japanese gregarines. Hoshide is also honoured in gregarine names, like Gregarina kazumii Levine, 1985.

Prof. Dr. Toshikazu Hoshina, (14 Dec. - Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan) 1907-2000, fish parasitologist and pathologist, who also was interested in copepods parasitic in mollusks and fish.

Prof. Zen-Ichiro Hoshino, 19??-2000 (22 Oct.), Japanese ascidiologist at Iwate Univ.

Dr. Takaharu Hoshino, 1947-1988, Hiroshima Univ., was Japan's leading sponge taxonomist in the 1980s [Acarnus hoshinoi Van Soest et al., 1991]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

Cécile Hoskens, 19??-, assisted her husband, the author of Notovoluta hoskensae Poppe, 1992 in his conchological works [Perrinia cecileae  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided one of the eponyms)

The ostracod name Hemicytherura hoskini Horne, 1981 may likely be a tribute to the US palaeontologist and ostracod researcher Dr. Charles M. Hoskin, 19??-, who achieved his PhD in 1962.

Commander Richard Fraser Hoskyn , 18??-1892 (27 Jan. - European General Hospital, Bombay - after having left his ship in the hands af Liuet. G.S. Gunn at 3:rd Jan., on 6 months sick leave), of the Marine Survey steamer 'Investigator' is honoured in the decapod name Ephyrina hoskynii Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891. He must have been rather young, when he died, likely in his 40s, because he had married in 1888 and had 3 very young children.

Lacking information about Hoskyns in the bivalve name Cyclopecten hoskynsi Forbes, 1844.

Lacking information about Hoso in the scaphopod name Striodentalium hosoi T. Habe, 1963.

Regarding the nudibranch name Cratena kaoruae Marcus, 1957: "3 specimens collected by Lic. Kaoru Hosoe (now Mrs. Moriguchi) who drew figs. 223 and 224 and furnished the sections and the data that refer to the living animals." (Dr. Gary McDonald, Santa Cruz, California kindly provided this information).

Kakujiro Hosoya, 1880-1956, Japanese malacologist, is honoured in the gastropod names Polinices didyma hosoyai T. Kuroda & T. Kira, 1959 and Polinices hosoyai Kira. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided the connection between taxon names and person and provided his dates)

Saint-Cyr Hotessier, 1???-18??, French malacologist from Guadeloupe, is honoured in the gastropod names Opalia hotessieriana (d'Orbigny, 1842), Nassarius hotessieri (d'Orbigny, 1845) and Anachis hotessieriana (d'Orbigny, 1842). (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided information about the first name of the honoured person).

Roland Houart, 1947-, of Landen (Belgium), President of the Belgian Society of Malacology, who has contibuted much to the knowledge of the muricid shells. From 1976 to 1999 he named already almost 200 new Recent species and a few new genera. He continues the study of Muricidae and will publish soon a review of European muricids. [Houartiella Smriglio, Mariottini & Bonfitto, 1997, Calliostoma houart, Vilvens, 2000, Boreotrophon houarti Egorov, 1994, Cymbiolacca pulchra f. houarti Poppe, 1985, Attiliosa houarti Vokes, 1999, Gibbula houarti  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided one of the eponyms).

Dr. Richard Steven Houbrick, (16 Mar. - Trenton, New Jersey) 1937-1993 (26 Aug.), U.S. malacologist [Bittium houbricki Ponder, 1993, Laevidentalium houbricki Scarabino, 1995, Mathilda houbricki Bieler, 1995]. (Dr. Rüdiger Bieler himself kindly provided the last eponym).

Dr. Gillian Houghton, 19??-1995 (Oct.), fish pathologist.

Dr. Maarten (Martinus) Houttuijn, (Hoom) 1720-1798 (2 May - Amsterdam), Dutch botanist, ichthyologist and physician.

Prof. Dr. Raymond Hovasse, 1895-1989, French protistologist, Prof. of Zoology at the Univ. of Strasbourg.

Dr. Harry A. ten Hove, 1942-, Dutch serpulid researcher at the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam [Mariansabellaria tenhovei Kirtley, 1994, Bathyditrupa hovei Kupriyanova, 1993, Alvania tenhovei Hoenselaar & Goud, 1998, Hydroides tenhovei Bastida Zavala & de Leon Gonzalez, 2002, Pseudovermilia harryi De Matos Nogueira & Abbud, 2009].

The scleractinian name Astrangia howardi Durham & Barnard, 1952 is not likely a tribute to the US entomologist Dr. Leland Ossian Howard, 1857-1950, more likely a tribute to the geologist / palaeontologist Prof. Dr. Arthur David Howard, 19??-, of Stanford Univ. or possibly simply the eponym is in honour of a person by the first name Howard?

Della "Faye" Ballou Howard de Montano, (Crumpler, Ashe County, North Carolina) 1907-1984 (Dec. - Santa Barbara), research associate in conchology at Santa Barbara Mus. of Nat. Hist., USA. Her family moved to California around 1919, where she stayed for the rest of her life. She attendet the Univ of California (Berkeley), studying biology (no degree), becoming an amateur malacologist, entering the discipline in 1932. She participated in in expeditions from Alaska to Panama, most taking place durung the 1960s and early 1970s. She was associated with the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History starting in 1960, which housed the 70,000 specimens Yates (q.v.) collection. She brokered the aquisition of the S. Stillman Berry (q.v.) collection in Nov. 1984 for the Museum. Upon her death, she endowed funds to assist in the construction of a research and collection storage facility of the museum to house what had now become an extensive collection. She contributed to the endowment of the Howard-Berry Chair of Malacology at the museum. [Chromodoris fayae Lance, 1968, Nassarius howardae Chace, 1958, Anachis fayae Keen, 1971, Pterotyphis fayae Keen & Campbell, 1964]. (This information was kindly provided by David Howard, her grandson, saying that some material was taken from Santa Barbara Magazine, Spring 1997, "Shell Seekers", pp.55-59, Dr. Henry W. Chaney)

Lacking information about Howe in the ostracod name Baffinicythere howei Hazel, 1967. There are at least 2 US ostracodologists by that name, H.V. Howe, who published (at least) between 1935-89 and R.C. Howe, who published in 1963. The first of these person may be identical with Henry Van Wagenen Howe, 1896-1973, US micropalaeontologist, who has published on Cretaceous and recent ostracods. The ostracod species name Heinia howei Bold, 1985 is named for H. V. W. Howe and the ostracod genus name Henryhowella Puri, 1956 is likely named for him as well. There is also a Freeland Howe, (30 May - Norway, Maine) 1870-1958 (23 Feb.), who in 1899 reported on a dredging expedition to southern New England. As a microbiologist, he specialized in water quality and municipal water consulting. He was a master of arts candidate with Harvard University in 1898-1899 and was at the Woods Hole Biological Laboratory and became also an author of several books on water filtration. Freeland's older brother, George Robley Howe, (4 Aug.) 1860-1950 (5 Feb.), started a youth group that had a Sidney I. Smith Biology section. George's youth group was soon imitated by two other youth groups around the USA and was imitated by the Boy Scouts. One of the youth group's original members, Vivian Akers, eventually married Addison E. Verrill's daughter. Both Verrill (q.v. - under Bush) and Smith (q.v.) (who had grown up in Norway, Maine and were brothers-in-law) were good friends of George Howe and his brother, Freeland, and much of the local history revolves around the Howe's activities. Another connection is that Verrill was first cousin with the most famous contemporary writer in the world, Dr. Charles Asbury Stephens, (21 Oct.) 1844-1931 (22 Sep.), (MD from Boston Univ. in 1887), who also lived in Norway, Maine. Although Stephens wrote 36 books, they were all cute short stories and as such have been forgotten by modern readers. Stephens also wrote for the very popular Youth's Companion, the magazine with the world's largest circulation in the time period, but which went out of business not long after Stephens died. Stephens was a very good friend of Louis Agassiz (q.v.) and went on two of his major expeditions. Stephens went to school under Agassiz and was good friends with Alpheus Hyatt (q.v.) (founder of the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory) and paleontologist Prof. Dr. Nathaniel Southgate Shaler, 1841-1906. Many of Stephens' fiction stories contain characters based on Verrill, Shaler, Hyatt, ("Wash", "Wade", "Raed") and Agassiz. Thinking of the time lapse between the activity period of the Norway, Maine brothers' activity period and the publication date of Hazel's ostracod name, it is of course rather unlikely that any of these gentlemen is the honoured person. (The information on the occupation, dates, his - and his brother's - relations with contemporary scientists, etc., of the last person was kindly given by the historian and mineralogist Vandall King, Rochester Academy of Sciences, who is writing a biography about the mineralogist George R. Howe).

Dr. Marshall Avery Howe, (6 June - Newfane, Vermont) 1867-1936, U.S. phycologist, studied in Vermont, went to California and achieved his PhD at Univ. of Columbia, but ended up in the New York Botanical Garden, where he built up a very fine algal herbarium [likely Haslea howeana (Hagelstein, 1938) Giffen, 1980].

Lacking information about Howell in the fish name Howella Ogilby, 1899.

The gastropod name Conus howelli T. Iredale, 1929 is in honour of Mr. Herbert Howell, 18??-19??, malacologist, who originally often collected rare shells from trawlers in the Aberdeen area, but during the end of the 1920s had moved to Australia and collected much in the same way there.

Lacking information about Howell in the gastropod names Ficus howelli Clench & Farfante, 1940 and Fusiturricula howelli Hertlein & Strong, 1951. Possibly the US zoologist Alfred Brazier Howell, (28 July - Catonsville, Maryland) 1886-1961, working on speed in animals, but mainly interested in vertebrates, especially birds, may be the honoured person? A namesake is the US geologist Edwin Eugene Howell, (Genesee County, New York) 1845-1911. A more likely namesake may be Dr. Luis Howell-Rivero, 1???-19??, of the University of Havana, Cuban biologist and anthropologist, who especially during the 1920s and 1930s found several new marine species (fish, molluscs, foraminiferans, crustaceans, etc.), later working for UNESCO. At least the crustacean species Munidopsis riveroi Chace, 1939 is named for him as must also Processa riveroi Manning and Chace, 1971 be.

Lacking information about Howes in the actiniarian name Rhodactis howesii Saville-Kent, 1893. Possibly the British zoologist and writer Thomas George Bond Howes, 1858-1905, FRS, Demonstrator of Biology, Normal School of Science, and Royal School of Mines, South Kensington, but perhaps more likely an Australian person, if a person at all? A small possibility may instead be that the species instead was found at Lord Howe Island?

Mr. David Howlett, 19??-, Port Lincoln, South Africa collected most of the type lot of Dermomurex howletti Vokes, 1995.

Richard Howse, 1821-1901, British malacologist. Curator and geologist of the Hancock Museum, Newcastle upon Tyne. [Colus howsei (Marshall, 1911) (a synonym of C. jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868)), Raspailia howsei (Bowerbank,1866), Cliona howsei Hancock, 1849].

Dr. Siegmar Hoxhold, 19??-, Göttingen (living in Osterode am Harz), has published on ecology of interstitial Kalyptorhynchia during the 1970s and on taxonomy of the same group during the 1980s [Schizochilus hoxholdi Karling, 1989].

Dr. Williams Evans Hoyle, (28 Jan.) 1855-1926 (7 Feb. - after 2 years of ill health), British medical anatomist; the first director of the National Museum of Wales 1909-1926 and malacologist, who published especially on cephalopods, mainly from the large expeditions of his time [Trophon hoylei H. Strebel, 1904, Cirroteuthis hoylei Robson, 1932, Abraliopsis hoylei (G. Pfeffer, 1884), Pterygioteuthis giardi hoylei (G. Pfeffer, 1912), Histioteuthis hoylei (Goodrich, 1896), Yoldia hoylei Smith, 1885, Pteroctopus hoylei (Berry, 1909)].{photo from: Transaction of the Cardiff Naturalists' Society vol. LIC (1926) / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi-Savelli}.

Prof. Dr. Sanji Hôzawa, 18??-19??, Tôhoku Imperial University, Sandai, Japan, is honoured in the sipunculid name Thysanocardia hozawai (Sato, 1937) and in the calcareous sponge name Vosmaeropsis hozawai Borojecic & Klautau, 2000. Hôzawa published in 1919 on calcareous sponges collected in the NW Pacific by the US R/V Albatross in 1906 and published on a new Japanese genus of calcareous sponges in 1923 and on other calcaraeous sponges from Sagami Bay in 1929 and 1933 and also pubished a work as late as 1941 [Stylostomum hozawai Kato, 1939].

Professor Dr. Sergej Hrabe,1899-1984, from the Univ. of Brno, wrote many papers, mainly about oligochaetes, during all his active life. [Hrabeiella Pizl & Chalupsky, 1984].

The fish name Cirrhitops hubbardi (Schultz, 1943) may possibly have been a tribute to Samuel Hubbard, 18??-19??, Californian fish collector, honoured in Parophrys hubbardi Gill, 1863, (T.N. Gill (q.v.) published a paper named "Notice of a collection of the fishes of California presented to the Smithsonian Institution by Mr. Samuel Hubbard"; this person likely may have been the father of his identical namesake Dr. Samuel Hubbard, (Rincon Hill, San Francisco) 1863-1944 (13 June - Oakland), Honorary Curator of Archaeology of the Oakland Museum, i.e. not the more well-known entomologist Samuel Hubbard Scudder, 1837-1911,). (S. Hubbard Sr. was a half-brother of Gardiner Greene Hubbard, (25 Aug. - Boston) 1822-1897 (11 Dec.), the founder of the National Geographic Society, who also financed the development of the telephone by his son-in-law Alexander Graham Bell, 1847-1922). A namesake was Dr. Eber Ward Hubbard, (8 Oct. - Steuben, N. Y.) 1797-1872 (7 May), US physician and malacologist, who first practised medicine in Ohio, before moving to Tottenville, Staten Island.

Prof. Dr. Carl Leavitt Hubbs, (18 Oct. - Williams, Arizona) 1894-1979 (30 June - La Jolla, Cal.), Prof. of biology at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography [Nembrotha hubbsi Lance, 1968, Merluccius hubbsi, Rosenblattichthys hubbsi Johnson, 1974, Eptatretus carlhubbsi McMillan & Wisner, 1984 possibly Abyssotrophon hubbsi (Rokop, 1972), Mesoplodon carlhubbsi Moore, 1963, Bathyraja hubbsi Ishihara & Ishiyama, 1985]. Octopus hubbsorum Berry, 1953 was named for Carl L. as well as his wife Laura Cornelia (Clark) Hubbs, (26 Mar. - St. Edwards, Nebraska) 1893-1988 (24 June - La Jolla, Cal.) [Eptatretus laurahubbsae McMillan & Wisner, 1984], and their son Prof. Dr. Clark Hubbs, (15 Mar. - Ann Arbor, Michigan) 1921-2008 (3 Feb.), professor of biology at the Univeristy of Texas at Austin, all ichthyologists. Lauras family moved from the neighbourhood of Omaha, Nebraska to California in 1910. She there continued her education at Stanford College, met her husband to be and married him in 1918. After having teached mathematics, she began to share her husband's interest in ichthyology and helped him during his time as curator at the Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor Michigan in 1920-44 and after that at Scripps, California, where Carl got a professorship in Biology in 1944. She also assisted her husband on all their field trips. The family had two sons, both becoming ichthyologists and one daughter (Frances Vorhees Hubbs Miller, (17 Apr. - Chicago) 1919-87 (17 Oct.)), who married Dr. Robert Rush Miller, (23 Apr. - Colorado Springs) 1916-2003 (10 Feb.), also he an ichthyologist like his wife [Cheilopogon milleri (Gibbs & Staiger, 1970)]. Their third child Earl, became a high school teacher of biology in Orange County, California. The ichthyologist Dr. Robert Lester Wisner, (24 Dec. - Indiana) 1912-2005 (30 July - La Mesa, California), acted as assistant to CLH. (Carl Hubbs (left) & Errol Flynn, a son of another zoologist (see George Williams))

Prof. Alex Hubert, (14 May - Darmstadt) 1938-1999 (16 Feb. - Erlangen), magnetism researcher working also on i.a. cowries, is honourd in the cowry name Nesiocypraea alexhuberti Lorenz & Hubert, 2000 and likely in the gastropod name Muricopsis huberti Radwin & D' Attilio, 1976.

Dr. Ambrosius Arnold Willem Hubrecht, (2 Mar. - Rotterdam) 1853-1915 (21 Mar.), zoologist, who got his first education in his home city. After a year in Delft, he went to Utrecht in 1870 to study biology. In 1874 he achieved his PhD on a dissertation on Nemerteans for P. Harting (q.v.), but had in 1873 moved to Leiden, where Selenka (q.v.) then was stationed and followed him to Erlangen. From 1875-82 Hubrecht was curator of fishes at the Leiden Museum, followed by a professorship in zoology at the Utrecht University, where he then stayed, continuing his work on nemerteans. However, he was also very interested in vertebrates and during his last time he devoted himself to more or less speculative vertebrate evolution [Punnettia hubrechti Stiasny-Wijnhoff, 1926, Protopelagonemertes hubrechti (Brinkmann, 1917), Hubrechtella Bergendal, 1902, Lagisca hubrechti (M'Intosh, 1885), Lineus hubrechti (Langerhans, 1880), Dinomenia hubrechti Nierstrasz, 1902].

Steve Hubrecht, 19??-, Belgian conchologist who built one of the major collections of our time. [Jujubinus hubrechti  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Acanthodoris hudsoni MacFarland, 1905 was named for Capt. Charles Bradford Hudson, (27 Jan. - Ontario, Canada) 1865-1939 (27 June), Pcific Grove, California, artist of the US Bureau of Fisheries, but also author and army officer.

William Hudson, (White Lion Inn, Kendal (owned by his father between 1730-32)) around 1732-1793 (23 May - Jermyn Street, by paralysis and according to the Gentleman's Magazine, being in his 60:th year), a London apothecary, elected F.R.S. in 1761, published in 1762 "Flora Anglica", which included many algae species and marked the establishment of Linnaean principles of botany in Britain and in 1791 joining the Linnean Society [Helminthocladia hudsonii].

Epitonium huffmani Dushane & McLean, 1968 was named for Al Huffman, 1???-19??, who collected material in the Gulf of California during the 1930s. At the same time and also during the 1940s Earl C. Huffman collected in around the same area, so it is easy to beleive that they were related, if not identical (if the names Earl and Al were mixed up). A person named Earl C. Huffman from Armstrong County, Pennsylvania lived between 1898-1986, but it is impossible to know if he is identical with the malacological collector.

The crab name Psopheticus hughi Rathbun, 1914 was named for Dr. Hugh McCormick Smith, (21 Nov. - Washington D.C.) 1865-1941 (28 Sep.), U.S. Commissioner of Fisheries.

The Nova Scotian polychaete name Minusculisquama hughesi Pettibone, 1983 is named for Dr. Trevor G. Hughes, 19??-, one of the collectors in 1976 in St. Margaret's Bay.

O.F.U.J. Huguenin, 18??-1???, Engeneer of the mines, one of the distributors of fishes from Banjoewangi and Buitenzorg , is honoured in the fish name Repomucenus huguenini Bleeker, 1858-59.

Henrik Jørgen Huitfeldt-Kaas, (2 Feb. - Oslo) 1834-1905 (18 May - Oslo), reported on synascidians from the Norwegian North Atlantic Expedition, but was else mainly a historian, publishing about Norwegian nobility, but his son Valentin Wilhelm Hartvig Huitfeldt-Kaas, (4 Nov. - Oslo) 1867-1941 (4 Dec. - Oslo), became a limnologist.

Neil Carlton Hulings, 19??-, US meiofauna worker, who has published i.a. on ostracods (and on meiofauna methodology together with the British ecologist Prof. Dr. John Stuart Gray, (Bolsover, England) 1941-2007 (21 Oct. - by pancreatic cancer), who worked in Oslo, Norway during the last decades of the 20:th century [Florarctus hulingsi Renaud-Mornant, 1976, Parasterope hulingsi Baker, 1978].

Chiton hullianus & Tonicia hulliana were named for Arthur Francis Bassett Hull, (10 Oct. - Hobart) 1862-1945 (22 Sep. - Manly, Sydney), Tasmanian ornithologist and malacologist specialized in Polyplacophora. He was also a philatelist. {photo from A monograph of Australian Loricates, Iredal & Hull, 1927 / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi-Savelli}.

Dr. P. Alexander "Butch" Hulley, 19??-, curator of Fishes at the South African Museum [Eustomias hulleyi Gomon & Gibbs, 1985].

Lacking information about Hulme in the gastropod name Natica hulmei A. W. B. Powell, 1954. The botanist Frederick Edward Hulme, 1841-1909, is likely not a probable honouree, but more likely a collector from New Zealand.

Dr. Kuni(gunde) Hulsemann, (21 Oct. - Krefeld) 1927-2006 (23 Nov. - Halle), is honoured in the copepod names Euaugaptilus hulsemannae Matthews, 1971, Hyalopontius hulsemannae Boxshall, 1979 & Kunihulsea arabica Schulz, 1992. She retired in October 1992 from her position in the Taxonomische Arbeitsgruppe at the Biologische Anstalt Helgoland, after several years studies of marine copepods. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided the dates).

The scleractinian species name Coenocyathus humanni Cairns, 2000 is a tribute to Paul Humann, 19??-, US underwater photographer and publisher of books about marine fauna.

Dr. N.E. Jöran Hult, (27 June - Eskilstuna) 1909-1982 (17 July - Göteborg), Swedish zoologist, who specialized on marine isopods in his doctoral dissertation in Uppsala in 1942. In 1948 he was appointed Director-in-chief of the Royal Swedish Fishery Board. He retired in 1975.

Baron Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt, (14 Sep. - Berlin) 1769-1859 (6 May - Berlin), German renowned scientific traveller, who by the Spanish king had been allowed to travel in Spanish America, so his first trip together with Bonpland (q.v.) during 1799-1804 went to Mexico, Cuba and South America, after which he spent a long time in Paris completing the expediotion results, but returned to Berlin in 1827, from where he - invited by czar Nikolai I - in 1829 together with Ehrenberg (q.v.) and the Berlin mineralogist Prof. Gustav Rose, (18 Mar. - Berlin) 1798-1873 (15 July - Berlin), undertook a last large expedition to Ural, Altai, Caspian Sea and Russian borders areas to China. He remained unmarried and was a strong opponent of oppression and slavery. Darwin considered him as the largest discoverer of his time. [Euparthenia humboldti (Risso, 1826), Rhinocoryne humboldti (Valenciennes, 1832), Aurotrema humboldti (Hertlein & Strong, 1951)] {more info}.

Professor Dr. Arthur Grover Humes, (22 Jan. - Seekonk, Mass.) 1916-1999 (16 Oct.), very productive specialist on copepods associated to other organisms, who achieved his PhD in Illinois in 1941. He worked at the Boston Univ. from 1941 until retirement in 1981 and continued to work there long after retirement. His contributions were acknowledged by the genera Humesia Avdeev, 1980; Humesiella Sebastian & Pillai, 1973, Humesulus Ho, 1982 & Arthurhumesia Bresciani & Lopez-Gonzalez, 2001; alongside 11 species named for him. Humes was for nearly 20 years the Founder-Editor of the Journal of Crustacean Biology. He had many excellent copepod students at Boston University and Woods Hole. At the time of his decease he had described more than 5% of the almost 12,000 species of copepods known [Carcinonemertes humesi Gibson & Jones, 1990, Sacodiscus humesi Stock, 1960, Stenopontius humesi Murnane, 1967, Nicorhiza humesi Lincoln & Boxshall, 1983, Cladiella humesi Verseveldt, 1974, Sinularia humesi Verseveldt, 1968, Ostrincola humesi Ho, 1994, Centobnaster humesi Huys, 1990, Abscondicola humesi Fiers, 1990, Scolecicara humesi Ho, 1969, Scyphuliger humesi Kim, I.-H. 2004, Parasyllidia humesi ?, 19??]. (Obituary in Monoculus 38) (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided some of this information).

The gastropod name Cosmioconcha humfreyi de Jong & Coomans, 1988 is in honour of Michael Humfrey, 1936-, of Jamaica, a policeman, who published a book on Caribbean seashells. (Dr. Eugene V. Coan, California, kindly provided this information).

Dr. Pieter Wagenaar Hummelinck, (13 Jan. - Vlaardingen) 1907-2003 (24 Mar.), PhD at the univ. of Utrecht in 1940, on Caribbean fauna, and was e.g. the founder of the journal Studies on the Natural History of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands, continued as Studies on the Natural History of the Caribbean Region. He stayed in Utrecht until retirement in 1972 [Bugula hummelincki Fransen, 1986, Lycastopsis hummelincki Augener, 1933, Paraspadella hummelincki (Alvariño, 1970), Smithsonidrilus hummelincki (Righi & Kanner, 1979), Actinoseta hummelinki Kornicker, 1981, Lysianassa hummelinki Stephensen, 1933, Rissoina hummelincki de Jong & Coomans, 1988, Peltodoris hummelinckei Marcus & Marcus, 1963, Octopus hummelincki Adam, 1936, Aglaja hummelincki Marcus, 1970, Amyris hummelincki du Bois-Reimond Marcus & Marcus, 1968, Pseudopterogorgia hummelincki Bayer, 1961]. (Dr. Harry A. ten Hove (q.v.) - who worked in Utrecht between 1963-85, partly under Hummelink - kindly provided part of the information).

Dr. Harold Judson Humm, (26 Feb.) 1912-2000 (11 Dec.), algologist from Florida, who also had great knowledge regarding marine fauna and collected copepods, which were made available to copepodologists, is honoured in the copepod name Doropygus hummi Illg, 1958 [Polycera hummi Abbott, 1952, Anorthoneis hummii Hustedt, 1955, Paguristes hummi Wass, 1955].

Dr. William Dale Hummon, 1932-, US gastrotrich researcher at the Ohio University [Ichthydium hummoni Ruppert, 1977].

Buccinum humphreysianum Bennett,1824 is named for John D. Humphreys, 1775-1864, conchologist from Cork, Ireland, the harbour of which is the type locality of this species [Epitonium humphreysi (Kiener, 1838)]. Is he - despite the extra s in his name - related to the malacologist and seller of natural history objects, George Humphrey, 1739-1826 from Cork, Irland?, likely identical with a man by that name living in Westminster, London and there also collecting minerals and via his sister Elizabeth, being a brother-in-law of the prominent mineral dealer and mineral hunter Adolarius Jacob Forster Humphrey, 1739-1806, (likely related to the naturalists J.G.A. Forster and J.R. Forster (q.v.)) and G. Humphrey and his wife Sarah (née Hamilton; died in 1821) got a son, Adolarius William Henry Humphrey, 1782?-1829, who also became a mineralogist and moved to Tasmania. [Palmadusta humphreysii (Gray, 1825)]. G. Humphrey edited and George's brother William illustrated plate 5 and 7 in da Costa's (q.v.) anonymous prison book "Conchology ...", which arrived in 1770-71 in 5 parts. A later namesake was Edward Goss Humphrey, 1855-1934, US malacologist.

Prof. Dr. Carmel Frances Humphries, (3 June) 1909-1986 (7 Mar.), at the Zoology Department, University College, Dublin (i.e. the director of the authors department) was interested in Chironomidae, but mainly was a limnologist. [Amphiascus humphriesi Roe, 1959].

The penaeid name Parapenaeopsis hungerfordi (Alcock, 1905) is not likely in honour of the US Hemiptera researcher Dr. Herbert Barker Hungerford, (30 Aug. - Mahaska, Kansas) 1885-1963 (13 May). However the cowry name Erronea hungerfordi (Sowerby, 1888) is in honour of Dr. Richard Hungerford, (23 Mar. - Clonakilty, Co. Cork) 1834-1909 (19 Mar.), British Medical Service, who made collections in the Hong Kong area (+ other parts of China including Formosa) + Japan, Burma and the Philippines in the end of the 19:th century, so the scaphopod name Compressidentalium hungerfordi (H. A. Pilsbry & Sharp, 1887) and the cockle name Fulvia hungerfordi (Sowerby, 1901) plus several other eponyms also are in honour of the latter collector of shells like probably also the penaeid name, because R. Hungerford's material often ended up in the Calcutta Museum, where Alcock (q.v.) was working.

The gastropod name Colus hunkinsi A.H. Clarke, 1962 was in honour of Dr. Kenneth L. Hunkins, 1928-, PhD at Stanford Univ. in 1960, of the Lamont Geological Observatory, "who collected the Station Alpha material treated in this report".

The actiniarian name Paraphellia hunti Haddon & Shackleton, 1893 was in honour of Rev. Archibald E. Hunt, 18??-19??, of the London Missionary Society, active in Murray Island (named Mer by the locals), Torres Straits area, later at Samoa and in New Guinea and moving to New Zealand in 1903.

Lacking information about Hunt in the prawn name Hippolyte huntii (Gosse, 1877). Possibly Robert Hunt, (6 Sep. - Devonport, Plymouth) 1807-1887 (17 Oct. - London), scientific writer and pioneer in photography and who also extensively wrote on the effect of light on plants may be the honoured person. FRS 1854. Another possibility may be James Hunt, 18??-18??, Head keeper at the Zoological Society's gardens in London, not identical with an identical namesake living between 1833-69, who was a speech therapist and anthropologist.

Lacking information about Hunt in the gastropod name Conus hunti Wils & Moolenbeek, 1979, a synonym of Conus sanderi Wils & Moolenbeek 1979.

Johann (Jan) Huntemann, 1858-1934, in Huntemannia Poppe, 1884 was a teacher in Dangast on the shore of Jadebusen, later in Eversten, both places in the Oldenburg area. He collected copepods for the German researcher Simon Albrecht Poppe, (8 June - Vegesack) 1847-1907 (17 Feb. - Vegesack), who lived in this area [Chiridius poppei Giesbrecht, 1892, Harpacticus poppei Richard, 1897]. Also the street Albrecht-Poppe-Straße in Bremen-Vegesack is in his honour and Huntemannstraße in Eversten is named for this "Lehrer, Ökonomierat, Direktor der Landwirtschaftsschule Wildeshausen".

Elizabeth Mary Hunter, 1925-1996, U.S. conchologist.

Dr. John Hunter, (13 Feb.) 1728-1793 (16 Oct.), Scottish surgeon, who was educated in London, then worked in the navy during the war against Spain, then in London, where he built a large anatomical museum. (More). He was the younger brother of the well-known obstetrician Dr. Willam Hunter, (23 May) 1718-1783 (30 Mar.).

Dr. Archibald Gowanlock Huntsman, (23 Nov. - Tintern, Ontario) 1883-1973 (8 Aug. - St. Andrews, New Brunswick), Canadian zoologist at the biological board, Halifax (later Toronto), who published on herring growth during the 1910s, collected ascidians in British Columbia. His collection is now in the Royal Ontario Museum. He also studied homing behaviour of Atlantic salmon and was a pioneer in the frozen food business. The world's first successful process for freezing fish is developed by him in 1928 and first marketed during early 1929. [Scolecodes huntsmani (Henderson, 1931), Paranychocamptus huntsmani (Willey, 1923), Nitocra sewelli huntsmani Kunz, 1976, Endocrypta huntsmani (Fraser, 1911)].

The sipunculan name Phascolion hupferi Fischer, 1895, the echiuroid name Ochetostoma hupferi (Fischer, 1895), the cumacean name Iphinoe hupferi Zimmer, 1916, the tunicate name Distomus hupferi (Michaelsen, 1904), the polychaete name Pectinaria (Lagis) hupferi Nilsson, 1928 and the nematode name Odontocricus hupferi (Steiner, 1918) were named for Kapitän Carl Georg August Hupfer, (Hamburg) 1841-1894. He was a long-time friend of the Hamburg Natural History Museum and collector in tropical regions, particularly West Africa. He joined the service of one of Hamburg's maritime establishments, working upward through the officer ranks on many ships. Throughout this time, Hupfer collected marine organisms for the Hamburg museum. Many of these were new species and were given his name by grateful zoologists. He himself acknowledged these species as carrying on his name, since his only son had died as an infant. Beside the species names above, other species bearing his name are listed in a short biography, with a portrait, in W. Michaelsen's (1914) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresfauna Westafrikas 1:3-5. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Dr. Jure Hure, 19??-, plankton copepod researcher in Dubrovnik, Jugoslavia until 1982 when he retired.

Prof. Jean-Claude Hureau, 1936-, French ichthyologist at the MNHN, Paris, who retired at the end of August 2001 [Engyprosopon hureaui Quéro & Golani, 1990, Lycenchelys hureaui (Andriashev, 1979), Paraliparis hureaui Matallanas, 1999, Orchomene hureaui De Broyer, 1973, Heteracanthocephalus hureaui Dollfus, 1964].

Huri : (see Estell).

Desmond Eugene Hurley, 1928-, New Zealand amphipod / isopod worker, who published on such animals from the surroundings of his home country during the 1950s and on Lysianassids from the W coast of N and Central America in 1963 and published a bibliography of marine oil spills in 1975. [Hurleya Straskraba 1966, Eudorella hurleyi Jones, 1963, Brucerolis hurleyi Storey & Poore, 2009, Torridoharpinia hurleyi (J.L. Barnard, 1958), Struthiochenopus hurleyi Stilwell, Zinsmeister & Oleinik, 2004, Pseudoprotominta hurleyi McCain, 1969, Diplopteraster hurleyi McKnight, 1973, Anonyx hurleyi Steele, 1986, Lutamator hurleyi Bradford 1969, Stomacontion hurleyi Lowry & Stoddart 1983, Scina hurleyi Zeidler, 1990, Paramoera hurleyi Thurston 1974, Serolis hurleyi Menzies & Moreira, 19??, Archiminolia hurleyi. (Marshall, B.A., 1979), Makawe hurleyi (Duncan, 1981), Papuaphiloscia hurleyi Vandel, 1977 (terrestrial isopod)]

Dr. Siegfried Husmann, 19??-, from the Limnological Station, Schlitz, Germany, studied sand-fauna in 1958. From specimens found at that time, a new subspecies of harpacticoid copepod, Nitokra sewelli husmanni, Kunz, 1976 was named for him. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

The diatom names Protoraphis hustedtiana Simonsen, Navicula hustedtiana Simonsen, 1959 and Caloneis hustedtii Aleem in Aleem & Hustedt, 1951 is of course a tribute to the algae worker Dr. h.c. Friedrich Hustedt, (Bremen) 1886-1968 (1 Apr.).

Dr. Patricia A. Hutchings, 1946-, the Australian Museum, Sydney, who has published on ecology of mangroves, provided samples of Eatonina hutchingsae Ponder & Yoo, 1980. She also collected the type material of Olavius patriciae Erséus, 1993 and Heronidrilus hutchingsae Erséus, 1986, and has published on Australian and New Zealand polychaetes, especially terebellomorphs [Gymnophellia hutchingsae England K.W., 1992, Parborlasia hutchingsi Gibson, 1978, likely Pista patriciae Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1989].

Miss Ellen Hutchins. (17 Mar. - Ardnagashel, Ballylickey, Co. Cork) 1785-1815 (9 Feb., by tbc - in her brother Arthur's estate at Ardnagashel), all-round cryptogamic collecting botanist from Cork [Cladophora hutchinsiae (Dillwyn, 1809) Kützing, 1845, Dasya hutchinsiae Harvey in W.J. Hooker, 1833,Turbonilla hutchinsiana (Leach, 1847) (Leach had met her and became a friend of her during his visit to Ireland in 1809, when she gave him several mollusks from the area, but this species is now considered a synonym of an older name)]. She had a hard life, lost her father when she was two years old and during the last years of her life, her oldest brother had evicted her mother, a handicapped brother and herself from the house, where she was grown up, so they had to live at the estate of another brother and the mother died in 1814 and both she and the handicapped brother the following year.

The fish name Ophiclinops hutchinsi George A. & Springer V.G., 1980 was named for Dr. J. Barry Hutchins, 1946-, Western Australian Museum (retired in 2007), who collected type specimens.

Dr. Louis W. Hutchins, (Washington, D.C.) 1916-1957 (Oct. - drowned on a field trip to Plummers Island in the Potomac River), US marine biologist at Woods Hole and the Bermudas (director of the Bermuda Biological Station for Research from 1949 to 1952), primarily interested in Bryozoa.

The genus Hutchinsoniella Sanders, 1955 is named for the ecologist / limnologist Prof. Dr. George Evelyn Hutchinson, (30 Jan. - Cambridge, England) 1903-1991 (17 May - London), who was Sanders' professor at Yale, where Sanders achieved his PhD. Hutchinson moved to USA for a postdoctoral fellowship at Yale University in 1928 (after two years at Witwatersrand University in South Africa), staying there for the rest of his life, except for his last half year when he was back in England. He was married first to Grace Pickford (q.v.), who became his research cooperator, but they separated after a few years. Some additional names honouring him may be found in Limnology & Oceanography, 16: 476-477, 1971.

Lacking information about Hutchinson (hutchisoni must lilely be an error for hutchinsoni) in the Australian ascidian name Perophora hutchisoni Macdonald, 1859, but possibly a member of the crew on board H.M.S. Herald, where the author collected.

Lacking information about W.K. Hutton, 18??-19??, (likely identical with the British anatomy lecturer and physician Dr. William Kilpatrick Hutton, 1870-1937) in the polyplacophoran name Chiton aerea huttoni H. Suter, 1906, in the gastropod names Xymene huttoni R. Murdoch, 1900, Eatoniella huttoni Pilsbry, 1888. The last name may instead honour the naturalist Captain Prof. Frederick Wollaston Hutton, (16? Nov. - Gate Burton, Lincolnshire, England) 1836-1905 (27 Oct. - died at sea on his way home after having visited England and was buried at sea near Cape Town), who had served in the Indian mercantile fleet, in the Crimean and Indian wars and arrived in New Zealand in 1866 and worked there as a geologist and biologist expressing favourable thoughts about Darwin's evolution theory (Professor of Biology, Canterbury College, Christchurch), publishing i.a. "Catalogue of the Echinodermata of New Zealand..." in 1872 [Themiste huttoni (Benham, 1904), Robsonella huttoni Benham, 1943]. The diatom genus Huttoniella G. Karsten is likely a tribute to the geologist / palaeontologist / botanist William Hutton, (21 Mar.) 1797-1860 (21 Nov.), from Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Lacking information about Huve in the hydroid name Paracoryne huvei Picard, 1957. Possibly the French biologist Pierre Huve, 1920-, is the honoured person?

Huxley : (see Dyster).

The gastropod name Emarginula huzardii Payraudeau, 1826 is likely honouring Dr. Jean-Baptiste Huzard, (3 Nov. - Paris) 1755-1838 (1 Dec.), French veterinarian scientist and agronomist.

Dr. Rony Huys, (17 Mar. - Deinze) 1961-, Flemish Belgian copepodologist, now at the Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) [Crassarietellus huysi Ohtsuka, Boxshall & Roe, 1994, Arenopontia (Neoleptastacus) huysi Karanovic, 2000].

Christian Hee Hwass, 1731-1803, Danish malacologist working in Paris (to which city he had moved in 1780) with e.g. Lamarck (q.v.) and Schumacher (q.v.) and also published together with his friend Bruguière (q.v.). Collector of i.a. rare cone shells.

Félix Charles Hy, 1853-1918, French botanist [Hyella Bornet & Flahault].

Prof. Alpheus Hyatt, (5 Apr. - Washington, D.C.) 1838-1902 (15 Jan.), a devoted disciple of A. Agassiz (q.v.); published about keratose sponges (Dictyoceratida, Dendroceratida, Verongida) during the years 1875-1878. His material was mostly West Indian, but included also Indo-Pacific specimens. It is housed in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard, Massachusetts, but has never been reexamined. He was a well-known neo-Lamarckist. He also founded the American Naturalist and became it's first editor after having served as Captain in the US Army during the Civil War. Being the first president of Woods Hole laboratory was another of his duties and he also worked much on fossil cephalopods. He was Professor of zoology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1867-88; professor of biology, Boston University, 1877-1902. [Hyattella Lendenfeld, 1888, Mycale hyatti Pulitzer-Finali, 1986]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided most of this information).

Dr. Ida Henrietta. Hyde, (8 Sep. - Davenport, Iowa) 1857-1945 (22 Aug. - Berkeley, California), Scyphomedusae anatomist and embryologist at MBL, Woods Hole and at the Univ. of Kansas. She achieved her PhD (as the first American woman) at the University of Heidelberg, Germany.

Lacking information about Hyde in the bivalve name Psiloteredo hydei (Sivickis, 1928). The Lithuanian Prof. Dr. Pranciškus Baltrus Šivickis. (30 Sep.) 1882-1968 (10 Oct.), Univ. of Philippines (between 1922-28 and between 1929-40 at Univ. of Kansas, later at Vilnius Univ.), possibly may have named the species in honour of Dr. Roscoe Raymond Hyde, 1884?--1943 (15 Sep., aged 59 at his death), Univ. of Indiana.

Johan Richard Hylbom, 1925-, worked during the end of the 1950s as a scientific assistant at the Kristineberg Marine Zoological Station and became a specialist on palaeonemerteans; later he worked as an upper secondary school teacher in Vänersborg (in W Sweden) until his retirement [Tubulanus hylbomi Gibson & Sundberg, 1999].

Dr. Jørgen Hylleberg Kristensen, 1935-, Danish zoologist, lecturer and researcher on e.g. sipunculids, polychaeta, molluscs, etc. One of his last publications is the beautifully illustrated 3 volume work "Lexical Approach to Cardiace" 939 pp. Tropical Marine Mollusc Programme (TMMP) sponsored by Danida. Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication vol. 30. 2004. [Heptaceras hyllebergi Nateewathana, 1988, Siamosquilla hyllebergi Naiyanetr, in Ferrero, 1989, Euprymna hyllebergi Nateewathana, 1997, Typosyllis hyllebergi Licher, 1999]. The polychaete Magelona tinae Nateewathana & Hylleberg, 1991 is named for a relative (his daughter?), Miss Tina Hylleberg, who collected the first specimens.

Dr. Libbie Henrietta Hyman, (6 Dec. - Des Moines, Iowa, U.S.A.), 1888-1969, (3 Aug. - New York), zoologist. She received her Ph.D. degree from the University of Chicago in 1915 with her dissertation "Analysis of the process of regeneration in certain microdrilous oligochates". She continued to work on invertebrates, especially on all kinds of worm-like creatures, of which the results were published in 136 papers. However, she is best known for the two Manuals she wrote: "A Laboratory Manual for Elementary Zoology" (Univ. Chicago Press, 1919, revised in 1929) and "A Laboratory Manual for Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy" (Univ. Chicago Press, 1922, revised in 1942). These manuals were so popular and sold so well that she became financially independent and resigned from her assistantship at Chicago University. She became even more known for the six volumes of "The Invertebrates" (McGraw-Hill Book Company 1940-1967). She was an active member in many scientific societies and served as the editor of "Systematic Zoology" (1959-1963). For all her efforts she received many awards including the Daniel Giraud Elliot medal of the National Academy (1951), the gold medal of the Linnean Society of London (1960) and the Gold Medal for Distinguished Achievement in Science from the American Museum of Natural History (1969). Martin Burkenroad (q.v.) was her "protegé" and correspondent for many years, maybe i.a. because he - like her - was of jewish origin. Numerous worm-like and other invertebrates have been named in her honour, like Planaria hymanae Sivickis, 1928; Microdalyellia hymanae Marcus, 1946; Euplana hymanae Marcus, 1947; Hydra hymanae Hadley & Forrest, 1949; Exochella hymanae Rogick, 1956; Aulophorus hymanae Naidu, 1962; Dendrocoelopsis hymanae Kawakatsu, 1968; Austrognathia hymanae Kirsteuer, 1970; Pericelis hymanae Poulter, 1974; Pseudograffila hymanae Mack-Fira, 1974; Coelogynopora hymanae Riser, 1981; Anoplodium hymanae Shinn. 1983 and Pseudobiceros hymanae Newman & Cannon, 1997.  (More). (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv Univ., kindly diversified the information about Hyman).

George Crawford Hyndman, Esq., (14 Oct. - Belfast) 1796-1867 (18 Nov. - Belfast), auktioneer, valuator and amateur biologist in Belfast, interested in marine zoology (particularly molluscs) and local natural history; he was the discoverer of Panningia hyndmani (W. Thompson,1840) in the Belfast Bay. Anapagurus hyndmanni (Bell,1846) as well as A. laevis and Pagurus cuanensis were all initially discovered at Portaferry (and Bangor) and were from the beginning named by the Irishman W. Thompson (q.v.) without formal descriptions. The reverence connected with the first of these hermit crab species is of course also devoted to Hyndman [Escharina hyndmanni (Johnston, 1847), Iophon hyndmani (Bowerbank, 1858), Pseudione hyndmanni (Bate & Westwood, 1868)]. Hyndman had connections with yacht-owners and dredged from his friend Edmund Getty's yacht 'Gannet' and also dredged together with others from Edward Waller's (q.v.) yacht in 1856.

The Chile sea anemone Paraisanthus fabiani Häussermann & Försterra, 2008 was named for Fabian, the son of the authors. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Dr. Jens Thorvald Høeg, 1952-, disciple of Lützen (q.v.) and working at the same institute in København (Copenhagen). His main interest is Rhizocephala, particularly their larvae [Tantulacus hoegi Huys, Andersen & Kristensen, 1992, Cyphosaccus jensi Lützen, 1985, Cryptophialus hoegi Kolbasov, 2000].

Dr. Hans Höglund, (11 Mar. - Uddevalla) 1899-1986 (13 Dec.); doctoral thesis in Uppsala 1947 about foraminiferans (his supervisor had been Prof. Sixten Bock (q.v.)) , then working at Havsfiskelaboratoriet (Department of Fisheries Research) in Lysekil, between 1954-66 as director, mainly with herring and plankton [Hoeglundina Brotzen, 1948, Reophax hoeglundi Brodniewicz, 1965, Pelosina hoeglundi Hofker, 1972].

Dr. Johann Willy Georg Höhnk, 1???-19??, Bremerhaven marine fungi worker, active at least between the 1930s and the 1960s. (see also Hoehnk).

Tore Høisæter, 1938-, Norwegian biologist at Biologisk Stasjon, Espegrend, which later changed name to IMF, Bergen. Høisæter is primarily a malacologist but is also one of the persons with the best general knowledge of Norwegian marine macrofauna [Chrysallida hoeisaeteri Warén, 1991].

Dr. Godtfred Høpner Petersen, (3 Apr.)1930-, Danish bivalve specialist, retired in 2000 [Echiniscoides hoepneri Kristensen & Hallas, 1980].

Prof. Dr. Sven Otto Hörstadius, (18 Feb. - Stockholm) 1898-1996 (16 June), Swedish embryologist at the Univ. of Uppsala, working mainly on echinoderm larvae, active long after retirement, holding lectures at the age of 90.

The amphipod name Tryphosella hoeringi (Boeck, 1871) is named for Dr. Höring, 18??-1???, in Copenhagen, who has collected Amphipods from the coasts of Denmark ( 'Arten er opkaldt efter Dr Höring i Kjøbenhavn, der har samlet Amphipoder fra Danmarks Kyster.') (Dr. Wim Vader, Tromsö, Norway kindly provided the connection between name and person. Dr. Höring is unknown to the Danish zoology historian Dr. Torben Wolff, so he may likely have been a physician, perhaps a colleague of the Norwegian author Boeck, who studied medicine). However Richard Hørring, (18 Nov.) 1875-1943 (5 May), collecting during the first years of the 20:th century in the Isefjord area (and in 1899 and 1901 in Iceland) existed and became Museum Inspector at the Zoological Museum, Copenhagen and continued publishing on sea birds. Possibly, thus, Höring may be a misspelling of Hørring, but this R. Hørring of course was too young (not being born yet) to be the honoured person. However, Høring or Höring in Denmark is as far as known not used as a family name - only meaning "hearing" in Danish, so likely it was a misspelling of the family name Hørring and during during the 1880s a Danish physician Dr. A.F. Hørring (at Frederiksborggade 26, Copenhagen) was active also in natural history connections, so likely he may be the honoured person.