Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names. T & U

The tunicate specis name Aplidium tabachniki K. E. Sanamyan & N. P. Sanamyan, 1999, is in honour of the Russian sponge specialist Dr Konstantin Tabachnik, 19??-, from the Institute of Oceanology.

Masao Tabakotani, 19??-, Japanese collector and conchologist. [Minolia tabakotani  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Takaeichi Tada, 1899-1986, Japanese malacologist.

The medusa name Catostylus tagi (Haeckel, 1869) is not an eponym, but a toponym, because the medusa is distributed where the Iberian river Tajo (Spanish), Tejo (Port.) or Tagus (Latin) is running out in the Atlantic.

Sheila P. Tagaro, 19??-, Philippine Biologist working in Conchology, Inc in close collaboration with G.T. Poppe. Described over 80 new species, mainly from the Philippines. Based in Mactan island, Conchology, Inc. (Guildfordia tagaroae Alf & Kreipl, 2006, Mitra tagaroae Poppe, 2008). (G. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Tagea : (see Björnberg).

Lacking information about the collector, Mr. Tago in the Suruga Bay cephalopod name Teuthowenia tagoi Sasaki, 1929. This may be correct, else Tago is a place at Suruga Bay.

The sponge name Crambe tailliezi Vacelet & Boury-Esnault, 1982, may possibly honour Commander Philippe Tailliez, (15 June - North Malo) 1905-2002 (26 Sep.), who together with Cousteau (q.v.) and Frederic Dumas was a SCUBA pioneer during the 1940s. These three persons were known as the three musketeers (or rather "musquemeers"). Tailliez was diving as late as 1999 at an age of 93.

Tait : (see Burgess).

Dr. Stefano Taiti, 19??-, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Centro di Studio per la Faunistica ed Ecologia Tropicali, Firenze, Italy, is an isopod specialist. He is honoured in several names of i.a. terrestrial isopods.

Professor Kenichi Tajika, Nihon Univ., in 1982 described the type species of Tajikina Martens, Curini & Galletti, 1994. He has described plathelminths from the late 1970s. [Archiloa tajikai Ax & Armonies, 1990].

Kinji Takagawa, 1???-1994, Japanese malacologist.

Lacking information about Takako in the scaphopod name Graptacme takakoae Tsuchida & Tachi, 1999.

Takashi : (see Okutani).

Lacking information about Takatsuki in the sipunculan name Siphonosoma takatsukii Sato, 1935. Likely, however, a tribute to Shun-ichi Takatsuki, 1899-1985, Japanese malacologist.

The stomatopod name Gonodactylaceus takedai (Moosa 1989), is likely in honour of Dr. Masatsune Takeda, 1942-, Natinal Science Museum, Japanese benthos researcher. He is also honoured in the crab name Typhlocarcinops takedai Ng, 1987.

Lacking information about Takehara in the ascidian name Leptoclinum takeharai Tokioka, 1951 (a synonym of Diplosoma listerianum Milne-Edwards, 1841), but likely in honor of the Japanese ascidian researcher H.A. Takehara, 1???-.

Lacking information about Takeo (likely someones first name) in the gastropod name Dentiovula takeoi Cate & Azuma, 1973, but possibly a tribute to Dr. Takeo Susuki (q.v.).

Lacking information about Takeshita in the polyclade name Pseudostylochus takeshitai Yeri & Kaburaki, 1918.

The Japanese caprellid researcher Prof. Dr. Ichiro Takeuchi, 195?-, at the Univ. of Ehime in Matsuyama, is honoured in the amphipod names Caprella takeuchii Guerra-García & al., 2001 and Lepidepecreum takeuchii Lowry & Stoddart, 2002. (Prof, Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided the first name, the university belonging and one of the eponyms).

Dr. Isao Taki, 1898-1961, Japanese malacologist [Siphonodentalium isaotakii T. Habe, 1953, Buccinum isaotakii Oyama, 1962]. Whether he or his Japanese malacologist namesake and brother Dr. Iwao Taki, 1900-1984, is the honoured person in Lepidozona takii Wu & Okutani, 1984 and in the ascidian name Amaroucium takii Tokioka, 1959 is unknown to the compiler of this list, but the last brother is honoured in the bivalve name Terua iwaotakii T. Habe, 1958.

Lacking information about Talabot in the enteropneust name Glandiceps talaboti (Marion, 1875). May it possibly be the French engineer and member of parliament François Paulin Talabot, (18 Aug. - Limoges) 1799-1885 (21 Mar. - Paris),?

The gastropod name Manzonia talaverai Moolenbeek & Faber, 1987 is likely named for the palaeontologist Francisco García-Talavera Casañas, 19??-, Tenerife, who has published on Macaronesian mollusk fauna.

Tamara : (see Najdenova).

The gastropod name Conus tamikoae Shikama, 1973 is in honour of the shell collector Mrs Tamiko Ôishi, 19??-,.

Pecten tamsi Bavay, 1907 was named for Dr. Georg Tams, (Bremen) 18??-1???, German physician and malacologist, who already in 1845 published from SW Africa.

Tamsin : (see Kilburn).

Prof. Shigeho Tanaka, (16 Aug. - Koochi Prefecture) 1878-1974 (24 Dec.), of Imperial Univ. of Tokyo [Corythroichthys tanakae Jordan & Starks, 1906, Cyclogaster tanakae Gilbert & Burke, 1912, possibly Boreomysis tanakai Li, 1964]. A namesake was Dr. Otohiko Tanaka, (21 Mar. - Tokyo) 1902-90 (2 Aug.),Kyushu Univ., of Tokyo, Japan, who published almost 50 papers on copepods. He described the genus Ryocalanus Tanaka, 1956 after his only son Ryo Tanaka, who was killed as a child on his way home to Japan from China after the war.

Lacking information about Tanguary in the gastropod name Buccinum tanguaryi Baker, 1919.

Akira Taniguchi, 1942-, Japanese copepod author.

Prof. Atsushi Tanimura, 1951-, Japanese Polar copepod worker.

Tanja : (see Vinogradov).

The medusa name Acromitus tankahkeei Light, 1924 is likely honouring Tan Kah Kee (or Chen Jiageng), (21 Oct.) 1874-1961 (12 Aug.), philanthropist, who was a millionaire founder of e.g. universities in China, making his fortune in Singapore, but then living in his town of birth, Jimei, north of Xiamen, with exception for the time of the WWII, when he was in Malaya.

The gastropod name Ancilla tankervillii (Swainson, 1825) may have been named for either Charles Bennet, 4th earl of Tankerville, (15 Nov.) 1743-1822 (10 Dec.), (most probable, because of his malacological interests) or possibly his son Charles Augustus Bennet, 5th earl of Tankerville, (28 Apr.) 1776-1859 (25 June).

The copepod name Heterorhabdus tanneri (Giesbrecht, 1895), the asteroid name Sclerasterias tanneri (Verrill), the crab name Chionoecetes tanneri Rathbun, 1893, the hermit crab name Pagurus tanneri (Benedict, 1892) and the gastropod names Diodora tanneri Verrill, 1883, Suavodrillia tanneri (Verrill & Smith, 1884, and Aclis tanneri (Bartsch, 1947) and the decapod name Benthesicymus tanneri Faxon, 1893 are honouring Lt. Commander Zera Luther Tanner, (5 Dec. - Warsaw, N.Y.) 1835-1906 (16 Dec. - Washington, D.C.), who published several reports on the work of the US Fish Commission's vessels, like the Fish-Hawk and the Albatross. He had been the first commander of the Fish-Hawk and was in command of the Albatross from the beginning in 1882 until 1894.

Tanya : (see Sphon).

Tappan : (see Loeblich).

Prof. Cesare Maria Tapparone Canefri , (5 Feb. - Alessandria) 1838-1891 (6 Aug. - Quattordio), Italian malacologist publishing from the Gulf of Naples in 1869 and 1874.

Is Tapun in the New Caledonia and Fiji ascidian name Ascidia tapuni Monniot & Monniot, 1987 a person's name?

The NW Pacific skate name Rhinoraja taranetzi Dolganov, 1985 is named for the ichthyologist Anatoly Yakovlevich Taranetz, 1???-19?? (named the late in 2001), who began publishing during the 1930s.

Dr. Nikolai Ivanovich Tarasov, (13 Aug. - Kiev) 1905-1965, one of Derjugin's students in Leningrad. He published i.a. on crustaceans (mainly Cirripedia - partly together with Zevina (q.v.)), luminescense and light in the sea from the 1930s to the 1960s [Velutina (Margaritavelutina) tarasovi Derjugin, 1950, Tarasovium Zevina, 1978]. [His life is dealt with in the Russian Journal of Marine Biology 27 (6) p.409-410 November-December 2001, in an obituary by Zevina & Poltarukha]. A younger partial namesake is Anatoliy GennadievichTarasov, 1956-, Russian malacologist.

The collector Dr. Juan Tarazona, 19??-, Peruvian benthic ecologist, is honoured in the decapod name Ogyrides tarazonai Wicksten & Méndes, 1988 from Nicaragua and Peru.

Prof. Dr. Pierre Tardent, 1927-1997, worked on the biology of hydrozoans [Krampella tardenti Gili & Bouillon, 1998].

Lacking information about Tardy in the gastropod name Placida tardyi Trinchese, 1873. Possibly the name may honour the admiral and circumnavigator (with Dumont d'Urville in 1837) Louis Marie Françoise Tardy de Montravel, (28 Sep. - Val-de-Mame) 1811-1864 (4 Oct.), who after his circumnavigation studied the South Americcan coastal regions and also Japanese and Sea of Okhotsk coasts. In 1854 he also took posession of New Caledonia for France.

Dr. Jean P. Tardy, 19??-, French Opisthobranch researcher at La Rochelle, who has been publishing since 1962.

Kelly Tarlton, 1937-1985 (17 Mar., at age 47), New Zealand SCUBA diver during the 1960s and 1970s, who discovered several new marine species.

Tarni in species names is not from a persons name, but meaning "the sea" in the Kaurna language group in south Australia.

Prof. Ernst Ludwig Taschenberg, (10 Jan. - Naumburg (Saale)) 1818-1898 (19 Jan. - Halle), German researcher of medusae and polyps at Helgoland (but professor of entomology), working in Halle [Diclidophoropsis taschenbergii (Parona & Perugia, 1899), Protocotyle taschenbergi Maillard & Oliver, 1966] - like his younger colleague Dr. Richard Böhm, (1 Oct. - Berlin) 1854-1884 (27 Mar. - Urua, Congo). Prof. Dr. Ernst Otto Wilhelm Taschenberg, (23 Mar. - Zahna at Wittenberg) 1854-1922 (30 Mar. - Halle), who also was a zoologist, was his son.

Lacking information about Taschev in the amoeba name Ogdeniella taschevi (Golemansky, 1970).

Armand Taslé, (Vannes) 1801-1876, French malacologist, is honoured in the gastropod name Conus taslei L. C. Kiener, 1845.

Lacking information about Tassy in the gastropod name Hygromia tassyi (Bourguignat, 1884), but possibly a tribute to Prof. Joseph Héliodore Sagesse Vertu Garcin de Tassy, (25 Jan. - Marseille) 1794-1874 (2 Sep. - Marseille), French orientalist and specialist in Urdu.

Dr. Andrey Nicolaevich Tatarenkov, 1965-, St Petersburg zoologist / parasitologist.

Acanthochites tatei Torr & Ashby, Ischnochiton tateanus Bednall, 1897 and Stenochiton tatei Ashby, 1927 were named for Prof. Ralph Tate, (11 Mar. - Alnwick, Northumberland) 1840-1901 (20 Sep.), English professor of geology at the University of Adelaide, who also produced flora works [Murexiella tatei Verco, 1895, Epicodakia tatei (Angas, 1879)].

Who is Tatiana in the harpacticoid name Pseudomesochra tatianae Drzycimski, 1968?

Lacking information about Tatjana in the polychaete name Stschapovella tatjanae Levenstein, 1957.

Mrs. Emily M. Tatlow, 18??-1944, was an Irish collector of mollusk shells, which had been stranded in Donegal and Wexford.

The last work - British Mysidacea - of Professor Dr. Walter Medley Tattersall, (8 Nov. - Liverpool) 1882-1943 (5 Oct.), crustacean specialist and professor of Zoology at Cardiff University from 1922, was published in 1951 together with his wife Dr. Olive Selden Tattersall, 1890-1978 (Nov.), who finished his manuscript [Crybelocyphocaris tattersalli Shoemaker, 1945, Coeloplana tattersalli Devanesen & Varadarajan, 1942, Thalassomysis tattersalli Nouvel, 1942, Neastacilla tattersalli Lew Ton & Poore, 1986, Cymodoce tattersalli Torelli, 1929, Cymodusa tattersalli Peart, 2004, Boreomysis tattersalli O. Tattersall, 1955, Haplostylus tattersalli Fenton, 1990].

Peter August Møller Tauber, (29 July) 1832-1892 (12 Dec.), Danish zoologist and author of the type species of Levinsenia; he wrote "Annulata Danica" 1879 [Tauberia Strelzov, 1973].

Lacking information about Tauryanin in the heliozoan names Elaeorhanis tauryanini Mikrukov, 1999 and Actinophrys tauryanini Mikrjukov & Patterson, 2001.

Dr. Marco Taviani, 19??-, of the Instituto di Geologia Marina, Bologna,who has authored papers, mainly on prosobranchs at least from 1982 on, is honoured in the gastropod name Papuliscala tavianii Bouchet & Warén, 1986. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided part of this information).

Albert Taxson, (19 Nov. - New York) 1908-1989 (8 Jan. - Miami, Dade, Florida), US malacologist (studied mainly bivalves and polychaetes) together with his wife Anne Taxson, (8 Feb. - New York) 1912-1993 (5 Feb. - Miami, Dade, Florida).

The Japanese geologist? Prof. Dr. Risaburo Tayama, 1897-1952, published "Coral Reefs in the South Seas" in 1952 and studied the Palau Islands during the 1930s [Pseudosiderastrea tayamai Yabe & Sugiyuma, 1935].

Lacking information about Taylor in the polychaete name Sphaerosyllis taylori Perkins, 1981, but likely a tribute to Dr. John L. Taylor, 19??-, Lynn Haven, Florida, who worked on polychates in Gulf of Mexico during this time and also is honoured in the genus name Taylorpholoe Pettibone, 1992.

Lacking information about Taylor in the Australian mollusk name Mitrella tayloriana.

Dr. Charles Vincent Taylor, (8 Feb.) 1885-1946 (22 Feb.), U.S. ciliate specialist [Euplotes taylori Garnjobst, 1928]. He was influenced by Ritter (q.v.) and i.a. teacher at Hopkins Marine Station in 1923, when Steinbeck was a pupil.

Dr. Edward Harrison Taylor, (23 Apr. Maysville, Missouri) 1889-1978 (16 June), US herpetologist & ichthyologist working mainly in the Philippines and in Kansas, but also in Costa Rica and Thailand.

The Canadian Rev. George William Taylor, 1851-1912, collected Musculus taylori (Dall,1897) in tidepools at Victoria, Vancouver Island. Taylor was well known as an entomologist but also had molluscan interests and wrote on British Columbia molluscs [Turbonilla taylori Dall & Bartsch, 1907, Phyllaplysia taylori Dall, 1900].

Dr. John David Taylor, 1941-, at the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) (retired in 2002) is a malacologist.

Dr. Paul D. Taylor, 19??-, British bryozoologist at the BM(N.H.).

John William Taylor, 1845-1931, British malacologist, who founded the Quarterly J. of. Conchology, but published mainly on British land and fresh water mollusks.

Rev. Thomas Lombe Taylor, 1802-1874, of Starston Place, Diss in Norfolk, British shell cabinet owner [Pectunculus taylori Angas, 1879, Tellina alternata tayloriana Sowerby, 1867, likely Bolma tayloriana E. A. Smith, 1880, Adrana taylori Hanley, 1860].

Mrs. Valerie Taylor, (9 Nov. - Sydney, Australia) 1935-, collected the species Eatoniella taylorae Ponder & Yoo, 1977.

Prof. William Randolph Taylor, (21 Dec. - Philadelphia) 1895-1990 (11 Nov. - Ann Arbor, Michigan), cytologist educated in Pennsylvania, who in 1930 moved to Ann Arbor, Michigan after having studied Florida algae in a project at the Carnegie Institution in Washington. He then kept studying Atlantic and Pacific algae.

Dr. Richard B. Taylor, 19??-, Leigh Marine Laboratory, New Zealand, formerly Univ. of New South Wales, Australia), is honoured in the shrimp name Gnathophyllum taylori Ahyong, 2003.

The green algal name Codium taylorii P.C. Silva, 1960 is named for the US phycologist Dr. William Randolph Taylor, (21 Dec. - Philadelphia) 1895-1990 (11 Nov.), not Dr. A.R.A. Taylor, 1921-, nor he British phytoplankton workers D.L. Taylor, 19??-, or Frank John Rupert. "Max" Taylor, 1939-, now (2002) professor at the University of British Columbia.

Linda Taylor, 19??-, of Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, is honoured in the bivalve name Argopecten irradians taylorae Petuch, 1987 and in the gastropod names Haminoea taylorae Petuch, 1987, Murexiella taylorae Petuch, 1987, Zafrona taylorae Petuch, 1987. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Tchang in the copepod name Acanthochondria changi Yü, 1935. Possibly honouring Tchang Si (see below)?

The polychaete name Eteone (Mysta) tchangsii Uschakov & Wu, 1959 is named for the Chinese marine biologist Prof. Dr. Tchang Si (or Zhang Xi), 1898-19??, (doctor es Sciences at the Faculty of Sciences of Lyon), Director of the Institute of Zoology, National Academy Peiping, who published on littoral and deeper fauna at least between the 1930s and 1965. (He was referred to as "the late" in 1990) (Cédric Audibert, Muséum, CCEC, Lyon, kindly provided the information abot Dr. Tchang's connection with Lyon)

Prof. Paul Tchernia , 19??-1986 (13 May), who was Major General of the French navy in charge of fishery investigations, is honoured in the polychaete name Spiophanes tcherniai Fauvel, 1951.

The shrimp name Periclimenaeus tchesunovi Duris, 1990 is honouring Prof. Dr. Alexei Valerievich Tchesunov, 1951-, who is researcher on Nematoda at Lomonosov's Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia (Faculty of Biology, Department of Systematics, Comparative Anatomy and Ecology of Invertebrates) [Trophomera tchesunovi (Miljutin, 2004), Gammanema tchesunovi Gagarin & Kleman, 2007, Ascolaimus tchesunovi Platonova, 1990, Pisionides tchesunovi Tsetlin, 1987, Oncholaimium tchesunovi Platonova & Kulangieva, 1995, Altiverruca tchesunovi Zevina, 1988]. (Dr. Zdenek Duris kindly provided this information).

The elder of two British physicians (father and son) Dr. Thomas Pridgin Teale Sr., 1801-1867 (31 Dec.), of Leeds, respective (28 June) 1831-1923 (13 Nov.), described in 1837 the anatomy of Urticina felina in "On the Anatomy of Actinia Coriacea " (the younger of the namesakes presented a doctoral dissertation regarding a method of amputation 1858) [Tealia Gosse, 1858].

Dr. Norman Tebble, (17 Aug. - East Sleekburn, Northumberland) 1924-1998 (23 July - North Berwick), was educated at the St. Andrew's University, Scotland. He studied and published on polychaetes and bivalves and became director of the Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh in 1971.

The calanoid name Acartia teclae Bradford, 1976 must be a tribute to Dr. Tecla Sertorio Zunini, 19??-, Univ. of Genoa, who made material from the Genoa Harbour, Italy, available to the author.

Tecla : (see also Riera).

Lacking information about the collector, Mr. Teede in the red algal name Gigartina teedii (Roth, 1806) Lamouroux, 1813.

The W central Atlantic skate name Dipturus teevani (Bigelow & Schroeder, 1951) is likely named for John Tee-Van, (6 July) 1897-1967 (5 Nov.), of the Bronx Zoo. He began in 1911 as assistant keeper in the bird house, in 1916 became Beebe's assistant in the tropical research department and retired in 1962 as general director of the Bronx Zoo and Coney Island Aquarium. (David Hollombe, Los Angeles, kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Tegginmath in the New Zealand cephalopod name Benthoctopus tegginmathae O'Shea, 1999, but likely a tribute to Shoba Tegginmath, 19??-, Auckland Univ. of Technology, New Zealand, who is interested in biodiversity.

The Eastern Mediterranean mystacocaridean species Derocheilocaris tehiyae Masry & Por, 1970 was named after Tehiya, the wife of the first author David Masry. The latter has changed his name into a Hebrew one: David Darom, 1943-, and is a marine biologist and scientific photographer at the Department of Life Sciences of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem, kindly provided this information).

Amaea tehuanarum Dushane & McLean, 1968 was named for a group of Zapotec Indians, the Tehuanos who inhabit ther region of Tehuantepec. The Tehuanas are the women of the tribe who control the market laces, have a dignity of bearing and a great self sufficiency. They are famous for their caracol skirts made from handwoven material, dyed purple with the secretion from the rock shell Purpura patula pansa Gould.

Dr. Curt Teichert, (8 May - Königsberg) 1905-1996 (10 May), paleontoligical specialist in nautiloid cephalopods, who in 1937 left Europe for Perth, Australia, later moving to Melbourne and in 1952 to USA, where he began cooperating with Raymond Moore (q.v.). Several fossil cephalopod are named for him.

Professor Dr. Georges Teissier, (19 Feb. - Paris) 1900-1972 (7 Jan. - Roscoff), French marine zoologist, director of the Station Biologique de Roscoff, interested in biometry, genetics, etc. [Lekanesphaera teissieri (Bocquet & Lejuez, 1967), Cercyra teissieri Steinmann, 1930, Endectyon teissieri Cabioch, 1968, Psammascidia teissieri F. Monniot, 1962, Anthessius teissieri Bocquet & Stock, 1958, Microcharon teissieri (Lévi, 1951), Loxosomella teissieri (Bobin & Prenant, 1953), Paraturbanella teissieri Swedmark, 1954, Pontonema teissieri Vitiello, 1967, Belbolla teissieri (Luc & de Coninck, 1959), Eudendrium teissieri Cabioch, 1970, Teissierella Monard, 1935, Gnathia teissieri Cals, 1972, Synisoma teissieri Prunus & Pantousier, 1976, Tracheloraphis teissieri Dragesco, 1960, Coelosomides teissieri Dragesco, 1954]. A malacological French partial namesake was Colonel Jacques Teissier, 1780-1814.

Maria Tereza Lopes Teixeira, 19??-, Brazilian? malacologist [Acanthochitona terezae Guerra, 1983].

Annabella Telfair (neé Chamberlain), 17??-1832 (23 May - Port Louis, died at "an early age"), the wife from 1818 of the supervisor of the Botanic Garden in Mauritius (Charles Telfair, (Belfast, Ireland) 1778-1833 (14 July - Port Louis)), who owned a sugar plantation on the island. She was a keen algae collector (for W.J. Hooker) and a very good botanical artist.

Richard Vercoe Tellam, 1826-1908, British (Cornwall) botanist [Tellamia Batters].

The underwater photographer Arturo (Arthur) J. Telle, (24 Nov.) 1962-, Gran Canaria, is honoured in the sea star associated shrimp Gnatophylleptum tellei d'Udekem d'Acoz, 2001.

Dr. Maria Luise Tembrock Haller, 1917-1991, German Malacologist.

Coenraad Jacob Temminck, (31 Mar. - Amsterdam) 1778-1858 (30 Jan. - Leiden), was the first director of Rijks Museum van Natuurlijke Historie in Leiden from 1820-58. His father, the treasurer of the Dutch East India Company, Jacob Temminck, 1748-1822, had gathered a large bird collection and his son became a reputated ornithologist and extended the collection also with other animals. The condition for his directorship was that this collection should belong to the museum [Hyperatherina temminckii (Bleeker), Cirrhilabrus temminckii, Helostoma temminckii].

Dr. José Templado Gonzalez, 1957-, marine biologist, working on Gastropods at the Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid [Turbonilla templadoi Penas & Rolan, 1997, Haminoea templadoi Garcia, Perez-Hurtado & Garcia-Gomez, 1991, Streptosyllis templadoi San Martin, 1984, Esuriospinax templadoi Ortea, 1989].

William Hewitt Temple, 1869-1960, British malacologist.

Templeton : (see Patterson).

Dr. Ole Secher Tendal, 1942-, Danish spongiologist at the Zoologisk Museum, København (Copenhagen). He is also working on foraminiferans and related groups and made his PhD on the Xenophyophora.

ten Hove : (see Hove).

The stylasterid name Stylaster tenisonwoodsi Cairns, 1988, must be a tribute to the Australian palaeontologist the Rev. Julian Edmund Tenison Woods, (15 Nov. - Southwark in London) 1832-1889 (7 Oct. (paralysis) - Sydney), who already in Europe as a young man became interested in natural history and arrived to Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) in January 1855 together with a bishop. However, he and the bishop disagreed in certain things, so he soon left for Adelaide and continued to make natural history observations and partly publish on such things for the rest of his life.

Stephen James Napier Tennant, (21 Apr.) 1906-1987 (28 Feb.), British malacologist and aristocrat, known for dis decadent life style.

Manuel J. Tenorio, 19??-, conchologist in Spain and expert in Conidae. [Bathymophila tenorioi  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Teodora in the ophiuroid name Amphilepis teodorae Tommasi & Abreu, 1974.

Mr. Akibumi Teramachi, (5 Nov.) 1898-1978 (6 Dec.), Japanese malacologist [Duplicaria teramachii Burch, 1965, Neoxylophaga teramachii Taki & Habe, 1950, Akibumia Kuroda & Habe, 1959, Teramachia Kuroda, 1931, Conus teramachii T. Kuroda, 1956, Nesiocypraea teramachii (Kuroda, 1938), Atrina teramachii T. Habe, 1953]. His wife Katsu Teramachi is honoured in the cowry name Notadusta katsuae (Kuroda, 1960). (Andrew Vik Tampa, Florida kindly added the genus names).

Lacking information about Prof. Dr. Arata Terao, 18??-19??, Imperial Fisheries Institute, Tokyo, in the shrimp name Pandalus teraoi Kubo, 1937. In 1913 Terao e.g. published a catalogue of Japanese hermit crabs.

Prof. Dr. Makoto Terazaki, 1945-, Japanese abyssal copepod zoologist.

Olry Terquem, (26 Sep. - Metz (Moselle)) 1797-1887 (19 June), French palaeontologist, who published on foraminiferans between 1862-83 [Neoconorbina terquemi (Rzehak, 1888)].

The gastropod name Odostomia terryi Olsson & McGinty, 1958 was named for Mr. Robert Adams Terry, 1???-1965 (15 Nov.), of Palo Alto, California, "an associate and companion of the senior author on many field expeditions in Panama and Costa Rica". His wife (unmarried name Mary E. McLellan Davidson) got a subspecies of a Panamian bird named for her by A. Wetmore in 1965). The US malacologist Dr. Judith Terry Smith, 1940-, (see Smith) is a malacological colleauge with a similar second first name as the correct persons family name.

Conus terryni Tenorio & Poppe, 2004 is honouring Yves Terryn, 1975-, Belgian conchologist specialised in Polyplacophora and Terebridae [Mitra terryni Poppe, 2008]. (Guido T. Poppe kindly provided this information).

The octocoral name Sinularia terspilli Verseveldt, 1971 must be a tribute to Mr. W.C. ter Spill, 19??-, Zwolle, the Netherlands, a colleague of the author, who critically read and revised the manuscript.

Dr. Johan Jacob Tesch, (7 Feb. - Amsterdam) 1877-1954 (7 Aug. - s'-Gravenhage), Dutch zoologist, who 1906 obtained his PhD with a thesis on Mollusca Heteropoda. He devoted some later studies to pteropods, some crustacean groups, pycnogonids, echinoderms and cephalopods, but was because of his family, during most of his life, forced to work within the more well-paid Fisheries Biology field. He did not only publish science but also some poems [Pneumodermopsis teschi van der Spoel, 1973, Lophoplax teschi Serène, 1971]. His brother Dr. Ir. Pieter Tesch, (2 Jan. - Den Haag) 1879-1961 (19 Sep. - Haarlem), was a geologist and also published on malacology.

Margaret Crockett Teskey, (8 Apr. - Napoleon, OH) 1904-1997 (26 Jan. - Forest Grove, OR), US malacologist.

Domenico M. Testa, 17??-18??, Palermo malacologist, publishing at least during the 1840s.

Anne-Marie Testud, 19??-, Lab. de Malacologie, Mus. Nation. Hist. Nat., Paris [Aperiovula testudiana Cate, 1978, Testudovolva Cate, 1973, Pusillina testudae Verduin, 1979].

Arnold Tetens, 1886-1962, German Malacologist.

The cowry name Bernaya teulerei (Cazenavette, 1846) is dedicated to Dr. B. Teulère, President of the Société Linnéenne de Bourdeuax.

The medusa name Irenium teuscheri (Haeckel, 1879), is likely a tribute to the German Dr. Reinhold Teuscher, 18??-1???, physician and zoologist.

The name of the Atlantic Hump-Backed Dolphin Sousa teuszii (Kükenthal, 1892) is in honour of Edward Teusz, 18??-1???, a German naturalist, who found the first specimen in Cameroun.

Ditlev Due Thaanum, (11 Feb. - Aalborg, Denmark) 1867-1963 (24 Oct. - Honolulu), Danish / US very interested amateur malacologist active on Hawaii. In 1894 he broke up from Denmark on a planned circumnavigation, but stopped when coming to Hawaii. He was the person, who teached Ted Drenga (q.v.) malacology [Chlamys thaanumi (Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1939), Mactra thaanumi W. H. Dall, P. Bartsch & H. A. Rehder, 1938, Acus thaanumi (Pilsbry, 1920), Melanella thanuumi Pilsbry, 1917, Frigidocardium thaanumi (Pilsbry, 1921), Terebra thaanumi Pilsbry, 1921, Turbonilla thaanumi Pilsbry & Vanatta, 1908, Triphora thaanumi EA Kay, 1979, Trivia (Trivirostra) thaanumi Cate, C.N., 1979, Duplicaria thaanumi (Pilsbry, 1921), , Arcinella thaanumi Dall, Bartsch, Rehder, 1938, Conus thaanumi Schwengel, 1955, Mirapecten thaanumi (Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938), Codakia thaanumi Pilsbry, 1918]. Several non marine specis are also in his honour.

Solen thachi von Cosel, 2002 is honouring the Vietnamese dr. N.N. Thach, 19??-, who communicated type material. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information)

Acanthochiton thackwayi Ashby. 1924 was named for Albert Edward John Thackway, 1885-19?? (still living in 1936), New South Wales shell collector.

Dr. J. Thallwitz, 18??-19??, published on hydroids during the 1880s, decapod crustaceans in the Dresden Museum during the beginning of the 1890s and continued to publish on Crustacea (Copepoda) at least until 1927.

Dr. Hans Ernst Thalmann, 1899-1975, who published on foraminiferans (in German) but later - after having moved to USA, ending up at Stanford Univ. (and also for a while working in Sumatra, Indonesia) - in English, is honoured in the foraminiferan name Bolivina thalmanni Renz, 1948.

Tharnardi in species name is not from a persons name, but means "the sea" in the Yindjibarndi language from NW Australia.

Charles Robert Thatcher, (Bristol, England) 1831-1878 (Sep. - Shanghai), British poet and Malacologist, who arrived to Australia in 1852, but left Australia in 1869.

Prof. Dr. Johan Hjalmar Théel, (14 June - Säter) 1848-1937 (20 July), Swedish zoologist, who started his carrier in Uppsala as a disciple of Lilljeborg (q.v.) then Tullberg (q.v.), dissertation in 1872 (on the cranial anatomy of the common duck). He was inspired by Sven Lovén (q.v.) in Stockholm to continue with "Gephyrea" and his first paper (1875) resulted in his appointment as lecturer in Uppsala. (He became inspired to work on marine life in connection with a travel along the Norwegian coast in 1870). In 1883 he succeded Tullberg as prosector and in 1889 he was appointed extra professor of comparative anatomy in Uppsala. Three years later (1892) he succeded the old Lovén as professor of Invertebrate Zoology at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm and director of Kristineberg Marine Zoological Station. In 1916 he retired from the Museum (where he was succeded by Theodor Odhner (q.v.)) and devoted all his energy to Kristineberg until 1924 when Lönnberg (q.v.) took over. However, in 1906 Hjalmar Östergren (q.v.) had been employed as assistant director, i.e. locally responsible for Kristineberg and Théel, then became a prefect of the Station. He worked much with worms like sipunculids and polychaetes, but particularly with holothurians, having found and described e.g. Elpidia glacialis on an Arctic expedition and been asked to work through the Challenger material by Wyville Thomson (q.v.). He was a very good painter and illustrated himself his works. When young he had taken part in the gun boat expexitions with "Gunhild" in 1877-79 and the years before that he had followed A.E. Nordenskiöld (q.v.) to Jenisej & Novaja Zemlja, but himself travelling over Siberia. His habit of wearing his leather briefcase over his shoulder made his students to name it "epiThéel" (pronunced like the Swedish word 'epitel', meaning epithelium) [Tubulanus theeli (Bergendal, 1902), Styela theeli Ärnbäck-Christie-Linde, 1921, Michthyops theeli (Ohlin, 1901), Spio theeli (Söderström, 1920), Myriotrochus theeli Östergren, 1905, Amphicteis theeli Caullery, 1944].

Prosper Thélohan, 18??-19??, French "Sporozoan" researcher [Thelohania Henneguy, 1892, Thelohanellus Kudo, 1933, Goussia thelohani (Labbe, 1896), Rhabdospora thelohani Laguessé, 1906]. He published much on "sporozoa" during the 1890s (partly together with Louis Félix Henneguy (q.v.)), but had begun to study medicine in Paris during 1889, so possibly he quitted sporozoology for a medical career, when he had quitted his medicine studies?

William Theobald, 1829-1908 (31 Mar. - Ilfracombe, Devon, England), malacologist and naturalist, who had arrived to Calcutta in 1847 and in 1855 went to Burma, publishing together with Sylvanus Hanley (q.v.). Possibly of US origin, because he was referred to as W. Theobald Jr. Not to be confused with Frederic Vincent Theobald, (15 May) 1868-1930 (6 Mar.), the British mosquito specialist.

Lacking information about Theodore in the Bahamian gastropod name Conus (Purpuriconus) theodorei Petuch, 2000.

Lacking information about Theodoridis? in the harpacticoid name Leptomesochra theodoridis Soyer, 1966. Possibly in honour of Prof. Dr. Jean Theodorides, (11 June - Paris) 1926-1999 (25 Dec.), oceanographer.

Lacking information about Theodosia in the gastropod name Mendax theodosiae Jay & Drivas, 2002.

The cirripedian name Catherinum theorassi (Zevina, 1975), is likely in honour of Prof. Dr. Théodore S. Rass, 19??-, Moscow, Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography.

André Thévet, (Angoulême) 1502-1590 (23 Nov. - Paris), French oceanographic carthographer, who i.a. published about the mythical marine mollusc "Cochlea sarmatica" in 1575.

The Swiss zoologist Maurice Thiébaud, 1883-19??, published on copepods in Geneve in 1915 and on copepods from the Alps and Jura in 1936 [Phyllopodopsyllus thiebaudi Petkovski, 1955].

Charles Thiebaut, 1837-1884, was a French naval officer who collected algae in Madagascar.

The German benthos researcher Prof. Hjalmar Thiel, 1932-, active in Kiel, Hamburg & Bremerhaven is honoured in the harpacticoid names Mesocletodes thieli Schriever, 1985 and Thieliella Schriever, 1982 and the tardigrade name Euclavarctus thieli Renaud-Mornant, 1975 [Dichelaspis thieli Young, 1998, Munidopsis thieli Türkay, 1975, likely Stygolepta hjalmari Faubel, 1984]. His father Max Egon Thiel, 1898-1979, was a marine biologist as well (working on madreporarians and medusae in Hamburg) [Nausithoe thieli Jarms, 1990, Thieliana Stepanjants, Timoshkin, Anokhin & Napara, 2000] and the rumor tells that he named his son after Hjalmar Théel (q.v.), who had a similar family name.

Dr. Karl Hermann Johannes Thiele, (1 Oct. - Golap, East Prussia) 1860-1935 (5 Aug.), German malacologist, who, inspired by Schulze when still young published 8 works on sponges of e.g. "exotic" areas such as Celebes (now Sulawesi, Indonesia), Ternate, Japan and Chile, but also redescribed many of Oscar Schmidt's rather cursorily described NE Atlantic sponges and i.a. published a small work about sponges from Bukkenfjorden, Norway, but is most famous for his "Handbuch der Systematishen Weichtierkunde" from 1931-35. [Acarnus thielei Lévi, 1958, Clathria thielei Hentschel,1912, Crella incrustans thielei Hentschel, 1911, Hymedesmia thielei Alander, 1942, Forcepia thielei Lundbeck, 1905, Higginsia thielei (Topsent, 1892), Axinella thielei (Topsent, 1898), Mycale thielei Hajdu & Desqueyroux-Faundez, 1994, Ophlitaspongia thielei Burton, 1932, Polymastia thielei Koltun, 1964, Thieleia Burton, 1932, Lepidozona thielei Sirenko, 1975, Cadulus thielei Plate, 1908, Amphitretus thielei Robson, 1930, Neoteuthis thielei Naef, 1921, Benthoctopus thielei Robson, 1932, Joculator thielei Jay & Drivas, 2002, Blasicrura quadrimaculata (Gray, 1824) f. thielei Schilder & Schilder, 1938, Johannesia Gerasimova, Espenbeck & Plotkin, 2008]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided part of this information and Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida emphasized that the "Handbuch" must be the single most widely used malacological text of the 20th century, as evidenced by its listing in the bibliographies of countless other malacological works).

Lacking information about Martin Thielemann, 18??-19??, German isopodologist, in the isopod name Orbione thielemanni Nierstrasz & Brender-a-Brandis, 1931. He published in 1910-11, but it is doubtful if he published later.

Armand Thielens, (Jodoigne, Belgium) 1833-1878 (Paris), Belgian vinegar manufacturer in Tirlemont and malacologist, reporting from a trip to Italy.

Prof. Dr. August Friedrich Thienemann, (Gotha) 1882-1960 (22 Apr.- Plön), German limnologist, who had achieved his PhD at the Univ. of Greifswald annd taught zoology at the Univ. of Innsbruck and Heidelberg and later became Prof. in Kiel, especially working on flatworms and chironomids [Erignatha thienemanni Remane, 1929, Kentrosiga thienemanni Schiller, 1953].

Lacking information about Thiery in the nematode name Chromaspirina thieryi de Coninck, 1943, but possibly a tribute to Leo Michel Thiéry, 1877-1950, Gent, who partly published together with de Coninck,

The medusa name Halitiara thierryi Gershwin & Zeidler, 2003 is in honour of Dr. Thierry Laperousaz, 19??-, collection manager at the South Australian Museum.

The polyplacophoran name Acanthochitona thileniusi J. Thiele, 1909 is likely a tribute to Dr. Georg Christian Thilenius, (4 Oct. - Soden am Taunus) 1868-1937 (28 Dec.), a physician (and professor of anthropology and ethnology at the Univ. of Breslau, from 1904 director of the Museum of Ethnology, Hamburg), who published on the German Südsee-Expedition, 1908-1910.

Catharine Thiriot-Quiévreux, 19??- of the Observatoire Océanologique, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France, who has written malacological works from around 1972 on, is honoured in the gastropod name Monophorus thiriotae Bouchet, 1985. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

Ischnochiton thomasi Bednall, 1897 was named for H. Thomas, 18??-19??, a South Australian artist, who made drawings for one of Bednall's papers on South Australian chitons. Possibly Lepidochitona thomasi H. A. Pilsbry, 1898, Conus terebra thomasi Sowerby, 1881,

The cowry name Erosaria thomasi (Crosse, 1865) and possibly also Chicoreus (Triplex) thomasi (Crosse 1872) & Rapana thomasiana H. Crosse, 1861 are honouring B.C. Thomas, 18??-1???, shell collector, Brest, France.

Dr. James D. Thomas, 19??-, Smithsonian Institution, is an amphipodologist.

Dr. Bernard A. Thomassin, (2 Aug.) 1942-, at the Station Marine d'Endoume, Marseille, is honoured in the genus Thomassinia de Saint-Laurent, 1979 (and the sub-family Thomassininae) for a Callianassid shrimp from Madagascar and French Polynesia, the sipunculan name Aspidosiphon thomassini Cutler & Cutler, 1979, the polychaete names Mediomastus thomassini Warren, Hutchings & Doyle, 1994 & Eupolyodontes thomassini Pettibone, 1989, the ophiuroid name Amphioplus (Amphioplus) thomassini Cherbonnier & Guille, 1978, the scaphopod name Pulsellum thomassini Scarabino, 1995, the gastropod names Aspella thomassini Houart, 1985 & Ancilla (Sparella) thomassini Kilburn, 1981, the bivalve names Vasticardium thomassini Vidal, 1998 & Protocuspidaria (Edentaria) thomassini Poutiers, 1984, the ostracod names Neonesidea thomassini Maddocks, 1991 & Asteropterygion thomassini Kornicker, 1981, the tardigrade Rhomboarctus thomassini Renaud-Mornant, 1984, the stomatopod name Pullosquilla thomassini Manning 1978, the amphipod name Tulearus thomassini Ledoyer, 1979, the tanaid names Julmarichardia thomassini Gutu, 1989 & Leviapseudes thomassini Bacescu, 1987 and the octocoral name Pseudopterogorgia thomassini Tixier-Durivault, 1972. Thomassin has published on e.g. ostracods and collected the holotype of Asteropterygion thomassini Kornicker, 1981 and is working since 1965 on the Indo-Pacific fauna of the coastal environments (coral reefs and associated lagoons, mangroves, etc.).

Sir D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson : (seeM'Intosh).

Fraser Thompson : (see M'Intosh).

Dr. Fred Gilbert Thompson, 1934-, curator at Florida Mus. Nat. Hist., who has worked on hydrobiids [Macromphalina thompsoni Rolan & Rubio, 1998].

Harold Thompson, (12 Oct. - Aberdeen) 1890-1957 (29 May - Edinburgh), Scottish fishery and plankton researcher, who in 1948 published "Pelagic Tunicata of Australia", must be the person honoured in the Antarctic salp name Salpa thompsoni Foxton, 1961.

Isaac Cooke Thompson, (27 July) 1843-1903 (6 Nov.), British (Liverpool) zoologist, working on copepods. He was a member of the Liverpool Marine Biology Committee and thus associated with Herdman (q.v.) and father and son Scott (q.v.) [Cymbasoma thompsoni (Giesbrecht, 1892), Giardella thompsoni A. Scott, 1906, Thompsonula T. Scott, 1905, Diphyllogaster thompsoni Brian, 1899, possibly Amphiporus thompsoni Punnett, 1901, Asterochers thompsoni A. Scott, 1896, Eurytemora thompsoni Willey, 1923, Thompsonopia Jaume, Fosshagen & Iliffe, 1999, possibly Lophopagurus thompsoni (Filhol, 1885)].

Ivan Everett Thompson, 1904-1978, US malacologist.

John R. Thompson, 1???-, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Exploratory Fishing Base, Pascagoula, Mississippi [Haustellum thompsoni Bullis, 1964, possibly Eudolium thompsoni McGinty, 1955, possibly Olivella thompsoni Olsson, 1956, Akera thompsoni Olsson & McGinty, 1951]. He may possibly be identical with Dr. John Richard Thompson, 1928-, who in 1963 presented a thesis on bathyalbenthic caridian shrimps of the SW Atlantic at Duke Univ., Durham, N.C.

Dr. John Vaughan Thompson, (19 Nov - Berwick-upon-Tweed.) 1779-1847 (21 Jan.), naval surgeon, who professionally had travelled much on the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean, when he served in West India, Mauritius and Madagaskar; in 1816 he by chance found small pelagic organisms in the sea off Madagaskar, when he lowered a net constructed of muslin; 1816-34 he settled in Cork as a medical inspector, where he also got the opportunity to study the metamorphosis of marine invertebrate larvae and also wrote i.a. about bioluminescence; from 1835 on he became director of a prison hospital in Sydney, Austrralia, where eventually he ended his days; the opinion "no big naturalist has ever written so little, but so well" is devoted to him [Vaughania, Vauntompsonia Bate, 1858, likely Siriella thompsonii (H. Milne Edwards, 1837)]. Taxon names like thompsoni or similar from this time is however probably more often devoted to his contemporary namesake William Thompson, (2 Dec.) 1805-1852 (17 Feb.), from Belfast, who i.a. 1849-56 (partly posthumously) published "Natural History of Ireland". He had abandoned his father's linen business for natural science, which he from an early age appreciated and later joined Forbes (q,v.) to the Aegean Sea for a few months, but dredged normally around Ireland [Lepeophtheirus thompsoni Baird, 1850]. (The geologist Sydney Mary Thompson, (Whitehouse, around 3 miles N of Belfast) 1847-1923 (16 July - Llandudno, Wales), was his niece). However, another William Thompson, (22 June - Weymouth, Dorset) 1822-1879 (15 Apr. - Weymouth), a wealthy English gentleman, who had studied (in England and France) and qualified as a solicitor, but was primarily interested in natural history, collected in 1854 the type specimens of Platycyamus thompsoni (Gosse, 1855) and was considered by Gosse to be an important supplier of specimens from the sea and he owned two boats, a 104 ton yawl the 'Waif' and the 12 ton cutter 'Feather Star', used for i.a. trawling and dredging. He was also a pioneer underwater photographer, i.e. the first person ever, who photographed below the surface of the sea (in February 1856).

Millet Taylor Thompson, 1875-1907, zoologist from Brown University and Clark College, working on insect galls.

Dr. Thomas Everett Thompson, (3 Nov.) 1933-1990 (1 Jan.), Yorkshire born invertebrate (especially mollusc) embryologist, who graduated in zoology at the Univ. of Wales, Bangor in 1954. He kept studying there at Brambell's (q. v) department, supervised by Dr. (later Prof. after moving to James Cook Univ., Townsville, Australia) Cyril Burden-Jones, 19??-, (who is a hemichordate specialist), and achieved his PhD in 1957 on a thesis on littoral dorids, but spent the next two years at Port Erin, Isle of Man. In 1959 he began a lectureship in Cardiff, but moved to Bristol as a lecturer in 1963, becoming a Reader in Zoology there in 1973. His main interest taxon was the opisthobranchs and one of his many publications is the two-volume Ray Society Monograph on them. He spent much time working in different parts of the world, on a number of fellowships during leaves of abscense and vacations. As an accomplished illustrator, he had plans to publish a volume about marine life in art. However, he lost his life in a road accident on New Year's Day in 1990 [Pseudovermis thompsoni Salvini-Plawen, 1991, Cuthona thompsoni Garcia, Lopez-Gonzalez & Garcia-Gomez, 1991, Elysia thompsoni Jensen, 1993, Loy thompsoni Millen & Nybakken, 1991, Colpodaspis thompsoni G.H. Brown, 1979, Chromodoris thompsoni Rudman, 1983]. (Dr. Bernard Picton kindly provided several of the eponyms)

Prof. Zadock Thompson, (23 May - Bridgewater, Vermont) 1796-1856 (19 Jan. - Burlington, Vermont, US malacologist and Episcopal priest.

The Chile isopod name Stegophryxus thompsoni Nierstrasz & Brender à Brandis, 1931 must likely be a tribute to the aothor of the genus Stegohryxus Thompson, 1902. Likely this must have been the US crustacean worker M.T. Thompson, 18??-19??.

Helge Abildhauge Thomsen, 1948-, Danish protoctistologist at Danmarks Fiskeriundersøgelser (mainly working on choanoflagellates) is honoured in the Thaumatomastigid name Thaumatomastix thomseni Tong, 1997.

Mrs. Metha Thomsen, 19??-, is honoured in the polychaete name Magelona methae Nateewathana & Hylleberg, 1991 "in gratitude of her interest in the Phuket Marine Biological Center".

Sir Basil Home Thomson, (21 Apr. - Oxford) 1861-1939 (26 Mar.), UK / Fiji malacologist and colonial administrator.

Prof. Carl Gustav Thomson, (3 Oct. - Mellan-Grevie Sn.) 1824-1899 (20 Sep. - Lund), Swedish entomologist, especially interested in hymenoptera. Professsor at the Lund University.

Dr. James Allan Thomson, (27 July - Dunedin, New Zealand) 1881-1928 (6 May - Wellington), Palaeontologist, Director of Dominion Museum (New Zealand). Published very good accounts on brachiopods, but had bad health (lung tuberculosis) during the last half of his life and enjoyed playing piano (preferrably Brahms) [Rhyssoplax allanthomsoni Mestayer, 1929].

Prof. Dr. Sir John Arthur Thomson, (8 July - Salto(u)n, East Lothian) 1861-1933 (12 Feb. - Limpsfield, Surrey), Octocoral researcher. Professor of Natural History at the University of Aberdeen from 1899 to 1930, Lecturer on Zoology and Biology in the Royal Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons in Edinburgh. Knighted in 1930 [Cladiella thomsoni Tixier-Durivault, 1944].

John H. Thomson, (Westport) 1824-1896 (New Bedford, MA), US Malacologist, working mainly on land gastropods.

Joseph Thomson, (14 Feb. - Penpont) 1858-1895 (2 Aug. - London - pneumonia), Scottish geologist, naturalist and explorer, who was one of the first European naturalists in certain areas of East Africa during 1878-84. Thomson's Gazelle (Gazella thomsoni) is named for him.

Professor Dr. Sir Charles Wyville Thomson (baptized Wyville Thomas Charles Thomson) (5 Mar. - Bonsyde, West Lothian, Scotland) 1830-1882 (10 Mar. - Bonsyde), scientific leader of first the expedition in 1868 with the old paddle-wheel surveying vessel Lightning, then the Porcupine expedition 1869-70, which found the type material of Protoptilium thomsoni Kölliker,1872, later scientific leader of the more famous Challenger expedition (commanding officer on the corvette was Captain (later Admiral Sir) George Strong Nares, (24 Apr. - Llansenseld, Wales) 1831-1915 (15 Jan. - Surbiton)). Thomson returned to his home country in 1870, as successor of Allman (q.v.) as a professor in Edinburgh, after a period in Belfast [Wyvillethomsonia, Wyvillea, Dorhynchus thomsoni (Thomson, 1873), Diplocrinus (Annacrinus) wyvillethomsoni (Jeffreys, 18??), Peniagone wyvillii Théel, 1882, Oestergrenia thomsoni (Herapath, 1865), Atolla wyvillei Haeckel, 1880, Protoptilum thomsoni Kölliker, 1872, Nephrops thomsoni Bate, 1888, Parawaldeckia thomsoni (Stebbing, 1906), Palinnotus thomsoni (Stebbing, 1899), Cottunculus thomsonii Günther, 1880, Alvania wyvillethomsoni (Friele, 1877), Umbellula thomsoni Kölliker, 1874, Echinophoria wyvillei (Watson, 1886), Amphicteis wyvillei M'Intosh, 1885].

George Malcolm Thomson, (2 Oct. - Calcutta, India) 1848-1933 (25 Aug. - Dunedin, New Zealand), New Zealand naturalist, i.a. crustacean researcher, publishing at least until 1921, the last paper together with the late Thomas Anderton, 18??-1916 (4 Nov., from a brain tumour). G.M. Thomson was the son of a Scottish mercantile trader, who with his family emigrated to New Zealand in 1868. [likely the Australian isopod Actaecia thomsoni Green, 1966]

The ctenophore name Coeloplana thomsoni Matsumoto, 1999 is non directly named for a person, but for Thomson Bay, Rottnest Island, W Australia.

Thora : (see Whitehead).

Prof. Dr. Tord Tamerlan Theodor Thorell, (3 May - Gothenburg) 1830-1901 (22 Dec. - Helsingborg), became student at Uppsala University in 1848, in 1855 he achieved his fil. kand (Bachelor of Science) and in 1857 he defended his doctoral thesis "Recensio critica Aranearum suecicarum, quas descripserunt Clerckius, Linnaeus, De Geerus". The next year he became docent (senior research fellow) in zoology and in 1859 zoologi-adjunkt (assistant professor of zoology) at Uppsala University. He made several trips abroad in order to study zoology, e.g. during 1861-62. In 1864-65, when prof. Lilljeborg (q.v.) was vice chancellor of the university, Thorell deputized for him on the the zoological professorship. In 1867 he married his first wife, who died in 1878 and in 1880 he remarried. He translated and revised Milne-Edwards' "Zoologins Grunder" (the Foundations of Zoology) in 2 volumes, arriving 1860-65. From the autumn 1875 - with the exception of July -79 - Aug. -80 - he lived in Italy and between 1891-96 in south France. He was on leave from 1866 because of poor health and in 1878 he got retired on a pension as a titular professor. He was primarily a specialist on arachnoids. One of his best works is "On European spiders. Part I: Rewiev of the European genera of spiders, preceeded by some observations on zoological nomenclature" in Acta Soc. scient. Upsal., 1869-70, but wrote also several works on arachnoids from the oriental region and (together with G. Lindström) "On a silurian scorpion from Gotland (Palaeophonus nuncius)" 1885. In 1880 he wrote "Några anmärkningar om darwinismen" (some notes about Darwinism). He became a member of the Scientific Society in Uppsala in 1866, the Swedish Scientific Academy in Stockholm in 1877 and an honorary member of the Entomological Society in Stockholm in 1885. He did also work on parasiting crustaceans of ascidians at Kristineberg during the summer months in 1859 (at the expense of the Royal Academy of Science). The other scientist there that summer were Lovén (q.v.) and Lilljeborg. Thorell's early framework regarding the systematics of copepods is well-known, although a side-track in his career. [Doropygella thorelli (Aurivillius, 1882), Stellicola thorelli Kossman, 1877, Pseudanthessius thorellii (Brady, 1880), Cryptopontius thorelli Giesbrecht, 1895]. Regarding spiders, at least 2 genera and around 30 species names are in honour of him.

Thorkell in the amphipod name Rhachotropis thorkelli Thurston, 1980 is a person's name from Icelandic Saga's (according to Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, who kindly informed about this), thus likely Thorkell, Sigfus' son, from Njal's Saga, because Thurston named several species of amphipods after persons in the surroundings of Burnt Njal.

The bivalve name Pitar (Pitarina) thornleyae Lamprell & Healy, 1997 is in honour of Miss Gertrude (Gertie) Thornley, 1906-1997, Australian sheller.

Charles Thorpe, who wrote "British marine Conchology", published in 1844 is a pseudonym of Sylvanus Hanley (q.v.).

Prof. Dr. Gunnar Axel Wright Thorson, (31 Dec.) 1906-1971 (25 Jan.), PhD in 1936, curator of molluscs at the zoological museum in København, (Copenhagen) between 1934-57, professor of marine biology in 1957 and director of the marine biological laboratory in Helsingør (Elsinore) [Ancistrocoma thorsoni Fenchel, 1965, Modiolus thorsoni Ockelmann, 1983, Callianassa thorsoni Sakai, 2006, Manningia thorsoni Naiyanetr, 1987, Typhlocarcinus thorsoni Serène, 1964].

Jón Thorvaldsson, 19??-, Iceland, obtained type material of Protolira thorvaldssoni Warén, 1996 in his trawl.

Prof. Dr. Jahn Throndsen, 1936-, Norwegian plankton protistologist is honoured in the bacillariophycean name Chaetoceros throndsenii (Marino, Montresor & Zingone) Marino, Montresor & Zingone, 1991 and in the haptophyte name Chrysochromulina throndsenii Eikrem, 1996 [likely Phaeocystis Jahnii Zingone, Chrétiennot-Dinet, Lange & Medlin, 1999]. (Dr. T. Brattegard kindly provided the date).

Limnodriloides thrushi Erséus, 1989 is named for Dr. Simon F. Thrush, 19??-, Water Quality Centre, Division of Water Sciences, Department of Scientific and Industrian Research, Hamilton, New Zealand, who collected the type material.

Dr. Erik V. Thuesen, 19??-, the Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington, interested in polychaetes and chaetognaths.

Dr. Gustav Thulin, 1889-1945, Swedish zoologist, educated in Lund, but was also working at the Natural History Museum in Göteborg (Gothenburg) from 1936. He worked i.a. on tardigrades, but also on other marine benthos animals and was considered as a very learned person. The tardigrade genus Thulinia Bertolani,1981 is a junior homonym of a digenean genus name described 2 years earlier (in 1979) by Gibson & Bray and named for Professor Dr. Jan Einar Thulin, 1944-, born in Uddevalla, Sweden, parasitologist and director of the Sea Fisheries Laboratory, Lysekil, Sweden until 1999 [Steringophorus thulini Bray & Gibson, 1980], not related to Gustav.

Cystoseira thunbergii (Mertens) C. Agardh is named for the Swedish disciple of Linnaeus (q.v.) and physician Carl Peter Thunberg, (11 Nov. - Jönköping) 1743-1828 (8 Aug.), who made sucessful travellings as extra ships surgeon to Japan and South Aftrica.

Gustave Adolphe Thuret, (23 May - Paris) 1817-1875 (10 May - Nice), French botanist, specialized on algae development research, who when young was stationed in Constantinople, but in 1851 retired to Rentilly. [Choreonema thuretii (Bornet) Schm. Acrochaetium thuretii (Bornet, 1904) Woelkerling, 1971, Streblonema thuretii Sauvageau]. He worked in Paris together with his French colleague Bornet.

Dr. Edgar Thurston, 1855-1935, Superintendent of the Government Museum, Madras, where he was a predessecor of J.R. Henderson (q.v.) and published on Indian ethnography [Manaria thurstoni E.A. Smith, 1906, Sepia thurstoni W. Adam & W. J. Rees, 1966, likely Mobula thurstoni (Lloyd, 1908), Ecteinascidia thurstoni Herdman, 1890].

Dr. Michael H. Thurston, 193?-, Institute of Oceanographical Scienses, Wormley, mainly amphipodologist, made mollusc material from expeditions with R/V Discovery off NW Africa and in the Poprcupine Seabight available to the authors of Batheulima thurstoni Bouchet & Warén, 1986. [Vibilia thurstoni Zeidler, 2003]. He is now formally retired, but still active. Thurston has named several new amphipod species after persons from Icelandic Sagas, especially from persons in the surroundings of Burnt Njal.

Dr. George Henry Kendrick Thwaites, (Bristol) 1811-1882 (11 Sep. - Kandy, Shri Lanka), British algologist, after having started his career as an accountant in Bristol.

Lacking information about Tiba in the opisthobranch name Diaphana tibai Habe, 1976, but likely a tribute to the Japanese Mr. Ranji Tiba, (28 Apr.) 1909-1993 (20 May), who has published on North Pacific mollusks together with Dr. Sadao Kosuge (q.v.).

The mollusk name Punctabyssia tibbetsi McLean, 1991 is honouring Paul Tibbetts, 19??-, one of the pilots of the submersible Alvin, who caught the species in 1988.

The nudibranch name Glossodoris tibboeli, Valdes and Adams, 2005 is in honour of Hans Tibboel, 1965-, photographing diver originating in the Netherlands, who first took a picture of the species. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Dr. Nicola Tiberi, 18??-1885, Italian malacologist [Callipallene tiberi (Dohrn, 1881), Epitonium tiberii (de Boury, 1890)]. Tiberi published from at least 1855 on.

Dr. Friedrich Tiedemann, (23 Aug. - Kassel) 1781-1861 (22 Jan. - München), German physician and zoologist, mainly working on vertebrates, but published also on e.g. echinoderms [Lesueuria tiedemanni (Eschscholts, 1829)].

Dr. Kevin J. Tilbrook, 1964-, British bryozoan researcher.

Prof. Josephine Elizabeth Tilden, (Davenport, Iowa) 1869-1957, professor of Botany in Minnesota, founded the Minnesota Seaside Station on Vancouver Island, where she collected and teached marine botany during the summers.

The German physician, naturalist and artist Dr. Wilhelm Gottlob Tilesius von Tilenau, (17 July - Mühlhausen, Thüringien) 1769-1857 (17 May - Mühlhausen, Thüringien), who had followed von Krusenstern on the first Russian circumnavigation (and beeing ennobled to von Tilenau by the czar after that), is honoured in the opisthobranch name Plocamopherus tilesii Bergh, 1877 [Talarodictyon tilesii Endlicher, 1843 (a synonym of the Phaeophyceae species Hydroclathrus clathratus (C. Agardh, 1823) M.A. Howe), Actinodoris tilesii J.E. Gray, 1850]. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo kindly added the last eponym).

Prof. Dr. Erich Elias Til-Landz, (Rogberga, Sweden) 1640-1693 (18 Feb. -. Turku, Finland), was a Swedish physician (Prof. of medicine in Åbo) and botanist who had studied in Åbo (Turku) and Leiden, honoured in the epiphytic Bromeliaceae name Tillandsia Linnaeus. He is not connected to marine biology, but in a certain way to the sea, because his original family name was Tillander, which he changed to Til-Landz after having been shipwrecked. The name (a modern spelling should be "till lands") means by land or over land, because he swore never again to travel over water after this horrific experience, when he with great difficulties avoided drowning.

Lacking information about Tiller in the isopod name Munnogonium tillerae (Menzies and Barnard, 1959). Because of the female genitive, likely not a tribute to Dr. Richard Edward Tiller, 1918-, who worked on fish at the Chesapeake Biological Laboratory during the 1940s.

The eponym in the gastropod name Siphonochelus tillierae R. Houart, 1986 may likely honour Annie Tillier, 19??-, at the molecular laboratory of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, married to Dr. Simon Tillier at the same laboratory, who achieved his PhD on a dissertaton about mollusk phylogeny. (Dr. F. Pleijel kindly provided the information about the family).

Dr. Richard William Timm, (2 Mar. - Michigan City, Indiana) 1923-, nematodologist, Davis, California, also known as Father Timm or Fr. Timm [Timmia Hopper, 1961 & Desmotimmia Freudenhammer, 1975, Leptolaimus timmi Vitiello, 1971, Linhomoeus timmi Inglis, 1963, Pectinodrilus timmi (Finogenova, 1985)]. Another naturalist by this name is V. J. Timm, of Estonia (at that time part of the USSR), who wrote about freshwater gastropods (circa 1978-1984). Still another namesake, Dr. Rudolf Timm, 1859?-1936?, Hamburg (Altona), published on copepods and cladocerans of the S & E North Sea in 1894. It is probable, but to a certain degree a bit unsure, if the copepod worker Timm, was identical with the the Bryophyte worker Prof. Dr. Rudolph Timm, 1859-1936, the son of Carl Theodor Timm, 1824-1907, another botanist. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided the information about the malacologist).

Lacking information about Timms in the polychaete name Apomatus timmsii Pixell, 1912. The author must be Dr. Helen L.M. Pixell-Goodrich, 18??-19?? (at least publishing until 1956), protozoologist of Oxford, England, (from 1913 married to the zoologist Prof. Edwin Stephen Goodrich, (21 June - Weston-super-Mare) 1868-1946 (6 Jan. - Oxford)), so Timms must likely also be British.

Tatiana A. Timofeeva, 1944-, Researcher in the Institute of Zoology, Saint Peterburg, Russia, specialist of monogeneans [Timofeeva Chisholm, Wheeler & Beverley-Burton, 1995]. Another T.E. Timofeev / Timofeff, 18??-19??, nemertean specialist, who had worked at the Kharkov Univ. as Privatdocent, but left Russia in 1907 after having taken part in the social-democratic party's actions during the first Russian Revolution in 1905, published on Mediterranean nemerteans in 1912 (had worked as assistant at the Russian Marine Station in Villefranche where he arrived in 1907, from 1908 to 1915) and is likely the honoured person in the nemertean name Tetrastemma timofeevai Gibson, 1995 despite the extra a in the species name. (Prof. Jean-Lou Justine, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, kindly provided the information about the parasitologist).

The copepod name Mesochra timsae Gurney, 1927 may possibly honour Dr. Henry William Marett Tims, (12 Mar. - Calcutta, India) 1863-1954 (4 Mar. - Cambridge), British physician, who in 1910 published on seal embryos from the British National Antarctic Expedition (1901-04).

Who is Tina in the nematode name Dracognomus tinae Jensen, 1981?

Tina in Magelona tinae Nateewathana & Hylleberg, 1991 : (see Hylleberg).

The decapod name Gennadas tinayrei Bouvier, 1906 was in honour of the author's friend, M. Jean Paul Louis Tinayre, (14 Mar. - Neuilly-sur-Seine) 1861-1942, the distinguished painter, who was associated with the expedition of 1904.

Norman Barnett Tindale, (12 Oct. - Perth) 1900-1993 (19 Nov. - Palo Alto, California), Australian entomologist and anthropologist, who joined the South Australian Museum in 1917, was Assistant Entomologist from 1925 and then Curator of Anthropology 1928-62, moving to USA after his retirement [Eophliantis tindalei Sheard, 1936, Ischnochiton tindalei E. Ashby, 1924].

The marine gastropd name Amalda tindalli (Melvill, 1898) and Nassa tindalli Melvill must be tributes to William Arthur Tindall, 18??-1944, Captain of SS Patrick Stewart between 1887-1912, (see F.W. Townsend, who was on board the same ship simultaneously)

Lacking information about Tine in the gastropod names Nassarius tinei Maravigna in Guérin, 1840 and Danilia tinei (Calcara, 1839).

Spencer Wilkie Tinker, (North Dakota) 1909-1999, malacologist, who was the Director of the Aquarium at the University of Hawaii (circa 1951-73) [Hexabranchus tinkeri Østergaard, 1955 Chaetodon tinkeri Schultz, 1951]. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

Capt. Dr. Ernest R. Tinkham, 1904-1987, Indio, California, collected in 1945 fishes in the Riu Kiu Islands for the Academy of Natural Science, Philadelphia.

Lagenivaginopseudobenedenia tinrowi Timofeeva, 1995 is not named for a person, but after the Russian acronym for the Pacific Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography, Vladivostok. (Prof. Jean-Lou Justine, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, kindly supplied this information).

Donn Loyd Tippett, 1924-, of Potomac, Maryland, USA, is honoured in the gastropod name Hindsiclava tippetti Petuch, 1987. Fenimorea kathyae Tippett, 1995 is named after Kathy Tippett, 19??-, the author's wife and collecting partner. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

Mr. Philippe Tirard, 19??-, technician of Centre ORSTOM of Nouema, New Caledonia [Trophon tiriardi Houart, 1991, Ihlopsis tirardi Guinot & Richer de Forges, 1995, Conus tirardi Rockel & Moolenbeek, 1996].

The specific gastropod name Conus tisii T.C. Lan, 1978, from Taiwanese waters must be a phonetic rendition of the author's initials "T.C." for Tzu-Chiao Lan, 19??-2004 (27 June - Taipeh), president of the Malacological Society o0f Taiwan.

The flatworm name Diclidophoropsis tissieri Gallien, 1937, the sponge name Polymastia tissieri Vacelet, 1961 and the bryozoan name Triticellopsis tissieri Gautier, 1962 are likely not named for the person Théodore Tissier, (26 Mar. - Paris) 1866-1944 (Nov.), Président de section au Conseil d'Etat, but rather for the French R/V "Président Théodore Tissier", which was constructed in 1933-34 and used until at least the1960s.

The gastropod name Thais tissoti Petit, 1853 is likely in honour of the French malacologist Marcel Théodore Tissot, 1807-1888.

The fish name Aristostomias tittmanni Welsh, 1923 is likely named for Dr. Otto Hilgard Tittman, (20 Aug.) 1850-1938 (21 Aug.), at the US Coast & Geodetic Survey. A namesake was the agronomist and botanist Dr. Johann August Tittman, 1774-1840, who had physician practice in Dresden and after whom the South African plant genus Tittmannia is named..

The stomatopod name Lophosquilla tiwarii Blumstein 1974 is honouring the zoologist Dr. Krishna Kant Tiwari, (1 Oct.) 1922-, ex- director of the Zoological Survey of India, who has published much on shrimps, mysids and similar creatures. (His daughter Aparrna Prasad, kindly provided this connection between person and eponym).

Fissurella tixierae Métivier, 1971 was named for Madame Andrée Tixier-Durivault, 1908-, French zoologist, specialist of soft corals in Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. Likely also the bivalve Pseudomiltha tixierae Klein, 1967 is named for the same person. (Dr. Métivier kindly provided this information).

Staff-Commander Thomas Henry Tizard, (13 Mar. - Weymouth, Dorset) 1839-1924 (17 Feb.), wha had served as navigating lieutenant throughout the Challenger voyage published "Narrative of the Cruise of H.M.S. Challenger with a General Account of the Scientific Result ..." together with members of the Challenger staff [Radiaster tizardi (Sladen, 1882), Tizardia Dawydoff, 1946, Alveopora tizardi Bassett-Smith, 1890].

Lacking information about Tobije in the Japanese eagle ray name Myliobatis tobijei (Bleeker, 1857).

Lacking information about Tobituka in the NW Pacific skate name Notoraja tobitukai (Hiyama, 1940).

Dr. Francesco Todaro, (14 Feb. - Tripi, W of Messina, Sicily) 1839-1918 (22 Oct. - Roma), Italian physician and Darwinist, publishing on Salpidae from 1875-1910.

Margaret Ruth Todd : (see Cushman).

Lacking information abot Todd in the New Zealand polychaete name Streblosoma toddae Hutchings & Smith, 1997.

Takasi Tokioka, (Yamaguchi) 1913-2001 (30 Sep., almost 88 years old), Japanese zoologist, particularly interested in chaetognaths (and some other large zooplankton organisms) as well as tunicates; publishing from Seto Marine Biological Laboratory from 1962 at least until 1977, when he retired, but continued to live with his family in the neighbourhood of the laboratory for the rest of his life, having been its director the two last years of duty. He became almost 88 years old before he passed away in a heart attack. Beside heart failure, he also suffered from weak eye-sight during hist last years. Tokioka had been a disciple of Prof. Taku Komai (q.v.) at the Kyoto University and also worked on holoplanktonic Mollusca (Heteropoda and Pteropoda), for instance in his well-known series 'Droplets from the plankton net' (at least 10 smaller papers published in the 1950's in Publ. Seto Marine Biol. Lab.) He was well-known in Japan for his philatelistic interests, having written a book about stamp-collecting and having a world-wide stamp collection himself. He and his family also became protectors for abandoned cats, having many around their house, helped by him and his family [Polycarpa tokiokai Monniot & Monniot, 1996, Styela tokiokai Nishikawa, 1991, Polysyncraton tokiokai Romanov, 1989, Acartia tokiokai Mori, 1942, Goniodelphys tokiokai Ooishi & Illg, 1973, Atlanta tokiokai van der Spoel & Troost , 1972, Ophiocentrus tokiokai Irimura, 1981, Krohnittella tokiokai Bieri. 1972, Euchromadora tokiokai Wieser, 1955, Ritterella tokiokai Kott, 1992, Lagena tokiokai Uchio, 1962]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided the dates and some other information, such as that Tokioka's first name sometimes has been written Takashi, but that Tokioka himself wrote Takasi. Arie W. Janssen kindly mentioned Tokioka's interest in holoplanktonic mollusks).

Lacking information about Tokmakova in the nemertean name Tortus tokmakovae Chernyshev, 1991, but likely in honour of the Russian malacologist Dr. Nataliya Pavlovna Tokmakova, 1947-.

The gastropod name Murexsul tokubeii Nakamigawa & Habe, 1964 must likely be a tribute to Dr. Tokubei Kuroda (q.v.).

The gastropod name Ergalatax tokugawai T. Kuroda & T. Habe, 1971 may likely not be a tribute directly to a person's name, but to the Tokugawa shogunate, a samurai clan, ruling Japan between 1603-1868, during the so called Edo period.

Lacking information about Tokunaga in the bivalve name Thyasira tokunagai T. Kuroda & T. Habe, 1951 but possibly a tribute to the geologist Dr. Shigeyasu Tokunaga (or Yoshowara), 1874-1940, who i.a. published in malacology in 1906.

The amphipod name Leucothoe tolkieni G.Vinogradov, 1990 is honouring the British Prof. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, (3 Jan. - Bloemfontein, South Africa) 1892-1973 (2 Sep.), author of the well-known "Lord of the Rings". His family moved back to Britain after his father's decease in February 1896.

The copepod name Derjuginia tolli (Linko, 1913) and the foraminiferan name Dendrophyra tolli Awerinzew, 1911 may likely be honouring the German-Baltic geologist and geographer Baron Eduard Gustav (Wassiljewitsch) von Toll, (14 Mar. - Tallinn) 1858-1902 (Arctic Ocean, unknown location - perished together with three companions), who i.a. published on Siberian palaeontology.

The gastropod name Epitonium tollini Bartsch, 1938 was named for Oscar Tollin, 18??-19??, hobby naturalist (of Swedish origin), who sent the specimen to W.H. Dall (q.v.).

Lacking information about Tolme in the scaphopod name Cadulus tolmei Dall, 1897.

Dr. William Fraser Tolmie, (3 Feb. - Inverness, Scotland) 1812-1886 (8 Dec.), of Victoria office of the Hudson Bay Co., was a physician, botanist, linguist, ethnologist, fur dealer, legislator and company executive, who was sent to the NW part of Amierica in 1833, but in 1836 he was moved to Fort Vancouver, where he should succed John Townsend (q.v.), to whom he became a very good friend [Gadila tolmiei Dall, 1897].

The diatom name Amphora tomiakae Witkowski, Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin, 2000 is dedicated to Mrs. Bozena Tomiak, 19??-, National Committee on Scientific Research, Warsaw.

The gastropod name Columbarium tomicici McLean & Andrade, 1982 is likely honouring Prof. Jorge Juan Tomicic Karzulovic, (3 Jan. - Antofagasta, Chile) 1940-1992 (Bahia de Ite, Ciudad de Nuevo Ilo, Peru), South American marine biologist.

Tetsuo Tomikawa, 1926-, Japanese copepod morphologist.

Prof. Dr. Itiro Tomiyama, 1???-19??, was director of the Misaki Station, Japan, during the 1950s and published on fishes from the beginning of the 1930s at least until 1966 [Tomiyamichthys Smith, 1956].

John Read le Brockton Tomlin, (15 Aug. - Stoke Field, Elston, Nottinghamshire) 1864-1954 (24 Dec.), British malacologist and shell cabinet owner. Once a handsome man, he also had a reputation of being very interested in the opposite sex during his young years. His personal library - he had collected a large malacological library - and part of his collections went after his decease to the National Museum of Wales [Tomlinula Strand, 1932, Cypraea cernica tomlini Schilder, 1930, Proterato tomlini Schilder, 1933, Yoldiella tomlini (Winckworth,1932), Xylophaga tomlini B. Prashad, 1932, Dentalium tomlini Melvill, 1918].

Dr. Jack T. Tomlinson, (22 Aug. - Bakersfield) 1929-2009 (10 Nov. - Oakdale, CA), San Francisco State College, publishing from 1953 to at least 1990 on Acrothoracica, is honoured in the genus name Tomlinsonia Turquier, 1985. He became emeritus in 1988 [Cryptophialus tomlinsoni Newman & Ross, 1971, Weltneria tomlinsoni Zevina, 1991].

The gastrotrich name Dasydytes tongiorgii Balsamo, 1983 is in honour of Prof. Dr. Paolo Tongiorgi, 1936-, professor at Modena University. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Toni : (see de Toni).

The sponge name Mycale toporoki Koltun, 1958 was likely not named directly for a person's name, but probably for the minesweeper Toporok, which from 1947 was used for collecting in the Kuril-Sakhalin Expedition.

Professor Émile Topsent, 1862-1951 (22 Sep. - Dijon), French spongiologist, who worked in laboratories and institutes in the west of France. He described the Atlantic and Mediterranean collections of Prince Albert of Monaco in three monumental volumes and erected many genera and families. His work is basis for the current classification system of the Porifera. [Acheliderma topsenti Burton, 1932, Axinyssa topsenti Lendenfeld, 1897, Chondropsis topsenti Dendy, 1895, Corticium topsenti Pouliquen, 1972, Cryptotethya topsenti Thiele,1900, Desmacella topsenti Burton, 1930, Desmanthus topsenti Hentschel,1912, Dragmatyle topsenti Burton, 1954, Dysideopsis topsenti Hentschel, 1912, Echinodictyum topsenti De Laubenfels, 1936, Erylus topsenti Lendenfeld, 1903, Eurypon topsenti Pulitzer-Finali, 1983, Grayella topsenti Babic, 1922, Haddonella topsenti I. Sollas, 1903, Halichondria topsenti De Laubenfels, 1936, Hymenotrocha topsenti Burton, 1930, Hymerhabdia topsenti Lévi, 1952, Jaspis topsenti Thiele, 1900, Leucandra topsenti Breitfuss, 1929, Raspailia topsenti Dendy, 1924 , Reniera topsenti Thiele, 1905, Rhabderemia topsenti Van Soest & Hooper, 1993, Rhabdoploca topsenti Hentschel, 1912, Spongosorites topsenti Dendy, 1905, Stelletta topsenti Thiele,1903, Suberella topsenti Burton, 1929, Tedania topsenti De Laubenfels, 1930, Topsentia Berg, 1899, Tylaspis topsenti Lévi & Lévi, 1983, Erylus topsenti von Lendenfeld, 1903, Crella topsenti Babiç, 1922, Aristias topsenti Chevreux, 1900, Thoracactis topsenti Gravier C., 1918]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided most of this information).

Tor : (see Berge)

Tord : (see Berge).

Prof. Dr. Otto Martin Torell, (5 June - Varberg) 1828-1900 (11 Sep. - Charlottendal, Liljeholmen), Swedish zoologist, geologist and polar researcher. Was appointed curator at the zoological museum in Lund in 1860 (when he also married), assistant professor of zoology and geology in Lund in 1866 and became director of "Sveriges Geologiska Undersökningar" in 1871. Early in life he got acquainted with Lovén (q.v.) and together with him he visited Bohuslän (Kristineberg) working on molluscs the years around 1850. After having visited Iceland in 1857, he followed Nordenskiöld (q.v.) to Spitsbergen the next year and still a year later he went to Greenland. After beeing installed at the zoological museum in Lund, he again went to Spitsbergen, beeing one of the pioneers in deep dredgings, reaching down to around 2500 meters. His most essencial research results may have been those connected with glaciar geology [Torellia Lovén, in Jeffreys, 1867, Macoma torelli (A.S. Jensen, 1905), Ceradocus torelli (Goës, 1866), Nemidia torelli Malmgren, 1865, Potamilla torelli Malmgren, 1866, Amphipholis torelli Ljungman, 1871, Onoba torelli Warén, 1996, Diplodonta torelli Jeffreys, 1876].

Dr. William George Torr, (26 May - Tavistock, Devon, England) 1853-1939 (13 Sep. - Brighton), enthusiastic shell (primarily Polyplacophora) collector. His family emigrated to South Australia (Burra) in 1855 and he was educated to become a teacher (headmaster).. He accompanied Sir Joseph Verco (q.v.) on his dredging expedition to South and Western Australia. He became a widower three times, but his last wife did not die before 1937. Later he went to England to get a better education, but returned to Australia and lived for most of his life there. [Ischnochiton torri Iredale & May, 1916, Chiton torri H. Suter, 1907 and Chiton torrianus Ch. Hedley & Hull, 1910, Cominella (Godfreyna) torri J.C. Verco, 1909, Enoplochiton torri Bastow & Gatliff, 1907]. A person named C.M. Torr published in 1914 about radulae from South Australian gastropods, but was likely not a relative.

The cockle name Nemocardium torresi (E.A. Smith, 1885) is likely not named directly for a person's name, but from Torres Strait.

Prof. Dr. Harry Beal Torrey, (22 May - Boston, Mass.) 1873-1970 (9 Sep.), US zoologist, who took part in Albatross expeditions and published om medusae from the Californian coast when he was young.

The Cuban malacologist Don Carlos de la Torre y de la Huerta, (15 May - Matanzas) 1858-1950 (19 Feb. - La Habana), who mainly published on Cuban land molluscs, after whom the journal "Revista de la Sociedad Malacologica Carlos de la Torre" was named, is likely the person honoured in the foraminiferan name Stomatorbina torrei (Cushman & Mermudez, 1949) and in the gastropod names Calliostoma torrei Clench & Aguayo, 1940, Bullina torrei Aguayo & Rehder, 1936 & Scaphella torrei (Pilsbry, 1937). This journal was published at least from the 1940s to the 50s. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information). His nephew Alfredo de la Torre y Calleyas, 1???--19??, was also an interested malacologist.

Pomatoschistus tortonesei Miller, 1969 and Dasyatis tortonesei Capapé, 1977 are named for the Italian echinoderm specialist and ichthyologist Prof. Dr. Enrico Tortonese, (10 Mar. - Torino) 1911-1987 (25 Apr. - Genova) at the Genoa Museum. [Thoosa tortonesei Sarà, 1958, Mysidopsis tortonesei  Bacescu, 1968].

The ray name Himantura toshi Whitley, 1939 was named for the marine biologist James R. Tosh, who published on Queensland fishes in Brisbane in 1903. He must be identical with Dr. James Ramsay Tosh, (2 Nov. - Dundee) 1872-1917 (17 July - Baghdad, by heat-stroke, while working for the British Red Cross Society), who was active as Assistant to the Professor of Natural History at St. Andrew's Marine Laboratory during the 1890s, because he corresponded with M'Intosh (q.v.), during his time in Australia.

Dr. Luiz Roberto Tostes , 19??-, Brazilian physician? and amateur malacologist, is honoured in the gastropod names Oliva (Strephona) circinata tostesi Petuch, 1987 and Conus tostesi E. J. Petuch, 1986.

Tota : (see Castellanos).

Buccinum totteni (now a junior synonym) is likely named for the author of Turritella interrupta Totten, 1835, who possibly may be the US naval commodore and author Benjamin J. Totten, 1806-1877 (9 May). There was however also a US malacologist and mineralogist by the name of Colonel (later General) Joseph Gilbert Totten, (23 Aug. - North Haven, New Haven, Connecticut) 1788-1864 (22 Apr. - Washington, D.C., by pneumonia), graduate at West Point (chief engineer in the army), who wrote at least one work on bivalves in 1834 and another on New England shells in 1835, who much more likely may be the honoured person. Hydrobia totteni Morrison, 1954 (a synonym of Turbo minutus Totten, 1834, which is a homonym) is likely named for the same person. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided some of the information about J.G. Totten).

Arthur Knyvett Totton, (Wallington, Surrey) 1892-1973, British siphonophore specialist [Prayola tottoni Carré, 1969]

The harpacticoid name Noodtiella toukae Hanan Mitwallyi & Paul A. Montagna, 2001 is named for the senior author’s daughter, Touka, 19??-, a name derived from obedience in Arabic.

Lacking information about Toulemont in the amphipod name Ampelisca toulemonti Dauvin & Bellan-Santini, 1982. Despite the male ending of the species name, it may possibly honour Annick (Anne) Toulemont, (25 Aug.) 1935-, who has published on medusae and pearls at the museum in Monaco? (Dr. Jacqueline Carpine-Lancre kindly provided the date)

Lacking information about Touret in the sponge name Leptochelastra toureti (Topsent, 1894)must likely be a tribute to Captain Mathurin-Touret, 18??-1???, who during his stay in Tabasco in the beginning of the 1880s collected sponges for Topsent, .

Prof. Dr. Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, (5 June - Aix-en-Provence) 1656-1708 (28 Dec. - Paris), French physician, clergyman and botanist. Published "Eléments de Botanique", where he tried to arrange similar species in 'families', beeing somewhat of a forerunner of Linnaeus (q.v.), and Adanson (q.v.) got his concept 'fimily' from de Tournefort. He was the first botanist, who used the term 'genus' in much the same sense as we now use it and Linnaeus was inspired by this to continue de Tournefort's use of it. He was overrun by a carriage (and died because of this) in the Paris street, which now is honouring his name (Rue de Tournefort). (See also). [Zonaria tournefortii (J.V. Lamouroux) Montagne, 1846, Eunicea tourneforti H. Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857].

Lacking information about Tournier in the medusa name Podocoryne tournieri (Picard & Rahm, 1954). One possible candidate may have been Jacques Raoul Tourniër, 1822-1882, French travelling malacologist and naturalist.

Mr. Frederick William Townsend, 18??-1948?, British captain of Manora, Karachi, First officer of SS Patrick Stewart 1887-1912, a ship repairing telegraph cables in the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, who firstly found the species Fusus townsendi Melvill, 1899, Pisania townsendi Melvill, 1918, Euchelus townsendianus Melvill & Standen, 1903, Bullia townsendi Melvill, 1912 [Platydoris townsendi Eliot, 1905, Strombiformis townsendi Bartsch, 1917, possibly Gibbula (Enida) townsendi (Sowerby)], had a daughter, Miss Alizon Townsend, 18??-19??. for which Scala alizonae Melvill, 1912 - discovered by her father - is named. His wife Emily W. Townsend, 18??-19??, is honoured in Scala emiliae Melvill & Standen, 1903, also discovered by F.W. Townsend.

Dr. John Kirk Townsend, (10 Oct. - Philadelphia) 1809-1851 (6 Feb.), U.S. physician, pharmacist and natural history collector & member of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Together with Thomas Nuttall (q.v.), he visited the North American West Coast and Hawai in 1834-35. The heart urchin Brisaster townsendi A. Agassiz, 1898, found on the American west coast from Panama to Southeast Alaska is possibly a species named after him, but perhaps more likely named for the ichthyologist Dr. Charles Haskins Townsend, (29 Sep. -Parnassus, Pennsylvania) 1859-1944 (28 Jan.), who took part in several Pacific expeditions before he settled as director of the New York Aquarium. His friend Mayer (q.v.) named the medusa Catostylus townsendi Mayer, 1915 after him. He rertired in 1937 [Eualus townsendi (Rathbun, 1902)]

Lacking information about Toyatan in the gastropod names Odostomia toyatani Henderson & Bartsch, 1914 and Turbonilla toyatani Henderson & Bartsch, 1914.

There were two British naturalists named John Tradescant, father and son, the elder living between (Suffolk?) 1570s?-1638 (15 or 16 Apr.), and the younger living between (4 Aug. - Meopham, Kent) 1608-1662 (22 Apr.), both mainly collectors of plants, seeds and bulbs.

Prof. James William Helenus Trail, (4 Mar. - Birsay, Orkney) 1851-1919 (18 Sep.), botanist [Trailia Sutherland, 1915].

George William Traill, (26 Oct.) 1836-1897 (7 Apr. - Joppa, near Edinburgh), a clerk in the Standard Life Company, Edinburgh, but also an indefatigable collector and researcher on Scottish algae. [Trailliella Batters, 1896, Phyllophora traillii Holmes ex Batters, 1890]. His much elder brother (among his 15 siblings and half siblings), Dr. William Traill (see below), who was interested in zoology. Their father (also named William, 1797-1858,) was from Westness and Woodwick, Orkneys.

Lacking information about Traill in the gastropod names Crenavolva striatula traillii (A. Adams, 1855), Natica traillii L. A. Reeve, 1855 and Cerithium trailli (Sowerby, 1855) and in the bivalve name Modiolus trailli L. A. Reeve, 1843. Likely, however, tributes to Prof. Dr. Thomas Stewart Traill (of Tirlet), (29 Oct. - Kirkwall, the Orkneys) 1781-1862 (30 July), (a close friend of William Swainson (q.v.)),who had practised medicine in Liverpool between 1803-32 and became Professor of Medical Jurisprudence in Edinburgh thereafter, who published on natural history and medicine. Audubon also named a bird, the flycatcher Muscicarpa traillii after him. He edited the 8:th edition of Encyclopedia Britannica arriving between 1852-61. A namesake was William Traill, (8 Sep.) 1818-1886, British M.D. and malacologist.

Dr. Bernard Tramier, 19??-, Marseille, Head of the programmes of the Total Foundation for Biodiversity and the Sea. [Pseudominolia tramieri Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided this information).

The decapod name Tridiscias transkei Kensley, 1983 and the gastropod name Pteropurpura transkeiana R. Houart, 1991 is likely not in honour of a person's name, but referring to the republic Transkei in southern Africa..

Lacking information about Tranter in the harpacticoid name Sunaristes tranteri Hamond, 1973 and the natantian name Parastylodactylus tranterae Cleva, 1990. Likely this person may be Dr. David J. Tranter, 19??-, CSIRO Marine Laboratories, Hobart, Tasmania (now - 2010 - likely retired), who has i.a. published on zooplankton sampling.

Lacking information about Trantham in the Gulf of Mexico gastropod name Conus (Leptoconus) floridanus tranthami Petuch, 1995.

Dr. John Boardman Trask, (27 May - Roxbury, Massachusetts) 1824-1879 (3-4 July - San Francisco), US physician and Geologist, first state geologist of California, working mainly in California, is presumably honoured in the amphipod name Orchestia traskiana Stimpson, 1857 and in the gastropod name Acteon traskii Stearns, 1897.

Dr. Winona Trason, (8 Apr.) 1925-1991 (14 Dec. - California), US (Monterey) ascicidian worker, who cooperated much with D. Abbott (q.v.).

The polyclade name Traunfelsia Laidlaw, 1906 may likely honour von Stummer von Traunfels (q.v.), who published on entomology.

Margar Peter Andresen Traustedt, (14 Aug. - Flensborg) 1853-1905 (26 Oct.), Icelandic-Danish zoologist & teacher; tunicate specialist.

The Brazil gastropod name Agaronia travassosi Morretes, 1938 is not a tribute to Francisco Travassos Valdez, 1825-1892, traveller in western Africa and anti slavery campaigner, but honouring Prof. Lauro Pereira Travassos, (2 July) 1890-1970 (20 Mar.), Brazil helminthologist.

Lacking information about Trave in the harpacticoid name Halectinosoma travei Soyer, 1973 and in the halacarid name Parhalixodes travei Laubier, 1960, but likely tributes to Dr. Joseph Travé, 19??-, French mite researcher, at least the halacarid name.

The New Zealand gastropod name Xymene traversi F. W. Hutton, 1873 must likely be a tribute to William Thomas Locke Travers, (19 Jan. - Castleview, Limerick, Ireland) 1819-1903 (23 Apr.), politician, lawyer, ornithologist and botanist, who in 1849 moved to New Zealand, there studying the alpine flora on the southern island. His son Henry Hammersley Travers, 1844-1928, was also a botanical explorer, who studied the Chatham Islands and is honoured in the beaked whale name Mesoplodon traversii (Gray, 1874), which he found at Pitt Island, Chatham Islands.

The genus Travisia Johnston,1840 was named to honour Mr. Travis, (i.e. Dr. John Travis, 172?-1794) from Scarborough, an "eminent surgeon" and a "learned and eminent" friend of Thomas Pennant, (14 June) 1726-1798 (16 Dec.), well-known natural history writer from Wales; "thus contributing to the outcome of his work 'British Zoology' during the end of the 18:th century (ed. 1: 1761-66)" [Gibbula pennnanti (Philippi, 1836), Maurolicus pennanti (Walbaum, 1792)]. This surgeon and aphothecary Travis published about the cause of scurvy in 1762 and seems to also have publishid during the early 1750s, so he was likely born during the 1720s. He is cited in Thomas Hinderwell's "History of Scarboroughs fisheries" from 1811. Also a solicitor and bailiff by that name lived in the same town, but they were not identical, because the solicitor died 11 Mar. 1827, aged 70. In another work by Hinderwell the following is found: "In the Church-yard the following inscription is on the Tomb-stone of the late John Travis Esq., Surgeon, whose professional abilities, literary aquirements, and amiable qualities, were in high estimation. Johannes Travis Mortalis esse desiit Anno Salutis 1794. "^- Mt. 71 "* Nascentes morimur, finisque ab origine pendet. Reader! redeem the time, - repent, - amend! Life hath no length. Eternity no end. If "Mt.71" means that he was 71 years old, he must have been born in 1722 or 1723.

Prof. Dr. Aaron Louis Treadwell, (23 Dec. - Redding, Connecticut) 1866-1947 (24 June), US polychaetologist at Miamy Univ. 1891-1900, Vassar College, 1900-1914, and also instructor at the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory [Gattyana treadwelli Pettibone, 1949, Pottsipelogenia treadwelli Pettibone, 1997].

Dr. Gregoriy S. Tregouboff, (20 Dec. - Kiev) 1886-1969 (5-6 Jan.), moved in 1905 to France, where he achieved his PhD at the Univ. of Montpellier, studied natural sciences and spezialized in cytology and protistology. Worked mainly on Mediterranean plankton, particulary "Actinopodes". He had first arrived at the Russian marine Laboratory in Villefranche at the end of 1914 and one year later he became librarian there, later becoming Directeur honoraire de la Station Zoologique de Villefrache-sur-Mer, was a member of several scientific societies and got several prizes [Melanopsamma tregoubovii (Ollivier) Ollivier, 1930, Peridinium tregouboffi Halim, 1960, Atlanticellodinium trgouboffi Cachon & Cachon-Enjumet, Gymnocella tregouboffi Enjumet, Stigmosphaera tregouboffi Hollande & Enjumet, Arachnostylus tregouboffi Hollande & Enjumet, Tintinnopsis tregouboffi Balech, Merga tregouboffi Picard, 1960, Tregoubovia atentaculata Picard, 1958, Oncaea tregoubovi Chmeleva, Boreomysis tregouboffi Bacescu, 1941 Appendicularia tregouboffi Feanaux, 1960 Thalassoascus tregoubovii Ollivier, 1926, Tregoubovia Picard,1958, Hagiosynodos kirchenpaueri tregoubovii Gautier, 1962, Cercaria tregouboffi Arvy, 1952]. (The last trematode larva name kindly added by Prof. A. Gaevskaya, Sevastopol]

About the chirostylid name Eumunida treguieri de Saint Laurent & Poupin, 1996 the authors explain "Cette espèce est dédiée au Médecin en Chef, Jean-Yves Tréguier", 19??-, "Chef de la participation des Armées au Service Mixte de Surveillance Radiologique et Biologique (SMSRB)".

Trémeau de Rochebrune : (see Rochebrune).

Robert Haines Tremper, 1853-1933, US Malacologist, is honoured in the gastropod names Cymatium amictum tremperi Dall, 1907, Turbonilla tremperi Bartsch, 1917, Pteropurpura tremperi Hemphill in Dall, 1910 and Odostomia tremperi Bartsch, 1927.

Epitonium trevelyanum (Johnston,1841 ex Leach MS) was first found by the collector of natural products and eager student of the Faeroe flora Sir Walter Calverly Trevelyan, (Newcastle-upon-Tyne) 1797-1879 (23 Mar. - Wallington, Northumberland), from Somerset, fide Leach, in Gray 1853, albeit Jeffreys 1867 says that Miss Emma Trevelyan, (27 Feb.) 1801-1857 (17 May), (his younger sister) found the first shell [Propebela trevelliana (Turton, 1834)]. Emma married to A.W. Wyndham June 22 1830.

Either Dr. Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus, (4 Feb. - Bremen) 1776-1837 (16 Feb. - Bremen), a cytology pioneer, or his brother Prof. Dr. Ludolph Christian Treviranus, (18 Sep. - Bremen) 1779-1864 (6 May), botanist, is likely hidden in the ctenophore name Calymma trevirani Eschscholts, 1829, most likely the elder brother.

The bivalve name Pitar (Pitarina) trevori Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990 is in honour of Mr. Noel Trevor, 19??-, of Boyne, Queensland, who provided material to the authors. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Eulimella trewae Van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 2000 was named for Allison Trew, around 1960-, curator in charge of the mollusca at National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, who has published on malacological authors.

Dr. Ethelwynn Trewavas, (5 Nov. - Penzance, Cornwall) 1900-1993 (16 Aug. - Reading), English ichthyologist, who initially assisted Regan (q.v.) in his research from 1928 when he became Director of the Museum. She mostly worked on African fresh water fishes and at least 19 species names are in her honour.

Pseudocyclopina eddatreyae Elwers, Arbizu & Fiers, 2001 is dedicated to Mrs. Edda Trey, 19??-, "with acknowledgement of her unlimited support during the studies by the senior author" and Pseudocyclopina berndtreyi Elwers, Arbizu & Fiers, 2001 is dedicated to Mr. Bernd Trey, 19??-, "with acknowledgement of this unlimited support during the studies by the senior author".

Conus tribblei Walls, 1977 was named for - not a person - but the favorite cat of the author, Tribble, who in turn was named after the featureless balls of fur made famous in the science fiction play "The trouble with Tribbles" by David Gerrold from the TV show "Star Trek". (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Dermomurex triclotae Hoaurt, 2001 was named for Marie-Pierre Triclot, 19??-, who sorted the material in which the type was found.

The ostracod name Paradoxostoma trieri Horne & Whittaker, 1985 is honouring Klaus Trier, (22 Aug. -Bad Nauheim, Germany) 1915-2002 (27 Mar. - Mathry, Pembrokeshire), from Haverfordwest, who collected and studied the marine and brackish water ostracod fauna of the coast of S.W. Wales from 1974 until 1979. He also published on marine and brackish Pembrokeshire ostracods in 1993. He found the species, honouring his name, in W Pembrokeshire. He took up studying ostracods after his retirement, on suggestion from his friend Peter Sylvester-Bradley, Prof. of Geology at Leicester Univ. (Prof. Eugen K. Kempf, Köln, kindly provided most of this information, but it was later kindly supplemented by Trier's son Mike, who provided dates, places, etc.).

Prof. Salvatore Trinchese, (4 Apr. - Martano, Provincia di Lecca) 1836-1897 (11 Jan.), Italian opisthobranchiologist, Prof. of zoology at Bologna and successor of Paolo Panceri (q.v. - under Cornalia) as Prof. of Comparative Anatomy at the Univ. of Napoli [Trinchesia Ihering, 1879].

Giulio Trinci, 18??-19??, published on hydromedusae during the first years of the 20:th century..

Lionello Tringale, 19??-, malacologist in Rome, Italy.

The Indian parasitologist Dr. Y.R. Tripathi, 19??-, Director, Uttar Pradesh Fisheries Department, is honoured in the monogenean name Gemmaecaputia tripathii Gupta & Krishna, 1980. He already published during 1937 and was still active in 1980, but is likely retired, if still living.

The Rev. Henry Baker Tristram, (11 May - Eglimham vicarage, close to Ainwick, Northumberland) 1822-1906 (8 Mar.), English clergyman, scholar, traveller, ornithologist and malacologist, working mainly with nom marine creatures. (Uri Bar-Zeev, Israel kindly provided this information).

The polychaete name Hydroides trompi Bastida Zavala & Ten Hove, 2003 is honouring J. Tromp, 195?-, biology teacher in Aruba; during his MSc (1978) under H.A. ten Hove (q.v.) he studied the serpulids from Panama. (Dr. ten Hove kindly provided this information).

The aplacophoran name Dorymenia troncosoi Garcia-Alvarez, Urgorri & von Salvini-Plawen, 1998 is honouring Dr. Jesús S. Troncoso, (1 Nov.) 1961-, malacologist at the Universidad de Vigo, Spain. Favorinus elenalexiarum Garcia and Troncoso, 2001, is named after Elena Garcia, 19??-, and Alexia Troncoso, 19??-, daughters of the authors.

Jean and Hildrun Tröndle 19??-, at Tahiti, (living in La Force, France), shell collectors and malacological specialists of the French Polynesian fauna, who collected specimens of Nassarius trondleorum Cernohorsky, 1980. Terebra trondlei Bratcher, 1981 & Clathrosansonia troendlei is named for Jean.

Prof. Dr. Franz Hermann (Fritz) Troschel, (10 Oct. - Spandau, close to Berlin) 1810-1882 (6 Nov.), PhD in 1834 in Berlin (where he was much influenced by Johannes Müller (q.v.)), zoology professor at the Bonn Univ from 1849. Primarily he was a malacologist, especially working on radulas. However, he also worked on echinoderms, partly together with J. Müller. [Troschelia Mörch, 1876, Murex troscheli Lischke, 1868, Anadara troscheli Dunker, 1882].

Mr. Henry J. Trost, (1 Sep.) 1888-1974 (1 Sep.), of the De Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco, California [Poromya trosti Strong & Hertlein, 1937]. The obituary published in 1974 in the San Francisco Chronicle says that he was trained as a zoologist and taxidermist; in charge of natural history collection of the De Young Museum until they were transfered to the California Academy of Sciences; afterwards, he remained with the De Young, working in art restoration, etc. (David Hollombe, Los Angeles, kindly provided this information).

Jacques Trotin, 19??-, French collector-dealer who owns a dive-resort in the Philippines and active in tangle netting. Jacques Trotin named his son Leucodio and his daughter Leucodia after the famous shell Cypraea leucodon. [Calliostoma trotini  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Édouard Louis Trouessart, (25 Aug. - Angers) 1842-1927 (30 June - Paris), French naturalist, who published much on halacarids and other Acarina [Scaptognathus trouessarti Halbert, 1915, Copidognathus trouessarti (Voinov, 1896)].

Lacking information about Troughton in the Australian sea star Nepanthia troughtoni Livingstone 1934, but possibly a tribute to Ellis Le Geyt Troughton, (Sydney) 1893-1974 (30 Nov. - Bondi Beach), who has published on Australian furred animals? The only thing about Troughton, that Livingstone say in the description, is that the species was collected in King George's Sound, Western Australia by Messrs. Troughton, Grant and Wright in Nov. 1921.

The Angolan gastropod name Conus trovaoi Rolan & Röckel, 2000 is in honour of the malacologist Herculano Trovão, 1923-2001, from Portugal. His wife Maria da Fé, 19??-, known to friends as Felita, is honoured in the cone name Conus felitae Rolán, 1990.

Frederick William True, (8 July - Middletown, CT) 1858-1914 (25 June), wrote many papers about whales and seals (including fossil), other mammals, and even a copepod. He was important in the administration of the U.S. National Museum and the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. [Phocoenoides dalli (True, 1885) truei Andrews, 1911] (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Trunov in the calanoid name Diaixis trunovi Andronov, 1979. Possibly in honour of the ichthyologist Ivan Andreevich Trunov, (24 Feb.) 1936-2005 (18 Nov.), but other biologists of this family name may also be possible.

Dr. Arvid Filip Trybom, (24 Dec. - Fifvelstad, Östergötland) 1850-1913 (13 Feb. - Stockholm), Swedish zoologist, initially entomologist in Uppsala (Fil Lic. in 1882, Dr. h.c. in 1907) and as such taking part of expeditions to northern Russia. During 1878 he participated in the Skagerrak, Kattegatt and Öresund expedition with the cannon boat "Gunhild" together with Théel (q.v.). After this he became interested in fisheries and eventually he became a fisheries research commissioner. The freshwater copepod Diaptomus trybomi Lilljeborg, 1889 is named for him as well as the fish Spring spawning vendace, Coregonus trybomi Svärdson, 1979.

Trym : (see Berge).

George Washington Tryon, Jr., (20 May - Philadelphia) 1838-1888 (5 Feb. - Philadelphia), US malacologist, who after retireing from business in 1868 devoted his attention to conchology, mainly occupied with non-marine taxa, but also with marine bivalves. He also was a music composer and publisher [Epitonium tryoni (de Boury, 1913), Benthobia tryonii Dall, 1889, Vitrinella tryoni Bush, 1897, Murex tryoni Hidalgo in Tryon, 1880].

Lacking information about Tschernyschev in the amphipod name Orchomene tschernyschevi Brüggen, 1909., but likely a tribute to the Russian geologist Dr. Th.N. Tschernyschev (or Chernychev or Tchernyschev), 18??-19??, St. Petersburg, who is commemorated also in the Tschernyschev Museum (Geological Exploration Museum), St. Petersburg. Alexei Viktorovich Tshernyshev, 1969-, Russian malacologist, may be a later relative?

Lacking information about Tschugunov in the digenean name Aponurus tschugunovi Issatschikov, 1928.

Mr. Eiji Tsuchida, 19??-2000, Japanese malacologist.

Arao Tsurata, 1924-, Japanese, who has worked on copepod distribution.

Lacking information about the eponym in the ascidian name Polyclinum tsutsui Tokioka, 1954. A Japanese ascidian researcher is Hidekazu Tsutsui, 19??-, Misaki Marine Biological Station, but he was likely not active already in the beginning of the 1950s, so likely another biologist may be the honoured person in this context, e.g. Mr. Yoshitaka Tsutsui, 1???-, director of the Osaka Municipal Museum of Natural History (during the 1950s and at least the beginning of the 1960s), who published about a Scientific Survey of the Tokara Islands in 1954 simultaneously as Tokioka published on different animal groups from the same islands, i.a. ascidians, and this species was described there, so he is a very likely candidate.

Nina Leverevna Tsvetkova, 19??-, curator of crustaceans at the St Petersburg Zoological Institute, a disciple of Gurjanova (q.v.), working on amphipods.

Lacking information about Tu in the Kermadec Island cephalopod name Abraliopsis tui Riddell, 1985.

The amphipod name Austrocephaloides tucki (Berge & Vader, 199?) was not named for a living person, but for Brother Tuck in Robin Hood's adventures. The junior author (Berge) namely thought that the whirl of setae around the maxilliped of this species looked like this monk's hair ring. (Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided this information).

About the amphipod name Pariphinotus tuckeri Kunkel, 1910, the author is not explaining the reason for this name, only saying that Dr. W.G. Van Name collected the types in 1901, in "The Amphipoda of Bermuda", so perhaps likely not in honour of a person's name, but referring to Tucker's Town Peninsula, Bermuda.

Tuerkay : (see Türkay).

The isopod name Chiridotea tuftsii (Stimpson, 1853) must be a tribute to his friend Samuel Tufts Jr., (29 Oct. - Wilmington, Mass.) 1817-1902 (28 Dec. - Woburn, Mass.), Massachusetts shell collector and aquarium stocker (a former shoe maker), living in Lynn, Mass., later in Cambridge, Mass. and during the end of his life in Woburn, and the cephalopod name Grimpoteuthis tuftsi Voss & Pearcy, 1990 is not in honour of Dennis F. Tufts, 1938-, US malacologist, but is living in Tufts Abyssal Plain, off Oregon, named for the engineers from Tufts College / Univ. in Medford Mass., who were the person's who mainly charted the waters off Oregon.

Prof. Dr. Tycho Fredrik Hugo Tullberg, (9 Oct. - Uppsala) 1842-1920 (24 Apr. - Uppsala), the 2:nd "clean" zoologist (after Lilljeborg) on the professor chair in Uppsala; another chair had during 1741- 76 been occupied by Tullberg's mother's mother's mother's father, Carl von Linné (Linnaeus (q.v.)), but Linné - the inventor of binominal nomenclature - was a professor of medicin and natural history, not zoology. Tullberg achieved his PhD in 1869, was appointed docent (unpayed assistant professor) in 1871, studied anatomy in Leipzig in 1875 under Leuckart (q.v.), married in 1878 and was appointed professor after Lilljeborg (q.v.) in 1882. He retired in 1907. As a curiosity may be noted that Tullberg was a gifted drawer and also teached drawing during the 1860s and -70s [Apistobranchus tullbergi (Theel, 1879), Scina tullbergi (Bovallius, 1885), Anurida tullbergi Schött, 1891, Protaphorura tullbergi (Bagnall, 1935), Tullbergia Lubbock, 1876, Metasepia tullbergi (Appellöf, 1886)].

Mr Tumanowicz of Hastings, 18??-1???, is honoured in the foraminiferan name Halyphysema tumanowiczii Bowerbank, 1862. He must be identical with C.I. Tumanovicz, Professor of the German Language and Drawing, 32 Russel Street, Hastings, who had published on algae in 1846, 1855 and 1864.

Sutilizona tunnicliffae Warén & Bouchet, 2001 was named for Prof. Dr. Verena Tunnicliffe, 19??-, Univ. of Victoria, Canada, deep sea zoologist.

The octocoral name Pacifigorgia tupperi Breedy & Guzman, 2003 was named in honour of Mr. Mark Tupper, in recognition of his interest and valuable collaboration in the development of marine science in the tropics. He must be identical with Dr. Mark H. Tupper, 19??, Canadian marine biologist, later at the Univ. of Guam.

The monogenean name Octolabea turchinii Euzet & Trilles, 1960 is honouring Simon Turchini, 19??-1960 (June), (In French from their paper: Chef de Travaux à la Faculté des Sciences de Montpellier. Décédé accidentellement en juin 1960). (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided this information).

Turkay : (see Türkay).

The flatworm name Olssonium turneri Bray & Gibson, 1980 is honouring Mr Robert J. 'Bob' Turner, 19??-, from the MAFF (now CEFAS) Fisheries Laboratory at Lowestoft: a biochemical fish population biologist. (Dr. Rodney A. Bray kindly provided this information).

Dawson Turner, (18 Oct. - Great Yarmouth, Norfolk) 1775-1858 (20 June - Old Brompton, London, by stroke), F.L.S., a wealthy banker, bibliophile and antiquary, who was skilled in antiquities and i.a. published a work on Fuci in 1802 and a 4-volume monograph on British seaweeds in 1808-11 & 1819 [Dawsonia Robert Brown, Asperococcus turneri (Smith in Smith & Sowerby, 1790-1814) Hooker, 1833, Streblonema turnerella Foslie, Turnerella Schmitz, 1889, Boderia turneri Wright, 1867]. Friend of Dillwyn (q.v.) and James Sowerby (q.v.), encouraging the natural history activities of the Sowerby's. Turner also had artists in his own family. In 1796 he married Mary Palgrave, 1774-1850, who was an accomplished water-colour artist. Among the 11 children, all but the youngest of the 6 daughters, who reached adult age inherited their mothers artistic gifts. When Mary died at an age of 76, her widower remarried a much younger woman, Rosamund Mathilda Duff (née Neave), 1810-1863, the following year and left Yarmouth to live in Barnes and from 1853 in Old Brompton. Turners eldest daugter Maria Sarah Turner, 1797-1872, married William Jackson Hooker (q.v.) in June 1815. The British algologist Miss Magdalene Turner, 1???-18??, (fl. 1840-1880s), who sent algae from Jersey to Harvey (q.v.) and got the green algal name Cladophora (Aegagropila) magdalenae Harvey named for her, seems not to have been closely related (or not related at all) to D. Turner.

Prof. Dr. Ruth Dixon Turner, (7 Dec. - Melrose, Mass.) 1914-2000 (30 Apr.), US Professor of Biology and Curator in Malacology at Mus. of Comparative Zoology, Harvard Univ., particularly interested in wood-boring bivalves [Neosimnia ruthturnerae Cate, 1973, Miomelon turneri Dell, 1990, Microgloma turnerae Sanders & Allen, 1973, Xylophaga turnerae Knudsen, 1961, Wemersoniella turnerae Scarabino, 1986, Pholadiphila turnerae H.K. Dean, 1992].

Dr. William Turner, (Morpeth, Northumberland) 1508-1568 (7 July - London), British vicar, physician and early collector of natural history objects, known as the father of British botany, publishing a book about the healing ability of herbs in English. Because of his faith in protestantism he was driven into exile. A later British exact namesake, the Rev. William Turner, 1826-1897, had malacological interests. Another namesake is the malacologist Dr. Hans Turner, (6 Mar. - Aurolzmünster, Austria) 1928-2009 (30 June - Lugano, Schweiz).

Ms. Elizabeth Turnet, 19??-, Malacological Section, Museum and Art Gallery of Tasmania [Fissidentalium elizabethae Lamprell & Healey, 1998].

Pierre Jean François Turpin, (11 Mar. - Vire, Calvados) 1775-1840 (1 May - Paris), French botanist, algologist and botanical illustrator, who between 1794-1802 collected in Haiti, Tortuga and USA, but then returned to France. The art of illustration he had learned himself, but is considered as one of the greatest botanical illustrators.

The medical Dr. Jean Turquet, (20 May - Pradalette close to Clugnat) 1867-1945 (16 May), is likely the honoured person in the amphipod name Parhalimedon turqueti Chevreux, 1906, in the cephalopod name Pareledone turqueti (Joubin, 1905) and in the asteroid name Cryptasterias turqueti (Koehler, 1906). Turquet reported in 1906 on the life at the South Pole from J. Charcot's "Français" expedition in 1903-05, in which he took part, although not from the beginning in France, but together with the geologist Ernest Gourdon, 1873-19??, entering the ship in Buenos Aires (a few in the original scientific crew had left the expedition in Permambuco, Brazil: Jules Bonnier, Charles Perez and De Gerlache, who all returned to Europe). After WW I, he settled as a physician in his home town Clugnat.

Prof. Dr. Bernard Tursch, 19??-, Brussels, Belgium, collected type material of Terebra turschi Bratcher, 1981 in Papua New Guinea [Chicomurex turschi (Houart, 1981), Sarcophyton turschi Verseveldt, 1976].

Dr. William Turton, (21 May - Olveston, Gloucestershire) 1762-1835 (28 Dec. - Bideford), British physician and amateur conchologist in Swansea and the surroundings of Devon, named i.a. Epitonium turtonis (Turton,1819) for an unmarried daughter's family name (sic!) [Turtonia Alder, 1848, Lepidochitona turtoni E. Ashby, 1928, Beringius turtoni (Bean, 1834), Galeomma turtoni G.B. Sowerby I in Turton, 1825, Beringius turtoni (Bean, 1834)]. There was a later Englishman by the name of William Harry Turton, (India) 1856-1938, with an interest in molluscs (collecting in South Africa and in St. Helena). He was an inveterate splitter and a great nephew of the elder Turton. [Natica turtoni E. A. Smith, 1890] (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided the information about W.H. Turton).

Harry R. Turver, (8 Jan. - California) 1892-1968 (1 Apr.), who collected molluscs for the San Diego N.H. Museum, is honoured in the gastropod names Turveria Berry, 1956 and Acmaea turveri Hertlein & Strong, 1951.

The crab name Microthelphusa turumikiri Rodriguez, 1980 is not in honour of a person's name, but was found in Cerro Turimikiri, Sucre State, Venezuela.

The coral name Flabellum tuthilli Hoffmeister, 1933, must either be in honour of Hoffmeister's wife Ruth, née Tuthill, (30 May - East Hartfod, CT) 1902- (still living at age 108), whom he married in June 1924, or one of her relatives - perhaps her father William Bodle Tuthill, (7 Oct. - Goshen, Orange County, New York) 1867-1961 (23 Sep. - New Haven, Conn.), or her only brother (by the same name as her father), 1907-1981, who might have helped him collect this species.

The Arctic hydroid name Sympagohydra tuuli Piraino, Bluhm, Gradinger & Boero, 2008 is in honour of the newborn daughter of Bodil Bluhm and Rolf Gradinger, Tuuli, 2008-, whose name is derived from a Finnish word meaning wind.

Michael Wilmer Forbes Tweedie, (2 Sep.) 1907-1993 (Mar.), son of a British Inspector-General of the Imperial Indian Police Service and his Tasmanian wife, Crustaceologist, mainly working on crabs and stomatopods, but also publishing on e.g. fish and reptiles. He joined the staff of the Raffles Museum, Singapore in 1932 as Assistant Curator. After serving as curator for several years he in 1946 became Director of the Museum, serving as such for 25 years. He often took part in collecting expedition, but was also active publishing several articles and books [Tweedieia Ward 1934, Parosphromenus tweediei Kottelat & Ng, 2005].

The Suez Canal polychaete Polycirrus twisti Potts, 1928 was named for Mr. D.N. Twist, 1???-19??, Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge Univ., member of the Cambridge Expedition to the Suez Channel in 1924, in which the leader H.M. Fox (q.v.), R. Gurney (q.v), and V.C. Robinson also took part.

Sir William Crofton Twynam, (Galle, S Sri Lanka) 1827-1922 (12 Mar. - Jaffna, NE Sri Lanka), Government Agent of the Northern Province, Ceylon and Superintendent of Pearl Fisheries, reported to the government regarding Ceylon pearl fisheries [Syngastes twynami (Thompson & Scott, 1903)].

Captain Gustaaf Frederik Tydeman, (12 Feb. - Paramaribo, Surinam) 1858-1939 (1 May - 's-Gravenhage), published on the ship Siboga and it's equipment and on the hydrographical results of this expedition, of which he was the captain [Pallenopsis (Bathypallenopsis) tydemani Loman, 1908, Tydemanella A. Scott, 1909, Eulimella tydemani van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998, Tydemania A. Weber, 1913 (alga), Tydemania M. Weber, 1913 (fish)].

Lacking information about Tyler in the gastropod name Varicospira tyleri (H. & A. Adams, 1863). (Gijs Kronenberg kindly corrected the modern genus name and a misinterpretation that it was a bivalve)

The SW Pacific fish name Polyplacapros tyleri Fuji & Uyeno 1979 and in the Indian Ocean fish name Canthigaster tyleri Allen & Randall, 1977 are likely in honour of Dr. James Chase Tyler II, (31 Mar. - Shanghai, China) 1935-, US ichthyologist at the Smithsonian Institution. The Atlantic South American fish Sphoeroides tyleri Shipp, 1972, is named for the same person.

Tyler : (see also Gage).

Prof. Dr. Michael Türkay, 1948-, at the Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main, Germany is honoured in the decapod names Calappa tuerkayana Pastore 1995, Lithodes turkayi McPherson 1988, Tuerkayogebia Sakai, 1982, Solitariopagurus tuerkayi McLaughlin, 1997, Hymenopenaeus tuerkayi Crosnier, 1995, Euchirograpsus tuerkayi Crosnier, 2001, in two Copepod names as well, Amphicrossus tuerkayi Martinez Arbizu, 1999 & Pterochirella tuerkayi Schulz, 1990 and in the polychaete name Eunoe tuerkayi Barnich & Fiege, 2003.

The Indian Ocean (off Somalian coast) cephalopod name Idioteuthis tyroi Salcedo-Vargas, 1997 is not honouring a person's name, but must have been found by R/V Tyro, a Dutch ship usually used in the Indian Ocean, also honoured in the fish name Hippocampus tyro Randall & Lourie, 2009.

Lacking information about Tyrtow in the gastropod name Parahedyle tyrtowii Kowalewsky, 1901. Likely the name may be an honour to Captain Paweł Petrovich Tyrtow, 1838-1903 (4 Mar.), of the Russian fleet corvette Ascold, commanded by him in at least 1877, but later eventually becoming an admiral and in 1900 he was minister of Russia's marine forces, or perhaps, but less likely, a tribute to Nikolai Nikanorovich Tyrtow, 1822-1888, Professor of physics in St. Petersburg?

Prof. Alexander Tzetlin, 1954-, at the Moscow State Univ. (interests: general marine biology and annelidology), may be the person honoured in the ascidian name Molgula tzetlini Sanamyan, 1993 and in the sponge associated barnacle Acasta tzetlini Kolbasov, 1992.

Lacking information about Tzinovski in the W Pacific skate name Bathyraja tzinovskii Dolganov, 1985.

Dr. Nina L. Tzvetkova, 193?-, taxonomist and biologist who succeded Gurjanova (q.v.) as curator at the Museum in St. Petersburg, who has published much on amphipods, is honoured in the amphipod name Spasskogammarus tzvetkovae Bousfield, 1979. She has a reputation of skillfulness and has i.a. published a book about Gammaridae. She is likely now retired and more loosely connected to the museum's crustacean department. (Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided this information).

Dr. Åge Vedel Tåning (or Taaning), (27 July - København) 1890-1958 (26 Sep. - København), Danish fisheries researcher, a disciple of J. Schmidt (q.v.); specialist on Myctophidae. Obituary by Arni Fridriksson (1959) in Journal du Conseil 24: 211-214, 1 portrait. [Diaphus taaningi Norman, 1930, Hygophum taaningi Becker, 1965, Funchalia taaningi Burkenroad, 1940, Taningia Joubin, 1931, Dorsopsis taningi Thore, 1949].

Johann Casimir Ubaghs, (10 Oct. - Vital, Aachen Stadt, Preussia) 1829-1894 (4 Feb.), German / Dutch / Belgian Malacologist.

Prof. Dr. Tohru Uchida, (24 Aug.) 1897-1981, Hokkaido Imperial Univ., Japanese zoologist, especially a hydrozoan specialist, at the Hokkaidô University, Sapporo [Uchidana Iwata, 1967, Micrura uchidai Yamaoka, 1940, Carinesta uchidai Iwata, 1952, Neodasys uchidai Remane, 1961, Coryne uchidai Stechow, 19??, Phialidium uchidai Kramp, 1961, Manania uchidai (Naumov, 1961), Marsenina uchidai (Habe, 1958), Stylactaria uchidai (Yamada, 1947), Cladonema uchidai Hirai, 1958].

Prof. Gérard Jules Marie Ghislain d´Udekem de Guertechin, (8 June - Louvain) 1824-1864 (10 Dec. - St.-Josse-ten-Noode), Belgian ciliate and oligochaete researcher [Edukemius Holmquist, 1978 (anagram name), Limnodrilus udekemianus Claparède, 1862, Vorticella dudekemi Kahl, 1933].

Dr. Cédric d'Udekem d'Acoz, (24 Oct. - Brussels) 1965-, Belgian crab and shrimp specialist, later working on the taxonomy of the amphipod genus Bathyporeia, living in Braine-Alleud.

Joan M. Uebelacker, 19??-, US polychaetologist [Meredithia uebelackerae Hernández-Alcántara & Solís-Weiss, 2000].

Dr. Hiroshi Ueda, 1950-, Japanese Acartia taxonomist.

Prof. Dr. Masuzô Uéno, 1900-1989, Japanese well-known limnologist and entomologist. His specialty was freshwater zooplankton. Between 1933 and 1973, he published 28 papers that included studies of copepods. Since 1936, he has had 10 copepod species named for him. He was long associated with Kyoto University and was the Director of the Otsu Hydrobiological Station from 1943. His 60th birthday was celebrated in Hydrobiol. 16(1), with a good portrait. [Corophium uenoi Stephensen, 1932, Nitocra uenoi Miura, 1962] (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information). A partial namesake is Dr. Tatsuji Ueno, 19??-, director of Hokkaido Regional Fisheries Research Laboratory, who studied deep water fishes during the 1950s.

Mrs. E.H. Uges, 19??-, the wife of the author of Setia ugesae Verduin, 1988.

Dr. Alberto Ugolini, 1955-, Department of Animal Biology and Genetics «LEO PARDI», Florens, who has published much on sand hoppers (see e.g. his home page), is honoured in the amphipod name Talorchestia ugolinii Bellan-Santini & Ruffo, 1991. (Dr. Gianna Innocenti at the Museo di Storia Naturale dell'Università degli Studi di Firenze, kindly informed about Dr. Ugolini).

Lacking information about Uhler in the amphipod name Orchestia uhleri Shoemaker, 1936, but possibly a tribute to the Johns Hopkins entomologist Philip Reese Uhler, (3 June - Baltimore) 1835-1913 (21 Oct.), a disciple of Agassiz.

Dr. Gotram Uhlig, 1928-2008 (13 Dec. - Unna, Germany), German meiobenthologist (who developed the so called Uhlig technique to separate very small mobile organisms from sand) and plankton researcher, who had been Director of the Biologische Anstalt Helgoland [Eufolliculina uhligi Mulisch & Patterson, 1983]. (Dr. Uhlig's IT-Assistant Helmut D. Prohaska, kindly provided the sad message about the time and place of his death, saying that Uhlig spent the last 20 years of his life in Unna).

The platyhelminth and pelagic tunicate researcher Prof. (at the Univ. of Warshaw from 1885) Vasilij Nikolajevič Ul'janin (or Ul'ianin), (St. Petersburg) 1840-1889, is honoured in the flatworm names Ulianinia Levinsen, 1879 and Convoluta uljanini von Graff, 1904. He had studied in Moscow and came to work mainly in the Black Sea and at the laboratory in Napoli.

Lacking information about Ullsky in the mysid name Paramysis ullskyi (Czerniavsky, 1882).

Ulric in the amphipod name Gammaropsis ulrici Krapp-Schickel & Myers, 1979 : (see Schiecke).

The cephalopod name Pareledone umitakae Taki, 1961 is likely not honouring a person, but one of several research ships named "Umitaka-Maru,". E.g. the The "Umitaka-Maru"-III is a Marine Resource Research & Fishery training vessel owned by the Japanese government and operated by the Tokyo Marine University until June 2000. The ship was built at the Mitsui Shipyard, Tamano, Japan and launched in June 1973. (Dr. Riccardo-Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

The Tampa Bay to Texas gastropod name Graphis underwoodae (Bartsch, 1947) is likely a tribute to Doris Ellen Underwood (née Thomas), 1928-, US malacologist of West Melbourne, Florida.

The fish name Pterygotrigla (Otohime) urashimai Richards, Lato & Last, 2003 is hot honouring a living person, but from Urashima Tarō, a Japanese legend about a fisherman, who rescues a turtle, being rewarded with a very long visit to the Palace of the Dragon, in which Otohime (the goddess of fishes) showed to be identical with the small turtle he had rescued, so also the medusa name Urashimea Kishinouye, 1910 is in honour of the same old mythological figure.

Jaroslaw Urbanski, (3 Sep.) 1909-1981 (13 Aug.), Polish Malacologist.

Prof. Dr. Victoriano Urgorri Carrasco, 1951-, Spanish zoologist at the Departamento de Bioloxía Animal, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain), mainly working on Opisthobranch but also on Solenogastres, Polyplacophora and Monoplacophora [Aplidium urgorrii Vazquez, 1994, Urgorria Garcia-Alvarez & Salvini-Plawen, 2001, Sarsinebalia urgorrii Moreira, Gestoso & Troncoso, 2003, Tedania urgorrii Cristobo, 2002].

Frederick William Urich, 1870-1937, Local naturalist and collector on Trinidad. [Caecorhamdio urichi J.R. Norman, 1926]

Italo Urio, 1914-1983, secretary of Unione Malacologica Italiana [Cerithiopsis urioi Halgass, 1985].

Lacking information about Mr. Tomoe Urita, 18??-19??, decapod researcher fron Japan, in the shrimp names Rhynchocinetes uritai Kubo, 1942 and Crangon uritai Hayashi & Kim, 1999. Urita published about decapods from at least 1921 until at least 1942, but also collected other marine animals, e.g. sponges.

Dr. Maria-Jesús Uriz, 19??-, PhD at Univ. of Barcelona in 1978, is director of the Centro d'Estudis Avançats at Blanes, NE Spain, where she leads a group of young and enthousiastic sponge biologists and ecologists. Her systematic work is concerned with Western Mediterranean and Namibian sponges [Clathria (Microciona) urizae Hooper, 1996, Crosnierita urizae (Macpherson, 1994)]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

Roelof Menno van Urk, 19??-1993, Dutch malacologist [Odostomia (Odostomia) vanurki van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998, Crassispira mennoi de Jong & Coomans, 1988].

Bostrycapulus urraca Collin, 2005 is not an eponym, but named after R/V Urraca, a vessel of Smithsonian Tropical research Institute and Urracá, 14??-1531, (a name from the Taino term for Hurricane) is also the name of a Guaymi chief who fought bravely against the Spanish In Panama. (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Ursabrun in the Cephalopod name Gonatus ursabrunae Jefferts, 1985.

Dr. Erik Asbjørn Ursin, (28 Sep. - Haslev) 1923-, PhD in 1960, Danish zoologist at Charlottenlund, working at Danmarks Fiskeri- og Havundersøgelser between 1948-1986, mainly known for his investigations on juvenile echinoderms in the North Sea area.

d'Urville : (see Dumont d'Urville).

The diatom name Mastogloia urweae Witkowski, Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin, 2000 is dedicated to the authors colleague Prof. Urwe Miller, 19??-, Dep. of Quaternary Geology at the Univ. of Stockholm.

Prof. Dr. Pavel Vladimirovitch Us[c]hakov, (27 June - St. Petersburg) 1903-1992 (25 Feb. - St. Petersburg), Russian polychaetologist [Polaruschakov Pettibone, 1976, Paranaitis uschakovi Eibye-Jacobsen, 1991, Uschakovia Kluge, 1946, Uschakovius Laubier, 1973, Lineus uschakovi Korotkevich, 1977, Oncholaimus ushakovi Filipjev, 1927, Lycodes uschakovi Popov, 1931, Phascolion ushakovi Murina, 1974, Placiphorella uschakovi Jakovleva, 1952, Leucothoe uschakovi Gurjanova, 1951, Lyonsiella uschakovi Gorbunov, 1946, Onchidiopsis uschakovi Derjugin, 1937, Paraleonnates uschakovi Chlebovitsch & Wu, 1962, Neosabellaria uschakovi Kirtley, 1994, Gorgoniapolynoe uschakovi (Britayev, 1981), Polydora uschakovi Buzhinskaja, 1971, Ficopomatus uschakovi (Pillai, 1960), Typosyllis uschakovi (Chlebovitsch, 1959), Lycenchelys uschakovi Andriashev, 1958, Eulalia uschakovi (Kudenov, 1979), Eudorellopsis uschakovi Lomakina, 1955, Serpula uschakovi Kupriyanova, 1999, Bonneviella uschakovi Naumov, 1951, Thuiaria uschakovi Naumov, 1960, Aega uschakovi Kussakin, 1967, Onisimus uschakovi (Gurjanova, 1933), Scoloplos uschakovi Wu, 1962, Moorebdellina uschakovi Epstein, 1974, Carinoma uschakovi Chernyshev, 1999, Protoleodora uschakovi Knight-Jones, 1984, Pavelius uschakovi Kuznetsov & Levenshtejn, 1988, Metopa uschakovi Gurjanova, 1948, Halacarellus uschakovi (Sokolov, 1962), Lugia uschakovi Blake, 1992, Protomystides uschakovi Hartmann-Schröder, 1979, Achelia uschakovi Losina-Losinsky, 1933, Scillaelepas uschakovi Zevina, 1988, Parvamussium uschakovi (Scarlato, 1960)].

Hjalmar Ussing, (13 Mar.) 1874-1965 (29 Dec.), Danish watchmaker from Randers, perhaps more interested in marine and aquatic biology, than in repairing watches.

Lacking information about Mikhail Mikhailovich Ussov / Ussow, 18??-19??, in the acoelan name Haplodiscus ussovi Sabussow, 1896.

The gastropod name Conus ustickei Miller in Usticke, 1959, must be a tribute to a British / US / Virgin Island malacologist Gordon Wright Nowell-Usticke, 1894-1978, who e.g. in 1959 published on mollusks from Virgin Island.

Prof. Dr. Huzio Utinomi (was born as Fujio Hiro and changed name in 1942, when he married), (24 Feb. - Iwakuni, Yamaguti Prefecture) 1910-1979 (19 June), PhD at Kyoto Univ. in 1933, Japanese zoologist at the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, who mainly worked on cirripeds and (octo)corals, but also tried several other animal groups. After retiremen, however, he concentrated on corals. [Utinomia Takeda & Tamura, 1981, Stylochoplana utinomii Kato, 1943, Heteralepas utinomi Newman, 1960, Lamellaria utinomii Iw. Taki, 1972, Solenocera utinomii Kubo, 1951, Ophiolepis utinomii Irimura, 1968, Klyxum utinomii (Verseveldt, 1971), Okenia hiroi Baba, 1938].

William Irvin Utterback, (11 Oct. - a farm 12 miles NW of Crawfordsville, Indiana) 1872-1949 (California, where he lived after retirement together with his daughter), US Malacologist, working mainly on fresh water bivalves.

The gastropod name Uttleya Marwick, 1934 must likely be a tribute to Dr. George Harry Uttley, (Otago, New Zealand) 1879-1960, who has published on New Zealand bryozoans.

Prof. Dr. Shin-ichi Uye, 1950-, Japanese copepod worker, Hiroshima Univ..

Lacking information about Uyi in the cephalopod name Loliolus uyii (Wakiya & Ishikawa, 1921).