Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names. V & W

Dr. Jean Vacelet, 1935-, explored most of the reefs on earth and specialized in underwater caves, where he discovered many curious and novel sponge types. He published an article in Nature on the first carnivorous sponge ever to be found (in 1995) and after this article about Asbestopluma hypogea Norman, 1882, he has been involved if finding several more sponges (usually - as Asbestopluma - in the family Cladorhizidae), which catch and digest e.g. crustaceans. He is employed at the Station Marine d'Endoume at Marseille [Acanthella vaceleti Van Soest & Stentoft, 1988, Stelletta vaceleti Lévi & Lévi, 1983a, Vaceletia Picket, 1982, Vaceletida Reitner, 1992]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Max(ime) Vachon, (4 Jan. - Dijon) 1908-1991 (3 Nov. - Paris), specialist of arachnids, particularly scorpions and pseudoscorpions. Director (1955-77) of the Laboratoire de Zoologie (Arthropodes) of the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. He is honoured in the amphipod name Elasmopus vachoni Mateus & Mateus, 1966 and in the diogenid hermit crab name Calcinus vachoni Forest, 1958. (Dr. Mark Judson, at the MNHN, Paris, kindly provided most of this information and Dr. Alain Crosnier from the same museum added the hermit crab name).

Sunniva Vader (neé Lønning), (27 Aug. - Fana) 1934-1985 (11 July - Tromsø), Norwegian zoophysiologist, is honoured in the amphipod name Bathyporeia sunnivae Bellan-Santini & Vader, 1988, the last author Prof. Dr. Wim (Willem Jan Marinus) Vader, 1937-, being her widower. He is curator of every kind of animals except insects at the Tromsø Museum and a generalist in fauna knowledge, but mainly a specialist on amphipods and has been the instigator and editor of the Amphipod Newsletter from 1970 on. He was born in the Netherlands, married, lived and worked in Bergen, Norway during the 1960s and early 1970s, but the family moved in 1973 to Tromsø, where he has stayed [Wimvadocus Krapp-Schickel & Jarrett, 2000, Epimeria vaderi Coleman, 1998, Metandania wimi Berge, 2001, also a terrestrial gastropod is named for him] (Prof. Vader himself kindly provided some informations).

Vagner : (see N.P. Wagner).

Prof. Martin Hendriksen Vahl, (10 Oct. - Bergen) 1749-1804 (24 Dec. - Copenhagen), Norwegian-Danish Linnean disciple, geographer and botanist, edited i.a. several volums of "Flora Danica" [Lycodes vahlii Reinhardt, 1831, Margarites vahlii Møller, 1842], though Lysianassa vahlii Krøyer, ex Reinhardt MS,1838 and Socarnes vahli (Krøyer, 1838) is named for M. Vahl's son Dr. Jens Lorenz Moestue Vahl, (27 Nov. - København) 1796-1854 (5 Nov.), also he a botanist and pharmacist, who during a stay in Greenland (1828-36), sent several different specimens to Reinhardt.

Dr. Erich Vahlkampf, 18??-19??, Marburg, defending his Inaugural-Dissertation there in 1904, is honoured in the gymnamoeba name Vahlkampfia Chatton & Lalung-Bonnaire, 1912, and Vahlkampfia vahlkampfi Chatton, 1910 (formerly Amoeba limax Vahlkampf, 1905). Vahlkampf was the first person to describe the characteristic mitosis of these animals.

The marine officer Auguste Nicolas Vaillant, (2 July - Paris) 1793-1858 (1 Nov. - Paris), took part in the circumnavigation 1836-37 with "La Bonite".

Prof. Léon Louis Vaillant, (11 Nov.) 1834-1914 (24 Nov.), French naturalist and malacologist, professor at the natural history museum, Paris, who i.a. took part in the expeditions with "Travailleur" (1880, 1881 & 1882) and "Talisman" (1883). He was the son of admiral Auguste Nicolas Vaillant above. [Munidopsis vaillanti (A. Milne-Edwards, 1881), Amphiporus vaillanti Joubin, 1902, Bathophilus vaillanti (Zugmayer, 1911), Solariella vaillanti Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1896, Turbonilla vaillanti Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1896, Solamen vaillanti Issel, 1869, Lophius vaillanti Regan, 1903].

Lacking information about Valder in the cyanophyte name Leptolyngbya valderiana (Gomont, 1892) Anagnostidis & Komárek, 1988.

Valdes : (see Scarabino).

Prof. Achille Valenciennes, (9 Aug. - Paris) 1794-1865 (13 Apr.), French disciple of de Lamarck (q.v.), who occupied the chair of non articulate invertebrates at the Paris Museum during 33 years. He was an all round zoologist, but is most well-known as an ichthyologist [Valenciennea Bleeker, 1868, Valenciennellus Jordan & Evermann in Goode & Bean, 1896, Valenciennius Rousseau, in Démidoff, 1842, Valencinia de Quatrefages, 1846, Acropora valenciennesi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1860), Ophiacantha valenciennesi Lyman, 1879, Glossodoris valenciennesi (Cantraine, 1835), Nemadactylus valenciennesi, Hypselodoris valenciennesi (Cantraine, 1841), Lithuaria valenciennesi d'Hondt, 1984, Montastrea valenciennesi (Milne Edwards & Haime 1848), Symphyllia valenciennesi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849, Valenciennellus Jordan & Evermann in Goode & Bean, 1895, Pachyseris valenciennesi , Oculina valenciennesi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850, Callionymus valenciennei Temminck & Schlegel, 1845].

The cowry name Leporicypraea valentia (Perry, 1811) is in honour of Lord Valentia, who aquired the first specimen. This person is likely identical with George Annesley, Earl of Mountnorris, Viscount Valentia, (2 Nov.) 1769-1844 (23 July), who published about his "Voyages and travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt : in the years 1802, 1803, 1804, 1805, and 1806".

Valentich-Scott : (see Scott).

Lacking information about Valentin (or Valentini) in the fish name Canthigaster valentini (Bleeker, 1853). Possibly a tribute to the German physician and physiologist Prof. Dr. Gabriel Gustav Valentin, (8 July - Breslau) 1810-1883 (24 May - Bern, Switzerland), or perhaps more likely (due to the species' Indian Ocean distribution) honouring the Dutch priest, traveller and malacologist François Valentijn (Valentinyus), (17 Apr. - Dordrecht) 1666-1727 (6 Aug. - The Hague), from 1685 to -94 working in the Moluccas and from 1706 to 1714 in East Java?

Valentina : (see Chernysheva).

Clare A. Valentine, 1964-, at the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) is a spongiologist.

Lacking information about Valentine in the Kiribati (Gilbert Islands) polychaete name Idanthyrsus valentinei Kirtley, 1994, but possibly a tribute to the evolution researcher Prof. Em. James (Jim) W. Valentine, (10 Nov. - Los Angeles) 1926-, Univ. of California?

Lacking information about Valerie? in the European gastropod name Cerithiopsis valeriae Giusti, 1987.

Lacking information about Valero in the gastropod name Odostomia valeroi Bartsch, 1917.

The amphipod name Melita valesi Karaman, 1955 is a tribute to the author's wife Dr. Zora Vales Karaman, (15 Apr. - Buje, Istria (today Croatia)) 1907-1974 (10 Dec. - Ljubljana), an entomologist, who Stanko Karaman (q.v.) married in 1934. Also Niphargus zorae G. Karaman, 1967 (described by her son) is in her honour.

The bivalve name Yoldiella valettei Lamy, 1906 is not honouring Adolf Johann Hubert, Freiherr von La Valette Saint George, (14 Nov. - Schloss Auel) 1831-1910 (29 Nov. - Bonn). Lamy mentions that a M. Valette, Buenos Aires, collected the species, so Luciano Honoratio Valette, (20 Aug. (or 2 Sep.?) - Montevideo) 1880-1957, an Uruguayan zoologist (mainly later working on fisheries), who at age 17 had arrived to Buenos Aires and in 1904 together with i.a. two other persons from Argentina took part in W.C. Bruce's expedition with Scotia to the South Orkneys and is honoured in an avenue name in Buenos Aires, must be the honoured person here. He continued to work in Argentina for the rest of his life.

Barone Raffaello Valiante, 18??-1???, Italian algologist, who published about the cystoseiras of the Gulf of Naples in 1883 [Herponema valiantei (Bornet ex Sauvageau) G. Hamel].

Prof. Alexander K. Valkanov, (10 Nov.) 1904-1972 (4 Oct.), Bulgarian zoologist and protistologist, director of the marine biological station, Varna between 1942-63, professor in Sofia from 1953 [Stenocaris valkanovi Marinov, 1974, Labyrinthula valkanovi J.S. Karling, 1944, Pomoriella valkanovi Golemansky, 1970, Baltoplana valkanovi Ax, 1959, Eurydice valkanovi Bacescu, 1949].

Antonio Valle, 18??-1927? or 1928?, Natural History Museum, Trieste ("conservatore del Museo di Storia Naturale") (who is not identical with Antonio Della Valle of Naples) published on Adriatic crustaceans and fishes and is honoured in several names of marine creatures, e.g. Lophotaspis vallei (Stossich,1899), Amphibdelloides vallei Llewellyn, 1960, Ancyrocotyle vallei (Parona & Perugia, 1895), Encotyllabe vallei Monticelli, 1907, Bothriocephalus vallei Stossich, 1899, Colobomatus vallei Essafi, Cabral & Raibaut, 1984, Amphithalamus vallei Aguayo & Jaume, 1947. There is also an exact namesake, Dr. Antonio Valle, (20 May - Trieste) 1925-1979 (8 Jan. - Bergamo), who was an acarologist and director of the museum in Bergamo and likely related to the first. [Dr. D. Damkaer kindly directed my attention to the fact that A. Valle and A. Della Valle were two different persons].

Mr. Rupert Vallentin, 1859-1934, made several researches on botany and zoology of the Falkland Islands [Sphaerium vallentinianum Melvill & Standen,1904, Staurocladia vallentini (Brown, 1902), Vallentinia Browne, 1902, Cratena vallentini Eliot, 1907]. His father-in-law, Mr. William Wickham Bertrand, 18??-19??, originally from New Zealand, aided authors in field research in the Falklands [Savatieria bertrandi Melvill & Standen, 1904]. In 2002 a stamp with Bertrand's portrait arrived.

Dave Valles, 19??-, research assitant at the University of San Carlos, Cebu, the Philippines. [Vaceuchelus vallesi  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Vallin : (see Wallin).

Prof. Dr. Antonio Vallisnieri de Vallisnera, 1661-1730, Italian physician and naturalist, who had a professorship in Padua.

Richard A. Van Belle, 1920-ca 2005, of Sint-Niklaas, Belgium, is honoured in the polyplacophoran name Ischnochiton vanbellei Kaas, 1985. (Dr. D. Eernisse kindly provided much of the information about Van Belle (summer 2001), e.g.: I think he is a retired officer of the Belgian Air Force. He is another amateur malacologist who has specialized on chitons, publishing in 1983 "The Systematic Classification of the Chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) in Informations de la Soc. Belge de Malacologie. Ser. 11(1-3): 1-78. Also, Kaas and Van Belle (1985-1994) Monograph of Living Chitons. Vols. 1-5. E.J. Brill, Leiden. and many other important studies of living and fossil chitons either by himself or with Piet Kaas, who died several years ago. As far as I know, Van Belle is still alive).

Dr. Adolf (or Dolf) Cornelis Van Bruggen, (9 July) 1929-, who in 1978 worked at the Dept. of Systematic Zoology and Evolutionary Biology, Rijkmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden, is honoured in the gastropod names Cyclostremiscus vanbruggeni de Jong & Coomans, 1988, Cingula bruggeni Verduin, 1984 & Chrysallida vanbruggeni van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996. His main interst has been in tropical terrestrial (often African) gastropods. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided part of this information).

The diatom name Navicula vandamii Schoeman & Archibald, 1987 must likely be a tribute to the Dutch algae researcher Dr, Herman van Dam, 1948?-,

Prof. Dr. Harley Jones Van Cleave, (5 Oct. - Knoxville, Ill.) 1886-1953 (2 Jan. - Urbana, Ill., by cancer), parasitologist (and freshwater malacologist) at the Univ. of Illinois.

The isopod name Hydroniscus vandeli Chardy, 1974 and the prymnesiophycean name Palusphaera vandeli Lecal, 1965 are likely in honour of Prof. Dr. Albert Vandel, (26 Dec. - Besançon) 1894-1980 (11 Oct.), "Membre de l'Académie des Sciences, Professeur à la Faculté des Sciences de Toulouse". Vandel was a renowned biospeleologist.. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Domingos (born as Domenico Agostino) Vandelli, (8 July - Padua) 1735-1816 (27 June - Lissabon), naturalist pioneer of Italian origin in Portugal and a letter friend of Linnaeus.

The ostracod name Cytherella vandenboldi Sissingh, 1972 is la tribute to the micropalaeontologist Prof. Dr. Willem Aaldert van den Bold, (30 Mar. - Amsterdam) 1921-2000 (20 Oct.) (obituary arrived in 2002 in Revue de Micropaleontologie 45(1) : 69-70 ), from the Netherlands (achieved his PhD at the Univ. of Utrecht), from the 1960s working in USA, where he was professor of Geology in Louisiana [Cytheridella boldi Purper, 1974].

Stany Vanderhoydonck, 19??-, Belgian collector specialising in land snails and active in shell clubs all over Europe. [Calliotropis stanyi  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided this information).

van der Land : (see Land).

Chrysallida vanderlindeni Van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 2000 was named for Mr. J. Van der Linden, 19??-, of Den Haag, Dutch fellow malacologist.

Prof. Dr. Cindy Lee Van Dover, (16 May - Red Bank, New Jersey) 1954-, after having been an ALVIN pilot for a few years in the beginning of the 1990s, she worked at the Duke Marine Laboratory, Beaufort, NC, later at the Univ. of Alaska, from 1998 at the College of William & Mary, (PhD in 1989 at WHOI), & from 2006 Professor at Duke (& director of Duke's marine laboratory), is working on hydrotermal vent fauna and has published popular accounts on deep sea biology during the 1990s [Chorocaris vandoverae Martin & Hessler, 1990, Caymanabyssia vandoverae McLean, 1991].

The gastropod name Triphora vanduzeei F. Baker, 1926 is in honour of Mr. Edward Payson Van Duzee, (6 Apr. - New York City) 1861-1940 (2 June - Alameda, California), Curator of Entomology of the California Academy of Sciences "and a member of the Expedition of 1921" .

The diatom name Navicula vaneeii Lange-Bertalot in Witwowski, Lange-Bertalot & Stachura, 1998 must be a tribute to Gert van Ee, 19??-, the Netherlands, International Socity for Diatom research.

Prof. Clément Vaney, 1871?-1955 (29 Dec. - at age 84), published (from 1899 on) on echinoderms, mainly Holothuroidea, together with R. Koehler (q.v.). Like Koehler, he lived in the Lyon area, where he was adj. Professor in Zoology at the University and kept publishing until at least 1937. Vaney also published on Diptera and Eulimidae [Sidonaster vaneyi Koehler, 1909, Heterocucumis vaneyi (Cherbonnier, 1949), possibly Dollfustrema vaneyi (Tseng, 1930); he is also honoured in some non marine names]. (Cédric Audibert, Centre de Conservation et d'Etude des Collections, at the Museum of Lyon, kindly provided the dates).

Dr. Jackie L. Van Goethem, (9 May) 1943-, "Head of Department of Invertebrates, 'Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen' (Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences), Brussels, Belgium". Secretary of Unitas Malacologica. He has mainly published on non-marine molluscs [Meylia vangoethemi Decraemer & Jensen, 1981, Omalogyra vangoethemi Sleurs, 1983, Actaletes vangoethemi Jacquemart, 1980, Bishopina vangoethemi Wouters, 1981, Chiton vangoethemi Leloup, 1981, Brianola vangoethemi Fiers, 1982, Scalptia vangoethemi Verhecken, 1995, Vaceuchelus vangoethemi  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. Rissoina vangoethemorum Sleurs, 1994 is named after Dr. and Mrs. Jackie L. and Lutgarde Van Goethem-Vanderborght and their children Bart and Ruth who collected the species. (G. Poppe kindly provided one of the eponyms).

Andreas Cornelis Joseph Van Goor, 1881-1925, Dutch algologist at the Zoological Station of Den. Helder [Ollicola vangoorii (Conrad) Vørs, 1992].

Dr. Hans van Haren, 19??-1989, member of the former Dutch mollusca working group (but doing most research on zooplankton), is honoured in the gastropod names Granulina vanhareni van Aartsen, Menkhorst & Gittenberger, 1984 and Eulimella vanhareni van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998. A younger exact namesake exists at the Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research.

Jonkheer Drs. Willem Cornelis van Heurn (20 Febr. – the Hague, the Netherlands), 1887-1972 (6 June – de Wilp, the Netherlands), civil engineer and zoologist. He collected animals and plants where he happened to be from his early youth until his death. He made extensive collections not only in the Netherlands, but also in Surinam (1911) and the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) (1912-14 and 1919-39 – including the New Guinea-expedition 1920-21). In the Dutch East Indies he worked among others at the Phytopathological Institute in Buitenzorg (Bogor), the Laboratory for Sea Research in Batavia (Djakarta) and the Netherlands Indies Medical School in Soerabaja. Almost from the beginning he sent part of his collected material to the Rijksmuseum of Natural History in Leiden ("Naturalis"), which institute received also his entire private collection. Between 1910 and 1968 he has published extensively about his travels and collected material. At least 39 taxa have been named after him: Mammalia – 3; Aves – 4; Reptilia – 2; Pisces – 2; Acari – 1; Crustacea – 1; Hymenoptera – 1; Lepidoptera – 4, Coleoptera – 12; Orthoptera – 3; Onychophora – 1; Vermes – 1 and Mollusca – 4. Aquatic taxa among were the fishes Rhombatractus vanheurni Weber & De Beaufort, 1922  and Apogon heurni Weber & De Beaufort, 1929, the crustacean Paratelphusa (Liotelphusa) vanheurni J. Roux, 1927 and the molluscs †Natica (Naticina) heurni Koperberg, 1931 and Solarium perspectivum heurni Bayer, 1940. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv Univ., kindly provided all this information).

The diatom name Plagiogrammopsis vanheurckii (Grunow in Van Heurck) Hasle, von Stosch & Syvertsen is of course honouring the Belgian Prof. Dr. Henri Ferdinand Van Heurck, (28 Aug. - Antwerpen) 1838-1909 (13 Mar. - Antwerpen).

Dr. Thompson H. Van Hyning, 18??-1959?, physician, the founder and from 1914 to -43 the director of the Florida Museum of Natural History, is likely the person honoured in the bivalve names Dinocardium robustum vanhyningi Clench & L.C. Smith, 1944 and Cumingia tellinoides vanhyningi Rehder, 1939 and in the gastropod name Conus jaspideus vanhyningi Rehder, 1944. He was a mollusk enthusiast, who named his children after mollusks.

Professor Dr. Ernst Vanhöffen, (15 Nov. - Wehlau, Ostpreussen) 1858-1918 (14 June - Legitte, Ostpreussen, by pneumonia), German biologist in Kiel and Zoological Museum, Berlin, who during his studies was influenced by Richard von Hertwig (q.v.) and Carl Chun (q.v.). [Oikopleura vanhoeffeni Lohmann, 1896, Klugeflustra vanhoffeni (Kluge, 1914), Planktonemertes vanhoeffeni Brinkmann, 1915-16, Lumbrineris vanhoeffeni Michaelsen, 1898, Atolla vanhoeffeni Russell, 1957, Pterosperma vanhoeffenii (Jørgensen) Ostenfeld, 1899, Rhynchothalestris vanhoeffeni Brady, 1910, Solmaris vanhoeffeni Neppi & Stasny, 1911, Lucernariopsis vanhoeffeni (Browne, 1910), Atorella vanhoeffeni Bigelow, 1909, Leukon vanhoeffeni Zimmer, 1907, Gigantactis vanhoeffeni Brauer, 1902, Campyloderes vanhoeffeni Zelinka, 1913, Vanhoeffenella Rhumbler, 1905, Boreomysis vanhoeffeni Zimmer, 1914, Bunodactis vanhoeffeni Pax F., 1922, Zeuxo vanhoeffeni Sieg, 1980, Ampharetides vanhoeffeni Ehlers, 1913, Staurotheca vanhoeffeni (Peña Cantero, García, Carrascosa & Vervoort, 1994), Schellenbergia vanhoeffeni (Schellenberg 1926), likely Navicula vanhoffenii Gran].

Prof. Dr. Pieter Nicolaas Van Kampen, 1878-1937 (3 July - Leiden), published in 1925 on the Siboga Rhizocephala together with the author of Sacculina vankampeni Boshma, 1931, (who in 1931 succeded Van Kampen as zoology teacher at the Leiden University) but Van Kampen's main interest was perhaps amphibians and reptiles.

Dr. Willard Gibbs Van Name, (New Haven) 1872-1959, U.S. zoologist (PhD at Yale Univ. in 1898); tunicate specialist, who also published on land and fresh water isopods and was also an interested ornithologist. He was curator of marine invertebrates at the American Museum of Natural History, New York, but also interested in field ornithology and devoted to the field of conservation problems and in 1929 he published "A Crisis in Conservation", which caused Rosalie Barrow Edge, (3 Nov.) 1877-1962 (30 Nov.), (a relative of Charles Dickens) to become his helper concerning common activities in the biological conservation movement. Privatly Van Name lived a simple bachelor's life. His large monograph "The North and South American Ascidians" arrived in 1945 in Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 84: 1-476 and in 1954 he published on ascidians from the Lund University Chile expedition [Penaeus vannamei Boone, 1931]. One of his siblings, the chemist Dr. Ralph Gibbs Van Name, (22 Oct. - New Haven) 1877-1961, published in 1906 a book about the scientific works of his and W. G. Van Name's uncle Prof. Dr. Josiah Willard Gibbs, (11 Feb.) 1839-1903 (28 Apr.), mathematical physicist at Yale University, best known for developing the theory of thermodynamics. (Dr. Christopher B. Boyko, AMNH, kindly provided the year of Dr. W. G. Van Name's decease).

Prof. Marco Vannini, (3 Mar. - Florencee) 1943-, is honoured in the polyplacophoran name Callochiton vanninii Ferreira, 1983. He is full professor of Zoology at the Florence University, Firenze (Italy) and a specialist of crustaceans, especially Decapods. He has been the Director of the Zoological Museum La Specola. (Dr. Gianna Innocenti at the Museo di Storia Naturale dell'Università degli Studi di Firenze, kindly informed about prof. Vannini).

Henry D. Van Nostrand, (New York City) 1823-1896 (8 Oct. - Glen Ridge, N.J.), US (Jersey City, N.J.) mercantile businessman and Malacologist.

The Italian / Brazilian oceanographer Dr. Marta Vannucci, (10 May - Florence, Italy) 1921-, active in São Paulo, Brazil during her active time, but has returned to Florence as retired, who i.a. has published on marine plankton larvae and medusae, is honoured in the proseriatan genus name Vannuccia Marcus, 1948 and is likely also the person honoured in the hydroid genus name Vannucia Brinckmann-Voss, 1967.

The hydromedusa Spectacularia vanoppenae Gershwin, 2005 is in honour of the AIMS (Australian Institute of Marine Science) scientist Dr. Madeleine J.H. van Oppen, 19??-, who achieved her PhD at Univ. of Groningen in the Netherlands in 1995.

Petrus ("Piet") Leonardus van Pel, (8 Dec., Egmond aan Zee, the Netherlands) 1931-, former officer in the Dutch Navy. While in the Navy he had the opportunity to collect intensively marine molluscs over the whole world, however especially in New Guinea and the Netherlands Antilles. Since his retirement he works regularly as a volunteer in the Department of Malacology of the Zoological Museum of Amsterdam (ZMA) of which he is an honorary associate. He is in the middle of transferring his extensive private collection (7000 species, more than 12000 lots) to that institute and has been awarded the prestigious "Natura Peperit Scientiam"-medal from the ZMA in May 2006. He is a longtime member of the Dutch Malacological Society and for years he was a corresponding editor of "Hawaiian Shell News" until it was transformed in an electronic-journal. The following names of marine molluscs have been given in his honour: Manzonia pelorum Moolenbeek & Faber, 1987; Alvania peli Moolenbeek & Rolán, 1988; Rissoina vanpeli de Jong & Coomans, 1988 (now Schwartziella vanpeli); Conus peli Moolenbeek, 1996 and Nassarius vanpeli Kool, 2005. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv Univ., kindly provided all this information).

Van Straelen : (see Straelen).

Robert Van Syoic, 19??-, Department of Invertebrate Zoology & Geology, Calif. Acad. of Sciences, San Francisco, found the type material of Cavernularia vansyoici Williams, 2005 close to the Aleutian Islands.

The London (Paternoster Row) book publisher John Van Voorst, 1804-1898, is honoured in the algal genus Vanvoorstia Harvey, who helped the author (and other naturalists) publishing their books.

René Vanwalleghem, 19??-, Belgian conchologist, active in the group of collectors situated in and around Oostende for several decades. Specialised in Thailand mollusca. [Gibbula vanwalleghemi  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (G. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Mr. Joaquin de La Vara, 19??-, of Gibara, Cuba, collected specimens of Latirus varai Bullock, 1970.

The sponge name Mycale varpachowski Schwartschevski, 1905, the mysid name Katamysis warpachowskyi G.O. Sars, 1877 and the amphipod name Chaetogammarus warpachowskyi (G.O. Sars, 1905) must likely be tributes to Nikolai Arkadievich (or Abramovich) Varpakhovskij, (11 Nov. - Kazan province) 1862-1909, who published on fish fauna.

Marcus Terentius Varro, (Reate (today Rieti)) 116-27 B.C. (Rome), (with the additional name Reatinus after his birth place), the most learned person of the Roman golden age, belonging to an old Sabinean family. He had been an officer in Pompeius' troups and was a close friend of Pompeius. His last war duty was in France 49 B.C., when he had to give up for Gaius Iulius Caesar, (12 July) 100-44 (15 Mar.) B.C., who was well aware of Varro's intellectual capacity and put him on a duty to collect literature to a city library for Rome. Varro not only gathered literature, but also had an almost inbelievable capacity to publish himself on almost every kind of items and had evidently read most of the availavle books of his time. He produced ca 74 works in around 620 "books", most of them sorrily lost today. He was well respected among other intellectuals of his time, like Titus Pomponius Atticus, 110 (or 109?)-32 (31 Mar.) B.C., and Pomponius' close friend Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 Jan.) 106-43 (7 Dec.) B.C., and did himself dedicate the last 20 (of 25) books of his De lingua latina (with i.a. etymological explanations) to Cicero and Cicero answered by dedicating his Academica to Varro. They were friends, but not very close, although they shared many views and Varro is sometimes said to have been even more [conservatively] Roman than Cicero. Possibly they were in a way related, because Cicero's wife Terentia, 98 BC.-4 A.C. (sic!, thus around 103 years old when she died), was daughter of a member of the Terentii family and she may have belonged to the same branch of the family, Terentii Varrones, as M.T. Varro, because one of Cicero's cousins was a Varro, so she may have belonged to the same family. (She divorced from Cicero around 47 or 46 B.C., after Cicero's excile). After the murder of Caesar both Cicero and Varro ended up on the proscription lists of Caesars old officer and distant relative Marcus Antonius, 83-31 B.C., but unlike Cicero and most of his family, Varro was saved by friends and was later gaining protection from Octavianus (Augustus), although his books had been burned and his property partly destroyed by Antonius' troups, but Octavianus later restored his property and he could spend the rest of his life in studies and writing. His writing on natural history was a small part of his publishing (which to a great part seems to have been satirical and burlesque), but e.g. Res rusticae in 4 books (written at age 80 for his wife Fundania, who had just purchased an estate, a farm) has been saved and is mainly dealing with agriculture and in book 4 one can read about i.a. fish breeding and bee keeping and the bee parasite Varroa Oudemans, 1904 must be named for him. He warned his comtemporaries to avoid swamps and marshland, because he was convinced that in such areas lived minute organisms, too small to be seen, but unhealthy to breath in, so in a way he preceded modern microbiologists. He had studied under the philologist Lucius Aelius Stilo Praeconinus, ca 154-74 B.C., (as also Cicero did) and later in Athens under the philosopher Antiochos of Ascalon, ca 125 (127-124)-ca 68 (69-67) B.C., (who also had Cicero as his disciple and Cicero admired him much). In his "Nine books of Disciplines" dealing with grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, musical theory, medicine and architecture, Varro preceded Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator, ≈490-583, who later in his influential book "Institutiones" (aimed for teaching of monks) dealt with seven "artes liberales", which he thought that schools should teach beside religion: grammatica, rhetorica, dialectica (i.e. logic), arithmetica, musica, geometria and astronomia, and the first three of these items (called trivia) should be teached to all (hence our word trivial - from these trivial studies) and the last four (called quadrivia) should be teached in advanced studies. Cassiodorus Senator thus omitted Varro's items medicine and architecture, which he likely thought was suited for special students. Varro also somtimes delivered practical advice like Varro's rule of banquets: the number of guests of a succesful feast should not be less than the number of graces (3) and fewer than the number of muses (9), likely something he had learned from own practical experiences. Although perhaps not a primary person in marine biology, he was influential through Gaius Plinius Secundus (q.v.), who often used information from Varro in his Naturalis Historia.

The hydroid name Crypthelia vascomarquesi Zibrowius & Cairns, 1992 must be a tribute to Vasco Monteiro Marques, 19??-, of Lisboa, who has published on octocorals together with Zibrowius and Grasshoff.

Lacking information about Vasina? in the isopod name Eurycope vasinae Malyutina & Kussakin, 1996. The authors does not explain the etymology in the description.

Lacking information about Vassal in the fish name Parophidion vassali Risso, 1810.

Pierre Vasseur, 19??-, Université de Provence (Aix-Marseille I), is honoured in the Madagascar mysid name Anisomysis vasseuri Ledoyer, 1974.

Dr. Stella Vladinirovna Vas(s)ilenko, 19??-, Zoological Institute, St Petersburg, a disciple of Gurjanova (q.v.), studying amphipods (caprellids), euphausids and decapods.

The gastropod name Patella vatheleti Pilsbry, 1891 must be a tribute to Abbé A. Vathelet, 18??-19??, who evidently was an interested malacologist collecting in Asia and East Indies (Martinique) and also is honoured in the name of some terrestrial shelled gastropods.

Prof. Aristocle Vàtova, (Capodistria) 1897-1992, was engaged at the Marine Research Station, Rovinj - dealing with phycology, invertebrate taxonomy and benthic biocoenology - between around 1923-43. He also collected in Eritrea. [Mitrella vatovai Coen, 1933, Psammobia vatovai Coen, 1933, Epizoanthus vatovai Pax & Lochter, 1935, Ceramium vatovai Schiffner].

The polyplacophoran name Leptochiton vaubani Kaas, 1991 and the gastropod names Volutomitra vaubani Cernohorsky, 1982, Conus vaubani Rockel, & Moolenbeek 1995 & Mareleptopoma vaubani Le Renard & Bouchet, 2000 are named for a French research ship, operateing from 1965 until the late 1980s by ORSTOM (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique d'Outre-Mer which has been renamed IRD, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, some years ago). The ship itself was named after Sebastien le Prestre de Vauban, (15 May - Saint-Léger-Vauban) 1633-1707 (30 Mar. - Paris), a French military architect, famous for building fortifications all around France. (Dr. Hans Turner, Casa La Conchiglia, Rovia, Switzerland, kindly added the last species and informed about which person, who is honoured in the ship's name).

Prof. Jean Pierre Étienne Vaucher, (17 Apr. - Genève) 1763-1841 (6 Jan. - Genève), Swiss clergyman and botanist, professor of church history at the university of Geneva, particularly interested in fresh water algae [Vaucheria A.P. de Candolle, 1801].

The gastropod name Nassarius vaucheri Pallary, 1906, is most likely a tribute to the French / Algerian malacologist Henry Vaucher, 18??-19??, because this Vaucher collected, when for several years being based in the Tanger region, in the neigbourhood and on trips, e.g. to the Atlas mountains in 1901, for - among others - Pallary.

Dr. Reginald E. Vaughan, 1895-1987, was a Welsh botanist who lived in Mauritius from 1923, i.a. collecting algae there.

Dr. Thomas Wayland Vaughan, (20 Sep. - Jonesville, Texas) 1870-1952 (16 Jan. - Washington, D.C.), US zoologist/palaeontologist and director of Scripps Institution of Oceanography, who published on e.g. scleractinians, foraminiferans and tintinnids, at least between 1896-1945 [Acropora vaughani Wells, 1954, Concentrotheca vaughani Cairns, 1991, Deltocyathus vaughani Yabe & Eguchi, 1932, Flabellum vaughani Cairns, 1984, Fungia vaughani Boschma, 1923, Porites vaughani Crossland, 1952, Psammocora vaughani Yabe & Sugiyama, 1936, likely Thelepus vaughani Gravier, 1906] (The Director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library, Peter Brueggeman, kindly provided the information about Vaughan's directorship).

Lacking infomation about T.K. Vaught, 19??-, in the muricid name Vaughtia Houart, 1995. Kay Cunningham Vaught, 1916-1995, is an US malacological namesake.

The copepod Monstrilla careli Suárez-Morales & Dias, 2000 is dedicated to Dr. Jan Carel von Vaupel Klein, (5 Apr.) 1945-, Leiden University, "using his first name (Carel) Latinized, for his outstanding contributions to the knowledge of the morphology of marine copepods" [Pontella kleini Mulyadi, 2003]. His daughter Lisette is memorized in the copepod name Euchirella lisettae von Vaupel Klein, 1989 and his wife Pauline is honoured in the copepod name Euchirella paulinae Von Vaupel Klein, 1980. (Dr. von Vaupel Klein himself found this note and kindly provided the date and some other information in Sep. 2005, e.g. that he now is early retired).

The French chemist Prof. Baptiste Nicolas Louis Vauquelin de la Riviére, (16 May - Saint-André-d'Hébertot, Calvados) 1763-1829 (14 Nov. - Saint-André-d'Hébertot), is likely the person honoured in the crab name Pilumnopeus vauquelinii (Auduoin, 1826) and in the gastropod name Mangelia vauquelini Payraudeau, 1826, because he had malacological interests.

Lacking information about Vauris in the Reunion gastropod name Cerithiopsis vaurisi Jay & Drivas, 2002.

Abel Vautier, 1???-1863?, French malacologist, is honoured in the gastropod name Conus vautieri L. C. Kiener, 1849. If he is identical with Abel Félix Vautier, (3 June) 1794.1863 (19 Feb.), Calvados, is unknown to the compiler of this list.

The gastropod name Polinices vavaosi Le Guillou in L. A. Reeve, 1855 is likely not an eponym, but rather probably a toponym, from Vavao, the Solomon Islands.

Prof. Jean Baptiste Marie Albert Vayssière, (8 July) 1854-1942 (13 Jan.), French zoologist, professor at the University of Marseille and director of Laboratoire Marion between 1921-24, particularly interested in opisthobranchs [Conus vayssierei Pallary, 1906, Theta vayssierei Dautzenberg, 1925, Spurilla vayssierei J.C. Garcia & Cervera, 1985, Lanicides vayssierei (Gravier, 1911)]. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided the full name).

The gastropod name Diaphana vedelsbyae Schiøtte, 1989 is likely a tribute to Ms. Annie Vedelsby, 19??-, curator at the Zoological Museum, København, who has published on Greenland.

Bauke van der Veen, 1930-, Dutch malacologist, not related? to his compatriot presenting the van Veen grab in 1933 (identical with the civil engeneer Johan van Veen, (21 Dec. - Uithuizermeeden) 1893-1959 (9 Dec. - Den Haag), well known also for planning the walls against the North Sea in Holland, a plan which was activated first after the great flooding in 1953).

Lacking information about Veil in the copepod name Ectinosoma veili Labbé, 1926

Mr. J. Veitch, 19??-, of Port Lincoln, Victoria, [Brechites veitchi Smith, 1971], collected type series specimens of this bivalve. He may possibly be identical with Jack Veitch, 19??-19??, of Port Lincoln, who once caught the biggest shark ever caught there.

Pseudocyclopina veitkoehlerae Elwers, Arbizu & Fiers, 2001 was named for the cold water diving colleague of the authors, Gritta Veit-Köhler, (24 Nov.) 1967-, Universität Oldenburg, "who collected the specimen in the Potter Cove and kindly placed it at our disposal for this study".

Prof. Dr. Frantiišek Vejdovský (also known as Frantisk Vejdovsému), (24 Oct. - Koufirn) 1849-1939, at the Univ. of Prag, Czechoslovakian zoologist, who published on a broad spectrum of invertebrates. In 1879 he became professor at Charles Univ., Prague, and in 1912-13 he was Rector Magnificus of this University. [Vejdovskya von Graff, 1905].

The Russian diatom worker N.V. Vekhov , 19??-, D.S. Likhachev Russian Research Institute of Cultural and Nature Heritage, Ministry of Culture and Russian Academy of Sciences, is honoured in the diatom name Navicula vekhovii Lange-Bertalot & Genkal, 1999.

The W African fish name Schedophilus velaini (Sauvage, 1879) is likely a tribute to the French geologist, geographer and malacologist Prof. Charles Vélain, (14 May - Château-Thierry, departement Aisne) 1845-1925 (8 June - Paris).

The Easter Island gastropod name Emarginula velascoi Rehder, 1980 is a tribute to Sr. Gerardo Velasco, 19??-, Chilean agronomist, director of the Easter Island office of the Corporacion de Fomento de la Produccion, Chile (CORFO).

Dr. Carmen Camacho Velasquez, (7 Aug.) 1913-1994 (16 Oct.), Ph.D. at Univ. of Philippines in 1957, Philippine fish parasitologist.

The marine gastropod Pusiolina veldhoveni de Jong & Coomans, 1988 is named after the physician and shell collector Dr. Michel van Veldhoven, 19??.

Prof. Juan Vélez Diéguez , 19??-, Universidad Nacional del Callao, Peru (IMARPE), is honoured in the E Pacific skate name Raja velezi Chirichigno Fonseca, 1973. Vélez and the author Prof. Em. Dr. Norma Chirichigno Fonseca, 19??-, Peru (IMARPE), often has published together.

The Western Florida gastropod name Hyalina veliei (Pilsbry, 1896) must be named for its collector (in Boca Ciega Bay) Dr. Jacob W. Velie, (Montgomery County, New York) 1829-19?? (fl. 1870s-1890s, but living in 1909), Rock Island, Illinois (where he had movet to from New York and had a dental practice there), Curator, Chicago Academy of Sciences, who collected different Florida fauna objects. He was an all-round naturalist, but his personal interests were ornithology and malacology and he had i.a. followed W. Stimpson (q.v.) to collect in Florida in 1870. He had graduated from the Geneva Medical College, but practiced dentistry and pharmacy, rather than medicine.

Henry Vendryes, (30 Oct. - Jamaica) 1822-1907 (20 Nov. - Kingston, Jamaica), Jamaican solicitor, musician and Malacologist.

Dr. Leonardus Alphonsus Wilhelmus Cornelis Venmans, 1898-1959, Dutch Malacologist.

Chevalier Jean Baptiste Vérany, (28 Feb. - Nice) 1800-1865 (1 Mar.), French pharmacist, who in 1846 became one of the two founders of a natural history museum in Nice; interested in natural history, especially cephalopods. In Genova he published a catalogue about the marine invertebrates of the area in 1846 and in 1851 he published on Mediterranean cephalopods. He published partly together with his disciple Vogt (see Fritz Müller), and was likely somewhat inspired by his forerunner and colleague Risso (q.v.). [Rhodope veranii Kölliker, 1847, Symbolophorus veranyi (Moreau, 1888), Abralia veranyi (Rüppell, 1844), Chiroteuthis veranyi (de Férussac, 1835), Verania Krohn, 1847].

The Dutch geologist / palaeontologist Rogier Diederik Marius Verbeek, (7 Apr. - Doom) 1845-1926 (9 Apr. - Den Haag), is honoured in the scleractinean name Pattalophyllia verbeeki (Gerth, 1921).

Petrus Verberne (also known as Frère Fredericus), (23 Nov. - Asten, the Netherlands) 1912-1998 (31 May - Cuyk, the Netherlands), was a member of the "Congregation of the Brothers of the Christian Schools" and worked as a teacher in Aruba, the Netherlands Antilles (1937-92). For his educational and social activities on Aruba he was decorated both by the Pope and the Dutch Queen. From about 1962 until 1992 he collected and studied marine molluscs on Aruba. He was especially interested in micro-shells. He published a single, popular article on molluscs, but contributed as co-operator to a book by De Jong & Coomans (1988) on the 'Marine Gastropods from Curaçao, Aruba and Bonaire'. Although he was never a member of the Dutch Malacological Society, he maintained close connections with some of its members, but even more with the Zoological Museum of Amsterdam (ZMA). Shortly after his return to the Netherlands he donated his collection to that Institute. Almost until his sudden death he visited regularly the ZMA in order to work on his collection. So far two marine gastropods from the Caribbean has been named after him: Crassispira verbernei De Jong & Coomans, 1988 and Triphora verbernei Moolenbeek & Faber, 1989 (now transferred to the genus Cheirodonta). (Dr. Henk K. Mienis, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, kindly provided this information).

Sir Dr. Joseph Cooke Verco, (1 Aug. - Fullarton) 1851-1933 (19 July - Adelaide), Australian physician (helped found the Medical School at the Univ. of Adelaide and lectured in medicine there between 1887-1915) and malacologist, who dredged largely in South Australian waters. President of the Royal Society of South Australia between 1903-21. Honorary Curator of Mollusca of the South Australian Museum from 1814 until his death. [Leda verconis Tate, 1891, Vercoia Baker, 1904, Sepia vercoi W. Adam, 1979, Zoila friendii vercoi Schilder, 1930, Acanthochites verconis Torr & Ashby, Chiton verconis Torr & Ashby, Ischnochiton verconis Torr, Verconia verconis Basedow & Hedley, 1905, Tambja verconis Basedow & Hedley, 1905].

The gastropod name Doto verdicioi Ortea & Urgorri, 1978, is likely not in honour of a person's name but geographical - from Verdicio, Asturias, Spain?

Eng. Adriaan Verduin, 1921-1988, Dutch amateur malacologist [Aclis verduini van Aartsen, Menkhorst & Gittenberger 1984, Alvania verduini van Aartsaen, 1983, Odostomia verduini van Aartsen, 1987, Laeviphitus verduini van Aartsen, Bogi & Giusti, 1989, Eulimella verduini van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998].

The gastropod name Cornisepta verenae McLean & Geiger, 1998 is in honour of Prof. Dr. Verena Tunnicliffe, 19??-, Univ. of. Victoria, British Columbia, who collected the species from a sea mount.

André Verhecken, 1943-, malacologist with a special interest in Cancellaridae, at the Malacology Dept., Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels [Zeadmete verheckeni Petit & Harasewych, 2000]. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

Mr. Gordon Carel Verhoef, (11 Aug. - Johannesburg) 1938-, South Africa, provided financial assistance in connection with the detection of Trivia verhoefi Gosliner & Liltved, 1982.

M. Verhoeven, 19??-, member of the former Dutch mollusca working group, is honoured in the gastropod name Odostomia (Odostomia) verhoeveni van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998.

Lacking information about Verity in the bivalve name Protocuspidaria verityi J.A. Allen & R.E. Morgan, 1981.

Lacking data about Theodor Anton Verkrüzen, 18??-1???, German / British professional shell collector, cooperating with especially Dr. Kobelt (q.v.) at the Senckenberg Museum in Schwanheim (Frankfurt am Main), who in 1872 published a short paper about a dredging-excursion to Iceland and in 1871 had dredged in Hardangerfjord, Norway and returned to Norway, where he collected during autumn 1875. He also visited the Fiji Islands and Australia and dredged off New Foundland in 1876 and arrived to Stt John's again in the summer 1880 in order to study the Bank fishery and also the traditional shore and seal fisheries and their catching and curing methods, which he had been interested in after his first visit in 1876, when he came in order to dredge for mollusks and he evidently arrived also a third summer. He kept publishing at least until 1882 [Colus verkruezeni (Kobelt, 1876), Buccinum verkruzeni Kobelt, 1883, Turbonilla verkruezeni. Clessin, S., 1902], (also the slug Geomalacus maculosus Allman, 1843, var. verkruzeni Heynemann, 1873)] .Together with Moritz Anton Verkrüzen (3 June - St. George, Everton, Lancashire) 1838-1???, (his and Martha Abode's son) he had a Designers company in London and they had a patent on painting on velvet, cloth, etc. with gold, silver or other metal paints. A daughter Mary Josephine Verkrüzen (grown up occupation: Merchant) was born in 31:st May 1840, a son Theodor Bernhard Verkrüzen born in 10:th July 1842 (grown up occupation: Draper) and another daughter Martha Eva Verkrüzen born in 12:th May 1844 (grown up occupation: Merchant), another son Heinrich Andreas Verkrüzen born in 10:th Oct. 1846 (grown up occupation: Merchant)). As all these children were born to to the same parents in St. George, Everton, the parents were very likely married to each other and living there, when their children grew up. (Dr. Anders Warén kindly mentioned that T.A. Verkrützen in the foreword of his work from 1872. "Norwegen: seine Fjorde und Naturwunder: eine naturwissenschaftlice Reise unternommen im Sommer 1871" is mentioning that he has lived abroad during 42 years and considering the age of his son, he must have been born before 1825 (perhaps likely around 1820) and that he he lived at least until 1884, but the compiler also having seen references to Verkrüzen 1887, but not later) Verkrüzen seems to have left Britain during the past part of his life and returned to Preussia, evidently living in Schwanheim am Main, just as his younger colleague Dr. Kobelt (q.v.), together with whom, he cooperated during his last active years, did, so Kobelt would have been a very likely person to have written an obituary, but a such thing does not seem to exist.

The red algal name Osmundea verlaquei G. Furnari is in honour of Dr. Marc Verlaque, 19??-, phycologist at the Center of Oceanology, Marseille and CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) Southern France, who achieved his PhD at the Aix-Marseilles Univ. in 1987.

Eatonina vermeuleni Moolenbeek, 1986 was named for Mr. J. Vermeulen, (likely Jaap J. Vermeulen, 1955-, Chairman NMV (Dutch Malacological Society)), who collected specimens [likely Acantholaimus vermeuleni Muthumba & Vincx, 1997]. However, another malacologically interested compatriot and namesake was Frederik Pieter Vermeulen, 1870-1964, who was instrumental in the growth of the IJmuiden fishing port..

Vernberg : (see Winona).

Lacking information about Vernède in the scaphopod name Pictodentalium vernedei (Hanley in Sowerby, 1860).

Johannes Hendrik Vernhout, 1866-1955, Dutch Malacologist.

Vero : (see Alonso Ferreira)

Dr. John Edward Norwood (Charlie) Veron, (16 Feb. - Sydney) 1945-, well-known coral taxonomist at Australian Institute of Marine Science in Townsville, Queensland, is honoured in the coral names Favia veroni Moll & Best, 1984 and Truncatoflabellum veroni Cairns, 1998. He has himself, described around 20% of existing scleractinean species. He is planning to make three resources freely downloadable over internat: Corals of the World - a 3 volume colour compendium of corals, Coral ID - an electronic key to species & Coral Geographic - an electronic global database and maps of species.

The French naturalist and taxidermist Pierre Jules Verreaux, (24 Aug.) 1807-1873 (7 Sep. - England, after having fled Paris in 1870, in the beginning of the Franco-Prussian War), who i.a. worked in South Africa, is honoured in the gastropod name Olivella verreauxii (Duclos, 1857) and was brother of Joseph Alexis Verreaux, 181?-1868 (the youngest of three brothers), who lived in Cape Town. [likely Jasus verreauxi (H. Milne Edwards, 1851) & Culicia verreauxi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849)]. P.J. Verreaux also collected a lot of natural history objects in Australia and Tasmania during the 1840s. Another malacologically interested compatriot, ornithologist and namesake was Jean Baptiste Édouard Verreaux, 1810-1868 (14 Mar.), who was a brother of Jules and Alexis and at the time of his death, the most extensive dealer in specimens in the world. Their father's name (the founder of Maison Édouard Verreaux around 1803) was Jacques Philippe Verreaux and their Mother Josephine was sister of Delalande (see below). P.J. V. already at age between 11 and 12 arrived at Cape of Good Hope in company with his uncle Delalande (q.v. under La Lande), an expedition started in 1818, stayed there in 2 years, after which he returned to France, studying under Cuvier and Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. In 1825 he returned to Cape of Good Hope, where he collected together with i.a. Sir A. Smith (q.v.) and later his brother Édouard arrived and helped him to handle specimens. In 1832 these brothers again were collecting together. In 1837 P.J. V. travelled collecting in Cochin-China and the Philippines. In 1864 P.J.V. succeeded Florent Prévost (who died in 1870) as assistant naturalist at the Paris Museum. (Cédric Audibert, Muséum, CCEC, Lyon, kindly provided some corrections).

A.E. Verrill : (see Bush).

Alpheus Hyatt Verrill, (23 July) 1871-1954 (14 Nov.), US archaeologist, naturalist, malacologist, photographer (inventor of the autochrome process of natural-color photography) and author (wrote 105 books on history and travel). Bearing in mind that his first names is that of an US naturalist (see Hyatt), who a few years before A.H. Verrilll's birth studied for L. Agassiz at Harvard together with i.a. A.E. Verrill (see Bush), he was the son of the latter.

Lacking information about Verrycken in the W African fish name Parablennius verryckeni (Poll, 1959).

The nematode name Acantholaimus verscheldi Muthumba & Vincx, 1997 must be a tribute to Dr. Dominick Verschelde, 19??-, curator of Ghent Univ. Zoology Museum.

The cestodan name Echinocotyle verschureni (Baer, 1959), must likely be a tribute to Dr. Jacques Verschuren, 19??-, Bruxelles, Belgian zoologist, active during the 1950s, later chief biologist in the Park Albert, Congo.

Dr. Jakob Verseveldt, (8 Feb.) 1903-1987 (29 Mar.), Zwolle, The Netherlands, identified many octocorals, which were the hosts for copepods, e.g. Acanthomolgus versveldti (Humes & Ho, 1968). [Verseveldtia Williams 1990, Sinularia verseveldti van Ofwegen, 1996, Protodendron verseveldti Bayer, 1995, Xenia verseveldti Benayahu, 1990, Telestula verseveldti Weinberg, 1990, Alcyonium verseveldti (Benayahu, 1982)].

Prof. Dr. Jan Versluys Junk jr., (1 Sep.) 1873-1939 (21 Jan.), Dutch zoologist who had worked in Giessen, Germany (where he graduated) and Utrech was invited by count Dalmas (q.v.) to take part in the Caribbean expedition with "Chazalie", after wich he took part in the Siboga expedition as assistent at the Amsterdam Univ. to Weber (q.v.) (publishing on the gorgonids of the expedition in 1902), became the first professor of Zoology at Gent University (1916-25), later prof. of Zoology and Palaeontology at the Univ. of Wien (Vienna) (1925-39).

The amphipod name Ampelisca vervecei Bellan-Santini & Kaim-Malka, 1977 is likely not named for a person, but for Vervece, a locality near Sorrento in the Naples area. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Willem Vervoort, (12 June - Schiedam) 1917-2010 (18 Aug.), at the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie in Leiden, Netherlands, is one of our great masters of copepods. However, those who are overwhelmed by his numerous and excellent works in this field are always surprised to hear that his REAL love and work is with hydroids. Dr. Vervoort has 18 species of copepods named after him, e.g. Macrochiron vervoorti Humes & De Maria, 1966, Patagoniaella vervoorti Pallares, 1968, Epicalymma vervoorti Heron, English & Damkaer, 1984 , Ectinosoma vervoorti Soyer, 1972, Esola vervoorti Huys & Lee, 2000, Collocheres vervoorti Humes, 1998, Enhydrosoma vervoorti Fiers, 1987, Mixtocalanus vervoorti (Park 1980), Nothobomolochus vervoorti Avdeev, 1986, Holobomolochus vervoorti R. Cressey, 1983, Scaphocalanus vervoorti Park, 1982, Cotylemyzon vervoorti Stock, 1982 and Euchaeta vervoorti Park, 1978 [the hydrocoral Distichopora vervoorti Cairns & Hoeksema, 1998, the hydroid Eudendrium vervoorti Marques & Migotto, 1998, the hydroid Sertularella vervoorti El Beshbeeshy, 1991, the hydroid Euphysa vervoorti Brinkmann-Voss & Arai, 1998, the hydroid Eudendrium vervoorti Marques & Migotto, 1998, the hydroid Sertularia vervoorti Migotto & Calder, 1998, Oswaldella vervoorti Pena Cantero & Garcia Carrascosa, 1998, the sponge Desmapsamma vervoorti van Soest, 1998, the hydroid Schizotricha vervoorti Pena Cantero, 1998, the hydroid Bougainvillia vervoorti Bouillon, 1995, the hydroid Papilionella vervoorti (El Beshbeeshy 1991), the octocoral Dendronephthya (Roxasia) vervoorti Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1991, the hydroid Thecocarpus myriophyllum vervoorti Stepan'yants, 1979, the octocoral Sinularia vervoorti Verseveldt, 1977]. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly supplied this information and Dr. Bert Hoeksema kindly corrected a description year and pointed out that Zoologische Verhandelingen 323 "Commemorative volume for the 80th bitrhday of Willem Vervoort in 1997" edited by J.C. den Hartog was honouring this researcher and Prof. Vervoort himself kindly helped the compiler of this list with details about Duch naturalist a few years before he died).

Dr. Jan Verwey, (12 May) 1899-1981 (24 Sep.), Dutch zoologist, between 1931-1965 the director of the Zoological Station in Den Helder. This son of the Poet Albert Verwey, 1865-1937, had studied at the Univ. of Leiden and defended a PhD thesis on coccidiosis in birds. [Psittacorhynchus verweyi den Hartog,1968, Acropora (Acropora) verweyi Veron & Wallace, 1984, Platygyra verweyi Wijsman-Best, 1976, Mitra verweyi Knudsen, 1970; type locality: Bali Sea, Indonesia, 200 m, mud bottom; ranges from East Africa to Vietnam and the Philippines, in rather deep water from about 150 to 650 m]. (Dr. Hans Turner, Casa La Conchiglia, Rovia, Switzerland, kindly added the last species).

The gastropod Nannodiella vespuciana (d'Orbigny, 1842)and the bivalve Tellina vespuciana d'Orbigny, 1842 were likely named for the Italian traveller Amerigo Vespucci, (9 Mar. -Florence) 1451 (or 1454?)-1512 (22 Feb. - Sevilla), who's first name became used to name a continent (by the German scholar Martin Waldseemüller, (Wolfenweiler) ca 1470-1520 (16 Mar. - Saint-Dié-des-Vosges)), likely because Vespucci claimed that he reached South America one year before Columbus reached the southern part of the continent on his 3:rd trip, i.e. already in 1497. (Compare also Richard Ameryk / Amerike under John Cabot).

Lacking information about Vespucci in the amphipod name Labriphimedia vespuccii K.H. Barnard, 1931.

The pagurid name Pagurus vetaultae Harvey & McLaughlin, 1991 was named for its collector, Sarah Vetault, 19??-, Tucson, Arizona.

The Davis Strait tunicate name Synoicum vibei Lützen, 1959 is likely in honour of Christian Vibe, (16 Mar.) 1913-1998 (23 June), Danish zoologist, who was very active in Greenland, e.g. moving musk ox calfs freom E to W Greenland.

Vicdan : (see Victor Dan).

vicmanoui : (see Suduiraut for Victor and Manou).

Lacking information about Victor in the isopod name Leptanthura victori Negoescu, 1985.

Victor in Vigtorniella : (see Zaika)

The Andaman Sea gastropod name Conus vicweei Old, 1973 is named for Vic Wee, 19??-, amateur conchologist, possibly identical with V.T.H. Wee, who together with C.F. Lim published on SE Asian Conus in Singapore in 1992. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Crisiliaa vidali Templado & Rolan, 1993 was named for Enrique Vidal, 19??-, a founder of Società Espanola de Malacologia. An older compatriot malacologist and namesake was Lluis Marian Vidal i Carreras, (Barcelona) 1842-1922 (Barcelona), engineer.

Lacking information about Vidal in the amphipod name Neoischyrocerus vidali Ortiz & Lalana, 2002, - likely not honouring the French (at MNHN, Paris) Cardiidae researcher Jacques Vidal, 1926-2006 (22 Sep.) a retired petroleum geologist, who after his retirement in 1984 continued to work on Cardiidae, but possibly Lluis Marian Vidal i Carreras (see above) .

Lacking information about Vidler in the gastropod names Simnia aequalis vidleri (Sowerby, 1881) and Delonovolva aequalis vidleri (Sowerby, 1881), but perhaps likely a tribute to Albert Vidler, 18??-1???, Esq., who collected natural history objects in e.g. South America.

Lacking information about Vidovic in the bryozoan name Amathia vidovici (Heller, 1867).

Lacking information about Vidovich in the diatom name Nitzschia vidovichii Grunov, 1862.

Prof. Dr. José Manuel Viéitez Martín, 19??-, Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, who has published on Iberian benthos, is honoured in the polychaete name Grubeosyllis vieitezi (San Martin, 1984).

Dr. h.c. Karl Heinrich Viets, (11 May - Bremen) 1882-1961 (16 June), researcher from Bremen of water living Acarina (including halacarids) [Rhombognathus karlvietsi Bartsch, 1975].

Prof. Dr. Imm(anuel) Vigeland, 1917-, Kristiansand, Norway. Travelling skilled bryozoologist. He is the youngest son of the painter artist Emanuel Vigeland, 1875-1948, brother of the very well known Gustav Vigeland, 1869-1943, creator of the Vigeland Sculpture Park in Oslo. Imm Vigeland very often spent years travelling the seas and exotic countries, collecting bryozoans and other animals with a small dredge in his luggage, which when not used as a dredge, was used as one of his luggage bags. He also learned to speak exotic languages, e.g. Malay, fluently and became involved in the cryptozoologial searchiing of "Bigfoot". Honouring his name is Ophiothrix vigelandi A.M. Clark, 1968, like e.g. at least one spider species. He had two elder siblings, the sister Maria (1903-1983), who became a painter and the brother Per (1904-1968), who became a glass painter.

The gastropod names Gibberula vignali (Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1896) & Joculator vignali Jay & Drivas, 2002, may possibly be a tribute to the biological illustrator Pierre Victor Louis Vignal, 1855-1925 or more likely to the French malacologist Louis Vignal, 1849-1941,?.

Nicholas Aylward Vigors, (Old Leighlin, County Carlow) 1785-1840 (26 Oct.), politician and the zoologist born in Ireland and educated in England, who first used the ending -idae for families of birds.

Vigtor in Vigtorniella : (see Zaika)

Lacking information about Dr. Camille Viguier, 1850?-19??, at the Station zoologique d'Alger?,in the amphipod name Tethylembos viguieri (Chevreux, 1911) and the copepod name Phyllognathopus viguieri (Maupas, 1892). (The last name is likely a courtesy recompense for the polychaete name Maupasia Viguier, 1886). He was likely a relative of Dr. Louis Guillaume Alexandre Viguier, 1790-1867, French physician, bookseller and and botanist of Montpellier, who is honoured in the the genus Viguiera, Humboldt, Bonpland & Knuth (a Compositeae). C. Viguier became a Docteur Es Sciences Naturelles in Paris in 1879.

The Myxozoan name Leptotheca vikrami Tripathi,1948 is likely not honouring a person's name, but the Vikram University, India.

Lacking information about Vilaevelebit (if over head a person's name and not e.g. having connectoin with the Velebit mountans in Croatia?) in the hydroid name Tiaropsidium vilaevelebiti (Hadzi, 1915).

Curtis Nathaniel Vilas, 1894-1976, and his wife Naomi Agnes Rowe Vilas, 1907-1989, were Florida malacologists.

Lacking information about Vilela in the copepod name Eudactylina vilelai Nunes-Ruivo, 1954.

Who is Vilhelmina in the Greenland isopod name Tole vilhelminae (Stephensen, 1913) collected by the Danish zoologist and geologist Dr. Valdemar Johan Heinrich Nordmann, 1872-1962, in 1909? Nordmann was undertaking a geological investgation, when he found the species in Søndre Strømfjord.

Antonio Villa, 1806-1885, and Giovanni Battista Villa, 1810-1887, Italian (Milano) malacological brothers.

Villalobos : (see Figueroa).

The gastropod name Raphitoma villaria Pusateri & Giannuzzi-Savelli, 2008 is in honour of Alberto Villari, 19??-, amateur conchologist from Messina. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Félix Villeneuve, 19??-, published, as did Simone Villeneuve-Brachon, 19??-, possibly married?, on protoctists during the 1930s and in 1940 and at least he, was still active during the 1960s and 1970s and published also in 1985.

Lacking information about Villepin in the gastropod name Conus villepini Fischer & Bernardi, 1857.

François Charles Alfred Villot, 18??-1???, published in 1875 two works on freeliving and parasitical helminths from the Bretagne (Brittany) coast. He published at least from 1868 on and kept publishing at least until 1891 and was interested also in physics and methaphysics [Odontophora villoti Luc & de Coninck, 1959, Polygordius villoti Perrier,1875].

Calliostoma vilvensi Poppe, 2004 is honouring Claude Vilvens, 19??-, Belgian teacher and conchologist specialised in Trochidae. Active in the Société Belge de Malacologie. [Calliotropis vilvensi  Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006]. (Guido T. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Gérard Vincent, 1824-1899, Belgian Malacologist. A compatriot malacologist and namesake was Émile Gérard Vincent, 1860-1928, possibly his son?

The actinian name Epiactis vincentina Carlgren O., 1939, described from the Scottish "Scotia" Expedition 1902-04 to the Antarctic area is likely not in honour of a person's name, but was found in the Cabo San Vincente (Cape St. Vincent) area. The Gulf catshark Asymbolus vincenti (Zeitz, 1908) (from W Australia) and the Western shovelnose ray Aptychotrema vincentiana (Haacke, 1885) (from W & S Australia) must honour something or someone else, e.g. possibly a tribute to the small S Australian town Port Vincent?

Dr. Decio Vinciguerra, (23 May - Genova) 1856-1934 (5 Oct. - Padua), Italian ichthyologist and physician from Genova, director of the aquarium in Rome. [Vinciguerria Jordan & Evermann in Goode & Bean, 1895].

Prof. Dr. Magda Vincx, 1955-, nematode researcher at the Univ. of Ghent, Belgium, is honoured in the nematode name Ptycholaimellus vincxae Jensen & Nehring, 1992.

Lacking information about Dr. Peter J. Vine, 19??-, who has published on Spirorbiidae and the Red Sea fauna, in the polychaete name Vinearia Knight-Jones, 1984.

The gastropod name Inodrillia vinki de Jong & Coomans, 1988 is likely honouring Dr. Danker L.N. Vink, 19??-, who has worked in the W Atlantic. (His namesake, Dr. Rob (R.J.) Vink, malacologist at The Netherlands Natural History Museum, Rotterdam kindly provided this information).

Dr. Nina Georgievna Vinogradova, (30 May) 1928-1997 (10 Mar.), Russian marine biologist and oceanologist, a student and follower of the academician Lev Alexandrovich Zenkevitch (q.v.), PhD in 1951, working mainly on deep sea biogeography and fauna, particularly on ascidians at the Institute of Oceanology, Moscow [Meroscalpellum vinogradovae (Zevina) Zevina, 1978, Octacnemus vinogradovae Sanamyan & Sanamyan, 1999, Amaroucium vinogradovae Beniaminson 1974 (synonym of Aplidium glabrum (Verrill, 1871)), Corynascidia vinogradovae Sanamyan, 1998, Neoarcturus vinogradovae Kussakin & Vasina, 1997, Pourtalesia vinogradovae Mironov, 1995, Harmothoe vinogradovae Averintsev, 1978, Choanostomellia vinogradovae Murina, 1978]. Her son Dr. Georgyi (Egor) Mikhailovich Vinogradov, 1965-, is also a biological oceanographer, working on amphipods in Moscow at the Severtsov Institute. He has worked on hyperiids, scavenging amphipods and the area of mud volcanoes, etc. He has dived with the bathyscaph rather much, i.a. at the wreck of the submarine Konsomolets at a depth of ca 1000 meters close to the Bear Island. He named the ammphipod species Trischizostoma tanjae G. Vinogradov, 1991 after his wife, Tanya Vinogradova, 1965-, who is a botanist and is working on boreal orchids. His father, Prof. Dr. Mikhail Evgen'evich Vinogradov, (30 May) 1927-2007 (26 May), Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Moscow, published a monograph on hyperoid amphipods together with Volkov and Semenova (English translation in 1996) and also published several essential works on deep sea amphipods together with Birstein (q.v.) [Proscina vinogradovi Shih & Hendrycks, 1996, Neolithodes vinogradovi Macpherson, 1988, Scionella vinogradovi (Uschakov 1955), Calocalanus vinogradovi Shmeleva, 1987, Manningia vinogradovi Makarov, 1978]? A namesake, Prof. Dr. Konstantin Aleksandrovich Vinogradov, 1902-1989, i.a. ichthyologist, worked at the hydrobiological station in Odessa between 1955-71 and another namesake, Prof. Dr. Boris Stepanovich Vinogradov, (25 Mar. - - Vol'sk) 1891-1958 (10 July - Leningrad), was working on mammals (Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided much of this information and Dr. G. Vinogradov himself also kindly provided i.a. his and his wifes dates).

Paul Percy Viosca, Jr., (24 June - New Orleans, LA) 1892-1961 (27 Aug. , by cancer), Louisiana ichthyologist and herpetologist, who i.a. published "Principles of Bullfrog Culture", New Orleans, La., 1931, is likely the person honoured in the penaeid name Solenocera vioscai Burkenroad.

Virchow : (see Sczelkov).

The Swedish admiral and diplomat Christian Adolf Virgin, (5 Sep. - Göteborg) 1797-1870 (8 Feb.), belonging to a Swedish nobility family, who was the captain of Eugenie during the circumnavigation 1851-53, is honoured in the polychaete name Phragmatopoma virgini Kinberg, 1867.

Virginie in the scaphopod name Episiphon virginieae Scarabino, 1995 (and some other names) : (see Heros).

The gastropod name Turbonilla viscainoi Bartsch, 1917 is likely a tribute to Sebastian Vizcaino (sometimes spelled Viscaino), 1548-1643, : (see Vizcaino)

Prof. Pierre Vitiello, 19??-, Marseille, professeure a l'Universitè de Provence, Aix en Provence, France, is honoured in the nematode name Prochaetosoma vitielloi Allen & Noffsinger, 1978 and the copepod name Pontostratiotes vitielloi Dinet, 1978. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Vitjaz / Vityaz in the ophiuroid name Amphiophiura bullata vitjazi Litvinova, 1971, in the ostracod name Paraconchoecia vitjazi (Rudjakov, 1962), in the tanaid name Cryptocope vitjazi Kudinova-Pasternak, 1982, in the bivalve names Spinula vityazi Filatova, 1964, Saturnia vityazi Filatova, 1964 and in the siphonophoran name Frillagalma vityazi Daniel, 1966 must be named from the expedition vessel with this name, meaning "Knight". The ship was initially a dry-cargo vessel "Mars", but was re-equipped into a research vessel and renamed to be the "Vityaz" in honour of the Russian sailing-propeller corvette, commanded by the Russian Admiral Stepan Osipovich Makarov, (8 Jan.) 1849-1904 (13 Apr.), during its circumnavigation, although another propeller driven ship by that name had already earlier been used by Miklucho-Maklaj (q.v.) on his trip to New Guinea.

Lacking information about Vitoria in the holothuroid name Psolus vitoriae Tommasi, 1971.

The calanoid name Calocalanus vivesi Shmeleva, 1979 is named for Prof. Francisco Vives, (Oct. - Mallorca) 1926-, who worked mainly on Mediterranean and Atlantic plankton, particulary Copepodes. For a long time he worked in Barcelona at Instituto de Investigaciones Pesqueras, Pases National, Barcelona-3, then till pension he worked at Instituto Espanol de Oceanograpfia (Muelle Pelaire P.O. Box 291, Palma de Mallorca, Baleares, Spain). He started to work on teleosts, continuing with phytoplankton and later zooplankton [Acartia vivesei Unal & al., 2005]. (Olga Akimova, Head of library of the Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Sevastopol, kindly provided this information and the photo).

The gastropod name Turbonilla vivesi Hertlein & Strong, 1951, may possibly be a tribute to either Dr. Gastón José Vives Gourieux, (San Francisco) 1859-1939, (Mexican of French descent, who at age 3 moved with his parents to La Paz), or perhaps more likely his son Juan Gastón Vives, 18??-19??. The father had in 1893 started a culture of pearl oysters (Pinctada mazatlanica) in La Paz, Mexico, later to a certain degree continied by the son, who became a naturalist.

The harpacticoid name Attheyella (Chappuisiella) vivianii Ebert & Noodt, 1975 is honouring Prof. Carlos Viviani, 19??-, who earlier was stationed at the Instituto de Zoología, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia.

Prof. Domenico Viviani, (29 July - Legnaro) 1772-1840 (15 Feb. - Genua), Prof. of Botany and Mineralogy in Genua, collector of natural history objects.

Vivianne : (see Solís-Weiss).

Lacking information about Vivienne in the gastropod name Claviscala vivienneae E.F. Garcia, 2003.

Lacking information about M.H. Vivier , 19??-, in the harpacticoid name Pontostratiotes vivierae Dinet, 1978. Vivier and the author, Dr. Alain Dinet (q.v.) published together during the 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s.

The gastropod name Odostomia vizcainoana Baker, Hanna & Strong, 1928 is named for Sebastian Vizcaino (sometimes spelled Viscaino), (Extremadura) 1548-1643, Spanish (Basque) citizen, leading a fleet consisting of the ships San Diego and Santo Tomás, and the frigate Tres Reyes, which sailed past Carmel Bay and on December 16, 1602 rounded Punta de los Pinos (Point Pinos) and entered the harbor. They named the harbor after the viceroy of Mexico, Don Gaspár de Zúñiga y Acevedo, Count of Monte Rey, who had dispatched the expedition. They were the first known European explorers to reach Monterey. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information and the portrait).

Who is Vladimir in the Mozambique Channel tanaid name Pseudosphyrapus vladimiri Gutu, 1989? Possibly (but perhaps not very likely), however, a tribute to Vladimir Brǎdescu, (11 Aug. - Bucharest) 1915-2004 (15 July - Bucharest), Romanian geologist and entomologist?

Prof. Dr. Vadim Dimitrovitch Vladykov, (18 Mar. - Kharkov) 1898-1986 (14 Jan.), Ukrainian-Canadian (active in Montréal from 1930) ichthyologist (lamprey specialist).

Prof. Dr. Vladimir Alexeevich Vodjanitsky, (24 Dec. - Poltav province) 1892- 1971 (30 Nov), Sevastopol, zoologist-hydrobiologist, professor (1941), corresponding member of Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (1957), honoured scientist of Ukraine (1968). One of founders of Novorossiysk Biological Station (1921), till 1968 he was a director of Institute of Biology of the southern Seas (former Sevastopol biological station). In 1976 the scientific ship was named in honour of him, "Profesor Vodyanitsky". [trematoda: Skrjabinozoum vodjanitskii Nikolaeva & Paruchin, 1974; copepoda: Oncaea vodjanitskii Shmeleva & Delalo, 1965]. (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Alfred Voeltzkow, (Berlin) 1860-1947, German / Austrian collector of natural objects in East Africa, is honoured in the ciliate name Spinivorticella voeltzkowi (Sondheim, 1929) and in the Tanzanian sponge name Cinachyrella voeltzkowii (Lendenfeld).

Vogt : (see Fritz Müller & Vérany).

Dr. Janet R. Voight, (Davenport, Iowa) 19??-, curator at the Field Museum, Chicago (since 1990 - after a PhD at the Univ. of Arizona that year), Cephalopod specialist, is honoured in the Staurozoan name Lucernaria janetae Collins & Daly, 2005, "in recognition of her commitment to discovering and describing deep-sea invertebrates" [Oligocladus voightae Quiroga, Bolaños & Litvaitis, 2006, Paronesimoides voightae Larsen, 2007, Anatoma janetae Geiger, 2006, Xyloplax janetae Mah, 2006].

Prof. Friedrich Sigmund Voigt, 1781-1850, German palaentologist and botanist, director of the botanical garden in Jena, medical and botanical professor there, who wrote a part in the 1834 edition of Cuvier's "Das Tierreich". A younger namesake was the Hamburg geologist / palaentologist Prof. Dr. Ehrhard Voigt, (28 July - Schönebeck) 1905-2004 (22 Nov. - Hamburg), working on bryozoans - almost until he died.

The German diver and underwater photographer Herwarth Voigtmann, 19??-, is honoured in the reef lobster name Enoplometopus voigtmanni Türkay, 1989.

The cestodan name Echinocotyle vojteki Koubek, 1982, must likely be a tribute to the Czeckoslovakian zoologist Prof. Dr. Jaromír Vojtek, 1925-2009 (Brno), who has published on flatworms and birds. He was professor between 1970-86 and his wife Prof. Dr. Ludmila Vojtkova, 19??-, succeded him as professor in 1986, but both of them left the university after the Velvet Revolution in 1990.

Dr. Emily Hoskins Vokes 1930-, US (LA) paleontologist and malacologist (retired in 1996) [Naquetia vokesae (Houart 1986), Lindapterys vokesae Petuch, 1987, Pteropurpura vokesae Emerson, 1964, Chicoreus vokesae R. Houart, 1986, Ocenebra vokesae W. K. Emerson, 1964]. Siratus vokesorum (E.F. Garcia, 1999) is named for her and her late husband Dr. Harold Ernest Vokes, (27 June) 1908-1998 (16 Sep.), also he a well know US malacologist [Volvarina vokesi de Jong & Coomans, 1988, Aspella vokesiana R. Houart, 1983].

Prof. Dr. Georg Ludwig August Volkens, (13 July - Berlin) 1855-1917 (10 Jan. - Berlin), German botanist, geologist and Malacologist, i.a. collecting in East Africa.

Mr. Jacob (Jacques) Voorwinde, 1909-1982, of Sydney, Australia (but of Dutch origin), honorary member of Dep. of Malacology of Australian Museum, helped the authors of Pisinna voorwindei Ponder & Yoo, 1976 and Eatoniopsis voorwindei Ponder & Yoo, 1980. Voorwinde was originally a Dutch amateur conchologist, but emigrated to Australia in 1950, opening a hairdressing establishment for female citizens and spent his spare time looking for odd Rissoids and other small species [Pronucula voorwindei Bergmans, 1969, Favartia voorwindei Ponder, 1973, Murexiella voorwindei W. F. Ponder, 1972, Miralda (Oscilla) voorwindei (Laseron 1959)].

Prof. Dr. Mikail Stepanovich Voronin (also spelled Woronin), (21 June or July - St. Petersburg) 1838-1903 (20 Feb., by pneumonia), Russian eminent fungal and algal worker.

Dr. Adriana ("Ati") Geertruida Vorstman (20 Aug., Kotaradja, Dutch East Indies), 1895-1963 (31 March, Amsterdam, the Netherlands), zoologist. Her thesis was dealing with fish teeth for which she received the degree of doctor of biology from the University of Amsterdam on 18th May 1922. After her studies she returned to the Dutch East Indies were she became a biology teacher at a high school in Bandung, Java. In her spare time she studied tertiary fish otoliths in the Geological Museum at Bandung. In 1926-28 she was transferred to the Zoological Museum in Buitenzorg (Bogor), but in 1928 she returned to Amsterdam where she started to work at the Zoological Institute of the University specializing in the field of hydrobiology. She published numerous articles, especially dealing with limnology, between 1922 and 1960. Two taxa are named after her: Plumatella vorstmani Toriumi, 1952 (Bryozoa) and Ephydatia fortis vorstmani Gee, 1930 (Porifera). (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv Univ., kindly provided all this information).

Anna Petronella Cornelia de Vos, (14 Jan. - Amsterdam) 1893-1958 (21 Mar. - Loosdrecht), Dutch curator of invertebrates at the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam from 1938, interested in freshwater crustaceans, mainly ostracods. Before her curatorship at the museum, she had worked at Den Helder as assistant to Redeke (q.v.).

Kirill Alexandrovich Voskresensky (Moscow) 1913-1987, zoologist-hydrobiologist, disciple of L. A. Zenkevich (q.v.), one of founders of Belomorskaya biological station of Moscow Uniiversity, teacher of invertebrate zoology chair in Moscow University. The nematode name Daptonema voskresenskii Tchesunov, 1990, is in honour of him. (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided this information).

The bivalve name Fulvia voskuili Healy & Lamprell, 1992 is honouring Ron Voskuil, 1963-, Delft, The Netherlands, interested in e.g. Cardiidae & Brachiopods.

Prof. Dr. Gualtherus Carel Jacob Vosmaer, (29 Aug.) 1854-1916 (23 Sep.), Dutch spongiologist, son of the poet and Rembrandt monographer Carel Vosmaer, (20 Mar.) 1826-1888 (12 June), and descendant of the naturalist Aernout Vosmaer, 1720-1799, the European introducer of the orang-outang, who was a fanatical collector and directed the menagerie and zoological cabinet of Prince William V of Holland. (Pennant (q.v.), who together with P.S. Pallas (q.v.) met A. Vosmaer there in 1765, described him as frenchified and extremely ignorant). Young Vosmaer - after having finished gymnasium school in The Hague - began university studies in Leiden 1873 (biology under C.C. Hoffman (q.v.)), went later to Graz, Austria, and worked under F.E. Schultze (q.v.). In 1880 he achieved his PhD in Leiden on a thesis on sponges. After spending two years as high school teacher in The Hague, he became Anton Dohrn's (q.v.) assistent at the Zoological Station in Naples between 1882-88 and began working on what would later become the famous Bay of Naples monograph (published 1935, many years after his death). He succeded Hoffman at the professorship in Leiden in 1904, but had spent the time before this as assistent and after that lecturer in the Zoology Department of Utrecht University. He published several articles and monographs on sponges from all over the world. He published several essential studies on Arctic sponges collected by the whaling ship "Willem Barents" and was asked to contribute to the influential monographic series "Dr Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Thierreichs". After his sudden death his wife with the help of Maurice Burton (q.v.) posthumously published the two monumental Bay of Naples volumes with the plates&emdash;with many water colours of sponges in their natural state&emdash;as a separate volume. His collections are deposited in the Leiden Museum [Astrella vosmaeri Sollas, 1888, Mycale vosmaeri (Levinsen, 1886), Grantia vosmaeri Dendy, 1892, Oligoceras vosmaeri Lendenfeld, 1889, Psammoclema vosmaeri Poléjaeff, 1884, Synops vosmaeri Sollas, 1886,Vosmaeria Fristedt, 1885, Vosmaeria Lendenfeld, 1885, Vosmaeropsis Dendy, 1892, Asbestopluma vosmaeri (Levinsen, 1886), Pontobdella vosmaeri Apathy, 1888]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided much of this information).

Lacking information about Voss in the Norwegian Sea nematode name Bodonema vossi Jensen, 1991.

Prof. Dr. Gilbert Lincoln Voss, (12 Feb. - Hypoluxo, Florida) 1918-1989 (23 Jan.), U.S. cephalopod researcher at the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences. He was e.g. Chief Scientist during the Pilsbury cruise in the Gulf of Panama [Nanomelon vossi Leal & Rios, 1990, Admete vossi Petit, 1976, Pectindonta gilbertvossi Olsson, 1971, Stiliger vossi Marcus & Marcus, 1960, Vossoteuthis Nesis, 1974, Vossia Alexeyev, 1992, Opisthoteuthis vossi Sanchez & Guerra, 1989, Pickfordiateuthis vossi Brakoniecki, 1996, Uroteuthis vossi (Nesis, 1982), Sepia vossi Khromov, 1996]. Two other U.S. cephalopod writers are related to the him: Nancy A. Voss, 1929-, published from 1962 on and still (2004) at RSMAS, is his widow [Vosseledone Palacio, 1978 is honouring both of them] and Dr. Robert S. Voss, 19??-, (PhD at Univ. of Michigan in 1983; now working on marsupials at AMNH) who co-authored two papers with N.A.Voss from 1962 & 1983, is their son. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided the information about N.A. & R.S. Voss).

The zoologist and entomologist Prof. Dr. Julius Vosseler, 1861-1933 (Hamburg), Director of the Zoological Garden, Hagenbeck in Hamburg from 1909, published on copepods and amphipods (e.g. the Hyperiidea from the German Plankton expedition) [Scina vosseleri Tattersall, 1906]. A street in Hamburg is also named for him.

Votadini in the nematode name Neotonchus votadinii (Warwick, 1971) is not a person's name, but the name of a tribe of Celts living in NE Scotland (today the area around Edinburgh) during the Roman time and older Medieval time. Their land was known as Manaw Goddodin during the older Medieval time and it was later conquered by the Northumbrians. (Tommy Tyrberg, Sweden, kindly informed about the Votadini tribe).

Lacking information about Voy in the Californian gastropod name Antiplanes voyi (Gabb, 1866). Of course the French zoologist André Voy, 1906-, is too young to be the honoured person in this name. C.D. Voy, 18??-1???, Oakland, active i.a. during the 1850s and 1860s, e.g. as a collector of minerals, shells and fossils in the California gold fields, selling his collections in the beginning of the 1870s, may likely be the honoured person in this name.

Ilya Gavrilovich Voznesenski, 1816-1871, preparator of the St Petersburg Zoological Museum, who in 1839-49 collected in Alaska, California and Siberia [Mopalia wosnessenskii A. T. Von Middendorff, 1847, Rhinolithodes wosnessenskii F. Brandt, Idotea wosnesenskii F. Brandt, 1851, Placentron wosnessenskii Schalfeew, 1892, Rhinolithodes wosnessenskii Brandt 1848]. (Don Cunningham kindly provided much of this information).

The cowry name Erronea vredenburgi Schilder, 1927 is a tribute to Ernest Watson Vredenburg, (17 Apr. - Boyonne, N.J.) 1870-1923 (12 Mar.), who in 1927 together with i.a. Cossman (q.v.) posthumously published on Indian fossil molluscs..

Mrs. Paula Vreeland, 19??-, collected the first specimens of Elysia vreelandae Marcus & Marcus, 1970 in Mexico.

Lacking information about Mr. G.J. Vrijmoeth, 19??-, in the octocoral name Sinularia vrijmoethi Verseveldt, 1977.

Charles L. Vriese, 1904-1988, Dutch malacologist.

Dr. Tamara Vucetic, (Sep.) 1925-, Split, is working on zooplankton ecology.

The Jamaican tanaid name Calozodion wadei L.F. Gardiner, 1973, is not a tribute to the Irish palaeo-ichthyologist Robert Thompson Wade, (8 Oct.) 1884-1967 (23 Sep.), who published on fossils from Australia, but likely to Dr. Barry A. Wade, 19??-, educated in Jamaica and USA, who in 1972 published on a soft bottom community in Kingston Harbour, Jamaica, likely now (2010) retired..

Lacking information about Wadd in the Australian blind shark name Brachaelurus waddi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801).

Prof. Dr. Mats Waern, (28 May) 1912-1998 (2 Apr.), Swedish algae researcher. Pioneer of scientific diving in Sweden. He began diving before the SCUBA time and when collecting material for his PhD. His mother had to pump air via a hand pump down a tube to her diving son [Waerniella Kylin, 1947, Tabularia waernii Snoejis in Snoejis & Kuylenstierna, 1991].

Wagenaar Hummelinck : (See Hummelinck).

Prof. Dr. Guido Richard Wagener, (12 Feb. - Berlin) 1822-1896, (10 Feb. - Marburg), Marburg, German physician, anatomist and helminthologist, who also was a large collector of music manuscripts. [Echinophallus wageneri (Monticelli, 1890)].

The amphipod name Stegocephaloides wagini (Gurjanova, 1936) is likely a tribute to Prof. Vladimir L'vovich Vagin or Wagin, 1907-1984, Kazan State, Univ., (who himself - when using English - spelled his name with a W) who at least between 1937-1976 published on Ascothoracida. [Waginella Grygier, 1983]. (Cédric Audibert, Muséum, CCEC, Lyon, kindly provided the dates).

Antoni Józef Wagner, 1860-1928, Polish Malacologist, working mainly on terrestrial gastropods.

Elsa Wagner, 19??-, the wife of the author (the Dutch H.P.. Wagner, 19??-,) of Chlamys elsae Wagner, 1988. He had another Dutch malacological namesake, Dr. W.M. Wagner, 1926-1991. (The Dutch malacologist Gijs Kronenberg kindly provided the information regarding which Wagner who was the author of this name).

János Wagner, 1906-1948, Hungarian Malacologist.

Prof. Moritz Friedrich Wagner, (3 Oct. - Bayreuth) 1813&endash;1887 (31 May - München, by suicide), German botanist and zoologist, who originally was a merchant in Marseille, but abandoned this and started collecting trips, initially in Algeria, publishing about this in 1841. After a few years of study in Göttingen of natural sciences, he traveled in the countries around the Black Sea, publishing about this in the end of the 1840s and beginning of the 1850s. Later he collected botany in North and Central America in 1853&endash;1854 and in Panama and Ecuador in 1857&endash;1860. In 1862 he became a honorary professor of geography and ethnography at the Univ. of München. He was a younger brother of Rudolf Wagner (see Leuckart).

Prof. Nicolaus (Nicolai Petrivitsch or Nicolai Petrovich) Wagner (or perhaps more correct Vagner), 1829-1907, Russian zoologist in St Petersburg, originally working in Kazan, who in 1885 published "Die Wirbellosen des Weissen Meeres" in Leipzig about invertebrates collected during summer months in the White Sea area between 1877-82. (See also Kessler). Wagner left the university in 1894 and began publishing several literary works, like "The Fairy-tales of the Kitty Cat" and was interested in spiritualism. His most well-known disciple was Mereschkowski (q.v.). [Wagnerella Mereschkowski, 1878].

Wagner, Rudolf : (see Leuckart).

Prof. Dr. Bruno Wahl, (12 Dec. Salzburg) 1876-1971 (19 Mar. - Salzburg), who in 1899 had published on entomology in Wien (Vienna), published on dalyellids and umagillids in Jena in 1910 [Wahlia Westblad, 1930 and Collastoma wahli Ponce de Leon & Mane-Garzon, 1980].

Paranaitis wahlbergi (Malmgren, 1865) is described from Spitsbergen, probably from Wahlbergöya, named for P.P. Wahlberg, possibly an error for the botanist Prof. Dr. Peter Fredrik Wahlberg, (19 June - Lackarebäck, outside Göteborg) 1800-1877 (22 May - Stockholm), (because a P.P. Wahlberg can not be found in connection with Svalbard or Scandinavia) or possibly (but less likely) the name of this worm is honouring the memory of P.F.:s brother, engineer Johan August Wahlberg, (9 Oct.) 1810-1856 (6 Mar. - Lake Ngami, Bechuanaland), collector for the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, who was killed by a wounded game during elephant hunting [Nucella wahlbergi C. F. Krauss, 1848, Comanthus wahlbergi (J. Müller), possibly Cryptophallus wahlbergi Bock, 1913]. J.A.W. is honoured in several bird and mammal names and in a tree name.

Dr. Ragnar Wahrberg, 1889-1930, Swedish specialist on isopods, upper secondary school teacher (läroverksadjunkt), connected with the bottom fauna surveys in the Kattegatt and the Skagerrak initiated by Jägerskiöld (q.v. - see also Oldevig and Alander) [Wahrbergia Verhoeff, 1926, Mugga wahrbergi Eliason, 1955].

The protoctist writer George Herbert Wailes, 1862-1945, F.L.S. (in 1911), honoured in the bacillariophycean name Coscinodiscus wailesii Gran & Angst, 1931, the polychaete name Eunereis wailesi Berkeley & Berkeley, 1954 and in the amoeba names Wailesella and Pseudocorythion wailesi Golemansky, 1971 published on Protozoa (e.g. Tintinnidae) from British Columbia in 1932, so possibly Canadian, but he had earlier published on British fresh water Rhizopoda and Heliozoa for the Ray Society, so more probably originally from the British Isles.

The asteroid name Acodontaster waitei (Koehler, 1920), is likely a tribute to the English-born ichthyologist Edgar Ravenswood Waite, (5 May - Leeds, Yorkshire) 1866-1928 (19 Jan. - Hobart, Tasmania), may be the honoured person. He worked from 1893 in Australia (curator of fishes in the Sydney Museum until 1906), the Canterbury Museum, New Zealand for eight years and later director of the South Australia Museum [likely the E Indian Ocean skate name Irolita waitii (McCulloch, 1911), Anchistylis waitei Hale, 1929].

The diatom name Dickieia wajdae Witkowski, Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin, 2000 is dedicated "to our colleague Mrs. Wieslawa Wajda," 19??-, "marine geologist in Fairbanks, Alaska".

Dr. Johann(es) Julius Walbaum, (30 June - Wolfenbüttel) 1724-1799 (21 Aug. - Lübeck), German physician and naturalist (owner of a cabinet of natural objects in Lübeck, where he worked; the cabinet was destroyed during WW II), describing several unknown species from remote parts of the globe (such as Sphyraena barracuda, etc.).

Henrietta H.T. Walcott, 1825-1903, US Malacologist.

Lacking information about Waldeck in the amphipod name Waldeckia Chevreux, 1906.

Prof. Dr. Johann Gotthelf Friedrich Fischer de Waldheim, (13 Oct. - Waldheim, Saxony) 1771-1853 (18 Oct. - Moscow), paleontologist of German origin active in Moscow (where he achieved a professorship in natural history in 1804 after medical studies in Leipzig and then natural history studies in Wien and Paris, to which cilies he had traveled in company with his friend von Humboldt (q.v.)) and studied e.g. palaeontology for Cuvier (q.v.), invited to Russia from Mainz, where he worked as a techer in natural history and as a librarian), i.a. on Foraminifera and Brachiopoda [Waldheimia King, 1850, non Brullé, 1846].

Mr. Alfred Osten Walker, 1832-1925 (another year of decease - 1936 - given by the National Archives of U.K. for this "meteorologist" is likely an error), F.L.S., worked in the Liverpool area, collecting crustaceans (isopods, amphipods, etc.), inspired by i.a. Norman (q.v.), publishing at least between 1898-1916]. He lived in Chester, then Colwyn Bay (N Wales) before retiring to Maidstone (Kent) with his wife, but becoming a widower in Apr. 1917. He was an industrialist who had an amateur interest in marine natural history. He was responsible, with W.A.Herdman (q.v.) and others of the LMBC, for establishing the Marine Biological Laboratory at Port Erin in 1892 on the Isle of Man (subsequently taken over by the University of Liverpool, but closed down in 2006). There are several peracarids named after him, mostly amphipods [Oradarea walkeri Shoemaker, 1930, Syrrhoites walkeri Bonnier, 1896, Halicoides walkeri (Ledoyer, 1973), Antatelson walkeri (Chilton, 1912), Cheiriphotis walkeri Stebbing, 1918, Epimeriella walkeri K.H.Barnard, 1930,, Metopoides walkeri Chevreux, 1906, Paramoera walkeri (Stebbing, 1906), Podocerus walkeri Rabindranath, 1972.Also the cumacean Ekleptostylis walkeri (Calman, 1907) and an isopod Sphaeroma walkeri Stebbing, 1905 (Indo-Pacific, but one of the most ship transported isopods in the world) were named for him]. Mr. Walker, 18??-1???, of Exeter, often referred to by Bate & Westwood during the 1860s as a collector, is not identical with A.O. Walker. (Prof. Geoff Walker at the Millport Station, Isle of Cumbrae, is (2003) preparing a biography of A.O. Walker and kindly provided much of the information above).

Prof. Dr. Boyd Wallace Walker, (26 May - Manhattan, Kansas) 1917-2001 (19 Sep.), of the University of California, Los Angeles. PhD at Scripps in 1949, as a disciple of Carl Hubbs (q.v.). Retired in 1980 [Olivella walkeri Berry, 1958, Knefastia walkeri Berry, 1958, Epitonium walkerianum Hertlein & Strong, 1951].

Bryant Walker, (3 July - Detroit, Michigan) 1856-1936 (26 May - Detroit), US lawyer and Malacologist, specialized in terrestrial and limnic species.

The hagfish name Paramyxine walkeri (Charmion, McMillan & Wisner, 2004), was named for Dr. H.J. Walker Jr., 1950-, a senior museum scientist at Scripps Institution of Oceanography Marine Vertebrates Collection. (Peter Brueggeman, Director of Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library, kindly provided this information).

The Rev. Prof. Dr. John Walker, (Canongate, Edinburgh) 1731-1803, MD and DD (Doctor of Divinity) in 1765, professor of natural history at the University of Edinburgh and minister of the parish of Moffat, who in 1812 posthumously published "Essays in Natural History", Edinburgh [Walkeria Fleming, 1823, likely Erronea walkeri (Sowerby, 1832) , which was based on "Mr. Walker's collection"].

Liotia walkeri Sowerby, 1908, Urosalpinx walkeri Sowerby, 1908 and Latirus walkeri Melvill, 1895 were named for Mr. J.J. Walker, who dredged specimens. This may likely have been Commander James John Walker, (16 May - Sheerness) 1851-1939 (12 Jan.), F.L.S., U.K. marine engineer, entomologist and malacologist, living in Summertown, Oxford after retirement and had collected much, especially entomology on land during his many cruises with the Royal Navy.

Ray Walker, 19??-, in the gastropod name Dermomurex raywalkeri R. Houart, 1986 is an Australian shell collector and dealer, owner of "AMORA SHELLS", 4 Jennifer Way, Rossmoyne 6155, Western Australia. He has collected all type specimens of this species off Pinneroe Point just north of Perth in 10 m depth of water under rock on limestone reef, Feb. 1984. (Dr. Hans Turner, Casa La Conchiglia, Rovia, Switzerland, kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Walker in the Philippine gastropod name Lataxiena walkeri G. B. Sowerby III, 1908. Possibly this person may be the archaeologist and geologist Robert Bruce Napoleon Walker, 1832-1901, F.R.G.S., F.A.S., F.G.S., C.M.Z.S., West African trader, colonial servant, explorer and collector of zoological specimens, but more likely a tribute to J.J. Walker (above)?

The coral name Acropora wallacea Veron, 1990 must be a tribute to Dr. Carden C. Wallace, 194?-, Museum of Tropical Queensland, Townsville. She was one of the scleractinean workers, who in 1984 detected the unique mass annual (synchronized) spawning among the Great Barrier Reef coral species.

The South African gastropod name Nipponaphera wallacei Petit & Harasewych, 2000 is not a tribute to the well-known British collector, zoogeographer and evolutionist Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace, (8 Jan. - Usk) 1823-1913 (7 Nov. - Broadstone), who travelled much in Brazil and the Malayan archipelago, but to Mr. Martin Wallace, 19??-, who collected the type specimens.

The South African Ichthyologist Dr. John H. Wallace, 19??-, after some years as ichthyologist at J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, later director of Port Elizabeth Museum until retiremant, is honoured in the SE Atlantic & W Indian Ocean Yellow spotted skate name Leucoraja wallacei (Hulley, 1970).

Prof. Dr. Hans Thure Sigurd Wallengren, (24 Nov. - Trolle-Ljungby) 1864-1938, PhD (on ciliates) at the Univ. of Lund, Sweden in 1897 [Lagenophrys wallengreni Abonyi, 1928]. He had published in orhithology in 1893, likely inspired by his father Hans Daniel Johan Wallengren, (8 June - Lund) 1823-94 (25 Oct. - Farhulty, Höganäs), who had studied zoology under Sven Nilsson (q.v.) and published valuable works about birds and gastropods, but during his time as clergyman, the interest of Wallengren Sr. became focused on entomology and he published much in this field, especially regarding lepidoptera and neuroptera. Hans Wallengren, however, turned to the ciliates, probably inspired by his mentor, Prof. Quennerstedt (q.v.), but after having published 4 thick volumes (between 1894-1900) on these organisms, also he turned to i.a. entomology, but had a broad biological interest. He served as professor of Zoology in Lund between 1908-29, bot served alsa as a liberal politician. His cousin Sven Axel Olaus Wallengren, (26 Jan. - Lund) 1865-1896 (4 Dec. - Berlin), born Svensson, but used later his mother's family name, was during his young years very interested in botany, but became a well-known Swedish author, who used the pseudonym "Falstaff, fakir", technically reminding somewhat of the contemporary US author Samuel Langhorne Clemens, (30 Nov. - Florida, Missouri) 1835-1910 (21 Apr. - Stormfield), alias "Mark Twain", but with own characteristics, such as the uninhibited fantasy, the cynical stringens, the scepticism and the proud Bohemian superman attitude towards life.

Edward Waller, 1803-1873 (14 Feb.), Irish land owner (and also owner of a yacht used for i.a. dredgings) of Lissenderry, near Aughnacloy, Co. Tyrone (his summer home), but working as a barrister and living in Finnoe House, Borrisokane, the county Tipperary and thus the eldest brother of John Francis Waller, (Limerick) 1810-1894 (19 Jan.), the Irish poet and. i.a. composer of "The spinning wheel", who were sons of Thomas Maunsell Waller, ca 1773-1843 (20 Nov.) and Margaret Vereker, ca 1782-18??, (who had married in 1802), of Finnoe House; dredging and shell collecting colleague of Jeffreys (q.v.) and Johnston (q.v.), also interested in foraminiferans and wrote some reports on them in 1867-68 [Aclis walleri Jeffreys, 1867]. A partial namesake was the friend of Dr. Livingstone, the Rev. Horace Waller, 1833-1896, who also visited Africa in 1861-64.

Lacking information about Waller in the Philippine gastropod name Siphonofusus walleri H.S. Ladd, 1976. An US malacologist, Thomas Richard Waller, 1937-, California Academy of Sciences, may however likely be the honoured person.

Prof. Dr. Boyd Wallace Walker, (26 May - Manhattan, Kansas) 1917-2001 (19 Sep.), US ichthyologist. A disciple of Hubbs (q.v.), working at UCLA.

Dr. George Charles Wallich, (Nov. - Calcutta) 1815-1899 (31 Mar. - Nottingham Place, Marylebone), MD at the Univ. of Edinburgh in 1836, British physician and biological oceanographer, born in Calcutta, where his father, the Danish physician and botanist Dr. Nathaniel Wallich (original name: N. Adam Wolff), (28 Jan. - København) 1786-1854 (28 Apr. - London), acted as superintendent of the Botanical Garden. He was educated in Aberdeen and Edinburgh (MD in 1836), but returned to India and served as a military surgeon until 1847, when he returned with his family to Britain. During this trip and during a visit to England 1850 G.C. Wallich had collected and made sketches of marine animals and was recommended by T.H. Huxley (q.v.) and the geologist Sir Roderick Impey Murchison, (22 Feb.) 1792-1871 (22 Oct.), as naturalist on board the cruise of H.M.S. Bulldog in 1860. Wallich's controversies with some of his compatriotic marine biologists, particularly Wyville Thomson (q.v.), W.B. Carpenter (q.v.) and John Murray (q.v.), regarding recognition of his findings of deep sea life were for a long time well-known. Wallich used the nicknames Fur and Weevil for Carpenter and Wyville Thomson, likely a play on the latin word for villan or thief in the first case and in the second case on the name Wyville [Alectona wallichii (Carter, 1874)].

The ophiuroid Ophiurolepis wallini Mortensen, 1925 and the hydroid Hydractinia vallini Jäderholm, 1926 were named for Dr. Sten Axel Vallin (or Wallin), (16 Jan. - Karlskrona) 1891-1977? (An "in memory of Sten Vallin" was published in 1977). Mortensen writes that this young Swedish zoologist during a whaling trip to the Antarctic Seas in February - April 1924 had the opportunity of making a few dredgings in the Ross Sea and at Stewart Island, securing i.a. some new echinoderms. Vallin later became a (fresh water) fisheries biologist, working on plankton, pollution , etc. The copepod name Ortopsyllys wallini Lang, 1934 is likely named for the same person.

John Wallis, 1714-1793, British antiquary and natural historian (mainly malacologist). A namesake is Gustaf Wallis, 1830&endash;1878, professional botany collector (from Hannover) in Ecuador from 1865-68 and later during hist last year in life.

The Tuamotu hermit crab name Paragiopagurus wallisi (Lemaitre, 1994) is likely not directly honouríng a person's name, but perhaps the Wallis Island, The male ending of the species name makes it unlikely to honour e.g. Dr. Elycia Wallis, 19??-, Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia.

Dr. Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wallroth, (13 Mar. - Breitensten) 1792-1857 (22 Mar. - Nordhausen), German physician and botanist [Chara wallrothii].

Lacking information about Walsh in the gastropod name Crepidula walshi (A.N. Hermannsen in Reeve, 1859), but possibly a tribute to Benjamin Dann Walsh, (21 Sep. - Frome, Worcestershire) 1808-1869 (13 Nov. - Rock Island, Illinois), US entomologist, who had been a class-mate of C. Darwin in Cambridge and supported his ideas.

The sponge name Walteria F.E. von Schulze, 1886, the lucernarian name Lucernaria walteri (Antipa, 1891) and the actinian name Actinostola walteri Kwietniewski C.R., 1898 must be in honour of Dr. Alfred Walter, (26 June - Wolmar, Livland (German name f. Valmiera, Latvia)) 1860-1890 (14 Feb. - Jena, "nach langer Krankheit"), who together with W. Kükenthal (q.v.) took part in an expedition to E Spitsbergen (Der Bremer Expedition nach Ost-Spitzbergen Performed with the ship Berentine, which was crushed by ice 11 June 1889 after having run aground among the Kong Ludvigøyane, but the crew was saved four days later by the whale ship Cecilie Maline from Tromsø) in 1889, who collected the following species: Dermatobranchus walteri (Krause, 1892). (Jussi Evertsen, Trondheim, kindly informed about Walter).

Robert Lawrence Walton, 1875-1893, US Malacologist.

Carl Frederik Wandel, (15 Aug. - København) 1843-1930 (21 Apr. - København), Danish sea officer, hydrographer and research traveller, vice admiral in 1905. Took part as captain in the Danish Ingolf Expedition to Greenland in 1895-96. From 1895 until his decease he was president in the Commission for geographical and geological research in Greenland and between 1914-27 president of the Royal Danish Geographical Society [Pourtalesia wandeli Mortensen, 1905, Ceratocaulon wandeli Jungersen, 1892, Wandelia Chevreux, 1906, likely Obrimoposthia wandeli (Hallez, 1906), likely Styela wandeli (Sluiter, 1911)]. Also the Wandel Sea, between the northeastern part of Greenland and Svalbard, also named McKinley Sea, is named for him.

The Chinese researcher Wang Chia-Chi (or Jiaji), 1???- 19?? (still active during 1943), who published on ciliates (especially from the Amoy area) during the 1920s and the 1930s (at least until 1940), is honoured in the ciliate names Vaginicola wangi Kahl, 1935 and Wangiella Nie Dashu, 1934.

K. Wanningen, 1???-1955, Dutch Malacologist.

Prof. Dr. Henry Baldwin Ward, (4 Mar. - Troy, N.Y.) 1865-1945 (30 Nov. - Urbana, Ill., from a heart atteck), US parasitologist, from 1892-1909 at the Univ. of Nebrasca, later - until he retired - at the Univ. of Illinois, founder of Journal of parasitology. [Wardia Kudo, 1919, Wardula Poche, 1926, Lomasoma wardi (Manter, 1934), Wardium Mayhew, 1925].

Prof. Dr. Henry Augustus Ward, (9 Mar. - Rochester, New York) 1834-1906 (4 July - Buffalo, New York (was struck by an automobile)), of Rochester, New York a student of conchology, palaeontologist and collector of meteorites [Ocenebra wardiana Baker, 1891, Astralium wardii Baker, 1891].

Charles Melbourne Ward, (6 Oct. - Melbourne) 1903-1966 (6 Oct. - Medlow Bath, because of a a coronary occlusion caused by diabetes mellitus), Australian crab collector / researcher and malacologist. He was the son of a theatrical entrepreneur, starting his career as an acrobatic dancer and also as a jazz musician, playiing the saxophone and the clarinet, but beeing interested in crabs from his childhood, he - at age 24 - left the scene and started as a hobby carcinologist and in 1933 he and his wife moved to Lindeman Island on the Great Barrier Reef, where he founded an own laboratory (and tourist museum). [Cribrarula cribraria melwardi (Iredale, 1930), likely Notobryon wardi Odhner, 1936, Trapezia wardi Serène, 1971].

Dr. Anders Herman Warén, (Apr.) 1945-, grown up in the town Skara, Sweden and achieved his PhD at the Univ. of Göteborg, Sweden. Very competent mollusc taxonomist and 1:st curator of Invertebrate Zoology at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm. His interest in shelled molluscs arrived already during his early teens, when he spent summer periods in northern Bohuslän - at relatives of his mother - where many different kinds of shells could be found in shelly sand in many places. In 1967 (the summer before he studied zoology at the University of Göteborg) he stayed at the Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory for the first time, and has after that been a regular guest here, at least before he moved to Stockholm. In the beginning of the 1970s also the Marine Biological Station at Espegrend outside Bergen, Norway, was a very essential place, where he could find several new taxa. With his friend Bouchet (q.v.) he has made many expeditions in the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, etc. and during the last decades they have taken part in several Pacific expeditions. [Liostomia wareni Schander, 1994, Skenella wareni Ponder & Worsfold, 1994, Bichoristes wareni McLean, 1992, Dermomurex (Takia) wareni Houart, 1990, Orbitestella wareni Ponder, 1990, Seguenzia wareni B.A. Marshall, 1991, Alvania wareni (Templado & Rolan, 1986), Vitreolina wareni Rehder, 1980, Parvioris anderswareni van Aartsen & Giannuzzi-Savelli, 1991, Dacrydium wareni Salas & Gofas, 1997, Sticteulima wareni Engl, 1997, Phymorhynchus wareni Sysoev & Kantor, 1995, Mangelia wareni Piani, 1980, Gargamella wareni Valdés & Gosliner, 2001, Hydroginella wareni Boyer, Wakefield & McCleery, 2003, Micropilina wareni Marshall, 2006, Solariella wareni Landau, Marquet & Grigis, 2003, Pragoscutula wareni Fry'da, 1998, Fusinus (Chryseofusus) wareni Hadorn & Fraussen, 2003, Turcica wareni Kaim, 2004, Yoldiella wareni La Perna, 2004, Bruceiella wareni Okutani, Hashimoto & Sasaki, 2004, Stuoraxis wareni Kaim 2004, Skenea wareni Kiel, 2001, Opalia wareni Garcia , 2004, Polyschides wareni Scarabino , 2008, Xylodiscula wareni Bogi & Bartolini, 2008, Hoenselaaria wareni Moolenbeek, 2009, Micropilina wareni B.A. Marshall, 2006, Mitra wareni Poppe, Tagaro & Salisbury, 2009, Turritella wareni Ryall & Vos, 2010].

Prof. Dr. Johannes Eugenius Bülow Warming, (3 Nov.) 1841-1924 (2 Apr.), Danish botanist, who worked on interaction of plants with their surroundings and thereby founded the discipline of plant ecology , is likely honoured in the fish name Ceratoscopelus warmingii (Lütken, 1892) [Merismopedia warmingiana Lagerh.].

N.A. Warpachowsky (sometimes spelled Warpachowski) : see spelling Varpakhovskij.

Dr. Alan Warren, 1954-, ciliatologist at the Natural History Museum, London, is honoured in the ciliate name Holosticha warreni Song & Wilbert, 1997.

Amelia (Amy) Elizabeth Mary Warren, around 1840-1932, Irish naturalist, born in Cork, living in Moy View, Ballina, county Sligo [Ondina warreni W. Thompson, 1845], sister of Robert Warren, (Cork) 1829-1915, the famous ornithologist, who was a correspondent of W. Thompson (q.v.) and from 1851 living in Moyview, County Sligo. Another Irish collector of shells by this family name was Thomas Warren, active during the 1830s and the 1840s, but it is unknown if he was related to Robert and Amy.

Lacking information about Warren in the gastropod names Muricopsis warreni E. J. Petuch, 1993 and Xymene warreni W. F. Ponder, 1972, but the last species was collevted by and is in honor of a T.P. Warren, 19??-, who had collected the specimens at New Zealand's South Island, almost certainly another person in the first name.

John Warren, 1810-1857, US malacologist like his namesake Prof. Dr. John Collins Warren, (1 Aug. - Boston) 1778-1856 (4 May), a well known physician.

The western Indian Ocean sawshark name Pliotrema warreni Regan, 1906 was in honour of Prof. Dr. Ernest Warren, 1871- 1945, the first director (from 1903, when he arrived from England, to 1935) of the Natal Museum. He is also honoured in the South African copepod name Paradiaptomus warreni N.A. Rayner, 1999.

Lacking information about Warwick in the cirripedan name Octolasmis warwicki (Gray, 1825), but possibly a tribute to a natural history dealer named J.E. Warwick, 17??-18??, (fl. 1819-1858).

Dr. Richard Martyn Warwick, (16 June) 1944-, meiobenthologist and marine freeliving nematod taxonomist, working in Plymouth [Neotonchus warwicki (Platt, 1982) & Chitwoodia warwicki Jayasree, 1976, Prorhynchonema warwicki Gourbault, 1982].

Dr. Norbert Wasmund, 19??-, Leibniz-Institut für Ostseeforschung, Rostock, is honoured in the diatom name Navicula wasmundii Witkowski, Metzeltin & Lange-Bertalot in Metzeltin & Witkowski, 1996.

Dr. Marvin Leroy Wass, (24 Apr.) 1922-90 (5 Sep.), ecologist at Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences, found the type material of Aricidea wassi Pettibone,1965 in Chesapeake Bay [Paguristes wassi Provenzano, 1961]. The fish species name Pseudoplesiops wassi Gill & Edwards, 2003 is not in honour of this gentleman, but named for Richard C. Wass, 19??-, biologist of US Fish & Wildlife Service, Hilo, Hawaii, reporting on Pacific fishes at least from the 1960s, "who first reported on the species, in recognition of his important contribution to our knowledge of South-West Pacific fishes" and the syngnathid name Festucalex wassi Dawson, 1977 is likely honouring the same person, like the eel species Glenoglossa wassi McCosker, 1982. He has later worked in both Taiwan and Samoa, but was in 2006 back in Hawaii as Refuge Manager of the Hakalau National Wildlife Refuge,

Inanidrilus wasseri Erséus, 1985 is named for Mr. Robert Wasser, 19??-, "former maintenance officer at Lizard Island Research Station, who gave most valuable assistance in my field work there".

The gastropod names Diaphana watanabei Habe, 1976 and Morum watanabei (Kosuge, 1981) are in honour of Prof. Dr. Makoto M. Watanabe, 19??-, Japan Division Environmental Biology National Institute for Environmental Studies, who is working on cyanobacteria and other culturable microorganisms. (Dr. Riccardo Giannnuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information). The Japanese malacologist Denshichi Watanabe, 1873-1963, had the same family name as well as the Japanese plathelminth worker Dr. Ysamu Watanabe, 1901-1975,.

Dr. Shozaburo Watase, 1862-1929, Tokyo Univ., known for his rescue actions for the Japanese Akita dog and for the moongooses, is honoured in the ophiuroid name Aspidophiura watasei Matsumoto, 1915 and in the Japanese cephalopod genus name Watasenia Ishikawa, 1914.

Frederick George Waterhouse, (25 Aug. - near London) 1815-1898 (7 Sep. (senile decay) - Mannahill), English-born zoologist and botanist, who, when recently married emigrated to S Australia in 1852 and was the founder and first Curator of the South Australian Museum 1860-82.

George Robert Waterhouse, (6 Mar. - Somers Town) 1810-88 (21 Jan. - Putney), curator of the London Zoological Society and naturalist, mainly publishing on Mammalia and Coleoptera, later keeper of the Geology Department at the British Museum between 1851-1880. Earlier he had been an architect. He was the elder brother of Frederick George (above).

Ms. Janet H. Waterhouse (later Mrs. J. Macintosh), 19??-, of the Malacological Section, Australian Museum [Fissidentalium waterhousae Lamprell & Healey, 1998].

Lacking information about Waterman in the gastropod name Olivella watermani McGinty, 1940. Possibly the US zoologist Dr. Allyn Jay Waterman, (19 Apr.) 1902-1988 (18 Oct.), Williams College, but more likely a tribute to the US malacologist George Arthur Waterman, 1872-1960.

Arthur William Waters, (Alderley Edge, close to Manchester) 1846-1929 (Bournemouth), settled - when around 20 years old - because of problems with his lungs, in the Alp region, from where he made collection tours around central Europe. He produced several works about bryozoans, which he often himself illustrated, sometimes, however, he was helped by his wife, who was a photographer. He had been FLS (Fellow of the Linnean Society) for more than 50 years, when he died. The chief part of his left material is deposited at the Victoria University Museum, Manchester [Watersipora Neviani, 1895, Reteporella watersi (Nordgaard, 1907), Cribrilina watersi Andersson, 1902, Cardioecia watersi (O'Donoghue & de Waterville, 1939)].

The calanoid name Neoscolecithrix watersae (Grice, 1972) is in honour of Mrs. Gratia Waters, 19??-, "patroness of marine biological research".

Andrew Rodger Waterston, (30 Mar. - Ollaberry, Shetland) 1912-1996 (12 July - Edinburgh), Keeper of Natural History at the Royal Scottish Museum (between 1958 until 1977, when he became a Keeper Emeritus) and British Malacologist, like his father James Waterston, (7 Feb. - Paisley, Scotland) 1879-1930 (28 Apr.- London), curator at the Dep. of Entomology, British Museum (Nat. Hist.).

The Welsh biologist Dr. Edward Emrys Watkin, 1???-19?? (likely deceased, because he began publishing already around 1922 - and kept publishing, at least until 1942, but evidently not after WW II, so possibly he died during the war), is honoured in the amphipod name Bathyporeia watkini d'Udekem s'Acoz, Echchaoui & Menioui, 2005

Dr. Les(lie) Edward Watling, (13 Oct. - Calgary, Alberta, Canada) 1945-, amphipod researcher, Darling Marine Center, Univ. of Maine. He achieved his PhD in Marine Science at the Univ. of Delaware in 1974 [Spilocuma watlingi Omholt and Heard, 1979, Gnathiphimedia watlingi Coleman, C.O., Adorf, L., Eikmeier, N., Hoffmann-Kobert, B., Leistikow, A., Meier, D., Petzold, D., Remmert, K., Schierl, F., Schulte, M.C., Siebensohn, E., Stavridis, T. & Wagner, K., 1994, Stegomorphia watlingi (Berge, De Broyer & Vader, 2000)].

Hugh Watson, (1 June - Newcastle-upon-Tyne) 1885-1959 (21 Jan. - Cherry Hinton, near Cambridge), British Malacologist and nephew of H.C. Burnup (q.v.). He had an immense knowledge of the Gastropods, but rather poor health, often getting attacks of severe migraine, so he never married, but could enthustiastically help younger persons interested in malacology.

Rev. Robert Boog Watson, (26 Sep.) 1823-1910 (13 June), published on molluscs from e.g. Madeira (where he worked - having charge of the Scots Kirk there - between 1864-76) and the Challenger expedition during the 1870s and -80s [Bittium watsoni (Jeffreys, 1885), Basilissopsis watsoni Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1897, Gymnobela watsoni Dautzenberg, 1889, Stenoplax boogii Haddon, 1886, Manzonia boogi Moolenbeek & Faber, 1987, Opalia watsoni (de Boury, 1911), Basilissa watsoni Dall, 1927, Marginella watsoni Dall, 1881, Scaphander watsoni Dall, 1881, Gadila watsoni (Dall, 1881), Brachidontes watsoni Smith, 1885, Rhabdus watsoni Pilsbry & Sharp, 1897]. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida, kindly provided some of this information).

Dr. Jeanette E. Watson, 19??-, Honorary Associate, Marine Biology Section, Museum Victoria, Melbourne, is i.a. working on hydroids [Pseudopallene watsonae Staples, 2005].

Mrs. Kathie Way, 1948-, Welsh collection manager (Mollusca) at British Museum Nat. Hist., London [Pseudocyphoma kathiewayae Cate, 1973, Dentalium kathywayae Lamprell & Healey, 1998, Pitar kathiewayae Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999, Cerithiopsis wayae Jay & Drivas, 2002].

Clifton Stokes Weaver, (7 Jan. - New York) 1917-1992 (23 Jan. - Honolulu), Hawaiian amateur malacologist [Phenacovolva weaveri Cate, 1973]. A partial namesake was the US geologist and malacologist Dr. Charles Edwin Weaver, (1 May - Dearfield, New York) 1880-1958 (17 July - Pasadena).

Princess Kaihikapumahana Daisy Weaver (born Miller), 19??-, daughter of Princess Virginia Kahoa Kaahumanu Kaihikapumahana Ninito Wilcox, 1895-1954, (of the Hawaiian Kingdom) and the wife of the author of Volutoconus daisyae Weaver, 1967, Mr. Clifton S. Weaver, 19??, Hawaii, who himself is honoured in the names Paramoria weaveri McMichael, 1961, Weaveria Clench & Turner, 1964 (now a synonym of Adelomelon Dall, 1906) and Turridrup weaveri Powell, 1967. Weaver founded together with his brother a chain of restaurants in Hawaii, but has always also been a very interested malacologist and has published together with e.g. J.E. du Pont (q.v.) and A.J. Kohn (q.v.).

The cowry name Erosaria staphylea nolani Lorenz, 1989 is in honour of Nolan Webb, 19??-1988, South African shell collector.

Prof. Dr. Michael Webb, 1924-, Univ. of Durban, South Africa, is honoured in the pogonophore name Oligobrachia webbi Brattegaard, 1966. Webb worked so long in Bergen, Norway during the 1960s, so the pogonophorans (his primary research interest) there were for a long time known as Webb-dyr, meaning Webb animals. In 1976 Webb achieved a professorship in zoology at the Univ. of Stellenbosch.

Philip Barker Webb, (10 July) 1793-1854 (31 Aug.), botanist from Godalming, Surrey, who worked together with Berthelot (q.v.) collected molluscs and other natural history objects in the Canary Islands, is honoured in the green algal name Caulerpa webbiana Montagne, 1837, the gastropod name Epitonium webbii d'Orbigny, 1840, in the octocoral name Leptogorgia webbiana Valenciennes, 1855 and also in the foraminiferan names Miliolinella.webbiana (d'Orbigny, 1839) and Webbinella Rhumbler, 1903, likely also Aega webbii (Guérin-Ménéville, 1836). Several herb names are also honouring his memory. He also collected in Asia Minor, Spain and Ireland.

Walter Freeman Webb, (28 May- a farm in the midwest) 1869-1957 (June - St. Petersburg, Florida), US stenographer, later nureryman, who also became a lage shell collector - the largest shell dealer in USA around 1930 - first active in New York, from 1946 in Florida, who wrote "Handbook for Shell Collectors".

The Dutch expedition with the gunboat Siboga, 1899-1900 under direction of the Professor of zoology in Amsterdam, Dr. Max Wilhelm Carl Weber, (5 Dec. - Bonn) 1852-1937 (7 Feb.), found the first representatives of the pogonophorans off Indonesia. Weber was born in Bonn, as son of a German father and Dutch mother and studied natural history and medicine in his home town (under i.a. F.H. Troschel (q.v.) and F. Leydig (q.v.)) and Berlin (under E. von Martens (q.v.)). He achieved his PhD in Bonn in 1877 and his MD one year later. He became prosector in anatomy at the Univ. of Amsterdam in 1879 and four years later extra-ordinary professor there. The same year, he married Hugo de Vries' disciple Anne Antoinette van Bosse, (27 Mar.) 1852-1942 (29 Oct.), who recently had become a widow and became a well-known algologist [Neomeris vanbosseae Howe]. Meanwhile he had been to the Arctic as zoologist and ships surgeon on board the Willem Barents Expedition in 1881. In 1888 he went to the Netherlands East Indies, making collections and 1894 he went to S Africa studying zoology, after having been appointed (the first) director of the Amsterdam Zoological Museum two years earlier. His interest in the East Indian fauna and the deep sea caused him to be a leading and successful lobbyist for a Dutch deep-sea expedition. His wife also joined this expedition as algae specialist. He retired in 1921. The Weber couple were child-less [Cosmocampus maxweberi, Caridina weberi De Man, 1892, Siboganemertes weberi Stiasny-Wijnhoff, 1923, Longipedia weberi A. Scott, 1909, Calyptronema (Catalaimus) maxweberi (De Man, 1922), Sacculina weberi Boschma, 1931, Notodelphys weberi Stock, 1950, Pseudanthessius weberi A. Scott, 1909, Bryocamptus weberi (Kessler, 1914), Pegantha weberi (Haeckel, 1879), Parviturbo weberi Pilsbry & McGinty, 1945, Sepiella weberi Adam, 1939, Heteroteuthis weberi Joubin, 1902, Stephanocyathus weberianus (Alcock, 1902), Leviapseudes weberi (Nierstrasz, 1913), Amphicteis weberi Caullery, 1944, Parathelges weberi Nierstrasz & Brender à Brandis, 1923]. A namesake is Max Weber, 1864-1930, the founder of Sociology, who also was German-born. (His scientific career).

The type material of Lembos websterii Bate, 1856, was dredged by a Mr. W. Webster - a keen dredger - in Falmouth. Another friend of Bate and Westwood, may have been a Mr. M. Webster, who dredged at Tenby, sending them specimens of one species from there, but it is not unlikely that the letter M here is a misprint for W, as W. Webster usually is acknowledged for sending specimens from Tenby as well.

Prof. Dr. Harrison Edwin Webster, (8 Sep.) 1841-1909 (16 June), professor at Union College & Univ. of Rochester, later headmaster of Union College in New York, polychaetologist, who in 1884 together with Dr. James Everhard Benedict, 1854-1940, PhD at Union College in Schenectady, N.Y. [Syllides benedicti Banse, 1971, Streblospio benedicti Webster, 1879, Orchestoidea benedicti Shoemaker, 1930, Ephyrina benedicti S.I. Smith, 1885, Pleurotomella benedictii Verrill & Smith, 1884, Calliostoma benedicti Dall, 1889, Aclis benedicti (Bartsch, 1947), Chlamys benedicti (Verrill & Bush, 1897), Pagurus benedicti Bouvier, 1898, Drilonereis benedicti Pettibone, 1956, Dynamenella benedicti (Richardson, 1899)], (assistent curator at Department of Marine Invertebrates at Smithsonian Institution; retired in 1930) described Streptosyllis. Benedict was also the the permanent naturalist on board the Albatross during its first cruises in the 1880s. (The ancestors of Webster and his many relatives in USA immigrated already in 1635 to Connecticut - the most well-known relative is probably the lexicographer Noah Webster, (16 Oct.) 1758-1843 (28 May)) [Websterinereis Pettibone, 1971, Streptosyllis websteri Southern, 1914, Polydora websteri Hartman, in Loosanoff & Engle, 1943, Eunice websteri Fauchald, 1969].

The New Zealand polyplacophoran name Notoplax websteri A. W. B. Powell, 1937 must be a tribute to the Rev. William Henry Webster, 18??-1931, Wauiku, New Zealand, who published on a new New Zealand species of this genus (N. mariae) in 1908 and also published on other New Zealand mollusks between 1905.1908.

The decapod name Microphrys weddelli Milne-Edwards, 1851, found at the coast of Peru by Dr. Hugues (originally Hugh) Algernon Weddell, (22 June - Painswick, near Gloucester, England) 1819-1877 (22 July - Poitiers), an English physician and botanist (specialized in South American botany), brought up and educated in France, so very likely also the decapod name Paguristes weddelli (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) from Chile is in honour of the same person, else one perhaps would have guessed that the Weddell Sea, could have been the reason for the name (this part of the Antarctic Sea was named for the British sailor and seal hunter James Weddell, 1787-1834, born in Ostend, who entered this part of the ocean in 1823 as far as 74° S).

Dr. Karl (Carl) Wedl, (14 Oct. - Wien) 1815-1891 (21 Sep.), Austrian pathologist (& dermatologist), anatomist and helminthologist [Wedlia Cobbold, 1860, Didymosulcus wedli (Ariola, 1902), Ascaris wedli Stossich, 1896, Paroneirodes wedli (Pietschmann, 1926)].

Wee : (see Vic Wee).

The Rev. B. J. Weeding, 1???-19??, of South Australia wrote at least three papers on the polyplacophora in 1939-40. He was deceased before 1964. He is honoured in the polyplacophoran names Ischnochiton weedingi Milne, 1958 and Weedingia Kaas, 1988. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

Dr. Walentina (Wallie) Helena de Weerdt, 1951-, started her career as a marine biologist with a field study of Millepora (hydrocorals) species in the Curaçao reefs. Subsequently took up the systematics of Western European Chalinidae sponges. She is currently employed in the Zoological Museum of Amsterdam. [Acarnus deweerdtae Van Soest et al., 1991, Haliclona (Soestella) walentinae Diaz, Thacker, Rützler & Piantoni, 2007]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

Dr. Alfred Lothar Wegener, (1 Nov. - Berlin) 1880-1930 (Nov. - Greenland), German geologist / meterologist (although earning his PhD in 1905 in astronomy), well-known for his continental drift (from an original Pangaea continent) hypothesis in 1915. He froze to death together with his inuit companion Rasmuns Villumsen when heading an expedition over the ice cap of Greenland.

Dr. Everett Elmer Wehr, (4 Nov.) 1895-19?? (still living in the beginning of the 1940s), US parasitologist (living in Dallas, Texas in 1920), is honoured in the digenean name Eucotyle wehri Price, 1930.

Lacking information about Weigele, 19??-, in the ascidian name Lissoclinum weigelei Lafargue, 1968.

The gastropod name Periapta weili E.F. Garcia, 2003 is in honour of Mr. Art Weil, 1928-, of Cincinnati (USA), amateur conchologist studying wentletraps and has published i.a. together with his younger colleagues B. Neville (q.v.) and L. Brown (q.v.). (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information, but Weil himself provided the date through the following sentence "I was born in 1928 at home. My mother took one look at me -- and went directly to the hospital. Art").

The gastrotrichan Dactylopodola weilli (d'Hondt, 1965) is likely named for Prof. Robert Felix Weill, (11 Mar. - Strasbourg) 1902-1980 (Talence), Univ. of Paris, Naturalist of the French Hydrographic Mission of Indo-China (1927-28) . later Prof. of general physiology in Bordeaux, who in 1934 published a book chapter on nematocysts. He also worked on Protozoa and other marine invertebrates [Coeloplana weilli Dawydoff, 1938, Lekanesphaera weilli (Elkaim, 1967)].

Dr. Steven Weinberg, 1946-, Dutch marine biologist, specialist of Octocorallia. Teaches biology at the European School in Luxembourg, and is author of several underwater field guides. Collected the type of Plakina weinbergi Muricy, Boury-Esnault, Bézac & Vacelet, 1998 in a cave in Agios Georgios Island, Cyprus and also collected the type of Petrosia weinbergi van Soest, 1980 in Lighthouse Cave, San Salvador, the Bahamas. Now living in Senningen, Luxembourg.

The nudibranch name Hypselodoris lilyeveae Alejandrino & Valdes, 2006 is dedicated to Lily Eva Weingarten, 19??-, in acknowledgent of her family's contribution to research and education program at the Natural History Museum of the Los Angeles County.

Heinrich Conrad Weinkauff, 1817-1886, German zoologist and malacologist, who i.a. published "Conchylien des Mittelmeeres", 2 vols., 1867-68 [Alvania weinkauffi Weinkauff, 1868, Weinkauffia Monterosato ex Adams MS, 1884, Antalis weinkauffi (Dunker, 1877)].

Prof. Norman Edward Weisbord, (1 Oct. - Jersey City, New Jersey) 1901-1990 (21 Aug. - Tallahassee, Florida, from complications of Alzheimer's disease), U.S. palaeontologist, who i.a. worked on cirripeds [likely Favia weisbordi Wells, 1934].

Weismann : (see Bourne).

The gastrotrich name Tetranchyroderma weissi Todaro, 2002 is honouring Dr. Mitchell J. Weiss, 19??-, State of New Jersey, in recognition of his repruductive biology studies of gastrotrichs.

Eugen(e) Weissflog, around 1823-1898 (75 years old when he died in Dresden the 5:th May), is honoured in the diatom names Thalassiosira weissflogii (Grunow) G. Fryxell & Hasle, 1977 and Diploneis weissflogii (A. Schmidt) Cleve. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided the first name).

Lacking information about Weizenbau in the green algal name Cladophora weizenbauii O.C. Schmidt.

Marionina welchi Laserre, 1971 is named for the limnologist Prof. Dr. Paul Smith Welch, (28 Jan. - Oconee, Illinois) 1882-1959 (1 Oct.), "long an outstanding American authority on the Enchytraeidae". He published a textbook "Limnology" in 1935 (second edition in 1952) (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information). A namesake was Dr. h.c. Robert John Welch, (22 July - Strabane, county Tyrone) 1859-1936 (28 Sep.), conchologist from Northern Ireland (living most of his life in Belfast) and President of the Conchological Society, but well known photographer by profession. He achieved a honorary doctorate in 1923 from Queen's Univ.

The gastropod names Turbonilla weldi Dall & Bartsch, 1909 was in honour of Prof. Laenas Gifford Weld, 1862-1919, Univ. of Iowa (where he was Prof. of mathemathics), but the gastropod name Siliquaria weldii Tennison Woods, 1876 and the scaphopod name Dentalium weldianum J. E. Tennison Woods, 1877 were described from another continent by the Rev. Tennison Woods, so the honoured person in these names must be Sir Frederick Aloysius Weld, (9 May - Chideock, Dorset) 1823-1891 (20 July - Chideock), the Governor of Western Australia (later in Tasmania), who had invited Tennison Woods to report on the geology and tin-mining resources of the Malay States.

The medusa name Zanclonia weldoni (Browne, 1910) and the sipunculan name Phascolosoma (Rueppellisoma) weldoni (Shipley, 1892) must likely be tributes to the British anatomy Prof. Dr. Walter Frank Raphael Weldon, (15 Mar. - London) 1860-1906 (13 Apr. - Oxford, from acute pneumonia), who was very interested in marine organisms, but is most known as an evolutionary biologist and a founder of Biometry.

Douglas Welker, 19??-, and Sherry Welker, 19??-, shell collectors from Decatur, Illinois [Subcancilla welkerorum Withney, 1977].

Prof. Dr. Stuart Weller, (28 Dec. - Maine, New York) 1870-1927 (by heart failure, while being working in the field), US palaeontologist, Geologist and Malacologist.

Dr. Stefan Wellershaus, 19??-, German plankton copepod researcher, is honoured in the copepod name Oithona wellershausi Ferrari, 1981.

Prof. Dr. Gerard M. Wellington , 19??-, then at Univ. of California, Santa Barbara (PhD there in 1981), later at Univ. of Houston, is honoured in the Galápagos coral name Rhizopsammia wellingtoni Wells, 1982, because he and P.W. Glynn (q.v.) worked on corals around Galápagos during that time.

Dr. Fred Ethan Wells Jr., (10 Feb. - Ancon, Panama) 1946-, Senior Curator (malacology), Aquatic Zoology, Museum of Natural Science, Western Australian Museum, Perth, Western Australia, but starting his career in USA / Canada [Dentalium wellsi Lamprell & Healey, 1998, Typhis wellsi Houart, 1985, Albanidrilus wellsi (Erséus, 1990), Olavius (Coralliodriloides) fredi Erséus, 1997, Paranemertopsis wellsi Gibson, 1990].

Tritonia wellsi Marcus, 1961 from Beaufort, N.C,. USA, was named for Dr. Harry W. Wells, 1930-1973. Dr. Wells was incapacitated by a stroke in 1969. (Dr. Wells' daughter Ann Dorminy found this site and kindly provided the dates information).

Prof. Emer. John B.J. Wells, 1935-, is honoured in the harpacticoid names Wellsopsyllus Kunz, 1981, Noodtiella wellsi Apostolov, 1974, Paranannopus wellsi Soyer, 1975, Paraleptomesochra wellsi Chandrasekhara Rao, 1972, Pseudostenhelia wellsi Coull & Fleeger, 1977, Parevansula wellsi (Marinov, 1973), Heterolaophonte wellsi Hamond, 1973, and Enhydrosoma wellsi Bodin, 1967. He published "Keys to Aid in the identification of Marine Harpacticoid Copepods" at the Dep. of Zoology, Univ. of Aberdeen in 1976, but moved to Victoria Univ. of Wellington, New Zealand (from where he retired in 2003), from which Amendment Bulletins started to arrive in 1978.

Prof. Dr. John West Wells, (15 July - Philadelphia) 1907-1994 (12 Jan. - Ithaca, New York), US zoologist / palaeontologist, who published on scleractinians at least between 1935-72 [Blastomussa wellsi Wijsman-Best, 1973, Wellsophyllia Pichon, 1980, Balanophyllia wellsi Cairns, 1977, Eguchipsammia wellsi (Eguchi, 1968), Polymyces wellsi Cairns, 1991, Scolymia wellsii Laborel, 1967, Stylophora wellsi Scheer, 1964, Coscinaraea wellsi Veron & Pichon, 1980].

Cyclocanna welshi Bigelow,1918 was probably not named for Prof. Dr. John Henry Welsh III., (25 Aug. - Boothbay) 1901-2002 (26 Nov. - Boothbay Harbor), of Harvard University, who was the teacher of Ralph I. Smith (q.v.) and partly worked on crustaceans, but more likely for William Welsh (sic!) Welsh, 1878-1921, US Bureau of Fisheries, who had followed the sea-sick Bigelow (q.v.) on the summer tours with the schooner Grampus between 1912-17 and was Bigelow's coauthor (posthumously) on the "Fishes from the Gulf of Maine", published in 1925.

Prof. Dr. Carl Wilhelm Hermann Weltner, (26 Oct. - Römnitz, Ratzeburg) 1854-1917 (11 Apr.), spongiologist at Zool. Museum, Berlin, who published 1321 pages on sponges in 53 papers, as well as several articles on cirripedians. He had started his zoological career as a disciple of O. Schmidt (q.v.). [Weltneria Berndt, 1907, Weltnerium Zevina, 1978 weltneri (Gruvel), Farrea weltneri Topsent, 1901, Trianguloscalpellum weltnerianum (Pilsbry), Alona weltneri Keilhack, 1905, Pontoporeia weltneri Ekman, 1913 (adult males of Monoporeia affinis (Lindström, 1855)), Callogorgia weltneri (Versluys, 1906) (synonym of C. cristata Aurivillius, 1931), Hyalonema weltneri F. E. Schulze, 1895, Potamolepis weltneri Moore, 1903].

The Australian botanist Dr. Friedrich Martin Josef Welwitsch, (25 Feb. - Marisaal, Carinthia, Australia) 1806-1872 (20 Oct. - London), who was educated in Wien, worked from 1839 in Portugal, but mainly travelling and collecting in Africa from 1853 (where he i.a. met and also travelled together with Dr. Livingstone) - returning to Lisbon in 1861, but moving to London in 1863, is honoured in the red algal name Erythrotrichia welwitschii Batters. He also had some malacological interests.

The ophiuroid name Ophiocoma wendti Müller & Troschel, 1842, must be a tribute to Captain Johann Wilhelm Wendt, (18 Nov. - Bremen) 1802-1847 (6 June - Bremen), German malacology collector and a son of a sailors family, because the type was collected by a Captain Wendt in Hawaii. He collected rather much molluscs (and other species as well; the plant genus Wendtia Meyen from Chile is e.g. named for him) during his three circumnavigations and other trips onboard sailing ships. His malacological collections are found at the Univ. of Bremen. Also A. von Humboldt (q.v.) used material from Wendt's collections. Wendt was also involved in the building of Europe's first longer telegraph line (65 km) between Bremen & Bremerhaven shortly before he died.

Dr. Wilhelm August Wenz, 1886-1945, malacologist / palaeontologist, born in Frankfurt am Main [Syrnola wenzi Nordsieck, 1972].

Prof. Dr. Winona Bortz Vernberg, (Kansas) 1924-2008 (29 Dec. - Saluda, N.C.), US biologist at the Belle W. Baruch Institute for Marine Biology and Coastal Research, retired in 1997, who has published on marine symbiosis and pollution [Halectinosoma winonae Coull, 1975]. The author of this species was affiliated with the same institute as his "victim". Her husband, Prof. Dr. F. John Vernberg, 1925-, was also in the same business (e.g. Director of the Belle W. Baruch Institute), but retired simultaneously.

Dr. Bernhard Werner, (2 Apr.) 1910-1984 (22 Mar.), German cnidariologist [Nausithoe werneri Jarms, 1990].

Prof. Dr. Emil Werth, (11 Mar. - Münster) 1869--1958 (8 July - Münster), who had studied at the Univ. of Berlin and in 1901 became PhD at the Univ. of Bern, was botanist of the German antarctic expedition on board the Gauss (1901--1903) [Pseudonototanais werthi (Vanhöffen, 1914)].

Dr. Elise Wesenberg-Lund, (25 Apr. - Frederiksberg) 1896-1969 (19 July - København), Danish zoologist, who mainly worked on polychaetes and other marine worm groups [Wesenbergia Hartman, 1955, Nephasoma wodjanizkii elisae (Murina, 1977)]. She was daughter of the limnologist Prof. Dr. Carl Jørgen Wesenberg-Lund, 1867-1955, and married to (from 9 Oct. 1925 until 1932) the zoologist Ingvald Kristian Lieberkind (q.v.).

Lacking information about West in the Australian gastropod name Horologica westiana Ch. Hedley, 1909.

The diatom names Pseudopododsira westii (W. Smith) Sheshukova & Gleser and Caloneis westii (W. Smith) Hendey, 1964 must be in honour of Tuffen West, 1823-? (his year of decease is usually given as 1891, likely depending on the fact that a person of this rather unusual first name and the same family name was buried in Frensham, Surrey at age 67 on March 24 1891, but P.S. Davis & D.J. Horne, 1985, in an article about the Brady brothers in J. of Micropalaeontology gives his year of decease as 1914). The original author Prof. Rev. William Smith, (Ballymoney, Antrim) 1808-1857 (Cork), namely published his "A Synopsis of the British Diatomaceae" with plates by Tuffen West. Dr. T.West studied medicine at the Newcastle College of Medicine and apprenticed to Dr. Henry Brady, but was simultaneously very interested in natural history, taking part in the early dredging expeditions off the Northumberland and Durham coasts and Dr. Brady's sons G.S. Brady & H.S. Brady (q.v.) were influenced by his interest in natural history. West later achieved fame as an illustrator of zoological monographs.

Dr. Einar Westblad, (21 Dec.) 1891-1961 (4 June), Swedish zoologist; upper secondary school lecturer (gymnasielektor) in biology, who devoted all his spare time to the morphology and phylogeny of marine invertebrates - especially freeliving platyhelmints [Westbladiella Luther, 1943, Archiloa westbladi Ax, 1954, Ulianinia westbladi Karling, 1963, Xenoturbella westbladi Israelsson, 1999, Otocelis westbladi Ax, 1959, Eumecynostomum westbladi (Dörjes, 1968), Trisaccopharynx westbladi Karling, 1940, Rogneda westbladi Karling, 1953, Ptychopera westbladi (Luther, 1943), Uncinorhynchus westbladi Karling, 1952, Einarhelmins Karling, 1993, Wahlia westbladi Jondelius, 1996, Nemertoderma westbladi Steinböck,1938, Paraphanostoma westbladi Marcus, 1950, Conaperta westbladi (Marcus, 1949), Duploperaclistus westbladi Karling, 1966].

The red algal name Aglaothamnion westbrookiae Rueness & L'Hardy-Halos, 1991 is in honour of the English botanist Dr. Marjorie Alison Westbrook (Mrs. D. P. Wilson), 1903-1978, since 1931 wife of Douglas P. Wilson (q.v.).

Dr. Carl Agardh Westerlund, (12 Jan. - Berga, close to Kalmar) 1831-1908 (28 Feb. - Ronneby); Swedish malacologist, but not working on marine creatures.

The gastropod name Turbonilla westermanni de Jong & Coomans, 1988 is not a tribute to Dr. Gerd Ernst Gerold Westermann, (Berlin) 1927-, PhD at the Tübingen Univ. in 1953, German-Canadian palaeomalacologist, but to Dr. Jan Hugo Westermann, (1 June - Loosdrecht) 1907-1981 (10 May - Hilversum), "a geologist, who has done much for nature conservation in the Netherlands Antilles".

Prof. Dr. Wilfried Westheide, (Bielefeld) 1937-, annelidologist at the Univ. of Osnabruck [Westheideia P.P. Wolf, 1986, Diurodrilus westheidei Kristensen & Niilonen, 1982, Randidrilus westheidei (Kossmagk-Stephan, 1983), Macrochaeta westheidei dos Santos & da Silva, 1993, Syllis westheidei San Martin, 1984, Microphthalmus westheidei Hartmann-Schröder, 1982].

Prof. Dr. John Obadiah Westwood, (22 Dec. - Sheffield, Yorkshire) 1805-1893 (2 Jan. - Oxford), [Westwoodilla Bate, 1862, Dryopoides westwoodi Stebbing, 1888], the first to hold the Hope professorship of entomology in Oxford, fone of the founders of the Entomological Society of London, also amateur archaeologist and anti-Darwinist and a very good illustrator; published together with the British dentist and crustaceologist Dr. Charles Spence Bate, (16 Mar. - Trenick House, near Truro, Cornwall) 1819-1889 (29 July), FRS, FLS (from 1854), who practised dentistry in Swansea 1841-51, later in Plymouth, "A history of the British sessile-eyed Crustacea" which arrived in 1861-69. Bate shared the interest of Cirripedia with C. Darwin (q.v.) and corresponded much with him, naming the amphipod genus Darwinea Bate, 1856 (now a synonym of Lafystius Krøyer, 1842). He also was a founding member of the "Marine Biological Association" i Plymouth. [Pseudoparatanais batei (G.O. Sars, 1882), Amphilochus spencebatei (Stebbing, 1876), Scyllarus batei Holthuis, 1946, Costa batei (Brady, 1866), Periclimenes batei Holthuis, 1959].

Albert Gallatin Wetherby, 1833-1902, US (Cincinatti / Ohio) Malacologist.

The gastropod name Acteocina wetherelli (I. Lea, 1833) may likely honour the British physician and geologist Dr. Nathaniel Thomas Wetherell, (6 Sep. - Highgate) 1800-1875 (22 Dec. - Highgate). Wetherell was one of the founders of the London Clay Club (see Bowerbank).

Dr. Frank Alexander Wetmore, (18 June - North Freedom, Wisconsin) 1886-1978 (7 Dec. - Glen Echo, Maryland), Assistant Secretary in the Smithsonian Institution [Turbonilla wetmorei Strong & Hertlein, 1937, Diodora wetmorei Farfante, 1945, Encope wetmorei Clark, 1946]. (Don Cunningham kindly provided his correct dates).

Lacking information about Wettstein in the Indian Ocean coral name Rhizopsammia wettsteini Scheer & Pillai, 1983. Possibly the name may honour Dr. Otto von Wettstein Ritter von Westersheimb, (7 Aug. - Wien) 1892-1967 (10 July), curator of the Herpetological Collection of the Natural History Museum in Vienna between 1920-45, but more likely another person.

The isopod name Synisoma wetzerae Ormsby, 199l, is a tribute to Dr. Regina Wetzer, 19??-, curator of marine crustaceans at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. PhD in 2000 at University of South Carolina.

Prof. Dr. Frank Walter Weymouth, (17 June - Seattle) 1884-1963 (10 Mar. - Oakland, Calif.), graduate of the Stanford Univ. in 1909, later prof. of physiology there. Published on decapod crustaceans and molluscs and was the author of a few books, e.g. "The edible clams, mussels and scallops of California" [Pinnixa weymouthi M.J. Rathbun, 1918].

Carl (or Karl) Weyprecht, (8 Sep. - Michelstadt, Odenwald, Germany) 1838-1881 (29 Mar. - Michelstadt), German polar researcher and naval officer in Austrian service. During the summer 1871, he and Julius von Payer (q.v.) undertook a pilot study in the waters between Spitsbergen and Novaja Zemlja. Between 1872-74 they tried to reach the NE passage with "Tegethoff", but the vessel became icebound and reached eventually a new group of islands, which got the name Franz Joseph Land. The expedition succeded to escape in life boates and was saved by Russian fishermen [Weyprechtia Stuxberg, 1880, Hantzschia weyprechtii Grunow in Cleve & Grunow, 1880].

Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Karl Weyrauch, 1907-1970, German Malacologist, mainly intersted in land and freshwater malacology, especially in South America.

Prof. Dr. Robin Charles Ignatius Whatley, (Kent) 1936-, palaeontologist in Wales, who has published on recent and extinct ostracods [Sclerochilus whatleyi Athersuch & Horne, 1987].

Mr. Stephen Whatmough, 19??-, of Beaufort West, sent material of Amalda whatmoughi Kilburn, 1993 to the author.

Silas Carmi Wheat, 1853-1922, US (Brooklyn, New York) Malacologist.

Charles Moore Wheatley, (16 Mar. - Ongar, England) 1822-1882 (6 May - Pennsylvania), US Malacologist, who as a young boy followed his parents, when they emigrated to Long Island, New York, and later served in the mining industries, first in Connecticut, later in Pennsylvania and became interested in palaeontology.

Lacking information about Wheeler in the nematode name Haliplectus wheeleri Coles, 1965, but possibly a tribute to Coles' natural history museum colleague Alwyne Wheeler (below)?.

Dr. Alwyne Cooper Wheeler, (5 Oct. - Woodford Green, Essex) 1929-2005 (19 June), (sometimes using the pseudonym Allen Cooper) British ichthyologist, who has also published much on the history of biology and Honorary Editor of "Archives of natural history" until 1999 [Carcharhinus wheeleri Garrick, J. A. F., 1982, Amblyeleotris wheeleri (Polunin & Lubbock, 1977), Plectranthias wheeleri Randall 1980, Pseudopentaceros wheeleri Hardy 1983, Lagocephalus wheeleri Abe, Tabeta & Kitahama, 1984, Setipinna wheeleri Wongratana, 1983, Wheelerigobius Miller, 1981].

Dr. John (Bill) Francis George Wheeler, 1900-1979, English nemerteanologist (graduated from the Univ. of Bristol in 1922), publishing on such items from 1934 until 1940. During the last part of his life as a scientist he was stationed at the Bermuda Biological Station for Research, beeing its director from Jan. 1932 on. Before that, he had been on the research vessel Discovery II between 1924-29 and from 1929-30. In late 1929 to June 1930 he also was in charge of the the Marine Biological Station on South Georgia Island, studying whales, the object of his PhD studies. During WW II the research money to the Bermuda station stopped, so Wheeler became a bank employee on Bermuda in 1941 [Oerstedia wheeleri Chernuishev, 1992, Paradinonemertes wheeleri Coe, 1936]. A portrait of him and his wife is found (web page 32) in Bermuda Biological Station for Research - 100 years.

Prof. Dr. William Morton Wheeler, (19 Mar. - Milwaukee, Wisconsin) 1865-1937 (19 Apr.), published in 1894 on a new marine tricladian species in Boston. He worked for a time (1903-08) at the American Museum of Natural History, but laater he was professor at Harvard Univ. and considered to be a learned person in many fields. [Bdelloura wheeleri Wilhelmi, 1909].

Lambis wheelwrighti Joel Greene, 1978 is honouring Prof. Dr. Joseph Balch Wheelwright, M.D., (6 June - Boston) 1906-1999 (22 June - Santa Barbara, Calif.), "an ardent amateur conchologist in the best sense of the word, and a benefactor of the California Academy of Sciences". He was a pioneering psychiatrist and Jungian analyst who taught for 30 years as a clinical professor at the Langley-Porter Psychiatric Institute in the University of California San Francisco Medical Center. He was a founder of the C.G. Jung Institute of San Francisco and a past president of the International Association for Analytical Psychology.

Mr. Adam White, (29 Apr. - Edinburgh) 1817-1879 (4 Jan.), wrote books and articles about carcinology (i.a. a catalogue of British crustaceans), entomology and vertebrates in Britain during the middle part of the 19:th century. He had acquainted J.E. Gray (q.v.) and obtained an Assistant post at the British Museum's Zoology Department in 1835 and in 1841, when Samouelle (q.v.) was dismissed, this competent person succeded him (until 1863, when he quitted and left for Edinburgh after getting a serious depression when he became a widower, succeded at the Museum by Arthur Gardiner Butler, (27 June - Beckenham, Kent) 1844-1925 (28 May - Beckenham), an entomologist, most known as a lepidopterologist, who retired in 1901, due to ill health, but left the crustaceans to the care of E.J. Miers (q.v.), when Miers started at the Museum in 1872) and was a friend of e.g. Gosse (q.v.) and Spence Bate (q.v.). Butler was the son of Thomas Butler, who was an assistant to Sir Antonio G.M. Panizzi, 1797-1879, the Museum's Italy-born librarian. White was a devout Christian and long played football for the Glasgow Rangers, but an injury to his knee then stopped him from playing any more [Protomedeia whitei Bate (a synonym of Cheirocratus sundevalli (Rathke)), Carinocythereis whitei (Baird,1850), Carinocythereis whitei (Baird, 1850), Callianassa whitei Sakai, 1999, likely Hypselodoris whitei (Adams & Reeve, 1850)].

The sea horse species Hippocampus whitei Bleeker, 1855 was based on a drawing of the species published in 1790 by Dr. John White, ca 1757-1832 (20 Feb. - aged 75; buried in Worthing, Sussex), from Drumaran, Mullaghdun, county Fermanagh, Ireland, in his book "Journal of a voyage to New South Wales with sixty-five plates of non-descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions" London: Debrett. (first published in 1790, reprinted in 1962). He had sailed as a surgeon on a transport ship "Charlotte", one of the first ships to transport convicts to New South Wales (the first transport had arrived at Sydney Cove on Jan. 26 1788), where he should fill a position as Surgeon-General. In 1795, he returned to England and was elected FLS on Jan. 19 1796. Achieved a MA and his MD at St Andrews, Scotland in 1797 (Dr. E. Charles Nelson, Hon. Ed. of "Archives of natural history", a collateral descendant of John White, kindly provided most of the information).

The gastropod name Odostomia whitei Bartsch, 1927 may possibly honour the Florida malacologist James Johnson White, (13 Feb. - Kittanning, Pennsylvania) 1846-1912 (20? Apr. - Rockledge, Florida), or perhaps (but less likely) the US palaeo-malacologist Prof. Dr. Charles Abiathar White, (26 Jan. - North Dighton, Mass.) 1826-1910 (29 June), who is honoured in e.g. the non marine gastropod Valvata whitei Hannibal, 1900. The fossil bivalve Corbula whitei H.G. Richards, 1947 was named for the petroleum geologist Stanley B. White, 1???-19??, of the Ohio Oil Company.

Lacking information about Whitechurch in the gastropod name Pyrgulina whitechurchi (Turton, 1832).

Dr. John Joseph Frederick Whiteaves, (26 Dec. - Oxford) 1835-1909 (8 Aug. - Ottawa), was an English born geologist with wide natural history interests, who moved to Canada in 1861 and during 1868-73 dredged intensively in Gulf of St Lawrence, while he was employed at the Natural History Museum in Montreal. Published in 1901 a catalogue on the marine invertebrates of east Canada. He became a LL.D. h.c. at McGill Univ. in 1900. [Calloporaa whiteavesi Norman, 1903, Cerithiella whiteavesii Verrill, 1880, Turbonilla whiteavesi Bartsch, 1909]. Obituary: Sollas, W.J. 1910. John Joseph Frederick Whiteaves, LL.D. (McGill), F.R.S. Canada (1835-1909). Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 66:xlix-l

Mrs. Thora Whitehead, (27 Jan. - Chile) 1936-, Brisbane, Australian shell collector, general collector, taxonomist & author. She has cooperated much with Kevin Lamprell (q.v.) and has supported A.J. da Motta (q.v.) in his work and is honoured in the names Thoraconus da Motta, 1991 & Conus whiteheadae da Motta , 1985 and also sent material subsequently named Nassarius whiteheadae Cernohorsky , 1984 and also presented specimen for identification later named Callocardia thorae H.E.Vokes , 1985 and sent specimen of Morula whiteheadae Houart , 2004. Her son in law Ronald (Peter) Bray, who has supplied most of this information, also mentioned that she donated material from his collection, then named Terebra whiteheadae U.Aubry & Marquet ,1995. All her taxon names relate to characteristics of the specimens, except for a species named for Western Australia, Perotrochus westralis (Whitehead, 1987). [Callocardia thorae H. Vokes, 1985].

Dr. Peter James Palmer Whitehead , (24 June) 1930-1992, ichthyologist (for a time working at the natural history museum in London), must be the honoured person in the fish names Callionymus whiteheadi Fricke, 1981 and Gonialosa whiteheadi Wongratana, 1983.

Thomas Whitelegge, (7 Aug. - Stockport, Cheshire, England) 1850-1927 (4 Aug. - Sydney), was born in extreme poverty. At age 8, he began to work in the cotton mills, going from this position of slavery to one of near-slavery as a hat maker by age 14. Nevertheless, in those bleak times, Whitelegge had an uncommon interest in natural history and joined several field-naturalists clubs. He was a founder of the Ashton Biological Society. To expand on his instincts and powers of observations, he read what he could and attended lectures on botany and geology (1874). He rapidly gained a reputation for knowledge of the flora and fauna of the surrounding districts. One of his appreciative correspondents was Charles Darwin (1878). In 1882, Whitelegge emigrated to Australia. His continued ramblings and naturalist's pursuits soon brought him to the attention of like-minded persons, and he became a member of the Linnean Society of New South Wales in May 1883. Whitelegge was appointed to the Australian Museum in 1887, as a senior assistant in charge of Lower Invertebrates. He was a confirmed collector, and acquired an unexcelled knowledge of the local marine and freshwater fauna. He supplied G.O. Sars (q.v.) with his famous mud-samples from which he hatched new Entomostraca. Whitelegge's best-known work is the "List of Marine and Fresh-Water Invertebrate Fauna of Port Jackson and Neighbourhood" (1889). He published other papers (at least 90) on crustaceans, echinoderms, hydrozoans, corals, worms, and other groups. Many species of both plants and animals have been named for Whitelegge, attesting to the esteem in which he was held by his colleagues. It is not often that marine biologists can claim insects in their realm, so it is a double pleasure to find Whitelegge memorialized in Halobates whiteleggei Skuse, 1891 [Iphiplateia whiteleggei Stebbing, 1899, Whiteleggia Lang 1970, Sinularia whiteleggei Lüttschwager, 1914, Parathelges whiteleggei Nierstrasz & Brandis, 1931]. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided all this information).

Prof. Robert Parr Whitfield, (27 May - New Hartford, New York) 1828-1910 (6 Apr. - Troy, New York), US malacopalaeontologist working in the New Jersey area.

The Australian cephalopod name Sepia whitleyana Iredale, 1926 is named for Dr. Gilbert Percy Whitley, (9 June - Swaythling, near Southampton, England) 1903-1975 (18 July), an eminent Australian (arrived to Australia in 1921 with his parents and siblings) ichthyologist, later curator of fishes at the Australian Museum in Sydney, Australia. He also worked somewhat on malacology. There are a Whitley Awards from the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales [Raja whitleyi Iredale, 1938, Ostracion whitleyi Fowler, 1931, Fragum whitleyi (Iredale, 1929)]. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Whitmae in the holothuroid name Holothuria (Microthele) whitmaei Bell, 1887.

Prof. Dr. Charles Otis Whitman, (14 Dec. - Woodstock, Maine) 1843-1910 (Dec. - Worcester, Mass.), US zoologist and embryologist, who became the first director of the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole from its start in 1888 (see also Baird, Spencer F.). He i.a. published on dicyemids [Plagiostomum whitmani von Graff, 1911].

Mrs. Annette Whitney, 19??-, of Sarina, Queensland (but with US roots), collected material of Gadila whitneyae Lamprell & Healey, 1998 and provided material and information about Lioconcha annettae Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided information about the second eponym).

The harpacticoid name Laophontodes whitsoni T. Scott, 1912 must be in honour of the Scottish Lord Provost accountant Sir Thomas Barnby Whitson, (10 Mar.) 1869-1948 (1 Oct.), who was an honorary accountant to Dr. Bruce's Scotia expedition.

The Indian Ocean foraminiferan name Toretammina whittakeri Brönnimann, 1986 (and some paleontological species names) is honouring Dr. John Eustace Peter Whittaker, 1945-, micropaleontologist working on foraminifera and ostracoda at BMNH, London.

Dr. Ian David Whittington, (19 Sep. - Birmingham,. England) 1960-, Australian (from 1987) parasitologist.

The isopod name Idotea whymperi Miers, 1881 is not in honour of Charles Whymper, (31 Aug. - Lambeth Terrass, London) 1853-1941 (24 Apr.), British illustrator and ornithologist, but of his brother, from whom Rev. Octavius Pickard Cambridge, (3 Nov. - Bloxworth, Dorset) 1828-1917 (9 Mar.), (British arachnologist) received spider material from N Greenland in 1870 and 1872. This person was Edward Whymper, (27 Apr. - London) 1840-1911 (16 Sep. - Chamonix), the most famous of Charles' many siblings and the first person to climb Mount Matterhorn. He climbed still snowier mountains also in Greenland, and it is quite likely that he may have collected some creatures from the arctic sea, because after his first Greenland expedition in 1867, when he found several fossil plants, he in 1872, when returning to Greenland, mainly surveyed the coastline and may have found this species, belonging to a genus of more than 25 cold temperate to arctic species (and likely some other creatures, because Miers in 1881 published "On a small collection of Crustacea made by Edward Whymper, Esq., chiefly in the N. Greenland Seas").

Lacking information about Wiasemski in the heliozoan name Acanthocystis wiasemskii Ostroumoff, 1917.

Dr. Daniel E. Wickham, 19??-, Bodega Marine Laboratory, University of California, US nemertean worker, now likely retired [Carcinonemertes wickhami Shields & Kuris, 1990, the gastropod name Turbonilla wickhami Dall & Bartsch, 1909 must honour another namesake, likely Prof. Henry Frederick Wickham, (26 Oct. - Shrewton, England) 1866-1933 (17 Nov.), Iowa State Univ., entomologist (Coleoptera worker), who collected several samples for the US National Museum].

Dr. John F. Wickins, 19??-, who graduated in zoology from Southampton Univ. in 1966, must be the honoured person in the parasitic nematod name Capillaria wickinsi Ogden, 1965. He worked primarily on crustacean farming, but took an early retirement from his working place, the Conwy Laboratory of the Centre for Fisheries, Environment and Aquaculture Science, before this laboratory was closed in Dec. 1999, put also published on parasitic fauna in plaice, in which species this parasite occurs

Prof. Dr. Mary K. Wicksten, 19??-, Texas A&M University decapodologist.

Dr. Felix Wiedenmayer, 1932-, is curator of paleontology at the Basel Museum, Switzerland. His monographs on the sponges of the Bahamas (1997) and South Australia (1989), as well as a recent overview of fossil sponge spicules (1994), are impressive for their detailed and accurate descriptions [Agelas wiedenmayeri Alcolado, 1984, Xestospongia wiedenmayeri Van Soest, 1980]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

The gastropod name Cymatium wiegmanni Anton, 1839 is not likely honouring the German pharmacist Prof. Arend Joachim Friedrich Wiegmann, (30 Mar. - Hadersleben) 1770-1853 (12 Mar.), working on genetics, but more probably his better-known son, Prof. Dr. Arend Friedrich August Heinrich Wiegmann, (2 June) 1802-1841 (15 Jan. - Berlin (tbc)), who published an influential and now seldom-seen Handbuch der Zoologie in 1832. Even more important, in 1835, Wiegmann began the Archiv für Naturgeschichte, an influential journal for over 100 years, ending only in World War II (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information). The German malacologist Carl Arend Friedrich Wiegmann, 1836-1901, was the son of A.F.A.H. W.

Dr. Georg Julius Wienecke, (24 July - Nordhausen, Thüringen, Germany) 1821-1884 (24 Feb.), studied medicine in Germany and lived in Coblenz, but in 1849 he left Germay for medical service of the Netherlands East Indian army in Harderwijk, Gelderland and the same year he was transported to East India. With the exception of two shorter breaks in Europe, he stayed there until 1871, when he finally returned to Holland, having become a Dutch citizen in 1858. During his time in East India, he collected many specimens, which he sent to Dutch and German museums, e.g. Palinurellus wieneckii (De Man, 1880).

Prof. Antoni Wierzejski (or Wierzejsky), (3 May - Rock Zbrucz) 1843-1916 (9 Aug. - Krakow), Krakow, Polish spongiologist, who published 13 articles (totally 558 pages) on sponges [Encentrum wierzejskii Tschaschel, 1979, Wierzejskiella Wiszniewski, 1934, Attheyella wierzejskii (Mrázek, 1893)].

Lacking information about Wiese in the copepod name Ectinosoma wiesei Smirnov, 1932.

Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Wieser, (5 July - Wien) 1924-, Austrian nematodologist,who started his career on nematodes, working up the Lund University Chile Expedition material, later working in Innsbruck [Wieserella, Leptastacus wieseri Chappuis, 1958, Wieseria Gerlach, 1956, Wiesoncholaimus Inglis, 1966, Wieserius Chitwood & Murphy, 1964, Odontophora wieseri Luc & de Coninck, 1959, Synonema wieseri Jensen, 1989].

Hans Wiesner, 18??-19??, Wien, published on foraminiferans during the 1920s and early -30s, but not later, so he may have died during the 1930s or during WW II. [Biloculinella wiesneri (Le Calvez, J. & Y., 1958), Veleroninoides wiesneri (Parr, 1950), Amphifenestrella wiesneri Rhumbler, 1935, Parafissurina wiesneri Parr, 1950].

The algal name Naccaria wiggii (Turner, 1802) Endlicher, 1836 is named for the English algologist Mr. Lilly Wigg, (25 Dec. - Smallburgh, Norfolk) 1749-1828 (29 Mar. - Great Yarmouth).

The bacillariophycean name Chaetoceros wighamii Brightwell 1856 was named for the author's friend Mr. Wigham of Norwich, who is mentioned by Landsborough 1852. This was not the fossil collector and geological writer James Bagnett Wigham, 1814?-1851, but his father, Robert Wigham, (6 Jan. - Whitley Head, Tanfield, Durham) 1785-1855 (15 Feb. - Norwich area), working in the tobacca business, an eager hobby naturalist, mainly with entomological and botanical interests.

Dr. Robert Wight, (6 July - Milton) 1796-1872 (26 May - Grazeley Lodge, at Reading), was a Scottish surgeon and botanist. He spent 30 years in India, i.a. as director of the Botanic Garden in Madras. He collected several new species of algae, which were described by Greville (q.v.) and J. Agardh (q.v.).

Dr. Roland L. Wigley, 192?-, of the Benthic Laboratory Northern Marine Fisheries, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, collected in 1960 part of the type materialet of Spiophanes wigleyi Pettibone,1962 along Massachusetts [Protohaustorius wigleyi Bousfield, 1965, Hemiproto wigleyi McCain, 1968, Chiridota wigleyi Larson and Roughley, in Larson, Alarie & Roughley, 2000, Phyllosheila wigleyi Pettibone, 1961].

Wigram : (see Katharine (Jane Douglas)).

Wijnhoff : (see Stiasny).

Lacking information about Wiktoria in the diatom name Chamaepinnularia wiktoriae (Witkowski & Lange-Bertalot in Witkowski, 1994), but perhaps somebody from Poland, because of the initial W, which is used instead of V in Poland.

Lacking informmation about Wilbert in the foraminiferan name Haplophragmoides wilberti Andersen, 1953. N. Wilbert (below) was likely too young at the time of the description.

Prof. Dr. Norbert Wilbert, 19??-, Univ. of Bonn, Germany, retired in 2004, is honoured in the ciliate names Holostichides wilberti (Song,1990) and Pelagostrobilidium wilberti G. C. Küppersi, E. C. Loprettoi, M. C. Claps, 2006.

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James Fowler Wilcox, (2 Feb. - Somersetshire) 1823-1881 (11 July - South Grafton). His family moved to Sydney the same year as he was born. He worked onboard the HMS "Rattlesnake" on its expedition 1847-50 in Australian seas and had earlier been a naturalist on board HMS "Blazer". He was a general collector and is commemorized in the plant name Pleiococca wilcoxiana F. v. M.

Izaak Anthonie Jacobus de Wilde, (29 Oct. - Poortvliet) 1877-1955 (2 Aug. - Haarlem), Dutch Malacologist.

The Mediterranean fish name Gouania wildenowi (Risso, 1810) must, despite the odd spelling, be a tribute to the Berlin botanist Prof. Karl Ludwig Willdenow, (22 Aug. - Berlin) 1765-1812 (10 July - Berlin), who was one of the founders of plant geography, because his name was sometimes spelled Wildenow (with a single l). von Humboldt (q.v.) was one of his disciples.

William Wilder, 18??-1920 (July - Honolulu), US Malacologist.

The Canary Island brown algal name Cystoseira wildpretii Nizamuddin, 1995 must likely be a tribute to Prof. Dr. Wolfredo Wildpret e la Torre, 1933-,Instituto de Estudios Canarios. La Laguna, now retired. He is a great grand-grandson of Hermann Wildpret, (5 Oct. - Hot Bach) 1834-1908 (19 Dec. - Santa Cruz, Teneriffa), a Swiss gartner and botanist, who in 1856 arrived to Teneriffa and stayed and worked there for the rest of his life.

Wilfred : (see Sparks).

Prof. Julius Franz Wilhelmi, 1880-1937, German "Professor für Hygiene" and platyhelminth researcher, who during the second decade of the 20:th century also wrote papers on entomology [Sabussowia wilhelmii Ball, 1973, Monocelis wilhelmii von Graff, 1911].

The gastropod name Mitrolumna wilhelminae van Aartsen, Menkhorst & Gittenberger, 1984 is not named after a person, but after the "Pedagogical Academy Queen Wilhelmina", in short "the Wilhelmina", where the second author i.e. H.P.M.G. Menkhorst has been employed for many years. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv Univ., kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Ulrike Wilke, 19??-, who published on Mediterranean gastrotrichs in 1954, in the gastrotrichan name Heteroxenotrichula wilkeae Ruppert, 1979.

Charles Wilkes : (see Dana).

Sir George Hubert Wilkins, (31 Oct. - Mount Bryan East, South Australia) 1888-1958 (30 Nov. - Famingham, Mass.), from South Australia, leader of the British Wilkins' Northern Australia Expedition, 1923-1925, is likely the person honoured in the caridean name Caridinides wilkinsi Calman, 1926. In 1913 he also took part in Vilhjalmar Stefansson's (q.v.) expedition to Arctic Canada and in 1928-30 he made two Antarctic expeditions. During the Turk-Bulgarian war, he was the first photographer to take movable film pictures from the air (in a hydrogen gas ballon in 1912). The body of this adventurer was buried at the North Pole in 1959.

Guy Lawrence Wilkins, 1905-1957 (7 Mar. - London), British Malacologist, who trained as a commercial artist, when he joined the staff of the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) in 1949, but had long been a keen amateur malacologist, when he started there and had achieved a good private malacological library.

The amphipod name Gammarus wilkitzkii Birula, 1897 is likely honouring the Russian naval officer Boris Andreyevich Vilkitski (Wilkitski), (22 Mar.) 1885-1961 (6 Mar. - Brussels), who in 1915 becamme the first person to travel the North East Passage from west to east and earlier had discovered the Zvernaya Zemlya., meaning north land. After having emigrated to the British Isles in 1920, he later took part in commercial expeditions in the Kara Sea during the 1930s and later he was employed as a hydrographer in the Belgian Congo.

Prof. Johann Georg Friedrich Will, (Bayreuth) 1815-1868 (Erlangen), Univ. of Erlangen, was a student of Rudolph Wagner (q.v.) and Carl von Siebold (q.v.). From 1848 he was Professor of Zoology (in Medical Faculty) at the University of Erlangen, until his death, when Ernst Ehlers (q.v.) took his place. Edward Forbes (1846) named the medusa genus Willsia in honor of Wills' 1844 study of Adriatic medusae. Will also described the parasitic copepod Staurosoma in 1844. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Dr. Richard C. Willan, 1952-, malacologist, particularly opisthobranchs and bivalves. Born in Auckland, New Zealand. Completed tertiary education at the University of Auckland, where he was supervised by Dr. Michael C. Miller for M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees. In 1980 he moved to the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, to teach in the Zoology Department. In 1992 he moved to the Northern Territory Museum, Darwin, Australia, to take up the Curatorship of Molluscs. He is honoured in the nudibranch names Cadlina willani Miller, 1980, Chromodoris willani Rudman, 1982, Phyllidia willani Brunckhorst, 1993 & Cuthona willani Cervera, Garcia-Gomez & Lopez-Gonzalez, 1992, and in the polychaete name Australonoe willani Hanley, 1993. (Dr. Willan kindly provided this information on 7 September 2005).

Colonel Joseph Willcox, (11 Aug. - Concord, Pennsylvania) 1829-1918 (30 Sep. - Philadelphia), was a paper manufacturer antil the age of 38, when he retired to devote his time at science, associated with the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences [Aplysia willcoxi Heilprin, 1886].

Dr. Mary Alice Willcox, 1856-1953, US Malacologist.

Karl Ludwig Willdenow : (see the odd spelling Wildenow).

Prof. Johan Nordahl Fischer Wille, (28 Oct. - Hobøl, Østfold) 1858-1924 (4 Feb. - Kristiania), green algae specialist, arriving - after a few years in Stockholm - to the Norwegian Agricultural College in 1889 as a teacher, four years later becoming professor in Oslo [Chlorochytrium willei Printz.]. The arctic sea star Tylaster willei Danielssen & Koren, 1881, is likely not in honour of this Wille, but the captain of the ship Vøringen (The Norwegian North Atlantic Expedition 1876-78) (q.v. under expeditions) Carl Frederik Wille, (Trondheim) 1830-1913 (Horten?), who also acted as the hydrographer of the expedition. C.F. Wille was a yonger son of Peter Frederik Suhm Wille, 1796-18??, (still living - in Christiania - in 1876) and his wife Elisabeth, while C,F. Wille's elder brother Hans Wille, 1816-18??, who was involved in producing Norwegian sea charts, was dead before 1876.

Prof. Dr. Victor Willem, 1866-1952, Belgian zoologist from Gent; the parasitic copepod Splanchnotrophus willemi Canu, 1891 was first described from the nudibranch Facelina coronata by his friend, Eugène Canu (q.v.). He became Prof. Em. in 1936. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

The Caribbean mollusca name Engina willemsae de Jong & Coomans, 1988 is in honour of Mrs. Ineke Peeters-Willems, 19??-, shell collector in Aruba.

Dr. Rudolf von Willemoës-Suhm, (11 Sep. - Glückstadt) 1847-1875 (13 Sep. - on board the Challenger), German zoologist (with Danish family traditions) from Bonn, who had received his PhD in 1870 under Carl T. von Siebold (q.v.), who very early found out about the young man's capacity and became his friend, at the University of München (Munich) on "Uber einige Trematoden und Nemathelminthen", which he defended at the Univ. of Göttingen, where he had studied from April 1869. Then he studied marine invertebrates (mainly decapods) at Kiel, where he became a friend of prof. Kupffer (q.v.). After service in the Franco-Prussian War, he was on a cruise in the North Sea and met Wyville Thomson (q.v.), who asked him to be the Zoologist on the Challenger Expedition (1872-1876) (because one of the naturalists Thomson had selected for the circumnavigation, Dr. (medical professor from 1877) William Stirling, (26 Jan. - Grangemouth, Stirlingshire) 1851-1932 (1 Oct. - Manchester), Univ. of Edinburgh, had changed his mind) , making the expedition "international," but sadly, von Willemoes-Suhm died (of erysipelas) on the stretch from Hawaii to Tahiti. His letters from the Challenger were collected as a book, "Challenger-Briefe", published by his mother Mathilde in Leipzig in 1877, and is among the rarest of the publications resulting from that expedition. His mother died in January 1907. [Willemoesia Grote, 1873, Tetrastemma suhmi (Bürger, 1904), Langitanais willemoesi (Studer, 1883), Culeolus suhmi Herdman, 1881, Corynascidia suhmi Herdman, 1882, Bonellia suhmi Selenka, 1885, Stylocheiron suhmi G.O. Sars, 1883, Galiteuthis suhmi (Hoyle, 1885), Stereomastis suhmi (Bate, 1878), Myzostoma willemoesii von Graff, 1884]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided some of this information).

Dr. Kris A. Willems, 19??-, Univ. of Gent, Belgium, a copepodologist colleague of the authors of the harpacticoid name Willemsia Huys & Conry-Dalton, 1993.

The gastropod name Engina willemsae de Jong & Coomans, 1988 is in honour of Mrs. Ineke Peeters-Willems, 19??-, shell collector in Aruba.

Mr. George Willett, (28 May) 1879-1945 (2 Aug.), Curator of Ornithology in the Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, but also author of some mollusc taxa. He lived and collected in SE Alaska between 1912-1929. [Epitonium willetti Strong & Hertlein, 1937, Lepidozona willetti S. S. Berry, 1917, Cerithiopsis willetti Bartsch, 1921, Turritella willetti J.H. McLean, 1970, Willettia Gordon, 1939, Antiplanes willetti Berry, 1953, Suavodrillia willetti Dall, 1919, Turbonilla willetti A.G. Smith & M. Gordon, 1948, Scaphander willetti Dall, 1919, Astarte willetti Dall, 1917]. (Don Cunningham kindly provided his dates).

Prof. Dr. Arthur Willey, (9 Oct. - Scarborough, England) 1867-1942 (26 Dec. - Montreal), British-Canadian zoologist, who mainly worked on copepods and e.g. published "Convergence in evolution" in 1911, but also published on polychaetes annd cephalopods (Nautilus) and his first love had been tunicates and cephalochordates. He had been influenced by is teacher E.R. Lankester (q.v.) to become a zoologist. His first academic post was at Columbia Univ., New York between 1892-94, later at Cambridge Univ., working i.a. in New Guinea and other Pacific islands on Nautilus. He never succeded with the development of their eggs, as he had hoped , but returned to Cambridge in 1897 with lots of other collections. In 1902 he was appointed Director of the Colombo Museum, Ceylon and he stayed there until 1909, when he was appointed Head of the dep. of zoology at the McGill Univ., Montreal, staying in this duty until Apr, 1940, when he became severely ill and died two and a half years later. [Willeyia Punnett, 1903, Anchistiodes willeyi (Borradaile, 1899), Coeloplana willeyi Abbott, 1902, Cladopsammia willeyi (Gardiner, 1899), Notoplana willeyi Jacubowa, 1906, Stereobalanus willeyi (Ritter, 1904), Nicolea willeyi Caullery, 1944, Halgerda willeyi Eliot, 1904]. Obituary by A.G. Huntsman 1848 in: Proc. Roy. Soc. Can. Ser.3, 37, App. B: 95-98.

Lacking information about William in the gastropod genus name Williamia Monterosato, 1884. This name is so common, so it is impossible to guess, but of course there is i small possibility that Monterosato thought of William H. Dall (q.v.), when naming this species.

Lacking information about William in the gastropod name Cerodrillia williami Bartsch, 1943, but possibly the US malacologist Gilbert M. William, 1917-, may be the honoured person? Another possibility may be another US malacologist James Steele William, 1896-1957, but perhaps more likely may be that Bartsch honoured his former colleague William H. Dall (q.v.), whom he succeded?

Lacking information about William in the polychaete name Scolelepis williami (de Silva, 1961).

Dr. Henry Harford (Haffie) Williams, 19??-, parasitologist at the National Museum of Wales [Paralepidapedon williamsi Bray & Gibson, 1988, Echeneibothrium williamsi Carvajal & Dailey, 1975, Phyllobothrium williamsi Schmidt, 1986, Echinobothrium harfordi McVicar, 1976].

Dr. Austin Beatty Williams, (17 Oct.) 1919-1999 (27 Oct.), research staff member of the Systematics Laboratory, National Marine Fisheries Service, based at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. He had a distinguished career spanning five decades, covering the taxonomy, systematics, biogeography, and evolution of various decapod groups, both Fossil and Recent. Although he published numerous important papers, he is probably best known for his invaluable and widely used "Marine decapod crustaceans of the Carolinas" (1965), and its updated version "Shrimps, lobsters, and crabs of the Atlantic coast of the eastern United States" (1984). He was an active member of several professional societies [Agostocaris williamsi Hart & Manning, 1986, Plesionika williamsi Forest, 1974].

Dr. John Michael Williams, 1838-1925, British Malacologist.

Milo Woodbridge Williams, 1917-, photographer, Greenville, NC, provided specimens of Mactra williamsi Berry, 1960 [Woodbridgea williamsi Berry, 1953, likely Siphonaria williamsi Berry, 1969].

Dr. Gary C. Williams, 19??-, PhD at Univ. of Cape Town in 1987, Department of Invertebrate Zoology, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, is an octocoral researcher.

The shrimp Alpheus williamsi A.J. Bruce, 1994, is named for a collector-technician, Rex Williams, 19??-, at the Northern Territory Museum, Darwin, Australia. (Dr. A.J. Bruce kindly provided this information).

The physician couple Dr. & Mrs. Richard Kennon Williams, 1923/24-, donors of the holotype of Teramachia williamsorum Rehder, 1972 at the Smithsonian Institution.

Dr. Suzanne T. Williams, 1968-, PhD in 1997 at James Cook Univ., Australian marine researcher working on questions of the borderlines between species and identifying cryptic species, using the combination of molecules and morphology, especially in molluscs.

The polychatologist (Terebellomorpha specialist) Dr. Susan J. Williams, 19??-, Allan Hancock Foundation, USA, is honoured in the polychaete name Terebellides williamsae Jirkov, 1989 . (This name is however likely a synonym of T. gracilis Malm, 1874). Likely the same person is honoured also in Aphelochaeta williamsae J.A. Blake, 1996 and perhaps also in Lepidonotopodium williamsae Pettibone, 1984.

Lacking information about Williams in the actinian name Cribrinopsis williamsi Carlgren O., 1940. Possibly the eponym may honour George Williams, 1???-19??, who in 1933 was appointed assistent to Prof. Theodore Thomson Flynn, (11 Oct. - Coraki, New South Wales) 1883-1968 (23 Oct. - a nursing home in Liss, Hampshire), (the film actor Errol's father) at Queens Univ., Ireland [Hololepidella flynni Benham, 1921, Pycnothea flynni G. Williams, 1940], and conducted several undergraduate field courses in marine biology. In 1954 he published a fauna list which included several of the findings from the Portaferry Marine Biology Laboratory. Williams retired in 1968 after having worked at the Department of Zoology from 1930. In 1977 he and his wife Mollie established a research fund associated with the Queen's University. The species is however distributed in Alaska, so an US (or Canadian) Williams is a more likely person, but who? Flynn grew up in Australia and studied at the Univ. of Sydney, married in 1909 (to one of the Bounty mutineers' descendants) and moved in 1911 to Tasmania, but left for London in September 1930 and next summer he took up a chair at Queen's Univ., Belfast, then also becoming director of the Portaferry Marine Laboratory, and retired in 1948, moving to Surrey, England.

L.T. Williams, 19??-, is honoured in the Caribbean sea urchin name Lytechinus williamsi R.H. Chesher, 1968, because he provided his boat and hospitality for the investigations of the echinoid fauna of the Atlantic reefs of Panama.

Lacking information about Williams in the New Zealand gastropod name Uttleya williamsi A. W. B. Powell, 1952. Possibly T. Walley Williams, 1910-1985, US malacologist, but more likely honouring a New Zealand Williams, but who?

Dr. Thomas Williams, 1819-1865, M.D. at London Univ. in 1840, Physician to the Swansea Infirmary, British microscopist and polychaete worker, who published on these animals in 1852 and also published on breathing in invertebrates.

The oniscoid isopod name Philoscia williamsi Van Name, 1924 is in honour of Harrison Charles Williams, (16 Mar. - Avon, OH) 1873-1953 (10 Oct. - New York city), US entepreneur and multi-millionaire, who in 1923 sponsored a Galápagos expedition led by William Beebe (q.v.) and later together with Vincent Astor & Marshall Field financed Beebe's expedition to the Sargasso Sea and in 1926 an expedition to Greenland led by Putnam (q.v.). The W American (Gulf of California to Chile) shrimp Hippolyte williamsi Schmitt, 1924 was likely also taken by this expedition.

The tanaid name Typhlotanais williamsae Dojiri & Sieg, 1997, must likely be a tribute to Isabelle P. Williams, 19??-, Woods Hole Oceanogaphic Institution, who has published much on Tanaidacea.

Prof. Dr. Ernest (Bert) H. Williams, jr., 19??-, [likely Caecidotea williamsi Escobar-Briones & Alcocer, 2002, also some copepods, flukes etc. are dedicated to him] & Dr. Lucy Bunkley-Williams, around 1950-, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, are both working on isopodology, parasitology, etc.

Lacking information about Williams in the Californian polychaete names Euzonus williamsi (Hartman, 1938) & Phyllodoce williamsii (Hartman, 1936).

Synasterope williamsae Kornicker, 1986 is named for Mrs. Vernetta M. Williams, 19??-, Smithsonian Institution, who has assisted the author in preparing slides.

Dr. Jeffrey Taylor Williams, 1953-, co-Collection Manager of the Division of Fishes at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, who also has taken a lot of SCUBA pictures of tropical fishes [Entomacrodus williamsi Springer & Fricke, 2000, Luzonichthys williamsi Randall and McCosker, 1992 (an anthiine fish), Enneapterygius williamsi Fricke, 1997 (a triplefin fish), Taeniacanthus williamsi Dojiri & Cressey, 1987 (a parasitic copepod)].

Possibly is somebody named G. Williamson hidden in the name Bathyporeia guilliamsoniana (Bate,1856). Who was he? Could it be George Williamson, who published "Observations on the human crania ..." in 1857 (Dublin) or does any probable Guilliamson exist?

Dr. William Crawford Williamson, (24 Nov. - Scarborough, Yorkshire) 1816-1895 (23 June - Clapham), physician of Manchester published "On the recent Foraminifera of Great Britain" in 1858. He is else more well-known as a pioneer in studying fossil plants [Rosalina williamsoni (Chapman & Parr, 1932), Oolina williamsoni (Alcock, 1865), Laryngosigma williamsoni (Terquem, 1878), Elphidium williamsoni Haynes, 1973, Pyrgo williamsoni (Silvestri, 1923)].

The gastropod name Vitrinella williamsoni Dall, 1892, is, despite its mascular ending, named for the Californian researcher Martha Burton Woodhead Williamson, 1843-1922, Los Angeles, who published on Mitridae. She was born in England, but followed her parents at an early age to USA (Ohio).

The gastropod name Turrancilla williamsoni Petuch, 1987 is in honour of Dr. Peter Williamson, 19??-, palaeomalacologist of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Bette L. Willis, 1951-, James Cook Univ., is honoured in the sleractinian name Acropora (Acropora) willisae Veron & Wallace, 1984.

Lacking information about Willmer in the tunicate name Corella willmeriana Herdman, 1898, distributed from S Alaska to S California, but possibly a tribute to Miss J.H. Willmer, 18??-1???, Univ. College, Liverpool, who worked in Herdman's laboratory in 1890, to whom Herdman was very thankful for all help she had given him.

Lacking information about Willows in the collembol name Willowsia Shoebotham, 1917.

Calliostoma muriellae Vilvens, 2001 is named for Murielle Willox, 19??-, Belgian assistant collection manager of the shell dealer and collector Guido Poppe (q.v.). (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Francis Willughby, (22 Nov. - Middleton, Warwickshire) 1635-1672 (3 July - Middleton Hall), early collector of natural history objects. He was a disciple, friend and patron of John Ray (q.v.).

Lacking information about Wilma in the gastropod name Manzonia wilmae Moolenbeek & Faber, 1987.

Lieut.-Col. Lewis Worthington Wilmer, (25 Sep. - Naples) 1838-1923 (8 Jan. - Isle of Wight), UK shell collector [Gyrineum wilmeriana Preston, 1908].

Edward Wils, 19??-, considered the father of post-war flemish conchology in Belgium. Co-founder of the club Gloria Maris and expert in Conidae. [Calliotropis wilsi Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006, Conus wilsi Delsaerdt, 1998, Trochus wilsi Pickery, 1989, Costellaria wilksi Buijse & Dekker, 1990]. (G. Poppe kindly provided most of this information).

Lacking information about Wilson in the monogenean name Loimosina wilsoni Manter, 1944, but possibly a tribute to C.B. Wilson (below)?

Wilson in the cestodan name Tetrabothrius wilsoni (Leiper & Atkinson, 1914) : (see Terra Nova expedition, 1910-).

Lacking information about Wilson in the nematode names Parapinnanema wilsoni Inglis, 1969 and Wilsonema Cobb, 1913.

Dr. George "Buz" D.F. Wilson, (29 Jan.) 1947-, published in 1987 on "Crustacean communities of the manganese nodule province ...". He achieved his B.A.with distinction, Indiana University; M.Sc., Ph.D. at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla CA, USA. He is a specialist in Isopod systematics but interested in Arthropod phylogeny and deep-sea biodiversity and is currently Principal Research Scientist at the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, Australian Museum, Sydney. He is honoured in the isopod name Bellibos buzwilsoni Haugsness & Hessler, 1979 [Collettea wilsoni Larsen, 1999].

Lacking information about Wilson in the New Zealand gastropod name Alcithoe wilsonae (Baden Powell, 1933).

Lacking information about Wilson in the scleractinian name Symphyllia wilsoni Veron, 1985, but possibly a tribute to B.R. Wilson (below)?.

Barbara Wilson, 19??-, provided specimens of Prionovolva pudica wilsoniana Cate, 1973

Dr. Barry Robert Wilson, 1935-, curator of mollusks at the Western Australian Mus., Perth [Haustellum wilsoni D'Attilio & Old, 1971, Strombus wilsoni Abbott, 1967, Vasticardium wilsoni (Voskuil & Onverwagt, 1991)].

Prof. Dr. Charles Branch Wilson, (20 Oct. - Exeter, Maine) 1861-1941 (18 Aug.), U.S. copepodologist, living in Westfield, Massachusetts. Mainly working on copepods from the Woods Hole area [Taeniacanthus wilsoni A. Scott, 1929, Wilsonidius Tanaka, 1969, Pholetiscus wilsoni (Pearse, 1930), Tisbe wilsoni Sewell, 1928, Paranychocamptus wilsoni Coull, 1976, Chondracanthus wilsoni Ho, 1971, Cancricola wilsoni Pearse, 1930, Protopsammotopa wilsoni Wells, 1977, likely Rhizothrix wilsoni Bodin, 1979, likely Kliopsyllus wilsoni (Krishnaswamy, 1957] (see also Rathbun).

Dr. Douglas Patrick Wilson, (Manchester) 1902-1991 (18 Dec.), British zoologist at the Plymouth laboratory, mainly working on polychaetes and a pioneer photographer of marine creatures [Wilsoniella Pettibone, 1993, Magelona wilsoni Glémarec, 1966].

Prof. Dr. H.V. (Henry Van Peters) Wilson, (16 Feb. - Baltimore) 1863-1939 (4 Jan.), spongiologist, who published more than 1,000 pages on sponges. He was Prof. of biologi at the Univ. of North Carolina from 1894 and had been educated by W.K. Brooks (q.v) at the Johns Hopkins University. He had begun to study sponges during the 1890s and spent most of 1902-03 in Berlin in von Schulze's (q.v.) laboratory and learned more about sponges.

Acanthochiton wilsoni Sykes and Ischnochiton wilsoni E. R. Sykes, 1896 (described from Victoria) were named for John Bracebridge Wilson, (13 Sep. - Topcroft, Norfolk, England) 1828-1895 (22 Oct - Geelong, from goat), FLS from 1882, who arrived in Australia in Nov. 1857, headmaster at Geelong Grammar School (Victoria, Australia), collector of shells, bryozoans, etc.. The bryozoan genus Bracebridgia is of course also honouring him and likely also the bryozoans Amathia wilsoni Kirkpatrick, 1888 and Beania wilsoni MacGillivray, 1885. Likely also Callochiton wilsoni T. Iredale & A. F. Hull, 1929 was named for him? (Dr. Phil Bock kindly added one of the eponyms).

Mildred Evelyn Stratton Wilson, (25 Apr. - Oregon) 1909-1973 (6 Aug.), following her parents to the state of Washington around 1921, started her career as a teacher, but happened to visit Puget Sound Biological Station (now the Friday Harbor Laboratories) on a few occations and became interested in biology (and also met her husband to be, Charles S. Wilson). She married in 1934 in California and began studying biology two years later (invertebrate morphology under Prof. Dr. Sol Felty Light, (5 Mar. - Elm Mills, Kansas) 1886-1947 (21 June - drowned in Clear Lake, California), (who had worked at the Univ. of Philippines between 1912-22 and then two years at the Univ. of Amoy, China, before his time at the Univ. of California, Berkeley) [Oligochinus lighti J.L. Barnard, 1969, Anthessius lighti Illg, 1960, Styelicola lighti Illg & Dudley, 1980, Diadumene lighti Hand C., 1956]). Still two years later she became a research assistent to Light, curating his entomostracan - especially copepod - collections. In 1938 she moved to Washington D.C., where her husband worked, and recommended by Light, she started working on copepods at the USNM. However, in 1947 she moved to Anchorage, Alaska, following her husband, but kept studying copepods for the rest of her life, informally being affiliated with USNM [Lubbockia wilsonae Heron & Damkaer, 1969].

Lacking information about Wilson in the Australian crinoid name Aporometra wilsoni (F.J. Bell, 1888) - described from Port Philip Bay, Victoria, but perhaps a tribute to John Bracebridge Wilson (above)? One or another of Australian taxon names may, however, possibly honour Dr. Robin Wilson, 19??-, Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia.

The copepod name Laophonte wiltoni T. Scott, 1912 was named in compliment to Mr. D.W. Wilton, "one of the naturalists who took part in the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition". This person was David Walter Wilton, (Russia) 1873-1940 (10 Jan. - Chertsey, Surrey), zoologist of the Scotia expedition in 1902-04, who like the expedition leader Bruce (q.v.) earlier had been a member of the Jackson-Harmsworth Expedition to Franz Josef Land 1896-97 and had lived as a child in N Russia, where he had learned skiing and sledging. He went to school in Norfolk and between the two expeditions, which he took part in, he had read zoology in Edinburgh. Some time after 1910, he became a King's Messenger based in London, until he died.

Wim : (see Vader).

Ronald Winckworth, (12 July - Brighton) 1884-1950 (6 Sep. - South Norwood, Surrey), British malacologist, who particularly was interested in nomenclatural problems. He was one of the two secretaries of the Royal Society and FLS from 1935 onwards and had a huge malacological library. He was very interested in persons connected to malacology and knew most about them. Beside malacology he appreciated anything connected with the sea and sailing and was a good swimmer. [Macrochlaena winckworthi Robson, 1929, Octopus winckworthi Robson, 1926, Latiaxis winckworthi Fulton, 1930, Vesicomya winckworthi Prashad, 1932, Solemya winckworthi Prashad, 1932, Tellina winckworthi Salisbury, 1934, Sepia winckworthi Adam, 1939, Erosaria turdus winckworthi Schilder & Schilder, 1939, Otinodoris winckworthi White, 1948, Tropidophora winckworthi Fischer-Piette, 1949]. The military surgeon Colonel Dr. Harold Charles Winckworth, (13 Aug. - Brighton) 1878-1947 (23 Oct. - Seyshelles), who also was a malacologist and fond of playing lawn tennis and violoncell music (and every kind of chamber music), was an older brother and Ronald, who visited his brother in the Seyshelles, where the brother a few years earlier had purchased a house (he had earlier visited him in India, when the brother was on duty there), during the time the brother died, wrote an obituary in Journal of Conchology [Ischnochiton winckworthi Leloup, 1936, Pleurobranchus winckworthi White, 1946, Euselenops winckworthi Satyamurti, 1946].

Prof. Dr. Karl Georg Wingstrand, (2 Mar. - Stenum, close to Skara) 1919-1992 (2 Nov.), Swedish zoologist, who moved to Denmark and held a professorship in zoology in København [Wingstrandarctus Kristensen, 1984].

The gastropod name Chicoreus winifredae Vokes, 1995 must likely be a tribute to Mrs. Winifred Gibson Smith, 19??-, wife of Jack Gibson Smith, malacological collectors living in Caracas, Venezuela, later in Surrey, England (see Gibson Smith).

Lacking information about Winkelmann in the oligochaete name Limnodriloides winkelmanni Michaelsen, 1914.

Rev. Henry W. Winkley, (24 Mar. - Boston, Massachusetts) 1858-1918 (4 Feb. - Denvers, Massachusetts), Rector at Newton, Massachusetts, New Brunswick, Maine and Branford, Connecticut, collected i.a. Pyramidellids, and is honoured in the gastropod name Odostomia winkleyi Bartsch, 1909.

Winona : (see Vernberg).

Lacking information about Winslow in the Callianassid name Glypturus winslowi (Edmondson, 1944) from Maui, Hawaii. The US malacologist Mina L. Winslow, 1890-1982, is likely not the honoured person and the bacteriologist Prof. Charles-Edward Amory Winslow, (4 Feb. - Boston) 1877-1957 (8 Jan.), biological department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is likely not either the honoured person, more likely a local Hawaii Winslow.

Dr. Richard Winterbottom, 19??-, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, is an ichthyologist.

Wirén : (see Gustafson).

M.A. Wirketiss published on plankton (in Russian) between the 1920s to at least the 1950s and must likely be the honoured person in the harpacticoid name Tisbe wirketissae Tschislenko, 1967.

Dr. Peter Wirtz, 1948-, Universidade da Madeira, Funchal, Madeira, is honoured in the shrimp names Periclimenes wirtzi d'Udekem-d'Acoz, 1996 & Pseudocoutierea wirtzi d'Udekem-d'Acoz, 2000, in the polychaete name Lygdamis wirtzi Nishi & Nunez, 2000, in the cerianthipatharian name Tanacetipathes wirtzi Opresko, 2001 and in the fish name Wheelerigobius wirtzi P.J. Miller, 1988.

The diatom name Amphora wisei (Salah, 1955) Simonsen, 1962 is likely a tribute to the algae worker Frederick Clunie Wise, 1884-1962.

Lacking information about Wiser in the gastropod names Putzeysia wiseri Calcara, 1842 and Calliostoma wiseri (Calcara, 1841).

Robert L. Wisner, 19??-, Scripps Institution of Oceanography (where he beagan to work in 1947, so now retired), is honoured in the hagfish name Eptatretus wisneri (Kuo, Huang & Mok , 1994). He was a research technician at SIO, working many years for Carl Hubbs (q.v.), and is an authority on hagfishes and myctophids, and author of numerous publications. (Peter Brueggeman, Director of Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library, kindly provided this information)

Lacking information about Wissel in the coral name Favia wisseli Scheer & Pillai, 1983, but possibly Prof. Christian Wissel, 194?-, of the Univ. of Marburg, originally a physicist, who has published on coral bleeching, but retired in 2005.

W.F. de Wit, (4 Jan.) 1921-99 (21 July), Dutch Malacologist.

The palaeontologist Thomas Henry Withers, 1883-1953, British Museum (Nat. Hist.), London, published on fossil cirripedians from different parts of the world and from the collections at the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) [Euraphia withersi (Pilsbry, 1916), Pisiscalpellum withersi Utinomi, 1958].

Mr. Carl C. Withrow, 19??-198? (named the late in 1986, but lived in 1981), well-known US (St. Petersburg, Florida) shell collector [Trigonaphera withrowi Petit, 1976, Muricopsis withrowi E. H. Vokes & R. Houart, 1986, Scalptia withrowi (Petit, 1976)].

The diatom name Navicula witkowskii Lange-Bertalot, Iserentant & Meteltin in Witkowski & al., 1998 is of course a tribute to the Polish diatom worker Prof. Dr. Jaroslaw Andrzej Witkowski, (Nowe Miasto Lubawskie) 1950-.

Mr. Fritz Herman Paul Wittig, 1???-19??, father of Mrs. Renate Wittig Skinner, 1922-1989, who loaned specimens of Conus wittigi Walls, 1977 to the author.

Witjas in the cephalopod name Pteroctopus witjazi Akimushkin, 1963 and in the myzostomid name Asteromyzostomum witjasi ?,1??? : (See Vitjaz).

Prof. Dr. Veit Brecher Wittrock, (5 May - Holm, Dalsland) 1839-1914 (1 Sep. - Bergelund, Stockholm), Swedish botanist, especially algae researcher. PhD in Uppsala in 1866. He came from the county of Dalsland, but his family was of German stock [Entocladia wittrockii (Wille, 1880) Burrows, 1991, Wittrockiella Wille, 1909].

The polychaete name Polydora wobberi Light, 1970 is in honour of Don R. Wobber, around 1926-, of San Francisco, California. Wobber wrote at least one article on the prey of nudibranch gastropods in 1970 and seems to be a jade sculptor (and diver) living in Pacific Grove. He started his unwerwater photographer career during the 1950s. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Wodjanizki in the sipunculid name Nephasoma wodjanizkii (Murina, 1973).

Otto Wohlberedt, 1870-1945, German Malacologist.

Erich Wohlenberg, 19??-, who published i.a. on diatoms, must likely be the honoured person in the diatom name Sieminskia wohlenbergii (Brockmann, 1950) Metzeltin & Lange-Bertalot.

The diatom name Stenoneis wojtek-kowalskii Witkowski, Lange-Bertalot & Metzelkin, 2000 is dedicated to the author's colleague Dr. Wojciech W.A. Kowalski, 19??-, Agricultural Academy in Szczecin and West Pomeranian University of Technology.

Lacking information about Wolf in the the very small Indo-Pacific cephalopod name (only around 1.5 cm long, likely the smallest Octopus on the planet) Octopus wolfi (Wülker, 1913), but possibly a tribute to the German botanist Prof. Franz Theodor Wolf, (13 Feb. - Bartholomä, Württemberg) 1841-1924 (22 June - Dresden-Plauen), who was professor of geology and mineralogy at the Central University in Quito from 1870. He was honored with the title of state geologist in 1875, when he i.a. collected botany on the Galapagos. After returning to Germany, he was declared a honorary citicen of Equador in 1921.

Dr. Paul S. Wolf, 19??-, US polychaetologist, first recorded specimens of Pisione wolfi San Martin, López & Núñez, 1999. [Parougia wolfi Blake & Hilbig, 1990]

Dr. Douglas A. Wolfe, 1939-, (of Beaufort, North Carolina) collected all known specimens of Drillia (Drillia) wolfei Tippett, 1995. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

Dr. Richard Norris Wolfenden, (18 Jan. - Bolton, Lancashire) 1854-1926 (18 Aug.), British copepod specialist. He achieved his MD in Cambridge in 1884 and worked as a physician, became a disciple and friend of the founder of laryngology, Sir Morell Mackenzie, (7 July) 1837-1892 (3 Feb.), and founded together with him "Journal of Laryngology and Rhinology". Wolfenden, however, became so disappointed, when he felt that his friend Mackenzie unfairly had been publically viciosly attacked over his role in the medical diagnosis and treatment of the German Crown Prince Wilhelm (and Emperor for three months - before he died in June 1888), that Wolfenden left medicine forever. In 1896, soon after Röntgen had discovered the X-rays, Wolfenden started experiment with these. He had also acquired a sailing yacht of around 60 ft, the "Walwin", started dredging around the Orkneys, where he leased a lodge and began X-ray studies on marine invertebrates, mainly echinoderms and large crustaceans. He began monthly cruises during summer months in the Faeroe-Shetland Channel in 1899 until 1905, from 1902 with a new yacht, the around 100 ft "Silver Belle", extending the cruises more Atlantic, including the Azores, Madeira and Gibraltar in 1904-06 and between the Faeroe Banks and Norway in 1907. He sent much of the material from the cruises to different specialists and began himself publishing on radiolarians and copepods, settling later on the second group and during the 1900s he spent much time at the Plymouth Laboratory and the British Museum of Natural History and he also visited the Zoological Station in Naples a few times. In 1910, however, he terminated this part of his life, emigrated to Ontario, Canada, where his brother lived, and started a fruit farm, raising cherries and peaches [Euchaeta wolfendeni Scott, 1909, Anonyx wolfendeni Tattersall, in Wolfenden, 1909, Lucicutia wolfendeni Sewell, 1932]. See also Buchan Henry, the skipper of Wolfenden's yachts.

Wolfer : (see Fowler).

Dr. Torben Lunn Wolff, (21 July) 1919-, Danish isopodologist (PhD on bathyal and abyssal asellotes in 1963) and author on Danish history of biology, at the Zoologisk Museum, København (Copenhagen). He has taken part of several expeditions, e.g. the West African Atlantide in 1945-46 and the circumnavigation with Galathea in 1950-52. [Torbenwolffia Zenkevitch, 1966, Amigdoscalpellum torbenwolffi Zevina, 1981, Nassarius wolffi (Knudsen, 1956) Gnathia wolffi, Siriella wolffi O. Tattersall, 1961, Heteromesus wolffi Chardy, 1974, Munna wolffi Fresi & Mazzella, 1974, Periclimenaeus wolffi A.J. Bruce, 1994, Nuculana wolffi Dell, 1956, Elaphognathia wolffi Müller, Wolffogebia Sakai, 1982, Leviapseudes wolffi (Lang, 1968), Neotanais wolffi Kudinova-Pasternak, 1966, Lagisca torbeni Kirkegaard, 1995, Bopyrissa wolffi Markham, 1978].

Thomas Vernon Wollaston, (9 Mar. - Scotter, Lincolnshire) 1822-1878 (4 Jan. - Teignmouth, Devon), FLS from 1847, British entomologist (specialized in Coleoptera) and malacologist, who worked with material from Madeira (where he stayed the winter 1847-48, returning four times in 1855) and other Atlantic Islands (Canaries 1858 - with J.E. Gray (q.v.) & R.T. Lowe (q.v.) - and 1859 - with Lowe, Cape Verde 1866 - with Gray & Lowe and later to St. Helena together with his wife and Gray). B.A. in Cambridge in 1845. Remained a close friend of C. Darwin (q.v.) despite that his strong religiousity stoppede him to beleive in Darwin's theories. [Antipathella wollastoni (Gray, 1857), Cuspidaria wollastoni E.A. Smith, 1885]; the author of Labidocera wollastoni (Lubbock, 1857), John Lubbock, (30 Apr.) 1834-1913 (28 May), English amateur naturalist, banker and philantropist - ennobled as Lord Avebury - was also essentially an entomologist and a friend of Charles Darwin (his neighbor) [Lubbockia Claus, 1863, Clausia lubbocki Claparède, 1863, Ditrichocorycaeus lubbocki (Giesbrecht, 1891)].

Alf Wollebæk, (8 Jan. - Lier, Buskerud) 1879-1960 (9 Mar. - Oslo), Norwegian polychaetologist, who i.a. published a thick work on northern European Owenids, Terebellomorphs and Serpulids in 1912. He had started as J. Hjort's (q.v.) assistant and was as such an expert on prawn fishery. He followed Hjort to Bergen in 1900, but went to Stockholm as ICES assistant during 1905-07, then back in Bergen and soon starting his more than 40 years long career at the Zoologisk Museum, Oslo. [Lanice wollebaeki Caullery, 1944].

Prof. Dr. Tadeusz Wolski, 1890-1959, honoured in the copepod name Mesochra wolskii Jakubisiak, 1933, was a Polish specialist on Cladocera. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Richard Woltereck, (6 Apr. - Hannover) 1877-1944 (23 Feb. - Seeon), zoologist and philosopher, who founded the journal Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie in 1908, was i.a. working on crustaceans, e.g. amphipods in Leipzig [Nitocra wolterecki Brehm, 1909].

Dr. Herbert Womersley, (10 Apr.) 1889-1962 (14 Oct.), entomologist at the South Australian Museum [Quasimodia womersleyi Sheard, 1936].

Prof. Dr. Hugh Bryan Spencer Womersley, 19??-, phycologist, taxanomist on Australian seaweeds, is honoured in the algal nane Gayliella womersleyi T.O. Cho, Maggs & L. McIvor, 2008. He started publisking already during the 1940s, so he is now retired, but still active.

Searles Valentine Wood, (14 Feb. - Woodbridge, Suffolk) 1798-1880 (26 Oct. - Martlesham, near Woodbridge), from Melton Hall, Suffolk, British geologist and shell collector, who had sailed as a midshipman in the British East India Company's service between 1811-26, but then settled in Hasketon, near Woodbridge. [Caecum searleswoodi Carpenter, 1859, Obesotoma woodiana Møller, 1842, Lora woodiana (Møller, 1842), Verticordia woodii E.A. Smith, 1885, Natica woodi]. Colleague in the "London Clay Club" 1836-47 with Bowerbank (q.v.). His son had for some years been a solicitor in Woodbridge, but later giving up this profession, becoming a geologist, had exactly the same name and lived between 1830-1884.

Dr. William Wood, 1774-1857 (26 May), FRS, FLS, English natural history bookseller, publisher and author of several natural history books, especially on malacology. He left his medical profession as a young surgeon to pursue the life of a malacologist and bookseller.

The British Rev. John George Wood, (21 July) 1827-1889 (3-4 Mar.), published much about natural history, including sea shore animals.

Dr. Forrest Glen(n) Wood, (13 Nov. - South Bend, Indiana) 1918-1992 (17 May - San Diego), curator at Marineland, Florida, cephalopod researcher.

The diatom name Cocconeis woodi Reyes, 1970 was found by Prof. Edward James Ferguson Wood, (23 June - Eagle Junction, Brisbane) 1904-1972 (15 May - Caringbah, by cancer), in 1963 in the sediments in Texas bays. He was an Australian microbiologist, but worked from 1963 during 7 years in Florida.

Dr. Richard George Woodbridge 3rd, (22 feb.) 1917-2001 (2 May), Wilmington, Delaware, USA, organic chemistry worker and amateur conchologist, is honoured in the gastropod names Woodbridgea Berry, 1953 and Marginella woodbridgei Hertlein & Strong, 1951. (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

The fish name Centropyge woodheadi Kuiter, 1998, (a synonym of C. heraldi Woods and Schultz, 1953) is likely a tribute to Phil Woodhead, 19??-, Cairns, underwater photographer.

The late Mrs. Joyce Woodhouse, 19??-19?? (at least living in 1987), is honoured in Cadulus woodhousae Lamprell & Healey, 1998 for her contributions to Australian malacology

The scleractinian name Pocillopora woodjonesi Vaughan,1918 must be a tribute to the British physician and anatomist, Prof. Dr. Frederic Wood-Jones, (23 Jan. London) 1879-1954 (29 Sep. - London, by cancer), who in 1910 had publishes his "Coral and Atolls" and also lived in Egypt and Australia.

Prof. James Wood-Mason, (Dec. - Gloucestershire) 1846-1893 (6 May - at sea on his way home to England, severely sick from Bright's disease, a kidney problem), Scottish zoologist working from 1877 at the Indian Museum at Calcutta, published reports upon collections made from H.M. Indian Marine Survey Steamer 'Investigator' during the season 1893-1894. He had problems with his health during his last years and became severely sick during 1893 and was succeded by Alcock (q.v.) and transported home to Britain. Among zoologists cooperating with him was i.a. Stoliczka (q.v.). Beside marine animals, he also collected Lepidoptera. See also John Anderson [Bathybembyx woodmasoni, E.A. Smith, 1895, Erugosquilla woodmasoni (Kemp 1911), Verum woodmasoni (Annandale, 1906), Rectopalicus woodmasoni (Alcock, 1900), Heterocarpus woodmasoni Alcock, 1901, Coryphaenoides woodmasoni (Alcock, 1890), Ichnopus woodmasoni (Giles 1890), Bopyrione woodmasoni (Chopra 1923), Thalamita woodmasoni Alcock, 1899].

Prof. Dr. Wendell Phillips Woodring, (13 June - Reading, Pennsylvania) 1891-1983 (29 Jan. - Santa Barbara), PhD at Johns Hopkins Univ. in 1916, US paleontologist, mainly working in California [Murex woodringi Clench & Farfante, 1945, Splendrillia woodringi (Bartsch, 1934), Kylix woodringi McLean & Poorman, 1971].

The US ciliate researcher Dr. Lorande Loss Woodruff, (14 July - New York City) 1879-1947 (23 June), PhD at Columbia Univ. in 1905, is honoured in the ciliate name Woodruffia Kahl, 1931. He published mainly on ciliates and a few papers on history of science, but lost his appetite for life a little more than a year before he died, when he became a widower.

Dr. Loren P. Woods, 19??-, curator of fishes between 1941-78 at FMNH, Chicago [Gobiopsis woodsi Lachner & McKinney, 1978, possibly Crispatotrochus woodsi (Wells, 1964), possibly Astrangia woodsi Wells, 1955].

Bernard Barham Woodward, (3 Aug. - St. Johns Wood) 1853-1930 (27 Oct.), FLS, English malacologist, who sometimes also published on other organisms, however, most often on non marine objects. He was the only son of Bernard Bolingbroke Woodward (see below) and after the early death of his father, he was forced to work as clerk in a bank, but left in 1873 to serve as Curator to the Geological Society, but left this in September 1876 to work at the Printed Book Department at the British Museum, but was moved in October 1881 to the new British Museum of Natural History, where he was much responsible for building up their very fine natural history library. He was married and widower twice, but left no children. His cousin Horace Bolingbroke Woodward, (20 Aug.) 1848-1914 (6 Feb.), (son of Samuel P. Woodward (see below)) was a naturalist (geologist) as well. They were given names matching their characters "Humble Bee" & "Bumble Bee" by their colleagues at the natural history museum in London.

Dr. Henry Woodward, (24 Nov.) 1832-1921 (6 Sep.), British paleontologist and geologist. Youngest son of the British self-educated geologist Samuel Woodward, (3 Oct. - Norwich) 1790-1838 (14 Jan. - Norwich (had been ill with Diabetes since 1835, but continued to work until he died)). Appointed assistent in the Geology department of the British Museum in 1858, rising to First Class Assistent after the death of his brother Samuel P. Woodward (see below) and in 1880 succeding Waterhouse (q.v.) as keeper. Henry's youngest son Martin Fountain Woodward, (5 Nov.) 1865-1901 (15 Sep. - by drowning in the Irish Sea, when the boat, he and some colleagues sailed in collapsed in a sudden squall), was a malacologist and marine biologist as well. There is also another British geologist named Henry Page Woodward, (16 May - Norwich) 1858-1917 (8 Feb. - West Perth (by cancer)), who was the eldest son of tDr. Henry Woodward, but left Britain in 1888 for Australia, where he became involved in the gold engineering. Sir Arthur Smith Woodward, (23 May - Macclesfield, Cheshire) 1864-1944 (2 Sep.), who published on fossil fishes of the British Museum (and was involved in the Piltdown man hoax) may possibly also have been a relative?

Prof. Samuel Pickworth Woodward, (17 Sep. - Norwich) 1821-1865 (11 July - Herne Bay, Kent), British natural history worker and distinguished malacologist. Author of a "Manual of Conchology", son of the geologist Samuel Woodward, (above), and father of Horace Bolingbroke Woodward (see above). [Pickworthia Iredale,1917 (synonymized with Sansonia Jousseaume, 1892 - but belonging to fam. Pickworthiidae Iredale, 1917), Funchalia woodwardi Johnson, 1867, Carduus woodwardii Wats]. Henry Woodward (above) was his brother and another brother was the Rev., (later queen Victoria's librarian) Bernard Bolingbroke Woodward, (2 May) 1816-1869 (12 Oct.). There is also a geologist at the BMNH named Bernard Henry Woodward, (31 Jan. - Islington, England) 1846-1916 (14 Oct. - Harvey, W. Australia), who was S.P.W.:s son (and thus elder brother of "Bumble Bee"), but he moved to W. Australia in 1889.

Thomas Jenkinson Woodward, (6 Mar. - Huntingdon) 1745-1820 (28 Jan. - Diss, Norfolk), FLS, British algologist [Hypoglossum woodwardii Kylin]. An earlier British collector of natural history objects was Sir Dr. John Woodward, (1 May - Derbyshire) 1665-1728 (25 Apr.).

The gastropod name Admete woodworthi (Dall, 1905) from Monterey Bay, California, may possibly be a tribute to the US entomologist Prof. Charles William Woodworth, (28 Apr. - Champaign, Illinois) 1865-1940 (19 Nov. - Berkeley), Univ. of California, or maybe a tribute to the US geologist Jay Backus Woodworth, (2 Jan. - Newfield, New York) 1865-1925 (4 Aug.), or perhaps to the namesake below?

The polyclade name Asthenoceros woodworthi Laidlaw, 1903 is a tribute to the US Dr. William McMichael Woodworth, 1864-1912, keeper at the Museum of Harvard Univ., who e.g. in 1894 reported on turbellarians in Albatross Report IX and in 1898 on planarians from the Great Barrier Reef of Australia.

The scaphopod name Dentalium woolacottae Lamprell & Healy, 1998 may possibly be a tribute to Mrs. Leone (Lee) Woolacott, 1???-1957, who published on Australian mollusks.

Robert C. Work, 19??-, Univ. of Miami (working there at least between the 1950s to 1970s), is honoured in the gastropod name Anisodoris worki Marcus & Marcus, 1967, which was collected in Biscayne Bay, Florida by the honoured person.

Dr. Ole Worm, (13 May - Aarhus) 1588-1654 (31 Aug.), Danish physician and the first scientificly working zoologist in Denmark. The "Wormian bones" of the skull are named for him and he also was a pioneer in prehistoric archaeology, publishing i.a. on old Scandinavian runestones and translated rune "literature" to modern Danish.

The algal name Urospora wormskioldii (Mertens ex Hornemann, 1816) Rosenvinge, 1892 is likely named for a Danish Lieutenant Morten Wormskiold, (16 Jan. - København) 1783-1845 (29 Nov. - Gavne Castle), who was on board the Russian brig Rurik in 1815 when it circumnavigated the world. He had studied botany under Hornemann (q.v.) earlier. Evidently he and Chamisso (q.v.) became good friends, but he left the ship in Petropavlovsk on Kamchatka in 1816, because he and the captain Kotzebue (q.v.) fell out and Wormskiold stayed during two years, then returning home, but leaving natural history after returning. Wormskiold earlier also had made botanical and malacological collections in Greenland. Several terrestrial plants are also named for him. (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly informed about the identity of this eponym).

Jack N. Worsfold, 19??-, Freeport, Grand Bahama, collected type material of Macromphalina worsfoldi Rolán & Rubio, 1998 [Dermomurex (Dermomurex) worsfoldi Vokes, 1992, Heliacus worsfoldi Quinn, 1981]. He collected along the Grand Bahama Island between around 1970-85.

The kinorhynch name Echinoderes worthingi Southern, 1914 is not in honour of a person's name, but was found at Worthing, at the Sussex coast of England.

Wosnes(s)enski : (see spelling Voznesenski).

F.W. Wotton, 1847-1899, British amateur naturalist and shell collector, who became natural history tutor to the children of the Marquis of Bute in Cardiff.

Dr. Karel Wouters, (28 Nov.) 1944-, Belgian ostracod researcher and palaeontologist, who also is interested in terrestrial isopods [Aurila woutersi Horne, 1986].

The rotiferan name Cephalodella wrighti Wulfert, 1960 may possibly honour the meiobenthologist Prof. Dr. Kenneth A. Wright, 1936-1992 (6 July), but of course this is only a guessing.

The seagrass name Halodule wrightii Ascherson, 1868 is honouring the US botanist Charles (Carlos) Wright, (29 Oct. - Wethersfield, Connecticut) 1811-1885 (11 Aug. - Wethersfield), who collected the type in Cuba and is connected with marine biology also when he took part in Ringgold's North Pacific Expedition 1853-55. (See also). (David Hollombe, Los Angeles kindly provided this information).

Charles Seymore Wright : (see the Terra Nova expedition, 1910-).

Dr. Berlin Hart Wright, 1851-1940, US Malacologist, memorized i.a. in the Devonian shark name Ctenacanthus wrightii Newberry, 1884, the son of another US Malacologist, Dr. Samuel Hart Wright, (18 Feb.) 1825-1905 (7 Oct. - Penn Yan, New York), a physician and naturalist, memorized in the aster genus name Hartwrightia Asa Gray.

Charles East Wright, 1850-1926, British Malacologist.

Prof. Dr. Edward Perceval Wright, (Donnybrook) 1834-1910 (2 Mar. - Trinity College), Prof. of Zoology, Trinity College, Dublin, also working as an ophthalmic surgeon, was one of the early dredgers in deep water (800-900 m), Setubal Bay, Portugal. He also described a species of Pennella in 1870 and published on Irish sponges in 1869 and published on algae. He often spent collecting time in Mediterranean countries, but also sont half a year in the Seyshelles. [Cocconeopsis wrightii (O'Meara, 1867) Witkowski & al., 2000].

Dr. Thomas Strethill Wright, 1818-1876, Scottish naturalist and author, "zoophyte" researcher, but also publishing on protoctists, especially ciliates; described first Eudendrium wrighti Hartlaub,1905 [Wrightella Gray, 1870, likely Spiroplectinella wrightii (Silvestri, 1903), Discorbis wrightii (Brady, 1881), Spiroplectammina wrightii (Silvestri, 1903), Eponides wrighti (Brady), likely Ectopleura wrighti Petersen, 1979, likely Anadyomene wrightii Harvey]. He worked in Edinburgh, where he in 1862 was elected president of the Royal Physical Society of that city and was a grandson of an attorney at Knutsford, Strethill Wright, (28 Aug.) 1757-1827 (18 Aug.),

Dr. Thomas Wright, (9 Nov. - Paisley) 1809-1884 (17 Nov.), FRS from 1879, Scottish physician (educated in Dublin) and palaeontologist, working in Cheltenham, published i.a. on British fossil echinoderrms.

The von Wright (pronunciation "fon vrikt", where i should be pronounced like the i in the name Eric) brothers from the Haminalaks farm - close to Kuopio, Savolax, Finland are likely not memorized in any marine organism names, but still deserves to be mentioned here because of their very essential naturalist artwork, which likely was inspired when the oldest brother at age 6 or 7 saw the illustrated book "Svensk Zoologi" by Palmstruch (q.v.) in the home of one of his fathers friend, which made an indelible impression. There were several more siblings (of which 9 - including the three artist brothers - reached adult age), but only Magnus ((13 June) 1805-1868 (5 July)), Wilhelm ((5 Apr.) 1810-1887 (2 July - Marieberg, Morlanda, Orust)) and their youngest sibling Ferdinand ((19 Mar.)1822-1906 (31 July)) became artists. Magnus understood that he could not make his living out of naturalist artwork in Finland, so at age 20 he went to Sweden, where he eventually in Dec. 1827 met count Nils Bonde, ( (30 Sep. - Vittskövde) 1774-1838 (30 Sep. - Stockholm)), who was interested in natural science, and then spent the rest of his Swedish sojourn at Mörkö a few km south of Stockholm in Sweden, where the count lived in his castle Hörningsholm. The count had the right to elect the vicar of the congregation, so he had chosen Carl Ulrik Ekström, ((25 Sep. - Svea livgarde (Stockholm), where his father served as regiment priest) 1781-1858 (31 Mar. - Tjörn)), from Stockholm, who from his youth had been more interested in natural science than theology. Influenced by Ekström, the count contracted Magnus to make illustrations not only of birds and other natural objects in the area, as he had projected from the beginning, but of birds from all over Sweden. Magnus understood that this was a task for more than one person, so he asked his brother Wilhelm to come and help him. In this environment and under great influence from Ekström the two brothers painted and wrote their ornithological book "Svenska Foglar", edited by the patron of their arts count Bonde. The two oldest brothers had from early life followed their father on hunting expeditions and became very skilful hunters. They shot most of the birds used for their illustrations themselves, because they knew that colour of beaks, legs, eyes etc. in birds rapidly changed after the death , so they tried to use as fresh models as possible. Their very detailed pictures therefore looks more life-like than those made by contemporary artists like the well-known French-US bird and mammal artist John James Audubon ((26 Apr. - New Orleans) 1785-1851 (27 Jan. - Manhattan)) or the English ornithologist & artist John Gould ((14 Sep.) 1804-1881 (3 Feb.)). Later they cooperated with Sven Nilsson (q.v.) regarding illustrations to his "Skandinavisk Fauna", but this cooperation was broken when they disagreed with Prof. Nilsson regarding both economy and certain zoological opinions. Magnus returned home to Finland in Oct. 1829, where i.a. he beside an employed duty as cartographer continued his ornithological paintings and studies. Wilhelm stayed in Sweden and continued i.a. to paint insects resulting in count Bonde's butterfly book "Svenska Fjärilar" (published in 1989 - 102 years after the artist's death) and in 1835 he was employed by the KVA (Swedish Royal Academy of Science) as illustrator, painting mammals, flowers, bird's eggs and shells ("Fossila Snäckor" published in 1835, while the water-colour pictures of living shells still are unpublished), The shell paintings was in cooperation with Sven Lovén (q.v.). In 1835 he began a fish project in cooperation with C.U. Ekström (who after his parish time at Mörkö moved to Stenkyrka congregation in the island of Tjörn in Bohuslän at the Swedish west coast in 1837, where he continued to work until he died) and B.F. Fries (q.v.) (after Fries' early death in 1839 Sundevall (q.v.) took over) eventually resulting in "Skandinaviens Fiskar" published 1836-57. W. von Wright often for long periods visited Bohuslän at the Swedish west coast, e.g. together with Fries, where he could draw and paint marine animals and in 1845 he married and moved to the west coast, built a house at the large island Orust (close to Tjörn). He resigned from the KVA illustrator duty in 1848 and was not employed again until 1855, when he was employed as fisheries inspector. This became his unlucky fate, because he was supposed to confíscate equipment from poor fishermen who had no other support. This was the years after the great herring period of that century had come to an end, so there was very little to catch during this time. Wilhelm took this very hard, resulting in a stroke in 1856, making him bound to the bed for the rest of his life. Already from 1837 the youngest brother Ferdinand lived with Wilhelm in Sweden helping him with his different painting projects and during the last years of this decade they i.a. painted a lot of marine invertebrates (mainly still unpublished) from Bohuslän. In 1842 Ferdinand for a short period studied art in Stockholm and in 1844 he returned to Finland. In the beginning of the 1850s he visited and worked for a long period again with Wilhelm at his home Marieberg (named after Wilhelm's wife Maria Bildt) at Orust, returning to Finland in 1852, but again visiting Wilhelm for a year in 1858. Then it took 23 years until he again in 1881 for the last time visited his brother during a month. In 1884 Ferdinand was struck by stroke, making him bound to his bed for the rest of his life, but with ability to paint in bed. Wilhelm and not least Ferdinand are thus the brothers who mainly are connected with marine animals.

Lacking information about Wróblewski in the gastropod name Opalia wroblewskii (Mörch, 1876).

The Polish zoologist August Wrzesniowski, 1837-1892, is honoured in the decapod name Euryrhynchus wrzesniowskii Miers, 1878 and in the ciliate name Holosticha wrzesniowskii (Mereschkowsky, 1877).

Professor Wu Bao-Ling, 1925-1998 (5 Feb.), Chinese polychaete researcher, who was a disciple of Us(c)hakov (q.v.) in Russia between 1957-61, one of few of the Chinese of his time, who visited all continents, including the Antarctic [Pista wui Saphronova, 1988, Nereis baolingi de León-González & Solis-Weiss, 2000, Pettiboneia wui Carrasco & Palma, 2000, Ophryotrocha wubaolingi Miura, 1997].

The diatom name Fallacia wuestii (Simonsen, 1959) Sabbe & Muylaert, 1999 is possibly a tribute to the mycologist J. Wuest, 19??-,.

The German nanoplankton researcher Prof. Alfred Wulff, 1888-19??, is honoured in the ciliate name Strombidium wulffi Kahl, 1932.

The diatom name Navicula wunsamiae Witkowski, Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin, 2000 is dedicated to the author's colleague Dr. Sybille Wunsam, 19??-, Canada.

The Caribbean shrimp name Lysmata wurdemanni (L.R. Gibbes, 1850) and the hermit crab name Isocheles wurdemanni Stimpson, 1862, the algal names Heterosiphonia wurdemanni (Bailey ex Harvey) Falkenberg & Caulerpa caspaloides v. wurdemanni (Weber - van Bosse) are in honour of Dr. John George F. Wurdemann, (Mar. - Charleston) 1810-1849 (suffered from and died because of pulmonary tbc), a physician of Charleston, S. Carolina, who also was an interested naturalist and in 1845 collected the shrimp for Lewis Gibbes (q.v.). L. Gibbes 1850 also named a crab Panopeus wurdemanni, but later found out that it was a synonym of Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould, 1941). The ophiuroid name Ophiophragmus wurdemani (Lyman, 1860) Lyman, 1865 is likely not in honour of J.G.F. Wurdemann, more likely of the naturalist of the U.S Coast Survey, Gustavus Wilhelm Wurdemann, 1815- 1859, who does not seem to be a relative (at least not close) of J.G.F. Wurdemann.

Charles B. Wurtz, 1916-1982, Philadelphia malacologist (aquatic biologist and land snail specialist).

Wyatt : (see the Terra Nova expedition, 1910-).

Lacking information about the collector H.E. Wyeth in the cirripedian name Anguloscalpellum wyethi (Cornwall, 1951), collected in 1950 E of Guam in a depth of 1600 fathoms. The author Ira Edmund Cornwall, 1875-1962, who was an electrician and marine biologist, living in British Columbia?, published several papers on Cirripedia, but who the collector was and how he collected the species is unsure.

Gerhard Wülker, 1885-1930, published e.g. in 1910 in München on Japanese cephalopods and is honoured in the cephalopod name Grimpoteuthis wuelkeri Grimpe, 1920 (a "Dumbo Octopus" from depths over 3000 meters) . Wülker published also on nematodes after 1920.

The foraminiferan name Fontbotia wuellerstorfi (Schwager, 1866) is likely honouring the vice admiral in the German fleet Bernhard Freiherr von Wüllerstorff-Urbair, (29 Jan. - Trieste) 1816-1883 (10 Aug. - Klobenstein), commodore of the Austrian "Novara" circumnavigation 1857-59. Later he became a Vice Admiral.

The ctenophore name Coeloplana wuennenbergi Hans W. Fricke, 1970 may possibly be a tribute to Prof. Dr. Wolf Wünnenberg, 19??-, zoophysiologist, Univ of Kiel (retired in 2003?), who in 1990 published the book "Physiologi des Winterschlafes", because also Fricke is a zoophysiologist.

Max Wütrich, (3 Aug.) 1924-1996 (25 Nov.), Swiss Malacologist.

Wyville : (see Wyville Thomson).

Heinrich Wägele, 1895-1942, German Malacologist.